TWI355446B - Building ceramic board and incombustible ornament - Google Patents

Building ceramic board and incombustible ornament Download PDF

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Publication number
TWI355446B
TWI355446B TW096144143A TW96144143A TWI355446B TW I355446 B TWI355446 B TW I355446B TW 096144143 A TW096144143 A TW 096144143A TW 96144143 A TW96144143 A TW 96144143A TW I355446 B TWI355446 B TW I355446B
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Taiwan
Prior art keywords
layer
magnesium
decorative wood
glass fiber
ceramic plate
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TW096144143A
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Chinese (zh)
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TW200831750A (en
Inventor
Gil Ho Kang
Kwang Min Kim
Beom Goo Son
Je Min Yu
Yong Gyu Lee
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Lg Chemical Ltd
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Priority to KR1020060115929A priority Critical patent/KR101056699B1/en
Application filed by Lg Chemical Ltd filed Critical Lg Chemical Ltd
Publication of TW200831750A publication Critical patent/TW200831750A/en
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Publication of TWI355446B publication Critical patent/TWI355446B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B1/00Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material
    • B28B1/008Producing shaped prefabricated articles from the material made from two or more materials having different characteristics or properties
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/01Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics
    • C04B35/03Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on magnesium oxide, calcium oxide or oxide mixtures derived from dolomite
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/04Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials of concrete or other stone-like material; of asbestos cement; of cement and other mineral fibres
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups

Description

1355446 九、發明說明 相關申請案之交叉參考 本申請案要求於2006年11月22日申請之韓國專利 申請案200 6- 115 92 9之優先權,其內容整體倂入本文爲參 考。 【發明所屬之技術領域】 本發明係關於一種建築用陶瓷板及不可燃裝飾木質面 板,更特別是關於具有輕的重量、優越之現場裁斷性及不 可燃性之建築用陶瓷板及由基底片(例如以上之陶瓷板) 及藉不可燃黏合劑層以黏合至該基底板之裝飾木材所組成 之裝飾木質面板。 【先前技術】 通常’用來作爲建築內部面板之陶瓷板(例如石膏板 及類似者)是藉著將紙黏至平板狀石膏之雙側以維持結構 體且確保切變強度而製成。因優越之絕熱性及不可燃性, 以上之板已廣泛地作爲建築用之內部材料。然而,以上石 膏板缺點是偶合部分因水分而鬆脫以致結構體易於破碎且 當使用者指甲刮入石膏板時石膏板容易破裂。 爲改良以上問題,韓國專利公開案2004-99709揭示 一種由包含以下步驟之方法所製造之建築用板:混合鈣材 料(例如灰石)與矽材料(例如石英粉末或矽藻土),將 以上混合物連同以鎂爲底質之凝結劑—同攪拌以引起化學 -5- 1355446 鍵結且形成玻璃纖維層於反應物之前後表面上以增加切變 強度。 此外,韓國專利公開案2003-2960揭示一種使用由氧 化鎂粉末及礦物粉末或植物性粉末所組成之原料製造建築 用材料的方法。然而,雖然依以上專利申請案所製造之建 ' 築用材料有改良之防水性及強度,但缺點是板爲沉重的以 * 致彼難以處置且現場裁斷性是差的。 • 日本專利公開案200 1 -279860揭示一種藉以下步驟所 製造之輕重量的不可燃板:添加增黏材料至含氧化鎂之可 溼性無機氧化物中,而後將之攪拌以獲得膏相且使含氣泡 之混合原料充分膨脹,且快速地熱形成該混合的原料。如 上述之輕重量的不可燃板保持於膨脹狀態,其中在板冷卻 後氣泡存於其中。然而’在以上日本申請案中所揭示之方 法問題是難以均勻地分散氣泡於原料中且最終物件之強度 不足。 • 與常用之陶瓷板(例如石膏板)比較時,如上述之以 鎂爲底質之建築用平板元件具有優越之防水性及強度,但 有重量重、現場裁斷性低及尺寸的改變比例大等缺點。 此外,建築物內部最後常用壁材料例如壁紙或壁面板 來完成。作爲此種壁材料,常利用之壁材料爲黏合有木材 切片所得之裝飾木材的石膏板。然而,利用習知裝飾木材 的壁材料之問題是因欲被使用之板之沉重的重量使處置效 能降低且耐熱性又降低以致壁材料易被火焚傷。 1355446 【發明內容】 本發明欲解決上述問題;本發明目的是要提供一種具 有輕重量、優越強度、優越現場裁斷性及不可燃性之陶瓷 板。本發明之另一目的是要提供一種包含不可燃黏合劑層 之裝飾木質面板。 爲達成以上目的,依本發明之陶瓷板包含一包括以鎂 爲底質之無機化合物及輕重量之小片(chip )的核心層; 及形成在該核心層之一或二側表面上之表面層。 在此較佳地,以鎂爲底質之無機化合物是氧化鎂、氯 化鎂或氧化鎂及氯化鎂之混合物且輕重量之小片是用矽烷 偶合劑來表面處理。 較佳地,輕重量之小片是選自膨脹之聚苯乙烯、膨脹 之聚丙烯、膨脹之聚乙烯及氣溶膠顆粒之至少一發泡的小 片且該發泡的小片具有5至70倍之發泡放大率及0.015 至0.05克/立方公分之密度。 依本發明之陶瓷板表面層是經玻璃纖維強化之無機化 合物層,且較佳地,經玻璃纖維強化之無機化合物層是用 玻璃織物浸漬之以鎂爲底質之無機化合物或用以鎂爲底質 之無機化合物塗覆之玻璃纖維織物。 依本發明之裝飾木質面板包含基底片;藉不可燃黏合 劑層黏合至基底片之裝飾木材;及形成在裝飾木材上之紫 外線固化之透明樹脂層。 較佳地,裝飾木質面板之基底片是陶瓷板’其包含一 包括以鎂爲底質之無機化合物及輕重量之小片的核心層; 1355446 及形成在該核心層之一或二側表面上之表面層。 在此,黏合劑層是用含有阻燃劑且以胺基甲酸醋爲底 質之黏合劑、以丙烯酸系爲底質之黏合劑或以環氧樹脂爲 底質之黏合劑所形成,且該阻燃劑選自氫氧化鋁、氫氧化 鎂 '氧化鋁及二氧化矽之至少一者。 放出負離子之材料被添加至選自黏合劑層及固化樹脂 層之至少一者,且該放出負離子之材料是選自電氣石、奇 右石(kiyoseki)及稀土礦物之一者。 特定具體表現之描述 在下文中,本發明之較佳具體表現將參考所附之圖示 以更詳細地說明。 如圖1所說明的,依本發明之陶瓷板包含一包括以鎂 爲底質之無機化合物及輕重量之小片121的核心層120; 及形成在該核心層之二側表面上之上方及下方表面層110 、1 3 0。另一方面,表面層可以僅形成在該核心層之一側 表面上。 在依本發明之陶瓷板核心層中所含之以鎂爲底質之無 機化合物並未特別限制。利用氧化鎂、氯化鎂或氧化鎂及 氯化鎂之混合物,較佳是利用氧化鎂或氧化鎂及氯化鎂之 混合物。較佳地,在以上混合物中,相對於100重量份之 氧化鎂,氯化鎂之含量是50至150重量份。然而,本發 明不限於此。 本發明之陶瓷板核心層除了以鎂爲底質之無機化合物 -8 - 1355446 之外另外還包含輕重量之小片。藉合適地添加輕重量之小 片,可能防止陶瓷板強度降低且減低陶瓷板重量。較佳地 ,輕重量之小片的含量相對於整個核心層是20至60體積 %及1 .0至1〇重量%。然而,本發明不限於此。若輕重量 之小片的含量低於20體積%或1 ·〇重量%,則陶瓷板重量 - 可能沒有降低,且若輕重量之小片之含量超過60體積% . 或1 0重量%,則當輕重量之小片與核心層混合時核心層 φ 會變形且不可能獲得所要之陶瓷板強度。 在本發明中,輕重量之小片較佳是用矽烷偶合劑來表 面處理。藉表面處理輕重量之小片,在核心層中無機化合 物及輕重量小片間或在施加至核心層外部之玻璃纖維強化 之無機化合物及輕重量之小片間的偶合力可被加強。任何 在此領域中常用者可以無限制地被利用以作爲矽烷偶合劑 。然而,較佳地利用例如以胺爲底質 > 矽烷偶合劑或以丙 烯酸系爲底質之矽烷偶合劑。 φ 以胺爲底質之矽烷偶合劑之較佳實例是T -胺基丙基 三乙氧基矽烷、r - (2-胺基乙基)-胺基丙基三甲氧基矽 烷、r - ( 2-胺基乙基)-胺基丙基甲基二甲氧基矽烷、或 r-苯胺基丙基三甲氧基矽烷、及類似者,且以丙烯酸系 爲底質之矽烷偶合劑之較佳實例是r -甲基丙烯氧基丙基 三甲氧基矽烷或r-甲基丙烯氧基丙基二甲氧基矽烷及類 似者。然而,本發明不限於此。 作爲用矽烷偶合劑表面處理輕重量之小片的方法,在 本發明相關領域中常用之方法可被使用。例如可以提及噴 -9- 1355446 霧塗覆之方法或浸漬塗覆之方法,但本發明不限於此。 輕重量之小片之形狀不特別限制,輕重量之小片可以 有不同之形狀,例如球形及類似者或可以使用不定形之輕 重量之小片。此外,若輕重量之小片的尺寸小於核心層之 厚度,則輕重量之小片的尺寸即不特別限制。然而鑒於陶 瓷板之強度,輕重量之小片的尺寸較佳在0·1至3.0毫米 範圍內。若輕重量小片之尺寸低於0.1毫米,則難以降低 陶瓷板之重量,且若輕重量之小片之尺寸在3.0毫米以上 ,則陶瓷板之強度可被降低。 作爲輕重量之小片,任何常用於本發明相關領域中者 可以無限制地使用。然而,較佳使用選自膨脹之聚苯乙烯 、膨脹之聚丙烯、膨脹之聚乙烯及氣溶膠顆粒之至少一發 泡的小片以作爲輕重量之小片。雖然不被特別限制,發泡 之小片較佳具有5至70倍之發泡放大率及0.015至0.05 克/立方公分之密度。若發泡放大率超過70倍或密度低 於0.0 I5克/立方公分,則有最終陶瓷板之強度可被降低 之問題。相反地,若發泡放大率低於1 5倍或密度超過 〇·〇5克/立方公分,則有陶瓷板重量無法充分地降低之問 題。 只要添加劑不影響本發明之效果,可以合適地添加一 或多種選自木質粉末、珍珠岩、發泡劑及固化控制劑之添 加劑至本發明之陶瓷板之核心層。 在本發明之陶瓷板中,表面層較佳是經玻璃纖維強化 之無機化合物層。較佳地,用玻璃纖維織物浸漬之以鎂爲 -10- 1355446 底質之無機化合物或用以鎂爲底質之無機化合物塗覆之玻 璃纖維織物可用以作爲玻璃纖維強化之無機化合物層。 作爲玻璃纖維織物,任何本發明相關領域中常用者可 無限制地使用。然而,玻璃纖維織物較佳是玻璃纖維之紡 織織物、玻璃纖維之不織織物或玻璃纖維之紡織織物與不 織織物之組合物。較佳地,玻璃纖維每平方公尺具有20 . 至200克之質量(20至200克/平方公尺)。若玻璃纖 φ 維之質量每公尺超過200克,則有陶瓷板重量無法充分降 低之問題。 在經玻璃纖維強化之無機化合物中所用之以鎂爲底質 之無機化合物較佳是氧化鎂、氯化鎂或氧化鎂與氯化鎂之 混合物。更佳地,以鎂爲底質之無機化合物是氧化鎂或氧 化鎂與氯化鎂之混合物。此外,鑒於加強陶瓷板之強度, 可以合適地添加一或多種選自木質粉末、波來鐵、發泡劑 、及固化控制劑之添加劑至以鎂爲底質之無機化合物。 φ 陶瓷板之厚度不需限制且可以依照依本發明之陶瓷板 所應用之領域以自合適範圍中選擇。然而,陶瓷板之厚度 較佳是在3至15毫米之範圍內。此外,由紡織織物所組 成之紡織織物層可以另外地附加在本發明之陶瓷板之一表 面或二表面上。藉附加紡織織物層至陶瓷板,陶瓷板之強 度或陶瓷板與其他內部材料間之偶合強度可被增加且可以 加強裝飾效果。 本發明之建築用陶瓷板可以藉本發明相關領域中已常 用之方法來製造。在以下,參考圖2說明該方法之一實例 -11 - 1355446 以鎂爲底質之無機化合物及輕重量之小片一起或以鎂 爲底質之無機化合物單獨與水捏合以製備核心層之原料 203及表面層之原料202。而後,表面層之原料202被層 合或塗覆在平板狀之模301上,玻璃纖維織物20 1層合在 表面層原料202上且玻璃纖維織物201及表面層之原料 2 02藉滾筒3 1 1加壓以形成表面層。隨後,核心層之原料 2〇3層合或塗覆在表面層上且核心層之原料203及表面層 藉滾筒3 12加壓以形成核心層。