JPS57208530A - Antidazzling mirror device - Google Patents

Antidazzling mirror device

Info

Publication number
JPS57208530A
JPS57208530A JP56093742A JP9374281A JPS57208530A JP S57208530 A JPS57208530 A JP S57208530A JP 56093742 A JP56093742 A JP 56093742A JP 9374281 A JP9374281 A JP 9374281A JP S57208530 A JPS57208530 A JP S57208530A
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
electrolyte
electrodes
dissolving
power source
organic material
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
JP56093742A
Inventor
Tadashi Negishi
Original Assignee
Ichikoh Ind Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ichikoh Ind Ltd filed Critical Ichikoh Ind Ltd
Priority to JP56093742A priority Critical patent/JPS57208530A/en
Publication of JPS57208530A publication Critical patent/JPS57208530A/en
Application status is Pending legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/15Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on an electrochromic effect
    • G02F1/153Constructional details

Abstract

PURPOSE:To improve ability in visual recognition and to vary reflectivity continuously and successively according to the quantity of electricity by utilizing the coloring phenomenon of an electrolyte obtained by dissolving an oxidation- reducible organic material in an insoluble solvent. CONSTITUTION:Two transparent glass plates 11 having transparent electrodes 12 and 12' on internal surfaces respectively are bonded together with a frame body 15 interposed, and in this frame body 15, an electrolyte 14 obtained by dissolving an electrochemically oxidation-reducible organic material, shown by formula[I](where R is a chain alkyl group having 4-9 carbon atoms and X<-> is a negative ion), in an insoluble solvent (e.g. acetonitrile) is sealed; and a reflective film is formed in the same body with the electrode 12' on the rear side for incident light A, thus constituting a reflecting mirror 1. Then, lead wires 17 are connected to the electrodes 12 and 12', and then connected to the driving circuit composed of a switch mechanism 21 and a power source 22. The switch mechanism 21 is turned on to connect the power source 22 to the electrodes 12 and 12', which allows the reducing reaction of the electrolyte 14 is therefore reduced to decrease the reflectivity of the mirror 1.
JP56093742A 1981-06-19 1981-06-19 Antidazzling mirror device Pending JPS57208530A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP56093742A JPS57208530A (en) 1981-06-19 1981-06-19 Antidazzling mirror device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP56093742A JPS57208530A (en) 1981-06-19 1981-06-19 Antidazzling mirror device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPS57208530A true JPS57208530A (en) 1982-12-21

Family

ID=14090862

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP56093742A Pending JPS57208530A (en) 1981-06-19 1981-06-19 Antidazzling mirror device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
JP (1) JPS57208530A (en)

Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4526441A (en) * 1981-06-30 1985-07-02 International Business Machines Corporation Method and electrolytic display for selectively displaying an image
JPS62294225A (en) * 1986-03-31 1987-12-21 Gentex Corp Single section self-erasing type solution phase electrochromic device, solution used therefor and use thereof
US5122647A (en) * 1990-08-10 1992-06-16 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular mirror system with remotely actuated continuously variable reflectance mirrors
US5148014A (en) * 1990-08-10 1992-09-15 Donnelly Corporation Mirror system with remotely actuated continuously variable reflectant mirrors
US5193029A (en) * 1991-11-19 1993-03-09 Donnelly Corporation Single sensor adaptive drive circuit for rearview mirror system
US5220317A (en) * 1990-12-11 1993-06-15 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic device capable of prolonged coloration
US5282077A (en) * 1986-03-31 1994-01-25 Gentex Corporation Variable reflectance mirror
US5340503A (en) * 1989-11-29 1994-08-23 Donnelly Corporation High performance electrochemichromic solutions and devices thereof
US5424898A (en) * 1991-08-16 1995-06-13 Donnelly Corporation Fault tolerant drive circuit for electrochromic mirror system
US5424865A (en) * 1991-09-06 1995-06-13 Donnelly Corporation Electrochemichromic solutions, processes for preparing and using the same, and devices manufactured with the same
US5550677A (en) * 1993-02-26 1996-08-27 Donnelly Corporation Automatic rearview mirror system using a photosensor array
US5668663A (en) * 1994-05-05 1997-09-16 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic mirrors and devices
US5910854A (en) * 1993-02-26 1999-06-08 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such solid films, and processes for making such solid films and devices
US6002511A (en) * 1993-02-26 1999-12-14 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such solid films, and processes for making such solid films and devices
US6302545B1 (en) 1993-02-26 2001-10-16 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle control system and method
CN103896828A (en) * 2012-12-28 2014-07-02 海洋王照明科技股份有限公司 Double-center bipyridine ionic liquid, as well as preparation method thereof, electrolyte and lithium ion battery
US8833987B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2014-09-16 Donnelly Corporation Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US8842176B2 (en) 1996-05-22 2014-09-23 Donnelly Corporation Automatic vehicle exterior light control
US8884788B2 (en) 1998-04-08 2014-11-11 Donnelly Corporation Automotive communication system
US8908039B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2014-12-09 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular video mirror system
US9014966B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2015-04-21 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assist system for vehicle
US9018577B2 (en) 2007-08-17 2015-04-28 Magna Electronics Inc. Vehicular imaging system with camera misalignment correction and capturing image data at different resolution levels dependent on distance to object in field of view
US9019091B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2015-04-28 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system
US9019090B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2015-04-28 Magna Electronics Inc. Vision system for vehicle
US9073491B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2015-07-07 Donnelly Corporation Exterior rearview mirror assembly
US9090211B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2015-07-28 Donnelly Corporation Variable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
US9278654B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2016-03-08 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system for vehicle
US9352623B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2016-05-31 Magna Electronics Inc. Trailer hitching aid system for vehicle
US9509957B2 (en) 2008-07-24 2016-11-29 Magna Electronics Inc. Vehicle imaging system
US9940528B2 (en) 2004-12-23 2018-04-10 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assistance system for vehicle
US10175477B2 (en) 2008-03-31 2019-01-08 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Display system for vehicle

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5365278A (en) * 1976-11-25 1978-06-10 Canon Inc Image display cell
JPS53125279A (en) * 1977-04-07 1978-11-01 Canon Inc Image display cell
JPS5567729A (en) * 1978-11-15 1980-05-22 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Control window body for transmission light quantity
JPS55156901A (en) * 1979-05-24 1980-12-06 Aoki Eng Kk Electronic control type mirror

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5365278A (en) * 1976-11-25 1978-06-10 Canon Inc Image display cell
JPS53125279A (en) * 1977-04-07 1978-11-01 Canon Inc Image display cell
JPS5567729A (en) * 1978-11-15 1980-05-22 Sanyo Electric Co Ltd Control window body for transmission light quantity
JPS55156901A (en) * 1979-05-24 1980-12-06 Aoki Eng Kk Electronic control type mirror

