KR20040049360A - Apparatus for proceeding garbage - Google Patents

Apparatus for proceeding garbage Download PDF

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Publication number
KR20040049360A
KR20040049360A KR1020020076399A KR20020076399A KR20040049360A KR 20040049360 A KR20040049360 A KR 20040049360A KR 1020020076399 A KR1020020076399 A KR 1020020076399A KR 20020076399 A KR20020076399 A KR 20020076399A KR 20040049360 A KR20040049360 A KR 20040049360A
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
food waste
cutter
grinder
stirring
hopper
Prior art date
Application number
KR1020020076399A
Other languages
Korean (ko)
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KR100459862B1 (en
Inventor
최동각
Original Assignee
최동각
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Publication date
Application filed by 최동각 filed Critical 최동각
Priority to KR10-2002-0076399A priority Critical patent/KR100459862B1/en
Priority claimed from US10/537,072 external-priority patent/US7240865B2/en
Publication of KR20040049360A publication Critical patent/KR20040049360A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of KR100459862B1 publication Critical patent/KR100459862B1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/0058Removing gases or liquids enclosed in discarded articles, e.g. aerosol cans, cooling systems of refrigerators ; Removing gases from discarded plastic foam products
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • B02C18/2258Feed means of screw type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • B09B3/0083Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless by means of a thermal treatment, e.g. evaporation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/20Waste processing or separation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

PURPOSE: Provided is a device for treating garbage which is able to prevent and eliminate foul smell generated from the device for treating garbage. CONSTITUTION: The device comprises a pulverizer(14) where a cutter(16) and a lead screw(20) for guiding and pulverizing garbage are formed as one body, a supplementary cutter gearing with the cutter to rotate, being able to move to a recess part at certain intervals and formed to be inclined on one side, drainage holes(24) formed on the lower part of a housing(22) to discharge sewage generated when the garbage is pulverized by the pulverizer, a stirring case(42) having a stirrer(38) to stir the pulverized garbage and an exhaust port(44) having a filter and an exhaust fan to discharge foul smell generated when stirring the garbage at the stirring case to an overflow.

Description

음식물쓰레기 처리장치{APPARATUS FOR PROCEEDING GARBAGE}Food waste treatment device {APPARATUS FOR PROCEEDING GARBAGE}
본 발명은 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 관한것으로서, 보다 상세하게는 가정이나 식당등에서 발생하는 음식물 쓰레기를 효과적으로 처리할 수 있도록 된 새로운 구조의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 관한 것이다.The present invention relates to a food waste treatment apparatus, and more particularly, to a food waste treatment apparatus having a new structure that can effectively treat food waste generated in a home or a restaurant.
최근들어, 음식물쓰레기로 인한 환경오염에 대한 관심이 높아져 감에 따라, 음식물쓰레기의 처리 방안이 여러가지 개발되고 있다.Recently, as interest in environmental pollution due to food waste is increasing, various methods of treating food waste have been developed.
일예로, 음식물쓰레기를 소정의 가압장치로 가압하여, 음식물쓰레기에 포함된 수분을 제거하므로, 음식물쓰레기의 수분으로 인한 악취를 감소시키고, 음식물쓰레기의 중량을 줄여 사용하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치가 개발되어 사용되고 있다. 이와 같은 음식물쓰레기 처리장치를 이용하면, 음식물쓰레기의 수분을 제거하므로,수분으로 인한 음식물쓰레기의 악취와 폐수의 발생을 방지하여 환경오염을 줄일 수 있고, 음식물쓰레기의 처리비용을 절감할 수 있었다.For example, by pressing the food waste with a predetermined pressurization device to remove the water contained in the food waste, food waste processing apparatus has been developed to reduce the odor caused by the moisture of food waste, and to reduce the weight of food waste It is used. By using the food waste treatment apparatus as described above, since the water of food waste is removed, it is possible to reduce the environmental pollution by preventing the generation of odor and waste water of food waste due to moisture, and to reduce the disposal cost of food waste.
그러나, 이러한 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는 부피가 크고, 일반가정에서 사용하기에는 적합하지 않아 각 가정에서 배출되는 음식물쓰레기를 수거하여 따로 처리해야 하는 문제점이 발생되었다.However, such a food waste treatment device is bulky, and is not suitable for use in a general household, so a problem arises in that food wastes collected from each household are collected and disposed of separately.
이에따라, 일반가정에서는 소량으로 발생되는 음식물쓰레기를 처리하기 위하여, 분쇄기를 싱크대에 배수구에 설치하여 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄하고, 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 하수구를 통해 배출시켜 사용하고 있다.Accordingly, in order to process food waste generated in a small amount of household, a grinder is installed in a drain in a sink to crush food waste, and the crushed food waste is discharged through a sewer.
그러나, 이러한 장치는 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 하수구로 배출함으로 인한 하천의 오염을 유발시키는 문제점이 발생되었다.However, such a device has a problem of causing pollution of the river by discharging the crushed food waste to the sewer.
