JP2011136895A - Laminated glass - Google Patents

Laminated glass Download PDF

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JP2011136895A
JP2011136895A JP2010176621A JP2010176621A JP2011136895A JP 2011136895 A JP2011136895 A JP 2011136895A JP 2010176621 A JP2010176621 A JP 2010176621A JP 2010176621 A JP2010176621 A JP 2010176621A JP 2011136895 A JP2011136895 A JP 2011136895A
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glass
glass plate
less
tempered glass
tempered
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JP5483262B2 (en
Inventor
Yuki Katayama
Akira Kishimoto
Shinkichi Miwa
Takashi Murata
晋吉 三和
暁 岸本
隆 村田
裕貴 片山
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Nippon Electric Glass Co Ltd
日本電気硝子株式会社
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a protective member such as touch panel display wherein a glass piece is hardly scattered even if the member is self-destroyed by an internal tensile stress though it is thin and it has high mechanical strengths and also the visibility of the display or the like is hardly reduced by long time use. <P>SOLUTION: The laminated glass is the laminated glass provided with a tempered glass plate which has a compressive stress layer on the surface and a non-tempered glass plate which does not have the compressive stress layer on the surface, and a board thickness of the tempered glass plate is ≤2.0 mm and also a board thickness of the non-tempered glass plate is ≤500 μm. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2011,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to a laminated glass, and more particularly to a laminated glass suitable for a mobile phone, a digital camera, a PDA (mobile terminal), a touch panel display, and the like.

  Devices such as mobile phones, digital cameras, PDAs, and touch panel displays tend to become more and more popular.

  Glass plates for these applications are required to have characteristics such as thinness, light weight, and high strength. Currently, a tempered glass plate having a compressive stress layer on its surface is used as a glass plate for these applications (see Patent Document 1 and Non-Patent Document 1). The tempered glass plate is attached to the liquid crystal panel mainly through a touch panel.

JP 2006-83045 A

Tetsuro Izumiya et al., "New Glass and its Properties", first edition, Management System Laboratory, Inc., August 20, 1984, p. 451-498

  The greater the compressive stress value of the compressive stress layer or the greater the thickness of the compressive stress layer, the higher the mechanical strength of the tempered glass sheet.

  However, a tensile stress corresponding to the magnitude of the compressive stress is generated inside the tempered glass plate, and the tempered glass plate may be damaged by the tensile stress. Such internal tensile stress increases as the compressive stress value of the compressive stress layer increases, the compressive stress layer increases in thickness, or the tempered glass plate decreases in thickness.

  The internal tensile stress can be calculated by the following formula.

[Internal tensile stress] = ([Compressive stress value of compressive stress layer] × [Thickness of compressive stress layer]) / ([Thickness] − [Thickness of compressive stress layer] × 2)
When it is difficult to measure the internal tensile stress with a surface stress meter such as a laminated glass, the internal tensile stress can be calculated using the following formula 1, Senarmont method by observing with a polarizing microscope from the cross-sectional direction of the tempered glass plate. it can.

σ: compression stress value (MPa), λ: light source wavelength, R: optical elastic constant ((nm / cm) / (kg / cm 2 )), t: optical path length (cm, sample thickness), θ: rotation angle high If the strength tempered glass sheet is made thinner, the tempered glass sheet may be self-destructed due to internal tensile stress. When such a tempered glass plate is incorporated as a cover glass in a housing such as a mobile phone, the tempered glass plate may be scattered when the tempered glass plate self-destructs.

  In order to prevent scattering due to self-destruction, a tempered glass plate with a resin film attached to the surface has been proposed. However, the resin film is prone to scratches on the surface and is particularly useful as a protective member for devices such as touch panel displays. When used for a period, the appearance is impaired and the visibility of the display is reduced.

  On the other hand, when the tempered glass plate is put out on the outer surface side and the touch panel (or liquid crystal panel) and the tempered glass plate are bonded together with a resin film, the scattering prevention effect and the scratch prevention effect can be enjoyed to some extent. However, in such a configuration, a touch panel (or liquid crystal panel) that has already been completed is pasted together, and once a bonding failure occurs, even a good touch panel (or liquid crystal panel) becomes a defective product, Manufacturing costs will soar.

  Therefore, the present invention is thin and has high mechanical strength, but it is difficult for glass pieces to scatter even when self-destructing due to internal tensile stress, and the visibility of a display or the like is unlikely to deteriorate due to long-term use. The technical problem is to create a protective member such as a touch panel display.

