KR20140122174A - Multi-screen apparatus for an overall wastes processing equipment with improved removal function of fine materials by high-pressure washing device - Google Patents

Multi-screen apparatus for an overall wastes processing equipment with improved removal function of fine materials by high-pressure washing device Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20140122174A
KR20140122174A KR1020140020609A KR20140020609A KR20140122174A KR 20140122174 A KR20140122174 A KR 20140122174A KR 1020140020609 A KR1020140020609 A KR 1020140020609A KR 20140020609 A KR20140020609 A KR 20140020609A KR 20140122174 A KR20140122174 A KR 20140122174A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
screen
housing
cleaning
washing water
compressed air
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Application number
KR1020140020609A
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Korean (ko)
Inventor
동 석 강
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동 석 강
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Priority to KR20130038474 priority Critical
Priority to KR1020130038474 priority
Application filed by 동 석 강 filed Critical 동 석 강
Priority to KR1020140020609A priority patent/KR20140122174A/en
Publication of KR20140122174A publication Critical patent/KR20140122174A/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/44Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D33/48Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps
    • B01D33/50Regenerating the filter material in the filter by flushing, e.g. counter-current air-bumps with backwash arms, shoes or nozzles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D33/00Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation
    • B01D33/06Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with rotary cylindrical filtering surfaces, e.g. hollow drums
    • B01D33/11Filters with filtering elements which move during the filtering operation with rotary cylindrical filtering surfaces, e.g. hollow drums arranged for outward flow filtration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/18Drum screens
    • B07B1/22Revolving drums
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/50Cleaning
    • B07B1/55Cleaning with fluid jets

Abstract

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a multi-stage screen device for removing fine contaminants such as seeds and animal fur from a manure, wastewater or the like, And a cleaning means for cleaning the screen by spraying washing water or compressed air onto the surface of the cylindrical screen rotating inside, wherein a short length portion reciprocating along the longitudinal direction of the screen in a state of being connected to the expansion coil hose By applying a high-pressure washer that injects wash water and compressed air alternately through the body, the cleaning function of the cylindrical screen is greatly improved by increasing the injection pressure of the washing water and the compressed air. In addition, By preventing overflow, etc., the removal of micro-contaminants If the same injection pressure is used as a reference, the amount of washing water and compressed air can be reduced and the processing load of the filtrate can be reduced. In addition, the cleaning device due to overload of the washing water pump and the air compressor This is a more economical and rational method for screen cleaning and efficient removal of fine particles. It is equipped with a high-pressure washer to improve the function of removing fine contaminants. .

Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention [0001] The present invention relates to a multi-stage screening apparatus for a multi-stage screening apparatus equipped with a high-pressure washer for improving the function of removing fine contaminants,
The present invention relates to a multi-stage screen device installed in an impurity collecting processor for separating various impurities from manure, livestock wastewater and the like from a filtrate to remove fine contaminants such as seeds and animal hair, A cleaning means for cleaning the screen by spraying washing water or compressed air to the surface of the cylindrical screen, wherein the cleaning means is connected to the cleaning coil hose and the washing water is sprayed through a short length spraying body reciprocating along the longitudinal direction of the screen, And the compressed air is injected alternately, the cleaning function of the cylindrical screen is greatly improved by increasing the injection pressure of the washing water and the compressed air, and the overflow due to the extremely clogging phenomenon inside the screen due to the fine contaminants By preventing, more than the removal of micro-contaminants With a pressure washer for fine impurities removal function so as to improve a conversation mounted impurities synthesis process relates to a multi-stage unit for screening machines.
In recent years, due to the increase in the urban population and the increase in the size of the livestock farmers, a large amount of waste water, wastewater, manure, and livestock wastewater are generated, and due to such waste water, domestic wastewater, manure, Contamination of groundwater, rivers and coastal waters is not only serious but also has a bad influence on the formation of a comfortable living environment due to odor generated from wastewater, domestic sewage, manure, and livestock wastewater.
In the case of manure and livestock wastewater, separate purification facilities are provided for each area and are managed and treated at the governmental level. However, in the case of livestock wastewater, the concentration of suspended solids (SS) is 20,000 ~ 25,000 ppm, So as to treat the manure and the livestock wastewater more efficiently, various kinds of impurities are removed from the collected manure and livestock wastewater, and the resulting liquid is filtered into a liquid filtrate having a low suspended concentration. Then, It is sent to the final purification facility to be processed.
In order to separate manure or livestock wastewater into filtrate and impurities as described above, manure or livestock wastewater is introduced into the inside of the processor body, and the filtrate generated in the primary impurity processing by the rotary screen and the screw press is stored in the filtrate reservoir And the filtrate stored in the filtrate storage tank is pumped to a cyclone connected to a screen device and a centrifuge to remove fine contaminants such as seeds, animal hair, and sebaceous components contained in the filtrate, (Hereinafter, referred to as " patent No. 10-0880270 ") by the present applicant, which is supplied to the final purification facility through the filtrate discharge tank.