따라서, 일반가정에서 손쉽게 사용할 수 있고, 음식물쓰레기로 인한 환경오염을 방지할 수 있는 새로운 음식물쓰레기 처리장치가 필요하게 되었다.Therefore, there is a need for a new food waste treatment apparatus that can be easily used in a general household and can prevent environmental pollution due to food waste.
본 발명은 이와 같은 종래의 문제점을 보안하고져 안출된 것으로, 일반가정에 설치하여 사용자가 손쉽게 이용할 수 있고, 가정에서 배출되는 음식물쓰레기를 효과적으로 처리할 수 있어 음식물쓰레기로 인한 환경오염을 방지할 수 있도록 하며, 음식물쓰레기를 퇴비나 사료로 사용할 수 있도록 하는 새로운 구조의 음식물쓰레기 처리장치를 제공하는 데 그 목적이 있다.The present invention has been made to secure such a conventional problem, can be easily installed by the user by installing in a normal home, can effectively handle food waste discharged from the home to prevent environmental pollution due to food waste In addition, the object of the present invention is to provide a food waste treatment apparatus of a new structure that enables food waste to be used as compost or feed.
또한, 음식물쓰레기 처리장치 내에서 발생하는 악취를 효과적으로 방지 및 제거할 수 있게 하는 데 그 목적이 있다.In addition, it is an object to enable to effectively prevent and remove odor generated in the food waste treatment apparatus.
도 1은 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 구성단면도.Figure 1 is a cross-sectional view of the configuration of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention.
도 2는 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 분쇄기의 평면도.Figure 2 is a plan view of the crusher of the food waste processing apparatus according to the present invention.
도 3은 본 발명의 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 작동상태도.Figure 3 is an operating state of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention.
도 4는 본 발명의 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 교반기의 동작 상태도.Figure 4 is an operating state of the stirrer of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention.
도 5는 본 발명의 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 교반통의 동작 상태도.Figure 5 is an operating state of the stirring barrel of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention.
도 6는 본 발명의 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 사시도.Figure 6 is a perspective view of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention.
<도면의 주요 부분에 대한 부호의 설명><Explanation of symbols for the main parts of the drawings>
2 : 개수대4 : 필터2: sink 4: filter
6 : 광촉매플라즈마8 : 배수구6: photocatalyst plasma 8: drain
10 : 몸체12 : 분쇄모터10: body 12: grinding motor
14 : 분쇄기16 : 커터14 grinder 16: cutter
18 : 보조커터19 : 보조리드스크류18: auxiliary cutter 19: auxiliary lead screw
20 : 리드스크류22 : 하우징20: lead screw 22: housing
24 : 배수공26 : 수분제거구24: drain hole 26: moisture removal port
28 : 압착캡29 : 압착실리콘 패드28: pressing cap 29: pressing silicone pad
30 : 호퍼32 : 가압모터30: hopper 32: pressurized motor
34 : 가압구36 : 교반모터34: pressure port 36: stirring motor
38 : 교반기40 : 히터38: stirrer 40: heater
42 : 교반통44 : 배기구42: stirring tube 44: exhaust port
46 : 배기팬48 : 유격부46 exhaust fan 48 clearance
50 : 댐퍼52 : 투시창50: damper 52: viewing window
54 : 조작부56 : 디스플레이창54: operation unit 56: display window
58 : 음이온 발생기60 : 연결부재58: negative ion generator 60: connecting member
62 : 뚜껑62: lid
상기 목적은, 음식물쓰레기를 투입시키기 위한 호퍼가 몸체 상부에 구비되고, 상기 호퍼로부터 투입되어진 음식물쓰레기를 안내시킴과 동시에 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄하기 위한 커터와 리드스크류가 구비된 분쇄기가 호퍼 하부에 구비되며, 상기 분쇄기로부터 음식물쓰레기가 분쇄될때 발생하는 오수를 배출하기 위한 배수구가 구비되어진 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 있어서,The above object is provided with a hopper for injecting food waste in the upper part of the body, and at the same time guide the food waste introduced from the hopper and a grinder equipped with a cutter and a lead screw for crushing food waste is provided in the lower hopper. In the food waste treatment apparatus is provided with a drain hole for discharging the sewage generated when the food waste is ground from the grinder,
