JP4701138B2 - Stoker-type incinerator and its combustion control method - Google Patents

Stoker-type incinerator and its combustion control method Download PDF

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JP4701138B2
JP4701138B2 JP2006238692A JP2006238692A JP4701138B2 JP 4701138 B2 JP4701138 B2 JP 4701138B2 JP 2006238692 A JP2006238692 A JP 2006238692A JP 2006238692 A JP2006238692 A JP 2006238692A JP 4701138 B2 JP4701138 B2 JP 4701138B2
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air
combustion
stoker
combustion chamber
primary
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JP2008057935A (en
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実 倉西
幸司 滑澤
昌夫 田熊
健二 飯田
匡之 馬渡
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三菱重工環境・化学エンジニアリング株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P80/00Climate change mitigation technologies for sector-wide applications
    • Y02P80/10Efficient use of energy, e.g. using compressed air or pressurized fluid as energy carrier
    • Y02P80/15On-site combined power, heat or cool generation or distribution, e.g. combined heat and power [CHP] supply

Description

  The present invention relates to a stoker-type incinerator for incinerating combustibles such as garbage and industrial waste, and a combustion control method thereof.

  The stoker-type incinerator is equipped with a stalker in which fixed-stage and movable-stage grates are alternately arranged, and the movable stage is reciprocated by a hydraulic device to agitate the waste (burned material) introduced from the hopper. While moving forward, the waste is dried in the drying zone located upstream of the stoker, and the main combustion is performed while introducing primary air in the next main combustion zone. An incinerator configured to burn every minute. In a stoker type incinerator, exhaust gas from a secondary combustion chamber is usually led to a boiler, and steam is generated by exhaust gas heat in the boiler to recover exhaust gas heat.

  Combustion at a low air ratio in the stoker type incinerator contributes to stabilization of the properties of the combustion exhaust gas and stabilization of the steam flow rate of the boiler. In order to realize combustion at a low air ratio, Patent Document 1 discloses that a high-temperature gas or a circulating gas is used to set the combustion air ratio to 1.3 to 1.5, and harmful gases such as CO and NOx in the combustion exhaust gas. A method for suppressing the amount of gas generated is disclosed.

However, in this method, it is necessary to lay a high-temperature air production apparatus and / or a flow path for the return exhaust gas in order to introduce the high-temperature gas, which causes an increase in construction cost. In addition, because of the control method for manipulating the circulating exhaust gas supplied to the vertical combustion zone, when the physical properties of the combusted material change greatly during operation of the incinerator and the calorific value of the combusted material decreases, If the combustion layer collapses and the combustion reaction proceeds rapidly, the responsiveness is poor, the properties of the combustion exhaust gas change significantly, causing a rapid increase in the boiler steam flow, and the power supply is unstable. become.
JP 2004-239509 A

  Therefore, in view of the above circumstances, the present invention provides a highly responsive stoker-type incinerator capable of suppressing changes in the properties of combustion exhaust gas even when the combustion state in the incinerator is rapidly changed, and An object of the present invention is to provide a combustion control method.

In order to achieve the above object, a combustion control method for a stoker-type incinerator according to the present invention introduces a combustible material from a hopper onto the stoker, introduces primary air from below the stoker, In the primary combustion chamber, primary combustion is performed with the primary air, and secondary combustion is performed with secondary air in the secondary combustion chamber above the primary combustion chamber, and exhaust gas heat that has passed through the secondary combustion chamber is recovered by a boiler. In the combustion control method of the stoker type incinerator, when the oxygen concentration in the exhaust gas discharged from the secondary combustion chamber becomes less than the lower threshold, or the carbon monoxide concentration or temperature in the exhaust gas exceeds the upper threshold. If, together with increasing the flow rate of the secondary air, in increasing the flow rate of the secondary air, the reduced flow rate of primary air, in order to perform the flow reduction of the primary air, Characterized in that the air discharge damper installed below the serial stoker withdrawing the primary air in the stoker.

  In this way, when the calorific value of the combusted material increases and the ignitability is improved, or when the combusted material layer on the stoker collapses and the combustion reaction proceeds rapidly, oxygen is insufficient and Since complete combustion may increase carbon monoxide and increase the combustion temperature, when the exhaust gas oxygen concentration from the secondary combustion chamber falls below the lower threshold, or the carbon monoxide concentration or temperature When the upper limit threshold is exceeded, the flow rate of the secondary air is increased, so that the oxygen shortage in the secondary combustion chamber 4 is eliminated and incomplete combustion can be prevented. Thereby, the change of the property of combustion exhaust gas can be controlled.

