JP6589891B2 - Head cleaning mechanism and ink jet recording apparatus having the same - Google Patents

Head cleaning mechanism and ink jet recording apparatus having the same Download PDF

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JP6589891B2
JP6589891B2 JP2017002333A JP2017002333A JP6589891B2 JP 6589891 B2 JP6589891 B2 JP 6589891B2 JP 2017002333 A JP2017002333 A JP 2017002333A JP 2017002333 A JP2017002333 A JP 2017002333A JP 6589891 B2 JP6589891 B2 JP 6589891B2
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cleaning liquid
head
ink
wiper
wiping
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JP2018111238A (en
Inventor
拓馬 荒木
拓馬 荒木
佐武 健一
健一 佐武
靖隆 乾
靖隆 乾
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京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社
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Priority to JP2017002333A priority Critical patent/JP6589891B2/en
Priority claimed from US15/856,885 external-priority patent/US10155389B2/en
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Description

  The present invention relates to a head cleaning mechanism including a recording head having an ink discharge port for discharging ink onto a recording medium such as paper, and an ink jet recording apparatus including the head cleaning mechanism.
  2. Description of the Related Art As a recording apparatus such as a facsimile, a copying machine, and a printer, an ink jet recording apparatus that forms an image by ejecting ink is widely used because it can form a high-definition image.
  In such an ink jet recording apparatus, a micro ink droplet (hereinafter referred to as a mist) ejected together with an ink droplet for image recording, or a bounce mist generated when the ink droplet adheres to a recording medium, The ink adheres to the ink ejection surface and solidifies. When the mist on the ink ejection surface gradually increases and overlaps the ink ejection port, the straightness of the ink (flying curve), non-ejection, etc. occur and the print performance of the recording head decreases.
  Therefore, in order to clean the ink discharge surface of the recording head, a cleaning liquid supply port is provided outside the ink discharge region (upstream in the wiping direction of the wiper) where a plurality of ink discharge ports of the ink discharge surface open. An ink jet recording apparatus provided with a plurality of ink jets is known. In this ink jet recording apparatus, after supplying the cleaning liquid from the cleaning liquid supply port, the wiper is moved along the ink discharge surface from the outside of the cleaning liquid supply port, so that the ink discharge surface is held while the wiper holds the cleaning liquid. Can be wiped. In this way, the recording head recovery process can be performed.
  An ink jet recording apparatus in which a plurality of cleaning liquid supply ports are provided on the ink discharge surface of the recording head is disclosed in, for example, Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2004-151867.
JP 2007-83396 A
  However, the above-described conventional ink jet recording apparatus has a problem in that the wiper passes over the cleaning liquid supply port every time the recovery process of the recording head is performed, and the edge of the cleaning liquid supply port causes a scratch on the tip of the wiper. . In addition, when the damage | wound of the tip of a wiper becomes large and a chip | tip arises in the tip of a wiper, the wiping performance of a wiper will fall remarkably and wiping will arise.
  The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a head cleaning mechanism capable of cleaning the ink discharge surface while suppressing damage to the wiper. And an inkjet recording apparatus including the same.
  In order to achieve the above object, a head cleaning mechanism according to a first aspect of the present invention includes a recording medium including an ink discharge surface provided with an ink discharge region in which a plurality of ink discharge ports for discharging ink are opened on a recording medium. A head and a wiper for wiping the ink discharge surface in a predetermined direction. The recording head is disposed upstream of the wiping direction, which is a direction in which the wiper wipes the ink ejection surface with respect to the ink ejection surface, and includes an inclined surface that is inclined downward toward the downstream side in the wiping direction. A plurality of cleaning liquid supply ports for supplying the cleaning liquid are provided on the upstream side in the wiping direction from the position where the wiper abuts during the wiping operation.
  According to the head cleaning mechanism of the first aspect of the present invention, the recording head is disposed on the upstream side in the wiping direction with respect to the ink ejection surface, and includes an inclined surface that is inclined downward toward the downstream side in the wiping direction. The inclined surface is provided with a plurality of cleaning liquid supply ports for supplying a cleaning liquid. Accordingly, when the cleaning liquid is supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port, the cleaning liquid flows on the inclined surface toward the downstream side. After the cleaning liquid reaches the downstream end of the inclined surface, the ink wiper is moved while moving the wiper along the ink discharge surface from the upstream side in the wiping direction with respect to the downstream end of the inclined surface. Can be wiped. For this reason, the ink discharge surface can be cleaned.