The screen device for separating fine contaminants such as seed components or animal fur from a cyclone into a filtrate in the impregnated composite processing device of the present application filed by the present applicant includes a device housing in which a filtrate discharge duct is provided at a lower portion thereof, And a cylindrical screen which is rotatably installed in the interior of the cylindrical screen. The discharge port of the fine impurity is formed on the front side of the apparatus housing and the cylindrical screen, and a fine impurity conveying screw is installed in the cylindrical screen , The inlet tube of the contaminant extending from the cyclone extends through the rear side wall portion of the device housing and extends to the interior of the cylindrical screen.
In addition, a spray pipe for spraying wash water toward the surface of the screen is installed as an upper surface of the cylindrical screen as cleaning means for the screen. The cylindrical screen is disclosed in the prior application (Registration No. 10-0928559) A first screen for first removal of fine contaminants and a second screen disposed outside of the first screen for performing secondary removal of fine contaminants, And the injection pipe is located on the upper side of the second screen.
Since a plurality of spray nozzles are installed at the injection pipe at regular intervals, the washing water can be periodically sprayed onto the surface of the screen in the process of separating the fine contaminants from the filtrate by rotating the cylindrical screen. As a result, It is possible to improve the function of removing the fine contaminants by the screen device by preventing the phenomenon of causing the remarkable deterioration of the contaminant removing function such as the overflow phenomenon caused by the closing of the water dropping through the fine contaminants such as the seeds or the bristles of the animal .
However, when the injection pipe as described above is applied as a cleaning means of a screen, a large number of injection nozzles are installed at a predetermined interval on the lower side of the injection pipe having the same length as the screen so that the washing water is uniformly sprayed to the surface side of the screen , There is a problem that it is difficult to sufficiently secure the jetting pressure of the washing water as the washing water is simultaneously injected through a large number of jetting nozzles when jetting the washing water using the washing water pump.
In other words, since the fixed injection pipe, which is elongated along the longitudinal direction of the screen, is applied as the cleaning means, when the washing water is pumped into the injection pipe through the injection line connected to the washing water pump, The pressure is dispersed through dozens of injection nozzles installed along the longitudinal direction of the injection pipe so that the pressure of the washing water sprayed from each injection nozzle drops to a level significantly lower than the inlet side pressure of the injection pipe.
As described above, when the jetting pressure of the washing water sprayed from each spraying nozzle is lowered, it is difficult to smoothly perform a washing operation for dropping fine contaminants such as seeds or bristles embedded in the water dripping holes of the screen into the screen, To avoid this situation, the pump motor of the wash water pump must be rotated at a high speed or the wash water pump itself must be replaced by an expensive high pressure pump.
However, the above-mentioned countermeasures not only cause waste of unnecessary washing water, but also increase the processing load of the filtrate due to the input of a large amount of washing water. Also, when the washing water pump is overloaded, It is not preferable to use an expensive high-pressure pump because it increases the equipment cost of the impregnated comprehensive processor including the screen device, which is an economical burden to the purchaser.
In addition to this, by applying a method of alternately spraying the washing water and the compressed air during the screen washing operation, it is possible to wash the washing water to the one-stage screen disposed inside the two-stage screen while minimizing the waste of the washing water and the processing load of the filtrate Although the efficiency of the cleaning operation can be greatly improved, it is also very difficult to apply compressed air to the cleaning operation of the screen due to the conventional unreasonable structure using the fixed injection pipe and the low injection pressure as described above.
Korean Patent No. 10-0880270 Korean Patent No. 10-0928559
Disclosure of Invention Technical Problem [8] The present invention has been made in order to solve the problems of the prior art described above, and it is an object of the present invention to provide a method of injecting clean water and compressed air alternately through a short length of a spray body reciprocating along a longitudinal direction of a cylindrical screen, By applying the high pressure washer to the screen device, the injection pressure of the washing water and the compressed air is greatly increased to prevent the excessive clogging of the screen due to the fine contaminants and the overflow of the screen, and the function of cleaning the screen and removing the fine contaminants When the same injection pressure is used as a standard, the amount of washing water and compressed air is reduced, the processing load of the filtrate is reduced, and the cleaning device is prevented from malfunction or malfunction due to overload of the washing water pump and the air compressor. More economical and reasonable way to clean the screen The ever possible to remove the fine impurities effectively work as a technical problem of the first.
In addition, according to the present invention, an opening portion extending in the longitudinal direction of the screen is formed in an apparatus housing portion corresponding to an upper side of the screen, and a washer casing having the high pressure washer built therein is detachably assembled and installed in a cover form, The expansion and contraction coil hose is wound around the hose support placed parallel to the screen so that the flexible coil hose which is a flexible material is not sagged in the downward direction, And a second technical problem is to prevent the expansion coil hose from being damaged or short-circuited, and to operate the high-pressure cleaner more safely and accurately.
Finally, in the present invention, two dewatering screens composed of a first screen and a second screen are rotated at different speeds, and a rotating type By using the roller brush, it is possible to fundamentally block the phenomenon that the dewatering holes or the dewatering slits formed on the respective screens are clogged by the fine contaminants by using the high pressure washer and the roller brush together, In order to maximize the replacement period of the roller brushes, thereby ensuring the continuous and stable operation of the multi-stage screen device while further maximizing the function of removing the fine contaminants. We will do it.
