RU2693502C2 - Software compositor of beads, distributor of beads, dispensing module, thread injector, bead needle - Google Patents

Software compositor of beads, distributor of beads, dispensing module, thread injector, bead needle Download PDF

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Publication number
RU2693502C2
RU2693502C2 RU2017144650A RU2017144650A RU2693502C2 RU 2693502 C2 RU2693502 C2 RU 2693502C2 RU 2017144650 A RU2017144650 A RU 2017144650A RU 2017144650 A RU2017144650 A RU 2017144650A RU 2693502 C2 RU2693502 C2 RU 2693502C2
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beads
needle
funnel
carriage
bead
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RU2017144650A
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Russian (ru)
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RU2017144650A3 (en
RU2017144650A (en
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Юрий Борисович Дубров
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Юрий Борисович Дубров
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Publication of RU2693502C2 publication Critical patent/RU2693502C2/en
Publication of RU2017144650A publication Critical patent/RU2017144650A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D05SEWING; EMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05CEMBROIDERING; TUFTING
    • D05C7/00Special-purpose or automatic embroidering machines
    • D05C7/08Special-purpose or automatic embroidering machines for attaching cords, tapes, bands, or the like

Abstract

FIELD: physics.SUBSTANCE: software compositor of beads consists of folding stand, distributor of beads composed of expansion modules with movable container-carriage in amount of one to ten, vertical soft tubes, solenoids and shutters-pushers, ejecting beads according to one according to PC program, as well as a control unit with controller boards in amount of one to four, a large pyramid funnel, thread string on the adjustable bracket, automatically stringing ejected beads on a thread consisting of a funnel with a calibrated opening and a vibration device, a laser receiver and emitter, as well as three grippers holding the needle vertically, with an upper end in the centre of the calibrated hole of the funnel, and brewing in turns, pushing beads on the mechanism thread, a flexible tube passing from the outlet of the large funnel into the drawer, or needle-threading machine with two grips, stringing beads on a long needle, wherein device design is applicable to beads of any size close to spherical or spherical shape, with correspondence of sizes of units of beads movement.EFFECT: software set of beads allows the master to spend time and effort on other more important processes, and also to spend time quality of other operations necessary for creation of the work.30 cl, 16 dwg

Description

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The name of the group of inventions: Bead programmer Group: Bead distributor, Distribution module, Threading needle, Needle feeder.

TECHNICAL FIELD TO WHICH INVENTION RELATES.

The invention relates to the field of machines for making bead weaving, weaving, as well as the manufacture of various products from beads and beads close to spherical or spherical shape.

BACKGROUND

Invention in the field of work on bead weaving and manufacture of products from beads and beads close to spherical or spherical shape, using a controller, and loading data on color sequence and number of beads strung to the PC through a program on a PC, as well as data on color distribution beads in the distributor.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

The aim of the invention of the programmer is the ability to automate manual labor in the field of bead weaving, as well as a set of beads on the thread through a combination of two devices - a bead dispenser and a stringer. The bead distributor is a device that throws out beads of a certain color according to one of the capacities, the program reads the codes of the required shades of beads, which the master loads into the PC program in the form of a text document. Data with the codes for the document provide special graphics programs that are on sale. The program determines which code this or that controller board output belongs to; The boards have many outputs, each of which through a transistor switch (circuit for increasing the output power) makes a certain solenoid work, which throws out beads of certain shades and in the right quantity. Next, the pyramidal plastic funnel picks up and moves the bead down the flexible tube into the vibrating plastic stringer funnel, which has a calibrated hole and the needle tip located in the center of this hole, so that the bead is on the needle. Next, the laser receiver and two grippers with sponges and one with a stop and focusing on steel carriages holding the needle vertically trigger, let the bead pass on the thread. Then, from the beads gathered on the thread, the master manually folds the whole picture on the special frame. The technical result is: saving time, the ability to perform other operations, while the typesetter works independently, no need to deal with symbols or symbols in the scheme, which is especially difficult with poor vision or color perception. The disadvantage of this device is that when the small beads or defective beads enter the working holes for the beads, the typesetter stops, beeps and requires clearing the passage of the beads, which is provided for by the typesetter's design, and can also work with calibrated beads. But the reliability and stability of the typesetter increases when working with beads that are close to spherical or spherical shape. Thanks to the software typesetter, it is possible to make products from beads and beads in a color scheme that cannot be made manually. Just typesetter facilitates the creation of paintings of large beads.

