KR100576053B1 - Soil nailing by extended packer grouting and construction method - Google Patents

Soil nailing by extended packer grouting and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
KR100576053B1
KR100576053B1 KR1020030066238A KR20030066238A KR100576053B1 KR 100576053 B1 KR100576053 B1 KR 100576053B1 KR 1020030066238 A KR1020030066238 A KR 1020030066238A KR 20030066238 A KR20030066238 A KR 20030066238A KR 100576053 B1 KR100576053 B1 KR 100576053B1
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KR
South Korea
Prior art keywords
packer
grouting
nail
packing
injection tube
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KR1020030066238A
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Korean (ko)
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KR20050029951A (en
Inventor
강문기
김윤기
임유진
홍원표
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한주이엔씨 주식회사
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Priority to KR1020030066238A priority Critical patent/KR100576053B1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads
    • E02D5/80Ground anchors
    • E02D5/808Ground anchors anchored by using exclusively a bonding material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D5/00Bulkheads, piles, or other structural elements specially adapted to foundation engineering
    • E02D5/74Means for anchoring structural elements or bulkheads
    • E02D5/80Ground anchors
    • E02D5/805Ground anchors with deformable anchoring members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D2600/00Miscellaneous
    • E02D2600/30Miscellaneous comprising anchoring details

Abstract

The present invention relates to a packer-type saw nail body and a construction method, and more specifically, a packer body capable of resisting soil to nails used in earth walls and slope stabilization methods may be integrally formed. It is installed inside the drilling hole, and low pressure grouting is primarily performed on the outer surface of the packer body and the inner surface of the hole, and secondly, pressure grouting is performed on the inner surface of the packer body, thereby securing superior circumferential friction force than the conventional saw nailing method. By installing the nails by widening the construction intervals, it is possible to have excellent construction properties as well as economic feasibility. The construction properties can be secured even in loose sandy soils and saturated viscous soils, which are difficult to apply the conventional saw nailing method, and are sufficiently applied even under the groundwater level. It can work.
Soil Nailing, Packers, Nails, Packing Elements, Pressure.

Description

Soil nailing by extended packer grouting and construction method}

1 is a conceptual diagram of a saw nail structure using a conventional pressureless (gravity) grouting

2 is a conceptual diagram of a soil nail structure using a conventional pressure grouting

Figure 3 is a perspective view and enlarged cross-sectional view of the packer saw nail body according to the present invention.

Figure 4 is an enlarged view of the main part of the packer-type saw nail body in accordance with the present invention

5 is an installation state of the grouting injection tube according to the present invention

Figure 6 is a perspective view of the packing member applied to the present invention

7a, 7b is a flow chart showing a construction method according to the invention

<Description of Symbols for Main Parts of Drawings>

100: pressure plate 200: spacer

300: Nail 400: Packer

N: Packer Soil Nail Body 10: Nail

20,22,24,26,28: first to fifth packing members

21: through hole 25: wedge

30,32,34,36: first to fourth grouting injection tubes

38: outer grouting injection tube 40: packer

41 to 44: First to fourth packer body 50: Fastening iron ring

The present invention relates to a packer-type saw nail body and a construction method, and more specifically, a packer body capable of resisting soil to nails used in earth walls and slope stabilization methods may be integrally formed. Packer type which installs this inside the hole and performs low pressure grouting on the outer surface of the packer body and the inside of the hole in the primary, and secondly performs pressure grouting on the inner surface of the packer body to induce a predetermined friction resistance. It relates to a Soil Nail (Packer Type Soil Nailing) and construction method.

Slopes installed along with land construction, roads, railways, etc., are prone to natural disasters due to their extended and large areas, which can lead to the loss of valuable lives and the loss of houses. many. A slope stabilization method is required for this.

Soil Nailing, the most widely used slope slope method, is an in-situ reinforcement method derived from the New Austrian Tunneling Method (NATM) that excavates tunnels using shotcrete and rock bolts. of Soil). Soil nailing is a method to improve the stability of artificial slopes by natural slopes or excavation, and is a re-bar that can resist tensile stress, shear stress, and bending moment. By inserting, the overall shear resistance and activity resistance of the ground is increased to secure the slope and to suppress the displacement of the ground.