상기 분쇄기는 하우징 내부에 장착되는 것으로, 중앙부에 커터와 양측으로 리드스크류가 일체로 형성되고, 상기 분쇄기의 일측에는 상기커터와 맞물려 회전되는 보조커터가 구비되되, 상기 보조커터는 하우징 일측의 전후방으로 형성된 유격부에 축설되어 소정간격 이동이 가능하도록 구비되며, 상기 하우징 저면부에는 상기 분쇄기로부터 음식물쓰레기가 분쇄될때 발생하는 오수를 배수구로 유입시켜 주기 위한 배수공이 형성되고, 상기 분쇄기로부터 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 교반하기 위한 교반통과 교반기가 몸체 하부에 구비되며, 상기 교반통에서 음식물쓰레기의 교반시 발생하는 악취를 대기중으로 배기하기 위하여 배기구에 필터와 배기팬이 구비되고, 상기 교반통은 사용자가 음식물쓰레기를 용이하게 수거할 수 있도록 착탈식으로 구성되며, 상기 호퍼에는 음식물쓰레기가 분쇄기로의 유입을 용이하게 이룰수 있도록 가압구를 구비하고, 상기 교반기 내부에는 음식물쓰레기의 교반시 건조를 촉진시킬 수 있도록 히터가 구비되며, 상기 보조커터는 일측이 경사지게 형성되고, 타측에는 보조리드스크류가 일체로 형성되어 이룰 수 있게 된다.The grinder is mounted inside the housing, the lead screw is formed integrally with the cutter at both sides in the center, and one side of the grinder is provided with an auxiliary cutter which rotates in engagement with the cutter, wherein the auxiliary cutter is moved forward and backward on one side of the housing. It is installed in the clearance portion formed so as to be able to move a predetermined interval, the housing bottom surface is formed with a drain hole for introducing the wastewater generated when the food waste is crushed from the grinder into the drain hole, the food waste crushed from the grinder A stirring barrel and a stirrer are provided at the bottom of the body for stirring the filter, and an exhaust port is provided with a filter and an exhaust fan in order to exhaust the odor generated during the stirring of the food waste in the stirring cylinder to the atmosphere. Removable to easily collect the The hopper is provided with a pressurization port so that the food waste can be easily introduced into the grinder, the inside of the stirrer is provided with a heater to facilitate drying when stirring the food waste, the auxiliary cutter is formed to be inclined one side On the other side, the auxiliary lead screw can be formed integrally.
이하 첨부된 도면에 의거하여 본 발명의 바람직한 일실시예를 상세히 살펴보기로 한다.Hereinafter, a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
도 1은 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 구성단면도로서, 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 높이 조절이 가능하도록 댐퍼(50)가 몸체(10) 하부에 구비되고, 상기 몸체(10) 상부에는 음식물쓰레기를 투입하여 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄기(14)로 안내하기 위한 호퍼(30)가 구비되며, 상기 호퍼(30)로부터 투입된 음식물쓰레기의 분쇄를 이루게 되는 분쇄기(14)가 하우징(22) 내부에 설치되어 호퍼(30) 하단에 구비된다.1 is a cross-sectional view of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention, the damper 50 is provided in the lower portion of the body 10 to enable height adjustment of the food waste treatment apparatus, and the food waste is disposed on the upper portion of the body 10. A hopper 30 is provided to guide the food waste to the grinder 14, and a grinder 14 for crushing the food waste introduced from the hopper 30 is installed in the housing 22 to provide a hopper ( 30) is provided at the bottom.
이때, 상기 호퍼(30)에는 큰부피를 같는 음식물쓰레기를 용이하게 분쇄기(14)에 유입되도록 하기 위한 가압구(34)가 가압모터(32)에 의해 회전 동작 되도록 설치되고, 호퍼(30) 하부는 분쇄기(14)에 음식물쓰레기를 용이하게 투입시키기 위하여 분쇄기(14)의 길이 방향으로 타원형상을 이룬다.At this time, the hopper 30 is provided with a pressing port 34 for rotating the food waste having the same large volume easily into the grinder 14 to be rotated by the pressure motor 32, the hopper 30 lower Is formed in an elliptical shape in the longitudinal direction of the grinder 14 in order to easily put food waste into the grinder (14).
그리고, 상기 호퍼(30) 하부에 구비된 분쇄기(14)는 리드스크류(20)와 커터(16)가 일체로 형성되어 하우징(22) 내부에 장착되고, 상기 분쇄기(14)는 분쇄모터(12)로부터 동력을 전달 받아 회전되도록 구성되어 있으며, 상기 커터(16)와 서로 맞물려 회전하고, 유격부(48)로 소정간격 이동이 가능하며, 일측이 경사지게 형성되고, 타측에 보조리드스크류(19)가 일체로 형성되어진 보조커터(18)는 첨부도면 도2에 도시된 바와 같이 하우징(22) 내부에 구비된다.In addition, the crusher 14 provided below the hopper 30 has a lead screw 20 and a cutter 16 integrally formed and mounted inside the housing 22, and the crusher 14 has a grinding motor 12. It is configured to be rotated by receiving power from the rotation, meshed with the cutter 16 and rotated, the clearance gap 48 can be moved by a predetermined interval, one side is formed to be inclined, the other side of the auxiliary lead screw (19) Auxiliary cutter 18 is formed integrally is provided in the housing 22 as shown in the accompanying drawings.
여기서, 상기 하우징(22) 하부에는 분쇄기(14)로 음식물쓰레기의 분쇄시 발생하는 오수를 배수구(8)로 안내하여 배수시키기 위한 배수공(24)이 다수개가 구비된다.Here, the lower portion of the housing 22 is provided with a plurality of drain holes 24 for guiding and draining the sewage generated during the crushing of the food waste to the drain hole (8).
