TWI486191B - Exercise machines - Google Patents

Exercise machines Download PDF

Info

Publication number
TWI486191B
TWI486191B TW102100346A TW102100346A TWI486191B TW I486191 B TWI486191 B TW I486191B TW 102100346 A TW102100346 A TW 102100346A TW 102100346 A TW102100346 A TW 102100346A TW I486191 B TWI486191 B TW I486191B
Authority
TW
Taiwan
Prior art keywords
module
resistance
carrier
motion
machine
Prior art date
Application number
TW102100346A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
TW201334834A (en
Inventor
Boonchai Lorhpipat
Original Assignee
Satian Ind Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB1200032.9A priority Critical patent/GB2498335A/en
Application filed by Satian Ind Co Ltd filed Critical Satian Ind Co Ltd
Publication of TW201334834A publication Critical patent/TW201334834A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of TWI486191B publication Critical patent/TWI486191B/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/008Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using hydraulic or pneumatic force-resisters
    • A63B21/0083Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using hydraulic or pneumatic force-resisters of the piston-cylinder type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/008Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using hydraulic or pneumatic force-resisters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/008Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using hydraulic or pneumatic force-resisters
    • A63B21/0085Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using hydraulic or pneumatic force-resisters using pneumatic force-resisters
    • A63B21/0087Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using hydraulic or pneumatic force-resisters using pneumatic force-resisters of the piston-cylinder type
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/15Arrangements for force transmissions
    • A63B21/159Using levers for transmitting forces
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/40Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof
    • A63B21/4041Interfaces with the user related to strength training; Details thereof characterised by the movements of the interface
    • A63B21/4047Pivoting movement
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/02Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the abdomen, the spinal column or the torso muscles related to shoulders (e.g. chest muscles)
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/02Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for the abdomen, the spinal column or the torso muscles related to shoulders (e.g. chest muscles)
    • A63B23/0205Abdomen
    • A63B23/0211Abdomen moving torso with immobilized lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/03516For both arms together or both legs together; Aspects related to the co-ordination between right and left side limbs of a user
    • A63B23/03525Supports for both feet or both hands performing simultaneously the same movement, e.g. single pedal or single handle
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/03516For both arms together or both legs together; Aspects related to the co-ordination between right and left side limbs of a user
    • A63B23/03533With separate means driven by each limb, i.e. performing different movements
    • A63B23/03541Moving independently from each other
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/0355A single apparatus used for either upper or lower limbs, i.e. with a set of support elements driven either by the upper or the lower limb or limbs
    • A63B23/03558Compound apparatus having multiple stations allowing an user to exercise different limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0494Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs primarily by articulating the knee joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • A63B23/1245Primarily by articulating the shoulder joint
    • A63B23/1263Rotation about an axis passing through both shoulders, e.g. cross-country skiing-type arm movements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B2023/003Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body by torsion of the body part around its longitudinal axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/012Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using frictional force-resisters
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/02Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters
    • A63B21/023Wound springs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B21/00Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices
    • A63B21/02Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters
    • A63B21/055Exercising apparatus for developing or strengthening the muscles or joints of the body by working against a counterforce, with or without measuring devices using resilient force-resisters extension element type
    • A63B21/0552Elastic ropes or bands
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2208/00Characteristics or parameters related to the user or player
    • A63B2208/02Characteristics or parameters related to the user or player posture
    • A63B2208/0228Sitting on the buttocks
    • A63B2208/0233Sitting on the buttocks in 90/90 position, like on a chair
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2230/00Measuring physiological parameters of the user
    • A63B2230/04Measuring physiological parameters of the user heartbeat characteristics, e.g. E.G.C., blood pressure modulations
    • A63B2230/06Measuring physiological parameters of the user heartbeat characteristics, e.g. E.G.C., blood pressure modulations heartbeat rate only
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B2230/00Measuring physiological parameters of the user
    • A63B2230/30Measuring physiological parameters of the user blood pressure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0062Monitoring athletic performances, e.g. for determining the work of a user on an exercise apparatus, the completed jogging or cycling distance
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B24/00Electric or electronic controls for exercising apparatus of preceding groups; Controlling or monitoring of exercises, sportive games, training or athletic performances
    • A63B24/0075Means for generating exercise programs or schemes, e.g. computerized virtual trainer, e.g. using expert databases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B71/00Games or sports accessories not covered in groups A63B1/00 - A63B69/00
    • A63B71/06Indicating or scoring devices for games or players, or for other sports activities
    • A63B71/0619Displays, user interfaces and indicating devices, specially adapted for sport equipment, e.g. display mounted on treadmills