  As a result of intensive studies, the inventor has found that the above technical problem can be solved by using a laminated glass obtained by laminating a tempered glass plate and a thin unreinforced glass plate, and proposes the present invention. is there. That is, the laminated glass of the present invention is a laminated glass comprising a tempered glass plate having a compressive stress layer on its surface and an unreinforced glass plate not having a compressive stress layer on its surface, and the thickness of the tempered glass plate is 2 0.0 mm or less, and the thickness of the unstrengthened glass plate is 500 μm or less. The number of tempered glass plates and untempered glass plates is not particularly limited, but considering the thickness of the entire laminated glass, one tempered glass plate and one untempered glass plate, or one tempered glass plate and not yet. A combination of two tempered glass plates is preferred.

  By bonding an unreinforced glass plate having a thickness of 500 μm or less to a tempered glass plate having a thickness of 2.0 mm or less, the mechanical strength of the laminated glass can be increased while reducing the thickness of the entire laminated glass. Further, by bonding the unstrengthened glass plate to the tempered glass plate, even when the tempered glass plate self-destructs due to internal tensile stress, it is possible to prevent the glass pieces from scattering. Furthermore, since the surface of the unstrengthened glass plate is difficult to be damaged, it is possible to prevent a situation in which the visibility of a display or the like is lowered due to long-term use.

  Secondly, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that the surface roughness (Ra) of the tempered glass sheet is 10 mm or less and the surface roughness (Ra) of the unstrengthened glass sheet is 10 mm or less. Here, “surface roughness (Ra)” refers to a value measured by a method based on JIS B0601: 2001.

  Thirdly, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that a tempered glass plate and an unreinforced glass plate are bonded with a resin.

  Fourthly, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that the outer dimension of the untempered glass sheet is equal to or smaller than the outer dimension of the tempered glass sheet. If it does in this way, it will become easy to prevent breakage of a non-tempered glass board.

Fifth, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that the difference in thermal expansion coefficient between the tempered glass plate and the untempered glass plate is 50 × 10 −7 / ° C. or less. Here, the “thermal expansion coefficient” refers to an average value in a temperature range of 30 to 380 ° C., and can be measured by, for example, a dilatometer.

  Sixth, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that the compression stress value of the compression stress layer of the tempered glass sheet is 50 MPa or more and the thickness of the compression stress layer is 20 μm or more. Here, the “compressive stress value of the compressive stress layer” and the “thickness of the compressive stress layer” are calculated from the number of interference fringes observed by a surface stress meter (for example, FSM-6000 manufactured by Toshiba Corporation) and its interval. be able to.

Seventh, in the laminated glass of the present invention, the tempered glass plate has a glass composition of mass%, SiO 2 45 to 75%, Al 2 O 3 1 to 25%, Li 2 O 0 to 9%, Na 2. It contains 0 to 20% of O, 0 to 8% of K 2 O, and is substantially free of As 2 O 3 , F, and PbO. Here, “substantially does not contain As 2 O 3 ” refers to the case where the content of As 2 O 3 in the glass composition is 0.1% or less. Further, “substantially free of F” refers to the case where the F content in the glass composition is 0.05% or less. Furthermore, “substantially does not contain PbO” refers to a case where the content of PbO in the glass composition is 0.1% or less.

  Eighth, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that a tempered glass plate is formed by a down draw method (preferably an overflow down draw method). Here, the “overflow down draw method” is also referred to as a fusion method. The molten glass is overflowed from both sides of the heat-resistant cage structure, and the overflowed molten glass is joined at the lower end of the cage structure. However, this is a method of producing a glass plate by drawing downward.

Ninthly, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that the liquid phase viscosity of the tempered glass plate is 10 4.0 dPa · s or more. Here, “liquid phase viscosity” refers to a value obtained by measuring the viscosity of glass at the liquid phase temperature by a platinum ball pulling method. “Liquid phase temperature” refers to a glass powder that passes through a standard mesh of 30 mesh (a sieve opening of 500 μm) and remains in a mesh of 50 mesh (a sieve opening of 300 μm) in a platinum boat for 24 hours in a temperature gradient furnace. After holding, it refers to the lowest temperature at which crystals precipitate (initial phase precipitation temperature).

  Tenth, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that the tempered glass plate has a Young's modulus of 67 GPa or more. Here, “Young's modulus” refers to a value measured by a resonance method.