또한, 상기 하우징(22) 내부에 구비된 분쇄기(14) 일측에는 수분을 재차 제거할 수 있는 수분제거구(26)이 구비되고, 하우징(22) 일측단에는 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 더욱 압착하여 미세하도록 하기 위한 압착실리콘 패드(29)와 압착캡(28)이 하우징(22)과 결합 구성된다.In addition, one side of the grinder 14 provided in the housing 22 is provided with a water removal hole 26 to remove moisture again, and one side end of the housing 22 further compresses the crushed food waste to fine Pressing silicon pad 29 and the pressing cap 28 to be coupled to the housing 22 to be configured.
그리고, 몸체(10) 하부에는 분쇄기(14)로부터 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 교반하기 위한 교반통(42)이 구비되고, 상기 교반통(42) 내부에는 교반기(38)가 교반모터(36)에 의해 회동되도록 설치되며, 상기 교반기(38)에는 음식물쓰레기의 교반시 건조를 용이하게 이룰 수 있도록 히터(40)가 내설되어 구비된다.In addition, the lower part of the body 10 is provided with a stirring barrel 42 for stirring the food waste pulverized from the grinder 14, the inside of the stirring cylinder 42, the stirrer 38 by the stirring motor 36 It is installed to be rotated, the stirrer 38 is provided with a heater 40 is built in so as to easily dry when stirring the food waste.
또한, 몸체(10) 일측에는 음식물쓰레기의 교반시 발생하는 악취를 제거 하기 위하여 배기구(44)에 필터(4)와 배기팬(46)이 구비되며, 몸체(10) 상부에는 광촉매플라즈마(6)가 설치 구성된다.In addition, one side of the body 10 is provided with a filter 4 and an exhaust fan 46 in the exhaust port 44 to remove the odor generated when stirring the food waste, the photocatalyst plasma 6 on the body 10 Is configured for installation.
도면중 미설명 부호 4는 필터이고, 58은 공기정화를 위한 음이온발생기를 나타낸다.In the figure, reference numeral 4 denotes a filter, and 58 denotes an anion generator for air purification.
이와같은 구성을 이루고 있는 본 발명인 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 동작에 따른 작용효과를 살펴보기로 한다.The effect of the operation of the food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention constituting such a configuration will be described.
먼저, 참고도면 도3에 도시된 바와 같이 몸체(10) 상부에 구비된 개수대(2)에 음식물쓰레기를 투입하게 되면, 음식물쓰레기는 호퍼(30)를 통해 분쇄기(14)로 투입이 이루어 지고, 상기 호퍼(30)로부터 투입된 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄하기 위하여 분쇄모터(12)를 작동하게 되면, 하우징(22) 내부에 구비된 분쇄기(14)가 회전하게 된다.First, as shown in Figure 3, when food waste is put into the sink 2 provided on the upper body 10, the food waste is put into the grinder 14 through the hopper 30, When the grinding motor 12 is operated to grind the food waste introduced from the hopper 30, the grinder 14 provided in the housing 22 rotates.
여기서, 상기 분쇄기(14)는 리드스크류(20)와 커터(16)가 일체로 형성되어 있어 동시에 회전하게 되고, 상기 커터(16)와 맞물려 역회전하는 보조커터(18)는 일측이 경사지게 형성되며, 타측에는 보조리드스크류(19)가 일체로 형성되고, 유격부(48)로 소정간격 이동이 가능하다.Here, the grinder 14 is the lead screw 20 and the cutter 16 is integrally formed to rotate at the same time, the auxiliary cutter 18 to be rotated in reverse with the cutter 16 is formed to be inclined one side. On the other side, the auxiliary lead screw 19 is integrally formed, and the clearance portion 48 is movable at a predetermined interval.
이때, 상기 보조커터(18)가 유격부(48)로 이동하는 것은 분쇄기(14)에 과부하가 발생할때 보조커터(18)를 유격부(48)로 이동하게 하여 커터(16)와 보조커터(18) 및 분쇄모터(12)에 가해지는 부하를 줄일 수 있는 것이다.At this time, the auxiliary cutter 18 is moved to the clearance 48 so that when the overload occurs in the grinder 14, the auxiliary cutter 18 moves to the clearance 48 so that the cutter 16 and the auxiliary cutter ( 18) and the load applied to the grinding motor 12 can be reduced.
또한, 상기 보조커터(18)의 일측을 경사지게 형성하므로, 분쇄되어진 음식물쓰레기가 리드스크류(20)에 유입될때 발생하는 압력을 줄여 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기의 이동을 원활하게 이룰수 있는 것이다.In addition, since one side of the auxiliary cutter 18 is inclined, it is possible to smoothly move the crushed food waste by reducing the pressure generated when the crushed food waste flows into the lead screw 20.