In order to increase the flow rate of the secondary air, it is preferable to introduce the primary air released from the air release damper as the secondary air into the secondary combustion chamber.

  Further, as the secondary air introduced into the secondary combustion chamber, the combustion gas extracted from the primary combustion chamber is recirculated and used, and when the flow rate of the secondary air is increased, this combustion gas is used. It is preferable to increase the amount withdrawn and recirculated. When the secondary air flow rate is increased, the primary air flow rate is decreased, and in order to increase the secondary air flow rate, the excess primary air generated by the flow rate decrease is extracted from the combustion. It is preferable to mix with gas and introduce into the secondary combustion chamber as the secondary air.

Another aspect of the present invention is a stoker-type incinerator, which is a hopper for charging a combustible, a stoker supplied with the combustible from the hopper, and primary air from below the stoker. And a primary combustion chamber that performs primary combustion with the primary air above the stoker, a secondary combustion chamber that performs secondary combustion with secondary air above the primary combustion chamber, and the stoker and flames from the stoker. Based on the measuring device for measuring the temperature or oxygen concentration, carbon monoxide concentration of the exhaust gas at the place blocked against radiation, and the oxygen concentration, carbon monoxide concentration or temperature measured by this measuring device, A combustion control device that controls the secondary combustion, and an air discharge damper that is installed below the stoker and extracts the primary air from the stoker .

  In this way, the temperature of the exhaust gas discharged from the secondary combustion chamber is measured at a location where it is blocked against radiation from the stoker and the flame there, or the oxygen concentration of the exhaust gas discharged from the secondary combustion chamber By measuring the carbon monoxide concentration, the temperature of the exhaust gas discharged from the secondary combustion chamber can be measured accurately and quickly without being affected by radiation from a stoker or flame. Alternatively, the combustion state can be determined accurately and quickly from the oxygen concentration or the carbon monoxide concentration of the exhaust gas. Therefore, by controlling the secondary combustion using the measurement result, the combustion state is improved early, the response is high, and the change in the properties of the combustion exhaust gas can be suppressed. The temperature measurement location is preferably in the flue from the secondary combustion chamber to the boiler, and the concentration measurement location is preferably as close to the secondary combustion chamber as possible from the boiler outlet.

Further, the laid between the air discharge damper and the secondary combustion chamber, comprise further a pipe for introducing the primary air that is discharged from the air discharge damper in the secondary combustion chamber is preferred.

  An extraction port installed in the primary combustion chamber for extracting the combustion gas in the primary combustion chamber, and laid between the extraction port and the secondary combustion chamber, and the combustion gas extracted from the extraction port is removed from the second combustion chamber. It is preferable to further include a recirculation passage for recirculating and introducing the secondary air into the secondary combustion chamber. In addition, it is preferable to further include a bypass pipe that is laid between the primary air pipe for introducing the primary air and the recirculation passage and introduces the primary air into the recirculation passage.

  Thus, according to the present invention, even when the combustion state in the incinerator is suddenly changed, the responsive stoker type incinerator capable of suppressing the change in the properties of the combustion exhaust gas and the responsive stoker type incinerator A combustion control method can be provided.

  DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, an embodiment of a stoker-type incinerator and an operation method thereof according to the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing an embodiment of a stoker-type incinerator according to the present invention.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the stoker-type incinerator of the present embodiment is a waste hopper 1 into which combustibles such as waste and industrial waste are charged, and while stirring and advancing the waste supplied from the hopper. A stoker furnace 2 that dries and burns, a boiler 10 that generates steam from exhaust gas from the stoker furnace, and a combustion control device 30 that controls combustion in the stoker furnace in order to stably generate steam flow in the boiler, Consists mainly of.

  The stoker furnace 2 includes a dry zone stalker 21 mainly constituting a dry zone, a main combustion zone stalker 22 mainly constituting a combustion zone, and an alternate combustion zone stoker 23 mainly constituting a vertical combustion zone at the bottom of the furnace. Is laid. The dry zone stoker 21 is located on the most upstream side with respect to the inlet from the waste hopper 1, the main combustion zone stoker 22 is located on the downstream side of the dry zone stoker 21, and the vertical combustion zone stoker 23 is the main combustion zone stoker. It is located downstream of 22 and on the most downstream side. Here, the main combustion zone refers to an area where a flame is raised on the dust layer and burned.

