JP2012206640A - Life-saving capsule against tsunami and flood - Google Patents

Life-saving capsule against tsunami and flood Download PDF

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Publication number
JP2012206640A
JP2012206640A JP2011074499A JP2011074499A JP2012206640A JP 2012206640 A JP2012206640 A JP 2012206640A JP 2011074499 A JP2011074499 A JP 2011074499A JP 2011074499 A JP2011074499 A JP 2011074499A JP 2012206640 A JP2012206640 A JP 2012206640A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
tsunami
flood
life
capsule
water
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Pending
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JP2011074499A
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Japanese (ja)
Inventor
Takeshi Nakagawa
Shuji Morimoto
武志 中川
周次 森本
Original Assignee
Takeshi Nakagawa
武志 中川
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Application filed by Takeshi Nakagawa, 武志 中川 filed Critical Takeshi Nakagawa
Priority to JP2011074499A priority Critical patent/JP2012206640A/en
Publication of JP2012206640A publication Critical patent/JP2012206640A/en
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Abstract

The present invention proposes a capsule that has a high probability of being saved for use in a tsunami, flood, or water disaster.
A sealed space S large enough for a person to enter is formed of a highly rigid waterproof material so that buoyancy against water can be obtained, and a predetermined amount of the sealed space is set. A weight member 3 that balances the direction downward, a fin 5 for preventing rotation, and an openable / closable hatch 4 through which a person can go in and out are provided. Inside, a sofa-like seat portion 23 is disposed of a material that also serves as a buffering means for buffering an impact on the person inside from the outside.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