The bead distributor is a device for working with or without a stringer, when embroidering with beads on the fabric, the device works in the same way as the distributor in the typesetter, only the master uses the hand out beads in hand work, sewing it to the fabric manually. The distributor has a special tube with a motion sensor and when the fingers are brought to the tube, the distributor throws out the bead and it turns out in the master’s fingers. The technical result is the ability to quickly obtain beads or beads of the required shades according to the pattern, manual removal of the container. As well as the master always sees the number of beads, on the PC which the distributor issued according to the scheme.

Threading device is a device that strings beads onto a thread and works both with the distributor and separately on the floor stand by means of a vibrating funnel with a calibrated cone-shaped hole, a laser receiver and emitter, three grippers located vertically relative to each other, holding the needle stationary , exactly in the center of the hole of the funnel and the tape-roller mechanism, which pushes the bead to the thread. The device is intended for stringing beads or beads close to a spherical or spherical shape on the thread without both hands being involved, simply throwing them into the funnel, and also fixing on the counter display the number of beads worn; The advantage and technical result of this method is, first of all, the free hand of the master when stringing beads and, in this connection, the lack of muscle tension and vision that occurs with ordinary manual stringing.

A needle threader is a simplified and lightweight version of a stringer for stringing beads or beads on a needle, with or without a dispenser. He has a desktop version on a stand, and he has two grips, for a long needle, at the top and bottom. The upper one is bred automatically when it hits the needle through the funnel on the needle, and the lower one manually retains the needle from the bottom. When pressing on the gripping handles on the back side, the lower jaws divorce, while the upper gripping in the form of forks is also automatically divorced and, when the needle is gripped, holds it in the center of the funnel hole. The main advantage of this option of the stringer is speed, because having only one active grip at the top of the funnel allows you to throw beads more often, and the disadvantage is that each time you need to push the collected beads from the needle to the thread, removing the needle from the grips.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 shows a bead programmer, a general view, in FIG. 2 - the distribution module is a top and front view, in FIG. 3 is a side view distribution module, in FIG. 4 shows the outlet of the upper tier of the dispensing unit; FIG. 5 - distribution module, pusher valve in the hole, a fragment of a bar, in FIG. 6 - a stringer thread front view, in FIG. 7 is a stringer thread view from above; FIG. 8 — a thread lancer close up of the upper grip; in FIG. 9 is a thread lancer close up of the upper and lower grippers front view; FIG. 10 is the overlap of a laser bead; FIG. 11 - opening of the first grip, in FIG. 12 - opening of the second grip, in FIG. 13 - opening of the third gripper with a stopper; FIG. 14 - needle front view needle, in FIG. 15 - needle threader top view, in FIG. 16 is a close-up front and top view of the upper grip and the funnel opening.

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INVENTION

The bead programmer consists of a folding dural stand in FIG. 1, in the upper part of the rack there is a distributor of beads 1 consisting of several distribution modules, a pyramidal funnel 2, a thread threader 3 located below, connected with a flexible tube with a pyramidal funnel, and a distributor 4 control unit, which is connected to the stringer with a signal wire for transmitting the command impulse from stringer to dispenser.

The bead distributor, which is part of the typesetter, works as a separate device and with a stringer for automatic ejection of beads or beads one by one, from a large number of containers, according to a given color scheme. The number of containers depends on the number of distribution modules of the same design, having from 5 to 20 compartments, which are installed in a row parallel to each other, and are connected by a connector to the control unit. The modules are located above the pyramidal funnel, with the calculation of the fall of beads into it emitted by the modules. Next, from the big funnel, the beads go along the elastic tube, in turn, into the stringer. It is possible to use a dispenser without a stringer. A motion sensor is provided for this, and when the fingers are brought to the tube, the dispenser throws out the bead according to the program, and fingers pick up the bead. When working with the stringer, the beads enter it according to a predetermined program, according to which the controller boards activate the solenoids 8 in succession; in FIG. 2, which pull the beads out of the device. The command to issue the next bead goes from the stringer board to the distributor, immediately after stringing, then the distributor throws out the next bead. The master beads load according to their color codes into separate containers, distribution modules located on the rack with the control unit.