  Eleventh, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that the internal tensile stress of the tempered glass sheet is 20 MPa or more. When the internal tensile stress of the tempered glass plate is 20 MPa or more, it is necessary to bond an unstrengthened glass plate to the tempered glass plate in order to prevent scattering of glass pieces due to self-destruction of the tempered glass plate.

  Twelfth, the laminated glass of the present invention is characterized in that an unstrengthened glass plate is formed by a down draw method (preferably an overflow down draw method).

  13thly, the laminated glass of this invention is characterized by the plate | board thickness of an unstrengthened glass plate being 200 micrometers or less.

  14thly, the laminated glass of this invention is used for a display.

  15thly, the laminated glass of this invention is used for the protection member of a touchscreen display, It is characterized by the above-mentioned.

  In the laminated glass of the present invention, the tempered glass plate has a thickness of 2.0 mm or less, and the unreinforced glass plate has a thickness of 500 μm or less.

  The thickness of the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention is 2.0 mm or less, preferably 1.0 mm or less, 0.8 mm or less, 0.7 mm or less, 0.5 mm or less, 0.4 mm or less, particularly 0.3 mm or less. . As the thickness of the tempered glass plate is smaller, the laminated glass can be made thinner and lighter. However, if the thickness of the tempered glass plate is less than 0.1 mm, the tempered glass plate is more likely to self-destruct during the tempering process, the production yield of the tempered glass plate is reduced, and the mechanical strength of the laminated glass is reduced. It becomes difficult to secure. Therefore, the thickness of the tempered glass plate is preferably 0.1 mm or more, particularly preferably 0.2 mm or more.

  The thickness of the unstrengthened glass plate according to the present invention is 500 μm or less, preferably 400 μm or less, 300 μm or less, 200 μm or less, 100 μm or less, particularly 50 μm or less. The thinner and lighter the laminated glass can be, the smaller the unreinforced glass plate is. However, when the thickness of the unstrengthened glass plate is 10 μm or less, it becomes difficult to ensure the mechanical strength of the laminated glass. In addition, when the thickness of the unstrengthened glass plate is 10 μm or less, the unstrengthened glass plate is disposed on the device side and bonded to the housing, liquid crystal panel, touch panel, etc. via a double-sided tape etc. In this case, the unstrengthened glass plate is easily broken.

  In the laminated glass of the present invention, the ratio of (thickness of unstrengthened glass plate) / (thickness of tempered glass) is 0.01 to 1, 0.03 to 1, 0.06 to 1, 0.08 to 1. 0.1 to 0.1, 0.15 to 1, 0.2 to 0.9, particularly 0.3 to 0.8. If it does in this way, it will become easy to raise the mechanical strength of a laminated glass. When the ratio of (thickness of unstrengthened glass plate) / (thickness of tempered glass) is greater than 1, the tempered glass plate is likely to be self-destructed and the glass pieces are likely to be scattered. On the other hand, if the ratio of (thickness of unstrengthened glass plate) / (thickness of tempered glass) is smaller than 0.01, the possibility of breakage of the unstrengthened glass plate increases.

  The thickness of the laminated glass of the present invention is preferably 2.0 mm or less, 1.5 mm or less, 1.3 mm or less, 1 mm or less, 0.9 mm or less, 0.7 mm or less, particularly 0.5 mm or less. The thinner and lighter the laminated glass can be, the smaller the laminated glass is.

  The surface roughness (Ra) of the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention is preferably 10 mm or less, 8 mm or less, 6 mm or less, particularly 4 mm or less. Further, the surface roughness (Ra) of the unstrengthened glass plate according to the present invention is also preferably 10 mm or less, 8 mm or less, 6 mm or less, particularly 4 mm or less. If the surface roughness (Ra) of the tempered glass plate and / or the non-tempered glass plate is larger than 10 mm, air may be involved during the bonding, resulting in a failure, or the mechanical strength of the laminated glass may be reduced.

