JP4821204B2 - Lighting device, image display device, and projector - Google Patents

Lighting device, image display device, and projector Download PDF

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JP4821204B2
JP4821204B2 JP2005213494A JP2005213494A JP4821204B2 JP 4821204 B2 JP4821204 B2 JP 4821204B2 JP 2005213494 A JP2005213494 A JP 2005213494A JP 2005213494 A JP2005213494 A JP 2005213494A JP 4821204 B2 JP4821204 B2 JP 4821204B2
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light
surface
optical element
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laser light
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JP2007033577A (en
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泰介 山内
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セイコーエプソン株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an illumination device, an image display device, and a projector.

In a projection-type image display device (projector) that projects color light including image information generated by a spatial light modulation device such as a liquid crystal device on a screen using a projection system, a technique using a laser as a light source has been proposed.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-64789 JP 2000-162548 A

  When a predetermined optical system is used to illuminate the incident surface of the spatial light modulator with a uniform illuminance distribution using laser light, the size and complexity of the device or the cost of the device may increase depending on the configuration of the optical system. there is a possibility. In addition, depending on the configuration of the optical system, there is a possibility that the light use efficiency and the like are reduced.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and an object of the present invention is to provide an illumination device that can efficiently illuminate a predetermined surface while suppressing an increase in size and complexity of the device or an increase in device cost. Another object of the present invention is to provide an image display device that displays an image using light illuminated by an illumination device, and a projector.

  In order to solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following configuration.

According to a first aspect of the present invention, a plurality of laser light source devices that emit laser light and laser light emitted from each of the plurality of laser light source devices are incident and the plurality of incident laser beams An illuminating device that illuminates the first surface with the diffused light, and a diffusion optical element that diffuses the light collected by the condensing optical system and generates diffused light Provided.
According to a first aspect of the present invention, a plurality of laser light source devices that emit laser light and laser light emitted from each of the plurality of laser light source devices are incident and the plurality of incident laser beams A condensing optical system comprising a plurality of diffractive optical elements for condensing the light, and a diffusing optical element for diffusing the light collected by the condensing optical system to generate diffused light, A plurality of illumination devices are provided so as to correspond to each of the plurality of laser light source devices, and illuminate the first surface with the diffused light.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to efficiently illuminate the first surface with high illuminance while suppressing an increase in size and complexity of the device or an increase in device cost. Moreover, generation | occurrence | production of a speckle pattern can be suppressed and the 1st surface can be illuminated by substantially uniform illumination intensity distribution.

  In the illuminating device of the present invention, the condensing optical system may employ a configuration that generates a pseudo point light source. As a result, the etendue can be reduced, and the illumination area can be favorably illuminated with a simple configuration. Here, etendue is a numerical value represented by the product of the area and the solid angle, which is a spatial extent in which a luminous flux that can be effectively utilized exists, and is optically stored.

  In the illuminating device of the present invention, it is possible to adopt a configuration in which the diffusing optical element is provided substantially at the focal position of the condensing optical system. Thereby, the light turned into a point light source can be efficiently diffused.

  In the illuminating device of the present invention, the condensing optical system may employ a configuration including a refractive lens, or may include a configuration including a diffractive optical element.

  In the illuminating device of the present invention, the diffusing optical element may employ a configuration including a scattering member that scatters irradiated light. The scattering member can employ a configuration including a base material that transmits light and fine particles on the base material, and the scattering member can also include a configuration including an optical member having a rough surface. . Alternatively, the diffusing optical element can employ a configuration including a diffractive optical element.

  In the illuminating device of the present invention, the diffractive optical element may employ a configuration for setting an illumination area on the first surface. Thereby, an illumination area | region can be illuminated efficiently.

  In the illumination device according to the aspect of the invention, it is possible to employ a configuration including a collimating optical system that is provided between the diffusing optical element and the first surface and collimates the diffused light generated by the diffusing optical element. it can. Thereby, the incident angle of the light with respect to the 1st surface can be made small, and the 1st surface can be illuminated efficiently.

  In the illuminating device of the present invention, the collimating optical system may employ a configuration including an axial target lens that is rotationally symmetric with respect to the optical axis. Thereby, the number of parts of the lighting device can be suppressed and the light can be collimated well.

  In the illuminating device of the present invention, the collimating optical system may employ a configuration including a cylindrical lens. Thereby, light can be collimated well.

  In the illuminating device of the present invention, the cylindrical lens may adopt a configuration for setting an illumination area on the first surface. Thereby, an illumination area | region can be illuminated efficiently.

