KR101443858B1 - Cleaning device for foreign matter of machining parts - Google Patents

Cleaning device for foreign matter of machining parts Download PDF

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Publication number
KR101443858B1
KR101443858B1 KR1020120145249A KR20120145249A KR101443858B1 KR 101443858 B1 KR101443858 B1 KR 101443858B1 KR 1020120145249 A KR1020120145249 A KR 1020120145249A KR 20120145249 A KR20120145249 A KR 20120145249A KR 101443858 B1 KR101443858 B1 KR 101443858B1
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South Korea
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unit
rinsing
storage tank
cleaning
washing
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KR1020120145249A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20140076801A (en
Inventor
안복영
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다빈공업 주식회사
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Abstract

An object of the present invention is to provide a foreign matter cleaning apparatus for a machined part, which comprises a cleaning unit of a warming type in which ultrasonic wave generating means is provided and a cleaning liquid for cleaning an object is stored; A first rinsing unit of a warming type having an ultrasonic wave generator and storing a rinsing liquid for rinsing the object to be cleaned first; A second rinsing unit for rinsing the object to be firstly rinsed through the spraying of the rinsing liquid; A drying unit for drying the washed and rinsed object; And a driving unit that connects the conveyor to a drive shaft and a driven shaft that are disposed on the same line so that the conveyor can be circulated and rotated along the drive shaft and the driven shaft, And conveying means.
This invention improves the cleaning efficiency of the workpiece parts moving through the washing unit, the first rinsing unit, the second rinsing unit, and the drying unit through individually provided transfer means to improve the cleaning quality of the processed parts, It is possible to improve the quality of the finished product by improving the processing efficiency in the subsequent processing and improve the efficiency of the continuous process including the washing, rinsing and drying processes, thereby reducing the cost and improving the productivity.

Description

Technical Field [0001] The present invention relates to a cleaning device for foreign matter,
The present invention relates to a cleaning device for removing foreign substances from a machined part, and more particularly, to a cleaning device for effectively removing various foreign substances remaining on the machined part in the process of machining the machined part, , The efficiency of the cleaning process, the cost reduction effect, and the productivity improvement effect.
In general, machined parts made by machining a metal machine are manufactured by machining, casting, welding, etc. Particularly, machining methods for manufacturing metal machine parts can be roughly divided into plastic working and cutting machining.
In other words, plastic working is a processing method in which parts are deformed through various processes such as forging, rolling, extruding, drawing, tubing, rolling, pressing, etc., and the cutting process is performed by a lathe, And cutting and removing a part of the machined part by using a drilling machine or the like.
Recently, the cutting process has been performed through NC machining using numerical control according to the technological development. Such NC machining has advantages that the numerical value of the product is accurate, the safety accident of the worker is reduced, and the mass production of the product is possible .
On the other hand, machined parts produced through such machining process generate a large amount of large and small chips in the machining step. In this process, frictional heat is generated between the tool and the machined part, The cutting oil is supplied to the machining part so as to prevent damage.
Therefore, in the processing step of the machined part, foreign substances such as crusher, chip, and machining oil are adhered to the surface of the machined part. In order to commercialize the machined part or to carry out subsequent processing such as sanding or painting, such foreign matter must be removed.
Accordingly, as a prior art for removing foreign substances from a conventional machining part, there is disclosed in Korean Patent Registration No. 10-0923563 entitled " Bearing Automatic Washer and Cleaning Method ", which removes foreign matter by spraying high pressure cleaning water to a machining part, A process of immersing the processed parts in the detergent by using a "bearing cleaning device" or a lifter device in which foreign matter is removed by spraying air, A process of rotating a part, and a process of taking out a processed part that has been cleaned from a detergent container, have been proposed in Korean Patent Laid-Open No. 1999-0075504 entitled " Automatic cleaning method using ultrasonic waves ".
However, these known cleaning methods are difficult to effectively remove flour, chips, and processing oil remaining on the processed parts, resulting in deteriorated cleaning quality, resulting in poor quality of the finished product, and in the case of subsequent processing, There is a problem that the completeness of the product is lowered.
In addition, there are structural limitations in performing a large number of machined parts continuously, and the cleaning workability is not good, so that there is a problem in achieving an automated process in which cleaning and subsequent machining are linked to each other due to poor connection with subsequent machining.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, the present invention has been made keeping in mind the above problems occurring in the prior art, and it is therefore an object of the present invention to improve the cleaning quality of machined parts by continuously performing washing, rinsing and drying of the machined parts through the transfer means, The present invention relates to a foreign matter cleaning apparatus for a machining part which improves the productivity of the machining part by improving the machining efficiency of the machining part and improving the productability of the machining part.
According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention,
A heating unit having a ultrasonic wave generating means and storing a washing liquid for washing an object; A first rinsing unit of a warming type having an ultrasonic wave generator and storing a rinsing liquid for rinsing the object to be cleaned first; A second rinsing unit for rinsing the object to be firstly rinsed through the spraying of the rinsing liquid; A drying unit for drying the washed and rinsed object; And a driving unit that connects the conveyor to a drive shaft and a driven shaft that are disposed on the same line so that the conveyor can be circulated and rotated along the drive shaft and the driven shaft, And a conveying means.