  In the laminated glass of the present invention, it is preferable that a tempered glass plate and an unreinforced glass plate are bonded with a resin. As the resin, ultraviolet curable resin, thermosetting resin and the like are preferable in terms of workability. For example, methacrylic resin (PMA), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS) , Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), cellulose acetate (CA), diallyl phthalate resin (DAP), urea resin (UP), polyvinyl butyral (PVB), polyvinyl formal (PVF), polyvinyl alcohol (PVAL), vinyl acetate resin (PVAc) ), Ionomer (IO), polymethylpentene (TPX), polyethylene (PE), ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA), melamine resin (MF), unsaturated polyester (UP), vinylidene chloride (PVDC), polysulfone (PS ), Perfluororesin such as polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), methacryl-styrene copolymer resin (MS), polyarate (PAR), polyallylsulfone (PASF), polybutadiene (BR), polyethersulfone (PESF), polyether Ether ketone (PEEK), polycarbonate (PC), etc. can be used.

  In the laminated glass of the present invention, the value of [(maximum outer dimension of tempered glass plate) − (maximum outer dimension of unreinforced glass plate)] is 1.0 mm or less, 0.5 mm or less, 0.3 mm or less, 0.1 mm. Hereinafter, 0.08 mm or less, 0.05 mm or less, 0.03 mm or less, and particularly 0.01 mm or less are preferable. When the value of [(maximum outer dimension of tempered glass plate) − (maximum outer dimension of untempered glass plate)] is greater than 0.5 mm, the appearance of the laminated glass tends to be impaired. On the other hand, when the value of [(maximum outer dimension of tempered glass plate) − (maximum outer dimension of unstrengthened glass plate)] becomes negative, the unstrengthened glass plate is easily broken.

In the laminated glass of the present invention, the difference in thermal expansion coefficient between the tempered glass plate and the untempered glass plate is 50 × 10 −7 / ° C. or less, 30 × 10 −7 / ° C. or less, 10 × 10 −7 / ° C. or less, 5 × 10 −7 / ° C. or lower, 3 × 10 −7 / ° C. or lower, 1 × 10 −7 / ° C. or lower, and particularly preferably 0.5 × 10 −7 / ° C. or lower. As the difference in thermal expansion coefficient is smaller, warpage or the like is less likely to occur even when the tempered glass plate and the unreinforced glass plate are bonded with a thermosetting resin or the like.

The tempered glass sheet according to the present invention has a compressive stress layer on its surface. Methods for forming a compressive stress layer on the surface include physical strengthening, chemical strengthening, and laminating. The tempered glass plate according to the present invention preferably has a compressive stress layer formed by a chemical tempering method. The chemical strengthening method is a method of introducing alkali ions having a large ion radius to the surface of a glass plate by ion exchange at a temperature below the strain point of the glass. The ion exchange conditions are not particularly limited, and may be determined in consideration of the viscosity characteristics of the glass. In particular, when K 2 O in KNO 3 molten salt is ion-exchanged with Li 2 O and Na 2 O in a glass plate, a compressive stress layer can be efficiently formed on the surface of the glass plate. If the compressive stress layer is formed by the chemical strengthening method, the compressive stress layer can be satisfactorily formed even if the thickness of the glass plate is small, and a desired mechanical strength can be obtained.

The tempered glass sheet according to the present invention has a compressive stress layer on the surface. The compressive stress value of the compressive stress layer is preferably 50 MPa or more, 100 MPa or more, 200 MPa or more, 300 MPa or more, 400 MPa or more, 500 MPa or more, 600 MPa or more, 700 MPa or more, and particularly preferably 800 MPa or more. The larger the compressive stress value, the higher the mechanical strength of the tempered glass sheet, and as a result, the mechanical strength of the laminated glass increases. The thickness of the compressive stress layer is preferably 20 μm or more, 25 μm or more, 30 μm or more, 35 μm or more, 40 μm or more, 45 μm or more, 50 μm or more, particularly 55 μm or more. When the thickness of the compressive stress layer is too small, breakage starting from a polishing mark formed on the tempered glass plate, a handling flaw or the like is likely to occur. On the other hand, if the thickness of the compressive stress layer is too large, the internal tensile stress of the tempered glass plate becomes too high, and the tempered glass plate tends to self-destruct. For this reason, the thickness of the compressive stress layer is preferably 200 μm or less, 150 μm or less, 120 μm or less, and particularly preferably 100 μm or less. In addition, as a method of forming a compressive stress layer on the surface, a method of immersing in KNO 3 molten salt at 350 to 500 ° C. for 2 to 24 hours is preferable.

  The reason for limiting the glass composition range as described above in the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention will be described below. In addition, the following% display points out the mass% except the case where there is particular notice.