  In addition, a cleaning liquid supply port is provided on the upstream side in the wiping direction from the position of the inclined surface where the wiper abuts during the wiping operation. Thus, when performing the recovery operation of the recording head, the wiper does not contact the edge of the cleaning liquid supply port. For this reason, since the tip of the wiper does not rub against the edge of the cleaning liquid supply port, damage to the tip of the wiper can be suppressed.
The figure which shows the structure of the inkjet recording device provided with the recording head of one Embodiment of this invention. The figure which looked at the 1st conveyance unit and recording part of the ink-jet recording device shown in Drawing 1 from the upper part Diagram of the recording head that constitutes the line head of the recording unit View of the recording head viewed from the ink ejection surface View of the cleaning liquid supply member of the recording head as seen from diagonally below View of the cleaning liquid supply member of the recording head viewed from below The figure which shows a mode that a cleaning liquid is hold | maintained in a hydrophilic region in the vicinity of the boundary of the lower surface of a cleaning liquid supply member, and a hydrophilic region. The figure which shows the structure of a cleaning liquid supply member The figure which shows the state which is moving to the arrow A direction in the state in which the wiper was press-contacted to the ink discharge surface The figure which shows the state which the wiper is moving to the arrow A direction in the state pressed against the inclined surface of the cleaning liquid supply member The figure which shows the state which has arrange | positioned the maintenance unit under the recording part The figure which shows the state which the cleaning liquid is flowing toward the downstream of the wiping direction on an inclined surface The figure which shows the state by which the cleaning liquid is hold | maintained at the hydrophilic region The figure which shows the state which has arrange | positioned the wiper under the recording head The figure which shows the state which lifted the wiper from the state of FIG. 14, and was press-contacted to the cleaning liquid supply member The figure which shows the state which moved to the arrow A direction in the state which pressed the wiper to the cleaning liquid supply member from the state of FIG. The figure which shows the state which moved the wiper to the arrow A direction further from the state of FIG. FIG. 17 is a view showing a state where the wiper is further moved in the direction of arrow A from the state of FIG. 17 and then the wiper is lowered and separated from the ink discharge surface. The figure which looked at the cleaning liquid supply member of the recording head of the modification of the present invention from the lower part
  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
  As shown in FIG. 1, a paper feed tray 2 for storing paper S (recording medium) is provided on the left side of the ink jet recording apparatus 100 according to an embodiment of the present invention. In this case, the accommodated sheets S are conveyed one by one from the uppermost sheet S one by one to a first conveying unit 5 to be described later, and the sheet feeding roller 3 is in pressure contact with the sheet feeding roller 3 and is driven to rotate. A driven roller 4 is provided.
  A first transport unit 5 and a recording unit 9 are disposed on the downstream side (right side in FIG. 1) of the paper feed roller 3 and the driven roller 4 with respect to the paper transport direction (arrow X direction). The first transport unit 5 includes a first drive roller 6, a first driven roller 7, and a first transport belt 6 that is stretched over the first drive roller 6 and the first driven roller 7. When the first drive roller 6 is driven to rotate in the clockwise direction by a control signal from the control unit 110 of the recording apparatus 100, the paper S held on the first transport belt 8 is transported in the arrow X direction.
  The recording unit 9 includes a head housing 10 and line heads 11C, 11M, 11Y, and 11K held by the head housing 10. These line heads 11C to 11K are supported at such a height that a predetermined interval (for example, 1 mm) is formed with respect to the conveying surface of the first conveying belt 8, and as shown in FIG. The recording head 17 is composed of one or more (in this case, one) recording heads 17 extending along the orthogonal sheet width direction (vertical direction in FIG. 2).
  As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, an ink discharge region R1 in which a large number of ink discharge ports 18a (see FIG. 2) are arranged is formed on the ink discharge surface F1 of the head portion (ink discharge head portion) 18 of the recording head 17. Is provided. Note that at least the ink discharge surface F1 of the head portion 18 is formed of, for example, SUS (stainless steel). The ink discharge surface F1 is subjected to water repellent treatment by applying a fluorine-based or silicon-based water repellent, and here has a contact angle with water of 113 °.
  In the recording heads 17 constituting the line heads 11C to 11K, inks of four colors (cyan, magenta, yellow, and black) stored in ink tanks (not shown) are provided for the respective colors of the line heads 11C to 11K. To be supplied.