Description

運動機器Sports machine
本發明係關於用於阻力訓練或力量訓練之運動機器,在一項態樣中其係關於一種旋轉軀幹運動機器且在另一態樣中其係關於併入有旋轉軀幹運動之多個肌肉心血管運動機器;其主要地(但非排他地)用於家用。The present invention relates to a sports machine for resistance training or strength training, in one aspect relating to a rotary torso motion machine and in another aspect to a plurality of muscle hearts incorporating a rotary torso movement An vascular machine; it is primarily (but not exclusively) used in the home.
心血管運動亦稱為其中連續地獲取由心臟以一經增加速率遞送至肌肉之氧氣之有氧運動。其涉及如腿之彼等肌肉之大肌肉且幫助使心臟及肺更強壯;其亦可降低血壓且燃燒卡路里,從而幫助減輕體重。Cardiovascular exercise is also known as aerobic exercise in which oxygen is continuously acquired by the heart to the muscle at an increased rate. It involves the muscles of the muscles like the legs and helps strengthen the heart and lungs; it also lowers blood pressure and burns calories, helping to lose weight.
為給一心臟一適當鍛練需要通常藉由量測心率監測之一特定強度之心血管運動。每個人皆具有一靜息心率,其係在靜息時之心搏率。每個人亦皆具有一最大心率,其係一心臟在一既定時間內可搏動之最大次數,通常量測為每分鐘之搏動。一「目標心率區」係被視為進行一良好心臟鍛練之最佳速率之一心率範圍;此範圍介於最大心率之50%與85%之間。In order to give a heart a proper exercise requires a specific intensity of cardiovascular exercise, usually by measuring heart rate. Everyone has a resting heart rate, which is the heart rate at rest. Each person also has a maximum heart rate, which is the maximum number of times a heart can beat in a given time, usually measured as beats per minute. A "target heart rate zone" is considered to be one of the best rate rates for a good heart workout; this range is between 50% and 85% of the maximum heart rate.
已知經設計以鍛練特定肌群之機器且該等機器包含: Machines designed to exercise specific muscle groups are known and include:
提供雙向阻力(較佳地,液壓或氣動)之機器使得相對肌群能夠使用一往復(推動/牽拉)移動同時得到鍛練。A machine that provides two-way resistance (preferably hydraulic or pneumatic) allows the opposing muscle groups to use a reciprocating (push/pull) movement while exercising.
亦已知鍛練肌群之組合之機器。Machines that combine a combination of exercise muscles are also known.
一種類型具有在該機器周圍分佈之不同運動站且具有作用於一可變槓鈴片堆疊上之一線纜及滑輪系統。每一站具有經由線纜及滑輪系統連接至槓鈴片堆疊且經設計以與一使用者之身體之一特定部分協作之配件;藉此使得使用者能夠克服槓鈴片堆疊而鍛練一既定肌肉。此抗重(weight resistive)機器僅提供與待拉抬槓鈴片之重量及慣性成比例之一單向阻力。One type has different motion stations distributed around the machine and has a cable and pulley system that acts on a variable barbell stack. Each station has an accessory that is connected to the stack of barbells via a cable and pulley system and that is designed to cooperate with a particular portion of a user's body; thereby enabling the user to exercise a predetermined muscle by overcoming the stack of barbells. This weight resistive machine provides only one-way resistance proportional to the weight and inertia of the barbell to be lifted.
另一類型之運動機器使用相對地作用之可調節伸縮式液壓支柱對以針對某些軀幹肌群及腿肌群鍛練提供雙向阻力模組。使用者保持就坐於相同位置(站)中以接達肌肉運動模組。伸縮式液壓支柱具有提供與壓縮/擴展支柱之速率成比例之阻力之優勢;在低速率下,阻力係基本恆定的且適合運動以加強肌肉力量及體積(肥厚)且阻力以快速 速率增加以訓練心血管耐力。Another type of exercise machine uses a relatively adjustable adjustable telescopic hydraulic strut pair to provide a two-way resistance module for certain torso muscle groups and leg muscle groups. The user remains seated in the same position (station) to access the muscle exercise module. Telescopic hydraulic struts have the advantage of providing resistance proportional to the rate at which the struts are compressed/expanded; at low rates, the resistance is substantially constant and suitable for movement to strengthen muscle strength and volume (hypertrophy) and resistance to fast Increase the rate to train cardiovascular endurance.
此類型之機器之一項實例係Edge Fitness Extreme Combo多功能健身器材,其提供經配置以針對胸肌及斜方肌(上部背)、股四頭肌及大腿後肌肉(腿後肌)、三角肌及背闊肌肌群可自一單個站操作之三個運動模組。An example of this type of machine is the Edge Fitness Extreme Combo multi-functional fitness device, which is configured to target the chest and trapezius (upper back), quadriceps and hind thigh muscles (post-legs), deltoids And the latissimus dorsi muscles can be operated from a single station with three motion modules.
另一液壓多功能運動機器亦提供經配置以針對股四頭肌及大腿後肌肉(腿後肌)、三角肌及背闊肌以及蝴蝶及後三角肌肌群可自一單個站操作之三種運動模組。Another hydraulic multi-function exercise machine also provides three movements that can be configured to operate from a single station for the quadriceps and hind thigh muscles (post-legs), deltoid and latissimus dorsi, and the butterfly and posterior deltoid muscles. Module.
股及大腿後側係最大肌肉且為達成有效心血管運動包含此等肌肉係必要的。The maximal muscles of the thigh and the back of the thigh are necessary to include such muscles in order to achieve effective cardiovascular exercise.
先前技術Prior art
文件WO 2008/152627 A2(2008年12月18日-KLEINMAN)揭示:「在一第一態樣中,本發明係一種允許一使用者執行複數種運動之液壓運動機器。本發明之運動機器之特徵在於:釋壓機構係允許獨立於自該運動機器拉出線纜之速度在一預定義最小阻力下自該運動機器拉動線纜之一機械機構。液壓運動機器之某些實施例經調適以允許使用者僅做向心(正)功且其他實施例經調適以允許使用者做向心(正)功或離心(負)功。本發明亦係包括液壓運動機器之一設備。本發明之運動設備可包括當使用者執行一運動時坐或躺於其上之一運動凳以及運動機器及運動凳附裝至其上之一平臺。」[摘要]Document WO 2008/152627 A2 (December 18, 2008 - KLEINMAN) discloses: "In a first aspect, the invention is a hydraulic motion machine that allows a user to perform a plurality of movements. The sports machine of the present invention The feature is that the pressure relief mechanism allows one of the mechanical mechanisms to pull the cable from the moving machine at a predetermined minimum resistance independent of the speed at which the cable is pulled from the moving machine. Some embodiments of the hydraulic motion machine are adapted The user is allowed to perform only centripetal (positive) work and other embodiments are adapted to allow the user to perform centripetal (positive) work or centrifugal (negative) work. The invention also includes one of the hydraulic motion machines. The exercise device may include a sports bench that sits or lies on the user when performing a sport, and a platform to which the sports machine and the sports bench are attached."[Abstract]
所闡述機器依賴至一旋轉液壓泵、一液壓引擎或一線性液壓泵之一牽拉式線纜連接;使用者取決於欲鍛練之肌肉調節位置及牽拉式線纜附接點。The machine described relies on a pull-type cable connection to a rotary hydraulic pump, a hydraulic engine or a linear hydraulic pump; the user depends on the muscle adjustment position and the pull-wire attachment point to be exercised.
文件WO 2010/109383 A1(2011年9月30日-KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V.)揭示: 「一種包括結合一交互程式監測執行一身體活動之一使用者之一生理特性;及基於該所監測之生理特性調節該程式之一或多個參數之方法。」[摘要]Document WO 2010/109383 A1 (September 30, 2011 - KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V.) reveals: "A method comprising monitoring an physiological characteristic of a user performing a physical activity in conjunction with an interactive program; and adjusting one or more parameters of the program based on the monitored physiological characteristics." [Abstract]
