JP5312778B2 - housing complex - Google Patents

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JP5312778B2
JP5312778B2 JP2007310868A JP2007310868A JP5312778B2 JP 5312778 B2 JP5312778 B2 JP 5312778B2 JP 2007310868 A JP2007310868 A JP 2007310868A JP 2007310868 A JP2007310868 A JP 2007310868A JP 5312778 B2 JP5312778 B2 JP 5312778B2
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floor
building
ventilation
corridor
entrances
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JP2009133142A (en
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聡史 根上
大輔 伊藤
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Asahi Kasei Homes Corp
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Asahi Kasei Homes Corp
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a residence which pays attention to the relationship between a residential building and a dwelling unit and to activity flow lines of elderly persons, and allows the elderly persons to live comfortably and safely according to functional levels of daily life in a manner avoiding isolation irrespective of whether they are healthy and active or they need care, and to provide a collective residence. <P>SOLUTION: The residence has: floor surfaces of first external corridors 2a to 2c which are connected to entrances of nursing rooms 1a to 1c arranged on a first story of a building 17, and continued to floor surfaces of the entrances without steps, respectively; and floor surfaces of second external corridors 2d to 2e which are connected to entrances to elevator rooms 3d, 3e arranged on the first story of the building 17, and continued to floor surfaces of the entrances without steps, respectively. Herein the floor surfaces of the first and second external corridors 2a to 2e are set to the same height, and formed so as to be continuous to each other. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2009,JPO&amp;INPIT

Description

本発明は、高齢者介護に有利な集合住宅に関するものである。 The present invention relates to a favorable collection if housing to nursing the elderly.

従来、高齢者向け住宅として、高齢者の生活動線を考慮して住戸内の居室と浴室、トイレ、台所の配置・連結の仕方に関して高齢者が介護を受け易く、或いは利用し易いように配慮する技術が提案されており、例えば、特開平11−002034号公報(特許文献1)には、高齢者の寝室に直接接続する非常用の階段又はエレベーターを設けた多層住宅が提案されている。また、特開2006−200206号公報(特許文献2)には、外廊下側に配置された居室と反対側のバルコニーに隣設する居室とが直線状の通路で結ばれ、該通路に面して浴室、トイレ及び台所が配置された集合住宅が提案されている。   Conventionally, as a housing for the elderly, taking into account the lifeline of the elderly, consideration is given to making it easy for elderly people to receive nursing care and how to place and connect living rooms, bathrooms, toilets, and kitchens For example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-002034 (Patent Document 1) proposes a multi-layer house provided with an emergency staircase or an elevator that is directly connected to an elderly bedroom. JP 2006-200206 A (Patent Document 2) discloses that a room arranged on the side of the outer corridor and a room adjacent to the balcony on the opposite side are connected by a straight passage and faces the passage. An apartment house with a bathroom, toilet and kitchen has been proposed.

特開平11−002034号公報JP-A-11-002034 特開2006−200206号公報JP 2006-200206 A

しかしながら、前述の特許文献1の技術は、戸建て住宅に関する技術であり、バリアフリーの視点での接続・構成が考慮されておらず、車椅子等の利用の配慮がなされていなかった。また、特許文献2の技術は、集合住宅において高齢者が車椅子で移動を容易にする技術であるものの、住戸内の部屋の配置に限定された工夫であったため、住棟と住戸、部屋という大きな枠組みでの配慮がなされておらず、住戸外の高齢者の移動に関しては、十分な対応ができていなかった。   However, the technique of Patent Document 1 described above is a technique related to a detached house, and connection / configuration from a barrier-free viewpoint is not taken into consideration, and use of a wheelchair or the like is not taken into consideration. Moreover, although the technique of patent document 2 is a technique which makes it easy for an elderly person to move with a wheelchair in an apartment house, since it was a device limited to arrangement of the room in a dwelling unit, it is a big building called a residence building, a dwelling unit, and a room. No consideration was given to the framework, and there was no adequate response to the movement of elderly people outside the dwelling unit.

本発明は前記課題を解決するものであり、その目的とするところは、住棟と住戸の関係と高齢者の生活動線に着目し、高齢者が元気な状態でも介護が必要な状態でも孤立せず、日常生活の機能レベルに合わせて快適に安心して生活できる集合住宅を提供せんとするものである。 The present invention solves the above-mentioned problems, and its purpose is to focus on the relationship between the building and the dwelling unit and the lifeline of the elderly, and it is isolated even if the elderly is healthy or needs care. without, is intended to provide cents apartment that can live in peace of mind comfortable in accordance with the functional level of everyday life.