  Each recording head 17 is directed to the sheet S conveyed by being held by suction on the conveying surface of the first conveying belt 8 in accordance with image data received from an external computer by a control signal from the control unit 110 (see FIG. 1). Ink is ejected from the ink ejection port 18a. As a result, a color image in which four colors of cyan, magenta, yellow, and black are superimposed is formed on the sheet S on the first conveying belt 8.
  The recording head 17 is provided with a cleaning liquid supply member (cleaning liquid supply head section) 60 for supplying a cleaning liquid. The cleaning liquid supply member 60 is disposed adjacent to the head portion 18 on the upstream side in the wiping direction of the wiper 35 described later (the right side in FIG. 3). The cleaning liquid supply member 60 has an inclined surface 62 inclined downward toward the downstream side in the wiping direction, and a downstream end 62a (lower end in FIG. 3) of the inclined surface 62 in the wiping direction toward the ink ejection surface F1. And an extending lower surface F2.
  The inclined surface 62 includes a cleaning liquid supply region R2 in which a large number of cleaning liquid supply ports 60a (see FIG. 5) for supplying a cleaning liquid are arranged. The cleaning liquid supply member 60 is made of, for example, resin or SUS. The surface (for example, the inclined surface 62 and the lower surface F2) of the cleaning liquid supply member 60 is subjected to a water-repellent treatment that is weaker than the ink discharge surface F1 by applying a fluorine-based or silicon-based water repellent. The contact angle of the cleaning liquid supply member 60 with respect to water is 95 ° or less. The detailed structure of the cleaning liquid supply member 60 will be described later.
  Returning to FIG. 1, the second transport unit 12 is arranged on the downstream side (right side in FIG. 1) of the first transport unit 5 with respect to the paper transport direction. The second transport unit 12 includes a second drive roller 13, a second driven roller 14, and a second transport belt 15 stretched over the second drive roller 13 and the second driven roller 14. When the two drive rollers 13 are rotationally driven in the clockwise direction, the paper S held on the second transport belt 15 is transported in the arrow X direction.
  The paper S on which the ink image is recorded by the recording unit 9 is sent to the second transport unit 12, and the ink ejected on the surface of the paper S while passing through the second transport unit 12 is dried. A maintenance unit 19 and a cap unit 90 are disposed below the second transport unit 12. When performing a wiping operation (wiping operation) by a wiper 35 to be described later, the first transport unit 5 is lowered and the maintenance unit 19 is moved below the recording unit 9 from the ink discharge port 18a of the recording head 17. The ink discharged forcibly and the cleaning liquid supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port 60a are wiped off, and the wiped ink and cleaning liquid are collected. When capping the ink ejection surface F1 (see FIG. 3) of the recording head 17, the first transport unit 5 is lowered, and the cap unit 90 is moved horizontally below the recording unit 9 and further moved upward. Mounted on the lower surface of the recording head 17.
  Further, on the downstream side of the second transport unit 12 with respect to the paper transport direction, a discharge roller pair 16 that discharges the paper S on which an image is recorded to the outside of the apparatus main body is provided. Is provided with a discharge tray (not shown) on which the sheets S discharged outside the apparatus main body are stacked.
  The maintenance unit 19 supports a plurality of wipers 35 (see FIG. 14) movable along the ink ejection surface F1, a substantially rectangular carriage (not shown) to which the plurality of wipers 35 are fixed, and the carriage. And a support frame (not shown). A carriage (not shown) is supported to be slidable in the direction of arrow AA ′ with respect to a support frame (not shown).
  The wiper 35 is an elastic member (for example, a rubber member made of EPDM) for wiping off the cleaning liquid supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port 60a (see FIG. 5) of each recording head 17. The wiper 35 is pressed against a portion of the inclined surface 62 of the cleaning liquid supply member 60 on the downstream side in the wiping direction with respect to the cleaning liquid supply region R2 (see FIG. 4), and the lower surface F2 is moved by the movement of the carriage (not shown). The ink discharge surface F1 is wiped in a predetermined direction (arrow A direction). The maintenance unit 19 including the wiper 35 and the recording head 17 constitute a head cleaning mechanism.
  Next, the structure of the cleaning liquid supply member 60 will be described in detail.
