RU180744U1 - Sauna stove with heater - Google Patents

Sauna stove with heater Download PDF

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Publication number
RU180744U1
RU180744U1 RU2017141063U RU2017141063U RU180744U1 RU 180744 U1 RU180744 U1 RU 180744U1 RU 2017141063 U RU2017141063 U RU 2017141063U RU 2017141063 U RU2017141063 U RU 2017141063U RU 180744 U1 RU180744 U1 RU 180744U1
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RU
Russia
Prior art keywords
furnace
heater
channels
heat
heat storage
Prior art date
Application number
RU2017141063U
Other languages
Russian (ru)
Inventor
Анатолий Николаевич Ряполов
Егор Анатольевич Ряполов
Людмила Гавриловна Ряполова
Дарья Анатольевна Ряполова
Original Assignee
Анатолий Николаевич Ряполов
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Анатолий Николаевич Ряполов filed Critical Анатолий Николаевич Ряполов
Priority to RU2017141063U priority Critical patent/RU180744U1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of RU180744U1 publication Critical patent/RU180744U1/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B9/00Stoves, ranges or flue-gas ducts, with additional provisions for heating water 

Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of heat engineering, namely to domestic bath stoves, and is intended for heating a room, heating water and generating steam. A furnace for a bath containing a furnace with an ash pan and grate, a heater with heat storage load, flues and a water tank, this heater, filled with a heat-storage load, is made at least in two separate parts, the main one above the firebox and an additional one on its side and / or rear surfaces, made in the form of flat rectangles at the same time, at least two oppositely directed ascending channels for heating stones and exhaust gases are made in the main heater inside the heat storage load, and the water tank is mounted on one of the sides of the furnace . The angle of the ascending channels for the removal of heated gases in the heater is made equal to 0-4 degrees. Windows with doors are made on the front side of the furnace opposite the channels for removing heated gases to clean them from soot. Flat rectangular additional heaters fenced with a metal mesh made of rods are made equidistant to the geometry of the side and / or back surfaces of the furnace. At present, several prototypes of the furnace have been manufactured that are being tested. Preliminary test results are positive.

