KR820000500Y1 - Waste rubber combustion apparatus - Google Patents

Waste rubber combustion apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
KR820000500Y1
KR820000500Y1 KR2019810000795U KR810000795U KR820000500Y1 KR 820000500 Y1 KR820000500 Y1 KR 820000500Y1 KR 2019810000795 U KR2019810000795 U KR 2019810000795U KR 810000795 U KR810000795 U KR 810000795U KR 820000500 Y1 KR820000500 Y1 KR 820000500Y1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
combustion
waste rubber
combustion chamber
rubber
cylinder
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KR2019810000795U
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
채진원
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채진원
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Priority to KR2019810000795U priority Critical patent/KR820000500Y1/en
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Publication of KR820000500Y1 publication Critical patent/KR820000500Y1/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/08Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating
    • F23G5/14Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating including secondary combustion
    • F23G5/16Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating including secondary combustion in a separate combustion chamber
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2202/00Combustion
    • F23G2202/10Combustion in two or more stages
    • F23G2202/103Combustion in two or more stages in separate chambers

Abstract

내용 없음.No content.

Description

폐품 고무 연소기Waste rubber combustor

제1도는 본 고안의 사시도.1 is a perspective view of the present invention.

제2도는 본 고안의 연소상태를 표시한 종단면도.2 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a combustion state of the present invention.

제3도는 본 고안의 요부 확대 단면도.Figure 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the main part of the present invention.

본 고안은 산업에 이용할 수 없는 폐품화된 고무를 연료로 사용하여 거의 완전 연소에 가깝도록 연소시킬 수 있도록 구성한 폐품 고무 연소기에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a waste rubber combustor configured to be burned to near full combustion using waste rubber that is not available for industry as fuel.

고무질은 연소성이 우수하며 발열량도 매우 높은 것은 주지의 사실이나 고무질이 연소될 때에는 많은 매연과 함께 유해가스가 발생하므로 공해요인상 연료로 사용하지 못하는 문제점이 있는 것이다.It is well known that rubber is excellent in combustibility and calorific value is very high, but when the rubber is combusted, harmful gases are generated along with a lot of soot.

그래서 산업 쓰레기를 연소키 위한 연소장치의 연구와 함께 폐품 고무도 연료원으로 사용할 수 있는 연소장치가 개발된 바 있으나, 이는 대규모의 장치를 시설해야 하기 때문에 그 시설비가 엄청나게 소요되는 관계로 일반 대중은 설치할 수 있는 애로점이 있는 것이다.Therefore, along with the study of the combustion device for burning industrial waste, a combustion device was developed in which waste rubber can also be used as a fuel source. However, since the large-scale device needs to be installed, the cost of the facility is enormous. There is a problem to install.

본 고안은 이러한 문제점을 감안하여 소규모의 연소기로서도 고무질을 그의 완전연소에 가깝도록 연소시킬 수 있도록 구성하여 일반 대중이 손쉽게 시설하여 저렴한 연료비로 열원을 얻을 수 있도록 함에 목적이 있는 것인 바, 이를 첨부도면에 의거 상세히 설명하면 다음과 갈다.In view of these problems, the present invention is designed to burn the rubber close to its complete combustion even with a small combustor, so that the general public can easily install and obtain a heat source at a low fuel cost. Detailed description based on the drawings will be as follows.

흡열통(1) 일측에 상부로 연료공급통(2)이 입설된 연소통(3)을 연설한 것에 있어서 연소통(3) 내부에 연료 공급통(2) 내서 하방으로 직립된 급기판(4)과 경사진 연소판(5)을 연소통(3)의 바닥(2a)까지 연설하되 급기판(4)의 하부에 급기공(4a)을 여러개 뚫으며 연소판(5)에 통기공(5a)을 여러개 뚫어 연통되는 제1연소실(6)과 제2연소실(7)을 형성하며 급기판(4)의 하부 바닥(2a)에는 급기공(8)을 뚫고, 제2연소실(7)의 바닥에는 연소판(5)의 단부에 연하여 보조연료 공급홈(9)을 연소판(5)의 단부를 따라 요설하며, 여러개의 급기공(10)(10a)을 뚫고, 바닥(2a) 하면에 급기실(11)을 형성하였다.In supplying the combustion cylinder 3 in which the fuel supply cylinder 2 was installed on the one side of the endothermic cylinder 1, the air supply board 4 which was erected downward in the fuel supply cylinder 2 inside the combustion cylinder 3 ) And the inclined combustion plate 5 to the bottom 2a of the combustion cylinder 3, but a plurality of air supply holes (4a) in the lower portion of the supply plate (4) and vent holes (5a) in the combustion plate (5) ), The first combustion chamber 6 and the second combustion chamber 7 are formed to communicate with each other, and the air supply hole 8 is drilled through the lower bottom 2a of the air supply plate 4, and the bottom of the second combustion chamber 7 is formed. The auxiliary fuel supply groove 9 is formed along the end of the combustion plate 5, connected to an end of the combustion plate 5, and drilled through a plurality of air supply holes 10, 10a, The air supply chamber 11 was formed.