  As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the cleaning liquid supply port 60a has a position P (for example, a central portion of the inclined surface 62 in the direction of arrow AA ′) where the wiper 35 abuts during the wiping operation of the inclined surface 62 (see FIG. 5). 15)) (upstream in the wiping direction). A plurality (four in this case) of cleaning liquid supply ports 60a are arranged at a predetermined pitch in the head width direction (arrow BB ′ direction) orthogonal to the wiping direction (arrow A direction). In the figure, only one row of a plurality of cleaning liquid supply ports 60a arranged along the head width direction is drawn, but this row is provided adjacent to the wiping direction (arrow A direction). It may be done.
  In the vicinity of the downstream end 62a of the inclined surface 62 in the wiping direction, hydrophilicity having high wettability to water compared to the ink discharge surface F1 and other portions of the cleaning liquid supply member 60 (for example, the inclined surface 62 and the lower surface F2). The sex region R3 is formed. The hydrophilic region R3 may be provided on the inclined surface 62 or may be provided on the lower surface F2 as long as it is in the vicinity of the downstream end 62a. In the figure, the hydrophilic region R3 is hatched for easy understanding.
  The hydrophilic region R3 is formed so as to extend in the head width direction (arrow BB ′ direction). Further, the hydrophilic region R3 is formed in a band shape that is continuous over substantially the entire region in the head width direction in the vicinity of the downstream end 62a. Thus, as will be described later, when the cleaning liquid is supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port 60a to the inclined surface 62, the cleaning liquid flows downstream on the inclined surface 62 (the left side in FIGS. 5 and 6). When R3 is reached, it spreads wet in the head width direction.
  As a method of forming the hydrophilic region R3, a method of not applying a water repellent, a method of roughening the surface, or a hydrophilic coating agent instead of the water repellent to the region of forming the hydrophilic region R3. The method of apply | coating etc. are mentioned. Examples of hydrophilic coating agents include titanium oxide and polysilicate coating agents.
  As shown in FIG. 7, when the contact angle of the hydrophilic region R3 with respect to water is 90 ° or more, the aqueous cleaning liquid 23 is stretched from the hydrophilic region R3 to the lower surface F2 side (ink ejection surface F1 side) by surface tension. (Displayed with a broken line in FIG. 7). Therefore, the cleaning liquid 23 easily flows to the lower surface F2 side (ink ejection surface F1 side) due to vibration or impact. If the cleaning liquid 23 flows to the ink ejection surface F1 when the recovery operation of the recording head 17 described later is not performed, there is a possibility that the flying property of the ink from the ink ejection nozzle 18a is adversely affected.
  On the other hand, when the contact angle of the hydrophilic region R3 with respect to water is less than 90 °, the aqueous cleaning liquid 23 does not protrude from the hydrophilic region R3 to the lower surface F2 side (ink ejection surface F1 side) (in the solid line in FIG. 7). display). Accordingly, the contact angle of the hydrophilic region R3 with respect to water is preferably less than 90 °. Since most liquids have a smaller surface tension than water, the contact angle of the hydrophilic region R3 with respect to water is less than 90 °, so that even when using the cleaning liquid 23 based on other liquids. There is no possibility that the cleaning liquid 23 flows from the hydrophilic region R3 to the lower surface F2 side (ink ejection surface F1 side).
  As described above, since the cleaning liquid supply member 60 is subjected to water repellency treatment that is weaker than that of the ink discharge surface F1, the hydrophilicity of the lower surface F2 is slightly higher than that of the ink discharge surface F1. And the hydrophilic area | region R3 which further improved hydrophilicity is formed by performing the hydrophilic treatment to the downstream end 62a vicinity of the inclined surface 62. As shown in FIG. That is, assuming that the contact angle of water on the ink discharge surface F1 is θ1, the contact angle of water on the lower surface F2 (cleaning liquid supply member 60) is θ2, and the contact angle of water in the hydrophilic region R3 is θ3, θ1> θ2> θ3. The relationship holds.
  Further, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, in the cleaning liquid supply member 60, the inclination angle α1 (see FIG. 8) of the inclined surface 62 with respect to the ink discharge surface F1 and the lower surface F2 is wiped by the wiper 35. In this state, the wiper 35 is formed so as to be smaller than the pressure contact angle α2 (see FIG. 9) with respect to the ink discharge surface F1 of the tip of the wiper 35. Specifically, the pressure contact angle α2 with respect to the ink discharge surface F1 and the lower surface F2 at the tip of the wiper 35 is set to about 45 °. The inclination angle α1 of the inclined surface 62 with respect to the ink ejection surface F1 and the lower surface F2 is preferably set to 15 ° or more and less than 45 °, and more preferably set to 30 ° or more and less than 40 °.