The distribution module in FIG. 2, FIG. 3 consists of two tiers of the upper and lower, interconnected by racks. The upper part is a movable capacitor carriage with compartments 10, a fixed base 13, and a motor with a gearbox 12, while the lower part is a long bar 9, with cylindrical holes horizontal and vertical 14, in FIG. 5, attached to the bottom edge and along a rectangular base with solenoids opposite each horizontal hole. In each horizontal hole there are side grooves extending in a horizontal plane along the axis, a movable pusher flap is inserted in the grooves 17. The movable carriage in the upper part is a long rectangular box with no bottom divided by partitions into compartments for beads. The bottom is a rectangular base 13, along which the carriage moves backward in translation, on the slide guides 11, without touching the base, with a gap of 0.3 mm using a motor with a gearbox, its stroke is from 4 mm to 5 mm. In each compartment in the base there is a round calibrated hole 6, with a diameter of 2.6 mm, under the standard of beads 2.2 mm - 2.4 mm. In the hole chamfer 5, in FIG. 4, with an angle of 150 degrees and a diameter of 6 mm, which provides the best passage of beads. Next, the beads pass into the soft transparent tubes 7, in FIG. 2, with an internal diameter of 2.8 mm for the above-mentioned standard beads. The tubes are inserted from the bottom of the base inside the holes drilled along the outer diameter of the tubes in FIG. 5. The other end of the tube is inserted into the lower part and brought to a vertical round hole in the bar, this bar is attached to the bottom to a rectangular base, 4 mm thick. Based on the solenoids, opposite the bar under each tank carriage in FIG. 2, twenty nodes that directly emit beads were made as a result of making forty cylindrical holes in it, in each node two holes, one horizontal, opposite the solenoid rod, the other vertical, running coaxially into the horizontal hole to its axis. Along the horizontal hole, grooves run along the sides in a horizontal plane. A rectangular flat pusher valve is inserted into these slots. The pusher flap moves freely along the grooves along the hole, it also has a round hole 16, 2.7 mm in diameter, which coincides with the vertical hole when the flap moves, which is its initial position. A small segment 15 is glued to the flap bottom exactly along the cut-out, it acts as a pusher, the pusher-flap is connected to the solenoid .. The tube and the vertical hole when the capacitor carriage moves is filled with beads, but one passes into the hole of the pusher flap and takes up space in the horizontal hole. When the solenoid pulls out the flap, the segment pushes the bead out of the horizontal hole, and it falls into the pyramidal funnel 2, in FIG. 3. The next bead remains on the pusher flap within the vertical hole, when the pusher flap returns, with a solenoid spring, the next bead fills its hole. The controller board also turns the gearbox on and off, which moves the capacity-carriage with beads, according to the activity of the module and its movement, the master adjusts the program optimally, so that the required number of beads is always in the tubes. The master chooses the number of modules for the distribution of beads according to the complexity of the task and can be from 1 to 10 when changing the dimensions of the rack and the configuration of the control unit. The modules are mounted on a folding rack in its upper part.

Threading device is a device that operates both separately and as a part of the typesetter, receiving beads from the distributor, coming through a flexible tube from a pyramidal funnel, which enter the cone-shaped funnel of the stringer 22, FIG. 6 with a vibrating device 21, and further onto the needle 27, by means of a conical funnel with a vibrating device, with a calibrated orifice 36, in FIG. 8, under the required standard beads. A funnel with a vibrating device is installed with a hole downwards, on spring hangers in an adjustable bracket 35, in FIG. 7, covering the funnel around. The position of the funnel relative to the needle is adjusted by set screws 34. In this case, the needle 27 is inserted vertically into the hole of the funnel, without touching it from below; the tip of the needle is at the level of the upper edge of the calibrated hole exactly in the center of the hole. The vibrating funnel rotates the bead that has fallen into it and, if its hole coincides with the needle tip, the bead falls down along the needle, which is located in the center of the calibrated hole. The needle does not have a sharp end, but rounded.