文件CA 2,103,013 A1(1993年11月12日-BRIAN KOCHAN)揭示一種藉由在實質上平行於地面之一平面中提供一臂部移動且繞平行於使用者之脊柱之一軸旋轉來鍛練使用者之上部身體之運動機器。使用者旋轉附接至自位於使用者前面之一可旋轉軸件延伸之一對懸臂槓之一手柄。該手柄在旋轉期間沿一線性徑向方向自由地樞轉及移動。Document CA 2,103,013 A1 (November 12, 1993 - BRIAN KOCHAN) discloses a method of exercising a user by providing an arm movement in a plane substantially parallel to the ground and rotating about an axis parallel to the spine of the user. The upper body of the movement machine. The user is rotatably attached to one of the pair of cantilever arms extending from one of the rotatable shaft members located in front of the user. The handle is free to pivot and move in a linear radial direction during rotation.
文件US5094449(STEARNS)揭示用於腹部運動(包含腹部前屈、搖擺及扭轉)之設備。藉由僅沿一個方向作用之槓鈴片22提供可變阻力。臂手柄64及肘部墊部件344、346附接至可繞藉由搖擺框架部件266、268、270攜載之並排水平軸300旋轉之一腹部前屈框架310,該等搖擺框架部件可繞藉由扭轉框架68攜載之前後水平軸200旋轉,該扭轉框架可繞垂直軸100旋轉。Document US5094449 (STEARNS) discloses devices for abdominal exercise (including abdominal flexion, sway and twist). The variable resistance is provided by the barbell piece 22 acting only in one direction. The arm handle 64 and elbow pad members 344, 346 are attached to an abdomen flexion frame 310 that is rotatable about a side-by-side horizontal axis 300 carried by the rocking frame members 266, 268, 270, which can be wrapped around The horizontal axis 200 is rotated by the torsion frame 68 before it is rotated, and the torsion frame is rotatable about the vertical axis 100.
根據本發明之最寬廣態樣,一種運動機器包括技術方案1中所規定之特徵。According to the broadest aspect of the invention, a sports machine includes the features specified in claim 1.
阻力可係摩擦性、彈性或流體性的;諸如分別藉由摩擦墊、彈性橡膠條、盤簧或者氣動支柱或液壓支柱提供。The resistance may be frictional, elastic or fluid; such as provided by friction pads, elastic rubber strips, coil springs or pneumatic struts or hydraulic struts, respectively.
較佳地,該運動機器包括經配置及經組態以克服雙向流體阻力分別鍛練軀幹及主肌群之單獨運動模組;該等肌群運動模組較佳地經安置以由一使用者自坐落在座上之一單個位置來致動。Preferably, the exercise machine includes a separate motion module configured and configured to overcome the two-way fluid resistance to exercise the torso and the main muscle group, respectively; the muscle group motion modules are preferably disposed by a user Located in a single location on the seat to actuate.
在一較佳實施例中,該等運動模組包括:i)一旋轉軀幹模組,其中一把手經配置以可克服雙向流體阻力而繞一大體垂直軸沿一大體水平弧移動;ii)一腹部前屈模組,其中一把手經配置以可克服雙向流體阻 力而繞一大體水平軸沿一大體垂直弧移動;iii)一胸部推舉/坐姿划船模組,其中一對手柄各自經配置以可克服雙向流體阻力而繞一大體水平軸沿一大體垂直弧移動,該等臂可係可單獨移動的;iv)一肩部推舉/高位牽拉模組,其中一把手可克服雙向流體阻力在一大體垂直平面中旋轉;及,v)一腿部伸展及屈曲模組,其中一擱腿槓可克服雙向流體阻力而繞一大體水平軸沿大體垂直弧旋轉。In a preferred embodiment, the motion modules comprise: i) a rotating torso module, wherein a handle is configured to overcome a bi-directional fluid resistance and move along a substantially vertical axis about a substantially vertical axis; ii) an abdomen a flexion module in which one handle is configured to overcome bidirectional fluid resistance a force moving around a large horizontal axis along a major vertical arc; iii) a chest pushing/sitting rowing module in which a pair of handles are each configured to overcome a two-way fluid resistance and move along a major horizontal axis about a major vertical axis The arms can be individually movable; iv) a shoulder press/high pull module in which one handle can rotate in a substantially vertical plane against bidirectional fluid resistance; and, v) a leg extension and flexion mode The set, one of the leg rests, can overcome a two-way fluid resistance to rotate about a generally horizontal arc about a generally horizontal axis.
已發現藉由使用每一群中之相對肌肉牽拉及推動單向阻力模組以基本上連續地鍛練所有該等主肌群係特別有益的,此乃因:a)心血管運動分佈於所有該等主肌群之間,此使得即使一對特定肌肉疲憊心血管運動亦能夠繼續;b)使用根據本發明之一機器之一運動計劃針對所有該等主肌群提供平衡鍛練。It has been found that it is particularly advantageous to train all of these main muscle groups substantially continuously by using the relative muscles in each group to pull and push the one-way resistance module because: a) cardiovascular motion is distributed throughout Between the main muscle groups, this enables continuous cardiovascular exercise even for a specific muscle fatigue; b) provides balanced exercise for all of these main muscle groups using one of the machines according to one of the machines of the present invention.
根據本發明之一種運動機器亦提供較完全之肌肉增強,克服與獲得必備目標心率(燃燒)所需要之一個肌群之重複鍛練相關聯之使用者厭倦且比已知家用健身機器更緊湊。An exercise machine in accordance with the present invention also provides for a more complete muscle enhancement, overcoming the user's boredom associated with repeated exercise of a muscle group required to achieve the necessary target heart rate (combustion) and being more compact than known home exercise machines.
先前所闡述之已知液壓多功能運動機器限於減少數目個主肌群。使用先前技術設備鍛練所有該等主肌群需要最少四個不同的運動站。The known hydraulic multi-function exercise machines previously described are limited to a reduced number of main muscle groups. It takes at least four different stations to exercise all of these main muscle groups using prior art equipment.
本發明之一較佳實施例包括一框架及五個運動模組,每一模組包括:一載體,其樞轉連接至該框架;雙向流體阻力構件,其在該載體與該框架或另一載體之間起作用:及一操作部件,其附接至該載體;每一操作部件經適當塑形以由一使用者藉助欲鍛練之肌群操作。該操作部件可係一把手、手柄或擱腿槓。A preferred embodiment of the present invention includes a frame and five motion modules, each module including: a carrier pivotally coupled to the frame; a bi-directional fluid resistance member in the carrier and the frame or another The carriers function: and an operating member that is attached to the carrier; each of the operating members is suitably shaped to be manipulated by a user with the muscle group to be exercised. The operating member can be a handle, a handle or a leg rest.
不同於以上所闡述之三個模組運動機器,根據本發明之此實施例之一運動機器唯獨將分別針對胸大肌及胸小肌/肱三頭肌/前三角肌、胸肌/斜方肌、腹直肌/骶棘肌、三角肌/背闊肌、股四頭肌/大腿後肌肉(腿後肌)肌群之五個運動模組組合於一個機器中。雙向阻力及經樞轉連接之載體使得每一主肌肉能夠克服經調整以適應該肌肉之一特定阻力而得到鍛練且使得一既定肌群之該等肌肉能夠相對地鍛練。 可單獨地或組合地操作運動模組。Different from the three modular exercise machines described above, the exercise machine according to this embodiment of the present invention will only target the pectoralis major and the pectoralis minor muscle/triceps/anterior deltoid muscle, the chest muscle/oblique side, respectively. The five motor modules of the muscle, rectus abdominis, iliac spine, deltoid/lating latissimus, quadriceps/thigh muscles (post-legs) muscles are combined in one machine. The two-way resistance and the pivotally coupled carrier enable each of the main muscles to be exercised to overcome the specific resistance adjusted to accommodate one of the muscles and to enable the muscles of a given muscle group to be relatively exercised. The motion module can be operated individually or in combination.