The present invention relates to a capsule that is used during a tsunami, a flood, or a water disaster, and a person enters inside to wait for rescue.
Conventionally, lifeboats are known as lifesaving means in the event of a tsunami, flood, etc.
As an apparatus for storing such a lifeboat, a lifeboat storage apparatus for coping with evacuation when a tsunami occurs as described in Patent Document 1 has been proposed.
In Patent Document 1, a boat accommodating portion including a boat platform inclined downward toward the exit side is formed in the attic of a house, and the boat is accommodated by the mooring means locked in the boat accommodating portion. In addition, a lifeboat storage device is disclosed in which the mooring means is constituted by a hook that engages with a locking portion provided in the boat.
Thus, in the past, lifeboats are generally well known for use on water in the event of a tsunami or flood.
JP-A-8-40356
However, conventional lifeboats are stable when used in quiet lakes, etc., but during tsunamis and floods, the waves and water currents are so strong that they can easily be submerged and avoid overturning or sinking. There was no problem.
In particular, in the tsunami, the possibility of drowning was overwhelmingly large, and even if it was possible to get on a lifeboat, there was no other way but to evacuate to high ground because it was easy to be submerged or overturned by subsequent waves and torrents.
If there is no hill nearby, you can evacuate to the rooftop of the building, but if the tsunami height is high, such as the Great Tsunami in the March 2011 Tohoku Kanto Earthquake, the rooftop of the building Was also not safe.
Therefore, the present invention has been made for the purpose of proposing a capsule having a high probability of being saved even when there is no hill or high building to be evacuated nearby.
In claim 1,
By forming a sealed space of a size that allows people to enter inside with a waterproof material, so that buoyancy against water can be obtained,
A weight member that balances a predetermined direction of the sealed space downward is provided.
In claim 2,
The waterproof material has rigidity to hold the sealed space in a predetermined shape.
In claim 3,
It has a hatch structure that can be opened and closed in two states: an open state in which a person can enter and exit the sealed space, and a sealed state in which a person cannot enter and exit and prevents water from entering the outside.
In claim 4,
In the sealed space formed of the waterproof material, buffer means for buffering an impact on the person from the outside is disposed.
In claim 1,
Because it was constructed so that buoyancy against water can be obtained by forming a sealed space of a size that allows people to enter inside with a waterproof material,
The sealed space can float on the water surface without sinking in water.
Therefore, a person who enters the sealed space can survive for a long time, and the possibility of being rescued is greatly increased.
Furthermore, since a weight member that balances a predetermined direction of the sealed space downward is provided, a person entering the sealed space can easily maintain a predetermined posture, and wasteful consumption of physical strength can be avoided. The possibility of being rescued can be greatly increased.
In claim 2,
Since the waterproof material has rigidity to hold the sealed space in a predetermined shape, the sealed material can be used even when it collides with an external foreign object or when an external force is applied while floating on the water surface. Can be held in a predetermined shape, so that a person who enters the sealed space can be prevented from being damaged and the possibility of being rescued is greatly increased.
In claim 3,
Since it has a hatch structure that can be opened and closed in two states, an open state in which people can enter and exit the sealed space and a sealed state in which people cannot enter and exit and prevent water from entering the outside, Evacuation is possible, and it is possible to go outside after being rescued.
In claim 4,
In the sealed space formed of the waterproof material, buffer means for buffering the impact from the outside to the inside person is disposed, so that damage to the person due to the impact can be prevented.
According to the present invention, unlike lifeboats, life can be protected from intense water currents, waves, impacts, wind / cold air, water fires, and the like.
In addition, unlike ordinary lifeboats, it is difficult to think of capsizing and flooding, and its resilience is great.
If a tsunami occurs and you cannot evacuate urgently, you can board to avoid drowning and drowning and wait for rescue.
Since the capsule of the present invention includes an outer shell and an internal cushion material, it can withstand severe impacts and fires.
The relative strength can be increased by using a small capsule structure.
In addition, emergency evacuation is possible even if there is no tide barrier as a countermeasure against tsunami and there is no hill nearby.
By increasing the rigidity, it is also effective as a protective capsule against building collapse caused by earthquakes.
If a tsunami comes immediately after an earthquake, evacuation may be delayed due to damage to automobiles and roads, traffic jams, etc. due to the earthquake, but even in such a case, there is a possibility of survival by floating on the sea surface.
In addition, it can be a means of survival for those who are difficult to evacuate, such as sick people and elderly people.
It can also help those who can't evacuate to carry them.
Once evacuated to the 2nd and 3rd floors and rooftop of the building, it becomes a means of survival when the water level rises further.
It is also an effective means when you have evacuated by car but are not in time.
The tsunami / flood life-saving capsule of the present invention can ensure the survival means at low cost.
Entering the capsule can prevent pressure, trauma, flooding, drowning, freezing death, hypothermia, etc. of the evacuees, and the possibility of saving lives is greatly increased.
Capsules are prone to be found on the water and in debris (because they are prominent colors and float in water).
Also, if the evacuees and mobile phone are not immersed in water, the mobile phone may be used to seek rescue.
1 is an outline view of a tsunami / flood life-saving capsule according to the present invention. FIG. It is sectional drawing of the principal part for demonstrating the use condition of the said tsunami / flood life-saving capsule. It is a perspective view for demonstrating the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule of another form. It is sectional drawing of the principal part for demonstrating the use condition of the said tsunami / flood life-saving capsule. It is sectional drawing of the principal part for demonstrating the use condition of the life capsule for tsunami and flood of another form. It is an external view for demonstrating the life-saving capsule for tsunami and flood of another form. It is explanatory drawing for demonstrating the use condition of the said tsunami and flood life-saving capsule. It is explanatory drawing of the life capsule for various types of tsunami and flood. It is sectional drawing of the principal part for demonstrating the structure of a hatch. It is sectional drawing of the principal part for demonstrating the structure of a hatch. It is sectional drawing of the principal part for demonstrating the life capsule for tsunami and flood of another form.
  Below, the form for implementing the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule which concerns on this invention is demonstrated with reference to FIG.
1 and 2,
Reference numeral 1 denotes a tsunami / flood life-saving capsule according to the present invention, in which an outer shell 2 is formed of a waterproof material, and a sealed space S having a size capable of entering a person therein is formed. A weight member 3 is fixed to the bottom of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1.
The tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1 is configured such that a sealed space S filled with air is formed therein, and buoyancy with respect to water is obtained.
Since the weight member 3 is fixed to the bottom of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1, when it floats on the water surface, the bottom of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1 is balanced downward to be upright. It becomes a state.
Further, the waterproof material constituting the outer shell 2 is a lightweight and rigid material such as FRP (reinforced plastic), for example, so that the space is held in a predetermined shape. It is configured.
The outer shell 2 can have various shapes such as a spherical shape and an egg shape, for example, but is configured so as not to be entangled with ropes, nets, timbers, etc. Has been.
A sofa-shaped seat portion 23 is formed in the outer shell 2 from a material that doubles as a floating body and a cushioning material so that a person can sit down. It should be noted that a hole can be provided in the butt portion of the sheet portion 23 so that it can be removed.
The top of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1 is provided with a light emitter 21 that emits a light emission signal by blinking a lamp. Further, in order to rescue, an embedded lifting means is provided for lifting from the sea surface with a hook such as a helicopter or a crane. As the lifting means, a structure that does not protrude from the outer surface of the outer shell 2 is preferable. For example, a rod-like member can be embedded.
  Reference numeral 4 denotes an openable / closable hatch, which is disposed on the outer shell 2 as an opening / closing means. The hatch 4 can be opened and closed by a hinge so that a person can enter and exit when the hatch 4 is opened. In the open state, people can go in and out, and in the sealed state, water can be prevented from entering from the outside. The hatch 4 is configured to be lockable from the inside, for example. Since the hatch 4 is disposed on the upper part of the outer shell 2, it can be positioned on the water surface and can prevent water from entering the inside. The hatch 4 or a part of the outer shell 2 is provided with a transparent window 41 through which the outside can be seen. As indicated by a two-dot chain line in FIG. It is configured to have a function such as a Fresnel plate so that the water surface in the front horizontal direction can be seen rather than the sky. The Fresnel plate is preferably rotatable along the window surface so that the field of view can be directed in an arbitrary direction.
The weight member 3 can be configured by filling an independent space formed at the bottom of the sealed space with water or the like. Or you may form and fix to the exterior of the bottom part of the said outer shell 2 with a concrete.