而後,玻璃纖維織物204 及表面層原料202順序地被層合在核心層上,玻璃纖維織 物204及表面層原料202而後藉滾筒313加壓以致可以製 造本發明之陶瓷板。 在本發明之陶瓷板之製造方法中,可以在用於形成表 面層之製程之前及/或之後,加上用於層合紡織織物的製 程。此外,藉著用以鎂爲底質之無機化合物浸漬或塗覆玻 璃纖維織物所製造之經玻璃纖維強化之無機化合物片可用 以作爲表面層。在本發明之陶瓷板製造方法中,可以利用 連續方法或分批方法之任一者。 在本發明之陶瓷板之製造方法中,可以另外進行溢滿 時效(inundation aging)製程以抑制因過度時效所造成 之裂痕及傳遞製造方法中所含之有害成分。 依本發明之裝飾木質面板包含一基底片;藉不可燃黏 合劑層黏合至該基底片之裝飾木材:及形成在該木材上之 紫外光固化之透明樹脂層。在以下,本發明之裝飾木質面 -12- 1355446 板參考圖3以更詳細地描述。 可以無限制地利用具有不可燃性之無機板以作爲依本 發明之裝飾木質面板之基底片400,且鎂板、水泥板或陶 瓷板例如石膏板可列入以作爲此種板之實例。然而,較佳 利用本發明之陶瓷板以作爲基底片。藉利用本發明之陶瓷 板,可能加強裝飾木質面板之不可燃性。 本發明之裝飾木質面板之黏合劑層401具有不可燃性 ,可以藉包含阻燃劑於黏合劑而獲得此種不可然黏合劑層 。作爲以上之黏合劑,在本發明相關領域中常用之黏合劑 可以無限制地使用。較佳地,以胺基甲酸酯爲底質之黏合 劑、以丙烯酸系爲底質之黏合劑或以環氧基爲底質之黏合 劑被用來作爲黏合劑。在黏合劑中所含之阻燃劑不特別限 定。然而,較佳使用選自氫氧化鋁、氫氧化鎂、氧化鋁及 二氧化矽之至少一者以作爲阻燃劑。 雖然未特別限定,阻燃劑之含量相對於1 〇〇重量份之 黏合劑較佳是20至50重量份。若阻然劑之含量低於20 重量%,則不可燃性可能不足。若阻燃劑之含量超過5 0 重量份’則有黏合劑黏合力可能被降低之問題。 在此領域中已常用之天然裝飾木片可被使用以作爲本 發明之裝飾木質面板中所用之裝飾木質層402。該木片可 以藉著將木材切成薄片而製造。雖然未特別限定,裝飾木 質層之厚度較佳是0.2至0.5毫米。 在本發明之裝飾木質面板中,在此領域中已常用之任 何材料可被無限制地使用以形成經紫外光固化之透明樹脂 -13- 1355446 層403。通常’形成經紫外光固化之透明樹脂層用之材料 的不可燃性是差的’因此該紫外光固化之樹脂層有利地盡 可能形成的很薄。例如,經紫外光固化之透明樹脂層的厚 度較佳低於0_3毫米’然而本發明不限於此。並且,經紫 外光固化之樹脂層403的厚度的下限不特別限定,但該經 紫外光固化之樹脂層的厚度較佳是〇.〇1毫米或更高。 在本發明之裝飾木質面板中,可以添加放出負離子之 材料於黏合劑層401中及/或經紫外光固化之透明樹脂層 403中。因有放出負離子之材料,本發明之裝飾木質面板 可以放出如天然森林所放出者一樣多的負離子。 可以利用能放出負離子之任一材料以作爲放出負離子 之材料而無限制。雖然未特別限定,較佳利用選自電氣石 、奇右石及稀土礦物之一者以作爲放出負離子之材料。雖 然’放出負離子之材料含量相對於100重量份之黏合劑層 或經紫外光固化之透明樹脂層或黏合劑層及經紫外光固化 之透明樹脂層,是10至30重量份。 可以藉此領域中已常用之方法來製造本發明之裝飾木 質面板。雖然並未特別限制,製造木質面板之方法之一方 面係如下。 亦即,製備基底片、裝飾木材、不可燃黏合劑及經紫 外光固化之樹脂組成物,且該基底片及該裝飾木材經由不 可燃黏合劑彼此黏合。隨後,黏至基底片之裝飾木材用經 紫外光固化之樹脂組成物來塗覆,而後被固化以完成裝飾 木質面板。 -14- 1355446 在以下,本發明經由依本發明之實例及依常用技藝之 比較性實例來更詳細地描述。然而,本發明不限於以下實 例。 【實施方式】 實例1 用於形成表面層之原料的製備 均勻混合10公斤氧化鎂、10公斤氯化鎂及4公斤水 以製備用於形成表面層之以鎂爲底質的化合物混合物。在 此時,10公斤氧化鎂及10公斤氯化鎂之混合物體積是10 公升。 用於形成核心層之原料的製備 2 5 0克之不定形膨脹之聚苯乙烯小片(即發泡之小片 ,其具有0.03克/立方公分之密度及0·01至3.0毫米之 直徑)被添加至6公斤之用於形成表面層之原料。而後, 均勻混合二材料以製備用於形成核心層之原料。在此時, 250克之膨脹之聚苯乙烯之體積是4.5公升。 陶瓷板之製備 用於形成表面層之原料施加在塑膠基底片上以成3.0 毫米之厚度,每平方公尺之單位質量爲50克之玻璃纖維 之不織織物被層合在用於形成表面層之原料上。隨後,玻 璃纖維之不織織物及用於形成表面層之原料藉加壓滾筒來 -15- 1355446 加壓以形成表面層。隨後,用於形成核心層之原料被施加 在表面層上以成8.0毫米之厚度。用於形成核心層之原料 而後藉加壓滾筒被加壓以形成核心層。每平方公尺之單位 質量爲50克之玻璃纖維之不織織物被層合在核心層上, 且用於形成表面層之原料被施加在玻璃纖維之不織織物上 以成1.0毫米之厚度。而後,藉加壓滚筒形成平坦化之表 面層以完成具有9.0毫米厚度之陶瓷板。 以上陶瓷板在40°C溫度下時效24小時,而後在50°C 之溫度下乾燥3日。隨後,以上陶瓷板在大氣下時效3日 。如以上所製備之陶瓷板切成450公分X4 50公分尺寸之 陶瓷板單元且測量陶瓷板單元之性質。 實例2 陶瓷板藉實質相同於實例1中之方法製備,除了利用 用於形成核心層之原料,此原料係藉添加50克之膨脹之 珍珠岩、用以胺爲底質之矽烷表面處理之膨脹的聚丙烯及 250克之不定形之膨脹的聚苯乙烯小片(其具有0.02克/ 立方公分之密度及0.01至3.0毫米之直徑)至6公斤之 於實例1中所製備之用於形成表面層之原料,而後將彼均 勻混合而獲得,且另外層合玻璃纖維之紡織織物於玻璃纖 維之不織織物內側以加強強度。 實例3 黏合劑組成物之製備 -16- 1355446 3 00克之作爲阻燃劑之氫氧化鋁被添加至1公斤之含 t溶性聚胺基甲酸酯樹脂作爲主要成分之黏合劑中,且二 材料用真空捏合機來均勻混合以製備1.2公斤之黏合劑組 成物。 裝飾木質面板 已上市且具有厚度4.0毫米及每平方公尺1.0克質量 之鎂板經由棒式塗覆機塗覆以上黏合劑,厚度0.2毫米之 裝飾木材原料而後經由冷加壓方法層合至鎂板。隨後,裝 飾木材原料層用含有聚胺基甲酸酯樹脂作爲主要成分之經 紫外光固化之樹脂組成物塗覆以成厚度0.2毫米,而後固 化以製備裝飾木質面板。 實例4 藉實質相同於實例3中之方法製備裝飾木質面板’除 了另外添加20克之作爲放出負離子之材料的電氣石至黏 合劑組成物。 實例5 藉實質相同於實例3之方法製備裝飾木質面板’除了 利用依照實例1之陶瓷板以代替鎂板。 實例6 藉實質相同於實例3之方法製備裝飾木質面板’除了 -17- 1355446 利用依照實例2之陶瓷板以代替鎂板。 實例7 藉實質相同於實例4之方法製備裝飾木質面板,除了 利用依照實例1之陶瓷板以代替鎂板β 實例8 藉實質相同於實例4之方法製備裝飾木質面板,除了 利用依照實例2之陶瓷板以代替鎂板。 比較性實例1 藉實質相同於實例3之方法製備裝飾木質面板,除了 經紫外光固化之樹脂層厚度爲0.5毫米。 比較性實例2 • 藉實質相同於實例3之方法製備裝飾木質面板,除了 在黏合劑中沒有利用阻燃劑。 經由以下方法測量依實例1至8及比較性實例1與2 所得之裝飾木質面板,以及已上市之鎂板及石膏板等之性 質。 1 .螺絲挾持力 經由韓國工業標準(KS)之Article F2214中所規定 之測試方法測量依實例1及2所製備之板及已上市之板的 -18- 1355446 螺絲挾持力。 2. 彎曲強度 經由韓國工業標準(KS)之Article F2263中所規定 之測試方法測量依實例1及2所製備之板及已上市之板的 彎曲強度。 3. 密度 經由韓國工業標準(KS)之Article F2518中所規定 之測試方法測量依實例1及2所製備之板及已上市之板的 密度。 4.尺寸安定性 經由韓國工業標準(KS)之Article M3 8 02中所規定 之測試方法測量依實例1及2所製備之板及已上市之板的 尺寸安定性。 5. 不可燃性 經由韓國工業標準(KS)之Article F22 7 1中所規定 之測試方法測量依實例1及8和比較性實例1及2所製備 之板及已上市之板的不可燃性。 6. 外觀之評估 基於以下標準評估依實例3及8所製備之板的外觀及 -19- 1355446 依照比較性實例1及2之板的外觀。 〇:面板之天然裝飾木材之外表面的圖形可用肉眼自 然地辨識。 X:因表面塗層及類似者,面板之天然裝飾木材之外 表面的圖形無法用肉眼自然地辨識。。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a ceramic panel for construction and a non-combustible decorative wood panel, and more particularly to a ceramic panel for construction and a substrate sheet having light weight, superior on-site cutting property and non-combustibility. (For example, the above ceramic plate) and a decorative wood panel composed of a non-combustible adhesive layer to be bonded to the decorative wood of the base plate. [Prior Art] Generally, ceramic plates (e.g., gypsum boards and the like) used as a building interior panel are made by adhering paper to both sides of a flat gypsum to maintain the structure and ensure shear strength. Due to its superior thermal insulation and non-flammability, the above boards have been widely used as internal materials for construction. However, the above-mentioned plaster board has a drawback in that the coupling portion is loosened by moisture so that the structure is easily broken and the gypsum board is easily broken when the user's nail is scraped into the gypsum board. In order to improve the above problem, Korean Patent Publication No. 2004-99709 discloses a building board manufactured by a method comprising the steps of: mixing a calcium material (for example, limestone) with a tantalum material (for example, quartz powder or diatomaceous earth), The mixture, together with a magnesium-based coagulant, was stirred to cause chemical-5-1355446 bonding and a glass fiber layer was formed on the back surface of the reactants to increase the shear strength. Further, Korean Patent Publication No. 2003-2960 discloses a method of producing a building material using a raw material composed of a magnesium oxide powder and a mineral powder or a vegetable powder. However, although the building materials manufactured according to the above patent application have improved water repellency and strength, the disadvantage is that the board is heavy so that it is difficult to handle and the field cutting property is poor. • Japanese Patent Publication No. 2001-279860 discloses a light weight non-combustible sheet manufactured by adding a tackifying material to a wettable inorganic oxide containing magnesium oxide, and then stirring it to obtain a paste phase and The bubble-containing mixed raw material is sufficiently expanded, and the mixed raw material is rapidly formed by heat. The light weight non-combustible sheet as described above is maintained in an expanded state in which bubbles are stored after the sheet is cooled. However, the method disclosed in the above Japanese application is that it is difficult to uniformly disperse bubbles in the raw material and the strength of the final article is insufficient. • Compared with commonly used ceramic plates (such as gypsum board), the above-mentioned magnesium-based flat panel elements have superior water resistance and strength, but have heavy weight, low on-site cutting and large proportion change in size. And so on. In addition, the last common wall material inside the building, such as a wallpaper or wall panel, is used. As such a wall material, a wall material which is often used is a gypsum board to which decorative wood obtained by wood chipping is bonded. However, the problem of using the wall material of the conventional decorative wood is that the heavy weight of the board to be used lowers the handling effect and the heat resistance is lowered so that the wall material is easily burned by fire. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a ceramic board having light weight, superior strength, superior field cutting property and nonflammability. Another object of the present invention is to provide a decorative wood panel comprising a layer of non-combustible adhesive. In order to achieve the above object, a ceramic plate according to the present invention comprises a core layer comprising a magnesium-based inorganic compound and a light weight chip; and a surface layer formed on one or both side surfaces of the core layer . Preferably, the inorganic compound based on magnesium is magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride or a mixture of magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride and the light weight tablets are surface treated with a decane coupling agent. Preferably, the light weight tablet is at least one foamed piece selected from the group consisting of expanded polystyrene, expanded polypropylene, expanded polyethylene, and aerosol particles and the foamed tablet has 5 to 70 times the hair. Bubble magnification and density from 0.015 to 0.05 g/cm 3 . The surface layer of the ceramic plate according to the present invention is a glass fiber-reinforced inorganic compound layer, and preferably, the glass fiber-reinforced inorganic compound layer is a magnesium-based inorganic compound impregnated with a glass fabric or used for magnesium. A semi-organic inorganic compound coated glass fiber fabric. The decorative wood panel according to the present invention comprises a base sheet; decorative wood adhered to the base sheet by a non-combustible adhesive layer; and an ultraviolet-cured transparent resin layer formed on the decorative wood. Preferably, the base sheet of the decorative wood panel is a ceramic plate comprising a core layer comprising a magnesium-based inorganic compound and a light weight small piece; 1355446 and formed on one or both side surfaces of the core layer. Surface layer. Here, the adhesive layer is formed by using a binder containing a flame retardant and using an amino carboxylic acid vinegar as a substrate, an acrylic-based adhesive, or an epoxy-based adhesive. The flame retardant is selected from at least one of aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide 'alumina, and cerium oxide. The material for discharging the negative ions is added to at least one selected from the group consisting of a binder layer and a cured resin layer, and the material for discharging the negative ions is one selected from the group consisting of tourmaline, kiyoseki, and rare earth minerals. DESCRIPTION OF SPECIFIC PERFORMANCE OF THE INVENTION In the following, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. As illustrated in Fig. 1, the ceramic plate according to the present invention comprises a core layer 120 comprising a magnesium-based inorganic compound and a light weight plate 121; and is formed above and below the two side surfaces of the core layer. Surface layer 110, 1 30. On the other hand, the surface layer may be formed only on one side surface of the core layer. The magnesium-based inorganic compound contained in the core layer of the ceramic plate according to the present invention is not particularly limited. A mixture of magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride or magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride is preferably used, or magnesium oxide or a mixture of magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride. Preferably, in the above mixture, the content of magnesium chloride is 50 to 150 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of magnesium oxide. However, the present invention is not limited to this. The ceramic plate core layer of the present invention comprises, in addition to the magnesium-based inorganic compound -8 - 1355446, a light weight tablet. By suitably adding light weight tablets, it is possible to prevent the strength of the ceramic plate from being lowered and the weight of the ceramic plate to be reduced. Preferably, the light weight tablet is present in an amount of from 20 to 60% by volume and from 1.0 to 1% by weight relative to the entire core layer. However, the invention is not limited thereto. If the content of light weight small pieces is less than 20% by volume or 1% by weight, the weight of the ceramic plate may not decrease, and if the content of light weight pieces exceeds 60% by volume or 10% by weight, then When the weight piece is mixed with the core layer, the core layer φ is deformed and it is impossible to obtain the desired ceramic plate strength. In the present invention, light weight tablets are preferably surface treated with a decane coupling agent. By surface treatment of light weight tablets, the coupling force between the inorganic compound and the light weight plate or between the glass fiber reinforced inorganic compound applied to the outside of the core layer and the light weight plate can be enhanced in the core layer. Anyone who is commonly used in this field can be utilized without limitation as a decane coupling agent. However, it is preferred to use, for example, a decane coupling agent having an amine as a base > a decane coupling agent or an acrylic acid based substrate. Preferred examples of φ alkane coupling agent based on an amine are