TW201414425A - Composite insect resist agent for plants - Google Patents

Composite insect resist agent for plants Download PDF

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Publication number
TW201414425A
TW201414425A TW101137328A TW101137328A TW201414425A TW 201414425 A TW201414425 A TW 201414425A TW 101137328 A TW101137328 A TW 101137328A TW 101137328 A TW101137328 A TW 101137328A TW 201414425 A TW201414425 A TW 201414425A
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Taiwan
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ethanol solution
ethanol
insect
solution
pepper
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TW101137328A
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Chinese (zh)
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ming-zong Chen
Hui-Fen He
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ming-zong Chen
Hui-Fen He
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Priority to TW101137328A priority Critical patent/TW201414425A/en
Publication of TW201414425A publication Critical patent/TW201414425A/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a composite insect resist agent for plant, which is formulated by natural substances for effectively resisting injurious insects of plants. The present invention employs ethanol solution as the matrix, and adds the additives, such as tobacco, pepper, garlic, sodium hydrocarbonate and carbon, into the ethanol solution in proportions; and, immerses a period of time to fully mix the additives placed into the ethanol solution to form the natural composite insect resist liquid. After being diluted, the insect resist liquid may be sprayed on the branches and leaves of fruit trees, vegetables or flowers, such that all the injurious insects directly subjected to the spray or infected by creeping over the branches and leaves may have destroyed their body cuticles with surface affinity or sealed their respiratory system. Moreover, the insect resist liquid may also be functioned as a leaf protector and a fertilizer with an excellent usage effect.

Description

複合型植物防蟲液 Compound plant insecticide

本發明係有關於一種複合型植物防蟲液,其係以乙醇溶液為基體,再利用菸草、辣椒、蒜頭、碳酸氫鈉及碳等添加物依比例放入乙醇水溶液內,使添加物能與乙醇水充分混合,而形成天然的複合型防蟲液。 The invention relates to a composite plant insect-repellent liquid, which is prepared by using an ethanol solution as a base, and then adding an additive such as tobacco, pepper, garlic, sodium hydrogencarbonate and carbon in an aqueous solution of ethanol to make the additive and the additive The ethanol water is thoroughly mixed to form a natural composite insect repellent liquid.

按,傳統防治作物蟲害的方式,主要係定期噴灑農藥,藉以將植物或作物的害蟲消滅或驅除,避免植物或作物生長時遭受害蟲侵蝕或細菌感染,導致枝葉遭受啃蝕或感染病蟲害,嚴重時影響栽種者之收成,使栽種者之心血付之一炬。 According to the traditional method of controlling crop pests, pesticides are sprayed regularly to eliminate or eliminate pests of plants or crops, to avoid pests or bacterial infections when plants or crops grow, resulting in erosion or infection of pests and diseases. Affect the harvest of the planter, so that the planter's heart will pay for it.

因此,市面上販售有各式農藥,主要係以化學農藥為農藥之大宗,其成份由化學藥劑所組成,包含有:有機磷劑(organic phosphate)、有基氮及雜環化合物(organic nitrogen and heterocyclic compounds)、氨基甲酸鹽劑(carbamates)、合成除蟲菊精類(pyrethroid)、尿素系(Urea)、三唑系(triazole)、三氮井系(atrazine)、苯氧酸系(benzoic acid)、二硫代氨基甲酸鹽類等(dithiocarbamate),而一般有機磷劑對哺乳動物之急性毒性較強、其次為氨基甲酸鹽劑,長期吸收會影響人體健康;合成除蟲菊精類一般對水生物毒性極高,容易污染水源;三唑系、三氮井系、二硫代氨基甲酸鹽類及尿素系農藥一般急毒性較低,但易殘留於植物或作物表面,清洗時較為麻煩;因此,長期噴灑化學農藥,會危害噴灑人員的身體健康。 Therefore, there are various types of pesticides sold in the market, mainly chemical pesticides, which are composed of chemical agents, including: organic phosphate, organic nitrogen and heterocyclic compounds (organic nitrogen). And heterocyclic compounds), carbamates, pyrethroids, ureas, triazoles, atrazines, phenoxyacids Benzoic acid), dithiocarbamate, etc., while general organophosphorus agents are more acutely toxic to mammals, followed by carbamate agents, long-term absorption can affect human health; synthetic pyrethroids The class is generally highly toxic to aquatic organisms and easily contaminates water sources; triazole, trinitrogen, dithiocarbamate and urea pesticides are generally less acutely toxic, but are liable to remain on the surface of plants or crops. It is more troublesome; therefore, long-term spraying of chemical pesticides will endanger the health of the sprayers.