前記目的を達成するための本発明に係る集合住宅の第1の構成は、通常の玄関と介護対応室とを有する1階住戸と、建物の1階に設けられた通常の玄関とエレベータ室とを有する2階住戸と、を備えた集合住宅であり、前記介護対応室に直接出入りする出入口を介して、前記介護対応室の床面に対して段差なく連続し、前記建物の1階に設けられた前記エレベータ室に直接出入りする出入口を介して、前記エレベータ室の床面に対して段差なく連続する外廊下の床面と、前記通常の玄関が面する共用スペースと、前記外廊下の床面と前記共用スペースとを連結するスロープとを備えたことを特徴とする。 The first configuration of the housing complex of the present invention for achieving the above object, a first floor dwelling with a normal entrance and care corresponding chamber, normal and entrance and elevator chamber provided on the first floor of a building and second floor dwelling with a housing complex with a, the care corresponding chamber via directly out to the entrance to the stepless continuous respect care of the corresponding chamber floor, on the ground floor of the front SL building A floor surface of the outer corridor that continues without a step with respect to the floor surface of the elevator chamber, a common space that faces the normal entrance, and a space of the outer corridor through an entrance that directly enters and exits the elevator chamber . A slope connecting the floor and the common space is provided .

また、本発明に係る集合住宅の第2の構成は、前記建物の周囲は、一方の面と、前記一方の面の反対側である他方の面とを有し、前記外廊下は前記一方の面側に設けられ、前記共用スペースは前記他方の面側に設けられ、前記スロープは前記一方の面と前記他方の面との間に設けられていることを特徴とする。 The second configuration of the housing complex of the present invention, the periphery of the building, and one side, and a second surface which is opposite to the one surface, the outer corridor of the one It is provided on the surface side, the shared space is provided on the other surface side, and the slope is provided between the one surface and the other surface.

本発明に係る集合住宅の第1の構成によれば、建物の1階に設けられた介護対応室に段差なく連続し、同じく建物の1階に設けられたエレベータ室に段差なく連続する外廊下の床面を有するので、車椅子や要介護状態の高齢者が段差がない床面を介して1階では介護対応室と外廊下、2階の住人にとっては1階エレベータ室と外廊下の間を安全に障害なく通行できる。また、1階以外の階からでもエレベータを介して段差なしで介護対応室に出入りできる。
また、この集合住宅において、各戸の通常の玄関が共用スペースに面するので、日常生活で住民同士の交流が期待でき、要介護者が孤独にならず、プライバシーも確保された集合住宅とすることが出来る。
According to a first configuration of Housing according to the present invention, the outer corridor stepless continuously care corresponding chamber provided on the first floor of the building, also extending smoothly and continuously in the elevator chamber provided on the first floor of a building Because of the floor surface, elderly people in a wheelchair or needing care need to go through the floor where there is no step between the nursing care room and the outer corridor on the first floor, and for the residents on the second floor, between the first floor elevator room and the outer corridor. You can pass safely without any obstacles. In addition, even from floors other than the first floor, it is possible to enter and exit the nursing care room without steps through the elevator.
In addition, in this housing complex, the normal entrance of each house faces the common space, so interaction between residents can be expected in daily life, so that the care recipient is not lonely and privacy is ensured I can do it.

また、例えば、建物の周囲の一面に介護対応室の出入口に接続される第1の外廊下床面と、同じく建物の1階に設けられたエレベータ室への出入口に接続される第2の外廊下床面とを相互に連続した床面を配置すると共に、該建物の周囲の他面に通常の玄関を配置するようにすれば、介護者が建物の周囲の一面に配置された第1、第2の外廊下床面を相互に連続した床面からなる介護専用通路を通じて介護対応室に直接出入りできる。また、建物の周囲の他面に配置した通常の玄関は段差があっても良い。このように、日常的に使用する通常玄関と、訪問介護用玄関とを区別したことで夜間の訪問介護等で外部の人が出入りする場合の騒音やセキュリティ上の心配が抑えられる。 Also, for example, a first exterior corridor floor surface connected to the entrance of the nursing care room on one side of the building, and a second exterior connected to the entrance to the elevator room provided on the first floor of the building. When a floor surface that is continuous with the corridor floor surface is disposed and a normal entrance is disposed on the other surface around the building , the caregiver is arranged on the first surface around the building, The second corridor floor surface can directly enter and exit the nursing care room through a nursing care passage composed of floor surfaces continuous with each other. Moreover, the normal entrance arrange | positioned on the other surface around a building may have a level | step difference. In this way, the distinction between the normal entrance for daily use and the entrance for home care can suppress noise and security concerns when an outside person enters and exits during night home care.