SiO 2 is a component that forms a network, and its content is 45 to 75%, preferably 50 to 75%, more preferably 52 to 65%, and still more preferably 52 to 63%. When the content of SiO 2 is increased, the meltability and moldability are lowered, the thermal expansion coefficient is too low, and it is difficult to match the thermal expansion coefficient of the surrounding materials. On the other hand, when the content of SiO 2 decreases, the thermal expansion coefficient becomes too high, and the thermal shock resistance tends to decrease. If the content of SiO 2 is reduced, or hardly be vitrified, devitrification resistance is liable to decrease.

Al 2 O 3 is a component that enhances heat resistance, ion exchange performance, and Young's modulus, and its content is 1 to 25%. When the content of Al 2 O 3 increases, devitrified crystals are likely to precipitate on the glass, or the thermal expansion coefficient becomes too low, making it difficult to match the thermal expansion coefficient of the surrounding materials. Further, when the content of Al 2 O 3 is increased, the high temperature viscosity becomes higher, there is a possibility that the meltability decreases. On the other hand, when the content of Al 2 O 3 decreases, there is a possibility that the ion exchange performance cannot be sufficiently exhibited. From the above viewpoint, the preferable upper limit range of Al 2 O 3 is 20% or less, 17% or less, 16.5% or less, 16% or less, particularly 15% or less, and the preferable lower limit range is 1.5% or more, 3% or more, 5% or more, 10% or more, particularly 12% or more.

Li 2 O is an ion-exchange component, a component that lowers the high-temperature viscosity to improve the meltability and moldability, and further increases the Young's modulus. The content of Li 2 O is 0 to 9%, preferably 0 to 3.5%, more preferably 0 to 1%, and still more preferably 0 to 0.1%. If the content of Li 2 O increases, the glass tends to devitrify, the liquid phase viscosity decreases, the thermal expansion coefficient becomes too high, the thermal shock resistance decreases, and the heat of the surrounding materials It becomes difficult to match the expansion coefficient. Moreover, when the content of Li 2 O is increased, the strain point is excessively lowered and the heat resistance may be lowered, or the ion exchange performance may be lowered.

Na 2 O is an ion-exchange component, and is a component that lowers the high-temperature viscosity to improve the meltability and moldability, and increase the devitrification resistance. The content of Na 2 O is 0 to 20%, preferably 8 to 20%, more preferably 10 to 18%, still more preferably 11 to 16%, and most preferably 11 to 15%. When the content of Na 2 O is increased, the thermal expansion coefficient becomes too high, the thermal shock resistance is lowered, and it becomes difficult to match the thermal expansion coefficient of the surrounding materials. Further, when the content of Na 2 O is increased, the strain point is excessively lowered, and the heat resistance may be lowered, or the ion exchange performance may be lowered. Further, when the content of Na 2 O is too large, is impaired balance of components glass composition, devitrification resistance conversely tends to decrease.

K 2 O is a component that has a large effect of promoting ion exchange, particularly an effect of deeply forming a compressive stress layer among alkali metal oxides. K 2 O is a component that lowers the high-temperature viscosity to improve the meltability and moldability, or lower the crack generation rate. Further, K 2 O is also a component improving devitrification resistance. The content of K 2 O is 0 to 8%, preferably 0.5 to 8%, more preferably 1 to 8%, still more preferably 2 to 8%, and particularly preferably 3 to 7%. When the content of K 2 O is increased, the thermal expansion coefficient becomes too high, the thermal shock resistance is lowered, and it becomes difficult to match the thermal expansion coefficient of the surrounding materials. If the content of K 2 O is too large, is impaired balance of components glass composition, devitrification resistance conversely tends to decrease.

In the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention, after forming a compressive stress layer by ion exchange treatment, a part of the compressive stress layer in the thickness direction is removed to reduce internal tensile stress and prevent a situation from breaking from the end face. Therefore, it is preferable not to remove the compressive stress layer on the end face. In order to perform such treatment accurately, it is preferable to increase the compressive stress value and thickness of the compressive stress layer, and the mass ratio (Al 2 O 3 + K 2 O) / Na 2 O is set to 0.1 to 0.1. 6.5, 0.1 to 5, 0.2 to 3, 0.2 to 2.5, 0.4 to 2, 0.7 to 1.7, especially 1.0 to 1.5 Is preferred. When the value of the mass ratio (Al 2 O 3 + K 2 O) / Na 2 O is smaller than 0.1, it is difficult to sufficiently increase the compressive stress value and thickness of the compressive stress layer. On the other hand, when the value of the mass ratio (Al 2 O 3 + K 2 O) / Na 2 O is larger than 6.5, the devitrification resistance is liable to be reduced, and the content of Na 2 O is insufficient and the compression is performed. The stress value tends to decrease.