The present invention as a means for solving the above-mentioned problems is characterized by comprising a first screen for first removal of micro-contaminants containing seeds or bristles, and a second screen disposed outside the first screen to perform secondary removal of micro-contaminants Wherein the first screen and the second screen are provided with a second screen in concentric circles inside the device housing, and on the inner circumferential surfaces of the first screen and the second screen are provided fine conveying screws, And a liquid discharge duct is provided on the lower side of the apparatus housing. A drive mechanism for rotating the first screen and the second screen is provided on the rear side of the apparatus housing, and a drive mechanism for rotating the first and second screens And the upper portion of the inside of the apparatus housing is sprayed with washing water or compressed air to the surface of the second screen Key in the multi-stage screen contaminants integrated processing The device of the cleaning means is installed. The cleaning means includes a plurality of transfer sprockets connected to the inner upper end of the apparatus housing at regular intervals along the longitudinal direction of the second screen, a reciprocating transfer chain wound around the transfer sprocket, A spray body connected to the side chain and spraying wash water or compressed air to the second screen side, and a discharge port connected to one side of the spray body and the other side of the discharge port passing through the wall of the apparatus housing, And a cleaning motor which is installed outside or inside the upper surface of the apparatus housing and rotates the transfer sprocket to drive the reciprocating transfer chain.
In addition, an opening is formed along the longitudinal direction of the second screen on the upper side of the apparatus housing, and a cleaner casing for a high-pressure washer is detachably installed in the opening, and a conveying sprocket constituting the high- The reciprocating transport chain, the jetting body and the stretching coil hose are disposed inside the washing machine casing, and the washing motor is fixed to the outside or the inside of the washing machine casing. The high pressure washing machine includes a hose support Characterized in that the hose support is installed in a direction parallel to the second screen in the inner space of the apparatus housing or the inner space of the washer casing corresponding to the upper side of the second screen, The injection line connected to the coil hose is connected to the valve And a compressed air line extending from the air compressor to a state including a valve mechanism are integrated into a single line.
In addition, the drive mechanism includes a drive motor provided outside the device housing, a pair of drive sprockets fixedly mounted on the output shaft of the drive motor, and a drive sprocket connected to the rear side of the first and second screens, And a driven sprocket fixedly mounted on each of the rear suspension shafts and a pair of transmission chains connecting the drive sprocket to the driven sprockets, Wherein the driven sprocket of the second screen is connected to the drive sprocket so as to have a different reduction ratio and the injection pipe is inserted into the first screen through the rear support shaft of the first screen, A rotating roller brush that rotates in the axial direction in contact with the surface of the first screen when the first screen and the second screen are rotated And the roller brush comprises a rotary shaft connected to the front and rear walls of the second screen and a cleaning brush installed in a radial manner at a closely spaced distance along the longitudinal direction of the rotary shaft to closely contact the surface of the first screen .
According to the present invention, by applying a high-pressure washer for spraying washing water and compressed air alternately with a short-length movable sprayer to a screen device, the injection pressure of the washing water and the compressed air is greatly increased, It is possible to prevent the clogging phenomenon and thus the overflow, and to improve the cleaning function of the screen and the function of removing the fine contaminants, and it is possible to reduce the usage amount of the washing water and the compressed air and to reduce the processing load of the filtrate, It is possible to perform a screen cleaning operation and a fine contaminant removal operation in a much more economical and reasonable manner by preventing a malfunction or malfunction of the cleaning device due to overload of the overhead.
Also, by providing a module-type cleaning structure in which the high-pressure washer is installed in the washing machine casing and the corresponding washing machine casing is detachably assembled with the apparatus housing of the screen device, the installation and maintenance of the high- And the replacement work can be performed. The flexible coil hose which is a flexible material is not sagged in the downward direction but is stably expanded and contracted along the hose support, thereby preventing damage or short-circuit of the expansion coil hose, It is possible to perform the operation more safely and accurately.
In addition, by using a rotating roller brush that rotates in the axial direction in contact with the first screen during the relative rotation of the first screen and the second screen in combination with the high-pressure washer, the dewatering holes or dewatering slits formed in the respective screens It is possible to fundamentally block the phenomenon of being obstructed by the contaminants and to prevent the local abrasion of the cleaning brush, thereby prolonging the replacement period of the roller brush to a maximum extent. As a result, the continuous and stable It is possible to maximize the removal function of the fine particles while ensuring operation.
1 is a partial plan view of a multi-stage screen device according to the present invention;
2 is a side cross-sectional view of a multi-stage screen device according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a side cross-sectional view of the high pressure washer in a state in which the jetting body is moved in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional side view of the back side of Fig. 2; Fig.
5 is a use state view of a high pressure washer installed in the multi-stage screen device of the present invention.
6 is an external perspective view of a first screen applied to the multi-stage screen device of the present invention.
7 is an external perspective view of a second screen applied to the multi-stage screen apparatus of the present invention.
8 is an external perspective view of a roller brush applied to the multi-stage screen device of the present invention.
Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the following description of the prior art, an example of a processing facility to which the multi-stage screen device of the present invention is applied, However, the multi-stage screen device according to the present invention can be applied not only to the prior arts, but also to various other types of facilities used for the treatment of manure, livestock wastewater or sewage.