このような集合住宅に入居するのに相応しい者としては、例えば、高齢者で現時点では元気で通常の玄関を使用できるが、将来、要介護になったときどうするか不安をかかえるような人に好適であり、要介護になったときにも介護対応型住宅に引越しをしなくても済むといった経済的効果もある。   As a person suitable for entering such an apartment house, for example, it is suitable for those who are elderly and can use the normal entrance at the moment, but are concerned about what to do when they need care in the future. In addition, there is an economic effect that it is not necessary to move to a nursing-friendly house when it is necessary to care.

また、例えば、建物の周囲の一面に介護対応室の出入口に接続される第1の外廊下床面と、同じく建物の1階に設けられたエレベータ室への出入口に接続される第2の外廊下床面とを相互に連続した床面と、通常の玄関の床面との間の段差をスロープを介して連結するようにすれば、要介護者の専用通路からスロープを介して日常的に使用する通常の玄関に行き来することが出来、要介護者と健常者の交流スペースをつなげて要介護者が孤独にならないような生活動線を確保することが出来る。 Also, for example, a first exterior corridor floor surface connected to the entrance of the nursing care room on one side of the building, and a second exterior connected to the entrance to the elevator room provided on the first floor of the building. If the level difference between the floor surface that is continuous with the corridor floor surface and the floor surface of the normal entrance is connected via a slope, it will be daily through the slope from the dedicated passage for the care recipient. You can go back and forth to the normal entrance to be used, and connect the space for caregivers and healthy people so that they can secure a lifeline that will not leave them alone.

また、例えば、建物の1階に設けられた介護対応室、エレベータ室への出入口に接続される第1、第2の外廊下と、建物面との間に設けられた溝部内に収容した換気用着脱自在通気ブロックや車椅子対応のサッシプレートなど用いた繋部材により建物の床下空間と溝部との間で換気口を介して換気可能に構成されるようにすれば、床下空間の換気が第1、第2の外廊下により阻害されることが無く、排水も可能である。 For example, the ventilation accommodated in the groove part provided between the nursing care room provided in the first floor of the building, the 1st, 2nd exterior corridor connected to the entrance to the elevator room, and the building surface if the connecting member using such use removable vent block and wheelchair sash plate so that the ventilated configured through the vent between the underfloor space and the groove of the building, ventilation underfloor space first The second outer corridor is not hindered and can be drained.

溝部内に収容した換気用着脱自在の繋部材の上面と第1、第2の外廊下床面とを同一高さに設定することで、繋部材を介して第1、第2の外廊下床面と、介護対応室やエレベータ室への出入口の床面との間で段差なく行き来が出来る。また、溝部に対して繋部材が着脱自在であるため清掃やメンテナンスが容易に出来る。   By setting the upper surface of the detachable connecting member for ventilation housed in the groove portion and the first and second outer corridor floor surfaces to the same height, the first and second outer corridor floors via the connecting member There is no step between the surface and the floor of the entrance to the care room or elevator room. Further, since the connecting member is detachable from the groove, cleaning and maintenance can be easily performed.

図により本発明に係る住宅及び集合住宅の一実施形態を具体的に説明する。図1及び図2は本発明に係る住宅及び集合住宅の1階及び2階の構成を示す平面図、図3は繋部材の1例である換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの周辺構造を説明する断面説明図、図4は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す分解斜視図、図5(a)は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す正面説明図、図5(b)は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す平面説明図、図5(c)は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す側面説明図、図6〜図8は他の繋部材の構成を示す断面説明図である。   An embodiment of a house and an apartment house according to the present invention will be specifically described with reference to the drawings. 1 and 2 are plan views showing configurations of the first floor and the second floor of the house and the apartment house according to the present invention, and FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view illustrating the peripheral structure of a ventilation removable block which is an example of a connecting member. FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view showing the configuration of the ventilation removable block, FIG. 5A is a front explanatory view showing the configuration of the ventilation removable ventilation block, and FIG. FIG. 5C is a side view illustrating the structure of the ventilation removable block, and FIGS. 6 to 8 are cross-sectional views illustrating the structure of other connecting members.

図1において、1階に3戸、2階に2戸が設けられた集合住宅建物17の各戸の1階にそれぞれ設けられた介護対応室1a,1b,1cの出入口には該出入口の床面に対して段差なく連続する第1の外廊下2a,2b,2cの床面が接続されている。また、集合住宅建物17の各戸の1階にそれぞれ設けられたエレベータ室3d,3eへの出入口には該出入口の床面に対して段差なく連続する第2の外廊下2d,2eの床面が接続されている。   In FIG. 1, the floors of the entrances and exits of the nursing care rooms 1 a, 1 b, and 1 c provided on the first floor of each house of the apartment house building 17 with 3 units on the first floor and 2 units on the second floor are shown. Are connected to the floor surfaces of the first outer corridors 2a, 2b, 2c which are continuous without any step. In addition, the floors of the second outer corridors 2d and 2e that are continuous to the floor of the entrance and exit are provided at the entrance to the elevator rooms 3d and 3e provided on the first floor of each house of the apartment building 17. It is connected.