Preferably,
The cleaning unit includes a cleaning liquid storage tank in which the cleaning liquid is stored; A cleaning liquid auxiliary tank connected to a lower portion of the cleaning liquid storage tank for storing a cleaning liquid overflowed from the cleaning liquid storage tank, and for introducing the stored cleaning liquid into the cleaning liquid storage tank using a cleaning pump according to a change in the level of the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid storage tank, ; And an exhaust means provided at an upper portion of the washing liquid tank to collect and remove water vapor generated from the washing liquid.
Preferably,
The first rinsing section includes a rinsing liquid storage tank in which a rinsing liquid is stored; The rinsing liquid stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank is connected to the lower portion of the rinsing liquid storage tank and stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank by using a rinsing pump in accordance with the change in the rinsing liquid level of the rinsing liquid storage tank. A rinse solution auxiliary tank for introducing the rinse solution into the tank; And an exhaust means provided at an upper portion of the rinsing liquid tank to collect and remove water vapor generated from the rinsing liquid.
Preferably,
The second rinsing section includes: a plurality of injection nozzles for spraying the rinsing liquid in a downward direction; A drain tank positioned below the spray nozzle to receive and drain the rinsing liquid sprayed from the spray nozzle; And a drain auxiliary tank connected to a lower portion of the drain tank and supplying the rinse liquid drained from the drain tank to the injection nozzle through a drain pump.
Preferably,
The drying unit includes a drying chamber having a plurality of blowing openings therein and having inlet and outlet openings on opposite sides thereof; And a blowing unit located outside the drying chamber to supply hot air to the inside of the drying chamber through the air outlet, recover the supplied hot air, and reheat the hot air to supply the air to the air outlet.
Preferably,
Wherein a plurality of objects to be cleaned are fixed to the upper surface of the first transfer unit at regular intervals, and the first transfer unit is repeatedly circulated and rotated along the upper and lower portions of the washing liquid storage tank of the washing unit by the driving unit, A first conveyor for moving the first conveying unit in a state where the first conveying unit is immersed in the cleaning liquid of the cleaning liquid storage tank; A plurality of objects having been cleaned are fixed on the upper surface of the second transfer part at regular intervals, and the second transfer part is repeatedly circulated and rotated along the upper and lower parts of the rinsing liquid storage tank of the first rinsing part by the driving part, A second conveyor in which the second conveying part is moved in a state of being immersed in the rinsing liquid of the rinsing liquid storage tank, and a plurality of rinsed objects are seated and fixed on the upper surface of the third conveying part at equal intervals, A third conveyor that is repeatedly circulated and rotated by the driving unit along the lower portion of the drying chamber and the lower portion of the drain tank via the upper portion of the drain tank of the second rinse portion and the drying chamber of the drying portion; And a guide that is provided at a vertex of a connection portion between the first conveyor, the second conveyor, and the third conveyor provided adjacent to each other to assist the movement of the object from the first conveyance portion to the second conveyance portion or from the second conveyance portion to the third conveyance portion Member. ≪ / RTI >
More preferably,
The exhaust means includes first and second exhaust hoods located on top of the rinse solution storage tank and the rinse solution storage tank; A first and a second variable duct connected to the upper portions of the first and second exhaust hoods; A connecting duct connected to an upper end of the first and second variable length ducts; And a purifier installed at one end of the connecting duct.
More preferably,
The first and second variable-length ducts of the exhaust means include a gear motor that is rotated forward and reverse according to the operation and stoppage of the cleaning device, and a wire connected to the gear motor at one end and a wire connected to the first and second exhaust hoods at the other end. The length of the first and second length-variable ducts is extended during operation of the cleaning device, and the length of the first and second length-variable ducts is reduced when the cleaning device is stopped.
Preferably,
The rinsing liquid storage tank of the washing section or the rinsing liquid storage tank of the first rinsing section is provided with the oil water separator.
More preferably,
The spray nozzle is composed of a plurality of vertical spray nozzles for spraying the rinse water vertically downward to the object to be rinsed and a plurality of slant spray nozzles for spraying the rinse water in the downward inclined direction, This is related to arranging the nozzles alternately and repeatedly.
More preferably,
The air blowing means of the drying unit includes a heater for heating the air to be introduced, which is provided with an electric heater therein, and the air recovered from the outside or the drying chamber is sent to the heater to generate hot air through the electric heater of the heater, It is related to the inclusion of the blower.
Preferably,
A pair of sprockets each having a distance corresponding to the width of the object are provided at both ends of the driving shaft and the driven shaft, and the chain is connected to the sprocket, and the conveying portion constituted by the conveyor of the conveying means And a plurality of wire members for connecting the chains facing each other in the transverse direction, wherein each of the wire members is kept at a constant distance from each other, and each of the wire members protrudes upward so that a part of the object, So that the locking part can be fixed.
Preferably,
The washing unit, the rinsing unit, the second rinsing unit, and the drying unit are continuously operated so that the object can be cleaned, rinsed and dried in one process, and the washing unit including the transfer unit The first rinsing section, the second rinsing section and the drying section are associated with a transport frame provided on a carrying frame provided with rolling means and fixing means on the bottom surface.