In addition, the multi-stage screen device of the present invention can be widely applied not only to manure, livestock wastewater or sewage, but also to various kinds of dewatering processes for separating contaminants contained in various kinds of wastewater or separating solids from liquids And the selection of such an application field will be obvious to those skilled in the art to which the present invention belongs.
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, a multi-stage screen device 10 according to the present invention includes a dewatering screen means for removing fine contaminants, An apparatus housing 16 which is rotatably supported by a rotary support portion 17 on the rear side (left and right sides in the drawing) and a driving mechanism provided outside the apparatus housing 16 for rotating the screen means.
The apparatus housing 16 is formed as a substantially cylindrical housing, and on the upper side thereof, an exhaust pipe 19 for discharging odors generated in the processing of manure, livestock wastewater or sewage, and an operating state And a funnel-shaped filtrate discharge duct 18 as a filtrate discharge passage in which fine contaminants are removed is provided on the lower side of the apparatus housing 16. [
The screen means comprises a first screen (20) installed at the inner center of the device housing (16) to perform primary removal of fine contaminants, as shown in Figures 2, 6 and 7, And a second screen (30) installed outside the first screen (20) for performing secondary removal of fine contaminants.
Each of the screens 20 and 30 includes a cylindrical dewatering screen 21 and 31 provided between the front wall 22 and the rear wall 29 and the rear wall 29 and 39, Are provided along the periphery of the opening 22a (32a) formed in the front wall 22 (32) and the conveying screws 23 (33) of fine contaminants provided along the inner circumferential surface of the front wall body 21 And the discharge cap 24 (34) of fine contaminants as a main component.
In addition, as a means for supporting the rotation of the first and second screens 20 and 30, the front surfaces of the discharge caps 24 and 34 and the rear walls 29 and 39 are provided with bearings 28 Preventing shafts 25 and 35 and the rear preventing shafts 26 and 36 penetrating the rotary support 17 of the device housing 16 are fixedly provided with the rear anti-back axle 38 and the rear anti- The first screen 20 and the second sprockets 27 and 37 for the second screen 30 are fixedly installed on the first and second screens 26 and 26.
1, a pair of drive sprockets 12 fixed to the output shaft of the drive motor 11 are disposed between the first screen 20 and the driven sprockets 27 (37 And the electric chain 12a are connected to each other by a belt and a pulley or a gear transmission system if the screens 20 and 30 provided inside the apparatus housing 16 can be rotated, It is possible to find that the same kind of drive mechanism is installed.
On the other hand, the driving mechanism is installed on a driving part mounting base 15 integrally fixed to the device housing 16 on the rear side (right side in the drawing) of the apparatus housing 16, A feed pipe support 14 for supporting the pipe 13 is additionally provided and the feed pipe 13 is used to feed filtrate or sewage of manure or livestock wastewater into the first screen 20 .
The multi-stage screen device 10 of the present invention has a structure in which the first screen 20 is inserted into the second screen 30 and arranged concentrically, 25 and the discharge cap 24 and the rear preventing shafts 26 are likewise mounted on the second screen 30 in the same manner as the first and second screens 30, (Coaxial) arrangement structure.
The supply pipe 13 is connected to the inside of the dewatering screen 21 for the first screen 20 via the supply through passageway 26a formed through the center of the rear prevention preventing shaft 26 of the first screen 20 The rotation preventing operation of each of the screens 20 and 30 is not obstructed by the input tube 13 and the rear preventing shafts 26 of the first screen 20 are disposed on the second screen 30, And the driven sprockets 27 and 37 fixed to the respective rear preventing shafts 26 and 36 are spaced apart from each other by a predetermined distance.
The arrangement of the rear end preventing shafts 26 and 36 and the driven sprockets 27 and 37 as described above can be realized by rotating the first screen 20 and the second screen 30 at different speeds, A roller brush 48 for cleaning can be applied between the second screen 20 and the second screen 30. For this purpose, the respective driven sprockets 27 and 37 are formed to have different diameters Accordingly, the rotation speeds generated from the drive sprocket 12 are formed at different speed reduction ratios, and then transmitted to the respective screens 20 and 30.
However, when the roller brushes 48 are not applied between the first screen 20 and the second screen 30, the first screen 20 and the second screen 30 are provided with the rear preventing shafts 26 36 are formed so as to form one rotation support shaft and then a single follower sprocket is provided on the support shaft. In this case, each of the screens 20, 30 rotates at the same speed .
As the first and second screens 20 and 30 rotate as described above, the seed component, the animal hair, or other fine contaminants are dewatered and separated from the filtrate or sewage introduced through the inlet pipe 13, The dewatering screen 21 of the first screen 20 mainly separates contaminants of relatively large particles such as seed components and is separated from the first screen 20 at the dewatering screen 31 of the second screen 30 The micro-impurities such as fine seeds or animal hair are mainly separated.