  Each of the stokers 21, 22, and 23 is provided with a moving grate disposed between fixed grate, and after putting garbage (combustible material) by reciprocating movement of the moving grate, the garbage is dried by the stalker 21. The main combustion is performed by the stoker 22, and the combustion is finally performed by the stoker 23. In this embodiment, the number of combustion zone stokers 22 is three, but may be one or more. An ash hopper chute 8 is laid on the downstream side of the vertical combustion zone stoker 23. Further, a primary combustion chamber 3 is provided above the stokers 21, 22, and 23, and a secondary combustion chamber 4 is further provided above the primary combustion chamber 3.

  The dry zone stalker 21, the main combustion zone stalker 22, and the vertical combustion zone stalker 23 are each provided with a primary air pipe 25 that opens to a wind box below them. These primary air pipes 25 are distributed from the primary air main pipe 5, and a primary blower (fan) 6 for supplying primary air and a steam air preheater (SAH) are installed in the primary air main pipe 5. That is, the primary air pumped from the fan 6 is preheated through the primary air main pipe 5 and then supplied from the primary air pipe 25 to the stokers 21, 22, and 23. Further, an opening / closing valve or an orifice 26 for opening / closing them is provided in the primary air pipe 25, and an opening / closing valve 7 for opening / closing this is provided in the primary air main pipe 5.

  The exhaust gas outlet of the secondary combustion chamber 4 and the exhaust gas inlet of the boiler 10 are connected via a flue 9. The flue 9 is a U-shaped passage in order to block the inside of the flue 9 from the flame emission of the stokers 21, 22, 23 and the stoker furnace 2. An exhaust gas thermometer 33 (for example, an infrared pyrometer) for measuring the temperature of the exhaust gas from the secondary combustion chamber 4 is installed in the flue 9. In this way, by providing the exhaust gas thermometer 33 at a location that is blocked from the radiation of the flame, the temperature of the exhaust gas can be measured early and accurately.

  A flue 11 is provided at the exhaust gas outlet of the boiler 10. An oxygen / carbon monoxide concentration measuring device 35 for measuring the oxygen concentration or carbon monoxide concentration in the exhaust gas is provided at the outlet of the flue 11. Is installed. Thus, in this Embodiment, since the exhaust gas temperature has fallen with 200-300 degreeC by installing the oxygen / carbon monoxide concentration measuring device 35 in the exit of the flue 11, oxygen concentration or carbon monoxide The concentration can be accurately measured over a long period of time. However, when it is possible to use a measuring instrument capable of measuring the oxygen / carbon monoxide concentration in a high-temperature, high-dust atmosphere, the measuring instrument can be installed at a position closer to the outlet of the stoker furnace 2, so that it is shorter The change in the combustion state can be grasped with a time delay, and it becomes possible to provide combustion control with higher response.

  Further, on the exhaust gas downstream side of the flue 11, a temperature reducing tower (not shown) for lowering the temperature of the exhaust gas, a bag filter (not shown) for removing fly ash and the like from the exhaust gas, and discharging the exhaust gas to the outside air A chimney (not shown) is laid in order.

  The blowout nozzles 19 are provided on the drying zone side and the combustion zone side of the secondary combustion chamber 4, respectively. The secondary air pipe 27 provided in the pusher blower (fan) 20 for supplying secondary air is branched into two on the downstream side, and one secondary air pipe 27a is connected to the blowing nozzle 19a on the drying side. One secondary air pipe 27b is connected to the outlet nozzle 19b on the vertical combustion zone side. The branched secondary air pipes 27a and 27b are provided with on-off valves 24a and 24b, respectively, and the supply amount of secondary air can be changed by the blowing nozzles 19a and 19b on the drying zone side and the combustion zone side. it can. It should be noted that the blowing nozzles 19a and 19b on the drying zone side and on the combustion zone side may be provided in a plurality of stages in the secondary combustion chamber 4 along the gas flow. Fork.

  Under the stalker, an air discharge damper 45 for extracting the primary air of the combustion zone from the stalker furnace 2 is installed. The air extracted from the air release damper 45 is configured to be discharged through the ash hopper chute 8 to the secondary combustion chamber side of the stoker-type incinerator or outside the furnace.