在另一實施例中,提供一電腦控制之顯示器。In another embodiment, a computer controlled display is provided.
10‧‧‧基座10‧‧‧ Pedestal
12‧‧‧直線框架/框架12‧‧‧Linear frame/frame
14‧‧‧垂直柱/柱/座柱14‧‧‧Vertical column/column/seat column
16‧‧‧座16‧‧‧
18‧‧‧J形立柱/立柱18‧‧‧J-shaped column / column
20‧‧‧軸環20‧‧‧ collar
22‧‧‧槓鈴片/軸件/垂直軸件22‧‧‧Barbell/Shaft/Vertical Shaft
24‧‧‧水平橫向部件24‧‧‧Horizontal horizontal components
26‧‧‧臂26‧‧‧ Arm
28‧‧‧臂28‧‧‧ Arm
30‧‧‧臂延伸部30‧‧‧arm extension
32‧‧‧托架32‧‧‧ bracket
34‧‧‧橫檔/托架橫檔34‧‧‧travel/bracket rung
36‧‧‧托架臂/臂36‧‧‧Bracket arm/arm
38‧‧‧腿/臂38‧‧‧ Legs/arms
40‧‧‧頭靠40‧‧‧ head
42‧‧‧鉤形手柄/手柄42‧‧‧Hook handle/handle
44‧‧‧鏈輪/軸件鏈輪44‧‧‧Sprocket/shaft sprocket
46‧‧‧其他鏈輪/齒輪46‧‧‧Other sprocket/gear
48‧‧‧單向液壓支柱/支柱48‧‧‧One-way hydraulic props/pillars
50‧‧‧單向液壓支柱/支柱50‧‧‧One-way hydraulic props/pillars
51‧‧‧單向液壓支柱/支柱51‧‧‧One-way hydraulic props/pillars
52‧‧‧活塞桿52‧‧‧ piston rod
53‧‧‧活塞桿53‧‧‧ piston rod
54‧‧‧曲柄54‧‧‧ crank
56‧‧‧總成56‧‧‧assembly
58‧‧‧垂直臂/臂58‧‧‧Vertical arm/arm
60‧‧‧水平軸60‧‧‧ horizontal axis
62‧‧‧垂直支柱62‧‧‧ vertical pillar
64‧‧‧臂手柄/手柄64‧‧‧arm handle/handle
66‧‧‧單向液壓支柱/液壓支柱66‧‧‧One-way hydraulic props / hydraulic props
68‧‧‧扭轉框架/活塞桿68‧‧‧Twisted frame/piston rod
70‧‧‧相對曲柄70‧‧‧relative crank
72‧‧‧延伸部72‧‧‧Extension
74‧‧‧延伸部/框架74‧‧‧Extension/framework
76‧‧‧水平軸/樞軸76‧‧‧Horizontal axis/pivot
78‧‧‧把手/手柄78‧‧‧Handle/handle
80‧‧‧抓手80‧‧‧Hands
82‧‧‧圓形裝設件82‧‧‧Circular fixtures
84‧‧‧頂部84‧‧‧ top
86‧‧‧連結桿86‧‧‧ Connecting rod
87‧‧‧連結桿87‧‧‧ Connecting rod
89‧‧‧框架部件89‧‧‧Frame parts
90‧‧‧液壓支柱/支柱90‧‧‧Hydraulic pillars/pillars
92‧‧‧液壓支柱/支柱92‧‧‧Hydraulic pillars/pillars
94‧‧‧擺臂94‧‧‧ swing arm
96‧‧‧橫向擱腿槓/橫向槓/擱腿槓96‧‧‧Horizontal leg rest / cross bar / leg rest
98‧‧‧橫向擱腿槓/橫向槓/擱腿槓98‧‧‧Horizontal leg rest / cross bar / leg rest
100‧‧‧垂直軸/橫向擱腿槓/擱腿槓/橫槓100‧‧‧Vertical shaft/lateral legrest bar/stool bar/bar
102‧‧‧雙臂曲柄102‧‧‧Band crank
104‧‧‧推桿104‧‧‧Put
106‧‧‧單向液壓支柱/支柱106‧‧‧One-way hydraulic props/pillars
108‧‧‧單向液壓支柱/支柱108‧‧‧One-way hydraulic props/pillars
110‧‧‧活塞桿110‧‧‧ piston rod
112‧‧‧活塞桿112‧‧‧ piston rod
114‧‧‧顯示器114‧‧‧Display
藉助實例圖解說明本發明之以上及其他特徵,在圖式中,其中:圖1係圖解說明根據本發明之一實施例之一運動機器之旋轉軀幹及腹部前屈模組之一正視立面圖;圖2係對應於圖1之一平面圖;圖3對應於旋轉軀幹模組轉向左之情形下之圖1;圖4對應於旋轉軀幹模組轉向左之情形下之圖2;圖5對應於旋轉軀幹模組轉向右之情形下之圖1;圖6對應於旋轉軀幹模組轉向右之情形下之圖2;圖7係圖1之運動機器之一側視立面圖,其中腹部前屈模組處於一開始位置中;圖8對應於圖7,但其中腹部前屈模組處於一中間位置中;圖9對應於圖7,但其中腹部前屈模組處於一最終位置中;圖10係根據本發明之一其他實施例之具有旋轉軀幹、腹部前屈、胸部推舉/坐姿划船、肩部推舉/高位牽拉以及一腿部伸展及屈曲模組之一經組合運動機器之一側視立面圖;圖11係圖10之運動機器之相對側視立面圖; 圖12係圖10之運動機器之一正視立面圖;圖13係圖10之運動機器之一後視立面圖;圖14係圖10之運動機器之一平面圖;及,圖15係圖10之運動機器之一仰視平面圖。The above and other features of the present invention are illustrated by way of example, in which: FIG. 1 is a front elevational view of one of a rotating torso and abdomen flexion module of a sports machine in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. Figure 2 corresponds to a plan view of Figure 1; Figure 3 corresponds to Figure 1 in the case where the rotating torso module is turned to the left; Figure 4 corresponds to Figure 2 in the case where the rotating torso module is turned to the left; Figure 5 corresponds to Figure 2 Figure 1 shows the case where the rotating torso module is turned to the right; Figure 6 corresponds to Figure 2 in the case where the rotating torso module is turned to the right; Figure 7 is a side elevational view of one of the moving machines of Figure 1, in which the abdomen bends forward The module is in a starting position; Figure 8 corresponds to Figure 7, but wherein the abdominal flexion module is in an intermediate position; Figure 9 corresponds to Figure 7, but wherein the abdominal flexion module is in a final position; Figure 10 According to another embodiment of the present invention, one of the combined sports machines having a rotating torso, abdomen flexion, chest push/sitting rowing, shoulder pushing/high pulling, and one leg stretching and flexing module Figure 11 is a motion machine of Figure 10. Relative side elevation view; Figure 12 is a front elevational view of one of the sports machines of Figure 10; Figure 13 is a rear elevational view of one of the sports machines of Figure 10; Figure 14 is a plan view of one of the sports machines of Figure 10; and Figure 15 is Figure 10 One of the moving machines looks up at the floor plan.
藉由圖1至圖9展示一運動機器,其包括具有一向上延伸之直線框架12之一葉子形狀之基座10。一垂直柱14裝設至框架之頂部且攜載在使用中針對一既定使用者固定之一座16;但柱14可係高度可調節的(例如)以適合不同使用者。一J形立柱18在該立柱之底部處具有攜載軸頸連接於框架12中之一軸件22之一軸環20;在座柱14後面。軸件22之旋轉軸因此大體垂直地延伸穿過座16之後邊緣區。立柱18向後延伸且然後在座16後面垂直地向上延伸且攜載一水平橫向部件24。臂26及28分別自橫向部件之每一端向前突出,超過軸件22之軸;一個臂26亦向後且向下延伸於30處。A moving machine is illustrated by Figures 1 through 9, which includes a base 10 having a leaf shape in the form of an upwardly extending linear frame 12. A vertical post 14 is mounted to the top of the frame and carried in use to secure a seat 16 for a given user; however, the post 14 can be height adjustable (for example) to suit different users. A J-shaped upright 18 has a collar 20 attached to one of the shaft members 22 of the frame 12 at the bottom of the upright; behind the seat post 14. The axis of rotation of the shaft member 22 thus extends generally vertically through the rear edge region of the seat 16. The post 18 extends rearwardly and then extends vertically upward behind the seat 16 and carries a horizontal cross member 24. The arms 26 and 28 project forwardly from each end of the transverse member, respectively, beyond the axis of the shaft member 22; one arm 26 also extends rearwardly and downwardly at 30.
一托架32具有一橫檔34,橫檔34在其端處具有一對向上延伸臂36以及一對向下及向前延伸腿38。腿38之前端軸頸連接至臂26、28之前端以可在一垂直平面中旋轉。繞臂26、28之前端之托架32之水平旋轉軸因此位於軸件22、立柱18及直接附接之結構之大體垂直旋轉軸之前面。托架橫檔34可(如圖1至圖7中所展示)擱置在立柱18之頂部上。A bracket 32 has a crosspiece 34 having a pair of upwardly extending arms 36 and a pair of downwardly and forwardly extending legs 38 at its ends. The front end of the leg 38 is journaled to the front end of the arms 26, 28 for rotation in a vertical plane. The horizontal axis of rotation of the bracket 32 about the forward end of the arms 26, 28 is thus located in front of the generally vertical axis of rotation of the shaft member 22, the post 18 and the directly attached structure. The carriage rails 34 can rest (as shown in Figures 1-7) on top of the uprights 18.
一橫檔連結托架臂36之自由端且攜載一頭靠40。一對鉤形手柄42自托架橫檔之每一端向上升且然後向下。A crosspiece joins the free end of the bracket arm 36 and carries a head 40. A pair of hook handles 42 are raised from each end of the bracket rail and then down.