發明人有鑑於化學農藥不僅會污染土壤及水源,更對人體產生不良的影響,使用效果不佳,且農藥多附著於作物表面,一旦清洗不完全,經食用後會殘留於人體,長期食用會影響健康,容易產生許多不知名的文明病,因此發明人乃極力苦思解決之道,並憑藉本身之專業及多年來的工作經驗,再配合歷經數次的試驗、修正與改進後,終於有本發明之複合型植物防蟲液,而能製成純天然無毒無污染的環保防蟲液。 The inventors have in view that chemical pesticides not only pollute the soil and water sources, but also have adverse effects on the human body. The use effect is not good, and the pesticides are attached to the surface of the crop. Once the cleaning is incomplete, it will remain in the human body after consumption. Influencing health, it is easy to produce many unknown civilization diseases, so the inventor is trying hard to solve the problem, and with his own professional and years of work experience, after several trials, corrections and improvements, finally have The composite plant insect-repellent liquid of the invention can be made into a pure natural non-toxic and pollution-free environmentally-friendly insect repellent liquid.

本發明係有關於一種複合型植物防蟲液,特別是指一種利用天然物質調配製成,能有效防治植物的害蟲。其主要係以乙醇水溶液為基體,該乙醇水溶液可利用碎米經微生物發酵後再蒸餾製成,因此相當天然無害,然後將菸草、辣椒、蒜頭、碳酸氫鈉及碳等添加物依比例放入乙醇水溶液內,並浸泡約20-40天,使菸草、辣椒、蒜頭藉由乙醇水溶液的催化作用,而分別釋出菸鹼、辣椒鹼及蒜素於乙醇溶液內,使菸鹼、辣椒鹼、蒜素、碳酸氫鈉及碳與乙醇水溶液充分混合,最後再將植物油加入乙醇水溶液內,即能製成天然的複合型植物防蟲液,並依需求再加入輔助物,如竹醋、蔥、薑…等,可幫助土壤改良並當葉子肥料。 The invention relates to a composite plant insect-repellent liquid, in particular to a pest which is prepared by using natural substances and can effectively control plants. The main solution is an aqueous ethanol solution, which can be prepared by microbial fermentation of the crushed rice and then distilled, so that it is quite natural and harmless, and then the tobacco, pepper, garlic, sodium bicarbonate and carbon are added in proportion. Soaking in ethanol aqueous solution for about 20-40 days, so that tobacco, pepper and garlic can release nicotine, capsaicin and allicin in ethanol solution by catalysis of aqueous ethanol solution, so that nicotine and capsaicin can be made. Allicin, sodium bicarbonate and carbon are mixed well with the aqueous solution of ethanol. Finally, the vegetable oil is added to the aqueous solution of ethanol to form a natural compound plant insect-repellent solution, and auxiliary substances such as bamboo vinegar and onion are added as needed. Ginger...etc. can help soil improve and use leaf fertilizer.