第1、第2の外廊下2a,2b,2c,2d,2eの床面は同一高さに設定されており、相互に連続した外廊下2の床面として構成されている。   The floor surfaces of the first and second outer corridors 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, and 2e are set to the same height, and are configured as floor surfaces of the outer corridor 2 that are continuous with each other.

一方、図2に示すように、集合住宅建物17の各戸の2階にそれぞれ設けられた介護対応室1d,1eのエレベータ3からの出入口の床面は該エレベータ3の床面に対して段差なく連続して出入が可能に構成されている。   On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 2, the floors of the entrances and exits from the elevators 3 of the nursing care rooms 1 d and 1 e provided on the second floor of each unit of the apartment building 17 have no step with respect to the floors of the elevators 3. It is configured to allow continuous access.

集合住宅建物17の周囲の一面(図1の上方)には第1、第2の外廊下2a〜2eの床面を相互に連続した外廊下2の床面を配置すると共に、集合住宅建物17の周囲の他面(図1の下方)には日常的に使用される各戸の通常の玄関4a,4b,4c,4d,4eが配置される。   A floor surface of the outer corridor 2 in which the floor surfaces of the first and second outer corridors 2a to 2e are mutually connected is arranged on one surface (upper side of FIG. 1) of the apartment housing building 17, and the apartment housing building 17 On the other surface (lower part of FIG. 1) around the door, normal entrances 4a, 4b, 4c, 4d, and 4e of each door that are used on a daily basis are arranged.

図2に示す2階の各住戸へは通常の玄関4d,4eからそれぞれ階段5d,5eを介して出入りするか、外廊下2に段差なしで接続されたエレベータ室3d,3eからエレベータ3を介して出入りすることが出来る。   The entrances to the second floor shown in FIG. 2 enter and exit from the normal entrances 4d and 4e through the stairs 5d and 5e, respectively, or from the elevator rooms 3d and 3e connected to the outer corridor 2 without a step through the elevator 3. You can go in and out.

第1、第2の外廊下2a〜2eの床面を相互に連続した外廊下2の床面と、通常の玄関4a〜4eの床面を相互に連続した共用スペース4の床面との間には段差が設けられており、その段差はスロープ6を介して連結されている。   Between the floor surface of the outer corridor 2 in which the floor surfaces of the first and second outer corridors 2a to 2e are connected to each other and the floor surface of the common space 4 in which the floor surfaces of the normal entrances 4a to 4e are connected to each other Is provided with a step, and the step is connected via a slope 6.

図3に示すように、第1、第2の外廊下2a〜2eの床面を相互に連続した外廊下2と、集合住宅建物17面との間には、該集合住宅建物17の基礎7に設けられた換気口8の下面8aよりも低い高さを底面9aとした溝部9を設け、該溝部9内に収容した段差を解消しかつ換気口8を通気可能とする繋部材としての換気用着脱自在通気ブロック10により集合住宅建物17の床下空間11と溝部9との間で換気口8を介して換気可能に構成されている。   As shown in FIG. 3, the foundation 7 of the apartment building 17 is located between the outer corridor 2 in which the floor surfaces of the first and second outer corridors 2 a to 2 e are continuous with each other and the 17 apartment building. Ventilation as a connecting member that is provided with a groove portion 9 having a bottom surface 9a with a height lower than the lower surface 8a of the ventilation port 8 provided in the base, eliminates the step accommodated in the groove portion 9, and allows the ventilation port 8 to ventilate. The removable ventilation block 10 is configured to allow ventilation between the underfloor space 11 and the groove portion 9 of the apartment house building 17 through the ventilation port 8.