T-aminopropyltriethoxydecane, r-(2-aminoethyl)-aminopropyltrimethoxydecane, r - ( 2-aminoethyl)-aminopropylmethyldimethoxydecane, or r-anilinopropyltrimethoxydecane, and the like, and preferably an acrylic based decane coupling agent Examples are r-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxydecane or r-methylpropoxypropyldimethoxydecane and the like. However, the invention is not limited thereto. As a method of surface-treating a light weight tablet with a decane coupling agent, a method commonly used in the field of the present invention can be used. For example, a method of spray coating -9- 1355446 or a method of dip coating may be mentioned, but the invention is not limited thereto. The shape of the light weight small piece is not particularly limited, and the light weight small piece may have a different shape such as a spherical shape and the like or an amorphous light weight small piece may be used. Further, if the size of the light weight small piece is smaller than the thickness of the core layer, the size of the light weight small piece is not particularly limited. However, in view of the strength of the ceramic plate, the size of the light weight small piece is preferably in the range of 0.1 to 3.0 mm. If the size of the light weight piece is less than 0.1 mm, it is difficult to reduce the weight of the ceramic plate, and if the size of the light weight piece is 3.0 mm or more, the strength of the ceramic plate can be lowered. As a light weight tablet, any of those commonly used in the field of the present invention can be used without limitation. However, it is preferred to use a small piece of at least one foam selected from the group consisting of expanded polystyrene, expanded polypropylene, expanded polyethylene, and aerosol particles as a light weight tablet. Although not particularly limited, the foamed pellet preferably has a foaming magnification of 5 to 70 times and a density of 0.015 to 0.05 g/cm 3 . If the foaming magnification exceeds 70 times or the density is less than 0.01 I5 g/cm 3 , there is a problem that the strength of the final ceramic plate can be lowered. On the contrary, if the foaming magnification is less than 15 times or the density exceeds 〇·〇5 g/cm 3 , there is a problem that the weight of the ceramic plate cannot be sufficiently lowered. As long as the additive does not affect the effects of the present invention, one or more additives selected from the group consisting of wood powder, perlite, a foaming agent and a curing controlling agent may be suitably added to the core layer of the ceramic board of the present invention. In the ceramic board of the present invention, the surface layer is preferably a glass fiber-reinforced inorganic compound layer. Preferably, a glass fiber fabric impregnated with a glass fiber fabric and having an inorganic compound of magnesium -10- 1355446 or an inorganic compound coated with magnesium as a substrate can be used as a glass fiber reinforced inorganic compound layer. As the glass fiber fabric, any person who is commonly used in the related art of the present invention can be used without limitation. However, the glass fiber fabric is preferably a combination of a glass fiber woven fabric, a glass fiber woven fabric or a glass fiber woven fabric and a non-woven fabric. Preferably, the glass fibers have a mass of from 20 to 200 grams per square meter (20 to 200 grams per square meter). If the mass of the glass fiber φ dimension exceeds 200 grams per meter, there is a problem that the weight of the ceramic plate cannot be sufficiently reduced. The magnesium-based inorganic compound used in the glass fiber-reinforced inorganic compound is preferably magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride or a mixture of magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride. More preferably, the inorganic compound based on magnesium is magnesium oxide or a mixture of magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride. Further, in view of the strength of the reinforced ceramic plate, one or more additives selected from the group consisting of wood powder, wander iron, a foaming agent, and a curing control agent may be suitably added to the inorganic compound which is based on magnesium. The thickness of the φ ceramic plate is not limited and can be selected from a suitable range in accordance with the field to which the ceramic plate according to the present invention is applied. However, the thickness of the ceramic plate is preferably in the range of 3 to 15 mm. Further, a woven fabric layer composed of a woven fabric may be additionally attached to one or both surfaces of the ceramic plate of the present invention. By attaching the woven fabric layer to the ceramic plate, the strength of the ceramic plate or the coupling strength between the ceramic plate and other internal materials can be increased and the decorative effect can be enhanced. The ceramic board for construction of the present invention can be produced by a method which has been conventionally used in the related art of the present invention. In the following, an example of the method is described with reference to Fig. 2 - 1355446. A magnesium-based inorganic compound and a light weight small piece or a magnesium-based inorganic compound are separately kneaded with water to prepare a core layer of the raw material 203. And the raw material 202 of the surface layer. Then, the raw material 202 of the surface layer is laminated or coated on the flat mold 301, the glass fiber fabric 20 1 is laminated on the surface layer raw material 202, and the raw material of the glass fiber fabric 201 and the surface layer is transported by the roller 3 1 1 Pressurize to form a surface layer. Subsequently, the raw material of the core layer is laminated or coated on the surface layer and the raw material 203 and the surface layer of the core layer are pressurized by the drum 3 12 to form a core layer. Then, the glass fiber fabric 204 and the surface layer material 202 are sequentially laminated on the core layer, the glass fiber fabric 204 and the surface layer material 202 are then pressurized by the roller 313 so that the ceramic plate of the present invention can be