Conventional representative soil nailing method is a pressureless (gravity) and pressurized, Figure 1 is a conceptual diagram of a pressureless nail nailing method, the pressureless nailing method is a steel bar (steel pipe and deformed reinforcement) in the form of soil Inserting a nail, forming a grouting body (usually cement milk) to fix the perforation hole and the nail and integrating the reinforced soil by shotcrete on the front and distinguishing it from the back ground that is not reinforced It is a method to form a conventional retaining wall by applying.

The general construction procedure of the above method consists of reinforcing processes such as ground drilling, nail insertion, grouting by cement milk, and shotcrete on the front, and the drilling holes are constructed with horizontal and downward inclinations of 10 to 20 degrees. At this time, the cement milk should be poured into the bottom of the drilled hole several times (2 to 5) after the nail is inserted.

However, the non-pressure type has a problem of long construction time due to the long solidification time and the construction performance is reduced because the grouting operation is repeated 2 to 5 times to compensate for the shrinkage phenomenon.

2 is a conceptual view of the pressured soil nailing method, the pressured soil nailing method is mainly to improve the frictional resistance of the main surface of the surrounding ground grouting body by pressure grouting and the bending rigidity through the pipe-shaped construction of the nail body. The pressure-soil nailing method is to install the packing member by urethane and cement milk injection for the purpose of applying pressure grouting to the inlet of the hole, and then to the predetermined pressure (6 ~ 15㎏ / ㎠) in the hole. Is characterized by the grouting process.

The pressurized soil nailing method should pay attention to the application of the injection pressure according to the soil characteristics, and the injection pressure exceeding the limit injection pressure may disturb the ground.

The present invention is to overcome the above-described conventional problems, the object of the present invention is to secure the excellent main surface friction force than the conventional saw nailing method, by having a wide space-time spacing to install the nail can have excellent economic performance and excellent workability In addition, the present invention provides a packer-type Soil nail body and a construction method that can secure the workability even in loose sandy ground and saturated viscous soil which are difficult to apply the conventional soil nailing method and can be sufficiently applied even below the groundwater level.

It is also an object of the present invention to provide a packer body on the outer circumferential surface of the nail, to suppress the relaxation between the packer body and the ground of the drilled hole, and to exhibit the frictional resistance of the main surface of the grouted packer body, and to provide a low pressure between the packer body and the drilled hole. After the first grouting, secondly packer pressure grouting through the grouting injection tube on the inner surface of the packer body to realize sufficient surface friction force by the interaction between the ground and the nail body, and economical and various construction methods. It is to provide a packer-type soil nail body and construction method that can improve form applicability and secure quality.

Packer Soil nail body of the present invention for achieving the above object, in the nail nail structure for earth wall and slope stability, nail having a certain length; First to fifth packing member is formed in the center of the nail through which the nail is fitted is fitted at regular intervals in the longitudinal direction of the nail; A packer installed while covering the outer circumferential surfaces of the first to fifth packing members coupled to the nail to seal the space between the first to fifth packing members to form the first to fourth packer bodies; An outer grouting injection tube installed to be fitted with the first to fourth packing members to the outside of the packer to inject a grouting liquid for performing low pressure external grouting; And a first grouting injection tube installed to penetrate the first packing member and for injecting grouting liquid into the first packer body. A second grouting injection tube installed to penetrate the first and second packing members and for injecting grouting liquid into the second packer body; A third grouting injection tube installed to penetrate the first to third packing members and for injecting grouting liquid into the third packer body; It is installed to penetrate through the first to fourth packing member, the fourth grouting injection tube for injecting grouting liquid into the fourth packer body; consisting of the injecting grouting solution for each packer body It is characterized by the configuration.

Here, the packing member is preferably one side from the center to the outer peripheral surface is formed as a cut portion.

In addition, the jaw is provided on the outer side of the packer and the outer grouting injection tube along the outer circumferential surface of the first to fifth packing member in order to closely couple the first to the fifth packing member and the packer and the outer grouting injection tube. It is characterized in that the appointment iron ring is further provided.

Packer Soil Nailing method according to the present invention, in the Soil Nailing method for earth wall and slope stabilization, forming a perforated hole in the ground of the appropriate position; Inserting a packer-soil nailing structure having at least one packer body in the drilling hole; Performing a low pressure grouting on a space portion of an inner surface of the drilling hole and an outer surface of the packer-soil nailing structure; Performing low pressure grouting on the packer body located at the tip of the packer-soil nailing structure; And performing pressure grouting on the packer bodies provided at the rear ends of the low pressure grouted packer bodies.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Figure 3 is a perspective view and enlarged sectional view of the packer-type nail nail according to the invention, Figure 4 is an enlarged view of the main portion of the packer-type nail nail according to the invention, Figure 5 is an installation state of the grouting injection tube according to the present invention 6 is a perspective view of a packing member applied to the present invention, and FIGS. 7A and 7B are flowcharts illustrating a construction method according to the present invention.