The master inserts the needle into the jaws between the movable jaws 20, which the solenoids 25, dilute and align linearly on the carriages 24, at one point with the planes to meet each other, due to the adjustable stop 26, the sponges do not touch each other, but have a gap smaller than the diameter needles 0.2 mm. The jaws have transverse stops 37, in FIG. 8, at the top and bottom of each sponge, on the left sponge, the stoppers support the needle on one side, and on the right one on the other. The transverse stops do not allow the needle to move along the sponge plane. Thus, the needle is always in the center of the hole in the funnel. Two grippers with such jaws installed one above the other hold the needle vertically, the jaws converge at one point so that if the upper gripper is diluted, the lower one will continue to hold the needle motionless. Then the bead falls on the sponges located below and their pair of solenoids dilutes these sponges after the upper pair of sponges has come together. The needle always remains in the same position as well due to the lower grip in FIG. 6. FIG. 9. This grip is arranged so that on the left it fits linearly and creates an abutment for the stopper, in the form of a metal rectangular plate 31 that supports the needle, and on the other hand the stopper 33 fits, with a pyramidal tip 3 mm long, rigidly fixed in the holder right carriage. The stopper on the right side fixes and corrects the needle standing vertically, going with the sharp end exactly into the upper part of the ear in FIG. 9. While the two upper grippers hold the needle, letting the bead go down, the catch with the stopper and the stop is divorced, skips the bead and comes down to its original position, and the stopper again passes into the eyelet. The second variant of the stopper is a fork covering the needle from two sides, for a special needle with a groove for the fork, they are set up so as not to put pressure on the needle. Simultaneously with the dilution of the lower grip, the tape-roller mechanism is triggered. 28. A tape of elastic and durable material is attached to the right carriage, passes through a roller located on the left carriage, and its other end is attached to a spring, the tape passes through the rollers, and glued perpendicularly to the tape mini stick 29, made of flexible plastic, pushes the bead onto the thread 32. Linear sliding guides 18 provide precise, without backlash, movement of the steel carriage 24. All nodes are located on a rectangular steel base 3 0. The needle has two ears, one for the stopper, another for the thread, or one in common, and also has a cut in the eyelet for dressing the thread without removing it from the stringer. The device has a laser receiver 19 and an emitter 23, under a conical funnel. The laser beam is quite wide, passes through the area where the bead falls from the funnel on the needle, remaining on the upper pair of sponges. The photocell of the receiver is closed with a darkening material, in which a 0.2 mm hole is made. The needle shade does not fall on this hole. When the bead's shadow falls on this hole, the receiver triggers and starts this sequential automatic operation of all the grips shown in the figures. The laser overlap in FIG. 10, opening the first engagement in FIG. 11, the opening of the second gripper in FIG. 12, and the opening of the third gripper with a stopper in FIG. 13. As well as from the laser receiver, a counter works, which on the display records the number of beads worn on the thread. This provides control over the work being done and avoid mistakes in the color range of the picture.

The needle needle uses a long needle, a funnel with a vibrating element on the bracket, in the device two grippers, the upper 39; in FIG. 14, and the lower 43. The upper fixes the needle at the top of the funnel, with the help of forks in FIG. 16. The gripping forks are fixed on the left carriage holder and are located one above the other on the right carriage holder; one fork is positioned on the right carriage holder, and the plane is inserted between the left carriage forks, their position is adjusted by the fixing screws. The lower grip is manually retracted in order to insert and reach the needle. It is designed as a peg 42, in FIG. 15, when the clothespins are compressed by hand from the back of the device, the upper grip automatically opens, the counter and the laser receiver do not work. To adjust the upper grip for the length of the needle, there is a height adjuster 40. The master adjusts the gap between the gripping forks with a set screw 44. The funnel hole in this device is below, has a skirt, and has an extension in the shape of a cone 38 so that the long needle does not fall out of the calibrated hole during the opening of the upper grip. The performance of this device is desktop on a stand with a stand 41, its essence is that stringing can be done both by simply throwing beads into the funnel one at a time, and with the dispenser. Having only one active pickup increases stringing speed.