이와 같은 상태에서, 음식물쓰레기는 분쇄기(14) 일측에 형성된 리드스크류(20)와 보조리드스크류(19)를 따라 이송되고, 이송되어진 음식물쓰레기는 참고도면 도2에 도시된 바와 같이 서로 맞물려 회전하고 있는 커터(16)와 보조커터(18)에 공급되어 음식물쓰레기가 분쇄가 이루어지게 되는 것이다.In this state, the food waste is transported along the lead screw 20 and the auxiliary lead screw 19 formed on one side of the grinder 14, and the transported food waste is interlocked with each other as shown in FIG. The food waste is fed to the cutter 16 and the auxiliary cutter 18 to be crushed.
이때, 음식물쓰레기의 분쇄가 직접적으로 이루어지게 되는 것은 커터(16)와 보조커터(18)의 회전시 커터의 날이 서로 맞물리면서 회동할때 음식물쓰레기가 커터(16)의 날과 보조커터(18)의 날을 따라 이송되어 지면서 분쇄가 이루어지는 것으로, 이와같은 분쇄가 이룰어질때 음식물쓰레기에 포함되어진 수분도 같이 배출하게 된다.At this time, the crushing of food waste is made directly when the cutter blade and the cutter blade rotates while being engaged with each other when the cutter 16 and the auxiliary cutter 18 rotate, the food waste is the blade of the cutter 16 and the auxiliary cutter 18. The grinding is carried out along the edge of the blade, and when the grinding is performed, the moisture contained in the food waste is also discharged.
이렇게 배출된 수분은 하우징(22)의 내측 하부에 형성되어있는 배수공(24)으로 유입되어, 배수관을 따라 배수구(8)로 배출 되는 것이다.The water discharged in this way flows into the drain hole 24 formed in the inner lower portion of the housing 22 and is discharged to the drain hole 8 along the drain pipe.
이와같이, 이송되어지면서 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기는 커터(16)와 보조커터(18)로부터 이송되어 커터(16) 일측의 리드스크류(20)에 투입되게 되고, 리드스크류(20)에 투입되어진 음식물쓰레기는 리드스크류(20)를 따라 이송되면서 리드스크류(20) 일측에 구비되어진 수분제거구(26)에 투입되게 된다.As such, the food waste that is crushed while being transported is transferred from the cutter 16 and the auxiliary cutter 18 to be introduced into the lead screw 20 on one side of the cutter 16, and the food waste introduced into the lead screw 20 is While being transported along the lead screw 20, the lead screw 20 is inserted into the water removal port 26 provided at one side of the lead screw 20.
이때, 상기 수분제거구(26)에 투입되어진 음식물쓰레기는 수분제거구(26)에서 재차 수분이 제거 되는데, 이는 리드스크류(20)에 의해 지속적으로 공급되어지는 음식물쓰레기가 수분제거구(26)에서 일정한 압력이 발생하여 수분을 제거 하게 되는 것이다.At this time, the food waste introduced into the water removal port 26 is removed moisture again from the water removal port 26, which is the food waste continuously supplied by the lead screw 20, the water removal port 26 The constant pressure is generated in the water to remove the moisture.
이와같이, 수분제거구(26)에서 수분이 제거된 음식물쓰레기는 리드스크류(20)의 일측에 형성되어진 나선형의 홈을 따라 이송되어 하우징(22) 일측에 설치되어진 압착실리콘 패드(29)와 압착캡(28)에 공급되게 되고, 공급되어진 음식물쓰레기는 압착실리콘 패드(29)에서 더욱 미세하게 분쇄가 이루어지면서, 압착캡(28) 외부로 배출되어 몸체(10) 하부에 구비되어진 교반통(42)으로 공급된다.As such, the food waste from which the water is removed from the water removal port 26 is transferred along a spiral groove formed on one side of the lead screw 20 to compress the silicon pad 29 and the compression cap installed on one side of the housing 22. The supplied food waste is finely pulverized in the pressurized silicon pad 29 while being supplied to the 28, and is discharged to the outside of the press cap 28 to be provided at the lower portion of the body 10. Supplied by.
여기서, 교반통(42)에 공급되어진 음식물쓰레기는 참고도면 도3내지 도4에 도시된 바와 같이 교반모터(36)로부터 동력을 전달 받아 회전하는 교반기(38)에 의해 교반 및 건조가 이루어 지게 된다.Here, the food waste supplied to the stirring barrel 42 is agitated and dried by a stirrer 38 that receives power from the stirring motor 36 and rotates as shown in FIGS. 3 to 4. .
이때, 사용자는 미리 교반통(42) 내부에 미생물 칩이나 톱밥등을 공급하여 음식물쓰레기와 같이 교반을 이루어 사용할 수 도 있는 것이다.At this time, the user may be used in advance by supplying microbial chips or sawdust, etc. in the stirring barrel 42, such as food waste.
그리고, 상기 교반기(38) 내부에는 히터(40)를 내설시키게 함으로, 교반시음식물쓰레기의 건조가 용이하고 신속하게 이루어지게 되어, 음식물쓰레기의 부패를 늦출수 있어 음식물쓰레기의 부패시 발생하는 악취와 오수의 발생을 최소화 할 수 있는 것이다.In addition, the inside of the stirrer (38) by the heater 40, the drying of the food waste during stirring is made easily and quickly, it can slow down the decay of food waste and odor generated during the decay of food waste It is possible to minimize the generation of sewage.