  In the illumination device of the present invention, a configuration in which a plurality of cylindrical lenses are provided so that tangents of curved surfaces having a lens action intersect each other can be adopted. Thereby, the illumination area can be set to a predetermined shape such as a rectangular shape.

  In the illumination device of the present invention, a configuration including an illumination area setting optical system for setting an illumination area on the first surface can be employed. Thereby, an illumination area | region can be illuminated efficiently.

  In the illumination device of the present invention, the illumination area setting optical system may employ a configuration including a diffractive optical element, or may include a configuration including a cylindrical lens.

  In the illuminating device of the present invention, the plurality of laser light source devices may employ a configuration arranged in an array. Thereby, the first surface can be efficiently illuminated with high illuminance.

  In the illumination device of the present invention, the first surface can employ a configuration including image information. Thereby, an image can be displayed with the light which illuminated the 1st surface.

  According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an image display device that is illuminated by the above-described illumination device and displays an image by light through the first surface.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to suppress an increase in size and complexity of an apparatus or an increase in apparatus cost, and to form a high-brightness and good image.

  In the image display device of the present invention, the first surface may include a light incident surface of a spatial light modulator that modulates the illuminated light in accordance with an image signal. The spatial light modulation device can employ a configuration including a liquid crystal device. Thereby, a desired image can be displayed.

  According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a projector including the above-described image display device and including a projection system that projects light including image information via the first surface onto the second surface.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to suppress an increase in size and complexity of an apparatus or an increase in apparatus cost, and to form a high-brightness and good image.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In the following description, an XYZ orthogonal coordinate system is set as necessary, and the positional relationship of each member will be described with reference to this XYZ orthogonal coordinate system.

<First Embodiment>
A first embodiment will be described. FIG. 1 is a schematic configuration diagram illustrating an illumination device according to the first embodiment. In FIG. 1, an illuminating device 1 illuminates a first surface 11 of a predetermined member 10, and is emitted from each of a plurality of laser light source devices 2 that emit laser light L1 and a plurality of laser light source devices 2. The incident laser beam L1 is incident, and the condensing optical system 3 that condenses the incident laser beams L1 and the light condensed by the condensing optical system 3 are diffused to generate diffused light L2. The first optical surface 11 is illuminated with the diffused light L2. Between the diffusing optical element 4 and the first surface 11, a collimating optical system 5 for collimating the diffused light L2 generated by the diffusing optical element 4 is provided. The first surface 11 is illuminated with the diffused light L2 collimated at 5.

  The plurality of laser light source devices 2 are arranged in an array. In the example shown in FIG. 1, a plurality of laser light source devices 2 are provided side by side in a one-dimensional direction (X-axis direction). The light emission surface of the laser light source device 2 faces the + Z side, and each laser light source device 2 emits the laser light L1 in the + Z direction.

  The condensing optical system 3 includes a geometrical optical lens such as a refractive lens, condenses a plurality of incident laser beams L1, and generates a pseudo point light source at the focal position. As the condensing optical system 3, a Fresnel lens may be used.

  The diffusing optical element 4 diffuses the light collected by the condensing optical system 3 to generate diffused light L2, and is provided at a substantially focal position of the condensing optical system 3. In the present embodiment, the diffusing optical element 4 includes a scattering member that scatters the irradiated light.

  FIG. 2 is a view showing an example of the scattering member (diffusing optical element) 4. The scattering member 4 includes a base material 4A that transmits light and fine particles 4B on the base material 4A. The base material 4A that transmits light is made of, for example, a transparent synthetic resin film-like member or a glass plate-like member such as quartz. A plurality of fine particles 4B having different refractive indexes are bonded to the base material 4A via a binder 4C. The light applied to the scattering member 4 is converted into diffused light (scattered light) by passing through the scattering member 4.

  FIG. 3 is a view showing another example of the scattering member (diffusing optical element) 4. The scattering member 4 is configured by an optical member 4D having a rough surface. The optical member 4D is made of a plate member made of glass such as quartz that can transmit light. The light applied to the scattering member 4 is converted into diffused light (scattered light) by passing through the scattering member 4.

  Returning to FIG. 1, the collimating optical system 5 collimates the diffused light L2 generated by the diffusing optical element 4, and is rotationally symmetric with respect to the optical axis of, for example, a spherical lens or an aspherical lens. It is configured to include a simple axis target lens.