Li 2 O + Na 2 O + K 2 O When the content of (Li 2 O, Na 2 O , K 2 O of total amount) is too large, in addition to the glass tends to be devitrified, the thermal expansion coefficient becomes too high As a result, the thermal shock resistance is lowered, and warping due to a difference in thermal expansion is likely to occur when the tempered glass plate and the unreinforced glass plate are bonded together. Further, when the content of Li 2 O + Na 2 O + K 2 O is too large, the strain point excessively lowers, the compression stress value of the compressive stress layer is likely to excessively decrease. Therefore, the content of Li 2 O + Na 2 O + K 2 O is preferably 30% or less, 22% or less, and particularly preferably 20% or less. On the other hand, when the content of Li 2 O + Na 2 O + K 2 O is too small, the ion exchange performance and meltability is liable to decrease. Therefore, the content of Li 2 O + Na 2 O + K 2 O is preferably 5% or more, 10% or more, 13% or more, 15% or more, particularly 17% or more.

As 2 O 3 and F are components having a clarification effect, but they may have an adverse effect on the environment, so it is preferable that they are not substantially contained. Moreover, since PbO is an environmental load substance, it is preferable not to contain PbO substantially.

  In addition to the above components, the following components can be added.

B 2 O 3 is a component that lowers the liquidus temperature, high-temperature viscosity, and density, and its content is preferably 0 to 7%, 0 to 5%, 0 to 3%, particularly preferably 0 to 1%. When the content of B 2 O 3 increases, burns occur on the surface due to ion exchange, water resistance decreases, low temperature viscosity decreases excessively, and the compressive stress value of the compressive stress layer tends to decrease.

TiO 2 is a component that enhances the ion exchange performance and increases the mechanical strength of the glass plate, but if its content is too large, the glass tends to be devitrified or colored. Therefore, the content of TiO 2 is preferably 0 to 10%, 0 to 5%, 0 to 1%, particularly preferably 0 to 0.5%, and is desirably not substantially contained. Here, “substantially does not contain TiO 2 ” refers to the case where the content of TiO 2 in the glass composition is 0.1% or less.

  If an appropriate amount of ZnO is added to the glass system according to the present invention, the compressive stress value of the compressive stress layer tends to increase. ZnO is a component that lowers the high-temperature viscosity and increases the Young's modulus. However, when the content of ZnO increases, the density and thermal expansion coefficient become excessively high, and the devitrification resistance tends to decrease. Therefore, the content of ZnO is preferably 0 to 15%, 0 to 10%, 0 to 2%, 0 to 0.5%, particularly preferably 0 to 0.1%.

  MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO (total amount of MgO, CaO, SrO, BaO) is a component that can be added for various purposes. However, when the content of MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO increases, the density and thermal expansion coefficient increase and the devitrification resistance decreases, and the ion exchange performance tends to decrease. Therefore, the content of MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO is preferably 0 to 16%, 0 to 10%, particularly preferably 0 to 6%.

  MgO is a component that lowers the high-temperature viscosity to increase meltability and moldability, and increases the strain point and Young's modulus. MgO is a component having a relatively large effect of improving ion exchange performance among alkaline earth metal oxides. However, when the content of MgO increases, the density, thermal expansion coefficient and crack generation rate increase, and the glass tends to devitrify. Therefore, the MgO content is preferably 10% or less, 9% or less, 6% or less, 4% or less, and particularly preferably 3% or less.

  CaO is a component that lowers the high-temperature viscosity to increase meltability and moldability, and increases the strain point and Young's modulus. However, if the content of CaO increases, the density, thermal expansion coefficient and crack generation rate increase, and the glass tends to devitrify. Therefore, the content is preferably 10% or less, 8% or less, 5% or less, and particularly preferably 3% or less.

  SrO is a component that lowers the high-temperature viscosity to increase the meltability and moldability, and increases the strain point and Young's modulus. However, when the SrO content increases, the density, thermal expansion coefficient and crack generation rate increase, the glass tends to devitrify, and the ion exchange performance tends to decrease. Therefore, the content of SrO is preferably 10% or less, 8% or less, 5% or less, 3% or less, 1% or less, 0.8% or less, particularly preferably 0.5% or less, and it is desirable that the content is not substantially contained. . Here, “substantially does not contain SrO” refers to a case where the content of SrO in the glass composition is 0.2% or less.