Cited By (79)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4526441A (en) * 1981-06-30 1985-07-02 International Business Machines Corporation Method and electrolytic display for selectively displaying an image
EP0725305B2 (en) 1986-03-31 2004-08-18 Gentex Corporation A variable reflectance mirror for an automobile
EP0725305A2 (en) 1986-03-31 1996-08-07 Gentex Corporation A variable reflectance mirror for an automobile
US6211994B1 (en) 1986-03-31 2001-04-03 Gentex Corporation Variable transmittance electrochromic devices
US6351328B1 (en) 1986-03-31 2002-02-26 Gentex Corporation Variable transmittance electrochromic devices
US5751467A (en) * 1986-03-31 1998-05-12 Gentex Corporation Variable reflectance automobile mirror
US5282077A (en) * 1986-03-31 1994-01-25 Gentex Corporation Variable reflectance mirror
US6016215A (en) * 1986-03-31 2000-01-18 Gentex Corporation Variable transmittance electrochromic devices
JPS62294225A (en) * 1986-03-31 1987-12-21 Gentex Corp Single section self-erasing type solution phase electrochromic device, solution used therefor and use thereof
US5725809A (en) * 1989-11-29 1998-03-10 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic architectural window
US5340503A (en) * 1989-11-29 1994-08-23 Donnelly Corporation High performance electrochemichromic solutions and devices thereof
US6207083B1 (en) 1989-11-29 2001-03-27 Donnelly Corporation Method for filling large area electrochromic windows
US5567360A (en) * 1989-11-29 1996-10-22 Varaprasad; Desaraju V. Electrochemichromic mirror
US6045724A (en) * 1989-11-29 2000-04-04 Donnelly Corporation Large area electrochromic window
US5148014A (en) * 1990-08-10 1992-09-15 Donnelly Corporation Mirror system with remotely actuated continuously variable reflectant mirrors
US5122647A (en) * 1990-08-10 1992-06-16 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular mirror system with remotely actuated continuously variable reflectance mirrors
US5384578A (en) * 1990-12-11 1995-01-24 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic device capable of prolonged coloration
US5220317A (en) * 1990-12-11 1993-06-15 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic device capable of prolonged coloration
US5424898A (en) * 1991-08-16 1995-06-13 Donnelly Corporation Fault tolerant drive circuit for electrochromic mirror system
US5424865A (en) * 1991-09-06 1995-06-13 Donnelly Corporation Electrochemichromic solutions, processes for preparing and using the same, and devices manufactured with the same
US5193029A (en) * 1991-11-19 1993-03-09 Donnelly Corporation Single sensor adaptive drive circuit for rearview mirror system
US6954300B2 (en) 1993-02-26 2005-10-11 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such sold films, and processes for making such solid films and devices
US6154306A (en) * 1993-02-26 2000-11-28 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such solid films, and processes for making such solid films and devices
US6002511A (en) * 1993-02-26 1999-12-14 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such solid films, and processes for making such solid films and devices
US5910854A (en) * 1993-02-26 1999-06-08 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such solid films, and processes for making such solid films and devices
US6302545B1 (en) 1993-02-26 2001-10-16 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle control system and method
US5760962A (en) * 1993-02-26 1998-06-02 Donnelly Corporation Automatic rearview mirror system using a photosensor array
US8098142B2 (en) 1993-02-26 2012-01-17 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Vehicle monitoring system
US6523964B2 (en) 1993-02-26 2003-02-25 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle control system and method
US5550677A (en) * 1993-02-26 1996-08-27 Donnelly Corporation Automatic rearview mirror system using a photosensor array
US6802617B2 (en) 1993-02-26 2004-10-12 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle image capture system
US6953253B2 (en) 1993-02-26 2005-10-11 Donnelly Corporation Vehicle photosensing control system
US7349144B2 (en) 1994-05-05 2008-03-25 Donnelly Corporation Exterior electrochromic reflective mirror element for a vehicular rearview mirror assembly
US7004592B2 (en) 1994-05-05 2006-02-28 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic mirrors and devices
US5668663A (en) * 1994-05-05 1997-09-16 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic mirrors and devices
US8842176B2 (en) 1996-05-22 2014-09-23 Donnelly Corporation Automatic vehicle exterior light control
US7202987B2 (en) 1997-03-26 2007-04-10 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such solid films, and processes for making such solid films and devices
US6855431B2 (en) 1997-03-26 2005-02-15 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such solid films, and processes for making such solid films and devices
US6420036B1 (en) 1997-03-26 2002-07-16 Donnelly Corporation Electrochromic polymeric solid films, manufacturing electrochromic devices using such solid films, and processes for making such solid films and devices
US9221399B2 (en) 1998-04-08 2015-12-29 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Automotive communication system
US9481306B2 (en) 1998-04-08 2016-11-01 Donnelly Corporation Automotive communication system
US8884788B2 (en) 1998-04-08 2014-11-11 Donnelly Corporation Automotive communication system