As a practical application, the multi-stage screen device 10 of the present invention can be applied to the dewatering screen 21 of the first screen 20 when the multi-stage screen device 10 of the present invention is used for removing seed components or bristles contained in the filtrate of manure and livestock wastewater The diameter of the dewatering hole is about 2 mm to 2.5 mm and the diameter of the dewatering hole applicable to the dewatering screen 31 of the second screen 30 is about 1 mm.
6 and 7, a conventional dewatering hole 21a is formed on the entire surface of the cylindrical body in the dewatering screen 21 of the first screen 20, The dehydration screen 31 of the second screen 30 is formed with a dehydration slit 31a in a long shape over the entire surface of the cylindrical body. (Patent Registration No. 10-0928559), which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
A substantial component of the present invention is the application of a high pressure washer 40 above the interior of the device housing 16 of the multi-stage screen device 10 and the high pressure washer 40 is shown in Figures 1 and 2 A plurality of conveying sprockets 43 connected to the inner upper end of the apparatus housing 16 at regular intervals along the longitudinal direction of the second screen 30 and a plurality of conveying sprockets 43 wound around the conveying sprocket 43, A spray body 45 connected to the reciprocating conveyance chain 44 and spraying wash water or compressed air to the second screen 30 side and one end connected to the spray body 45 And the other end includes a stretch coil hose 46 which is connected to the infusion line 47 of the washing water or the compressed air through the wall of the device housing 16.
2, three transfer sprockets 43 are disposed on the upper side of the second screen 30, but one transfer sprocket 43 is provided on the front end side and the rear end side of the second screen 30, The number of the transfer sprockets 43 can be arbitrarily adjusted under the condition that the transfer sprocket 43 is installed and each of the transfer sprockets 43 rotates on the chain bracket 43a fixed to the inner upper end of the apparatus housing 16 Lt; / RTI >
The center conveying sprocket 43 is provided in such a manner that the center conveying sprocket 43 is wound around the front end side conveying sprocket 43 and the rear end conveying sprocket 43, Thereby preventing deflection and performing a smooth cleaning operation.
The sprocket body 45 is installed on the chain located on the lower side in the drawing of the reciprocating transport chain 44 by the connection bracket 45a so that the rear end- (Left and right in the drawing) with the cleaning motor 41 provided with the cleaning motor 41, so that the jetting body 45 is moved forward and backward with the reciprocating transport chain 44 by using the power of the cleaning motor 41 ) Direction.
4, a driving sprocket 42 provided on a driving shaft of the washing motor 41 is connected to a driven sprocket 42a by an electric chain 42b, and the driven sprocket 42a And the drive sprocket 42 and the transmission chain 42b are provided so as to be protected by the drive unit cover 41b so that the drive sprocket 42a and the transmission chain 42b share the rotation shaft of the same chain bracket 43a together with the rear end transfer sprocket 43 .
The cleaning motor 41 may be installed inside the apparatus housing 16 but may be installed outside the upper portion of the apparatus housing 16 rather than the inner space of the apparatus housing 16 containing a large amount of moisture and odor components The driving sprocket 42 and the driven sprocket 42a may be pulleys or gears and the electric chain 42b may be a belt. The driving shaft 41a of the washing motor 41, which includes the speed reducer 41a, May be directly connected to the rotation shaft of the transfer sprocket 43.
The sprayer body 45 has a pipe-shaped body into which wash water and compressed air can be injected, and a plurality of spray nozzles (six in the figure) for spraying wash water and compressed air to the lower portion of the body. It is also possible to form an injection hole in the bottom of the pipe body of the spray body 45 in place of the spray nozzle 45. In the distal end portion (left end in the figure) of the spray body 45, Is provided with a connection port 45b serving as an inlet for the washing water and the compressed air, and the rear end (the right end in the figure) of the jetting body 45 on the opposite side is closed.
It is preferable that the expansion and contraction coil hose 46 is made of a flexible material and a high-pressure tube made of plastics or synthetic resin capable of injecting high-pressure washing water and compressed air. The high-pressure tube is spirally twisted to form a coil The stretching coil hose 46 is stretched or stretched from the initial position of the jetting body 45 shown in Fig. 2 to the maximum moving position of the jetting body 45 shown in Fig. 3, The washing water and the compressed air are supplied to the inside of the jetting member 45. [
One end of the expansion coil hose 46 is connected to the connection port 45b of the spray body 45 while the other end of the expansion coil hose 46 is inserted through the wall of the device housing 16 The connector 47a is connected to the injection line 47 of the washing water and the compressed air by the connector 47a and the portion of the connector 47a is connected to the wall of the apparatus housing 16 to support the expansion and contraction operation of the expansion coil hose 46 It is assembled firmly.
Since the expansion coil hose 46 is a passage for injecting the high pressure cleaning water and the compressed air into the spray body 45, the connection port 45b and the connector 47a, to which the expansion coil hose 46 is connected, A sealing operation is required to prevent leakage of washing water or leakage of compressed air. If necessary, the expansion coil hose 46 may be extended to the outside of the device housing 16 as an injection line 47 In this case, the connector 47a is a hose fixing means.
1 and 4, the upper surface of the apparatus housing 16 is provided with an opening along the longitudinal direction of the second screen 30, The washer casing 40a for the high pressure washer 40 is detachably assembled to the opening in the form of a cover so that the high pressure washer 40 is moduleed together with the washer casing 40a, The dish washer casing 40a preferably has a rectangular case shape with a bottom portion opened.