  The exhaust gas thermometer 33 and the oxygen concentration measuring device 35 are electrically connected to the combustion control device 30 so that the measured values can be transmitted to the combustion control device 30 as signals. In addition, the combustion control device 30 controls each on-off valve so that the opening degree of each on-off valve 24, 26 such as the primary air pipe 25 and the secondary air pipe 27 and the opening / closing of the air release damper 45 can be adjusted individually. 24 and 26 and the air discharge damper 45 are electrically connected to each other.

  According to the above configuration, when garbage is first introduced into the garbage hopper 1 as a combustible, the dust is supplied into the stalker furnace 2 by the dust supply device 29 that reciprocally moves reciprocally. Further, primary air is supplied to the dry zone stoker 21, the main combustion zone stoker 22, and the vertical combustion zone stoker 23 in the stoker furnace 2 through the primary air pipe 25, whereby the high-temperature waste in the primary combustion chamber 3. Burned.

  This combustion gas is further combusted at a high temperature by the secondary air supplied from the blow-out nozzle 19 and is completely combusted. The exhaust gas after combustion in the secondary combustion chamber 4 is supplied to the boiler 10 via the flue 9, heat is recovered by generating steam, and then discharged to the atmosphere through the flue 11. Further, the ash after combustion in the vertical combustion zone stoker 23 is collected by the ash hopper chute 8 and discharged.

  Here, when the calorific value of the combusted material increases and the ignitability improves, or when the combusted material layer on the stoker collapses and the combustion reaction proceeds rapidly, the oxygen in the stoker furnace 2 is insufficient. There is a possibility that many unburned components are generated. Therefore, in the combustion control device 30, when the oxygen concentration measured by the oxygen / carbon monoxide concentration measuring device 35 becomes less than the lower limit threshold (for example, 3 to 7%), the on-off valve 24 of the secondary air pipe 27 Is further opened to increase the amount of secondary air from the blowing nozzle 19.

  FIG. 2 is a chart showing the timing of changing the secondary air amount with respect to increase and decrease of the oxygen concentration. As shown in FIG. 2, by increasing the amount of secondary air, oxygen shortage in the secondary combustion chamber 4 is eliminated, and generation of unburned components can be suppressed. As a result, the oxygen concentration in the exhaust gas increases. Therefore, when the oxygen concentration measured by the oxygen / carbon monoxide concentration measuring device 35 exceeds the lower limit threshold, the opening degree of the valve is reduced to the on-off valve 24. Send a signal to restore the secondary air volume. In this way, changes in the properties of the combustion exhaust gas can be prevented, and emission of harmful substances such as dioxins and carbon monoxide can be suppressed. Moreover, the fluctuation | variation of the steam flow rate of the boiler 10 can also be suppressed.

  As described above, when the oxygen in the stoker furnace 2 is insufficient and a large amount of unburned components are generated, the oxygen concentration is decreased while the carbon monoxide concentration is increased. Therefore, in place of or in combination with the control based on the oxygen concentration, in the combustion control device 30, the carbon monoxide concentration measured by the oxygen / carbon monoxide concentration measuring device 35 exceeds the upper limit threshold (for example, 50 to 1000 ppm). In this case, a signal is sent to the on-off valve 24 of the secondary air pipe 27 so as to increase the amount of secondary air by opening the valve larger.

  FIG. 3 is a chart showing the timing of changing the secondary air amount with respect to increase and decrease of the carbon monoxide concentration. As shown in FIG. 3, by increasing the amount of secondary air, oxygen shortage in the secondary combustion chamber 4 is eliminated, and generation of unburned components can be suppressed. As a result, the carbon monoxide concentration in the exhaust gas is reduced. Therefore, when the carbon monoxide concentration measured by the oxygen / carbon monoxide concentration measuring device 35 is less than the upper limit threshold, the on-off valve 24 is connected to the valve. A signal is sent to reduce the opening and restore the secondary air volume. Thus, the control of the properties of the combustion exhaust gas can also be prevented by controlling based on the carbon monoxide concentration.