produced. In the method of manufacturing a ceramic board of the present invention, a process for laminating a woven fabric may be added before and/or after the process for forming the surface layer. Further, a glass fiber reinforced inorganic compound sheet produced by impregnating or coating a glass fiber fabric with a magnesium-based inorganic compound can be used as the surface layer. In the method for producing a ceramic plate of the present invention, either a continuous method or a batch method can be utilized. In the method for producing a ceramic plate of the present invention, an inundation aging process may be additionally performed to suppress cracks caused by excessive aging and to transmit harmful components contained in the production method. The decorative wood panel according to the present invention comprises a base sheet; decorative wood adhered to the base sheet by a non-combustible adhesive layer: and an ultraviolet-curable transparent resin layer formed on the wood. In the following, the decorative wood surface -12-1355446 plate of the present invention is described in more detail with reference to Figure 3. An inorganic sheet having non-combustibility can be utilized without limitation as the base sheet 400 of the decorative wood panel according to the present invention, and a magnesium sheet, a cement board or a ceramic board such as a gypsum board can be listed as an example of such a board. However, the ceramic plate of the present invention is preferably used as a substrate sheet. By using the ceramic board of the present invention, it is possible to enhance the nonflammability of the decorative wood panel. The adhesive layer 401 of the decorative wood panel of the present invention is non-flammable, and the non-flammable agent layer can be obtained by including a flame retardant in the adhesive. As the above adhesive, a binder which is commonly used in the field of the present invention can be used without limitation. Preferably, a urethane-based binder, an acrylic-based binder or an epoxy-based binder is used as the binder. The flame retardant contained in the binder is not particularly limited. However, it is preferred to use at least one selected from the group consisting of aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, aluminum oxide and cerium oxide as a flame retardant. Although not particularly limited, the content of the flame retardant is preferably 20 to 50 parts by weight based on 1 part by weight of the binder. If the content of the inhibitor is less than 20% by weight, the nonflammability may be insufficient. If the content of the flame retardant exceeds 50 parts by weight, the adhesive adhesion may be lowered. Natural decorative wood chips which are commonly used in the art can be used as the decorative wood layer 402 used in the decorative wood panel of the present invention. The chips can be made by cutting the wood into thin slices. Although not particularly limited, the thickness of the decorative wood layer is preferably from 0.2 to 0.5 mm. In the decorative wood panel of the present invention, any material conventionally used in the art can be used without limitation to form a UV-curable transparent resin -13 - 1355446 layer 403. Generally, the non-flammability of the material for forming the ultraviolet-curable transparent resin layer is poor. Therefore, the ultraviolet-curable resin layer is advantageously formed as thin as possible. For example, the thickness of the ultraviolet-curable transparent resin layer is preferably less than 0 - 3 mm', however, the invention is not limited thereto. Further, the lower limit of the thickness of the ultraviolet-curable resin layer 403 is not particularly limited, but the thickness of the ultraviolet-curable resin layer is preferably 〇1 mm or more. In the decorative wood panel of the present invention, a material for discharging negative ions may be added to the adhesive layer 401 and/or the ultraviolet-curable transparent resin layer 403. The decorative wood panel of the present invention can release as many negative ions as those released by natural forests due to the material that emits negative ions. Any material capable of releasing negative ions can be utilized as a material for discharging negative ions without limitation. Although not particularly limited, it is preferred to use one selected from the group consisting of tourmaline, odd rock, and rare earth minerals as a material for discharging negative ions. The content of the negative ion-releasing material is 10 to 30 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the adhesive layer or the ultraviolet-curable transparent resin layer or the adhesive layer and the ultraviolet-curable transparent resin layer. The decorative wood panel of the present invention can be manufactured by methods conventionally used in the art. Although not particularly limited, one of the methods of manufacturing a wood panel is as follows. That is, a base sheet, a decorative wood, a non-flammable adhesive, and an ultraviolet-curable resin composition are prepared, and the base sheet and the decorative wood are bonded to each other via a non-combustible adhesive. Subsequently, the decorative wood adhered to the base sheet is coated with a UV-curable resin composition and then cured to complete the decorative wood panel. -14- 1355446 In the following, the invention is described in more detail by way of examples according to the invention and comparative examples of common techniques. However, the present invention is not limited to the following examples. [Examples] Example 1 Preparation of raw materials for forming a surface layer 10 kg of magnesium oxide, 10 kg of magnesium chloride and 4 kg of water were uniformly mixed to prepare a magnesium-based compound mixture for forming a surface layer. At this time, the volume of the mixture of 10 kg of magnesium oxide and 10 kg of magnesium chloride was 10 liters. Preparation of Raw Material for Forming Core Layer 250 grams of amorphous expanded polystyrene pellets (i.e., foamed pellets having a density of 0.03 g/cm 3 and a diameter of from 0.01 to 3.0 mm) were added to 6 kg of the raw material used to form the surface layer. Then, the two