The present invention improves the accuracy and efficiency of cleaning, rinsing, and drying of a workpiece part that is sequentially moved through a washing unit, a first rinsing unit, a second rinsing unit, and a drying unit through individually provided transfer means, It is possible to improve the quality and to improve the quality of the finished product by increasing the efficiency of the processing in the subsequent machining.
In addition, the continuous process of cleaning, rinsing and drying can be performed quickly and efficiently, thereby improving the efficiency of the process and reducing the cost and productivity by effective automation.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a timing chart illustrating a configuration of an entire washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG.
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram illustrating a process of moving a washing liquid, a rinsing liquid, and a hot air of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
3 is a perspective view illustrating a process of loading an object into a washing unit according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view illustrating a process of moving an object to a rinsing unit in a cleaning unit according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG.
5 is a perspective view illustrating a process of moving an object from the first rinsing unit to the second rinsing unit according to an embodiment of the present invention.
6 is a perspective view illustrating a process of unloading an object from a drying unit according to an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a perspective view illustrating a spray nozzle of a second rinsing unit according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG.
8 is a front view of a recessed portion illustrating an injection nozzle of a second rinse portion according to another embodiment of the present invention.
9 is a perspective view illustrating a configuration of a transfer unit according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
It will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that various changes in form and detail may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.
In addition, the sizes and shapes of the components shown in the drawings may be exaggerated for clarity and convenience of explanation, and the terms defined specifically in consideration of the configuration and operation of the present invention may vary depending on the intention or custom of the user, operator And the definitions of these terms should be based on the contents throughout this specification.
First, the present invention relates to a cleaning device for cleaning a processed part (hereinafter referred to as an "object"), and the present invention is a cleaning device for cleaning and rinsing an object using ultrasonic waves as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, A first rinsing unit 200 for first rinsing the object 700 and a second rinsing unit 300 for rinsing the object 700 by spraying the rinsing liquid, A drying unit 400 for rapidly drying the object 700 having been rinsed and a drying unit 400 for drying the object 700 using the washing unit 100, the first rinsing unit 200, the second rinsing unit 200, The rinsing unit 300 and the drying unit 400 may be divided into a cleaning unit 100 and a first rinsing unit 200 and a transfer unit 500 installed in the rinsing unit 300 and the drying unit 400, Each configuration will be described in detail as follows.
The cleaning unit 100,
Chip and processing oil remaining in the process of processing the object 700. The composition is such that a certain amount of the washing liquid is stored and the temperature of the washing liquid is set to 50 ° C A washing liquid storage tank 110 of a heating type provided with an electric heater (not shown in the figure) so as to raise the temperature to -60 ° C,
The washing liquid stored in the washing liquid storage tank 110 is stored in the washing liquid storage tank 110 and stored in the washing liquid storage tank 110 in accordance with a change in the level of the washing liquid storage tank 110 A washing liquid auxiliary tank 130 for filtering the filtered water by a plurality of filters (not shown in the drawing) and then introducing the filtered water into the washing liquid storage tank 110,
An ultrasonic wave generator (100) is provided on one side of the washing liquid storage tank (110) so that the object (700) to be immersed in the washing liquid of the washing liquid storage tank (110) can be cleaned by ultrasonic waves, and includes an ultrasonic wave generating oscillator Means 800,
And an exhaust means 900 for collecting and removing water vapor generated in the washing liquid of the washing liquid storage tank 110.
Here, the washing solution stored in the washing solution storage tank 110 can be used with different components according to the object 700 to be washed. In the present invention, for example, a mixture of distilled water and a water-soluble alkali solution is used.
Also, the level of the washing liquid stored in the washing liquid storage tank 110 is changed when the washing liquid is overflowed from the washing liquid storage tank 110 or is changed into steam and is changed. Therefore, the level of the washing liquid is sensed in the washing liquid storage tank 110 (Not shown) such as a buoyant means and a sensor capable of storing a predetermined amount of the cleaning liquid in the cleaning liquid storage tank 110. [
The first rinsing section 200 is a so-
The cleaning unit 100 removes the cleaning liquid concentrated on the surface of the object 700. The structure of the cleaning unit 100 stores a predetermined amount of the rinsing liquid and controls the temperature of the rinsing liquid to increase the efficiency of the rinsing. A heating type rinse solution storage tank 210 provided with an electric heater (not shown in the figure) so as to raise the temperature to 50 to 60 ° C,
The rinsing liquid stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 is stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 and then stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 using the rinsing pump 220 A rinsing liquid auxiliary tank 230 for filtering the rinsing liquid which has been supplied into the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 by a plurality of filters (not shown in the figure)
An ultrasonic oscillation oscillator and a high frequency oscillator for oscillator driving are provided on one side of the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 so that the object 700 to be immersed in the rinsing liquid of the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 can be rinsed by ultrasonic waves An ultrasound generating means 800,
And exhaust means 900 for collecting and removing water vapor generated in the rinsing liquid of the rinsing liquid storage tank 210.
Here, the rinsing liquid stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 may be added with another chemical to enhance the rinsing effect, and the rinsing function may be performed using only the distilled water.
Also, the rinsing liquid stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 may be changed by rinsing liquid overflowing from the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 or being changed into water vapor, so that the rinsing liquid may be rinsed (Not shown) such as a buoyant means capable of sensing the level of the liquid and a sensor, so that a certain amount of rinsing liquid can always be stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 Do.