  Control by the exhaust gas temperature can be performed instead of or in combination with the control by the oxygen concentration or the carbon monoxide concentration. That is, when the value of the exhaust gas temperature in the flue 9 shielded from the flame radiation of the stoker furnace 2 measured by the exhaust gas thermometer 33 exceeds the upper threshold (for example, 650 to 800 ° C.), the secondary air pipe A signal is sent to the on-off valve 24 of 27 so as to increase the amount of secondary air by opening the valve larger (FIG. 3).

  When the calorific value of the combusted material increases and the ignitability improves, or when the combusted material layer on the stoker collapses and the combustion reaction proceeds rapidly, the combustion temperature in the stoker furnace 2 rises rapidly. At the same time, there is a possibility that oxygen is insufficient and a large amount of unburned components are generated. Therefore, by increasing the amount of secondary air, oxygen deficiency can be eliminated and generation of unburned components can be suppressed. When the exhaust gas temperature recovers below the upper limit threshold, a signal is sent to the on-off valve 24 so as to restore the primary air amount. Thus, the control of the exhaust gas temperature can also prevent changes in the properties of the combustion exhaust gas.

  In addition to controlling the oxygen concentration, carbon monoxide concentration, and exhaust gas temperature based on the instantaneous values measured, the average value (moving average) measured over a certain period of time, the deviation from the average value, or the variation It is also possible to control by calculating a gradient and setting these lower limit threshold value or upper limit threshold value. By using the average value, deviation, and gradient of change in this way, it is possible to prevent excessive responses to sudden changes in oxygen concentration, carbon monoxide concentration, and exhaust gas temperature, and to further stabilize the properties of combustion exhaust gas. Can be achieved.

  In the above description, one of oxygen concentration, carbon monoxide concentration, and exhaust gas temperature has been described. However, control can be performed using two or all of them. For example, by controlling to increase the amount of secondary air when two or all three of them exceed a threshold, it is possible to prevent excessive response to sudden changes and to control the properties of combustion exhaust gas. Further stabilization can be achieved.

  In addition, when increasing secondary air quantity, it is preferable to control so that primary air quantity may be decreased simultaneously. For example, a signal is sent from the combustion control device 30 to the on-off valve 26 of the primary air pipe 25 so as to narrow the valve. Thereby, the combustion reaction in the primary combustion chamber 3 in which the combustion reaction has progressed rapidly can be suppressed, and the properties of the combustion exhaust gas can be further stabilized.

  Further, when the primary air amount is decreased, a signal can be sent to the air discharge damper 45 installed under the stoker so as to open the damper. Thereby, since the quantity of the primary air in the primary combustion chamber 3 can be decreased instantaneously, the combustion reaction in the primary combustion chamber 3 in which the combustion reaction has progressed rapidly can be quickly suppressed. The gas extracted from the air discharge damper 45 is discharged through the ash hopper chute.

  FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing another embodiment of the stoker-type incinerator according to the present invention. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected about the same structure as FIG. As shown in FIG. 4, in this embodiment, a recirculation gas extraction port 28 for extracting a part of the combustion exhaust gas in the primary combustion chamber 3 as a recirculation gas is provided in the vertical combustion zone of the primary combustion chamber 3. It has been. The recirculation gas outlet 28 is connected to the inlet 14 of the cyclone 12 via the recirculation passage 16.

  A recirculation passage 15 is provided at the outlet of the cyclone 12, and the recirculation passage 15 is an outlet nozzle 19 for supplying secondary air into the secondary combustion chamber 4 at an upstream portion of the secondary combustion chamber 4. Connected to. A recirculation fan 13 is provided in the recirculation passage 15, and an opening / closing valve 18 provided in front of the recirculation fan 13 adjusts an amount of exhausting combustion exhaust gas from the primary combustion chamber 3 as recirculation gas. be able to.

  The recirculation passage 15 is branched into two on the downstream side of the recirculation fan 13. One recirculation passage 15a is connected to the blowing nozzle 19a on the drying side, and one recirculation passage 15b is placed and burned. It is connected to the belt-side blowing nozzle 19b. The branched recirculation passages 15a and 15b are provided with on-off valves 17a and 17b, respectively, and the supply amount of recirculation gas (secondary air) by the blowing nozzles 19a and 19b on the drying zone side and the combustion zone side. Can be changed.

  The primary air main pipe 5 and the recirculation passage 15 are connected by a bypass pipe 40. The bypass pipe 40 is provided with an opening / closing valve 41 for opening and closing the bypass pipe 40. In the present embodiment, the air discharge damper 45 installed under the stoker is connected to the recirculation passage 16 in order to use the extracted exhaust gas as secondary air.