図4は繋部材となる換気用着脱自在通気ブロック10の構成を示す分解斜視図であり、図5(a)は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す正面説明図、図5(b)は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す平面説明図、図5(c)は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す側面説明図である。尚、図5(b),(c)ではボルト12、ナット13〜15を省略している。図4及び図5において、換気用着脱自在通気ブロック10は、底板10aと、該底板10aから起立した一対の側板10bと、該一対の側板10bを連結する連結板10cとを有して構成され、底板10a及び側板10bに所定のピッチで開口部が形成され、上部は開口されている。一対の側板10bの天部には断面L字形状の蓋受部10dが設けられており、該蓋受部10dによりグレーチング材等により構成された蓋部材10eが着脱自在に載置支持される。図中10fは通気ブロック10の長手方向両端部を閉塞すると共に該通気ブロック10を安定して自立させるための端板である。   FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view showing the structure of the ventilation detachable ventilation block 10 as a connecting member. FIG. 5A is a front explanatory view showing the structure of the ventilation detachable ventilation block, and FIG. FIG. 5C is an explanatory plan view showing the configuration of the ventilation removable block, and FIG. 5C is an explanatory side view showing the configuration of the ventilation removable block. In FIGS. 5B and 5C, the bolt 12 and the nuts 13 to 15 are omitted. 4 and 5, the detachable ventilation block 10 for ventilation includes a bottom plate 10a, a pair of side plates 10b standing from the bottom plate 10a, and a connecting plate 10c for connecting the pair of side plates 10b. The bottom plate 10a and the side plate 10b are formed with openings at a predetermined pitch, and the top is opened. A lid receiving portion 10d having an L-shaped cross section is provided at the top of the pair of side plates 10b, and a lid member 10e made of a grating material or the like is detachably mounted and supported by the lid receiving portion 10d. In the figure, reference numeral 10f denotes an end plate for closing the both ends in the longitudinal direction of the ventilation block 10 and stably allowing the ventilation block 10 to stand by itself.

換気用着脱自在通気ブロック10の底板10aには、貫通孔10a1が形成されており、該貫通孔10a1に下方から予めナット13が螺合されたボルト12が挿入される。ナット13の螺合位置は、換気用着脱自在通気ブロック10の高さが外廊下2の床面2fに一致する高さになるように設定される。そして、底板10aの上方からナット14をボルト12に螺合締結して底板10aにボルト12を固定する。ナット15はロックナットである。   A through hole 10a1 is formed in the bottom plate 10a of the detachable ventilation block 10 for ventilation, and a bolt 12 into which a nut 13 is screwed in advance is inserted into the through hole 10a1 from below. The screwing position of the nut 13 is set so that the height of the detachable ventilation block 10 for ventilation coincides with the floor surface 2 f of the outer corridor 2. Then, the nut 14 is screwed and fastened to the bolt 12 from above the bottom plate 10a to fix the bolt 12 to the bottom plate 10a. The nut 15 is a lock nut.

図3において、開口サッシ16を開放して建物17の屋内から屋外へバリアフリーで出入する場合、開口サッシ16と通気ブロック10との隙間が車椅子の車輪径で支障なく通れる場合は良いが、開口サッシ16と通気ブロック10との隙間が大きい場合には開口サッシ16側或いは通気ブロック10側に回動式等のサッシプレート18を設けて橋渡しすることでも良いし、開口サッシ16と通気ブロック10との隙間に別途、ブロック部材等を挿入して橋渡しすることも出来る。   In FIG. 3, when the opening sash 16 is opened and the building 17 enters and leaves the building indoors and outdoors, the clearance between the opening sash 16 and the ventilation block 10 can be passed through the wheel diameter of the wheelchair without any problem. When the gap between the sash 16 and the ventilation block 10 is large, it may be bridged by providing a rotating sash plate 18 on the opening sash 16 side or the ventilation block 10 side, or the opening sash 16 and the ventilation block 10 It is also possible to insert a block member or the like into the gap and bridge it.

図6は繋部材となる通気ブロック10側に回動式のサッシプレート18を設けて開口サッシ16との間に橋渡しする構成とした一例である。図7は溝部9の外廊下2側の壁面にプレート受具19が取り付けられており、該プレート受具19の天部19a側に回動式のサッシプレート18を設けて開口サッシ16との間に橋渡しする構成とした一例である。本実施形態では通気ブロック10を省略して、溝部9内に収容した段差を解消しかつ換気口8を通気可能とする繋部材はプレート受具19及びサッシプレート18により構成されるものである。   FIG. 6 shows an example in which a rotating sash plate 18 is provided on the side of the ventilation block 10 serving as a connecting member and bridged between the opening sash 16. In FIG. 7, a plate holder 19 is attached to the wall surface of the groove 9 on the side of the outer corridor 2. This is an example of a configuration that bridges to. In this embodiment, the ventilation block 10 is omitted, and the connecting member that eliminates the step accommodated in the groove 9 and allows the ventilation port 8 to ventilate is constituted by the plate holder 19 and the sash plate 18.