Meanwhile, the oil component remaining in the object 700 is separated from the object 700 in the process of washing and rinsing the object 700 through the washing unit 100 and the first rinsing unit 200, If the separated oil component remains in the washing liquid of the washing liquid storage tank 110 or the rinsing liquid storage tank 210, the efficiency of washing and rinsing of the object 700 may be lowered. Therefore, It is preferable that a separator (not shown in the figure) is installed in the washing liquid storage tank 110 and the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 so that the oil component separated from the object 700 can be removed from the washing liquid or the rinsing liquid.
In addition, the oil separator is not limited to any one type, but may be a natural method of removing water by using a buoyancy due to a difference in specific gravity between a washing liquid or a rinsing liquid and an oil component, or a method of adding a chemical to a washing liquid or a rinsing liquid, And an artificial method of removing the sludge, which is a medicine adsorbed on the oil component after the adsorbed oil component is adsorbed, can be optionally used.
The oil water separator may be provided in the washing liquid storage tank 110 or the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 but may be provided in the washing liquid storing tank 110 or the rinsing liquid storing tank 210 to receive the washing liquid and the rinsing liquid And may be installed in the washing liquid auxiliary tank 130 and the rinse liquid auxiliary tank 230.
In the washing liquid storage tank 110 and the rinsing liquid storage tank 210, water vapor is generated in the washing liquid and the rinsing liquid by using the heating method. In order to collect the water vapor and discharge it to the outside, And a rinsing liquid storage tank 210. The structure of the exhaust means 900 is such that a first exhaust hood 910 is installed at a vertically upper portion of the rinsing liquid storage tank 110, A second exhaust hood 920 is installed at a vertically upper portion of the rinsing liquid storage tank 210. First and second variable ducts 911 and 921 are installed at the upper portion of the first and second exhaust hoods 910 and 920, A connecting duct 930 to which the first and second variable ducts 911 and 921 are connected is installed on the upper portion of the first and second variable ducts 911 and 921, (930) is provided with a purifier 940 for purifying polluted water vapor discharged through the connection duct 930 The.
The water vapor generated in the washing liquid storage tank 110 and the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 is connected to the first and second exhaust hoods 910 and 920 through the first and second variable ducts 911 and 921, Is moved along the duct (930), purified by a purifier (940) provided in the connecting duct (930), and then discharged to the atmosphere.
The exhaust unit 900 is installed in the washing liquid storage tank 110 and the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 in order to effectively collect the steam generated in the washing liquid and the rinsing liquid by the first and second exhaust hoods 910 and 920, When the first and second exhaust hoods 910 and 920 are fixed close to the upper portions of the washing liquid storage tank 110 and the rinsing liquid storage tank 210, This can lead to inconvenience in the collection and confirmation of the replacement of the liquid, the cleaning liquid, or the object 700 that is immersed in the rinsing liquid as needed.
Accordingly, in the present invention, the first and second exhaust hoods 910 and 920 can be lifted up and down as needed. For this purpose, the first and second variable-length ducts 911 and 921 are operated and operated The gear motor 950 is connected to the gear motor 950 at one end and connected to the first and second exhaust hoods 910 and 920 at the other end thereof When the cleaning device is operated, the gear motor 950, which senses the operation of the cleaning device, rotates forward to extend the wire, thereby increasing the length of the first and second variable ducts 911 and 921 The first and second exhaust hoods 910 and 920 may be located close to the vertical upper portions of the washing liquid storage tank 110 and the rinsing liquid storage tank 210. [
When the operation of the cleaning device is stopped, the gear motor 950, which senses the stop of the cleaning device, is reversely rotated to pull the wire, thereby reducing the length of the first and second variable length ducts 911 and 921 The first and second exhaust hoods 910 and 920 are moved upward to be separated from the washing liquid storage tank 110 and the rinsing liquid storage tank 210.
In this embodiment, the gear motor 950 and the wire are illustrated as means for varying the lengths of the first and second variable ducts 911 and 921. However, in place of the gear motor 950 and the wire, A rack and a pinion gear may be used, a pulley and a belt may be used, or various other methods may be carried out depending on the design conditions and the installation environment.
The second rinsing unit 300 is a so-
The object 700 is washed and rinsed through the washing unit 100 and the first rinsing unit 200 in a second rinsing process. A drain tank 320 for receiving and discharging the rinsing liquid sprayed from the spraying nozzle 310 at a lower portion spaced apart from the spraying nozzle 310, A drain auxiliary tank 340 connected to a lower portion of the drain tank 320 to store the rinsing solution drained from the drain tank 320 and supply the rinsing solution to the injection nozzle 310 through the drain pump 330 .
The second rinsing unit 300 is preferably configured to be positioned inside the opening / closing chamber 350 so that the rinsing liquid injected from the injection nozzle 310 is not scattered to the outside. It is also preferable that a see-through window (not shown in the figure) is provided which can confirm the spraying state of the rinsing liquid from the nozzle 310 as a pipe.
7, the object 700 is sprayed to the object 700 moved below the spray nozzle 310, and the object 700 is rinsed. At this time, the spray nozzle 310 is provided with a plurality of Each of the plurality of nozzles 310 constitutes one row and each row is formed of a plurality of rows at a predetermined interval. Preferably, the spraying direction of the spraying nozzles 310 installed in each row is vertical and oblique So that the efficiency of rinsing can be further increased.