Description

The utility model relates to the field of heat engineering, namely to domestic bath stoves, and is intended for heating a room, heating water and generating steam.
A known design of a furnace for a bath, see RF patent No. 2347980, comprising a combustion chamber with a grate and a door, an external fuel channel, an ash pan, with an ash box, a guard, a chimney, a cavity for heat storage loading, a removable water tank, and the furnace additionally contains steam generators that are rigidly welded to the side walls of the furnace, a smoke collector is installed on top of the combustion chamber, the walls of which are connected to the arch: the combustion chamber, and its bottom is shorter than the smoke collector itself, at an angle of 75-85 ° to the horizontal, and has a slope to the front wall of the smoke collector and is rigidly welded to the side walls with a gap between the bottom edge and the front and rear walls of the smoke collector, while at the same time at an angle to the bottom of the smoke collector and along its midline line two partitions are fixed, having the shape of a rectangular trapezoid and forming from the top the chimney wall the central channel, in cross section representing a triangle with the top turned upside down, as well as two horizontal channels forming the upper, lower and side walls of the chimney, in cross section representing a rectangular trapezoid, the central channel has an exit to the chimney through the pipe, and from the side of the rear wall of the chimney it is deafly closed by a stop, which forms a gas duct with the rear wall, the partitions are shorter than the bottom of the chimney and formed between the end edges, the front wall and the upper wall of the chimney gas duct, a slit is made in the bottom of the smoke collector located in the central channel under the pipe of the smoke collector, while the combustion chamber in its upper part is truncated pyramid, the cavity for heat storage loading has a bottom, one part of which is the arch of the combustion chamber, and the other is located at an angle of 45-55 ° to the base of the combustion chamber and has ventilation holes around the perimeter, a removable water tank is mounted on the chimney and is equipped with valves - dispensers installed coaxially with channels for introducing water into the steam generators.
The disadvantages of the known furnace for a bath include the complexity of the design and low heat transfer to the heat storage load.
Known for a more perfect design of the furnace for the bath, see RF patent for the invention No. 2281433, M. cl. F24B 9/00 - a prototype containing a furnace with a continuous vault, a heater placed above the vault, a water tank installed above the heater and a gas duct and a hollow chamber passing through the heater and the hollow chamber, while the hollow chamber adjoins the furnace arch or to the bottom of the water tank and to the combustion chamber arch and is connected via vertical ducts of the gas duct to the furnace cavity and the chimney, while the axis of the channels are offset to opposite side walls of the furnace, and the passage section of the chamber is larger than the cross section of the duct so that the gas flow rate in the chamber drops sharply with the formation of vortices moving to another channel of the gas duct. A hole is provided in one of the side walls of the chamber, provided with a shutter.
The disadvantages of the known design include the low heat transfer by the heated gases to the heat storage load — heated water and “stones” in the heater.
The technical result of the proposed invention is to eliminate the disadvantages of the prototype, which consists in increasing the efficiency of heat transfer and improving the comfort of stay in the bath associated with a decrease in humidity.
The technical result achieved is achieved by using a combination of well-known features common to the prototype, containing a furnace with an ash pan and grate, a heater with a heat storage charge, flues and a water tank, and new features, namely, that a heater filled with a heat storage charge is made of at least , in the form of two separate parts, the main one above the firebox and additional on one of its lateral and / or rear surfaces, made in the form of flat rectangles fenced in llicheskoy grid of rods, while in the heater core inside the heat storage load is satisfied, at least two series-connected with each other in opposite directions uplink channel for heating stones and exhaust outlet, and the water tank is mounted on one of the sides of the furnace.
The angle of the ascending channels for the removal of heated gases in the heater is made equal to 0-4 degrees.
Windows with doors are made on the front side of the furnace opposite the channels for removing heated gases to clean them from soot.
Flat rectangular additional heaters fenced with a metal grid of rods are made equidistant to the geometry of the side and / or back surfaces of the furnace.
The novelty of the proposed furnace is the implementation of a heater filled with a heat storage load, at least in the form of two separate parts, the main one above the firebox and an additional one on one of its lateral and / or rear surfaces, made in the form of flat rectangles fenced with a metal grid of rods, while at least two oppositely directed ascending channels for heating stones and removing gases, made inside the heat storage load, and a water tank is mounted on one of the sides of the furnace.
Thus, the implementation of a heater filled with a heat storage load, at least in the form of two separate parts, the main one above the furnace and its additional one on its side and / or rear surfaces in the form of a flat shape of rectangles enclosed by a rod, allows the heat of combustion of fuel to be stored more fully and faster in the furnace, it is faster to heat the inside of the bathhouse and provide a stable thermal regime in it.
The implementation in the main heater, inside the heat storage load, of at least two oppositely directed ascending channels in series connected to each other for the removal of heated gases makes it possible to more fully transfer the heat of the heated gases to the heat storage load, which ultimately improves the heat transfer efficiency.
Installation of a water tank on one of the sides of the furnace allows you to quickly heat water in the tank and maintain the required temperature in it.
The signs of the angle of the ascending channels for the removal of heated gases in the heater equal to 0-4 degrees, the execution on the front side of the furnace opposite the channels for the removal of heated gases for cleaning them from soot of windows with doors, the execution of a rectangular flat shape of an additional heater enclosed by a bar made in equidistant geometry the side of the furnace, allow more fully use the heat sink side and / or rear surface of the furnace to heat the heat storage load are signs, additionally directed to achieve the set technical result.
As a heat storage load, natural stones, coarse pebbles, artificially created fragments of a cubic or round or oval shape or in the form of polyhedra can be used.
According to the patent information search, a combination of known and new features of the proposed device in the known sources of information was not found, which allows us to conclude about their novelty.
The absence of information sources in which the proposed essential features would be used, allows them to be attributed to the inventive step, and in combination with a description of the operation of the proposed device - industrially feasible.
In FIG. 1 schematically shows the proposed furnace for the bath.
The furnace for a bath consists of a firebox 1 with a door 2, inclined side walls 3, a grate 4, an ash drawer 5 for ash, ascending oppositely directed channels 6 and 7 for passing heated and hot gases, with windows and doors 8 for cleaning soot from the channels , a chimney 9, a capacity of 10 for water, additional removable nets 11 of the heater 12 with a heat storage load - stones (stones are not shown in the drawing). The grate 4 is made of equal-angled corners with the top pointing down.
A water tank is mounted on the side of the furnace. The front 13 and rear 14 walls of the furnace serve as supports for it. On the rear inner side of the furnace 1, opposite the door 2, in the form of a truncated hollow trapezoid, a channel 15 for blowing air is made. Windows 16 in the lower ascending channels 6 provide the entry of hot and heated gases into the channels.
The proposed furnace for the bath is as follows.
The fuel for the furnace is ignited on the grate 4. The part of the fuel that touches the side walls 3 of the furnace during combustion, and as the fuel burns, shifts down to the grate 4, thereby providing more complete combustion of the fuel and more complete heat transfer. To intensify the process of burning fuel, additional air enters the combustion zone through the channel 15 of the blowing. The heated gases, rising up through the windows 16, enter the inclined lower channels in an ascending direction. 6 for the passage of heated and hot gases and pass first forward to doors 8, and then through the communicating space between the lower 6 channels and the upper ascending channel 7 for the passage of heated and hot gases, the heated gases enter the upper inclined channel 7 and then through the chimney 9 out. In this case, heated gases, moving along the ascending channels 6 and 7 for the passage of heated and hot gases, transfer heat through its walls to the heat-accumulating charge to the stones located both in its upper main part 12 of the heater and its side part 11. Water in the tank 10, when heat is transferred through the side wall of the furnace, it heats up.
Fulfillment of the angle of the ascending channels for the removal of heated gases in the heater equal to 0-4 degrees allows you to more fully transfer the heat of the heated gases to the heat-accumulating load of stones and water in the tank 10. Performing on the front side of the furnace opposite the channels for the removal of heated gases for cleaning them from soot windows Doors allows at any time with good access to clean the ducts from the accumulated soot and thereby ensure efficient operation of the furnace.
The implementation of flat rectangular additional parts of the heater on one of the sides of the furnace and on its rear side, fenced by a rod, the equidistant geometry of the side and back sides of the furnace improves the heat transfer efficiency of the combustible fuel. Currently, the authors have made several prototypes of the furnace, which are being tested. Preliminary test results are positive.