When the high pressure washer 40 is modularized together with the washing machine casing 40a as described above, a chain bracket 43a is installed on the inner upper surface of the washing machine casing 40a to separate the conveying sprocket 43 and the reciprocating conveying chain 44, The movable type spray body 45 and the expansion and contraction coil hose 46 are also connected to each other on the basis of the reciprocating transport chain 44 provided inside the washer casing 40a And the cleaning motor 41 is fixedly installed on the outer side of the washer casing 40a on the basis of a bracket or the like and it is also possible to install the cleaning motor 41 inside the washer casing 40a if necessary .
The modularization of the high pressure washer 40 with the washer casing 40a in this manner facilitates the mounting of the modular high pressure washer 40 on the top surface of the device housing 16 of the screen device 10 Of course, maintenance and replacement work of the high-pressure washer 40 can also be easily performed by separating only the washer casing 40a.
In addition, since the expansion coil hose 46 is repeatedly extended or contracted from the state shown in FIG. 2 to the state shown in FIG. 3 in accordance with the movement of the jetting body 45, A hose support 46a is further applied as a means for preventing the flexible coil hose 46, which is a flexible material, from being sagged in the downward direction.
The hose support 46a may be in the form of a rod having a circular cross section so that the hose support 46a may be formed in the inner space of the apparatus housing 16 corresponding to the upper side of the second screen 30, The hose support 46a and the hose support 46a are connected to each other in such a manner as to be parallel to the hose support base 46. The expansion and contraction coil hose 46 is wound around the distal end portion of the hose support 46a, 4, it is preferable to provide a clearance between the inner peripheral surface of the expansion coil hose 46 and the hose support base 46a.
5 is a piping diagram showing a state in which the high-pressure washer 40 of the multi-stage screen apparatus 10 according to the present invention is actually used, in which a washing water line 50 extending from the washing water pump 50, A compressed air line 53 extending from the air compressor 51 with the valve mechanism V is integrated into one injection line 47 and then connected to the expansion coil hose 46 have.
The washing water pump 50 and the washing motor 41 of the air compressor 51 and the high pressure washer 40 are connected to the control panel 54 by a cable and are connected to the washing water line 52, The valve mechanism V of the high pressure cleaner 53 is also connected to the control panel 54 by a cable so that the moving speed of the jet body 45 required for the operation of the high pressure cleaner 40, So that the injection state of the washing water and the compressed air and the intersection period can be automatically controlled.
The valve mechanism V of the washing water line 52 and the compressed air line 53 is preferably an automatic control solenoid valve or a solenoid valve and the valve mechanism V provided on the injection line 47 is a manual valve The screen cleaning operation by the control panel 54 may be performed periodically by a timer or may be performed by a user by operating the control panel 54 whenever necessary to perform a screen cleaning operation It is also possible to perform the operation.
5, in the process of cleaning the screen using the high pressure washer 40 having the above-described structure, as the cleaning motor 41 is operated, (Left and right direction in the drawing) along with the first screen 44 and the washing water and the compressed air are sprayed to the surface side of the second screen 30, The injection of compressed air is performed.
The movable spray body 45 having the short length as described above is moved along the longitudinal direction of the screen from the upper side of the second screen 30 while the washing water and the compressed air are discharged from the movable spray body 45 2 screen 30 so that the spraying pressure of the washing water and the compressed air is greatly increased, thereby greatly improving the cleaning function of the screen.
In other words, since the movable type spray body 45 having a very short length compared with the conventional fixed type spray pipe is applied as a cleaning means, the cleaning water pump 50 and the air compressor 51 can be extended from the expansion coil hose The pressure of the washing water and the compressed air injected from the respective injection nozzles is reduced by the pressure of the washing water and compressed air introduced into the inlet of the jetting member 45 through the nozzles 46, Is maintained at a level substantially equal to the inlet-side pressure of the inlet port (45).
The injection pressure of the washing water and the compressed air injected from the respective injection nozzles can be greatly increased and the washing operation can be performed over the entire length of the screen in accordance with the movement of the jetting member 45. Therefore, It is possible to reduce the amount of washing water and compressed air used and reduce the processing load on the filtrate while preventing the malfunction of the cleaning device due to the overload of the washing water pump 50 and the air compressor 51, By applying alternating spraying methods, screen cleaning operations can be performed in a much more economical and rational manner than conventional fixed injection pipes.
The high pressure washer 40 is installed in the washer casing 40a and is mounted on the upper surface of the apparatus housing 16 of the screen device 10 in a detachable manner with the washer casing 40a. It is possible to easily install and maintain and replace the high pressure washer 40 and to allow the flexible coil hose 46, which is a flexible material, to be stretched and expanded along the hose support 46a without falling downward. Thus, damage or short-circuiting of the expansion and contraction coil hose 46 can be prevented in advance, and the operation of the high-pressure washer 40 can be performed more safely and accurately.