図8は外廊下2を嵩上げデッキ20により構成したものであり、溝部9内では繋部材となる嵩上げデッキ21の脚部21aを継ぎ足したものである。本実施形態では、溝部9内に収容した段差を解消しかつ換気口8を通気可能とする繋部材は建物側の嵩上げデッキ21により構成されるものである。なお、屋外側の嵩上げデッキ20は外廊下2を構成する。   In FIG. 8, the outer corridor 2 is constituted by the raised deck 20, and the legs 21 a of the raised deck 21 serving as a connecting member are added in the groove portion 9. In this embodiment, the connecting member that eliminates the step accommodated in the groove 9 and allows the ventilation port 8 to ventilate is constituted by the raised deck 21 on the building side. The raised deck 20 on the outdoor side constitutes the outer corridor 2.

健常高齢者は日常生活においては、共用スペース4を通って通常玄関4a〜4eを使用して各住戸へ出入する。また、高齢者が要介護状態になったり、体が弱り、段差があるところの通行に支障が出た場合には、共用スペース4からスロープ6を通って外廊下2から、住戸が1階であれば各介護対応室1a,1b,1cに段差なく直接出入することが出来、住戸が2階以上であればエレベータ室3d,3eを通じてエレベータ3により各介護対応室1d,1eに段差なく直接出入りすることが出来る。   Healthy elderly people enter and exit each dwelling unit through the common space 4 and using the normal entrances 4a to 4e in daily life. In addition, when elderly people need nursing care, their bodies are weak, and there are obstacles to traffic where there are steps, the slopes 6 from the common space 4 through the outer corridor 2, the dwelling unit is located on the first floor If there is, you can go directly into and out of each nursing care room 1a, 1b, 1c, and if there is a dwelling unit on the second floor or higher, you can go directly into and out of each nursing care room 1d, 1e by the elevator 3 through the elevator rooms 3d, 3e. I can do it.

上記構成によれば、共用スペース4からスロープ6、外廊下2を介して各介護対応室1a〜1eに至るまで段差がない状態で出入が出来るので、戸建住宅或いは集合住宅でも高齢者が安心して持続的に住まい続けることが出来る。   According to the above configuration, it is possible to enter and exit without any step from the common space 4 through the slope 6 and the outer corridor 2 to the nursing care rooms 1a to 1e. You can live in a sustainable manner.

また、建物17の1階に設けられた介護対応室1a〜1cの出入口に接続される第1の外廊下2a〜2cの床面と、同じく建物17の1階に設けられたエレベータ室3d,3eへの出入口に接続される第2の外廊下2d,2eの床面とが同一高さで相互に連続した床面として構成したことで車椅子や要介護状態の高齢者が段差がない床面を介して各介護対応室1a〜1cとエレベータ室3d,3eとの間を安全に障害なく通行できる。また、1階以外の階からでもエレベータ3を介して段差なしで介護対応室1d,1eに出入りできる。   The floors of the first outer corridors 2a to 2c connected to the entrances and exits of the nursing care rooms 1a to 1c provided on the first floor of the building 17 and the elevator room 3d provided on the first floor of the building 17 are also provided. The floor surface of the second outer corridor 2d, 2e connected to the entrance to 3e is the same height as the floor surface that is continuous with each other. It is possible to safely pass between the nursing care rooms 1a to 1c and the elevator rooms 3d and 3e without any obstacles. In addition, it is possible to enter and exit the nursing care rooms 1d and 1e from the floors other than the first floor through the elevator 3 without any step.

また、建物17の周囲の一面に介護対応室1a〜1cの出入口に接続される第1の外廊下2a〜2cの床面と、同じく建物17の1階に設けられたエレベータ室3d,3eへの出入口に接続される第2の外廊下2d,2eの床面とを相互に連続した床面を配置すると共に、該建物17の周囲の他面に通常玄関4a〜4eを配置したことで、介護者が建物17の周囲の一面に配置された第1、第2の外廊下2a〜2eの床面を相互に連続した床面からなる介護専用通路を通じて各介護対応室1a〜1eに直接出入りできる。また、建物17の周囲の他面に配置した通常玄関4a〜4eは段差があっても良い。このように、日常的に使用する通常玄関4a〜4eと、訪問介護用玄関とを区別したことで夜間の訪問介護等で外部の人が出入りする場合の騒音やセキュリティ上の心配が抑えられる。   In addition, the floor surface of the first outer corridors 2a to 2c connected to the entrances of the nursing care rooms 1a to 1c on one side of the building 17 and the elevator rooms 3d and 3e provided on the first floor of the building 17 are also provided. By arranging the floor surface that is continuous with the floor surface of the second outer corridors 2d and 2e connected to the entrance of the building, and arranging the normal entrances 4a to 4e on the other surface around the building 17, A caregiver directly enters and exits each nursing care room 1a to 1e through a dedicated care passage made up of the floors of the first and second outer corridors 2a to 2e arranged on one surface around the building 17. it can. Further, the normal entrances 4a to 4e arranged on the other surface around the building 17 may have steps. In this way, by distinguishing the normal entrances 4a to 4e that are used on a daily basis from the entrances for visiting care, noise and security concerns when an outside person enters and exits during visiting care at night can be suppressed.