Further, in the sealed space S, foaming urethane or the like is attached to the inner surface of the outer shell 2 to provide a buffer means 5 so that it collides with a member such as timber floating on the water surface or collides with a building or the like. For example, even when a large impact is applied from the outside, the impact on the inside person can be buffered to ensure the safety of the inside person.
Reference numeral 5 denotes a rotation-preventing fin, which is provided to prevent the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1 from being rotated by a water flow.
The fin 5 also functions as a support leg for maintaining a normal position on the road.
A tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1B shown in FIG. 3 is an egg-shaped tsunami / flood life-saving capsule, and has a small, easy-to-carry, and seated sealed space.
This tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1B is divided into an upper half 11B and a lower half 12B. The two portions can be integrated to form a tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1B. After a person is evacuated to this tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1B, an outside person or a person who enters can evacuate by combining the two parts. This tsunami / flood life-saving capsule is also provided with a rotation preventing fin 5B.
FIG. 4 shows a cross section of the egg-shaped tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1B, and the inside is formed into a sofa shape with a material that serves as both a floating body and a buffer member.
Further, the window is provided with optical means such as a Fresnel lens, and as shown by a two-dot chain line, when an inside person looks at the upper window 41, it is not in the sky but is in front of the water surface. Is configured to be visible.
5 is a tsunami / flood life-saving capsule C shown in FIG. 5, which has a vertically long interior and a sealed space that can be seated comfortably.
Also in this case, a weight member 3C and a rotation preventing fin 5C are provided.
The tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1D shown in FIG. 6 has a high weight and high stability.
The weight member 3D of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1D is a weight member formed of concrete, for example, and is fixed to the outside of the lower part of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1D. Also in this case, a fin 5D for preventing rotation is provided.
This tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1D is also provided with a hatch 4D that can be opened and closed.
Since the weight member 3D protrudes from the lower part of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1D, when not in use, as shown in FIG. When evacuating, it is possible to easily escape from the hatch 4D.
In addition, if the weight member 3D and the fin 5D are provided with the wheels 6 in the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule 1D, the wheels can be easily rolled when not in use.
Next, various forms of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule will be described with reference to FIG.
As described above, 1A is a spherical tsunami / flood life-saving capsule, which is the smallest for one person, is easy to carry, and has a low cost. A basic form with a weight member at the bottom and emphasizing stability. The diameter is about 1.3m.
1E is a rice ball type tsunami / flood life-saving capsule that is small and easy to make, and the structure of the hatch 4E is simple and easy to close. The outer dimension of the maximum part is about 1.5m.
The above tsunami and flood life-saving capsules are for one or two people.
1G is a boat-type tsunami / flood life-saving capsule for 2 to 8 people, equipped with a hatch 4G on the ceiling, excellent in stability, and capable of maneuvering somewhat. It has propulsion wings that can be driven by pedals. This has a width of about 1.5 m and a length of about 2.5 m to 4 m.
1H is a life-saving capsule for tsunami / flood for 4 to 8 people and equipped with a hatch 4H. Usually, it is moored and installed in the room of the house or the roof of the building. And when using it, such as when a tsunami occurs, release it. This has a width of about 1.5 m to 2 m and a length of about 3 m to 5 m.
Each of the illustrated tsunami / flood life-saving capsules may be provided with a body-holding seat belt or a handrail whose surface is covered with a shock-absorbing pad.
The tsunami / flood life-saving capsule according to the present invention is made of a strong waterproof material, so that it does not break and does not lose buoyancy even if it receives some damage from an external impact. Since it does not sink, the possibility of survival increases dramatically.
The outer shell is made of a lightweight and highly rigid waterproof material such as FRP. The waterproof material is preferably a flame retardant material.
The outer shell has a structure in which sufficient strength and rigidity can be obtained by ribs, irregularities, steel materials and the like. However, there should be no protrusions on the outside of the outer shell so that it will not be caught in a house swept away by the tsunami. As the weight member, a space (water injection chamber) for attracting water is provided in the lower part of the sealed space, and when used, water is injected into the water injection chamber to reduce the center of gravity and stabilize the structure. The water in the water injection chamber can be drinking water or fire-fighting water in an emergency.
If urethane foam is used as the buffering means, a heat retaining function can also be obtained. In addition, a fixing means such as a belt for fixing the body is provided to protect the body from impact.
Urethane foam keeps buoyancy even if water enters the sealed space, so it can be prevented from sinking.
The inner surface of the outer shell is coated with rubber so that water will not enter the interior even if scratched by impact.
  The hatch can be fastened (closed) by turning the handle from the inside after the evacuees enter. The handle core (such as a square cross section) can be seen from the outside, and the handle can be operated from the outside. After closing the door, the external handle 43B may be removed (see FIG. 9). In this manner, by removing the external handle 43B, the structure has no protrusion to the outside, and therefore, the cause of being caught in the drifting object on the water surface can be removed. After the rescue, the hatch can be opened by attaching an external handle 43B having a common structure to the core portion from the outside and turning it.
  Further, as a structure for locking the hatch from the inside, for example, as shown in FIG. The hatch 4 is pressed against the surface of the outer shell 2 by being locked to the edge of the hatch opening and further turning the handle 43 so as to be sealed. The hatch needs to have sufficient strength and prevent flooding. As long as the hatch 4 is a structure that does not open by impact, various known structures can be adopted.
As shown in FIG. 10, when the hatch 4 is slid and a sufficient tightening allowance is reached, the top 44 urged by the spring is locked by being fitted into a recess provided in the hatch 4. To do.
The door can be opened from the outside by releasing the lock by pushing the frame 44 out of the recess. Since the top 44 is not exposed to the outside of the outer shell 2, the door does not accidentally open when it hits.
As shown in FIG. 11, a plurality of bearings 24 are arranged between the outer shell 2 and the seat portion 23 so that the seat member 23 is slidably supported in the outer shell 2, and the outer shell 2 is drifted when drifting. Even if it tilts due to shaking, it is equipped with an automatic posture correction function that automatically corrects the tilt and absorbs shaking by the downward gravity acting on the seat part 23 and the evacuees so as to keep the life capsule for tsunami and flood stable You may comprise.
In this case, an urging force is applied by at least three springs 25 so as to be stabilized at a predetermined reference inclination so that the seat portion 23 does not shake excessively, and the seat portion 23 is automatically returned to a predetermined posture. A function of preventing excessive shaking may be provided.
A small-diameter pipe that opens to the outside of the outer shell may be provided on the upper part of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule for introducing outside air into the sealed space. This small-diameter pipe is formed in an S shape to prevent water from entering from the outside. In addition, a cap that can be opened and closed is provided at the inner end of the small-diameter pipe, and it is closed when it is necessary to prevent flooding, and it is opened when external air introduction is necessary.
A small window that can be opened and closed above the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule can be opened and ventilated in hot weather.
The outer shell of a tsunami / flood life-saving capsule should be painted in various fluorescent colors to make it easier for searchers to find. It is recommended to paint at least the upper half area on the water surface.
In addition, an identification number composed of numbers, symbols, etc. is written on the upper part of the outer shell and registered in advance, so that an evacuee can be specified when discovered.
With the exception of the stationary type, the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule having the above-described configuration can be dragged or rolled before use.
A manual or battery-powered drainage pump should be attached to the bottom of the outer shell of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule.
It is advisable to equip the inner surface of the outer shell of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule with the following equipment.
・ Small oar (with hook), rope, helmet, oxygen cylinder, flashlight, spare battery,
Drinking water, emergency food, life jacket, etc.
-Urethane sheet for heat insulation.
-Heating material containing lime or iron-based powder for heating (in a bag).
・ Communication means such as a radio (GPS function, can also be linked with a security company).
Tsunami and flood life capsules can be made small, so they can be hung on the rooftop, veranda or eaves when not in use.
If the material of the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule is made of reinforced rubber canvas, which is less rigid than FRP, etc., it will not take up space when folded. In this case, it is advisable to perform rapid gas filling by a chemical ignition reaction.
Further, the outer shell may be divided into a plurality of segments and folded, and in use, the outer shell may be unfolded and connected.
When the tsunami / flood life-saving capsule is not used for life-saving, it can be used as a private audio listening room or meditation space.
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Life capsule for tsunami / flood 2 Outer shell 3 Weight member 4 Hatch 5 Fin 6 Small wheels 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1F, 1G, 1H