垂直軸件22具有可在框架12內水平地旋轉之一鏈輪44(圖7至圖9)。一其他鏈輪46軸頸連接至框架,在軸件鏈輪44之前面且與其水平地對準。一滾子鏈(未展示)連結兩個鏈輪。一對相對單向液壓支柱48直接樞轉附接至齒輪46,其中支柱48之柱體端樞轉附接至基座10。支 柱48中之每一者之阻力可個別地調節以使得可沿任一旋轉方向分別調節移動立柱18及附接結構所需之作用力。The vertical shaft member 22 has a sprocket 44 (Figs. 7 to 9) that is horizontally rotatable within the frame 12. A further sprocket 46 is journaled to the frame, front of the shaft sprocket 44 and horizontally aligned therewith. A roller chain (not shown) joins the two sprockets. A pair of opposed one-way hydraulic strut 48 is directly pivotally attached to the gear 46 with the cylindrical end of the strut 48 pivotally attached to the base 10. support The resistance of each of the posts 48 can be individually adjusted such that the force required to move the uprights 18 and the attachment structure can be adjusted separately in either direction of rotation.
一對相對單向液壓支柱50、51具有樞轉連接至經固定以與臂38一起旋轉之一曲柄54之相對端之各別活塞桿52、53;支柱50及51之主體樞轉連接至臂延伸部30之後端。A pair of relatively unidirectional hydraulic struts 50, 51 have respective piston rods 52, 53 pivotally coupled to opposite ends of one of the cranks 54 that are fixed for rotation with the arms 38; the bodies of the struts 50 and 51 are pivotally coupled to the arms The rear end of the extension 30.
在針對旋轉軀幹運動之使用中,一使用者坐在座16上,握住手柄42且交替地收縮腹外斜肌以擺動總成56(包括J形立柱18、水平橫向部件24、臂26及28、托架32、臂36及腿38)以使其繞垂直軸件22沿一水平弧旋轉。此旋轉藉由鏈輪44及滾子鏈傳送至其他鏈輪46。其他鏈輪46之旋轉克服已經調節之支柱之阻力而將活塞桿中之一者壓縮至各別支柱48中。另一支柱(單向的)不提供阻力。總成56沿另一方向之旋轉克服已經針對其調節支柱之阻力而迫使活塞桿中之另一者進入至另一各別支柱48中。可以已知方式使用一胸背心以替代托架32。In use with the rotary torso motion, a user sits on the seat 16, holds the handle 42 and alternately contracts the external oblique muscle to swing the assembly 56 (including the J-shaped post 18, the horizontal cross member 24, the arms 26 and 28). The bracket 32, the arm 36 and the leg 38) are rotated about a vertical arc about the vertical shaft member 22. This rotation is transmitted to the other sprockets 46 by the sprocket 44 and the roller chain. The rotation of the other sprocket 46 compresses one of the piston rods into the respective strut 48 against the resistance of the struts that have been adjusted. The other pillar (unidirectional) does not provide resistance. Rotation of the assembly 56 in the other direction overcomes the resistance that has been adjusted for its struts to force the other of the piston rods into the other respective struts 48. A chest vest can be used in a known manner to replace the bracket 32.
在針對腹部前屈運動之使用中,使用者握住手柄42且藉由收縮腹直肌向下牽拉手柄42。此在腿38與臂26之間繞水平樞軸沿一垂直弧旋轉臂36以壓縮支柱51。由於穿過此等樞軸之水平軸稍微位於座16之使用者支撐上部表面上方及軸件22之大體垂直軸之前面,因此在一腹部前屈期間且當後來再次直起身時,一使用者之頭/頸能夠貫穿整個移動舒服地倚靠在頭靠40上,同時托架32及相關聯結構繞此單個水平軸往復樞轉。在該設備之使用中,當坐直時,使用者之脊柱之s形曲線通常以軸件22之軸為中心。隨著使用者向前彎曲成腹部前屈狀態時,頸椎及胸椎向前及向下旋轉至稍微大於腰椎之一程度,以使得反轉腰椎曲度且在達到腹部前屈之最低點時整個脊柱呈現一弓形曲線。已發現在軸件22旋轉軸之前面穿過腿38與臂26之間的樞軸而定位水平軸允許使用者貫穿向下過程在頸部之彎曲中維持與頭靠之舒服接觸且然後在一腹部前屈期間維持脊柱之向上撓曲運動,儘管存在以下事 實:托架32及其相關聯結構以可移動方式沿一簡單單個水平樞轉軸裝設至立柱18及其相關聯結構。此裝設配置亦在立柱18之後面留下一淨空間,該淨空間可被有利地用於容納如下文所闡述之其他運動模組。隨著使用者再次直起身離開腹部前屈狀態時,使用者收縮其骶棘肌且推擠頭靠40及/或在手柄42上向上推動;此作用力受阻於可獨立調節之支柱50。因此可獨立地調節分別由腹直肌及骶棘肌感受之阻力。In use for abdominal flexion movement, the user grasps the handle 42 and pulls the handle 42 downward by contracting the rectus abdominis. This rotates the arm 36 about a horizontal axis about the horizontal pivot between the leg 38 and the arm 26 to compress the strut 51. Since the horizontal axis passing through the pivots is slightly above the upper surface of the user support upper surface of the seat 16 and the front of the generally vertical axis of the shaft member 22, a user is present during abdomen flexion and then when straight up again The head/neck can rest comfortably against the headrest 40 throughout the movement while the bracket 32 and associated structure pivot back and forth about this single horizontal axis. In use of the device, the s-curve of the spine of the user is generally centered on the axis of the shaft 22 when seated. As the user flexes forward into the abdomen flexion state, the cervical and thoracic spine rotates forward and downward to a degree slightly greater than one of the lumbar vertebrae, so that the entire spine is reversed and the lowest point of abdominal flexion is reached. Presents an arcuate curve. It has been found that locating the horizontal axis through the pivot between the leg 38 and the arm 26 prior to the axis of rotation of the shaft member 22 allows the user to maintain a comfortable contact with the headrest in the bending of the neck through the downward process and then in one Maintaining the upward flexion of the spine during flexion of the abdomen, despite the following Real: Bracket 32 and its associated structure are movably mounted to post 18 and its associated structure along a simple single horizontal pivot axis. This mounting arrangement also leaves a clear space behind the post 18 which can be advantageously used to accommodate other motion modules as described below. As the user straightens up again away from the abdomen flexion state, the user contracts his orbital spine and pushes the headrest 40 and/or pushes up on the handle 42; this force is hindered by the independently adjustable strut 50. Therefore, the resistance felt by the rectus abdominis and the iliac spine muscles can be independently adjusted.
藉由圖10至圖16展示一經組合運動機器,該經組合運動機器組合具有胸部推舉/坐姿划船、肩部推舉/高位牽拉以及腿部伸展及屈曲模組之藉由圖1至圖9展示之以上所闡述之實施例之旋轉軀幹與腹部前屈模組。10 to 16 show a combined exercise machine having a chest push/sitting rowing, a shoulder press/high pull, and a leg stretching and flexing module illustrated by Figures 1-9. The rotating torso and abdomen flexion module of the embodiment described above.
一胸部推舉/坐姿划船模組包括各自附接至軸頸連接至一垂直支柱62之水平軸60之一對大體垂直臂58;藉助基座10橋接框架12之前面。在每一垂直臂58之頂部處存在一手柄64。一對單向液壓支柱66具有樞轉連接至相對曲柄70之活塞桿68,相對曲柄70經樞轉連接以與臂58一起旋轉。A chest push/seat rowing module includes a pair of generally vertical arms 58 that are each attached to a horizontal axis 60 that is journaled to a vertical post 62; the front face of the frame 12 is bridged by the base 10. A handle 64 is present at the top of each vertical arm 58. A pair of one-way hydraulic struts 66 have piston rods 68 pivotally coupled to opposing cranks 70 that are pivotally coupled to rotate with arms 58.
針對胸部推舉之使用,在臂58之端處,一使用者握住且推動手柄64從而收縮胸大肌,於是臂58繞水平軸60沿一垂直弧向前樞轉以壓縮液壓支柱66中之一者;該等支柱中之另一者不提供阻力。For the use of chest push, at the end of the arm 58, a user holds and pushes the handle 64 to contract the pectoralis major muscle, so that the arm 58 pivots forward about a horizontal axis 60 along a vertical arc to compress the hydraulic strut 66. One; the other of these pillars does not provide resistance.