使用時,只要將防蟲液稀釋後噴灑於果樹、蔬菜或花卉的枝葉上下表面,使枝葉表面形成一層保護膜,並能清潔枝葉表面氣孔,而能加強葉片進行光合作用,且能破壞受噴灑之害蟲的角質層,或封閉爬過枝葉害蟲的呼吸系統,有效防治農作物、植物的壞蟲或細菌,如:介殼蟲、蚜蟲、薊馬、白粉病、粉蝨、紅蜘蛛、粉介殼蟲、圓介殼蟲、銀葉粉蝨、鱗翅目幼蟲、潛葉蠅、甲蟲、 螞蟻、灰黴病、黑斑病、黑星病、煤煙病、貯藏菌、線蟲、鉗紋病、毛毛蟲,尤其該防蟲液天然無污染,因此非常環保,更不會影響人體健康,且對作物完全無藥害,使用效果相當理想。 When used, the insect repellent solution is diluted and sprayed on the upper and lower surfaces of the foliage of the fruit tree, vegetable or flower to form a protective film on the surface of the foliage, and the pores on the surface of the foliage can be cleaned, thereby enhancing the photosynthesis of the blade and destroying the spray. The stratum corneum of the pest, or the respiratory system that blocks the pests of the foliage, effectively controlling crops, plant bugs or bacteria, such as: scale insects, aphids, thrips, powdery mildew, whiteflies, red spiders, powder scale insects, Round scale insects, silver leaf whitefly, lepidopter larvae, leaf miner, beetle, Ants, gray mold, black spot, black spot disease, soot disease, storage bacteria, nematodes, pliers, caterpillars, especially the insecticide liquid is naturally non-polluting, so it is very environmentally friendly and does not affect human health, and It is completely harmless to the crops and the effect is quite satisfactory.

首先,請參閱第一圖所示,係本發明之製作流程圖,其主要係利用碎米201經微生物發酵後再蒸餾而製成乙醇水溶液20,因此該乙醇水溶液20相當天然無任何化學成份,再以乙醇水溶液20為基體,並調配每100ml的乙醇水溶液20放入0.3~0.5克菸草10、2.0~2.8克辣椒11、0.5~1.0克蒜頭12、0.3~0.5克碳酸氫鈉13及0.3~0.5克碳14。另外,能依使用者需求再加入輔助物15(如:竹醋、蔥、薑…等),然後將菸草10、辣椒11、蒜頭12、碳酸氫鈉13及碳14浸泡於乙醇水溶液20約20-40天,令乙醇水溶液20產生催化作用,使菸草10、辣椒11及蒜頭12經由乙醇水溶液20之催化後,而能將菸草10的菸鹼(Nicotine)、辣椒11的辣椒鹼(Capsaicin)及蒜頭12的大蒜素(Allicin)釋出於乙醇水溶液20內,再添加2.0~2.5克的植物油16製成天然的複合型植物防蟲液2。 First, please refer to the first drawing, which is a production flow chart of the present invention. The main method is to use the crushed rice 201 to be subjected to microbial fermentation and then distilled to prepare an aqueous ethanol solution 20. Therefore, the aqueous ethanol solution 20 is quite natural without any chemical components. Then, using ethanol aqueous solution 20 as a matrix, and mixing 100 ml of ethanol aqueous solution 20 into 0.3 to 0.5 g of tobacco 10, 2.0 to 2.8 g of pepper 11, 0.5 to 1.0 g of garlic 12, 0.3 to 0.5 g of sodium hydrogencarbonate 13 and 0.3~ 0.5 g of carbon 14. In addition, according to the needs of the user, auxiliary substances 15 (such as bamboo vinegar, onion, ginger, etc.) can be added, and then tobacco 10, pepper 11, garlic 12, sodium hydrogencarbonate 13 and carbon 14 are soaked in an aqueous ethanol solution of about 20 -40 days, the aqueous ethanol solution 20 is catalyzed, and the tobacco 10, the pepper 11 and the garlic 12 are catalyzed by the aqueous ethanol solution 20, and the nicotine of the tobacco 10, the capsaicin of the pepper 11 and the capsaicin of the pepper 11 can be Allicin of garlic 12 is released into ethanol aqueous solution 20, and then 2.0 to 2.5 g of vegetable oil 16 is added to prepare natural composite plant insect repellent liquid 2.