  FIG. 4 is a schematic configuration diagram illustrating an image display device including the illumination device 1 (1R, 1G, 1B) according to the present embodiment. In the present embodiment, a projection type image display device (projector) that projects color light including image information generated by a spatial light modulator on a screen via a projection system will be described as an example of the image display device.

  In FIG. 4, the projection type image display device PJ includes a projection unit U that projects light including image information on a screen 100 (second surface). An image is formed on the screen 100 by projecting light from the projection unit U onto the screen 100. The projection type image display device PJ of the present embodiment uses the screen 100 as a transmission screen and projects light including image information onto the screen 100 from the front side of the screen 100.

  The projection unit U includes a first illumination device 1R that can illuminate the first surface with the first basic color light (red light), and a second illumination device that can illuminate the first surface with the second basic color light (green light). 1G, a third illuminating device 1B capable of illuminating the first surface with the third basic color light (blue light), and an incident surface (first surface) 11 illuminated by the first illuminating device 1R. The first spatial light modulation device 10R that modulates light according to image information and the incident surface (first surface) 11 illuminated by the second illumination device 1G, and the illuminated light according to image information And a second spatial light modulation device 10G that modulates light and an incident surface (first surface) 11 that is illuminated by the third illumination device 1B and that modulates the illuminated light in accordance with image information. A color synthesizing system 12 that synthesizes the basic color light modulated by the light modulation device 10B and the spatial light modulation devices 10R, 10G, and 10B. The light generated by the color synthesizing system 12 and a projection system 13 for projecting on the screen 100. Each of the spatial light modulation devices 10R, 10G, and 10B includes a liquid crystal device. In the following description, the spatial light modulator is appropriately referred to as a light valve.

  The light valve includes an incident-side polarizing plate, a panel having a liquid crystal sealed between a pair of glass substrates, and an emission-side polarizing plate. A pixel electrode and an alignment film are provided on the glass substrate. The light valve constituting the spatial light modulator transmits only light in a predetermined vibration direction, and the basic color light incident on the light valve is light-modulated by passing through the light valve.

  The plurality of laser light source devices 2 of the first illumination device 1R each emit red (R) laser light. The first illumination device 1R condenses a plurality of red laser beams by the condensing optical system 3, and then generates diffused light by the diffusing optical element 4, and enters the first light valve 10R with the generated diffused light. Illuminate the surface 11.

  The plurality of laser light source devices 2 of the second illumination device 1G each emit green (G) laser light. The second illuminating device 1G condenses a plurality of green laser beams by the condensing optical system 3, and then generates diffused light by the diffusing optical element 4, and the incident light of the second light valve 10G is generated by the generated diffused light. Illuminate the surface 11.

  The plurality of laser light source devices 2 of the third illumination device 1B each emit blue (B) laser light. The third illuminating device 1B condenses a plurality of blue laser beams by the condensing optical system 3, and then generates diffused light by the diffusing optical element 4, and enters the third light valve 10B with the generated diffused light. Illuminate the surface 11.

  Each basic color light (modulated light) modulated by passing through each light valve 10R, 10G, 10B is synthesized by the color synthesis system 12. The color synthesis system 12 is configured by a dichroic prism, and the red light (R), the green light (G), and the blue light (B) are synthesized by the color synthesis system 12 and become full-color synthesized light. Full-color synthesized light emitted from the color synthesis system 12 is supplied to the projection system 13. The projection system 13 projects full-color synthesized light on the screen 100. The projection system 13 is a so-called enlargement system that enlarges an image on the incident side and projects it on the screen 100.

  The projection unit U projects full-color composite light including image information via the light valves 10R, 10G, and 10B illuminated by the lighting devices 1R, 1G, and 1B onto the screen 100 using the projection system 13. As a result, a full-color image is formed on the screen 100. The viewer appreciates the image projected on the screen 100 by the projection unit U.

  As described above, according to the illuminating device 1 of the present embodiment, an increase in size and complexity of the device or an increase in device cost is suppressed, and the first surface (light valve incident surface) 11 is distributed with a uniform illuminance distribution. It can be illuminated efficiently. That is, when an optical system such as a rod integrator or a fly-eye lens is used to illuminate the first surface with a uniform illuminance distribution using laser light emitted from a laser light source device, the number of parts increases or optical There is a possibility that the system will be complicated and the whole apparatus will be enlarged and complicated. Moreover, there is a possibility that the cost of the apparatus is increased due to an increase in the number of parts and the use of expensive parts such as a rod integrator. Furthermore, there is a risk that light utilization efficiency and the like will be reduced, such as Fresnel reflection loss generated from the interface of each optical element. In the present embodiment, since relatively inexpensive optical elements are used and the number of parts is reduced, the first surface 11 can be efficiently illuminated by suppressing an increase in size and complexity of the device or an increase in device cost. be able to. In addition, since the plurality of laser light source devices 2 are provided, the amount of light (illuminance) on the first surface 11 can be increased. Then, by displaying an image with light through the first surface (light valve incident surface) 11 illuminated by the illumination device 1, it is possible to realize high brightness and high contrast of the image.