  Since the inclination angle α1 is smaller than the pressure contact angle α2, as shown in FIG. 10, when the wiper 35 is moved in the wiping direction (left direction in FIG. 10), the tip of the wiper 35 is moved in the wiping direction. Only the downstream corner portion 35 a contacts the inclined surface 62. That is, the downstream side surface 35 b of the wiper 35 in the wiping direction does not contact the inclined surface 62.
  The cleaning liquid supply member 60 is connected to a tank (not shown) that stores the cleaning liquid 23 via a cleaning liquid supply path (not shown). The cleaning liquid supply path is provided with a cleaning liquid supply pump (not shown) that draws the cleaning liquid 23 from the tank and sends it to the cleaning liquid supply member 60.
  In the ink jet recording apparatus 100, in order to clean the ink discharge surface F1 of the recording head 17, ink is discharged from the ink discharge ports 18a of all the recording heads 17 at the start of printing after being stopped for a long time and between printing operations. Is forcibly discharged, and in parallel, the cleaning liquid 23 is supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port 60a (see FIG. 5) of all the recording heads 17 to the cleaning liquid supply region R2, and the wiper 35 wipes the ink discharge surface F1. The recovery operation of the head 17 is executed to prepare for the next printing operation.
  Next, the recovery operation of the recording head 17 using the maintenance unit 19 in the inkjet recording apparatus 100 of the present embodiment will be described. The recovery operation of the recording head 17 described below is executed by controlling the operations of the recording head 17, the maintenance unit 19, the cleaning liquid supply pump, and the like based on a control signal from the control unit 110 (see FIG. 1). Is done.
  When performing the recovery operation of the recording head 17, first, as shown in FIG. 11, the control unit 110 (see FIG. 1) lowers the first transport unit 5 located below the recording unit 9. Then, the control unit 110 horizontally moves the maintenance unit 19 disposed below the second transport unit 12 so as to be disposed between the recording unit 9 and the first transport unit 5. In this state, the wiper 35 (see FIG. 14) of the maintenance unit 19 is disposed below the ink ejection surface F1 and the lower surface F2 (see FIG. 14) of the recording head 17.
(Cleaning liquid supply operation)
Prior to the wiping operation (wiping operation described later), a cleaning liquid supply pump (not shown) is driven (turned on) by a control signal from the control unit 110 (see FIG. 1), and the cleaning liquid 23 is supplied to the recording head 17. Is done. At this time, as shown in FIG. 12, the cleaning liquid 23 is supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port 60a to the inclined surface 62 by a predetermined amount. The cleaning liquid 23 supplied to the inclined surface 62 flows on the inclined surface 62 toward the downstream side in the wiping direction (arrow A direction). Then, as shown in FIG. 13, when the cleaning liquid 23 reaches the hydrophilic region R3 provided in the vicinity of the downstream end 62a, the hydrophilic region R3 wets and spreads in the head width direction, and the lower surface F2 is substantially in the head width direction. It is held in a state of spreading over the entire area. In the figure, the cleaning liquid 23 is hatched for easy understanding.
(Ink extrusion operation)
Prior to the wiping operation (wiping operation described later), as shown in FIG. 14, the ink is supplied to the recording head 17 by the control unit 110 (see FIG. 1). The supplied ink 22 is forcibly extruded (purged) from the ink discharge port 18a. By this purging operation, thickened ink, foreign matter and bubbles in the ink discharge port 18a are discharged from the ink discharge port 18a. At this time, the purge ink 22 is pushed out to the ink discharge surface F1 along the shape of the ink discharge region R1 where the ink discharge port 18a exists. In the figure, the ink (purge ink) 22 is hatched for easy understanding.
(Wiping operation)
As shown in FIG. 15, the controller 110 raises the wiper 35 to bring the wiper 35 into contact with the inclined surface 62 of the cleaning liquid supply member 60 of the recording head 17 with a predetermined pressure. At this time, the wiper 35 is raised so that the upper surface of the wiper 35 is higher than the ink discharge surface F1 and the lower surface F2 and lower than the cleaning liquid supply port 60a. Thereby, the wiper 35 does not contact the cleaning liquid supply port 60a. Note that when the wiper 35 is raised, the wiper 35 may not be in pressure contact with the inclined surface 62. That is, the wiper 35 may be raised at a position on the right side of FIG.