To implement the invention it is necessary to comply with a number of conditions necessary for the stable operation of the main mechanical components. Namely, the stringer funnel, the base under the carriage of the dispenser module, and the base of the directly ejecting device must be made of wear-resistant solid plastic, with a low rate of static electricity accumulation, the latter also applies to elastic tubes. All the holes for the passage of beads, made in the hard parts of the device, have one diameter for a certain standard of beads. The ratio of the diameters for the beads is: beads from 2.2 mm to 2.4 mm, the hole for it is exactly 2.6 mm, the tolerance is +0.05. In the upper part of the holes in the base of the containers, a chamfer is cut with a total angle of 160 degrees and a diameter of 6 mm. Distributor solenoids must have power and stroke sufficient for a certain size of beads. Gearboxes for distributor modules of sufficient power, with revolutions of 14-20 per minute. The vibrator funnel funnel must be able to adjust for optimum power. The laser receiver is tightly closed with an opaque material and a 0.2 mm hole is made in it; The laser beam is wide enough to 2 mm. The wires of the motor and the motor of the funnel vibration itself are shielded, in order to avoid electromagnetic interference to the laser receiver. The grippers of the stringer should not have any backlash when moving; to do this, the sliding guides with a lubricant must be precisely adjusted to the size. The option is possible on ball bearings, but this complicates the manufacture of the device. The carriages of the grippers are connected by springs to increase the force of compression of the needle. The needles of the stringer can be used both with two ears - one for fixing in height, the other for the thread with a slot at the top, and with one with a slot in the middle. Possible options for using needles and without a slot in the ear. The stopper on the right lower carriage and the stop on the left carriage have an adjusting screw for micro-adjusting the position in the horizontal plane. The second variant of the stopper is made in the form of a fork which covers the needle from two sides, for which a micro groove for the plug is made in the needle; The funnel's funnel is also adjusted with micro adjustment screws. All individual metal parts of the stringer are connected with screws, All individual parts of the distribution module, made of plastic, are interconnected with screws and metal with screws. The stringer grippers open in turn the approximate time: the first pair is 200 ms, the pause is 50 ms, the second is 200 ms, the pause is 50 ms, and the third pair is 200 ms. These values are averaged for all sizes of beads and can be changed, because they depend on the accuracy of the technical parameters and settings of the grippers of the stringer.

All other parameters, such as the size of the dispenser's capacity, their number in the module, the size of the machine itself, the stringer as a whole, including the needle, do not play a significant role in the operation of the devices. All the above conclusions were made as a result of testing the work of the invention in practice. To check the work of the funnel, the material “polymorphus” was used, from which a funnel was made in the form of a cone with an angle of 100 degrees. A motor is mounted on the funnel to provide vibration. Based on the stringer, a laser receiver and emitter are installed, as well as a counter with a display on the Arduino UNO platform. A device was made consisting of three grippers with A ZYE1-1039 / DC 12V solenoids, corresponding to the description, but performed by simple methods, at home, with parameters and design having an error greater than in the description and on the drawings. Also, these experiments showed that the stringer is able to perform its function. Biserines were thrown into the funnel one by one, and as a result they turned out to be on a thread at a speed of 1 second between the falls in the funnel. The needle at the same time remained in its place. The speed of stringing with the quality of the device may be more.

The operation of the main unit of the bead distributor, namely the pusher flap, was also checked, the bar was made of Plexiglas, holes were drilled in it and grooves were cut out with a jigsaw. The valve pusher was made of plastic packaging; Transparent tubes for insulation, which taper when heated for beads No. 10 2.2-2.4, were calibrated on a solid copper cable core with a cross section of squares squared cross section. mm, with a diameter of 2.76. The solenoid 12vSH-04215-015 was used and the module design was made according to the description, and at the push of a button, the pusher gate threw out as many beads as many times as the button was pressed. The carriage with the base and holes was also designed and tested. For a movable tank carriage, a motor with a gearbox with 14 revolutions per minute is used. The device works with a controller that is connected to a PC and a special application on the PC.