接著,請仍然參閱第一圖所示,該複合型植物防蟲液2主要係以乙醇水溶液20為基體,而能使菸草10、辣椒11、蒜頭12、碳酸氫鈉13及碳14或添加物15(如:竹醋、蔥、薑…等)與乙醇水溶液20混合後,利用乙醇水溶液20形成催化劑作用,使菸草10加速產生菸鹼(Nicotine)、辣椒11釋出辣椒鹼(Capsaicin) 及在蒜頭12中釋出大蒜素(Allicin),再配合碳酸氫納13及碳14充分浸泡混合,而製成複合型植物防蟲液2,利用其特殊辛辣配方可供驅蟲及破壞各式害蟲的角質層,或封閉害蟲的呼吸系統,以達無污染的除蟲效果,尤其該複合型植物防蟲液2噴灑於植物或作物後,大部分都會滲透入土壤內,藉由天然的材料不會破壞土壤產生污染,且該輔助物15(如:竹醋)經催化後釋出的醋酸,會一起滲入土壤內,而形成土壤改良劑之作用,並能作為葉子的肥料,使複合型植物防蟲液2同時具有改良土壤及肥料之效果。 Next, please still refer to the first figure, the composite plant insect repellent liquid 2 is mainly based on ethanol aqueous solution 20, and can make tobacco 10, pepper 11, garlic 12, sodium hydrogencarbonate 13 and carbon 14 or additives. 15 (such as: bamboo vinegar, onion, ginger, etc.) mixed with the aqueous ethanol solution 20, the use of aqueous ethanol solution 20 to form a catalyst, so that tobacco 10 accelerates the production of nicotine (Nicotine), pepper 11 release of capsaicin (Capsaicin) And release allicin in the garlic 12, and then fully soak and mix with sodium hydrogencarbonate 13 and carbon 14, to make a composite plant insect-repellent liquid 2, using its special spicy formula for deworming and destroying various types. The stratum corneum of the pest, or the respiratory system of the pest, to achieve a non-polluting de-worming effect, especially after the composite plant insect-repellent liquid 2 is sprayed on the plant or crop, most of it will penetrate into the soil, by natural materials. It will not destroy the pollution of the soil, and the acetic acid released by the auxiliary 15 (such as bamboo vinegar) will infiltrate into the soil together, and form a soil conditioner, and can be used as a fertilizer for the leaves to make a composite type. The plant insect repellent 2 also has the effect of improving soil and fertilizer.

使用時,請繼續參閱第二圖所示,將複合型防蟲液2經稀釋後噴灑於果樹、蔬菜或花卉的枝葉表面3,使枝葉表面3光滑並形成一層保護膜,不僅能清潔枝葉的氣孔,使閉塞的氣孔外張,而能增強作物或植物進行光合作用,使作物更加翠綠、茂盛,果實更為甘甜、肥美。而直接受噴灑的害蟲,或爬過枝葉而沾染防蟲液的蟲類能迅速與害蟲表體親和,破壞蟲體的角質層,使防蟲液滲入蟲體內殺滅害蟲,或者封閉害蟲的呼吸系統,讓蟲體窒息死亡。同時,該噴灑有防蟲液的枝葉表面3殘留有辛辣蒜味,可避免其他害蟲接近而能有效驅蟲,尤其該複合型植物防蟲液2完全天然無污染,因此不會影響人體健康,使噴灑人員能安心作業,且因非化學物質或藥品,所以害蟲不會產生抗藥性,因此對作物無藥害,使用上相當理想且非常環保。 When using, please continue to refer to the second figure, after the compound insect repellent 2 is diluted and sprayed on the surface of the foliage of the fruit trees, vegetables or flowers 3, the surface of the branches and leaves is smooth and a protective film is formed, which can not only clean the branches and leaves. The stomata make the occluded stomata open, which can enhance the photosynthesis of crops or plants, make the crops more green and lush, and the fruits are sweeter and more plump. Directly sprayed pests, or insects that have climbed through the foliage and contaminated with insect-repellent fluids, can quickly interact with the pest's body, destroying the stratum corneum of the insect body, allowing the insect-repellent solution to penetrate the insect body to kill the pest, or to block the breath of the pest. System, let the worm suffocate and die. At the same time, the surface of the foliage of the sprayed insect-repellent liquid has a spicy garlic flavor, which can prevent other pests from approaching and effectively deworming. In particular, the composite plant insect-repellent liquid 2 is completely natural and non-polluting, and thus does not affect human health. The sprayer can work safely, and because of non-chemical substances or medicines, the pests will not develop resistance, so they are harmless to the crops, and they are ideal for use and very environmentally friendly.

