KR19990064706A - Exhaust gas combustion apparatus of gasification pyrolysis incinerator using high temperature thermocouple tube - Google Patents

Exhaust gas combustion apparatus of gasification pyrolysis incinerator using high temperature thermocouple tube Download PDF

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Publication number
KR19990064706A
KR19990064706A KR1019990015739A KR19990015739A KR19990064706A KR 19990064706 A KR19990064706 A KR 19990064706A KR 1019990015739 A KR1019990015739 A KR 1019990015739A KR 19990015739 A KR19990015739 A KR 19990015739A KR 19990064706 A KR19990064706 A KR 19990064706A
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South Korea
Prior art keywords
exhaust gas
combustion chamber
high temperature
temperature thermocouple
thermocouple tube
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KR1019990015739A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
김충석
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김충석
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Priority to KR1019990015739A priority Critical patent/KR19990064706A/en
Publication of KR19990064706A publication Critical patent/KR19990064706A/en

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Abstract

본 발명은 열분해 소각로의 배기가스인 열분해 건류 가스를 보다 완전하게 연소하기 위해 배기가스를 연소하는 2차연소실에 고온 열전대관을 설치하여 완전 연소가 이루어지도록 하기 위한 고온열전대관을 이용한 가스화 열분해 소각로의 배기가스 연소장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention provides a gasification pyrolysis incinerator using a high temperature thermocouple tube for the complete combustion by installing a high temperature thermocouple tube in the secondary combustion chamber that burns the exhaust gas to more completely burn the pyrolysis dry gas, the exhaust gas of the pyrolysis incinerator. It relates to an exhaust gas combustion device.

종래의 열분해 소각로는 쓰레기를 태워서 가스화 하는 1차연소실과, 1차연소실에서 발생한 배기가스를 태우는 2차연소실로 구성되는데, 특히 2차연소실에서 배기가스를 완전연소하지 못하여 연기를 발생시켜 대기오염을 일으킬 수 있었다.The conventional pyrolysis incinerator is composed of a primary combustion chamber for burning waste gas and a secondary combustion chamber for burning exhaust gas generated from the primary combustion chamber. Particularly, the secondary combustion chamber does not completely burn exhaust gases and generates smoke to produce air pollution. Could cause.

본 발명은 이 같은 종래의 단점을 개선하기 위하여 배기가스를 연소하는 2차연소실에 허니콤 형상의 고온열전대관을 설치하여 배기가스가 완전 연소되어 매연이 발생하지 않도록 한 것이다.The present invention is to provide a honeycomb-shaped high temperature thermocouple tube in the secondary combustion chamber for burning the exhaust gas in order to improve such a conventional disadvantage so that the exhaust gas is completely burned so that smoke does not occur.

Description

고온 열전대관을 이용한 가스화 열분해 소각로의 배기가스 연소장치Exhaust gas combustion apparatus of gasification pyrolysis incinerator using high temperature thermocouple tube

본 발명은 1차연소실에서 발생한 배기가스를 보다 완전하게 연소하여 매연을 방지토록 하기 위하여 배기가스를 연소하는 2차연소실에 허니콤 형상의 고온열전대관을 형성한 고온 열전대관을 이용한 가스화 열분해 소각로의 배기가스 연소장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a gasification pyrolysis incinerator using a high temperature thermocouple tube in which a honeycomb-type high temperature thermocouple tube is formed in a secondary combustion chamber in which the exhaust gas is combusted in order to more completely burn the exhaust gas generated in the primary combustion chamber to prevent soot. It relates to an exhaust gas combustion device.

종래의 일반적인 열분해 소각로는 쓰레기를 투입구를 통하여 넣은 후, 투입구를 닫아 1차연소실인 가스화실을 밀폐시킨 다음, 1차공기 공급부를 통하여 공기 공급팬을 작동하여 소량의 연소공기를 공급한 다음, 소각로 내부에 적재된 가연성 폐기물에 점화버너를 통해 점화시키면 쓰레기가 연소되면서 배기가스가 발생한다.Conventional pyrolysis incinerators put waste through the inlet, close the inlet to seal the gasification chamber, which is the primary combustion chamber, and supply a small amount of combustion air by operating the air supply fan through the primary air supply, and then incinerator When the combustible waste loaded inside is ignited through the ignition burner, the waste is burned and exhaust gas is generated.

발생된 배기가스인 열분해 배기가스는 배기가스관을 통해 2차연소실로 이동한다. 배기가스는 화구에서 2차공기공급부로부터 공급된 연소 공기와 혼합되고, 2차연소실에서 1,10O℃이상 고온상태에서 배기가스가 연소된다.The pyrolysis exhaust gas, which is generated exhaust gas, moves to the secondary combustion chamber through the exhaust gas pipe. The exhaust gas is mixed with combustion air supplied from the secondary air supply unit in the crater, and the exhaust gas is combusted in a secondary combustion chamber at a high temperature of 1,100 ° C. or higher.