Claims (30)

1. A programmatic typesetter of beads consisting of a folding stand, a distributor of beads made up of distribution modules with a moving carriage in the amount of one to ten, vertical soft tubes, solenoids and pusher valves throwing beads one by one according to the program on the PC , as well as a control unit with one to four controller boards, a large pyramidal funnel, a stringer of a filar on an adjustable bracket, which automatically strings ejected beads onto the thread, consisting of a funnel with a calibrated orifice and a vibrating device, a laser receiver and emitter, as well as three grippers holding the needle vertically, the upper end in the center of the calibrated hole of the funnel, and bred in turn, pushing the bead into the thread of the mechanism, a flexible tube passing from the outlet a large funnel in the stringer, or a needle threader with two hooks, stringing beads on a long needle, while the design of the device is applicable to beads of any size close to spherical Coy or spherical shape, with dimensions according displacement beads nodes.
2. Typesetter according to claim. 1, characterized in that it has a connection between the stringer and the distributor for transmitting a command in the form of a pulse from the stringer to the distributor for issuing the next bead.
3. The typesetter according to claim 1, characterized in that the capacity is a carriage without a bottom and is divided by partitions into compartments from which the flexible tubules are filled with beads; to avoid unnecessary carriage travel during automatic operation together with the stringer, the program turns on and turns off the motor with a gearbox, while the capacity only moves according to the module's activity, for which the program has a setting.
4. A typesetter according to Claim. 1, characterized in that the vertical soft tubules are designed for their multiple withdrawal from the mounting holes.
5. A typesetter according to Claim. 1, characterized in that the pusher flap has a rectangular shape, a round hole, a segment and is made of wear-resistant plastic.
6. A typesetter according to claim 1, characterized in that the three grips according to claim 1 are arranged so that the two upper grips have flat lips with needle-holding devices on the sides of the stoppers, and one lower one contains a stop on the left and a right stop that goes into the eye of the needle, Below is a tape-roller mechanism, pushing the bead onto the thread.
7. A typesetter according to claim 1, characterized in that the control unit is mounted on a rack, below a large funnel, and has controller boards, transistor switches to amplify the controller outputs, a switch, module and threader connectors, a USB output, a DC power supply.
8. Bead distributor, configured to work with or without a stringer, for distributing beads according to the program and consisting of a folding rack and a control unit with controllers placed on it, in the upper part of the rack of several distribution modules of the same design, quantity from one to ten, a pyramidal funnel located under the distribution modules; each distribution module consists of two tiers, the upper tier is a base in the form of a rectangular plate with a movable carriage-container on sliding guides placed on it and along it, an electric motor with a gearbox connected to the carriage-capacity; the lower tier is also a rectangular base with solenoids and a bar along the base on the edge with horizontal and vertical holes and pusher flaps in the grooves of the horizontal holes connected to the solenoids, flexible transparent tubes, passing from the base of the upper tier to the bar of the lower tier; a tube with a motion sensor is output from the pyramidal funnel to give a command signal to issue beads, while the device design is applicable to beads of any size close to spherical or spherical shape, while the dimensions of the beads moving nodes correspond.
9. The distributor according to claim. 8, characterized in that it works with the stringer, taking impulse from it, giving the command to issue the next bead.
10. Distributor according to claim. 8, characterized in that it works with the controller board with the outputs connected to the solenoids through a transistor switch, which is an output amplifier.
11. The distributor according to claim. 8, characterized in that the pusher valves are connected to solenoids located on a rectangular base opposite the bar and perpendicular to the bar under each compartment of the upper tier capacity.
12. The distribution module, consisting of two tiers, the upper tier contains a rectangular base of wear-resistant plastic, with calibrated round holes with a beveled face, serving as a bottom for the container-carriage, which is located on the base, in the form of a long rectangular box with compartments for beads, quantity from five to twenty compartments, which the electromotor with a reducer moves inversely accessible, brought from the bottom of the base to the calibrated round holes flexible transparent tubes and passing vertically to the lower tier, which consists of a flat rectangular base, a bar of wear-resistant plastic attached along and along the edge of the base, solenoids under each compartment of the tank-carriage, with pusher flaps in the form of rectangular mini plates in grooves passing in a horizontal plane along the axis of horizontal cylindrical holes ; in the bar there are also vertical cylindrical holes passing from the top with flexible tubes connected to them through which the beads flow, in the pusher flap there is a round hole coinciding with the vertical one in the initial position, the solenoid pulls out the flap and a segment at the flap hole pushes the bead.
13. The module according to claim 12, characterized in that the capacity-carriage for the beads is connected to the gearbox of the electric motor, mounted on the slide guides and has a stroke of 3 mm and up to 6 mm, the electric motor with the gearbox is mounted on the edge of the rectangular base of the upper tier.
14. The module according to claim 12, characterized in that the vertical cylindrical holes in the bar pass exactly into the horizontal cylindrical hole to its axis, and a flexible tube is inserted into them from above.
15. The module according to claim 12, characterized in that each valve, a pusher in an amount of from five to twenty pieces, is pulled by a separate solenoid located on a rectangular base opposite the bar and perpendicular to the bar under each compartment of the upper tier capacity.