materials are uniformly mixed to prepare a raw material for forming a core layer. At this time, the volume of 250 g of expanded polystyrene was 4.5 liters. The ceramic sheet is prepared by applying a material for forming a surface layer to a plastic substrate sheet to a thickness of 3.0 mm, and a non-woven fabric of glass fiber having a unit mass of 50 g per square meter is laminated on a material for forming a surface layer. on. Subsequently, the non-woven fabric of the glass fiber and the material for forming the surface layer were pressed by a pressure roller to -15 - 1355446 to form a surface layer. Subsequently, the material for forming the core layer was applied to the surface layer to a thickness of 8.0 mm. The raw material for forming the core layer is then pressurized by a pressure roller to form a core layer. A non-woven fabric of glass fiber having a unit mass of 50 g per square meter was laminated on the core layer, and a raw material for forming the surface layer was applied to the nonwoven fabric of the glass fiber to have a thickness of 1.0 mm. Then, a flattened surface layer was formed by a pressure roller to complete a ceramic plate having a thickness of 9.0 mm. The above ceramic plate was aged at 40 ° C for 24 hours and then dried at 50 ° C for 3 days. Subsequently, the above ceramic plates were aged for 3 days in the atmosphere. The ceramic plate prepared as above was cut into a ceramic plate unit of 450 cm X 4 50 cm in size and the properties of the ceramic plate unit were measured. Example 2 A ceramic plate was prepared in substantially the same manner as in Example 1, except that the raw material used to form the core layer was expanded by adding 50 g of expanded perlite to the surface treatment of the amine as the substrate. Polypropylene and 250 g of amorphous expanded polystyrene pellets having a density of 0.02 g/cm 3 and a diameter of 0.01 to 3.0 mm to 6 kg of the material for forming a surface layer prepared in Example 1. Then, it is obtained by uniformly mixing, and the woven fabric of the laminated glass fiber is reinforced on the inner side of the non-woven fabric of the glass fiber to strengthen the strength. Example 3 Preparation of Adhesive Composition-16- 1355446 3 00 g of aluminum hydroxide as a flame retardant was added to 1 kg of a binder containing a t-soluble polyurethane resin as a main component, and two materials A vacuum kneader was used to uniformly mix to prepare a 1.2 kg adhesive composition. A decorative wood panel has been marketed and has a thickness of 4.0 mm and a mass of 1.0 g per square meter of magnesium plate. The above adhesive is applied via a bar coater, a decorative wood material having a thickness of 0.2 mm and then laminated to magnesium via a cold pressurization method. board. Subsequently, the decorative wood material layer was coated with a UV-curable resin composition containing a polyurethane resin as a main component to a thickness of 0.2 mm, and then cured to prepare a decorative wood panel. Example 4 A decorative wood panel was prepared by substantially the same method as in Example 3 except that 20 g of a tourmaline-to-adhesive composition as a material for discharging negative ions was additionally added. Example 5 A decorative wood panel was prepared by the same method as in Example 3 except that the ceramic plate according to Example 1 was used instead of the magnesium plate. Example 6 A decorative wood panel was prepared by substantially the same method as in Example 3 except that a ceramic plate according to Example 2 was used instead of the magnesium plate. Example 7 A decorative wood panel was prepared by substantially the same method as in Example 4 except that the ceramic sheet according to Example 1 was used instead of the magnesium sheet β. Example 8 A decorative wood panel was prepared in substantially the same manner as in Example 4 except that the ceramic according to Example 2 was used. The board replaces the magnesium board. Comparative Example 1 A decorative wood panel was prepared by substantially the same method as in Example 3 except that the thickness of the resin layer cured by ultraviolet light was 0.5 mm. Comparative Example 2 • A decorative wood panel was prepared by substantially the same method as in Example 3 except that no flame retardant was used in the adhesive. The decorative wood panels obtained according to Examples 1 to 8 and Comparative Examples 1 and 2, and the properties of the already marketed magnesium sheets, gypsum boards, and the like were measured by the following methods. 1. Screw holding force The -18-1355446 screw holding force of the boards prepared according to Examples 1 and 2 and the boards which have been marketed was measured by the test method specified in Article F2214 of the Korean Industrial Standard (KS). 2. Bending strength The flexural strength of the panels prepared according to Examples 1 and 2 and the marketed panels were measured by the test method specified in Article F2263 of the Korean Industrial Standards (KS). 3. Density The density of the panels prepared according to Examples 1 and 2 and the marketed panels were measured by the test method specified in Article F2518 of the Korean Industrial Standards (KS). 4. Dimensional stability The dimensional stability of the panels prepared according to Examples 1 and 2 and the commercially available panels were measured by the test method specified in Article M3 8 02 of the Korean Industrial Standards (KS). 5. Non-combustibility The non-flammability of the panels prepared according to Examples 1 and 8 and Comparative Examples 1 and 2 and the marketed panels were measured by the test method specified in Article F22 71 of the Korean Industrial Standard (KS). 6. Evaluation of Appearance The appearance of the panels prepared according to Examples 3 and 8 and the appearance of the panels according to Comparative Examples 1 and 2 were evaluated based on the following criteria. 〇: The graphic of the outer surface of the natural decorative wood of the panel can be naturally recognized by the naked eye. X: Due to the surface coating and the like, the pattern on the surface of the panel's natural decorative wood cannot be naturally recognized by the naked eye.