이 같은 종래의 열분해 소각로는 2차연소실에서 배기가스를 연소하는 과정에서 완전 연소가 이루어지지 않아 연기가 발생하고 불완전 연소된 배기가스가 굴뚝으로 배출되어 대기오염을 초래하였다.Such a conventional pyrolysis incinerator is not completely burned in the process of burning the exhaust gas in the secondary combustion chamber to generate smoke and incompletely burned exhaust gas is discharged to the chimney, resulting in air pollution.

본 발명은 이상과 같은 종래 기술의 문제점을 개선하기 위하여 열분해 소각로의 2차연소실에 벌집모양의 허니콤(Honeycomb) 모양의 고온열전대관을 형성하여 2차공기공급구에서 유입된 공기와 혼합된 배기가스가 허니콤 형상의 고온 열전대관을 통과하면서 완전하게 연소되도록 한 것이다.The present invention forms a honeycomb-shaped honeycomb-type high-temperature thermocouple tube in the secondary combustion chamber of the pyrolysis incinerator in order to improve the problems of the prior art as described above, the exhaust mixed with the air introduced from the secondary air supply port. The gas is completely burned while passing through the honeycomb-shaped high temperature thermocouple tube.

도1은 본 발명의 고온 열전대관을 이용한 가스화 열분해 소각로의 배기가스 연소장치 구조도1 is a structural diagram of an exhaust gas combustion device of a gasification pyrolysis incinerator using a high temperature thermocouple tube of the present invention

도2는 고온 열전대관 사시도2 is a high temperature thermocouple tube perspective view

*** 도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호설명 ****** Explanation of main parts of drawing ***

1 : 소각로 몸체1: incinerator body

2 : 1차연소실(가스화실)2: Primary combustion chamber (gasification room)

3 : 쓰레기 투입구3: garbage inlet

5 : 점화 버너5: ignition burner

9 : 화구9: crater

11 : 2차연소실11: Second combustion chamber

12 : 고온열전대관12: high temperature thermocouple tube

14 : 관통공14: through hole

본 발명의 고온 열전대관을 이용한 가스화 열분해 소각로의 배기가스 연소장치의 구성을 첨부한 도면에 의하여 보다 상세하게 설명하면 다음과 같다.The configuration of the exhaust gas combustion apparatus of the gasification pyrolysis incinerator using the high temperature thermocouple tube of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[도 1] 은 본 발명의 고온열전대관을 이용한 가스화 열분해 소각로의 유독성물질 연소장치의 구성을 도로, 소각로 몸체(1)에는 쓰레기가 연소되어 가스화되는 1차연소실(가스화실)(2)이 형성된다. 소각로 몸체(1)의 측벽에는 점화버너(5)가 형성되어 있고, 상부에는 소각과정에서 발생하는 폭발을 방지하기 위한 방폭구(6)가 형성되어 있다.1 is a road construction of a toxic substance combustion device of a gasification pyrolysis incinerator using a high-temperature thermocouple tube of the present invention, the incinerator body 1 is formed of a primary combustion chamber (gasification chamber) 2 in which garbage is gasified. do. An ignition burner 5 is formed on the side wall of the incinerator body 1, and an explosion-proof opening 6 is formed on the upper side to prevent an explosion occurring during the incineration process.

소각로 몸체(1)의 일측부에는 1차공기공급부(8)를 형성하여 저산소상태에서 연소가 일어날 수 있도록 공기를 공급한다.One side of the incinerator body 1 forms a primary air supply unit 8 to supply air so that combustion may occur in a low oxygen state.

1차연소실(2)에서 쓰레기가 소각되면 남은 재는 소각재배출구(4)를 통해 배출한다.When the waste is incinerated in the primary combustion chamber (2), the remaining ash is discharged through the incineration ash outlet (4).

이상의 구조로 된 가스화 열분해소각로의 동작은, 먼저 투입구(3)에 쓰레기가 투입되고, 투입구(3)가 밀폐되면, 1차공기공급부(8)에서 공기를 공급하면서 점화버너(5)에서 점화가 일어나 1차연소실(2)에서 쓰레기가 연소되어 재와 함께 배기가스를 발생시킨다.In the operation of the gasification pyrolysis incinerator having the above structure, first, waste is introduced into the inlet 3, and when the inlet 3 is closed, the ignition burner 5 is ignited while supplying air from the primary air supply unit 8. The waste is burned in the primary combustion chamber 2 to generate exhaust gas together with the ashes.

이같이 1차연소실(2)에서 발생 된 배기가스는 배기가스관(7)을 따라 2차연소실(11)로 유입된다. 2차연소실(11) 앞에는 화구(9)가 형성되어 2차연소실(11)에 화염을 공급하며, 2차공기공급부(10)에서 공급된 공기가 배기가스와 혼합되어 2차연소실(11)로 공급된다.The exhaust gas generated in the primary combustion chamber 2 is introduced into the secondary combustion chamber 11 along the exhaust gas pipe 7. A fireball 9 is formed in front of the secondary combustion chamber 11 to supply flame to the secondary combustion chamber 11, and the air supplied from the secondary air supply unit 10 is mixed with the exhaust gas to the secondary combustion chamber 11. Supplied.