また、建物17の周囲の一面に介護対応室1a〜1cの出入口に接続される第1の外廊下2a〜2cの床面と、同じく建物17の1階に設けられたエレベータ室3d,3eへの出入口に接続される第2の外廊下2d,2eの床面とを相互に連続した床面と、通常玄関4a〜4eの床面との間の段差をスロープ6を介して連結したことで、要介護者の専用通路からスロープ6を介して日常的に使用する通常玄関4a〜4eに行き来することが出来、要介護者と健常者の交流スペースをつなげて要介護者が孤独にならないような生活動線を確保することが出来る。   In addition, the floor surface of the first outer corridors 2a to 2c connected to the entrances of the nursing care rooms 1a to 1c on one side of the building 17 and the elevator rooms 3d and 3e provided on the first floor of the building 17 are also provided. By connecting a step between the floor surface of the second outer corridors 2d and 2e connected to the entrance of the main entrance to the floor surface of the normal entrances 4a to 4e via the slope 6 It is possible to go to the normal entrances 4a to 4e that are used daily through the slope 6 from the dedicated passage of the care recipient, and to connect the care recipient and the healthy person so that the care recipient does not become lonely A safe line of activity.

また、建物17の1階に設けられた介護対応室1a〜1c、エレベータ室3d,3eへの出入口に接続される第1、第2の外廊下2a〜2eと、建物17面との間に設けられた溝部9内に収容した繋部材としての換気用着脱自在通気ブロック10、プレート受具19、サッシプレート18、嵩上げデッキ21等により建物17の床下空間11と溝部9との間で換気口8を介して換気可能に構成されたことで、床下空間11の換気が第1、第2の外廊下2a〜2eにより阻害されることが無く、排水も可能である。   Also, between the first and second outer corridors 2a to 2e connected to the entrances to the nursing care rooms 1a to 1c and the elevator rooms 3d and 3e provided on the first floor of the building 17, and the surface of the building 17 A ventilation opening between the underfloor space 11 of the building 17 and the groove portion 9 by a removable ventilation block 10 for ventilation as a connecting member housed in the provided groove portion 9, a plate holder 19, a sash plate 18, a raised deck 21, etc. By being configured to be able to ventilate via 8, the ventilation of the underfloor space 11 is not hindered by the first and second outer corridors 2a to 2e, and drainage is also possible.

溝部9内に収容した繋部材としての換気用着脱自在通気ブロック10、プレート受具19、サッシプレート18、嵩上げデッキ21等のそれぞれの上面と第1、第2の外廊下2a〜2eの床面2fとを同一高さに設定することで、換気用着脱自在通気ブロック10、プレート受具19、サッシプレート18、嵩上げデッキ21等を介して第1、第2の外廊下2a〜2eの床面2fと、介護対応室1a〜1cやエレベータ室3d,3eへの出入口の床面との間で段差なく行き来が出来る。また、溝部9に対して通気ブロック10や嵩上げデッキ21が着脱自在であるため清掃やメンテナンスが容易に出来る。   Removable ventilation block 10 for ventilation as a connecting member housed in groove 9, the upper surface of plate holder 19, sash plate 18, raising deck 21, etc. and the floor surface of first and second outer corridors 2 a to 2 e By setting 2f to the same height, the floor surface of the first and second outer corridors 2a to 2e through the removable removable ventilation block 10, the plate holder 19, the sash plate 18, the raised deck 21, etc. It is possible to go back and forth between 2f and the floors at the entrances to the nursing care rooms 1a to 1c and the elevator rooms 3d and 3e. Moreover, since the ventilation block 10 and the raising deck 21 are detachable with respect to the groove part 9, cleaning and maintenance can be performed easily.

また、各戸の通常玄関4a〜4eが共用スペース4に面したことで、日常生活で住民同士の交流が期待でき、要介護者が孤独にならず、プライバシーも確保された集合住宅とすることが出来る。   In addition, since the normal entrances 4a to 4e of each door face the common space 4, it is possible to expect exchange between residents in daily life, and to make a housing complex where care recipients are not lonely and privacy is ensured. I can do it.

本発明の活用例として、高齢者介護に有利な住宅及び集合住宅に適用することが出来る。   As an application example of the present invention, the present invention can be applied to houses and apartment houses that are advantageous for elderly care.