針對坐姿划船之使用,一使用者握住且牽拉手柄64從而收縮胸小肌/肱三頭肌/前三角肌,於是臂58繞水平軸60沿一垂直弧向後樞轉以壓縮液壓支柱66之另一者;該等支柱中之一者不提供阻力。For the use of sitting rowing, a user grasps and pulls the handle 64 to contract the pectoralis minor muscle/triceps/front deltoid muscle, so that the arm 58 pivots rearward about a horizontal axis 60 along a vertical arc to compress the hydraulic strut 66. The other; one of these pillars does not provide resistance.
獨立地樞轉該等臂且給每一臂提供其自己的具有樞轉連接至相對曲柄(經樞轉連接以與彼臂一起旋轉)之活塞桿之單向液壓支柱對將達成該等臂之單獨使用以沿任一旋轉方向提供獨立阻力。Pivoting the arms independently and providing each arm with its own one-way hydraulic strut pair having a piston rod pivotally coupled to the opposite crank (rotated to rotate with the arm) will achieve the arms Used alone to provide independent resistance in either direction of rotation.
一肩部推舉/高位牽拉模組包括在框架12之後面之一彎曲的經固定的向上延伸部72、74。由相對的C形側板形成之一框架74固定於延 伸部72上方。一搖臂87(以圖10中之虛線指示)位於框架74之下肢內且可繞一水平軸76樞轉。具有抓手80之形狀類似一腳踏車彎把式把手之一把手78包含在88處水平地樞轉連接至框架74之頂部84之一圓形裝設件82。一連結桿86在一個端處樞轉連接至圓形裝設件且在另一端處樞轉連接至搖臂87之一個端。一對單向可獨立調節阻力之液壓支柱90、92之活塞樞轉連接至搖臂87之各別端,從而樞轉連接至樞軸76之任一側。液壓支柱90、92之主體樞轉連接至一向後延伸之框架部件89。A shoulder push/high pull module includes fixed upwardly extending portions 72, 74 that are curved at one of the rear faces of the frame 12. A frame 74 formed by opposing C-shaped side plates is fixed to the extension Above the extension 72. A rocker arm 87 (indicated by the dashed line in FIG. 10) is located within the lower limb of the frame 74 and is pivotable about a horizontal axis 76. The handle 78 having the shape of the gripper 80 is similar to a bicycle handlebar handle 78 including a circular mount 82 that is horizontally pivotally coupled to the top 84 of the frame 74 at 88. A link rod 86 is pivotally coupled to the circular mount at one end and to one end of the rocker arm 87 at the other end. A pair of unidirectional independently adjustable resistance hydraulic pistons 90, 92 are pivotally coupled to respective ends of the rocker arm 87 for pivotal connection to either side of the pivot 76. The body of the hydraulic struts 90, 92 is pivotally coupled to a frame member 89 that extends rearwardly.
在針對肩部推舉運動之使用中,使用者握住且推動手柄78從而收縮三角肌,把手78克服支柱92之阻力而繞水平軸88沿一垂直弧向上旋轉。In use for the shoulder push motion, the user grasps and pushes the handle 78 to contract the deltoid muscle, and the handle 78 overcomes the resistance of the post 92 to rotate upward about the horizontal axis 88 along a vertical arc.
在針對高位牽拉運動之使用中,使用者握住且牽拉手柄78從而收縮背闊肌,把手78克服支柱90之阻力而繞水平軸88沿垂直弧向下旋轉。In use for the high pull motion, the user grasps and pulls the handle 78 to contract the latissimus dorsi, and the handle 78 overcomes the resistance of the post 90 and rotates down the vertical axis 88 along the vertical arc.
一腿部伸展及屈曲模組包括水平地樞轉連接至框架12之前面之一擺臂94。帶襯墊的橫向擱腿槓96及98與擺臂94之前端水平地樞轉連接且一其他帶襯墊的橫向擱腿槓100跨越框架12之前面而水平地固定。一雙臂曲柄102水平地樞轉連接至經固定之向上延伸部72。一推桿104在一個端處樞轉連接至擺臂94且在另一端處樞轉連接至雙臂曲柄102。一對單向液壓支柱106及108具有樞轉連接至雙臂曲柄102之相對端之活塞桿110及112且支柱主體樞轉連接至框架部件89。A leg extension and flexion module includes a swing arm 94 that is horizontally pivotally coupled to a front face of the frame 12. The padded lateral rest bars 96 and 98 are horizontally pivotally coupled to the front end of the swing arm 94 and a further padded lateral rest bar 100 is horizontally secured across the front face of the frame 12. A bell crank 102 is horizontally pivotally coupled to the fixed upward extension 72. A push rod 104 is pivotally coupled to the swing arm 94 at one end and to the bell crank 102 at the other end. A pair of one-way hydraulic struts 106 and 108 have piston rods 110 and 112 pivotally coupled to opposite ends of the bell crank 102 and the strut body is pivotally coupled to the frame member 89.
在針對腿部屈曲運動之使用中,一使用者以膝蓋鉤於橫槓100上方且腳踝穿過橫向槓96與98之間的方式坐在座16上。收縮大腿後肌肉(腿後肌)使小腿克服橫向槓98且克服支柱108之阻力而沿一向下垂直弧繞橫槓100旋轉。In use for leg flexion motion, a user sits on the seat 16 with the knee hooked over the bar 100 and the ankle passing between the transverse bars 96 and 98. The contraction of the thigh muscles (post-legs muscles) causes the calf to overcome the transverse bar 98 and overcome the resistance of the strut 108 to rotate about a downward vertical arc about the bar 100.
在針對腿部伸展運動之使用中,一使用者以膝蓋鉤於橫槓100上方且腳踝穿過擱腿槓96與98之間的方式坐在座16上。收縮股四頭肌使 小腿克服擱腿槓96且克服支柱106之阻力而沿一向上垂直弧繞擱腿槓100旋轉。In use for leg extension exercises, a user sits on the seat 16 with the knee hooked over the bar 100 and the ankle passing between the leg bars 96 and 98. Contraction of the quadriceps The lower leg overcomes the leg rest 96 and overcomes the resistance of the strut 106 to rotate about the eaves bar 100 in an upward vertical arc.
運動機器亦具備一電腦控制之顯示器114。電腦經程式化以顯示一運動常式範圍,該等常式至少規定將使用之運動模組及針對支柱之運動常式適當設置。可提供具有至電腦控制之顯示器之一連結的一使用者生理特性感測器(諸如,一血壓或脈搏監測器)且該電腦控制之顯示器經程式化以監測使用者生理特性且根據其修改一顯示之運動常式。舉例而言,一血壓監測器可經連結用於顯示針對特定運動或若干組運動之與運動強度有關之心率。The sports machine also has a computer controlled display 114. The computer is programmed to display a range of motion routines that at least specify the motion module to be used and the motion routine for the struts. A user physiological characteristic sensor (such as a blood pressure or pulse monitor) coupled to one of the computer controlled displays can be provided and the computer controlled display is programmed to monitor the physiological characteristics of the user and modify one according to The exercise routine is displayed. For example, a blood pressure monitor can be coupled to display a heart rate related to exercise intensity for a particular exercise or groups of exercises.
58‧‧‧垂直臂/臂58‧‧‧Vertical arm/arm
64‧‧‧臂手柄/手柄64‧‧‧arm handle/handle
66‧‧‧單向液壓支柱/液壓支柱66‧‧‧One-way hydraulic props / hydraulic props
68‧‧‧扭轉框架/活塞桿68‧‧‧Twisted frame/piston rod
70‧‧‧相對曲柄70‧‧‧relative crank
72‧‧‧延伸部72‧‧‧Extension
74‧‧‧延伸部/框架74‧‧‧Extension/framework
76‧‧‧水平軸/樞軸76‧‧‧Horizontal axis/pivot
78‧‧‧把手/手柄78‧‧‧Handle/handle
80‧‧‧抓手80‧‧‧Hands
82‧‧‧圓形裝設件82‧‧‧Circular fixtures
84‧‧‧頂部84‧‧‧ top
86‧‧‧連結桿86‧‧‧ Connecting rod
87‧‧‧連結桿87‧‧‧ Connecting rod
89‧‧‧框架部件89‧‧‧Frame parts
90‧‧‧液壓支柱/支柱90‧‧‧Hydraulic pillars/pillars
92‧‧‧液壓支柱/支柱92‧‧‧Hydraulic pillars/pillars
94‧‧‧擺臂94‧‧‧ swing arm
96‧‧‧橫向擱腿槓/橫向槓/擱腿槓96‧‧‧Horizontal leg rest / cross bar / leg rest
98‧‧‧橫向擱腿槓/橫向槓/擱腿槓98‧‧‧Horizontal leg rest / cross bar / leg rest
100‧‧‧垂直軸/橫向擱腿槓/擱腿槓/橫槓100‧‧‧Vertical shaft/lateral legrest bar/stool bar/bar
102‧‧‧雙臂曲柄102‧‧‧Band crank
104‧‧‧推桿104‧‧‧Put
106‧‧‧單向液壓支柱/支柱106‧‧‧One-way hydraulic props/pillars
108‧‧‧單向液壓支柱/支柱108‧‧‧One-way hydraulic props/pillars
114‧‧‧顯示器114‧‧‧Display