16. The module according to claim 12, characterized in that the segment of the pusher flap is attached at the edge of the hole, which is closer to the free end of the flap, to push the beads.
17. Thread filler consisting of a steel base placed on it in the rear part of the controller board, in the upper part of a plastic cone in the shape of a cone with a calibrated hole and a vibrating device, a laser receiver and a radiator, below the three grippers working with solenoids, which part and reduce carriages in slide guides; the grippers hold the needle vertically and the upper end in the center of the calibrated hole of the funnel, the two upper grippers have two flat jaws, which converge towards each other and clamp the needle, covering it from all sides, and one lower gripper for the eye of the needle, consisting of the stop in the holder on the left carriage, holding the needle to the left in the middle of the ear, and a mini stopper in the holder on the right carriage with a pyramid-shaped tip, reaching exactly in the upper part of the needle's eye; the second version of the stopper is a fork, covering the needle from two sides, for a special needle with a groove for the fork; A tape-roller mechanism is located at the bottom of the base, which pushes the bead to the thread, while the structure of the threader is applicable to beads of any size close to spherical or spherical shape, while the sizes of the nodes of the passage of beads match.
18. The stringer according to claim 17, characterized in that it has a controller board mounted on the back of the base with outputs connected to three pairs of solenoids via transistor switches, which are output amplifiers.
19. The threader according to claim 17, characterized in that the funnel is suspended on springs in a bracket on screws with the possibility of adjusting its position relative to the needle.
20. The strap tool according to claim 17, characterized in that the claws have set screws in the slide guides, for adjusting the position of the jaws and the gap between them and for adjusting the position of the stop with the stopper.
21. The threader according to claim 17, characterized in that the upper grips, when converging, have a gap between the jaws, which is less than the thickness of the needle by 0.2 mm.
22. The needle threader according to claim 17, characterized in that the jaws of the upper hooks have transverse adjustable stops, at the top and bottom together with which the needle is caught from all sides.
23. The stringer as claimed in claim 17, characterized in that the belt-roller mechanism at the bottom grip consists of two rollers mounted on the base and one roller on the left lower carriage arranged so as to provide a l-shaped movement of the belt that is attached to the right carriage passes through the rollers, and on the other hand is attached to the spring, a mini stick is attached perpendicularly to the tape, which, with a l-shaped movement during the breeding of the carriages, pushes the bead onto the thread.
24. A needle threader containing a steel base with a height-adjustable stand and a table stand, upper grip with plates in the form of double forks, holding the needle in the center of the funnel hole, a grip-pin for the needle with handles on the back side, a plastic funnel in the shape of a cone on the bracket with a vibration device; The funnel has a skirt at the outlet, holding the needle within the hole of the funnel; also contains a laser receiver with an emitter for counting beads and automatic gripping, a controller board, a 7-segment display with 4 digits, solenoids, which pull and pull the gripping forks on carriages in the slide guides, while the device can Also string beads of other sizes close to spherical or spherical shape.
25. The stringer on p. 24, characterized in that the table stand contains a 7-segment display with 4 digits, for counting beads, a connector for power and connection with a bead distributor and a controller board.
26. The stringer on p. 24, characterized in that the upper grip works automatically with the controller board with the outputs connected to the solenoids through a transistor switch, which is an output amplifier.
27. The stringer on p. 24, characterized in that the grip-pegs have a microswitch mounted on the rack and connected to the controller board located in the table stand.
28. Threading device according to claim 24, characterized in that the gripping forks on the left carriage holder are arranged planes one above the other, on the right carriage there is one fork that walks along the plane between the forks of the left carriage, their position is adjusted by mounting screws.
29. A method of stringing beads or beads close to a spherical or spherical shape on a needle, using a conical funnel located downstream of the calibrated orifice, with a vibrating device and a vertically positioned needle, with the upper end in the center of the calibrated orifice, consisting in the fact that the funnel bead or bead rotates from the funnel's vibration, its hole coincides with the needle's end and the bead freely descends down the needle through a calibrated hole corresponding to the size beads, then a laser emitter and a micro-aperture laser receiver monitor the presence of beads on the needle, for subsequent processing.
30. Method of automatic distribution of beads using a movable tank-carriage with compartments, bases with calibrated holes, flexible transparent tubes extending from the bottom of the base and passing vertically into the lower base with a bar having vertical and horizontal cylindrical holes, and also pusher flaps, which move the solenoids in the slots of the plane along the horizontal holes; the flap has a round hole that coincides with a vertical hole in the bar, which is its initial position, in which the beads fill the tubes with the help of a reciprocating movement of the carriage capacity, while one bead is always in the hole of the pusher flap, each solenoid pulls out the flap, and the flap pushes each bead in turn, according to the data loaded into the program on the PC, and using the control unit with the controllers.
RU2017144650A 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Software compositor of beads, distributor of beads, dispensing module, thread injector, bead needle RU2693502C2 (en)