As shown in the drawings, the packer-type saw nail body N according to the present invention is a nail 10 and the first to fifth packing members 20, 22, which are coupled to the outer peripheral surface of the nail 10, 24, 26, 28, and the nail 10 and the first to fifth packing members 20, 22, 24, 26, and 28 to wrap the first to fourth packer bodies 41, 42, 43, and 44. A packer 40 constituting the grout, and a grouting injection tube 30, 32, 34, 36, 38 for injecting grouting into the inner and outer surfaces of the first to fourth packer bodies 41, 42, 43 and 44, respectively. It is composed of

The nail 10 may have a certain length and use a deformed steel bar or a steel bar. The first to fifth packing members 20, 22, 24, 26 and 28 are coupled to the outer circumferential surface of the nail 10 at regular intervals 2 to 4 m in the longitudinal direction.

The packing member (20, 22, 24, 26, 28) is formed in the center through-hole 21 is inserted into the nail 10, the grouting injection pipe 30 to the periphery of the center through-hole 21 , 32, 34, 36, 38 is formed through the through-hole 23 is formed, the through-hole 23 is preferably formed to be open to the outside as shown in Figure 6, It is preferable that the packing member has one side formed as a cut portion from the center to the outer circumferential surface.

delete

It is installed while covering the outer circumferential surface of the first to fifth packing members 20, 22, 24, 26, and 28 coupled to the nail 10, and the first to fifth packing members 20, 22, 24, and 26. And the packer 40 formed of a cloth constituting the first to fourth packer bodies 41, 42, 43, and 44 by sealing the space between them.

delete

First to fourth grouting injection tubes 30, 32, 34, and 36 for injecting grouting liquid into the first to fourth packer bodies 41, 42, 43, and 44 are respectively installed as shown in FIG. 5. do.

Specifically, the first grouting injection tube 30 is installed to penetrate the first packing member 20, and the second grouting injection tube 32 penetrates the first and second packing members 20 and 22. The third grouting injection tube 34 is installed to penetrate the first to third packing members 20, 22, and 24, and the fourth grouting injection tube 36 is the first to fourth packing member ( 20, 22, 24, and 26 are installed to penetrate the grouting liquid into each packer body.

In other words, the length of each grouting injection tube is from the first grouting injection tube 30 to the inside of the first packer body 41 and from the second grouting injection tube 32 to the inside of the second packer body 42. The third grouting injection tube 34 is configured to the inside of the third packer body 43, and the fourth grouting injection tube 36 is configured to the inside of the fourth packer body 44. In this case, the nail 10 and the first to fourth grouting injection pipes 30, 32, 34, and 36 may be fixed with a fastening iron ring or a fastening plastic ring as necessary.

In addition, the outer side of the packer 40 is installed to be fitted with the first to fourth packing members 20, 22, 24, 26, the space of the inner surface of the drilling hole 60 and the outer surface of the packer-type saw nail body (N) An external grouting injection tube 38 for injecting grouting liquid that performs low pressure grouting is provided in the portion.

As shown in FIG. 3, the through holes 23 through which the grouting injection pipes 30, 32, 34, 36, 38 are not penetrated are the same as the length of the packing member and are formed with an outer diameter equal to the inner diameter of the through holes. (25) is inserted so that air and grouting liquid do not flow between the packer bodies 41, 42, 43, 44.

In order to closely bond the first to fifth packing members 20, 22, 24, 26, 28 configured as described above, the packer 40, and the grouting injection tube 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, A tightening iron ring 50 is installed outside the packer 40 or the outer grouting injection tube 38 along the outer circumferential surfaces of the first to fifth packing members 20, 22, 24, 26, and 28.

The tightening iron ring 50 tightly couples the first to fifth packing members 20, 22, 24, 26, and 28 and the packer 40, so that the grouting liquid is injected into the first to fourth packer bodies. It keeps firm even if volume expansion occurs.