Claims (10)

  1. 一種運動機器,其包括:i)一座;ii)阻力構件;iii)一操作部件,其經約束以克服藉由該阻力構件提供之阻力而繞一大體垂直軸沿一大體水平弧移動且克服藉由該阻力構件提供之阻力而繞一大體水平軸沿一大體垂直弧移動;藉此用以提供針對旋轉軀幹運動及腹部前屈運動兩者之旋轉往復移動;其中:a)該大體垂直軸穿過該座之一後邊緣區或在其附近;b)該大體水平軸定位於大體垂直旋轉軸之前面;其特徵在於:iv)該運動機器包括一固定框架及至少五個運動模組,其中每一模組包括:a)一載體,其樞轉連接至該框架;b)雙向流體阻力構件,其在該載體與另一載體或該框架之間起作用;及c)一操作部件,其附接至該載體;該操作部件經適當塑形以由一使用者藉助欲鍛練之肌群來操作。 An exercise machine comprising: i) a set; ii) a resistance member; iii) an operating member constrained to overcome a resistance provided by the resistance member to move along a substantially vertical axis about a major vertical axis and overcome Relating along a major horizontal axis along a major vertical axis by the resistance provided by the resistance member; thereby providing rotational reciprocating movement for both rotational torso motion and abdominal flexion motion; wherein: a) the generally vertical axis is worn Passing over or near a rear edge region of the seat; b) the substantially horizontal axis is positioned before the substantially vertical axis of rotation; characterized in that: iv) the motion machine comprises a fixed frame and at least five motion modules, wherein Each module comprises: a) a carrier pivotally coupled to the frame; b) a bi-directional fluid resistance member acting between the carrier and another carrier or the frame; and c) an operating member Attached to the carrier; the operating member is suitably shaped to be manipulated by a user with the muscle group to be exercised.
  2. 如請求項1之運動機器,其包括一旋轉軀幹模組、一腹部前屈模組、一胸部推舉/坐姿划船模組、一肩部推舉/高位牽拉模組及一腿部伸展及屈曲模組。 The exercise machine of claim 1, comprising a rotating torso module, an abdominal flexion module, a chest pushing/sitting rowing module, a shoulder pushing/high position pulling module, and a leg stretching and flexing mode group.
  3. 如請求項1或2之運動機器,其中該等操作部件包括一把手、手柄或一擱腿槓。 A moving machine according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the operating members comprise a handle, a handle or a restrest.
  4. 如請求項2之運動機器,其中:- i)該旋轉軀幹模組包含一第一該載體可經約束以克服該雙向流體阻力構件而繞該大體垂直軸沿該大體水平弧移動;ii)該腹部前屈模組包含一把手,該把手附接至一第二該載體,該第二載體樞轉連接至該第一載體並可經配置以克服該雙向流體阻力構件而繞該大體水平軸沿該大體垂直弧移動;iii)該胸部推舉/坐姿划船模組包含一對手柄,各該手柄附接至一第三該載體並經配置以克服該雙向流體阻力構件而繞一大體水平軸沿一大體垂直弧移動;iv)該肩部推舉/高位牽拉模組包含一其他把手,該其他把手附接至一第四該載體並可克服該雙向流體阻力構件在一大體垂直平面中移動;及,v)該腿部伸展及屈曲模組包含一擱腿槓,該擱腿槓附接至一第五該載體並可克服該雙向流體阻力構件而繞一大體水平軸沿大體垂直弧旋轉。 As in the motion machine of claim 2, where:- i) the rotating torso module includes a first carrier that is constrained to overcome the bi-directional fluid resistance member to move along the generally horizontal axis about the generally horizontal axis; ii) the abdomen flexion module includes a handle, the handle attached Connected to a second carrier, the second carrier being pivotally coupled to the first carrier and configurable to overcome the bi-directional fluid resistance member to move about the generally horizontal axis about the generally vertical arc; iii) the chest press/ The seated rowing module includes a pair of handles, each of the handles being attached to a third of the carrier and configured to overcome the bi-directional fluid resistance member to move along a generally horizontal arc about a generally horizontal axis; iv) the shoulder press/ The high pull module includes an additional handle attached to a fourth carrier and movable in a substantially vertical plane against the bidirectional fluid resistance member; and v) the leg extension and flexion module includes A leg rest that is attached to a fifth carrier and that is rotatable about a generally horizontal arc about a generally horizontal axis against the bi-directional fluid resistance member.
  5. 如請求項1或2之運動機器,其中藉由包括該阻力構件之可調節液壓或氣動支柱來提供雙向流體阻力。 A moving machine according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the bi-directional fluid resistance is provided by an adjustable hydraulic or pneumatic strut comprising the resistance member.
  6. 如請求項5之運動機器,其中該等可調節液壓或氣動支柱包括相對的可獨立調節之單向支柱。 The exercise machine of claim 5, wherein the adjustable hydraulic or pneumatic struts comprise opposing independently adjustable unidirectional struts.
  7. 如請求項6之運動機器,其中該等可調節液壓或氣動支柱包括成對的相對的可獨立調節之單向支柱。 The exercise machine of claim 6, wherein the adjustable hydraulic or pneumatic strut comprises a pair of opposing independently adjustable one-way struts.
  8. 如請求項5之運動機器,且其具備一顯示器,該顯示器係被一電腦控制。 The motion machine of claim 5, and having a display, the display being controlled by a computer.
  9. 如請求項8之運動機器,其中該電腦經程式化以顯示一運動常式範圍,各該常式至少規定在該常式中欲使用之運動模組及針對在該常式中欲使用之該等可調節支柱之設置。 The exercise machine of claim 8, wherein the computer is programmed to display a range of motion routines, each of the routines specifying at least the motion module to be used in the routine and the one to be used in the routine Adjust the settings of the pillars.
  10. 如請求項8之運動機器,其中一使用者生理特性感測器連結至該電腦控制之顯示器且該電腦控制之顯示器經程式化以監測該使用者生理特性且根據其修改一顯示之運動常式。 The mobile device of claim 8, wherein a user physiological characteristic sensor is coupled to the computer controlled display and the computer controlled display is programmed to monitor the physiological characteristics of the user and modify a display motion routine according to the .
TW102100346A 2012-01-04 2013-01-04 Exercise machines TWI486191B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB1200032.9A GB2498335A (en) 2012-01-04 2012-01-04 A multi use exercise machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
TW201334834A TW201334834A (en) 2013-09-01
TWI486191B true TWI486191B (en) 2015-06-01