  From the state in which the tip of the wiper 35 is in pressure contact with the inclined surface 62 of the cleaning liquid supply member 60, the control unit 110 moves the wiper 35 along the lower surface F2 in the direction of the ink discharge region R1 (direction of arrow A) as shown in FIG. Move. As a result, the wiper 35 moves in the direction of the ink ejection region R <b> 1 while holding the cleaning liquid 23.
  Then, as shown in FIG. 17, the wiper 35 moves to the left (in the direction of arrow A) on the ink ejection surface F1 while maintaining the state where the cleaning liquid 23 is held. At this time, the cleaning liquid 23 and the ink (purge ink) 22 dissolve the ink droplets (waste ink) that adhere to the ink ejection surface F1 and solidify, and are wiped off by the wiper 35. The wiper 35 further moves leftward (in the direction of arrow A) and stops moving leftward when it reaches a position opposite to the cleaning liquid supply member 60 with respect to the ink ejection region R1. The cleaning liquid 23 and waste ink wiped off by the wiper 35 are collected in a cleaning liquid collection tray (not shown) provided in the maintenance unit 19.
(Separation operation)
After execution of the wiping operation, as shown in FIG. 18, the control unit 110 lowers the wiper 35 and separates it from the ink ejection surface F1.
  Finally, the control unit 110 horizontally moves the maintenance unit 19 arranged between the recording unit 9 and the first conveyance unit 5 and arranges the maintenance unit 19 below the second conveyance unit 12 to place the first conveyance unit 5 in a predetermined manner. Raise to the position. In this way, the recovery operation of the recording head 17 is completed.
  In the present embodiment, as described above, the recording head 17 includes the inclined surface 62 that is disposed on the upstream side in the wiping direction with respect to the ink ejection surface F1 and is inclined downward toward the downstream side in the wiping direction. The surface 62 is provided with a plurality of cleaning liquid supply ports 60 a for supplying the cleaning liquid 23. Accordingly, when the cleaning liquid 23 is supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port 60a, the cleaning liquid 23 flows on the inclined surface 62 toward the downstream side. After the cleaning liquid 23 reaches the downstream end 62a of the inclined surface 62, the wiper 35 is moved along the ink discharge surface F1 from the upstream side in the wiping direction with respect to the downstream end 62a of the inclined surface 62. Ink discharge surface F <b> 1 can be wiped while holding 23. For this reason, the ink discharge surface F1 can be cleaned.
  Further, a cleaning liquid supply port 60a is provided on the upstream side in the wiping direction from the position P on the inclined surface 62 where the wiper 35 abuts during the wiping operation. Accordingly, when performing the recovery operation of the recording head 17, the wiper 35 does not contact the edge of the cleaning liquid supply port 60a. For this reason, since the tip of the wiper 35 does not rub against the edge of the cleaning liquid supply port 60a, the tip of the wiper 35 can be prevented from being damaged.
  Further, as described above, the inclination angle α1 of the inclined surface 62 with respect to the ink ejection surface F1 is greater than the pressure contact angle α2 with respect to the ink ejection surface F1 at the tip of the wiper 35 in the state where the wiper 35 wipes the ink ejection surface F1. Is also small. Accordingly, when the wiper 35 moves in the wiping direction in a state where the wiper 35 is in pressure contact with the inclined surface 62 of the recording head 17, the wiper 35 does not bend more than the pressure contact angle α2 with respect to the ink ejection surface F1, and therefore the wiper 35 is only the corner portion 35a. Moves while contacting the inclined surface 62. That is, the side surface 35 b of the wiper 35 does not contact the side surface (the inclined surface 62) of the recording head 17. For this reason, it is possible to suppress the cleaning liquid 23 from remaining on the inclined surface 62. As a result, it is possible to suppress the cleaning liquid 23 remaining on the inclined surface 62 from flowing toward the ink ejection surface F1 due to vibration or impact. Note that if the cleaning liquid 23 flows to the ink discharge surface F1 when the recovery operation of the recording head 17 is not performed, the flying property of the ink 22 from the ink discharge port 18a may be adversely affected. Further, even when the paper S is rubbed against the recording head 17, it is possible to suppress the cleaning liquid 23 from adhering to the paper S.
  As described above, the inclination angle α1 is not less than 15 ° and less than 45 °. As a result, the cleaning liquid 23 can easily flow toward the downstream end 62 a of the inclined surface 62, and only the corner portion 35 a at the tip of the wiper 35 can be easily brought into contact with the inclined surface 62.