In addition, the packer and the nails are tied to a certain interval (typically 50 cm) with a fastening strap (not shown) so that they can be easily installed in the drilling hole, and the fastening strap plays a role by breaking in the packer body pressure grouting.

The packer body of the packer-type saw nail body (N) of the present invention can be reduced or more configured according to the length of the perforation hole 60, and if necessary, the packer bodies 41, 42 and 43 can be omitted. .

Such a nail nailing construction method using the packer-type saw nail body (N) of the present invention will be described.

First, excavating the ground of the proper position, and then the step (S1) for drilling the perforation hole 60 on the appropriate wall surface to install the packer-type Soil Nail (N). In this case, the drilling may be performed using the casing 62 depending on the ground.

Next, a step of inserting and installing the packer-type saw nail body N into the punched hole 60 as described above (S2).

Subsequently, low pressure grouting (usually about 3 kg / cm 2) is performed in the space portion of the inner surface of the drilling hole and the outer surface of the packer-soil nail body N (S3). At this time, the casing 62 is drawn out.

In this step, the grouting liquid is injected through the external grouting injection pipe 38 attached to the packer-type Soil Nail N, and performs low pressure grouting. Low pressure grouting prevents the collapse of the hollow wall of loose sand or viscous soil and the hole below groundwater level. Is formed.

Next, pressure grouting is performed on the packer body 41 located at the tip of the packer-type Soil Nailing Structure N (S4). The grouting liquid is injected through the first grouting injection tube 30 into the inner surface of the first packer body 41 located at the inlet of the drilling hole 60. At this time, low pressure grouting is performed at a pressure of 2 to 6㎏ / ㎠.

Finally, pressure grouting is performed on the packer bodies 42, 43, and 44 provided at the rear end of the low pressure grouted packer body 41, respectively (S5).

In the pressure grouting step S5, after the grouting liquid is filled into the first packer body 41, the grouting injection tubes 32, 34, and 36 attached to the inner surfaces of the packer bodies 42, 43, and 44 at the rear end are respectively filled. Perform internal pressure grouting step by step. The internal pressure grouting is constructed from the fourth packer body 44 located at the bottom end of the punching hole, that is, the rear end of the packer-soil nail body N, to the third packer body 43 and the second packer body 42. As a general rule, acupressure nails acting as anchorage points for acupressure anchors by giving pressures of various high pressures (typically 10 to 20 kg / cm 2) in the packer bodies 42, 43, and 44 at the bottom of the drilling hole 60. Has the function of In addition, the grouting injection pipe can be installed as a steel pipe to act as a reinforcing nail.

When the grouting is completed in this way, when the reinforcing process (S6) such as shotcrete (Shotcrete) treatment on the front surface, the soil nailing construction method using the packer-soil nail of the present invention is completed.

The packer-type saw nail nailing method prevents the phenomenon that the ground is disturbed and the shear strength is lowered when the pressurized grouting pressure of the pressurized nailing method exceeds the limit injection pressure of the ground. It is possible to stably apply the nailing method to clay and loose sandy soils where gravity retaining wall is difficult to form. The selective application of the injection pressure enables the improvement of workability, stability and economy, as well as the application of saw nailing on various grounds.

As described above, the packer type Soil nail body and construction method according to the present invention can have excellent construction properties with economical efficiency by installing the nail by widening the space-time spacing through the secure securing of the principal surface friction force superior to the conventional Soil nailing method In addition, it is possible to secure workability in loose sandy soils and saturated viscous soils, which are difficult to apply the conventional soil nailing method, and can be sufficiently applied even below the groundwater level.

In addition, the packer-type saw nail body and the construction method according to the present invention is to provide a packer body on the outer peripheral surface of the nail, to suppress the relaxation between the packer body and the ground of the drilling hole and to exhibit the main surface friction resistance of the grouted packer body Low pressure grouting is performed between the packer body and the punching hole firstly, and then stepwise pressure grouting is performed through the grouting injection tube on the inner surface of the packer body to fully realize the main surface friction force due to the interaction between the ground and the nail. There is an effect to improve the economics of the method, the applicability of various forms of the field and to secure stable quality.

What has been described above is just one embodiment for carrying out the packer-type nail nail body and construction method according to the present invention, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, as claimed in the following claims Without departing from the gist of the present invention, anyone of ordinary skill in the art will have the technical spirit of the present invention to the extent that various modifications can be made.