As a further matter, in the present invention, the conveying sprocket 43 and the reciprocating conveying chain 44 are applied as means for moving the above-mentioned spraying body 45, and in addition, the conveying pulley and the reciprocating conveying belt can be applied. Guides the movement of the jetting body 45 to the inside of the wall of the apparatus housing 16 so as to prevent the phenomenon that the reciprocating transporting belt is sagged downward and the reciprocating transporting belt is swung by the jetting force of the washing water and the compressed air It is advantageous to provide a guide rail or the like parallel to the second screen 30.
In addition to the application of the high-pressure washer 40 as described above, the two dewatering screens of the first screen 20 and the second screen 30 are different from each other A rotatable roller brush 48 that rotates in an axial direction and contacts the surface of the dewatering screen 21 of the first screen 20 between each of the screens 20 ) May be installed.
2 and 7, the roller brush 48 includes a front wall 32 and a rear wall 39 of the second screen 30 with bearing joints 48a interposed therebetween, A rotary shaft 49a provided in a direction parallel to the screen across the rotary shaft 49a and a rotary shaft 49a provided radially with a narrow interval along the longitudinal direction of the rotary shaft 49a to be in close contact with the surface of the dewatering screen 21 of the first screen 20 And a cleaning brush 49 as shown in FIG.
The roller brush 48 provided with the cleaning brush 49 along the rotary shaft 49a as described above has a function of removing the contaminants normally scraped off the surface of the dewatering screen 21 of the first screen 20, It is possible to easily infiltrate into the dewatering passage (dewatering hole or dewatering slit) of the dewatering screen 21 in the course of the rotation of the brushes 49 together with the rotary shaft 49a, Impurities can also be effectively eliminated.
Therefore, when the screen cleaning operation is performed by using the roller brush 48 in combination with the high pressure washer 40, the dewatering screens 21 and 31 of the first screen 20 and the second screen 30, It is possible to fundamentally shut off the phenomenon that the hole 21a or the dehydrating slit 31a is clogged by the minute contaminants and also to prevent the local abrasion of the cleaning brush 49, So that it is possible to maximize the function of removing the fine contaminants while ensuring the continuous and stable operation of the multi-stage screen device 10. [
Lastly, although the above description relates to a two-stage screen device 10 by means of the first screen 20 and the second screen 30, The roller brush 48 may be provided between the outer side screen and the center side screen and between the center side screen and the inner side screen Respectively.
It is also possible to install only a single single screen from among the first screen 20 or the second screen 30 inside the device housing 16 when the processing load of the fine contaminants is relatively small, Are obviously not only to those skilled in the art but also within the scope of the technical idea which the present invention intends to pursue.
10: Screen device 11: Driving motor 12, 42: Driving sprocket
12a, 42b: electric chain 13: input tube 14: input tube support
15: drive part mount 16: device housing 16a: check door
16b, 24a, 34a: exhaust port 17: rotation support portion 18: filtrate discharge duct
19: Exhaust pipe 20: First screen 21,31: Dewatering screen
21a: Dewatering hole 22, 32: Front wall 22a, 32a:
23, 33: Feed screw 24, 34: Discharge cap 25, 35:
26, 36: anti-back end shaft 26a: input passage 27, 37, 42a:
28, 38: bearings 29, 39: rear wall 30: second screen
31a: Dewatering slit 40: High pressure washer 40a: Washer casing
41: Cleaning motor 41a: Reducer 41b: Drive cover
43: Feed sprocket 43a: Chain bracket 44: Round feed chain
45: Dispensing body 45a: Connection bracket 45b: Connection port
46: stretch coil hose 46a: hose support 47: injection line
47a: connector 48: roller brush 48a: bearing joint
49: Cleaning brush 49a: Rotation shaft 50: Washing water pump
51: Air compressor 52: Wash water line 53: Compressed air line
54: Control panel V: Valve mechanism

Claims (6)

  1. A first screen 20 for primary removal of micro-contaminants containing seeds or bristles, and a second screen 30 disposed outside of the first screen 20 for performing secondary removal of micro-contaminants The first screen 20 and the second screen 30 are provided with feed screws 23 and 33 for fine contaminants on the inner circumferential surface of the device housing 16, A fine contaminant discharge port 16b is formed on the front side of the first screen 20 and the second screen 30 and a filtrate discharge duct 18a is formed on the lower side of the device housing 16, And a driving mechanism for rotating the first screen 20 and the second screen 30 and a driving mechanism for rotating the first screen 20 through the apparatus housing 16 are provided on the rear side of the apparatus housing 16 And the upper surface of the second screen 30 is provided with a washing water or a compression hole (not shown) on the inner upper side of the apparatus housing 16, A multi-stage screen device (10) for a contaminant collective treatment apparatus having a cleaning means for spraying a gas.
    The cleaning means includes a plurality of conveying sprockets 43 connected to the inner upper end of the apparatus housing 16 at regular intervals along the longitudinal direction of the second screen 30, A spray body 45 connected to the lower side chain of the reciprocating conveyance chain 44 for spraying wash water or compressed air toward the second screen 30 side, And the other end of which is connected to the infusion line 47 of the washing water or compressed air through the wall of the apparatus housing 16 and the upper end of the upper portion of the apparatus housing 16 And a cleaning motor (41) installed outside or on the inside of the surface and rotating the conveying sprocket (43) to drive the reciprocating conveying chain (44). The micro-contaminant removing function High pressure washer for The multi-stage screen contaminants The device of the integrated processing.