7.放出之負離子之量的測量 經由在面板表面處之負離子測量裝置測量由依照實例 3至8所製備之板及由依照比較性實例1及2之板所放出 之負離子的量。 如上述所測量之性質示於如下之表1及表2中。 〔表1〕 實例1 實例2 鎂板 石膏板 厚度(毫米) 9 9 9 9.5 螺絲夾持力(公斤力/公分) 38 39 39 6 密度(克/立方公尺) 0.78 0.80 1.15 0.9 彎曲力(公斤力/平方毫米) 0.9 1.6 1.2 0.57 在浸水後之彎曲強度(公斤力/平方毫米) 0.7 1.5 0.9 0.08 尺寸安定性(%) 0.25 0.25 0.55 0 不可燃性 1 1 1 2 現場裁斷性 良好 良好 不良 良好 表面觸感 良好 良好 不良 -20- 1355446 〔表2〕 不可燃性 外觀評估 每立方公分放出之負離子數 實例3 第二級 〇 5 實例4 第二級 〇 1,000 比較性實例1 第三級 〇 4 比較性實例2 低於第三級 〇 4 可由表1見到:依本發明之陶瓷板與常用之鎂板相比 有實質相同或更高之強度及防水性。同時,依本發明之陶 瓷板重量比常用之鎂板輕3 0%以上。 更詳細地說,如與石膏板相比的,本發明之陶瓷板在 溢滿之前/之後具有顯著優越之螺絲挾持力及彎曲強度。 此外,如與鎂板相比的,可證明:陶瓷板重量輕約 3 2.1 74 (實例1 )及30·43 5% (實例)且具有相同或改良 之性質例如不可燃性、彎曲強度及螺絲挾持力且具有優越 的現場裁斷性及表面觸感。 甚者,依實例3及4之裝飾木質面板與不添加阻燃劑 之比較性實例1相比具有優越之不可燃性。 在包括依照實例1及2之陶瓷板的依照實例3及4之 裝飾木質面板中,可證明:不可燃性更爲增加。並且,依 照實例4之裝飾木質面板放出比比較性實例1及2高250 倍之負離子。 如以上所說明的,依本發明之陶瓷板具有優越之絕熱 性、隔音性及尺寸安定性(這些是常用之以鎂爲底質之板 的優點),同時陶瓷板重量輕且在使用切割刀時具有優越 之現場裁斷性。 -21 - 1355446 此外’依本發明之裝飾木質面板保持天然裝飾木材之 表面圖形以加強內部設計,同時裝飾木質面板具有優越之 不可燃性且由裝飾木質面板所放出之負離子之量可等於天 然狀態所產生者。 雖然具體表現已參考很多說明性具體表現來描述,應 了解精於此技藝者可以想出在本揭示之原則的精神及範圍 內之很多其他的修正及具體表現。更特別地,在揭示、圖 示及所附之申請專利範圍之範圍內,成分之份量及/或標 的組合排列之排列的不同的變更及修正是可能的。除了成 份之份量及/或排列之變更及修正之外,替代之用途對精 於此技藝者也是明顯的。 【圖式簡單說明】 本發明之以上及其他特徵及優點在參考以下詳細描述 同時一起考慮所附之圖式後即變爲明顯。 圖1是說明依本發明之一具體表現的建築用陶瓷板的 視圖。 圖2是說明依本發明之一具體表現之製造建築用陶瓷 板之方法的視圖。 圖3是本發明之不可燃裝飾木質面板之剖面視圖。 【主要元件符號說明】 1 1 0 :表面層 1 2 0 :核心層 -22- 13554467. Measurement of the amount of negative ions discharged The amount of the negative ions discharged from the plates prepared according to Examples 3 to 8 and the plates according to Comparative Examples 1 and 2 was measured via a negative ion measuring device at the surface of the panel. The properties measured as described above are shown in Tables 1 and 2 below. [Table 1] Example 1 Example 2 Magnesium gypsum board thickness (mm) 9 9 9 9.5 Screw clamping force (kg/min) 38 39 39 6 Density (g/m^3) 0.78 0.80 1.15 0.9 Bending force (kg Force/mm2) 0.9 1.6 1.2 0.57 Bending strength after water immersion (kg/mm2) 0.7 1.5 0.9 0.08 Dimensional stability (%) 0.25 0.25 0.55 0 Non-flammability 1 1 1 2 Good on-site cutting Good good Good surface feel good and good -20- 1355446 [Table 2] Non-combustible appearance evaluation The number of negative ions released per cubic centimeter Example 3 Second level 〇5 Example 4 Second level 〇1,000 Comparative example 1 Third level 〇4 Comparison Sexual Example 2 is lower than the third stage 〇4. It can be seen from Table 1 that the ceramic plate according to the present invention has substantially the same or higher strength and water repellency than the conventional magnesium plate. At the same time, the weight of the ceramic plate according to the present invention is more than 30% lighter than the conventional magnesium plate. In more detail, the ceramic panel of the present invention has significantly superior screw holding power and bending strength before/after overflowing, as compared to gypsum board. In addition, as compared to magnesium sheets, it can be shown that ceramic plates are about 3 2.1 74 (Example 1) and 30.43 5% (example) light and have the same or improved properties such as non-flammability, flexural strength and screws. Sturdy and superior on-site cutting and surface feel. Further, the decorative wood panels according to Examples 3 and 4 have superior nonflammability compared to Comparative Example 1 in which no flame retardant is added. In the decorative wood panel according to Examples 3 and 4 including the ceramic sheets according to Examples 1 and 2, it was confirmed that the nonflammability was further increased. Further, the decorative wood panel according to Example 4 discharged negative ions 250 times higher than Comparative Examples 1 and 2. As explained above, the ceramic plate according to the present invention has superior heat insulation, sound insulation and dimensional stability (the advantages of the commonly used magnesium-based plate), while the ceramic plate is light in weight and uses a cutting knife. It has superior on-site cutting. -21 - 1355446 Furthermore, the decorative wooden panel according to the invention maintains the surface pattern of the natural decorative wood to enhance the internal design, while the decorative wooden panel has superior non-flammability and the amount of negative ions emitted by the decorative wooden panel can be equal to the natural state. Produced by. Although the specific performance has been described with reference to a number of illustrative specific embodiments, it is understood that those skilled in the art can devise many other modifications and embodiments within the spirit and scope of the principles disclosed herein. More particularly, various variations and modifications of the arrangement of the components and/or combinations of the combinations of the components are possible within the scope of the disclosure, the scope of the invention and the appended claims. In addition to variations and modifications in parts and/or permutations, alternative uses are also apparent to those skilled in the art. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The above and other features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent upon consideration of the appended claims. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. 1 is a view showing a ceramic plate for construction according to one embodiment of the present invention. Fig. 2 is a view showing a method of manufacturing a ceramic plate for building according to one embodiment of the present invention. Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of a non-combustible decorative wood panel of the present invention. [Main component symbol description] 1 1 0 : Surface layer 1 2 0 : Core layer -22- 1355446