US9019091B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2015-04-28 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system
US9278654B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2016-03-08 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system for vehicle
US9376061B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2016-06-28 Donnelly Corporation Accessory system of a vehicle
US10144355B2 (en) 1999-11-24 2018-12-04 Donnelly Corporation Interior rearview mirror system for vehicle
US10179545B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2019-01-15 Magna Electronics Inc. Park-aid system for vehicle
US9019090B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2015-04-28 Magna Electronics Inc. Vision system for vehicle
US10131280B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2018-11-20 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular video mirror system
US9809171B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2017-11-07 Magna Electronics Inc. Vision system for vehicle
US10239457B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2019-03-26 Magna Electronics Inc. Vehicular vision system
US9014966B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2015-04-21 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assist system for vehicle
US8908039B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2014-12-09 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular video mirror system
US9809168B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2017-11-07 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assist system for vehicle
US10053013B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2018-08-21 Magna Electronics Inc. Vision system for vehicle
US9783114B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2017-10-10 Donnelly Corporation Vehicular video mirror system
US9315151B2 (en) 2000-03-02 2016-04-19 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assist system for vehicle
US9352623B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2016-05-31 Magna Electronics Inc. Trailer hitching aid system for vehicle
US9694749B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2017-07-04 Magna Electronics Inc. Trailer hitching aid system for vehicle
US10272839B2 (en) 2001-01-23 2019-04-30 Magna Electronics Inc. Rear seat occupant monitoring system for vehicle
US9073491B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2015-07-07 Donnelly Corporation Exterior rearview mirror assembly
US10029616B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2018-07-24 Donnelly Corporation Rearview mirror assembly for vehicle
US9545883B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2017-01-17 Donnelly Corporation Exterior rearview mirror assembly
US9341914B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2016-05-17 Donnelly Corporation Variable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
US9090211B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2015-07-28 Donnelly Corporation Variable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
US9878670B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2018-01-30 Donnelly Corporation Variable reflectance mirror reflective element for exterior mirror assembly
US10363875B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2019-07-30 Donnelly Corportion Vehicular exterior electrically variable reflectance mirror reflective element assembly
US9940528B2 (en) 2004-12-23 2018-04-10 Magna Electronics Inc. Driver assistance system for vehicle
US9758102B1 (en) 2005-09-14 2017-09-12 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US9694753B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2017-07-04 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US8833987B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2014-09-16 Donnelly Corporation Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US9045091B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2015-06-02 Donnelly Corporation Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US10308186B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2019-06-04 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Vehicular exterior rearview mirror assembly with blind spot indicator
US10150417B2 (en) 2005-09-14 2018-12-11 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Mirror reflective element sub-assembly for exterior rearview mirror of a vehicle
US9972100B2 (en) 2007-08-17 2018-05-15 Magna Electronics Inc. Vehicular imaging system comprising an imaging device with a single image sensor and image processor for determining a totally blocked state or partially blocked state of the single image sensor as well as an automatic correction for misalignment of the imaging device
US9018577B2 (en) 2007-08-17 2015-04-28 Magna Electronics Inc. Vehicular imaging system with camera misalignment correction and capturing image data at different resolution levels dependent on distance to object in field of view
US10175477B2 (en) 2008-03-31 2019-01-08 Magna Mirrors Of America, Inc. Display system for vehicle
US9509957B2 (en) 2008-07-24 2016-11-29 Magna Electronics Inc. Vehicle imaging system
CN103896828A (en) * 2012-12-28 2014-07-02 海洋王照明科技股份有限公司 Double-center bipyridine ionic liquid, as well as preparation method thereof, electrolyte and lithium ion battery

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