  Further, since a laser light source device is used as a light source, polarized light can be emitted, and compared with a configuration using a white light source such as an ultra-high pressure mercury lamp as a light source, a polarization separation element (polarization beam splitter) In addition, components such as a color separation element (dichroic mirror) can be omitted. Further, since laser light (basic color light) in a narrow wavelength band is emitted, good color reproducibility can be obtained when an image is displayed using the laser light. In addition, since the liquid crystal device (light valve) is not irradiated with ultraviolet light, deterioration of the light valve can be suppressed.

  Moreover, in this embodiment, since the illuminating device 1 is provided with the several laser light source device 2, generation | occurrence | production of a speckle pattern can also be suppressed. A speckle pattern is a speckle pattern with high contrast that occurs in space when a scattered surface (diffuse light) is observed by irradiating a scattering surface containing a rough surface or an inhomogeneous medium with coherent light such as laser light. Say a pattern. Scattered light (diffused light) generated at each point on the scattering surface interferes with each other in a random phase relationship, resulting in a complicated interference pattern, which may illuminate the first surface 11 with a non-uniform illumination distribution. is there. In the present embodiment, the illumination device 1 includes a plurality of laser light source devices 2 and the laser beams emitted from the plurality of laser light source devices 2 are incoherent with each other. The first surface 11 is illuminated with light having Therefore, by superimposing the diffused light based on each laser beam on the first surface 11, the apparent speckle pattern can be reduced and the illuminance distribution on the first surface 11 can be made substantially uniform. Therefore, the image display device PJ can display an image with small luminance unevenness (illuminance unevenness).

  Moreover, the illuminating device 1 of this embodiment is generating the pseudo | simulated point light source with the condensing optical system 3. FIG. Thereby, etendue can be made small and the 1st surface (incident surface of a light valve) 11 can be favorably illuminated with a simple configuration. Etendue is a numerical value represented by the product of the area and the solid angle, and is stored optically. If the light bulb is miniaturized and the etendue of the light bulb becomes small, the etendue of the light source needs to be equal or less. The illumination device 1 of the present embodiment can generate a small light source (point light source) from a plurality of laser beams by the condensing optical system 3. In this embodiment, laser light with high straightness is used, and an ideal point light source can be generated from a plurality of laser lights.

  Moreover, since the illuminating device 1 of the present embodiment includes the collimating optical system 5 between the diffusing optical element 4 and the first surface 11, for example, the first surface 11 can be vertically illuminated. The incident angle of the light with respect to the 1st surface 11 can be made small, and the 1st surface 11 can be illuminated efficiently. And the number of components of the illuminating device 11 can be suppressed by employ | adopting the axis | shaft object lens rotationally symmetric with respect to an optical axis as the collimating optical system 11. FIG.

Second Embodiment
A second embodiment will be described. In the following description, the same or equivalent components as those of the above-described embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is simplified or omitted.

  FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating the lighting device 1 according to the second embodiment. In FIG. 5, the illumination device 1 includes a plurality of laser light source devices 2. The plurality of laser light source devices 2 are arranged in an array, and in the present embodiment, a plurality of laser light source devices 2 are provided side by side in the two-dimensional direction (XY direction). The light emission surface of the laser light source device 2 faces the + Z side, and each laser light source device 2 emits the laser light L1 in the + Z direction. The laser light L1 emitted from each laser light source device 2 is condensed by the condensing optical system 3, diffused by the diffusion optical element 4, and parallelized by the collimating optical system 5, and then the first surface 11. Illuminated.

  As described above, the light emission surface of the laser light source device 2 may be arranged in a two-dimensional direction. By doing so, the amount of light can be increased, and the first surface 11 can be illuminated with high illuminance. The illumination device 1 illuminates the first surface (including the incident surface of the light valve) 11 including the image information, so that the image display device PJ can display a high-luminance image.

<Third Embodiment>
A third embodiment will be described. A characteristic part of this embodiment is that a diffractive optical element is used as the diffusing optical element 4.

  FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating the lighting device 1 according to the third embodiment. In FIG. 6, the illuminating device 1 receives a plurality of laser light source devices 2 and laser light L1 emitted from each of the plurality of laser light source devices 2, and condenses the plurality of laser light L1 incident thereon. And a diffusing optical element 4 including a diffractive optical element 4K that diffuses light collected by the condensing optical system 3 to generate diffused light L2. The diffractive optical element 4K is supported by the support member 4B. A collimating optical system 5 is provided between the diffusing optical element 4 and the first surface 11.

  7A and 7B are schematic views showing an example of the diffractive optical element 4K. FIG. 7A is a plan view, and FIG. 7B is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA in FIG. The diffractive optical element shown in FIG. 7 has a plurality of rectangular recesses (uneven structure) 4M on its surface. The recesses 4M have different depths. In addition, the plurality of convex portions between the concave portions 4M have different heights. Then, by appropriately adjusting the surface condition of the diffractive optical element 4K including the pitch d between the concave parts 4M and the depth t (height of the convex part) of the concave parts 4M, the light irradiated on the diffractive optical element 4K is diffused. Can be made. In other words, by optimizing the surface conditions including the pitch d between the recesses 4M and the depth t of the recesses 4M, the diffractive optical element 4K can have a function as a diffusion optical element. When the values of the pitch d between the recesses 4M and the depth t of the recesses 4M are made different for each of a plurality of regions on the surface of the diffractive optical element 4K, the surface conditions of the diffractive optical element 4K are formed. The distribution of the pitch d between the recesses 4M and the distribution of the depth t of the recesses 4M are also included. As a design method for optimizing the surface condition including the pitch d of the recesses 4M and the depth t of the recesses 4M, a predetermined calculation method (simulation method) such as an iterative Fourier method is exemplified. Then, by optimizing the surface conditions of the diffractive optical element 4K, it is possible to form the diffractive optical element 4K having a desired function (diffused light generation function).

  The diffractive optical element 4K is not limited to the one having the rectangular recess 4M, and may be a diffractive optical element having a surface in which planes facing different directions are combined. For example, the diffractive optical element 4K may have a triangular recess having a slope as shown in FIG. Further, the diffractive optical element 4K may have a region having a rectangular recess as shown in FIG. 7 and a region having a triangular recess as shown in FIG. . Then, by optimizing the surface conditions, the diffractive optical element 4K having a desired function can be formed.

  Here, an example of a method for manufacturing the diffractive optical element 4K will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 9A, after a resist is coated on a quartz substrate, the resist is patterned by irradiating the resist with an electron beam by an electron beam drawing apparatus. Next, by performing an etching process, a mold made of quartz is formed as shown in FIG. 9B. And the board | substrate and mold for forming a diffractive optical element, such as a synthetic resin film-like member, are heated more than the glass transition temperature of a board | substrate. Next, as shown in FIG. 9C, the substrate and the mold are pressed and held for a certain period of time. Thereafter, the substrate and the mold are cooled below the glass transition temperature of the substrate, and the substrate and the mold are separated. As a result, as shown in FIG. 9D, a synthetic resin-made diffractive optical element having a desired shape is formed. Thus, in this embodiment, after forming a mold (mold), the diffractive optical element is formed by a so-called nanoimprint technique in which the shape of the mold is thermally transferred to the substrate.

  Note that the method of manufacturing a diffractive optical element described here is an example, and any method can be used as long as a diffractive optical element having a desired shape can be manufactured.

  FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram showing the first surface 11 illuminated by the illumination device 1 including the diffractive optical element 4K. As shown in FIG. 10, the illumination device 1 including the diffractive optical element 4 </ b> K can set an illumination area LA on the first surface 11. Specifically, the illumination device 1 including the diffractive optical element 4K can set at least one of the size and shape of the illumination area LA on the first surface 11. In the present embodiment, the illumination device 1 including the diffractive optical element 4K sets the illumination area LA to a rectangular shape (rectangular shape). The first surface (incident surface of the light valve) 11 of this embodiment is rectangular, and the illumination device 1 including the diffractive optical element 4K has an illumination area LA corresponding to the first surface (incident surface of the light valve) 11. Set. The size and shape of the illumination area LA can be set by appropriately adjusting the surface conditions of the diffractive optical element 4K (such as the pitch d between the recesses 4M and the depth t of the recesses 4M). In other words, by optimizing the surface conditions including the pitch d between the recesses 4M and the depth t of the recesses 4M, the diffractive optical element 4K can have a function as an illumination area setting optical system. As a design method for optimizing the surface condition of the diffractive optical element 4K, a predetermined calculation method such as the above-described iterative Fourier method may be mentioned. Then, by optimizing the surface conditions of the diffractive optical element 4K, the diffractive optical element 4K having a desired function (illumination area setting function) can be formed.