Claims (4)

1. A furnace for a bath containing a firebox with an ash pan and a grate, a heater with a heat storage charge, flues and a water tank, characterized in that the heater filled with a heat storage charge is made in at least two separate parts, the main one above the firebox and additional on one of its lateral and / or rear surfaces, made in the form of flat rectangles fenced with a metal grid of rods, while in the main heater, at least wa sequentially connected with each other in opposite directions uplink channel for heating stones and exhaust outlet, and the water tank is mounted on one of the sides of the furnace.
2. The furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that the angle of the ascending channels for the removal of heated gases in the heater is made equal to 0-4 degrees.
3. The furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that windows with doors are made on the front side of the furnace opposite the channels for removing heated gases to clean them from soot.
4. The furnace according to claim 1, characterized in that the flat rectangular additional heaters fenced with a metal grid of rods are made equidistant to the geometry of the side and / or rear surfaces of the furnace.
RU2017141063U 2016-11-14 2016-11-14 Sauna stove with heater RU180744U1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2017141063U RU180744U1 (en) 2016-11-14 2016-11-14 Sauna stove with heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
RU2017141063U RU180744U1 (en) 2016-11-14 2016-11-14 Sauna stove with heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
RU180744U1 true RU180744U1 (en) 2018-06-22

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU192109U1 (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-09-04 Анатолий Николаевич Ряполов Bath stove
RU192410U1 (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-09-16 Максим Андреевич Жуков Floating box for heating the stove in a batch oven
RU2715487C1 (en) * 2019-05-27 2020-02-28 Анатолий Николаевич Ряполов Stove with stones heater for bath
RU2729639C1 (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-08-11 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Правильная Баня Heat accumulating loading attachment system in furnaces

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU34697U1 (en) * 2003-08-11 2003-12-10 Бессонов Константин Евгеньевич Convection-radiating flame furnace
RU2347980C1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2009-02-27 Юрий Степанович Левчук Bath-house furnace
RU95799U1 (en) * 2010-03-24 2010-07-10 Юрий Степанович Левчук Furnace for a bath
RU108822U1 (en) * 2011-04-25 2011-09-27 Геннадий Петрович Дюжиков Oven
RU119073U1 (en) * 2012-05-10 2012-08-10 Олег Альбертович Трухачев FURNACE FOR A BATH
RU125312U1 (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-02-27 Юрий Степанович Левчук Bath furnace with gas bottom burner

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU34697U1 (en) * 2003-08-11 2003-12-10 Бессонов Константин Евгеньевич Convection-radiating flame furnace
RU2347980C1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2009-02-27 Юрий Степанович Левчук Bath-house furnace
RU95799U1 (en) * 2010-03-24 2010-07-10 Юрий Степанович Левчук Furnace for a bath
RU108822U1 (en) * 2011-04-25 2011-09-27 Геннадий Петрович Дюжиков Oven
RU119073U1 (en) * 2012-05-10 2012-08-10 Олег Альбертович Трухачев FURNACE FOR A BATH
RU125312U1 (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-02-27 Юрий Степанович Левчук Bath furnace with gas bottom burner

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
RU192410U1 (en) * 2019-04-15 2019-09-16 Максим Андреевич Жуков Floating box for heating the stove in a batch oven
RU2715487C1 (en) * 2019-05-27 2020-02-28 Анатолий Николаевич Ряполов Stove with stones heater for bath
RU192109U1 (en) * 2019-05-30 2019-09-04 Анатолий Николаевич Ряполов Bath stove
RU2729639C1 (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-08-11 Общество с ограниченной ответственностью Правильная Баня Heat accumulating loading attachment system in furnaces

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