  Further, as described above, in the vicinity of the downstream end 62a, the hydrophilic region R3 having higher wettability with respect to water than the ink discharge surface F1 is formed so as to extend in the head width direction. Thus, the cleaning liquid 23 supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port 60a and flowing to the downstream end 62a of the inclined surface 62 wets and spreads in the hydrophilic region R3 in the head width direction. For this reason, it is possible to shorten the time from the start of wiping the cleaning liquid 23 by the wiper 35 until the cleaning liquid 23 spreads over the entire area of the recording head 17 in the head width direction, and therefore, at both ends of the ink discharge surface F1 in the head width direction. The occurrence of unwiping can be suppressed. If the hydrophilic region R3 is not provided, the cleaning liquids 23 are united to form one large droplet. At this time, the cleaning liquid 23 gathers at the center in the head width direction (arrow BB ′ direction). For this reason, it takes time for the cleaning liquid 23 to wet and spread throughout the width direction (arrow BB ′ direction) of the wiper 35 after the cleaning liquid 23 starts to be wiped by the wiper 35. Thereby, wiping residue may occur at both ends of the ink ejection surface F1 in the head width direction.
  Further, since the cleaning liquid 23 is spread and held along the hydrophilic region R3, the cleaning liquid 23 gathers in the central portion in the head width direction (arrow BB ′ direction) to form a large droplet from the cleaning liquid supply member 60. It can suppress falling. Thereby, the loss of the cleaning liquid 23 can be reduced.
  Further, as described above, the hydrophilic region R3 is formed in substantially the entire head width direction in the vicinity of the downstream end 62a. Accordingly, it is possible to easily reduce the time from the start of wiping the cleaning liquid 23 with the wiper 35 until the cleaning liquid 23 spreads over the entire area of the recording head 17 in the head width direction. It is possible to easily suppress the occurrence of unwiping in the part.
  Further, as described above, the hydrophilic region R3 is formed in a belt shape that is continuous over substantially the entire region in the head width direction in the vicinity of the downstream end 62a. Thereby, for example, the cleaning liquid 23 that has flowed to the center portion in the head width direction can be easily spread to both ends in the head width direction.
  As described above, when the contact angle of the ink ejection surface F1 with respect to water is θ1, the contact angle of the cleaning liquid supply member 60 with respect to water is θ2, and the contact angle with respect to the water of the hydrophilic region R3 is θ3, θ1> θ2 > Θ3 is satisfied. Thereby, the wettability with respect to the water (here cleaning liquid 23) of hydrophilic region R3 can be made high enough. Further, it is possible to further suppress the cleaning liquid 23 from flowing to the ink discharge surface F1 due to vibration or impact.
  Further, as described above, the inclined surface 62 is subjected to water repellent treatment. Accordingly, it is possible to suppress the cleaning liquid 23 supplied from the cleaning liquid supply port 60 a and flowing through the inclined surface 62 toward the downstream end 62 a from staying in the middle of the inclined surface 62. For this reason, it is possible to suppress the cleaning liquid 23 remaining in the middle of the inclined surface 62 from flowing to the downstream end 62 a of the inclined surface 62 due to vibration or impact when the recovery operation of the recording head 17 is not performed. Thereby, even if the paper S is rubbed against the recording head 17, it is possible to suppress the cleaning liquid 23 from adhering to the paper S. Further, it is possible to suppress the cleaning liquid 23 from flowing to the ink discharge surface F1 and adversely affecting the flying property of the ink 22 from the ink discharge port 18a.
  The embodiment disclosed this time should be considered as illustrative in all points and not restrictive. The scope of the present invention is shown not by the above description of the embodiment but by the scope of claims for patent, and all modifications within the meaning and scope equivalent to the scope of claims for patent are included.
  For example, in the above-described embodiment, an example in which the cleaning liquid supply member 60 in which the inclined surface 62 and the cleaning liquid supply port 60a are formed is provided separately from the head portion 18 is shown, but the present invention is not limited to this. The inclined surface 62 and the cleaning liquid supply port 60a may be formed in the head portion 18 without providing the cleaning liquid supply member 60.
  In the above-described embodiment, the hydrophilic region R3 is illustrated as an example in which the hydrophilic region R3 is formed in a strip shape that extends substantially over the entire region in the head width direction in the vicinity of the lower end 62a. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, like the cleaning liquid supply member 60 of the recording head 17 of the modification of the present invention shown in FIG. 19, a plurality of hydrophilic regions R3 may be provided independently (divided) in the head width direction. If comprised in this way, it can suppress easily that the cleaning liquid 23 gathers in the center part of a head width direction (arrow BB 'direction). A plurality of hydrophilic regions R3 may be provided adjacent to the wiping direction. Moreover, you may form hydrophilic region R3 in shapes other than rectangular shape (band | belt shape).