That is, for example, one row is formed by inclined injection nozzles 312 that are inclined downward so that the rinsing liquid can be sprayed onto the entire surface of the approaching object 700, The spray nozzle 310 is composed of a vertical spray nozzle 311 vertically downwardly directed so as to spray the rinsing liquid onto the upper surface of the object 700. The next row is constituted by the object 700 passing through the spray nozzle 310, The inclined spray nozzle 312 is inclined downward so that the rinsing liquid can be sprayed on the rear surface of the object 700. The rinsing effect of the object 700 can further be improved.
When the injection nozzle 310 is composed of the inclined injection nozzle 312 and the vertical injection nozzle 311 as shown in FIG. 8, the number and arrangement order of the inclined injection nozzle 312 and the vertical injection nozzle 311 And the gap may be variously changed in order to effectively rinse the object 700 without having to be determined by any one of them.
In addition, the injection nozzle 310 may inject the rinsing liquid as described above, but the high-pressure air generating means (not shown in the figure) is added so as to inject the high-pressure air, The spray nozzle 310 may be configured to mix the rinse liquid sprayed with the high pressure air sprayed.
The drying unit (400)
(Not shown in the drawing) of the object to be cleaned and rinsed through a washing process and a first and second rinsing process. A drying chamber 410 having an inlet 411 and an outlet 412 through which the object 700 can be charged and discharged and a hot air which is high temperature air is supplied into the drying chamber 410, And a blowing means 420 for recovering the air having lowered temperature and reheating the air, and then supplying the air to the drying chamber 410 again.
The air blowing means 420 includes a heater 421 provided with an electric heater 421a for warming the air to be introduced therein and a heater 421 for sending the air recovered from the outside or the drying chamber 410 to the heater 421, And a blower 422 for allowing hot air to flow through the electric heater 421a of the drying chamber 421 and sending the hot air to the blowing port of the drying chamber 410.
Accordingly, the hot air heated while passing through the heater 421 is moved to the air outlet of the drying chamber 410 by the blower 422, and the object 700 can be dried in a short time by the hot air discharged from the air outlet, The air having a reduced temperature is recovered by the blower 422 and sent to the heater 421 again.
At this time, the blower 422 is configured to allow air to flow in from the outside because the amount of air to be recovered in the drying chamber 410 may be insufficient, and the air introduced from outside may be introduced into the cleaned state through the filter 423 It is.
In addition, the blower 422 uses a ring blower capable of performing strong suction and discharge. In this case, the blower 422 is replaced with various types of blowers depending on the size of the equipment, design conditions, and environment, It can be done.
The moving means (500)
An object 700 requiring cleaning and rinsing and drying over a second time can be moved in the washing unit 100, the first rinsing unit 200, the second rinsing unit 300 and the drying unit 400 The moving means 500 includes a conveyor having a conveying portion for allowing the object 700 to be seated on an upper surface thereof and a driving shaft 521 disposed on the same line as the conveyor 521, And a driving unit 520 connected to the plurality of driven shafts 522 so as to allow the conveyor to circulate along the driving shaft 521 and the driven shaft 522.
That is, the conveyor of the moving means 500,
A plurality of objects 700 to be cleaned are mounted and fixed on the upper surface of the first transfer unit 511a at regular intervals while being spaced apart from each other by the interval holding unit 540. The first transfer unit 511a is rotated by the driving unit 520 When the first transfer part 511a moves the upper part of the washing liquid storage tank 110, the first transfer part 511a moves the upper part of the washing liquid storage tank 110, A first conveyor 510a configured to be moved in a state of being immersed in the cleaning liquid of the storage tank 110,
The plurality of objects 700 washed are fixed on the upper surface of the second transfer unit 511b while being equally spaced therebetween and the second transfer unit 511b is moved by the driving unit 520 to the rinsing liquid of the first rinsing unit 200 When the second transfer part 511b moves over the upper part of the rinsing liquid storage tank 210, the second transfer part 511b is rotated in the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 A second conveyor 510b configured to be moved in a state of being immersed in the rinsing liquid of the first conveyor 510a,
A plurality of objects 700 that have undergone a primary rinsing process are seated and fixed on the upper surface of the third transfer unit 511c at equal intervals while the third transfer unit 511c is moved by the driving unit 520 to the second rinsing unit 300 The upper portion of the drain tank 320 and the drying chamber 410 of the drying unit 400 are repeatedly circulated so as to surround the lower portion of the drying chamber 410 and the lower portion of the drain tank 320. At this time, When the upper portion of the drain tank 320 is moved, the nozzle 310 is moved from the lower portion of the injection nozzle 310 while maintaining a predetermined gap with the spray nozzle 310. When the third transfer portion 511c passes into the drying chamber 410, And a third conveyor 510c configured to move through the inlet 411 and the outlet 412 of the first and second conveyors 410 and 410, respectively.
That is, the first conveyor 510a is circulatingly rotated only in the washing unit 100, and the second conveyor 510b is circulatively rotated only in the first rinse part 200, and the third conveyor 510c is rotated in the second rinse part 200, The rinsing unit 300 and the drying unit 400 are connected and rotated together.