Family

ID=45755684

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
TW102100346A TWI486191B (en) 2012-01-04 2013-01-04 Exercise machines

Country Status (10)

Country Link
EP (1) EP2800610B1 (en)
JP (1) JP6067030B2 (en)
KR (1) KR102003580B1 (en)
CN (1) CN105163815B (en)
GB (1) GB2498335A (en)
HK (1) HK1198694A1 (en)
PH (1) PH12014501344A1 (en)
SG (1) SG11201403833RA (en)
TW (1) TWI486191B (en)
WO (1) WO2013102760A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102513625B (en) * 2011-12-23 2013-12-04 清华大学 Electromagnetism driving high-frequency excitation auxiliary wire feeding mechanism for micro electric discharge machining
US9950210B2 (en) * 2014-12-24 2018-04-24 Hoist Fitness Systems, Inc. Leg curl exercise machine including a moving support for performing prone leg curl exercises
US9375599B1 (en) 2015-02-24 2016-06-28 Tee And Ell Weight Lifting And Exercise Enterprises, Inc. Assisted apparatus for lower back exercise
KR101864064B1 (en) 2017-01-06 2018-06-01 구경식 Multi-functional exercise apparatus
RU2683926C2 (en) * 2018-01-09 2019-04-02 Анатолий Степанович Дресвянкин Training device, breathing individual apparatus systems for physically disabled people
CN109847272B (en) * 2018-12-25 2021-03-09 济南力生体育用品有限公司 Collude leg massage training machine
RU2705980C2 (en) * 2019-04-10 2019-11-12 Анатолий Степанович Дресвянкин Training device of das system for people with disabilities
CN112657131A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-04-16 湖南师范大学 Flexibility training equipment for taekwondo
CN112891840A (en) * 2021-01-26 2021-06-04 吉林师范大学 A combination formula sports trainer for belly and shank training

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW200934551A (en) * 2008-02-05 2009-08-16 wen-bin Xu Exercise equipment
CN201431731Y (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-03-31 祺骅股份有限公司 Loading device of leg extension body-building machine
TW201023937A (en) * 2008-12-24 2010-07-01 Cycling & Health Tech Industry R & D Ct Abdomen exercise trainer
CN202028113U (en) * 2011-03-11 2011-11-09 中山盈亮健康科技有限公司 Linkage type multifunctional exercising device
US20110301002A1 (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-12-08 Scott Sebastian Abdominal exercise and training apparatus

Family Cites Families (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NO854632L (en) * 1984-11-27 1986-05-28 Toro Co Exercise machine.
US5928112A (en) * 1987-06-11 1999-07-27 Medx 96, Inc. Machine for exercising and/or testing muscles of the human body
FI87133C (en) * 1989-03-23 1992-12-10 David Fitness & Medical Ltd Oy FOERFARANDE FOER MAETNING AV MUSKLESSFUNKTIONSFOERMAOGA OCH MAET- OCH REHABILITERINGSFOERFARANDE FOER MAETNING AV MUSKLERS FUNKTIONSFOERMAOGA OCH REHABILITERING AV DESSA
JP2508350Y2 (en) * 1990-01-31 1996-08-21 ハラシマ工業株式会社 Body exerciser
US5094449A (en) * 1990-08-07 1992-03-10 Stearns Kenneth W Exercise apparatus for abdominal exercises
US5456644A (en) * 1993-10-20 1995-10-10 Roadmaster Corp. Multiple station exercise machine having relocatable torsion resistance mechanisms
CA2103013A1 (en) 1993-11-12 1995-05-13 Brian Kochan Upper torso rotary exercise device
KR200200705Y1 (en) * 1998-04-17 2001-04-02 서정근 Weight training equipment
US6302833B1 (en) * 2000-01-31 2001-10-16 Northland Industries, Inc. Multi-function exercise machine
CN2414782Y (en) * 2000-04-14 2001-01-17 众成工业股份有限公司 Multifunctional exercising equipment
US6896643B2 (en) * 2002-05-21 2005-05-24 New Eagle Corporation Abdominal exercise machine
CN2586493Y (en) * 2002-12-02 2003-11-19 青岛英派斯(集团)有限公司 Multifunctional combined body-building appts.
DE10319624A1 (en) * 2003-05-02 2004-11-18 Wallner Jun., Josef Exercising apparatus for exercising torso of user, has swing unit which is rotatable about axis corresponding to axis of body of exercising person seated on rigid seat
US7329213B1 (en) * 2004-03-25 2008-02-12 Farley Michael D Exercise machine with compound abdominal movement
JP2006296863A (en) * 2005-04-22 2006-11-02 Zaoba:Kk Hydraulic muscle training machine
JP2006325636A (en) * 2005-05-23 2006-12-07 Senoh Corp Training machine
US7695415B2 (en) * 2005-08-09 2010-04-13 University Of Toledo Trunk rotation
US7374518B2 (en) * 2005-08-16 2008-05-20 Jeffrey Bruce Ratner Collapsible rotary torso exercise machine
IL183968D0 (en) 2007-06-14 2007-10-31 Uri Kleinman Hydraulic powered multi-function exercise apparatus
KR100870720B1 (en) * 2007-09-05 2008-11-27 한국항공대학교산학협력단 Hydraulic physical training apparatus with electrical control
CN101961689A (en) 2009-07-21 2011-02-02 厦门松霖科技有限公司 Luminous kitchen sprinkler

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW200934551A (en) * 2008-02-05 2009-08-16 wen-bin Xu Exercise equipment
TW201023937A (en) * 2008-12-24 2010-07-01 Cycling & Health Tech Industry R & D Ct Abdomen exercise trainer
CN201431731Y (en) * 2009-03-26 2010-03-31 祺骅股份有限公司 Loading device of leg extension body-building machine
US20110301002A1 (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-12-08 Scott Sebastian Abdominal exercise and training apparatus
CN202028113U (en) * 2011-03-11 2011-11-09 中山盈亮健康科技有限公司 Linkage type multifunctional exercising device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP2800610B1 (en) 2018-07-18
JP2015506221A (en) 2015-03-02
HK1198694A1 (en) 2015-05-29
SG11201403833RA (en) 2014-08-28
WO2013102760A1 (en) 2013-07-11
PH12014501344A1 (en) 2014-09-15
CN105163815A (en) 2015-12-16
CN105163815B (en) 2018-02-02
GB201200032D0 (en) 2012-02-15
GB2498335A (en) 2013-07-17
TW201334834A (en) 2013-09-01
KR102003580B1 (en) 2019-07-24
JP6067030B2 (en) 2017-01-25
KR20140114350A (en) 2014-09-26
EP2800610A1 (en) 2014-11-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
TWI486191B (en) Exercise machines
US7594880B2 (en) Self-aligning pivoting seat exercise machine
US7678033B2 (en) Exercise equipment with system to position elastic bands to assist or oppose one another
EP2517758B1 (en) Glute exercise machine with rocking user support
US7311645B1 (en) Abdominal exercise machine
JP2006296863A (en) Hydraulic muscle training machine
JP4478208B1 (en) Exercise assistance device
US20100022362A1 (en) Assisted-exercise apparatus
CN210355822U (en) Multifunctional pull-cord body-building device
JP2006296862A (en) Hydraulic muscle training method and apparatus used therefor
NL1039309C2 (en) Device for training a user's body.
WO1992018204A1 (en) Exercise device
WO2017184841A1 (en) Core exercise machine
US4553747A (en) Rotator cuff machine
CN105582644A (en) Arm strength pushing and pressing exercise equipment
FI127760B (en) Rehabilitation apparatus and its use for exercising the shoulder area
CN201431737Y (en) Exercise equipment
EP2907548B1 (en) Exercise device for strengthening of abdominal muscles
US20130029809A1 (en) Abs-Cycle
CN212347577U (en) Sliding type comprehensive strength trainer
CN208145334U (en) A kind of leg and muscle of back exercising apparatus
CN209060460U (en) A kind of body-building mountain-climbing marking vehicle
CN209123309U (en) A kind of seated row training aids
KR101969283B1 (en) Exercise method and device to preserve ankle and knee joint while exercising upper leg and hip
CN112190870A (en) Multifunctional pull-cord body-building device