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RU2017144650A RU2693502C2 (en) 2017-12-20 2017-12-20 Software compositor of beads, distributor of beads, dispensing module, thread injector, bead needle
PCT/RU2018/050164 WO2019125224A1 (en) 2017-12-20 2018-12-17 Programmed bead stringer

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SU98420A1 (en) * 1953-04-04 1953-11-30 Б.Я. Гартенберг The method of decorative finishing of fabrics and other materials with beads
RU2262562C1 (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-10-20 Южно-Уральский государственный университет Method for sewing of beads
CN104213345A (en) * 2014-09-22 2014-12-17 温州欧罗华实业有限公司 Automatic beading device of pearl embroidery
CN105908405A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-08-31 江阴市迷迷她服饰有限公司 Adjustable pearl embroidery support
CN106978681A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-07-25 杭州慧群机电设备有限公司 A kind of pearl embroidery device Xia Zhu mechanisms

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SU1758119A1 (en) * 1989-11-22 1992-08-30 И.В.Димитриев Sewing machine needle
CN2905495Y (en) * 2005-07-28 2007-05-30 曾瑞泉 Slant type multiple needle porous bead stringing machine
US10244834B2 (en) * 2016-02-10 2019-04-02 Choon's Design Llc Bead bracelet loom
CN206565437U (en) * 2017-03-06 2017-10-20 绍兴庚森纺织有限公司 Automatic bead stringing machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU98420A1 (en) * 1953-04-04 1953-11-30 Б.Я. Гартенберг The method of decorative finishing of fabrics and other materials with beads
RU2262562C1 (en) * 2004-04-06 2005-10-20 Южно-Уральский государственный университет Method for sewing of beads
CN104213345A (en) * 2014-09-22 2014-12-17 温州欧罗华实业有限公司 Automatic beading device of pearl embroidery
CN105908405A (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-08-31 江阴市迷迷她服饰有限公司 Adjustable pearl embroidery support
CN106978681A (en) * 2017-04-24 2017-07-25 杭州慧群机电设备有限公司 A kind of pearl embroidery device Xia Zhu mechanisms

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