  2. The washing machine according to claim 1, wherein an opening is cut along the longitudinal direction of the second screen (30) on the upper side of the apparatus housing (16), and the washing machine casing (40a) Which is detachably attached to the vehicle body,
    The conveyance sprocket 43 constituting the high pressure washer 40 and the reciprocating conveyance chain 44, the jet body 45 and the expansion and contraction coil hose 46 are disposed inside the cleaner casing 40a, ) Is fixed to the outside or the inside of the washer casing (40a). The multi-stage screen device for a disposing integrated treatment system equipped with a high-pressure washer for improving the function of removing fine contaminants.
  3. The washing machine according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the high-pressure washer (40) further comprises a hose support (46a) around which the expansion coil hose (46)
    The hose support 46a is installed in an inner space of the apparatus housing 16 corresponding to the upper side of the second screen 30 or in a direction parallel to the second screen 30 in the inner space of the washer casing 40a Wherein the multi-stage screen device is equipped with a high-pressure washer for enhancing the removal of fine contaminants.
  4. An infusion line (47) connected to the expansion coil hose (46) is provided with a washing water line (52) extending from the washing water pump (50) with a valve mechanism (V) And a compressed air line (53) extending from the air compressor (51) to a state in which the valve mechanism (V) is provided are integrated into a single line. The high pressure washer- Multi - stage screen device for integrated processing system.
  5. The drive mechanism according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the drive mechanism comprises: a drive motor (11) installed outside the apparatus housing (16); a pair of drive sprockets fixedly installed on an output shaft of the drive motor Rear supporting shafts 26 and 36 connected to the rear side of the first screen 20 and the second screen 30 and extending to the outside of the device housing 16 in the form of a double pipe, A pair of driven sprockets 27 and 37 fixed to the respective rear stop preventing shafts 26 and 36 and a pair of driven chains 27 and 37 connecting the drive sprockets 12 to the driven sprockets 27 and 37 12a,
    Each of the driven sprockets 27 and 37 is connected to the drive sprocket 12 so as to have a different reduction ratio and the injection pipe 13 penetrates the rear prevention shafts 26 of the first screen 20 Wherein the first screen (20) is inserted into the first screen (20). The multi-stage screen device according to claim 1, wherein the first screen (20)
  6. 6. The apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the second screen (30) is provided with a first screen (20) and a second screen (30) in contact with the surface of the first screen (20) A self-acting roller brush 48 is provided,
    The roller brush 48 includes a rotary shaft 49a connected to the front and rear walls of the second screen 30 and a rotary shaft 49a provided radially with a close spacing along the longitudinal direction of the rotary shaft 49a, And a cleaning brush (49) that is in close contact with the surface of the screen (20). The multi-stage screen device of claim 1, wherein the multi-stage screen device is equipped with a high-pressure washer.
KR1020140020609A 2013-04-09 2014-02-21 Multi-screen apparatus for an overall wastes processing equipment with improved removal function of fine materials by high-pressure washing device KR20140122174A (en)

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KR1020130038474 2013-04-09
KR1020140020609A KR20140122174A (en) 2013-04-09 2014-02-21 Multi-screen apparatus for an overall wastes processing equipment with improved removal function of fine materials by high-pressure washing device

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KR1020140020609A KR20140122174A (en) 2013-04-09 2014-02-21 Multi-screen apparatus for an overall wastes processing equipment with improved removal function of fine materials by high-pressure washing device
PCT/KR2014/004433 WO2015126011A1 (en) 2014-02-21 2014-05-17 Multi-screen apparatus for impurity treating equipment having high-pressure washing device mounted thereto for enhancement of fine-impurity removal function

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Cited By (1)

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CN107890984A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-04-10 界首市鑫龙粮油机械加工有限公司 A kind of anti-blockage type Double-layer revolving drum screen

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CN108889594B (en) * 2018-06-15 2021-01-26 广州臻太机械制造有限公司 Sand and stone separator with auxiliary cleaning device
CN109036790B (en) * 2018-07-12 2021-02-19 南通市海王电气有限公司 Transformer with insulating oil cleaning function
CN111495735B (en) * 2020-04-15 2021-06-22 施胜生 Sand screening machine for construction machinery

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200446111Y1 (en) * 2009-03-06 2009-09-25 동 석 강 Screen device for straining fine seeds and furs
KR100928559B1 (en) * 2009-04-07 2009-11-24 동 석 강 Multi-screen apparatus for processing of excrement and wasted water of stock-breeding and sewage
KR200446633Y1 (en) * 2009-04-07 2009-11-16 동 석 강 Roller Brush for Screen Unit
KR101244211B1 (en) * 2013-01-24 2013-03-15 동 석 강 Apparatus for processing adulteration material from sewage and wasted water

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107890984A (en) * 2017-12-01 2018-04-10 界首市鑫龙粮油机械加工有限公司 A kind of anti-blockage type Double-layer revolving drum screen

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