  According to the above configuration, the combusted material is supplied into the stalker furnace 2 via the waste hopper 1, and the high temperature combustion is performed in the primary combustion chamber 3 by the primary air from the primary air pipe 25. This combustion gas is further combusted at a high temperature by the recirculation gas (secondary air) supplied from the blow-out nozzles 19 and 20 in the secondary combustion chamber 4. The exhaust gas after combustion in the secondary combustion chamber 4 is supplied to the boiler 10 for heat recovery, and then discharged into the atmosphere through the flue 11.

  Then, when the oxygen concentration measured by the oxygen / carbon monoxide concentration measuring device 35 is less than the lower limit threshold, when the carbon monoxide concentration exceeds the upper limit threshold, or when the exhaust gas temperature measured by the exhaust gas thermometer 33 is the upper limit threshold. Is exceeded, the combustion control device 30 sends a signal to the on-off valve 17 of the recirculation passage 15 so as to increase the recirculation gas amount (that is, the secondary air amount) by opening the valve larger (FIG. 2). FIG. 3).

  Thereby, the oxygen shortage in the secondary combustion chamber 4 is eliminated as in the embodiment of FIG. 1, and the generation of unburned components can be suppressed. Further, since the amount of gas extracted from the recirculation gas extraction port 28 also increases, that is, the primary air amount of the primary combustion chamber 3 decreases, the combustion reaction in the primary combustion chamber 3 where the combustion reaction has progressed rapidly is suppressed. can do.

  As a result, the oxygen concentration, the carbon monoxide concentration, and the exhaust gas temperature in the exhaust gas are recovered, so that the oxygen concentration exceeds the lower threshold, the carbon monoxide concentration becomes lower than the upper threshold, or the exhaust gas temperature exceeds the upper threshold. When it becomes less, a signal is sent to the on-off valve 17 so as to reduce the secondary air amount by reducing the valve opening. Thus, also in the present embodiment, changes in the properties of the combustion exhaust gas can be prevented, and emission of harmful substances such as dioxins and carbon monoxide can be suppressed. Moreover, the fluctuation | variation of the steam flow rate of the boiler 10 can also be suppressed.

  Also in the present embodiment, when the secondary air amount is increased and the primary air amount is decreased at the same time, a signal can be sent to the air discharge damper 45 to open the damper. As a result, the amount of primary air in the primary combustion chamber 3 can be instantaneously reduced, and the combustion reaction in the primary combustion chamber 3 can be quickly suppressed. Further, since the gas extracted from the air discharge damper 45 can be supplied as secondary air from the blowing nozzle 19 together with the recirculation gas through the recirculation passages 16 and 15, the amount of secondary air can be increased rapidly. Therefore, control with higher responsiveness can be performed.

  Further, when the secondary air amount is increased and the primary air amount is decreased at the same time, a signal can be sent to the on-off valve 41 of the bypass pipe 40 to open the valve. As a result, the amount of primary air to be reduced can be supplied as secondary air from the blowing nozzle 19 together with the recirculation gas through the bypass pipe 40 and the recirculation passage 15. Therefore, control with higher responsiveness can be performed also by this method.

It is a mimetic diagram showing one embodiment of a stoker type incinerator concerning the present invention. It is a chart which shows the timing which changes the amount of secondary air with respect to increase / decrease in oxygen concentration. It is a chart which shows the timing which changes the amount of secondary air with respect to increase / decrease in carbon monoxide concentration or exhaust gas temperature. It is a schematic diagram which shows other embodiment of the stoker type | mold incinerator which concerns on this invention.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Garbage hopper 2 Stoker furnace 3 Primary combustion chamber 4 Secondary combustion chamber 5 Primary air main pipe 6 Pushing fan 7, 17, 18, 26, 41 Open / close valve 8 Ash hopper chute 9, 11 Flue 10 Boiler 12 Cyclone 13 Circulation fan 15 , 16 Recirculation passage 19 Blowing nozzle 20 Pushing blower 21 Drying zone stalker 22 Main combustion zone stalker 23 Alternate combustion zone stalker 24 On-off valve 25 Primary air pipe 27 Secondary air pipe 28 Recirculation gas outlet 29 Dust supply device 30 Combustion control Equipment 33 Exhaust gas thermometer 35 Oxygen / carbon monoxide concentration measuring device 40 Bypass pipe 45 Air release damper