Claims (4)

  1. By forming a sealed space of a size that allows people to enter inside with a waterproof material, so that buoyancy against water can be obtained,
    A tsunami / flood life-saving capsule comprising a weight member for balancing a predetermined direction of the sealed space downward.
  2. The tsunami / flood life-saving capsule according to claim 1, wherein the waterproof material has rigidity to hold the sealed space in a predetermined shape.
  3. A hatch structure that can be opened and closed in two states, an open state in which a person can enter and exit the sealed space and a sealed state in which a person cannot enter and exit and prevents water from entering from outside. The tsunami / flood lifesaving capsule according to any one of 1 to 2.
  4. 4. The shock absorber according to claim 1, wherein shock-absorbing means is provided in the sealed space formed of the waterproof material so as to buffer a shock to an internal person from the outside. 5. Life capsule for tsunami and flood.
JP2011074499A 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Life-saving capsule against tsunami and flood Pending JP2012206640A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2014069778A (en) * 2012-10-01 2014-04-21 Hanshin Glass Kogyo Kk Shelter for tidal wave
JP2014109112A (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-06-12 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Amphibious special vehicle
JP2014141875A (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-08-07 Hikari Resin Kogyo Co Ltd Evacuation shelter and manufacturing method thereof
US20140290555A1 (en) * 2013-03-28 2014-10-02 Muthu Chezhian Individual Tsunami Pod
JP5671718B2 (en) * 2011-11-18 2015-02-18 新洋技研工業株式会社 Disaster prevention shelter
JP2015193373A (en) * 2014-03-27 2015-11-05 株式会社光レジン工業 Substantially box-type shelter with multiple hatches
JP2016020591A (en) * 2014-07-15 2016-02-04 大日本プラスチックス株式会社 Pipe structure for evacuation
CN108144210A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-06-12 中合国际知识产权股份有限公司 A kind of fire rescue capsule