再者,現代文明病甚多,因此大家對於飲食的安全及衛生相當重視,食用者會盡量將蔬菜、水果清洗乾淨,且注重健康、有機食材,所以業者在種植時都避免使用太多農藥,以減少污染及 農藥殘留於作物上,但農藥用得少則無法有效除蟲,容易影響作物賣相或導致收成不佳,所以不肖農民仍大量使用農藥,不僅造成環保問題,更導致現代人不斷實用殘留有農藥的蔬果,好像是慢性自殺。 Moreover, modern civilization has many diseases, so everyone attaches great importance to the safety and hygiene of the diet. Consumers will try to clean vegetables and fruits as much as possible, and pay attention to healthy and organic ingredients. Therefore, manufacturers should avoid using too many pesticides when planting. To reduce pollution and Pesticide residues are left on crops, but pesticides used less can not effectively remove insects, which can easily affect crops selling phase or lead to poor harvest. Therefore, farmers still use pesticides in large quantities, which not only causes environmental problems, but also leads to the continuous use of pesticides by modern people. The fruits and vegetables seem to be chronic suicide.

而本發明之複合型防蟲液2利用天然物質調配製成,可消滅大部分的害蟲,有效防治農作物、植物的害蟲或細菌,如:介殼蟲、蚜蟲、薊馬、白粉病、粉蝨、紅蜘蛛、粉介殼蟲、圓介殼蟲、銀葉粉蝨、鱗翅目幼蟲、潛葉蠅、甲蟲、螞蟻、灰黴病、黑斑病、黑星病、煤煙病、貯藏菌、線蟲、鉗紋病、毛毛蟲,尤其該防蟲液2完全天然無污染,因此非常環保,更不會影響人體健康,且對作物完全無藥害,使用效果相當理想。 The composite insect-repellent liquid 2 of the invention is prepared by blending natural substances, can eliminate most pests, and effectively control crops, plant pests or bacteria, such as: scale insects, aphids, thrips, powdery mildew, whiteflies, Red spider, powder scale insect, round scale insect, silver leaf whitefly, lepidopter larva, leaf miner, beetle, ant, gray mold, black spot, black spot, soot, storage bacteria, nematode, pliers Disease, caterpillar, especially the insecticide 2 is completely natural and non-polluting, so it is very environmentally friendly, does not affect human health, and has no phytotoxicity to the crop, and the effect is quite satisfactory.

綜上所述,本發明依比例將天然的菸草、辣椒、蒜頭、碳酸氫鈉及碳浸泡於乙醇水溶液內,再添加植物油製成複合型植物防蟲液,使植物或作物經稀釋噴灑後,能於枝葉表面形成一層保護膜,不僅能有效除蟲、驅蟲,更增強植物或作物之光合作用,提昇植物或作物的生長及品質,又本發明完全無毒無污染,對人體及環境無害,實已較傳統農藥更為進步,並達安全、環保無要害,且申請前並未見於刊物,理已符合發明之專利要件,爰依法提出專利申請。 In summary, the present invention proportions natural tobacco, pepper, garlic, sodium bicarbonate and carbon in an aqueous solution of ethanol, and then add vegetable oil to make a composite plant insect-repellent liquid, after the plants or crops are diluted and sprayed, It can form a protective film on the surface of branches and leaves, which can not only effectively remove insects and deworming, but also enhance photosynthesis of plants or crops, enhance the growth and quality of plants or crops, and the invention is completely non-toxic and non-polluting, and harmless to human body and environment. It has become more advanced than traditional pesticides, and has achieved safety and environmental protection. It has not been seen in the publications before the application, and it has already met the patent requirements of the invention.

本發明: this invention:

10‧‧‧菸草 10‧‧‧Tobacco

11‧‧‧辣椒 11‧‧‧ pepper

12‧‧‧蒜頭 12‧‧‧ garlic

13‧‧‧碳酸氫鈉 13‧‧‧ sodium bicarbonate

14‧‧‧碳 14‧‧‧Carbon

15‧‧‧輔助物 15‧‧‧Auxiliary

2‧‧‧複合型植物防蟲液 2‧‧‧Complex plant insecticide

20‧‧‧乙醇水溶液 20‧‧‧Aqueous ethanol solution

201‧‧‧碎米 201‧‧‧ broken rice

3‧‧‧枝葉表面 3‧‧‧ foliage surface

第一圖係本發明之製作流程圖。 The first figure is a production flow chart of the present invention.