  BaO is a component that lowers the high-temperature viscosity to increase the meltability and moldability, and increases the strain point and Young's modulus. However, when the content of BaO increases, the density, thermal expansion coefficient and crack generation rate increase, the glass tends to devitrify, and the ion exchange performance tends to decrease. Further, since the raw material compound of BaO is an environmentally hazardous substance, it is desirable to refrain from using it as much as possible from an environmental viewpoint. Therefore, the content of BaO is preferably 3% or less, 2.5% or less, 2% or less, 1% or less, 0.8% or less, particularly 0.5% or less, and it is desirable that the content of BaO is not substantially contained. Here, “substantially does not contain BaO” refers to a case where the content of BaO in the glass composition is 0.1% or less.

ZrO 2 is a component that increases the strain point, Young's modulus, and ion exchange performance, and is a component that decreases high temperature viscosity. However, when the ZrO 2 content is increased, the devitrification resistance may be extremely lowered. Therefore, the content of ZrO 2 is 0 to 10%, 0 to 9%, 2 to 9%, 3 to 9%, 3 to 8%, 3.5 to 7%, 3.5 to 6%, particularly 3. 5 to 5.5% is preferable.

P 2 O 5 is a component that enhances the ion exchange performance, and is particularly a component that has a large effect of deeply forming a compressive stress layer. However, when the content of P 2 O 5 is increased, the glass is phase-separated and the water resistance is liable to be lowered. Therefore, the content of P 2 O 5 is preferably 5% or less, 4% or less, 3% or less, 2% or less, 1% or less, and particularly preferably 0.5% or less.

When the value obtained by dividing MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO by Li 2 O + Na 2 O + K 2 O increases, the density becomes too high or the devitrification resistance tends to decrease. Therefore, the value of the mass ratio (MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO) / (Li 2 O + Na 2 O + K 2 O) is preferably 0.5 or less, 0.4 or less, 0.3 or less, 0.2 or less, and particularly preferably 0.1 or less.

As a fining agent, it is preferable to add 0 to 3% of one or more selected from the group of SO 3 , Cl, CeO 2 , Sb 2 O 3 and SnO 2 . As 2 O 3 and F exhibit a clarification effect, but as described above, they may have an adverse effect on the environment. Further, Sb 2 O 3 is less toxic than As 2 O 3 , but it may be preferable to reduce the addition amount, and it may be preferable not to contain it substantially. Here, “substantially does not contain Sb 2 O 3 ” refers to a case where the content of Sb 2 O 3 in the glass composition is 0.1% or less. Considering environmental load and clarification effect, SnO 2 is preferable as the clarifier, and its content is preferably 0.01 to 3%, particularly preferably 0.05 to 1%. Further, Sb 2 O 3 and SO 3 have a great effect of suppressing a decrease in transmittance, and therefore are clarifiers suitable for applications requiring high transmittance, and the total content is 0.001 to 0.001. 5% is preferred.

Rare earth oxides such as Nb 2 O 5 and La 2 O 3 are components that increase the Young's modulus. However, the rare earth oxide is a component having a high raw material cost, and its devitrification resistance tends to be lowered when it is contained in a large amount. Therefore, the rare earth oxide content is preferably 3% or less, 2% or less, 1% or less, and particularly preferably 0.5% or less, and it is desirable that the rare earth oxide is not substantially contained. Here, “substantially no rare earth oxide” refers to the case where the content of the rare earth oxide in the glass composition is 0.1% or less.

  In addition, transition metal oxides, such as Co, Ni, and Cu, are coloring components and are components that reduce the transmittance of the glass plate. In particular, in the case of a display application, if the content of the transition metal oxide increases, the visibility of the display may be impaired. Therefore, it is desirable to adjust the amount of raw materials and cullet used so that the content of the transition metal oxide is 0.5% or less, 0.1% or less, particularly 0.05% or less.