Claims (8)

  1. Combusted material is introduced from the hopper onto the stoker, primary air is introduced from below the stoker, primary combustion is performed with the primary air in the primary combustion chamber above the stoker, and the secondary combustion above the primary combustion chamber is performed. In a combustion control method for a stoker-type incinerator that performs secondary combustion with secondary air in a combustion chamber,
    When the oxygen concentration in the exhaust gas discharged from the secondary combustion chamber becomes less than the lower threshold value, or when the carbon monoxide concentration or temperature in the exhaust gas exceeds the upper threshold value, the flow rate of the secondary air is reduced. along with the increase,
    When increasing the flow rate of the secondary air, in order to decrease the flow rate of the primary air and reduce the flow rate of the primary air, the primary air in the stalker is changed from an air discharge damper installed below the stoker. A combustion control method for a stoker-type incinerator characterized by being extracted .
  2. The stoker-type incinerator according to claim 1 , wherein primary air discharged from the air discharge damper is introduced into the secondary combustion chamber as the secondary air in order to increase the flow rate of the secondary air. Combustion control method.
  3. As the secondary air to be introduced into the secondary combustion chamber, the combustion gas extracted from the primary combustion chamber is recirculated and used, and when the flow rate of the secondary air is increased, the combustion gas is extracted and recycled. The combustion control method for a stoker type incinerator according to claim 1 or 2 , wherein the amount of circulation is increased.
  4. When the secondary air flow rate is increased, the primary air flow rate is decreased, and in order to increase the secondary air flow rate, the excess primary air generated by the flow rate decrease is extracted from the combustion. 4. A combustion control method for a stoker type incinerator according to claim 3 , wherein the mixture is mixed with gas and introduced into the secondary combustion chamber as the secondary air.
  5. A hopper for charging the combustible,
    A stalker to which the combustible is supplied from the hopper;
    A primary combustion chamber that introduces primary air from below the stoker and performs primary combustion with the primary air above the stoker;
    A secondary combustion chamber that performs secondary combustion with secondary air above the primary combustion chamber;
    A measuring instrument for measuring the oxygen concentration, carbon monoxide concentration or temperature of the exhaust gas at a location blocked against radiation from the stoker and flames there;
    A combustion control device for controlling the secondary combustion based on the oxygen concentration, carbon monoxide concentration or temperature measured by the measuring device ;
    A stoker-type incinerator comprising an air discharge damper that is installed below the stoker and extracts the primary air from the stoker.
  6. Laid between said secondary combustion chamber and the air discharge damper, claim, characterized in that the primary air that is discharged from the air discharge damper comprising further a pipe for introducing into said secondary combustion chamber 5 The stoker-type incinerator described in 1.
  7. An extraction port installed in the primary combustion chamber for extracting the combustion gas in the primary combustion chamber, and laid between the extraction port and the secondary combustion chamber, and the combustion gas extracted from the extraction port is removed from the second combustion chamber. The stoker type incinerator according to claim 5 or 6, further comprising a recirculation passage for recirculating and introducing as secondary air into the secondary combustion chamber.
  8. 8. The apparatus according to claim 7 , further comprising a bypass pipe that is laid between a primary air pipe for introducing the primary air and the recirculation passage and introduces the primary air into the recirculation passage. Stoker-type incinerator.
JP2006238692A 2006-09-04 2006-09-04 Stoker-type incinerator and its combustion control method Active JP4701138B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006238692A JP4701138B2 (en) 2006-09-04 2006-09-04 Stoker-type incinerator and its combustion control method

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006238692A JP4701138B2 (en) 2006-09-04 2006-09-04 Stoker-type incinerator and its combustion control method
TW096129414A TWI338111B (en) 2006-09-04 2007-08-09
CN2007800251243A CN101484753B (en) 2006-09-04 2007-08-30 Stoker-type incinerator and method for controlling combustion in the incinerator
PCT/JP2007/066924 WO2008029712A1 (en) 2006-09-04 2007-08-30 Stoker-type incinerator and method for controlling combustion in the incinerator

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JP2008057935A JP2008057935A (en) 2008-03-13
JP4701138B2 true JP4701138B2 (en) 2011-06-15

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