Since the first conveyor 510a, the second conveyor 510b, and the third conveyor 510c are constructed without separating the conveyor into a single conveyor, the foreign matter can be prevented from moving along the conveyor by moving on the conveyor .
At this time, one of the first conveyor 510a facing the first rinsing part 200 and the second conveyor 510b facing the washing part 100 are installed as close as possible to each other so as not to be in contact with each other, One of the second conveyor 510b facing the part 300 and the third conveyor 510c facing the second rinse part 300 are installed as close as possible to each other within a range in which they are not in contact with each other.
Therefore, by providing the guide member 530 that connects the connection portions of the first conveyor 510a, the second conveyor 510b, and the third conveyor 510c, When the object 700 to be conveyed along the first conveying unit 511a of the second conveyor 510a is moved to the second conveying unit 511b of the second conveyor 510b or when the second conveying unit 511b of the second conveyor 510b moves, When the object 700 to be conveyed along the first conveyor 510c is moved to the third conveyor 511c of the third conveyor 510c, the object 700 is inverted or overlapped with the aid of the guide member 530, .
When the object 700 is loaded on the first conveying unit 511a of the first conveyor 510a or the object 700 is unloaded from the third conveying unit 511c of the third conveyor 510c, It is also preferable to provide the guide member 530 so as to prevent the object 700 from being inverted or overlapped in the course of loading and unloading.
Preferably, the guide member 500 is adjustable in width in consideration of the size of the object 700 to be transferred.
3, the object 700 is conveyed to the first conveying unit 511a of the first conveyor 510a installed in the washing unit 100, The object 700 is moved along the first transfer unit 511a and is moved to the ultrasonic wave generating means 800 while being immersed in the washing liquid contained in the washing liquid storage tank 110 of the washing unit 100 for a predetermined period of time The first conveyance unit 511a is lifted from the cleaning liquid and then the guide 700 is lifted up from the cleaning conveyance unit 511a by the aid of the guide member 530 at the vertex so that the object 700 in the first conveyance unit 511a as shown in FIG. 510b to the second transfer unit 511b.
The object 700 to be moved along the second transfer part 511b of the second conveyor 510b is immersed in the rinsing liquid contained in the rinsing liquid storage tank 210 of the first rinsing part 200 for a predetermined time The second conveying unit 511b is lifted from the rinsing liquid and then the second conveying unit 511b as shown in FIG. 5, with the aid of the guide member 530 at the apex, The object 700 in the third conveyor 510c is transferred to the third conveying unit 511c of the third conveyor 510c.
The object 700 to be moved along the third conveyance unit 511c of the third conveyor 510c is rinsed secondarily by the rinsing liquid sprayed from the injection nozzle 310 of the second rinsing unit 300, 2 rinse unit 300. The rinse unit 400 is connected to an inlet 411 of a drying chamber 410 of the drying unit 400 and then is dried by hot air blown from a blowing port by a blowing unit 420, The dried object 700 is taken out to the outlet 412 of the drying chamber 410 by the third conveying unit 511c as shown in FIG. 6 and unloaded to the next process to complete the washing process.
On the other hand, the driving unit 520 of the conveying unit 500,
A sprocket 523 is provided at both ends of the drive shaft 521 and the driven shaft 522. The gap between the sprockets 523 may be an interval corresponding to the width of the object 700, It is preferable that the gap of the sprocket 523 is adjusted according to the size of the sprocket 523.
A chain 524 is connected to the pair of sprockets 523 provided on the drive shaft 521 and the driven shaft 522 so that the driving force of the drive shaft 521 is applied to the driven shaft 522 by the chain 524 .
9, the conveying portion of the conveying means 500 is provided with a chain 524 which keeps a constant gap in a state where the pair of sprockets 523 are opposed to each other and a plurality of wire members 512 The distance between the wire members 512 is set at a predetermined interval so that the object is not separated so that the contact area between the transfer part and the object 700 is minimized so that the object 700 placed on the transfer part is supplied with a cleaning solution, Uniform, and evenly and accurately transmitted.
Here, the transferring unit is not limited to the wire member 512 formed at regular intervals. The transferring unit may be formed of a metal plate made of porous aluminum, or the wire member 512 may be formed in a mesh shape. It is possible.
In addition, it is preferable to form the latching part 512a so as to prevent the object 700 from being moved and separated during the movement while being placed at a predetermined interval. For example, the transferring part may be formed as a wire member 512 The central portions of the plurality of objects 700 mounted on the transporting portion are caught by the catching portions 512a as the catching portions 512a protruding upward from the central portions of the respective wire members 512 are formed, (700) can be maintained at a predetermined interval, and it is possible to prevent the object (700) placed on the conveying section from slipping, rotating, or being separated from the upper surface of the conveying section.
In addition, although only one latching portion 512a formed on the wire member 512 of the transferring portion may be formed on the central portion, the position and the number of the latching portions 512a may be variously modified depending on the design conditions and the shape of the object. You can.
The washing unit 100 including the transfer unit 500 and the washing unit including the first rinsing unit 200, the second rinsing unit 300 and the drying unit 400 may be installed in the washing unit 100, The first rinsing unit 200, the second rinsing unit 300 and the drying unit 400 may be operated as one continuous process. However, depending on the contamination state or condition of the object 700, The continuous rinsing process including only the rinsing unit 100 including the first rinsing unit 200 and the drying unit 400 or the continuous process including only the rinsing unit 100 and the second rinsing unit 300 and the drying unit 400 And various modifications may be made.