그리고, 보조연료 공기홈(9)에는 연료 공급통(2)의 외부에 형성된 보조 연료통(12)에서 급유관(12a)을 통하여 급유토록 하였으며, 제2연소실(7)을 흡열통(1)에 배기관(7a)으로 연통하였고, 도면중 미설명부호13은 팬이며, 14는 연소통 후단의 개폐문이고, 15는 재받이통, 15a는 구멍이 뚫린 재받이통 개폐문이다.In addition, the auxiliary fuel air groove (9) is refueled through the oil supply pipe (12a) from the auxiliary fuel cylinder (12) formed outside the fuel supply cylinder (2), the second combustion chamber (7) to the heat absorbing cylinder (1) Communication with the exhaust pipe (7a), the reference numeral 13 in the drawing is a fan, 14 is the opening and closing door of the rear end of the combustion cylinder, 15 is the ash tray, 15a is the ash tray opening door with a hole.

이와 같은 본 고안은 적당한 크기로 절단한 폐품 고무편을 연료공급통(2)에 넣어 제1연소실(6) 내에 담기도록 한 다음 보조연료 공급홈(9)에 보조연료(경유)를 주입하여 보조연료 공급홈(9)의 단부에서 점차시키고, 팬 13을 가동시켜 공기를 공급하면 보조연료가 연소되면서 연소판(5)을 가열함과 동시에 제2연소실(7) 내를 가열하게 된다. 이때, 열기는 연소판(5)의 통기공(5a)을 통하여 통기공(5a)에 접허 있는 고무편을 가열하게 됨에 따라 고무편이 탄화되면서 발생하는 가연성 가스가 제2연소실(7)에서 연소케 되고 차츰 제1연소실(6) 내에 있는 고무편에 점화가 됨에 따라 급기공(4a)으로 공기가 공급되면서 연소가 되며, 화염은 통기공(5a)을 통하여 제2연소실(7)에서 공급되는 공기에 의하여 재연소케 되고, 배기관(7a)에서도 급기공(10)을 통해 공급된 공기에 의하여 재차 연소되어 흡열통(1)을 통해 연돌로 배기되는 동안 거의 완전 연소에 가까운 연소열로 흡열통(1)을 가열하게 된다.The present invention is to put the waste rubber pieces cut to a suitable size in the fuel supply container (2) to be contained in the first combustion chamber (6), and then supplemented by injecting auxiliary fuel (light oil) into the auxiliary fuel supply groove (9). When the air is supplied from the end of the fuel supply groove 9 and the fan 13 is operated, the auxiliary fuel is burned, thereby heating the combustion plate 5 and simultaneously heating the inside of the second combustion chamber 7. At this time, the hot air heats the rubber piece which is in contact with the ventilation hole 5a through the ventilation hole 5a of the combustion plate 5, so that the combustible gas generated as the rubber piece is carbonized is burned in the second combustion chamber 7. And gradually ignite the rubber piece in the first combustion chamber 6, the air is supplied to the air supply hole 4a and combusted, and the flame is air supplied from the second combustion chamber 7 through the ventilation hole 5a. By the heat supplied through the air supply hole (10) in the exhaust pipe (7a) and is burned again by exhaust heat to the stack through the heat absorbing tube (1) with the heat of combustion almost close to the endothermic tube (1) Will heat.