第二圖係本發明使用之示意圖。 The second figure is a schematic representation of the use of the invention.

10‧‧‧菸草 10‧‧‧Tobacco

11‧‧‧辣椒 11‧‧‧ pepper

12‧‧‧蒜頭 12‧‧‧ garlic

13‧‧‧碳酸氫鈉 13‧‧‧ sodium bicarbonate

14‧‧‧碳 14‧‧‧Carbon

15‧‧‧輔助物 15‧‧‧Auxiliary

2‧‧‧複合型植物防蟲液 2‧‧‧Complex plant insecticide

20‧‧‧乙醇水溶液 20‧‧‧Aqueous ethanol solution

201‧‧‧碎米 201‧‧‧ broken rice

Claims (4)

一種複合型植物防蟲液,其主要係以乙醇水溶液為基體,並置入有添加物,其係以每100ml乙醇水溶液添加0.3~0.5克菸草、2.0~2.8克辣椒、0.5~1.0克蒜頭、0.3~0.5克碳酸氫鈉及0.3~0.5克碳的比例將添加物置入乙醇水溶液內,並浸泡約20-40天,使菸草、辣椒、蒜頭藉由乙醇溶液的混合催化後,再加入2.0~2.5克植物油至乙醇水溶液內,完成天然的複合型植物防蟲液。 The utility model relates to a compound plant insect-repellent liquid, which mainly adopts an aqueous solution of ethanol as a base and is provided with an additive, which is added with 0.3-0.5 g of tobacco, 2.0-2.8 g of pepper, 0.5-1.0 g of garlic per 100 ml of aqueous ethanol solution, The ratio of 0.3~0.5g sodium bicarbonate and 0.3~0.5g carbon is added into the ethanol aqueous solution and soaked for about 20-40 days, so that the tobacco, pepper and garlic are mixed and catalyzed by the ethanol solution, then 2.0~ 2.5 g of vegetable oil to an aqueous solution of ethanol to complete a natural composite plant insect repellent liquid. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之複合型植物防蟲液,其中,該乙醇水溶液係以碎米利用微生物發酵後再蒸餾而成。 The composite plant insect-repellent liquid according to claim 1, wherein the aqueous ethanol solution is obtained by fermenting the ground rice by microbial fermentation. 如申請專利範圍第1項所述之複合型植物防蟲液,其中,該添加物中係再加入具有辛辣味道的輔助物,如:竹醋、蔥、薑。 The composite plant insect repellent solution according to claim 1, wherein the additive further comprises an auxiliary having a spicy taste, such as bamboo vinegar, onion, and ginger. 如申請專利範圍第3項所述之複合型植物防蟲液,其中,該輔助物中之竹醋,具有土壤改良並為葉子肥料。 The composite plant insect-repellent liquid according to claim 3, wherein the bamboo vinegar in the auxiliary material has soil improvement and is a leaf fertilizer.
TW101137328A 2012-10-09 2012-10-09 Composite insect resist agent for plants TW201414425A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104432448A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-25 红云红河烟草(集团)有限责任公司 Tobacco mould preventing method achieving sterilization through ethyl alcohol slow release
CN110402777A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-05 湖南省蔬菜研究所 A kind of sweet potato method for culturing seedlings
TWI802297B (en) * 2022-02-25 2023-05-11 亮宇國際股份有限公司 Biodegradable coating film with insect repellent properties and its composition
TWI817527B (en) * 2022-05-25 2023-10-01 上億生醫科技有限公司 Method for repelling mushroom flies and formulation of fly repellent

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104432448A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-03-25 红云红河烟草(集团)有限责任公司 Tobacco mould preventing method achieving sterilization through ethyl alcohol slow release
CN110402777A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-05 湖南省蔬菜研究所 A kind of sweet potato method for culturing seedlings
TWI802297B (en) * 2022-02-25 2023-05-11 亮宇國際股份有限公司 Biodegradable coating film with insect repellent properties and its composition
TWI817527B (en) * 2022-05-25 2023-10-01 上億生醫科技有限公司 Method for repelling mushroom flies and formulation of fly repellent

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