  In the above embodiment, an example in which the recovery operation of the recording head 17 is performed using the cleaning liquid 23 and the ink (purge ink) 22 has been described. However, the recovery operation of the recording head 17 is performed using only the cleaning liquid 23. Also good. That is, it is not necessary to perform the ink pushing operation.
  Further, a configuration obtained by appropriately combining the configurations of the above-described embodiment and modification examples is also included in the technical scope of the present invention.
17 Recording Head 18 Head (Ink Ejection Head)
18a Ink discharge port 22 Ink 23 Cleaning liquid 35 Wiper 60 Cleaning liquid supply member (cleaning liquid supply head)
60a Cleaning liquid supply port 62 Inclined surface 62a Downstream end 100 Inkjet recording apparatus F1 Ink ejection surface F2 Lower surface P Position R1 Ink ejection region R3 Hydrophilic region S Paper (recording medium)
α1 Tilt angle α2 Pressure contact angle

Claims (10)

  1. A recording head including an ink ejection surface provided with an ink ejection area in which a plurality of ink ejection openings for ejecting ink are opened on a recording medium;
    A wiper for wiping the ink ejection surface in a predetermined direction;
    With
    The recording head includes an inclined surface that is disposed on the upstream side in the wiping direction, which is the direction in which the wiper wipes the ink discharge surface with respect to the ink discharge surface, and is inclined downward toward the downstream side in the wiping direction. ,
    A head cleaning mechanism characterized in that a plurality of cleaning liquid supply ports for supplying a cleaning liquid are provided on the upstream side in the wiping direction from a position of the inclined surface where the wiper abuts during wiping operation. .
  2.   The inclination angle of the inclined surface with respect to the ink discharge surface is smaller than a pressure contact angle with respect to the ink discharge surface of a tip portion of the wiper in a state where the wiper wipes the ink discharge surface. 2. A head cleaning mechanism according to 1.
  3.   The head cleaning mechanism according to claim 2, wherein the inclination angle is 15 ° or more and less than 45 °.
  4.   Near the downstream end of the inclined surface in the wiping direction, a hydrophilic region having higher wettability with respect to water than the ink ejection surface is formed to extend in the head width direction perpendicular to the wiping direction. The head cleaning mechanism according to claim 1, wherein:
  5.   The head cleaning mechanism according to claim 4, wherein the hydrophilic region is formed in substantially the entire region in the head width direction in the vicinity of the downstream end.
  6.   The head cleaning mechanism according to claim 5, wherein the hydrophilic region is formed in a strip shape that extends substantially over the entire region in the head width direction in the vicinity of the downstream end.
  7.   6. The head cleaning mechanism according to claim 5, wherein a plurality of the hydrophilic regions are provided independently in the head width direction.
  8. The recording head is
    An ink discharge head portion having the ink discharge surface;
    A cleaning liquid supply head unit having the inclined surface and a lower surface extending from the downstream end of the inclined surface toward the ink ejection surface;
    Consists of
    When the contact angle of the ink ejection surface with respect to water is θ1, the contact angle of the cleaning liquid supply head with water is θ2, and the contact angle of the hydrophilic region with water is θ3, the relationship of θ1>θ2> θ3 is satisfied. The head cleaning mechanism according to claim 4, wherein the head cleaning mechanism is a head cleaning mechanism.
  9.   The head cleaning mechanism according to claim 1, wherein the inclined surface is subjected to a water repellent treatment.
  10.   An ink jet recording apparatus comprising the head cleaning mechanism according to claim 1.
JP2017002333A 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 Head cleaning mechanism and ink jet recording apparatus having the same Active JP6589891B2 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2017002333A JP6589891B2 (en) 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 Head cleaning mechanism and ink jet recording apparatus having the same
US15/856,885 US10155389B2 (en) 2017-01-11 2017-12-28 Head cleaning mechanism and ink jet recording apparatus including the same
CN201711456480.2A CN108297551B (en) 2017-01-11 2017-12-28 Head cleaning mechanism and ink-jet recording apparatus with the head cleaning mechanism
EP18150343.4A EP3348404B1 (en) 2017-01-11 2018-01-04 Head cleaning mechanism and ink jet recording apparatus including the same

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