또한, 상기와 같이 음식물쓰레기에서 발생하는 악취를 제거하기 위하여 참고도면 도3내지 도4에 도시된 바와 같이 몸체(10)에 배기구(44)와 필터(4)를 구비하여, 배기팬(46)으로 음식물쓰레기의 악취를 배수구(8)로 배출시킬 수 있고, 광촉매플라즈마(6) 및 음이온발생기(58)로 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 내부 및 외부 공기를 정화 시킬 수 있는 것이다.In addition, the exhaust fan 46 and the exhaust port 44 and the filter 4 in the body 10, as shown in Figure 3 to 4 to remove the odor generated in the food waste as described above, the exhaust fan 46 It is possible to discharge the odor of the food waste to the drain (8), and the photocatalyst plasma (6) and the negative ion generator (58) to purify the internal and external air of the food waste treatment apparatus.
이때, 상기 필터(4)는 참고도면 도4의 부분확대도에 도시된 바와 같이 악취를 제거하는 것으로서, 항균필터(63), 활성탄(64), 바이오볼(65) 등이 필터층으로 구성된다.At this time, the filter 4 is to remove the odor as shown in the partial enlarged view of Figure 4, the antimicrobial filter 63, activated carbon 64, bio ball 65 and the like is composed of a filter layer.
이와같이, 교반되어진 음식물쓰레기가 교반통(42) 내부에 일정한 양이 모이게 되면, 교반되어진 음식물쓰레기를 수거 해야하는데, 이를 위하여 참고도면 도5에 되시된 바와 같이 교반통(42)을 슬라이드식으로 착탈 가능하게 하여, 사용자가 음식물쓰레기의 수거를 용이하게 이룰 수 있는 것이다.As such, when the stirred food waste is collected in a predetermined amount inside the stirring barrel 42, the stirred food waste should be collected. For this purpose, the stirring barrel 42 is detachably detached as shown in FIG. By doing so, the user can easily achieve the collection of food waste.
상기와 같이 톱밥이나 미생물과 교반되어진 음식물쓰레기를 수거하여 퇴비로 사용할 수 도 있고, 가축의 사료로도 사용할 수 있는 것이다.Sawdust or microorganisms and agitated food waste as described above can be used as a compost, it can also be used as feed for livestock.
또한, 분쇄하기 위한 음식물쓰레기는 여러가지 크기를 가지게 되어, 부피가 큰 음식물쓰레기는 분쇄기(14)로의 투입이 원활히 이루어지지 않게 되는데, 이를 용이하게 이룰 수 있도록 상기 호퍼(30)에 구비된 가압모터(32)와 가압구(34)를 작동시켜 음식물쓰레기의 투입을 용이하게 이룰 수 있다.In addition, the food waste to be crushed to have a variety of sizes, the bulky food waste is not smoothly made into the grinder 14, the pressurized motor provided in the hopper (30) to achieve this easily 32) and the pressure port 34 can be operated to facilitate the introduction of food waste.
여기서, 상기 가압모터(32)는 저속으로 회전하게 되고, 가압구(34)의 회전시 사용자의 부주위로 인한 인체의 접촉이 발생할때 부상을 방지하기 위하여 가압구(34)의 회전시 사람의 손이 들어가게 되면 가압모터(32)에 의하여 회전 되는 가압구(34)는 스프링(66)과 클러치(68)에 의하여 회전이 일시 정지하고 스프링(66)과 클러치(68)는 역회전 하게 되어 사용자의 부상을 방지하게 되는 것이다.Here, the pressure motor 32 is rotated at a low speed, the human hand during the rotation of the pressure port 34 in order to prevent injuries when the contact of the human body due to the user's circumference occurs during the rotation of the pressure port (34). When the pressurization port 34 is rotated by the pressure motor 32 is rotated by the spring 66 and the clutch 68, the rotation is temporarily stopped and the spring 66 and the clutch 68 is rotated in reverse It will prevent injuries.
도 6은 본 발명에 따른 음식물쓰레기 처리장치의 사시도로서, 음식물쓰레기 처리장치를 싱크대 내부에 설치하기 위한 것으로서, 연결부재(60)를 이용하여 싱크대와 호퍼(30)를 연결하여 설치할 수 있는 것이다.Figure 6 is a perspective view of the food waste treatment apparatus according to the present invention, which is to install the food waste treatment apparatus in the sink, it can be installed by connecting the sink and the hopper 30 using the connection member (60).
이때, 싱크대와 연결된 음식물쓰레기 처리장치를 사용하기 않을 때에는 미리 구비되어진 뚜껑(62)을 덮어 두고 사용하게 된다.At this time, when not using the food waste processing apparatus connected to the sink is used to cover the lid 62 is provided in advance.