本発明に係る住宅及び集合住宅の1階の構成を示す平面図である。It is a top view which shows the structure of the 1st floor of the house which concerns on this invention, and an apartment house. 本発明に係る住宅及び集合住宅の2階の構成を示す平面図である。It is a top view which shows the structure of the 2nd floor of the house and apartment house which concern on this invention. 換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの周辺構造を説明する断面説明図である。It is sectional explanatory drawing explaining the periphery structure of the removable ventilation block for ventilation. 換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the structure of the removable ventilation block for ventilation. (a)は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す正面説明図、(b)は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す平面説明図、(c)は換気用着脱自在通気ブロックの構成を示す側面説明図である。(A) is front explanatory drawing which shows the structure of the detachable ventilation block for ventilation, (b) is plane explanatory drawing which shows the structure of the detachable ventilation block for ventilation, (c) shows the structure of the detachable ventilation block for ventilation. FIG. 他の繋部材の構成を示す断面説明図である。It is a section explanatory view showing the composition of other connecting members. 他の繋部材の構成を示す断面説明図である。It is a section explanatory view showing the composition of other connecting members. 他の繋部材の構成を示す断面説明図である。It is a section explanatory view showing the composition of other connecting members.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1a〜1e…介護対応室
2…外廊下
2a〜2c…第1の外廊下
2d,2e…第2の外廊下
2f…床面
3…エレベータ
3d,3e…エレベータ室
4…共用スペース
4a〜4e…通常玄関
5d,5e…階段
6…スロープ
7…基礎
8…換気口
8a…下面
9…溝部
9a…底面
10…換気用着脱自在通気ブロック
10a…底板
10a1…貫通孔
10b…側板
10c…連結板
10d…蓋受部
10e…蓋部材
10f…端板
11…床下空間
12…ボルト
13〜15…ナット
16…開口サッシ
17…建物
18…サッシプレート
19…プレート受具
19a…天部
20…嵩上げデッキ
21…繋部材となる嵩上げデッキ
21a…脚部
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1a-1e ... Nursing care room 2 ... Exterior corridor 2a-2c ... 1st exterior corridor 2d, 2e ... 2nd exterior corridor 2f ... Floor surface 3 ... Elevator 3d, 3e ... Elevator room 4 ... Shared space 4a-4e ... Normal entrance 5d, 5e ... Staircase 6 ... Slope 7 ... Foundation 8 ... Ventilation port 8a ... Bottom 9 ... Groove 9a ... Bottom
10 ... Removable ventilation block for ventilation
10a ... Bottom plate
10a1 ... through hole
10b ... side plate
10c ... Connecting plate
10d ... Lid receiving part
10e ... Lid member
10f ... end plate
11… Underfloor space
12 ... Bolt
13-15 ... Nut
16 ... Open sash
17… Building
18 ... Sash plate
19 ... Plate holder
19a ... Heaven
20 ... Raised deck
21 ... Raised deck as a connecting member
21a ... Leg

Claims (2)

通常の玄関と介護対応室とを有する1階住戸と、建物の1階に設けられた通常の玄関とエレベータ室とを有する2階住戸と、を備えた集合住宅であり、
前記介護対応室に直接出入りする出入口を介して、前記介護対応室の床面に対して段差なく連続し、前記建物の1階に設けられた前記エレベータ室に直接出入りする出入口を介して、前記エレベータ室の床面に対して段差なく連続する外廊下の床面と、
前記通常の玄関が面する共用スペースと、
前記外廊下の床面と前記共用スペースとを連結するスロープとを備えたことを特徴とする集合住宅。
A first-floor dwelling unit having a normal entrance and a nursing care room, and a second-floor dwelling unit having a normal entrance and an elevator room provided on the first floor of the building,
The care corresponding chamber via directly out to the entrance to the care stepless continuously against the corresponding chamber of the floor surface, before SL via the direct out to entrance into the elevator chamber provided on the first floor of the building, The floor surface of the outer corridor continuous without a step with respect to the floor surface of the elevator room ,
A common space facing the normal entrance;
An apartment house comprising a slope connecting the floor of the outer corridor and the shared space.
前記建物の周囲は、一方の面と、前記一方の面の反対側である他方の面とを有し、前記外廊下は前記一方の面側に設けられ、前記共用スペースは前記他方の面側に設けられ、前記スロープは前記一方の面と前記他方の面との間に設けられていることを特徴とする請求項1記載の集合住宅。  The periphery of the building has one surface and the other surface opposite to the one surface, the outer corridor is provided on the one surface side, and the shared space is on the other surface side The apartment house according to claim 1, wherein the slope is provided between the one surface and the other surface.
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