이때 배기관(7a)으로 배출되는 재는 재받이통15에 낙하되며 연소판(5)에 통기공(5a)을 형성하는 돌편에 재치된 고무편은 연소판(5) 면에서 연소되는 정도에 따라 하부로 순조롭게 낙하되면서 지속적으로 연소케 되는 것이다.At this time, the ash discharged to the exhaust pipe (7a) is dropped in the ash tray 15 and the rubber piece placed on the stone pieces forming the vent hole (5a) in the combustion plate 5 is lowered according to the degree of combustion on the surface of the combustion plate (5) As it falls down smoothly, it burns continuously.

그리고, 고열로 연소시킬 필요가 없을 때에는 팬 13의 가동을 중단시키고, 연소통 후단의 개폐문 14과 재받이통의 개폐문 15a을 열어두므로써 공기의 소통을 원활히 하여 연소를 지속시켜 주며 특히 본 고안의 연료로서 폐품고무 절단편에 톱밥과 조연재(약품)를 혼합한 연료를 사용하므로써 톱밥이 고무편보다 먼저연소되면서 제1연소실(6)에서의 통기성을 향상시켜 주며, 조연재에 의하여 고무편의 연소를 촉진시켜줌과 동시에 유해가스를 연소하여 제거시켜 주므로 더욱 연소효율을 향상시킬 수 있다.And, when it is not necessary to burn at a high temperature, the fan 13 is stopped, and the opening and closing door 14 at the rear end of the combustion cylinder and the opening and closing door 15a of the receiving container are opened to facilitate the communication of air to maintain combustion. Sawdust is burned before rubber pieces and improves breathability in the first combustion chamber 6 by using fuel mixed with waste rubber cutting pieces as fuel as sawdust. At the same time, it burns and removes harmful gases, thereby improving combustion efficiency.

이와 같이 본 고안은 산업페기물인 폐품 고무 및 합성고무를 종래의 대규모 시설인 산업 쓰레기 연소장치에 의하지 않고서도 간단한 구조로 보다 효과적으로 연소시켜 거의 완전연소에 가깝도록 연소시킬 수 있으므로 고무질이 연소될때 발생하는 매연이나 유해가스를 제거할 수 있기 때문에 난로에서 보일러에 이르기까지 간단히 시설하여 폐품고무를 연료로 한 대처 에너지를 얻을 수 있는 효과가 있다.As such, the present invention is capable of combusting waste rubber and synthetic rubber, which are industrial wastes, with a simple structure more effectively by burning them more efficiently by using a simpler structure than an industrial waste combustion device, which is a large-scale facility. Since soot and harmful gas can be removed, it is possible to obtain energy to cope with waste rubber by simply installing facilities from stove to boiler.

Claims (1)

도시한 바와 같이 흡열통(1) 일측에 연료공급통(2)이 입설된 연소통(3)을 연설한 공지의 것에 있어서 연소통(3)내부에 연료공급통(2) 하방으로 직립된 급기관(4)과 경사진 연소판(5)을 격설하여 제1연소실(6)과 제2연소실(7)을 형성하여 제2연소실(7)의 바닥에는 연소판(5)의 단부에 연하여 보조연료 공급홈(9)을 요설하며 여러개의 급기공(10)(10a)을 뚫고 바닥(2a) 하면에 급기실(11)을 형성하여서 된 폐품 고무 연소기.As shown in the drawing, the fuel tank (2) is placed on one side of the endothermic barrel (1). The engine 4 and the inclined combustion plate 5 are arranged so as to form the first combustion chamber 6 and the second combustion chamber 7, and the bottom of the second combustion chamber 7 is connected to the end of the combustion plate 5. The waste rubber combustor is formed by supplying the auxiliary fuel supply groove (9) and forming the air supply chamber (11) at the bottom of the bottom (2a) through a plurality of air supply holes (10, 10a).
KR2019810000795U 1981-02-03 1981-02-03 Waste rubber combustion apparatus KR820000500Y1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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KR2019810000795U KR820000500Y1 (en) 1981-02-03 1981-02-03 Waste rubber combustion apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR2019810000795U KR820000500Y1 (en) 1981-02-03 1981-02-03 Waste rubber combustion apparatus

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KR820000500Y1 true KR820000500Y1 (en) 1982-03-31

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KR2019810000795U KR820000500Y1 (en) 1981-02-03 1981-02-03 Waste rubber combustion apparatus

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