또한, 몸체(10) 상부 일측에 조작부(54) 및 디스플레이창(56)을 구비하고, 전면부에 투시창(52)을 구비하여, 사용자가 음식물쓰레기 처리장치를 편리하게 조작할 수 있고, 음식물쓰레기의 교반통(42) 내에서의 상태를 용이하게 확인할 수 있는 것이다.In addition, the upper part of the body 10 is provided with an operation unit 54 and a display window 56, and the front window is provided with a viewing window 52, the user can conveniently operate the food waste treatment apparatus, food waste The state in the stirring vessel 42 can be easily confirmed.
그리고, 상기에서 본 발명의 특정한 실시예가 설명 및 도시되었지만 본 발명인 음식물쓰레기 처리장치가 당업자에 의해 다양하게 변형되어 실시될 가능성이 있는 것은 자명한 일이다.And while a specific embodiment of the present invention has been described and illustrated above, it is obvious that the food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention may be variously modified and implemented by those skilled in the art.
일예로, 상기에서는 리드스크류와 커터의 일체형으로 형성하도록 하였으나 이를 분해가 가능하도록 할 수 도 있는 것이다.In one example, the lead screw and the cutter is formed integrally, but this may be disassembled.
또한, 본 발명에서는 교반되어진 음식물쓰레기를 수거하기 위하여 교반통을 착탈이 가능하게 구성하였으나, 이외에도 교반통을 착탈이 가능하면서도 교반되어진 음식물쓰레기가 자동으로 이송되도록 하여 용기나 봉투에 수거할 수 있는 다양한 형태로 변형이 가능하게 적용 할 수 있는 것이다.In addition, the present invention is configured to detachable agitator in order to collect the agitated food waste, but in addition to the detachable agitator can be removed to a variety of containers or bags to be automatically transported agitated food waste It is possible to apply the deformation in the form.
따라서, 변형된 실시예들은 본 발명의 기술적 사상이나 전망으로부터 개별적으로 이해되어져서는 안되며, 변형된 실시예들은 본 발명의 첨부된 특허등록청구범위 안에 속한다 해야 할 것이다.Therefore, the modified embodiments should not be individually understood from the technical spirit or the prospect of the present invention, and the modified embodiments should fall within the appended claims of the present invention.
상술한 바와 같이 본 발명인 음식물쓰레기 처리장치는 음식물쓰레기를 효과적으로 분쇄하여, 음식물쓰레기의 부피를 획기적으로 줄일 수 있고, 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 교반기에서 교반하면서 수분을 완전히 제거하여 음식물쓰레기의 중량 및 음식물쓰레기의 부패를 방지할 수 있는 것이며, 장치내에서 악취를 배수구로 배출할 수 있게 하여 음식물쓰레기에서 발생되는 악취를 효과적을 제거할 수 있는 효과가 있다.Food waste treatment apparatus of the present invention as described above effectively crush the food waste, can significantly reduce the volume of food waste, and completely remove the water while stirring the crushed food waste in a stirrer to reduce the weight and food waste of food waste It is possible to prevent the decay of, it is possible to discharge the odor in the drain in the device has an effect that can effectively remove the odor generated from food waste.
또한, 음식물쓰레기의 교반시 톱밥이나 미생물 칩을 혼합하여 사용할 수 있으므로, 이와같이 혼합된 음식물쓰레기를 퇴비나 사료로도 사용 가능하여, 음식물쓰레기의 배출로 인한 환경오염을 획기적으로 감소시킬 수 있는 효과가 있는 것이다.In addition, since the sawdust or microbial chips can be mixed and used during the stirring of the food waste, the mixed food waste can be used as compost or feed, which can dramatically reduce the environmental pollution caused by the discharge of food waste. It is.

Claims (5)

  1. 음식물쓰레기를 투입시키기 위한 호퍼(30)가 몸체(10) 상부에 구비되고, 상기 호퍼(30)로부터 투입되어진 음식물쓰레기를 안내시킴과 동시에 음식물쓰레기를 분쇄하기 위한 커터(16)와 리드스크류(20)가 구비된 분쇄기(14)가 호퍼(30) 하부에 구비되며, 상기 분쇄기(14)로부터 음식물쓰레기가 분쇄될때 발생하는 오수를 배출하기 위한 배수구(8)가 구비되어진 음식물쓰레기 처리장치에 있어서,A hopper 30 for introducing food waste is provided in the upper portion of the body 10, and guides the food waste introduced from the hopper 30 and simultaneously cutters 16 and lead screws 20 for crushing food waste. In the food waste processing apparatus provided with a crusher 14 is provided in the lower portion of the hopper 30, the drain hole 8 for discharging the waste water generated when the food waste is crushed from the crusher 14,
    상기 분쇄기(14)는 하우징(22) 내부에 장착되는 것으로, 중앙부에 커터(16)와 양측으로 리드스크류(20)가 일체로 형성되고, 상기 분쇄기(14)의 일측에는 상기커터(16)와 맞물려 회전되는 보조커터(18)가 구비되되, 상기 보조커터(18)는 하우징(22) 일측의 전후방으로 형성된 유격부(48)에 축설되어 소정간격 이동이 가능하도록 구비되며,The grinder 14 is mounted in the housing 22, and the lead screw 20 is integrally formed at both sides with the cutter 16 at the center thereof, and the cutter 16 is disposed at one side of the grinder 14. Auxiliary cutter 18 to be engaged is rotated is provided, the auxiliary cutter 18 is provided in the clearance portion 48 formed in the front and rear of one side of the housing 22 is provided to enable a predetermined interval movement,
    상기 하우징(22) 저면부에는 상기 분쇄기(14)로부터 음식물쓰레기가 분쇄될때 발생하는 오수를 배수구(8)로 유입시켜 주기 위한 배수공(24)이 형성되고, 상기 분쇄기(14)로부터 분쇄된 음식물쓰레기를 교반하기 위한 교반통(42)과 교반기(38)가 몸체(10) 하부에 구비되며,A drain hole 24 is formed at the bottom of the housing 22 to allow the wastewater generated when the food waste is crushed from the grinder 14 to the drain port 8, and the food waste crushed from the grinder 14. Stirring barrel 42 and the stirrer 38 for stirring the is provided on the lower body 10,
    상기 교반통(42)에서 음식물쓰레기의 교반시 발생하는 악취를 대기중으로 배기하기 위하여 배기구(44)에 필터(4)와 배기팬(46)이 구비된 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.Food waste treatment apparatus characterized in that the exhaust port 44 is provided with a filter (4) and an exhaust fan (46) in order to exhaust the odor generated during the stirring of the food waste in the stirring barrel (42) to the atmosphere.