  That is, the diffractive optical element 4K of the present embodiment has both the diffused light generation function and the illumination area setting function, and the pitch d between the recesses 4M and the depth of the recesses 4M so as to have these functions. Surface conditions including t have been optimized.

  In the present embodiment, the diffractive optical element 4K has the illumination area LA set in a rectangular shape. However, by optimizing the surface conditions including the pitch d between the recesses 4M and the depth t of the recesses 4M, For example, the illumination area LA can be set to an arbitrary shape such as a line shape or a circular shape.

  As described above, the diffractive optical element 4K can be used as the diffusing optical element 4. Since the diffractive optical element 4K can set the illumination area LA on the first surface 11, the illumination area LA can be efficiently illuminated. That is, for example, when a lens or the like is used as the diffusing optical element 4, there may be a situation where the shape of the illumination area LA and the shape of the first surface 11 are different. That is, for example, the first surface 11 is rectangular, but the illumination area LA when the first surface 11 is illuminated through a lens may be circular. In this case, in order to illuminate the first surface 11 while suppressing light leakage, it is necessary to enlarge the circular illumination area LA and shape the illumination area LA using a light shielding member or the like. In this case, the light utilization efficiency decreases. In the present embodiment, by setting the illumination area LA using the diffractive optical element 4K, almost all of the light generated by the diffractive optical element 4K can be irradiated onto the first surface 11, and the light use efficiency is improved. be able to.

  Further, as described with reference to FIG. 9 and the like, the diffractive optical element 4K can be manufactured by the nanoimprint technique, so that the diffractive optical element can be easily manufactured in large quantities, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced. Can do.

<Fourth embodiment>
A fourth embodiment will be described. A characteristic part of this embodiment is that a diffractive optical element is used as the condensing optical system 3.

  FIG. 11 is a diagram showing the lighting device 1 according to the fourth embodiment. In FIG. 11, the illuminating device 1 receives a plurality of laser light source devices 2 and laser light L1 emitted from each of the plurality of laser light source devices 2, and condenses the plurality of laser light L1 incident thereon. A condensing optical system 3 including the diffractive optical element 3K, and a diffusing optical element 4 that diffuses light collected by the condensing optical system 3 to generate diffused light L2. The diffractive optical element 3K is supported by the support member 3B. A collimating optical system 5 is provided between the diffusing optical element 4 and the first surface 11.

  A plurality of diffractive optical elements 3K are provided so as to correspond to the plurality of laser light source devices 2, respectively. In the example shown in FIG. 11, a plurality of laser light source devices 2 are provided side by side in a one-dimensional direction (X-axis direction), and the diffractive optical element 3K corresponds to the plurality of laser light source devices 2. A plurality of elements are provided side by side in the one-dimensional direction (X-axis direction) on the support member 3B. Each of the plurality of diffractive optical elements 3K is optimized according to the position and characteristics of the plurality of laser light source devices 2. In other words, each of the plurality of diffractive optical elements 3K can be condensed at a predetermined position of the diffusing optical element 4 so that a pseudo point light source can be formed by the laser light L1 emitted from each of the plurality of laser light source devices 2. The surface conditions (including the pitch between the recesses and the depth of the recesses) are optimized. As a design technique for optimizing the surface condition of each of the diffractive optical elements 3K, a predetermined calculation technique such as the above-described iterative Fourier method may be mentioned. Then, by optimizing the surface conditions of the diffractive optical element 3K, the diffractive optical element 3K having a desired function (light condensing function) can be formed.

  The diffractive optical element 3K of the present embodiment can also be manufactured by the nanoimprint technique, so that a large number of diffractive optical elements can be easily manufactured, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.

<Fifth Embodiment>
A fifth embodiment will be described. A characteristic part of this embodiment is that a cylindrical lens is used as the collimating optical system 5.

  FIG. 12 is a diagram showing the lighting device 1 according to the fifth embodiment. In FIG. 12, the illuminating device 1 receives a plurality of laser light source devices 2 and laser light L1 emitted from each of the plurality of laser light source devices 2, and collects the plurality of laser light L1 incident thereon. And a diffusing optical element 4 that diffuses light collected by the condensing optical system 3 and generates diffused light L2. Between the diffusing optical element 4 and the first surface 11, a collimating optical system 5 including cylindrical lenses 5A and 5B is provided.