A cleaning device including the cleaning unit 100 including the transfer unit 500, the first rinsing unit 200, the second rinsing unit 300 and the drying unit 400 is installed in the transfer frame 600 And a plurality of rolling means 610 such as wheels are installed on the bottom surface of the carrier frame 600 so that the cleaning device can be easily moved to a required place so that installation efficiency of the cleaning device can be improved And a fixing means 620 for uniformly floating the rolling means 610 from the ground so as to prevent the cleaning device from flowing by the rolling means 600 after the installation, Thereby enhancing installation safety.
While the invention has been shown and described with reference to certain preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Therefore, the scope of the present invention should not be limited by the described embodiments, but should be defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.
100: washing section 110: washing liquid storage tank
120: Cleaning pump 130: Cleaning liquid auxiliary tank
200: first rinsing unit 210: rinsing liquid storage tank
220: rinse pump 230: rinse liquid auxiliary tank
300: second rinsing part 310: jet nozzle
311: Vertical injection nozzle 312; Inclined injection nozzle
320: drain tank 330: drain pump
340: drain auxiliary tank 350:
400: drying section 410: drying chamber
411: entrance 412: exit
420: blowing means 421: heater
421a: electric heater 422: blower
500: conveying means 510a, 510b, 510c: first, second and third conveyors
511a, 511b, and 511c: first, second, and third transfer units 512:
512a: latching part 520:
521: drive shaft 522:
523: sprocket 524: chain
530: guide member 540: interval maintaining means
600: carrying frame 610: rolling means
620: fixing means 700: object
800: ultrasonic wave generating means 900: exhausting means
910, 920: First and second exhaust hoods 911, 921: Section 1.2 Length variable duct
930: connecting duct 940: purifier
950: Gear motor

Claims (13)

  1. A cleaning unit of a warming type equipped with ultrasonic wave generating means and storing a cleaning liquid for cleaning an object;
    A first rinsing unit of a warming type having an ultrasonic wave generator and storing a rinsing liquid for first rinsing the object to be cleaned;
    A second rinse unit for rinsing the first object to be rinsed secondarily through injection of the rinsing liquid;
    A drying unit for drying the washed and rinsed object; And
    And a driving unit that connects the conveyor to a drive shaft and a driven shaft that are disposed on the same line so that the conveyor can be circulated and rotated along the drive shaft and the driven shaft, Means,
    The second rinsing unit
    A plurality of vertical spray nozzles for spraying the rinse liquid in the downward direction and spraying the rinse water vertically downward to the object to be rinsed and a plurality of slant spray nozzles for spraying the rinse water in the downward inclined direction, A plurality of spray nozzles arranged alternately and repeatedly with the spray nozzles and the inclined spray nozzles;
    A drain tank positioned below the spray nozzle to receive and drain the rinsing liquid sprayed from the spray nozzle; And
    And a drain auxiliary tank connected to a lower portion of the drain tank to supply the rinse liquid drained from the drain tank to the injection nozzle through a drain pump.
  2. The method according to claim 1,
    The cleaning unit includes:
    A washing liquid storage tank in which the washing liquid is stored;
    The washing liquid stored in the washing liquid storage tank is filtered through a plurality of filters in accordance with the change in the washing liquid level of the washing liquid storage tank after storing the washing liquid connected to the lower portion of the washing liquid storage tank, A washing liquid auxiliary tank for introducing the washing liquid into the washing tank; And
    An exhaust means provided at an upper portion of the washing liquid tank to collect and remove water vapor generated from the washing liquid;
    Wherein the foreign matter cleaning device comprises:
  3. The method according to claim 1,
    The first rinsing unit,
    A rinsing liquid storage tank in which a rinsing liquid is stored;
    The rinsing liquid stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank is stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank. The rinsing liquid stored in the rinsing liquid storage tank is filtered by a plurality of filters in accordance with the change in the rinsing liquid level of the rinsing liquid storage tank A rinsing liquid auxiliary tank for allowing the rinsing liquid to flow into the rinsing liquid storage tank; And
    An exhaust means provided on the rinsing liquid tank for collecting and removing water vapor generated from the rinsing liquid;
    Wherein the foreign matter cleaning device comprises:
  4. delete
  5. The method according to claim 1,
    The drying unit includes:
    A drying chamber having a plurality of blowing openings therein and having inlet and outlet openings on opposite sides thereof;
    A blowing means located outside the drying chamber for supplying hot air into the drying chamber through the blowing port, recovering the supplied hot air, reheating the supplied hot air, and circulating the hot air through the blowing port;
    Wherein the foreign matter cleaning device comprises:
  6. The method according to claim 1,
    The conveyor of the conveying means,
    A plurality of objects to be cleaned are fixed on the upper surface of the first transfer unit at regular intervals, and the first transfer unit is repeatedly circulated and rotated along the upper and lower portions of the washing liquid storage tank of the washing unit by the driving unit, A first conveyor in which the conveying portion is moved in a state of being immersed in the cleaning liquid of the cleaning liquid storage tank;