121 : 130 : 20 1 : 202 : 203 : 204 : 301 : 3 12: 3 13: 400 : 401 : 402 : 403 : 輕重量之小片 表面層 玻璃纖維織物 表面層原料 核心層原料 玻璃纖維織物 平板狀之模 滾筒 滾筒 滾筒 基底片 黏合劑層 裝飾木質層 經紫外光固化之透明樹脂層121 : 130 : 20 1 : 202 : 203 : 204 : 301 : 3 12: 3 13: 400 : 401 : 402 : 403 : Light weight small piece surface layer fiberglass fabric surface layer raw material core layer raw material fiberglass fabric flat shape Mold roller drum roller base sheet adhesive layer decorative wood layer UV-cured transparent resin layer
-23--twenty three-

Claims (1)

1355446 附件3A :第096144143號申請專利範圍修正本 民國100年7月丨1日修正(f(〜pO 十、申請專利範圍 種陶瓷板,其包含: 包括以鎂爲底質之無機化合物及輕重量之小片(chip )的核心層,該輕重量之小片是選自膨脹之聚苯乙烯、膨 K之聚丙烯 '膨脹之聚乙烯及氣溶膠顆粒之至少一發泡的 小片;及 形成在核心層之一或二側表面上之表面層。 2.如申請專利範圍第丨項之陶瓷板,其中該以鎂爲底 質之無機化合物是氧化鎂、氯化鎂或氧化鎂與氯化鎂之混 合物。 3 .如申請專利範圍第1項之陶瓷板,其中該板包含輕 重量之小片,其量相對於核心層是20至60體積%。 4.如申請專利範圍第丨項之陶瓷板,其中該輕重量之 小片是用砂烷偶合劑來表面處理。 5 ·如申請專利範圍第1項之陶瓷板,其中該輕重量之 小片具有0.1至3.0毫米之尺寸。 6 ·如申請專利範圍第1項之陶瓷板,其中該發泡之小 片具有15至70倍之發泡放大率及〇.〇15至〇.05克/立 方公分之密度。 7. 如申請專利範圍第1項之陶瓷板,其中該表面層是 玻璃纖維強化之無機化合物層。 8. 如申請專利範圍第7項之陶瓷板,其中該玻璃纖維 1355446 強化之無機化合物層是用玻璃纖維織物浸漬之以鎂爲底質 之無機化合物或用以鎂爲底質之無機化合物塗覆之玻璃纖 維織物。 9.如申請專利範圍第8項之陶瓷板,其中該玻璃纖維 織物是玻璃纖維之紡織織物、玻璃纖維之不織織物或紡織 織物與不織織物之組合物。 1〇·如申請專利範圍第8項之陶瓷板,其中該玻璃纖 維每平方公尺具有20至200克之質量。 11. 如申請專利範圍第8項之陶瓷板,其中該以鎂爲 底質之無機化合物是氧化鎂、氯化鎂或氧化鎂與氯化鎂之 混合物。 12. —種裝飾木質面板,其包含: 基底片,其爲如申請專利範圍第1至11項中任一項 之陶瓷板; 藉不可燃黏合劑層黏合至基底片之裝飾木材;及 形成在裝飾木材上之紫外線固化之透明樹脂層。 13. 如申請專利範圍第12項之裝飾木質面板,其中該 黏合劑層是用含有阻燃劑而以胺基甲酸酯爲底質之黏合劑 、以丙烯酸系爲底質之黏合劑或環氧樹脂爲底質之黏合劑 所形成。 14. 如申請專利範圍第13項之裝飾木質面板,其中該 阻燃劑選自氫氧化鋁、氫氧化鎂、氧化鋁及二氧化矽之至 少一者。 15. 如申請專利範圍第13項之裝飾木質面板,其中該 -2 - 1355446 阻燃劑含量相對於100重量份之黏合劑是20至50重量份 〇 16. 如申請專利範圍第12項之裝飾木質面板,其中該 裝飾木材是天然裝飾木片。 17. 如申請專利範圍第12項之裝飾木質面板,其中該 固化之樹脂層具有0.3毫米或更小之厚度。 18. 如申請專利範圍第12項之裝飾木質面板,其中其 另外包含在選自黏合劑層及固化樹脂層之至少一層中所含 之放出負離子之材料。 19. 如申請專利範圍第18項之裝飾木質面板,其中該 放出負離子之材料是選自電氣石、奇右石(kiyoseki)及 稀土礦物之一者。 2〇·如申請專利範圍第18項之裝飾木質面板’其中該 放出負離子之材料添加量是10至30重量份。1355446 Annex 3A: No. 096144143, the scope of the patent application is amended in the Republic of China on July 1st, 1st (f (~pO X., the patented range of ceramic plates, including: including magnesium as the substrate of inorganic compounds and light weight a core layer of a chip, the light weight piece being at least one foamed piece selected from the group consisting of expanded polystyrene, expanded polypropylene 'expanded polyethylene, and aerosol particles; and formed in the core layer 2. A surface layer on one or both sides of the surface. 2. The ceramic plate according to claim 2, wherein the magnesium-based inorganic compound is magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride or a mixture of magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride. The ceramic plate of claim 1, wherein the plate comprises a light weight piece, the amount of which is 20 to 60% by volume relative to the core layer. 4. The ceramic plate according to the scope of the patent application, wherein the light weight The small piece is a surface treatment with a squalane coupling agent. 5. The ceramic plate of claim 1, wherein the light weight piece has a size of 0.1 to 3.0 mm. a plate, wherein the foamed tablet has a foaming magnification of 15 to 70 times and a density of 〇15 to 〇.05 g/cm 3 . 7. The ceramic plate of claim 1 wherein the surface The layer is a glass fiber reinforced inorganic compound layer. 8. The ceramic board according to claim 7 wherein the glass fiber 1355446 reinforced inorganic compound layer is a magnesium-based inorganic compound impregnated with a glass fiber fabric or used. A glass fiber fabric coated with a magnesium-based inorganic compound. 9. The ceramic board according to claim 8 wherein the glass fiber fabric is a glass fiber woven fabric, a glass fiber non-woven fabric or a woven fabric and The composition of the non-woven fabric. The ceramic plate of claim 8 wherein the glass fiber has a mass of 20 to 200 grams per square meter. 11. The ceramic plate of claim 8 of the patent application, wherein The magnesium-based inorganic compound is magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride or a mixture of magnesium oxide and magnesium chloride. 12. A decorative wood panel comprising: a base sheet, which is A ceramic plate according to any one of claims 1 to 11; a decorative wood bonded to the base sheet by a non-combustible adhesive layer; and an ultraviolet-curable transparent resin layer formed on the decorative wood. 12 decorative wood panels, wherein the adhesive layer is bonded with a urethane-based binder containing a flame retardant, an acrylic-based binder or an epoxy resin. 14. The decorative wood panel of claim 13, wherein the flame retardant is selected from the group consisting of at least one of aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, aluminum oxide and cerium oxide. Item 13 of the decorative wood panel, wherein the -2355446 flame retardant content is 20 to 50 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of the binder. 16. The decorative wood panel of claim 12, wherein the decoration Wood is a natural decorative wood chip. 17. The decorative wood panel of claim 12, wherein the cured resin layer has a thickness of 0.3 mm or less. 18. The decorative wood panel of claim 12, further comprising a material for discharging negative ions contained in at least one layer selected from the group consisting of a binder layer and a cured resin layer. 19. The decorative wood panel of claim 18, wherein the material that emits negative ions is one selected from the group consisting of tourmaline, kiyoseki, and rare earth minerals. 2. A decorative wood panel as claimed in claim 18, wherein the amount of the material for discharging the negative ions is 10 to 30 parts by weight.
TW096144143A 2006-11-22 2007-11-21 Building ceramic board and incombustible ornament TWI355446B (en)

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