Claims (4)

  1. In the saw nailing structure for earth wall and slope stability,
    A nail having a certain length;
    First to fifth packing member is formed in the center of the nail through which the nail is fitted is fitted at regular intervals in the longitudinal direction of the nail;
    A packer installed while covering the outer circumferential surfaces of the first to fifth packing members coupled to the nail to seal the space between the first to fifth packing members to form the first to fourth packer bodies;
    An outer grouting injection tube installed to be fitted with the first to fourth packing members to the outside of the packer to inject a grouting liquid for performing low pressure external grouting; And
    A first grouting injection tube installed to penetrate the first packing member and for injecting grouting liquid into the first packer body;
    A second grouting injection tube installed to penetrate the first and second packing members and for injecting grouting liquid into the second packer body;
    A third grouting injection tube installed to penetrate the first to third packing members and for injecting grouting liquid into the third packer body;
    A fourth grouting injection tube installed to penetrate the first to fourth packing members and injecting the grouting liquid into the fourth packer body, wherein the grouting liquid can be injected for each packer body; Packer-type Soy Nail Body.
  2. The method of claim 1,
    The packing member is a packer saw nail body, characterized in that one side from the center to the outer peripheral surface is formed as a cut.
  3. The method of claim 1,
    For fastening to be installed on the outer side of the packer cloth and the outer grouting injection tube along the outer circumferential surface of the first to fifth packing member in order to closely couple the first to the fifth packing member and the packer and the outer grouting injection tube. Packer-type saw nail body characterized in that the iron ring is further provided.
  4. A soil nailing method for earth wall and slope stabilization, the method comprising: forming a perforation hole in the ground at an appropriate position;
    Inserting a packer-type saw nail body having at least one packer body in the drilling hole;
    Performing a low pressure grouting on a space portion of an inner surface of the drilling hole and an outer surface of the packer-soil nail body;
    Performing pressure grouting on the packer body at the tip of the packer-soil nailing structure;
    A packer-type sawing nailing construction method comprising the steps of performing pressure grouting on each packer body provided at the rear end of the low pressure grouted packer body.
KR1020030066238A 2003-09-24 2003-09-24 Soil nailing by extended packer grouting and construction method KR100576053B1 (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100992999B1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2010-11-09 김성례 Slope-reinforcement anchor for inducing soil nailing reinforcement effect and methode there of
KR101017708B1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2011-02-25 강성호 Wedge-shape nailing building method using simultaneous multi-level grouting
KR101022009B1 (en) 2009-02-18 2011-03-16 (주)하이빅스이앤지 Construction method for Retaining wall by soil-nailing method and Retaining block thereof
KR101303393B1 (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-09-05 주식회사 디에스글로벌이엔씨 Tie cable fixing apparatus
WO2016208990A1 (en) * 2015-06-25 2016-12-29 (주)현이앤씨 Anchor having fixing device at side of pressure plate to depress land slope and method of installing same

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100623242B1 (en) * 2004-01-15 2006-09-18 최의섭 The grouting construction method of having used grouting structure using textile bag and grouting pipe and this
KR100710867B1 (en) * 2005-01-14 2007-04-25 최영근 Method of upward type base reinforced a substitute for horizontal drainage and that of structure
KR101018081B1 (en) * 2007-06-29 2011-03-02 아주대학교산학협력단 Bolt for reinforcing tunnel and grouting method using the same
KR100883133B1 (en) * 2008-08-07 2009-02-10 주식회사 장평건설 Removable earth anchor with double injection pipe for softground
KR101276572B1 (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-06-18 이평우 Pressurizing grouting type soil nailing and method for reinforcing slope using thereof

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101017708B1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2011-02-25 강성호 Wedge-shape nailing building method using simultaneous multi-level grouting
KR101022009B1 (en) 2009-02-18 2011-03-16 (주)하이빅스이앤지 Construction method for Retaining wall by soil-nailing method and Retaining block thereof
KR100992999B1 (en) * 2009-08-31 2010-11-09 김성례 Slope-reinforcement anchor for inducing soil nailing reinforcement effect and methode there of
KR101303393B1 (en) * 2012-12-04 2013-09-05 주식회사 디에스글로벌이엔씨 Tie cable fixing apparatus
WO2016208990A1 (en) * 2015-06-25 2016-12-29 (주)현이앤씨 Anchor having fixing device at side of pressure plate to depress land slope and method of installing same

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