    A plurality of objects having been cleaned are fixed on the upper surface of the second transfer unit at regular intervals and the second transfer unit is repeatedly circulated and rotated along the upper and lower portions of the rinsing liquid storage tank of the first rinsing unit by the driving unit, The second conveying portion is moved in a state of being immersed in the rinsing liquid of the rinsing liquid storage tank;
    A plurality of rinsed objects are fixed on the upper surface of the third transfer unit at regular intervals and the third transfer unit is repeatedly moved by the driving unit along the drain tank of the second rinsing unit and the drying chamber of the drying unit, A third conveyor rotated in rotation; And
    A guide member provided at an apex of a connection portion between the first conveyor, the second conveyor, and the third conveyor provided adjacent to each other to assist the movement of the object from the first conveyance portion to the second conveyance portion or from the second conveyance portion to the third conveyance portion; ;
    Wherein the foreign matter cleaning device comprises:
  7. The method according to claim 2 or 3,
    The exhaust means,
    First and second exhaust hoods located at the top of the rinsing liquid storage tank and the rinsing liquid storage tank;
    A first and a second variable duct connected to the upper portions of the first and second exhaust hoods;
    A connecting duct connected to an upper end of the first and second variable length ducts; And
    A purifier installed at one end of the connecting duct;
    Wherein the foreign matter cleaning device comprises:
  8. 8. The method of claim 7,
    The first and second length-variable ducts of the exhaust means are arranged in the longitudinal direction,
    A gear motor connected to the gear motor at one end thereof and a wire connected to the first and second exhaust hoods at the other end of the gear motor, Wherein the length of the length-variable duct is extended and the length of the first and second length-variable ducts is reduced when the cleaning device is stopped.
  9. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the rinse solution storage tank of the washing section or the rinse solution storage tank of the first rinse section is provided with an oil water separator.
  10. delete
  11. 6. The method of claim 5,
    The blowing means of the drying unit
    And a blower for blowing the air recovered from the outside or the drying chamber to the heater and making hot air through the electric heater of the heater and sending the hot air to the drying chamber Wherein the foreign matter cleaning device comprises:
  12. The method according to claim 1,
    Wherein the driving unit of the conveying unit is provided with a pair of sprockets at both ends of the driving shaft and the driven shaft having a width corresponding to the width of the object,
    The conveying unit constituted by the conveying unit of the conveying means is constituted by a plurality of wire members for interconnecting the chains which are opposed to each other in the transverse direction, each of the wire members being kept at a constant distance from each other, Wherein the latching portion is formed so that a part of the object placed on the transferring portion can be caught and fixed.
  13. The method according to claim 1,
    The washing unit, the rinsing unit, the second rinsing unit, and the drying unit are continuously operated so that the object can be cleaned, rinsed and dried in one process, and the washing unit including the transfer unit Wherein the first rinsing section, the second rinsing section, and the drying section are provided on the carrying frame provided with the rolling means and the fixing means on the bottom surface so as to be movable.



KR1020120145249A 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Cleaning device for foreign matter of machining parts KR101443858B1 (en)

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KR101636426B1 (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-07-05 변재형 The camera module cleaning device
KR20160081284A (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-07-08 대덕에이치티에스 주식회사 Oil cooler parts self-cleaning flux applicator
KR20160121136A (en) 2015-04-10 2016-10-19 한국항공우주산업 주식회사 Apparatus for cleaning automatic
KR102101443B1 (en) * 2019-01-23 2020-04-16 최윤종 Method for brazing welding using a vacuum and metal product produced by the same

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CN104550112A (en) * 2014-12-24 2015-04-29 安徽白兔湖动力股份有限公司 Suspending chain type ultrasonic automatic cleaning machine suitable for cleaning of cylinder sleeve
CN105107788B (en) * 2015-08-14 2017-07-18 广州飞机维修工程有限公司 A kind of aircraft oxygen system attachment ultrasonic wave steam bath cleaning machine

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KR100721974B1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-05-25 주식회사 드림텍 Washing method of metal components
KR100737952B1 (en) * 2006-06-09 2007-07-13 한국생산기술연구원 Method and apparatus for washing and rustproofing automatically accessories

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JPH0596254A (en) * 1990-05-07 1993-04-20 Haneda Seisakusho:Kk Ultrasonic washing apparatus and washing tank used therein
KR200146234Y1 (en) * 1997-02-01 1999-06-15 김윤수 Ultrasonic cleaner
KR100721974B1 (en) * 2006-04-28 2007-05-25 주식회사 드림텍 Washing method of metal components
KR100737952B1 (en) * 2006-06-09 2007-07-13 한국생산기술연구원 Method and apparatus for washing and rustproofing automatically accessories

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KR20160081284A (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-07-08 대덕에이치티에스 주식회사 Oil cooler parts self-cleaning flux applicator
KR101645323B1 (en) * 2014-12-31 2016-08-03 대덕에이치티에스 주식회사 Oil cooler parts self-cleaning flux applicator
KR20160121136A (en) 2015-04-10 2016-10-19 한국항공우주산업 주식회사 Apparatus for cleaning automatic
KR101636426B1 (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-07-05 변재형 The camera module cleaning device
KR102101443B1 (en) * 2019-01-23 2020-04-16 최윤종 Method for brazing welding using a vacuum and metal product produced by the same

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