  In the present embodiment, the collimating optical system 5 has two cylindrical lenses 5A and 5B. Of the two cylindrical lenses 5 </ b> A and 5 </ b> B, the first cylindrical lens 5 </ b> A is disposed at a position close to the diffusing optical element 4, and the second cylindrical lens 5 </ b> B includes Arranged between. The first and second cylindrical lenses 5A and 5B are arranged so that tangents having a lens action intersect each other. That is, the first cylindrical lens 5A is arranged so that its longitudinal direction is parallel to the Y-axis direction, and the second cylindrical lens 5B is arranged so that its longitudinal direction is parallel to the X-axis direction. Yes. The diffused light L2 generated by the diffusing optical element 4 is collimated by passing through the cylindrical lenses 5A and 5B.

  The illumination device 1 including the first and second cylindrical lenses 5 </ b> A and 5 </ b> B can set the illumination area LA on the first surface 11. Specifically, the illumination device 1 including the first and second cylindrical lenses 5A and 5B can set at least one of the size and the shape of the illumination area LA on the first surface 11. In the present embodiment, the illumination device 1 including the first and second cylindrical lenses 5A and 5B sets the illumination area LA to a rectangular shape (rectangular shape). The first surface (light valve incident surface) 11 of the present embodiment is rectangular, and the illumination device 1 including the first and second cylindrical lenses 5A and 5B has a first surface (light valve incident surface) 11. The illumination area LA corresponding to is set. Thus, the optical system including the cylindrical lenses 5A and 5B has a function as an illumination area setting optical system.

  As described above, the illumination area LA on the first surface 11 can be set using the cylindrical lens, and the illumination area LA can be efficiently illuminated. Moreover, the incident angle of the light with respect to the 1st surface 11 can be made small using a cylindrical lens.

  In the fifth embodiment, the illumination device 1 includes two cylindrical lenses 5A and 5B. However, as shown in FIG. 12, a plurality of laser light source devices 2 are arranged in a one-dimensional direction (X-axis direction). In the case of the configuration, even if there is one cylindrical lens, it is possible to parallelize the diffused light L2 generated by the diffusing optical element 4 and set the illumination area LA using the cylindrical lens.

<Sixth Embodiment>
In addition, although the illuminating device 1 in each above-mentioned embodiment is provided with two or more laser light source devices 2, the structure provided with one laser light source device 2 may be sufficient as shown in FIG. In this case, the condensing optical system can be omitted. The laser light L1 emitted from the laser light source device 2 enters the diffusing optical element 4, is diffused by the diffusing optical element 4 and converted into the diffusing light L2, and then is collimated by the collimating optical system 5. The first surface 11 is irradiated.

  Moreover, the illumination area | region LA on the 1st surface 11 can also be set by comprising the diffusion optical element 4 of FIG. 13 with a diffractive optical element. Similarly, the illumination area LA on the first surface 11 can be set by configuring the collimating optical system 5 of FIG. 13 with a cylindrical lens.

  In the first to sixth embodiments, the phase modulation type diffractive optical element is used as the diffractive optical element, but the amplitude modulation type diffractive optical element is used. You can also. Further, the invention is not limited to the transmission type diffractive optical element, and a reflection type diffractive optical element can also be used. Further, for example, a transmissive diffractive optical element and a reflective diffractive optical element may be combined. Then, by optimizing the surface conditions of these diffractive optical elements, the diffractive optical elements can have a desired function.

  In each of the above-described embodiments, a transmissive liquid crystal device (light valve) is used as the spatial light modulator, but a reflective liquid crystal device can also be used, for example, a DMD (Digital Micromirror Device) or the like. A reflective light modulator (mirror modulator) may be used.

  In each of the above-described embodiments, the front projection type projector that projects light including image information onto the screen 100 from the front side of the screen 100 has been described as an example. However, the projection unit U, the screen 100, and the housing are described. And the projection unit U is disposed on the back side of the screen 100, and the so-called rear projector that projects light including image information from the back side of the screen 100 onto the screen 100. 1 can also be applied.