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004322939A (en) * 2003-04-28 2004-11-18 Fumitsugu Matsuba Floating type shelter set on ground for protection against tsunami or flood
JP2006158874A (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-22 Iwai Tadanori Tsunami or flood disaster refuge equipment
WO2007032724A1 (en) * 2005-09-16 2007-03-22 Ingenjörsfirman Sesörelius Ab Rescue capsule with buoyancy elements and water ballast tanks

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004322939A (en) * 2003-04-28 2004-11-18 Fumitsugu Matsuba Floating type shelter set on ground for protection against tsunami or flood
JP2006158874A (en) * 2004-12-10 2006-06-22 Iwai Tadanori Tsunami or flood disaster refuge equipment
WO2007032724A1 (en) * 2005-09-16 2007-03-22 Ingenjörsfirman Sesörelius Ab Rescue capsule with buoyancy elements and water ballast tanks

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5671718B2 (en) * 2011-11-18 2015-02-18 新洋技研工業株式会社 Disaster prevention shelter
JP2014069778A (en) * 2012-10-01 2014-04-21 Hanshin Glass Kogyo Kk Shelter for tidal wave
JP2014109112A (en) * 2012-11-30 2014-06-12 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Amphibious special vehicle
JP2014141875A (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-08-07 Hikari Resin Kogyo Co Ltd Evacuation shelter and manufacturing method thereof
JP2014141876A (en) * 2012-12-26 2014-08-07 Hikari Resin Kogyo Co Ltd Evacuation shelter
US20140290555A1 (en) * 2013-03-28 2014-10-02 Muthu Chezhian Individual Tsunami Pod
JP2015193373A (en) * 2014-03-27 2015-11-05 株式会社光レジン工業 Substantially box-type shelter with multiple hatches
JP2016020591A (en) * 2014-07-15 2016-02-04 大日本プラスチックス株式会社 Pipe structure for evacuation
CN108144210A (en) * 2017-12-23 2018-06-12 中合国际知识产权股份有限公司 A kind of fire rescue capsule

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