외부공기와 배기가스가 혼합된 상태로 2차연소실(11)에 유입되면서, 화구(9)에서 뿜어나오는 화염이 혼합가스를 연소한다.As the external air and the exhaust gas are introduced into the secondary combustion chamber 11 in a mixed state, the flames emitted from the fireball 9 burn the mixed gas.

2차연소실(11)에는 벌집형상의 허니콤 구조의 고온열전대관(12)을 설치하여 혼합가스가 고온 열전대관의 관통공(14)을 통과하면서 보다 완전한 연소가 이루어지도록 하였다.In the secondary combustion chamber 11, a honeycomb honeycomb high temperature thermocouple tube 12 was installed to allow a more complete combustion while the mixed gas passes through the through hole 14 of the high temperature thermocouple tube.

[도 2] 는 벌집 형태의 허니콤 구조의 고온 열전대관의 사시도로, 고온 열전대관에서 다수개의 관통공(14)을 형성하여, 혼합가스의 통과 경로를 충분하게 구성하였다.FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a honeycomb honeycomb high temperature thermocouple tube, in which a plurality of through holes 14 are formed in the high temperature thermocouple tube to sufficiently configure a passage path of the mixed gas.

고온열전대관(12)은 2차연소실(11) 내부에 단순하게 고정하여 설치해도 화염으로 인해 가열되어 혼합가스의 완전연소가 실현되며, 혼합가스가 2차연소실(11)에 공급되기 직전에 고온열전대관(12)을 미리 1,100℃ 이상으로 가열할 수 되어 있도록 구성할 수도 있다.Even if the high temperature thermocouple tube 12 is simply fixed inside the secondary combustion chamber 11 and installed, the high temperature thermocouple tube 12 is heated by the flame to realize complete combustion of the mixed gas, and immediately before the mixed gas is supplied to the secondary combustion chamber 11. The thermocouple tube 12 may also be configured to be heated to 1,100 ° C. or higher in advance.

본 발명의 고온 열전대관을 이용한 가스화 열분해 소각로의 배기가스 연소장치는 배기가스를 연소할 때 벌집모양의 허니콤 구조체의 고온 열전대관을 2차연소실에 설치하여 배기가스가 보다 완전하게 연소되도록 하여 배기가스의 배출로 발생될 수 있는 대기오염을 크게 줄여주는 효과가 있다.The exhaust gas combustion apparatus of the gasification pyrolysis incinerator using the high temperature thermocouple tube of the present invention is installed in the secondary combustion chamber by installing the high temperature thermocouple tube of the honeycomb-shaped honeycomb structure in the secondary combustion chamber to exhaust the exhaust gas more completely. There is an effect that greatly reduces the air pollution that can be generated by the emission of gas.

Claims (1)

투입된 쓰레기를 연소하는 1차연소실과, 1차연소실에서 발생된 배기가스를 연소하는 2차연소실로 구성된 가스화 열분해 소각로에 있어서, 2차연소실 내부에 벌집형태의 허니콤 구조체로 된 고온열전대관을 설치하여 배기가스를 보다 완전하게 연소할 수 있도록 한 것을 특징으로 하는 고온열전대관을 이용한 가스화 열분해 소각로의 배기가스 연소장치.In a gasification pyrolysis incinerator composed of a primary combustion chamber for burning input waste and a secondary combustion chamber for burning exhaust gas generated from the primary combustion chamber, a high temperature thermocouple tube having a honeycomb honeycomb structure is installed inside the secondary combustion chamber. And an exhaust gas combustion apparatus of a gasification pyrolysis incinerator using a high temperature thermocouple tube, characterized in that the exhaust gas can be burned more completely.
KR1019990015739A 1999-04-30 1999-04-30 Exhaust gas combustion apparatus of gasification pyrolysis incinerator using high temperature thermocouple tube KR19990064706A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR19990078857A (en) * 1999-08-13 1999-11-05 조치형 Combustion Apparatus Having a Heating Body for Complete Combustion of the First Combustion Gas
KR100382310B1 (en) * 1999-07-09 2003-05-01 이정헌 A Furnace and method for burning a un-burned gas
KR102015920B1 (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-08-29 김서인 Melting Furnace System with Fine Dust Reduction

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100382310B1 (en) * 1999-07-09 2003-05-01 이정헌 A Furnace and method for burning a un-burned gas
KR19990078857A (en) * 1999-08-13 1999-11-05 조치형 Combustion Apparatus Having a Heating Body for Complete Combustion of the First Combustion Gas
KR102015920B1 (en) * 2018-11-20 2019-08-29 김서인 Melting Furnace System with Fine Dust Reduction

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