  In addition, the projector PJ of the above-described embodiment includes the first, second, and third illumination devices 1R, 1G, and 1B each having the laser light source device 2 that can emit each basic color light (R, G, and B). However, a red laser light source device that emits red light (R), a green laser light source device that emits green light (G), and a blue laser light source device that emits blue light (B) are arranged in an array. The structure which has one illuminating device which has these may be sufficient. In this case, the laser light emission operation of the laser light source device capable of emitting each basic color light is performed in a time-sharing manner, and the operation of the light valve is controlled in synchronization with the laser light emission operation of each laser light source device. A full color image can be displayed on the screen 100 with one lighting device and one light valve.

<Seventh embodiment>
In each of the above-described embodiments, the illumination device 1 illuminates the spatial light modulation device, and an image is displayed on the screen 100 by light passing through the spatial light modulation device. However, the image display device (projector) is used. For example, the spatial light modulator may not be provided. For example, as shown in FIG. 14, a so-called slide projector that illuminates a surface 11 ′ of a slide (positive film) 10 ′ including image information with a lighting device 1 and projects light including image information on a screen 100 is described above. It is also possible to apply the illumination device 1 of each of the embodiments.

  The image display device may be a direct-view image display device that does not have a projection system and directly observes the image of the spatial light modulation device.

It is a perspective view which shows schematic structure of the illuminating device which concerns on 1st Embodiment. It is a schematic diagram which shows an example of a diffusion optical element. It is a schematic diagram which shows an example of a diffusion optical element. It is a schematic block diagram which shows the image display apparatus provided with the illuminating device which concerns on 1st Embodiment. It is a perspective view which shows schematic structure of the illuminating device which concerns on 2nd Embodiment. It is a perspective view which shows schematic structure of the illuminating device which concerns on 3rd Embodiment. It is a schematic diagram for demonstrating an example of a diffractive optical element. It is a schematic diagram for demonstrating an example of a diffractive optical element. It is a schematic diagram for demonstrating an example of the manufacturing method of a diffractive optical element. It is a figure which shows the 1st surface illuminated with the illuminating device which concerns on 3rd Embodiment. It is a perspective view which shows schematic structure of the illuminating device which concerns on 4th Embodiment. It is a perspective view which shows schematic structure of the illuminating device which concerns on 5th Embodiment. It is a perspective view which shows schematic structure of the illuminating device which concerns on 6th Embodiment. It is a figure which shows schematic structure of the image display apparatus which concerns on 7th Embodiment.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Illuminating device, 2 ... Laser light source device, 3 ... Condensing optical system, 3K ... Diffractive optical element, 4 ... Diffusing optical element, 4A ... Base material, 4B ... Fine particle, 4D ... Optical member, 4K ... Diffractive optical element, DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 5 ... Parallelizing optical system, 5A, 5B ... Cylindrical lens, 10 ... Spatial light modulator, 11 ... 1st surface (incident surface), 100 ... Screen (2nd surface), LA ... Illumination area, PJ ... Image display apparatus (projector)

Claims (9)

  1. A plurality of laser light source devices for emitting laser light;
    A condensing optical system including a plurality of diffractive optical elements that collect laser light emitted from each of the plurality of laser light source devices and collect the plurality of incident laser beams;
    A diffusing optical element that diffuses light collected by the condensing optical system and generates diffused light; and
    A plurality of the diffractive optical elements are provided so as to correspond to each of the plurality of laser light source devices,
    An illumination device that illuminates the first surface with the diffused light.
  2.   The illumination device according to claim 1, wherein the condensing optical system generates a pseudo point light source.
  3.   The illumination device according to claim 1, wherein the diffusing optical element is provided at a substantially focal position of the condensing optical system.
  4.   The illumination device according to claim 1, wherein the diffusing optical element includes a scattering member that scatters irradiated light.
  5.   The illumination according to claim 1, further comprising: a collimating optical system that is provided between the diffusing optical element and the first surface and collimates the diffused light generated by the diffusing optical element. apparatus.
  6. The illumination device according to claim 5, wherein the collimating optical system includes an axisymmetric lens that is rotationally symmetric with respect to an optical axis.
  7. An image display device that is illuminated by the illumination device according to any one of claims 1 to 6 and displays an image by light through the first surface.
  8. The image display device according to claim 7, wherein the first surface includes an incident surface of a spatial light modulator that modulates the illuminated light in accordance with an image signal.
  9. 9. A projector comprising the image display device according to claim 7 or 8 , comprising a projection system for projecting light including image information via the first surface onto the second surface.
JP2005213494A 2005-07-22 2005-07-22 Lighting device, image display device, and projector Active JP4821204B2 (en)

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