  2. 청구항 1에 있어서,The method according to claim 1,
    상기 교반통(42)은 사용자가 음식물쓰레기를 용이하게 수거할 수 있도록 착탈식으로 구성된 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.The stirring barrel 42 is a food waste processing apparatus, characterized in that the user is configured to be removable so that food waste can be easily collected.
  3. 청구항 1에 있어서,The method according to claim 1,
    상기 교반기(38) 내부에는 음식물쓰레기 교반시 건조를 촉진시킬 수 있도록 히터(40)가 구비된 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.Food waste processing apparatus, characterized in that the heater (40) is provided inside the stirrer (38) to promote drying when stirring the food waste.
  4. 청구항 1에 있어서,The method according to claim 1,
    상기 호퍼(30)에는 음식물쓰레기가 분쇄기(14)로의 유입이 용이하도록 가압구(34)를 구비한 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.Food waste processing apparatus, characterized in that the hopper 30 is provided with a pressing hole 34 to facilitate the inflow of food waste into the grinder (14).
  5. 청구항 1에 있어서,The method according to claim 1,
    상기 보조커터(18)는 일측이 경사지게 형성되고, 타측에는 보조리드스크류 (19)가 일체로 형성 되어진 것을 특징으로 하는 음식물쓰레기 처리장치.The auxiliary cutter 18 is one side is formed to be inclined, the other side is a food waste processing apparatus, characterized in that the auxiliary lead screw 19 is formed integrally.
KR10-2002-0076399A 2002-12-03 2002-12-03 Apparatus for proceeding garbage KR100459862B1 (en)

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KR10-2002-0076399A KR100459862B1 (en) 2002-12-03 2002-12-03 Apparatus for proceeding garbage
US10/537,072 US7240865B2 (en) 2002-12-03 2003-12-02 Apparatus for food waste treatment
JP2004570737A JP2006510486A (en) 2002-12-03 2003-12-02 Garbage disposal equipment
CNB2003801048898A CN100546729C (en) 2002-12-03 2003-12-02 Apparatus for food waste treatment
AU2003282456A AU2003282456A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2003-12-02 Apparatus for food waste treatment
PCT/KR2003/002626 WO2004050268A1 (en) 2002-12-03 2003-12-02 Apparatus for food waste treatment

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KR100751880B1 (en) * 2006-01-27 2007-08-23 주식회사 리코금속 Apparatus for disposing of food waste
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KR100781947B1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2007-12-05 주식회사수산중공업 A apparatus and a method for processing the waste water produced by the foodstuffs
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KR100755439B1 (en) * 2005-03-03 2007-09-05 김영기 Device for treating food waste
KR100745458B1 (en) * 2005-03-11 2007-08-02 손석옥 A food waste removal apparatus
KR100715273B1 (en) * 2005-08-30 2007-05-08 고천일 A Foodstuffs Garbage Granule Disposal System
WO2007075053A1 (en) * 2005-12-27 2007-07-05 Dae-Ho Jang Method of resolving food waste using aerobic microorganism and apparatus therefor
KR100751880B1 (en) * 2006-01-27 2007-08-23 주식회사 리코금속 Apparatus for disposing of food waste
KR100781947B1 (en) * 2006-06-14 2007-12-05 주식회사수산중공업 A apparatus and a method for processing the waste water produced by the foodstuffs
KR100812940B1 (en) * 2007-05-23 2008-03-11 김동배 Reduce machine of food garbage
KR101309070B1 (en) * 2011-08-01 2013-09-16 (주)씨큐브 An apparatus for treating food waste with particle piles up

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