Of course, it is naturally possible to configure a suitable glass composition range by appropriately combining the preferred ranges of the above-mentioned components, and within that, a more suitable glass composition range is:
(1) SiO 2 45~75%, Al 2 O 3 1~25%, Li 2 O 0~9%, Na 2 O 7~20%, containing K 2 O 0~8%, being substantially free of As Does not contain 2 O 3 , F, PbO,
(2) SiO 2 45~75%, Al 2 O 3 3~25%, Li 2 O 0~3.5%, Na 2 O 7~20%, containing K 2 O 0~7%, the weight ratio The value of (Al 2 O 3 + K 2 O) / Na 2 O is 0.1 to 3, and substantially does not contain As 2 O 3 , F, or PbO.
(3) SiO 2 45~70%, Al 2 O 3 10~20%, Li 2 O 0~3%, Na 2 O 7~20%, containing K 2 O 0~7%, the mass ratio (Al 2 O 3 + K 2 O) / value of Na 2 O is 0.5 to 2, and is substantially free of as 2 O 3, F, PbO ,
(4) SiO 2 45~65%, Al 2 O 3 10~20%, Li 2 O 0~3%, Na 2 O 7~16%, K 2 O 0~7%, MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO 0~10%, by weight The ratio (Al 2 O 3 + K 2 O) / Na 2 O is 0.3-1.8 and contains substantially no As 2 O 3 , F, PbO,
(5) SiO 2 45~65%, Al 2 O 3 11~20%, Li 2 O 0~3%, Na 2 O 7~16%, K 2 O 0~7%, 0~3% MgO, MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO 0 to 9%, the value of mass ratio (Al 2 O 3 + K 2 O) / Na 2 O is 1 to 1.5, and substantially does not contain As 2 O 3 , F, or PbO.
(6) SiO 2 50~63%, Al 2 O 3 11~18%, Li 2 O 0~2%, Na 2 O 8~15.5%, K 2 O 0~6%, MgO 0~3% MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO 0 to 8%, the value of mass ratio (Al 2 O 3 + K 2 O) / Na 2 O is 1 to 1.5, and substantially does not contain As 2 O 3 , F, or PbO.
(7) SiO 2 50~63%, Al 2 O 3 11~16%, Li 2 O 0~1%, Na 2 O 8~15%, K 2 O 0.1~5%, MgO 0~2. 5%, MgO + CaO + SrO + BaO 0-6%, the value of mass ratio (Al 2 O 3 + K 2 O) / Na 2 O is 1-1.5, and substantially no As 2 O 3 , F, PbO. . As described above, if the glass composition range is regulated, it is easy to ensure viscosity characteristics suitable for molding by the overflow downdraw method while significantly increasing devitrification resistance, and ion exchange performance can be remarkably enhanced. .

  The tempered glass sheet according to the present invention preferably has the following characteristics.

  In the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention, the liquidus temperature is preferably 1200 ° C. or lower, 1100 ° C. or lower, 1050 ° C. or lower, 1000 ° C. or lower, 930 ° C. or lower, 900 ° C. or lower, particularly 880 ° C. or lower. The lower the liquidus temperature, the more difficult it is to devitrify the glass during molding by the overflow downdraw method or the like.

In the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention, the liquid phase viscosity is 10 4.0 dPa · s or more, 10 4.3 dPa · s or more, 10 4.5 dPa · s or more, 10 5.0 dPa · s or more, 10 5.5 dPa · s or more, 10 5.7 dPa · s or more, 10 5.9 dPa · s or more, and particularly preferably 10 6.0 dPa · s or more. The higher the liquid phase viscosity, the more difficult the glass becomes devitrified during molding by the overflow downdraw method or the like.

In tempered glass plate according to the present invention, the density is 2.8 g / cm 3 or less, 2.7 g / cm 3 or less, 2.6 g / cm 3 or less, 2.57 g / cm 3 or less, 2.55 g / cm 3 or less , 2.5 g / cm 3 or less, 2.45 g / cm 3 or less, especially 2.4 g / cm 3 or less. The lower the density, the lighter the laminated glass. The “density” can be measured by a known Archimedes method or the like.

In the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention, the thermal expansion coefficient is 30 to 110 × 10 −7 / ° C., 70 to 105 × 10 −7 / ° C., 75 to 100 × 10 −7 / ° C., 80 to 100 × 10 −7. / ° C., particularly 80 to 90 × 10 −7 / ° C. is preferable. If the thermal expansion coefficient is regulated within the above range, it becomes easy to match the thermal expansion coefficient of a member such as a metal or an organic adhesive, and peeling of the member such as a metal or an organic adhesive can be prevented.

In the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention, the temperature at 10 2.5 dPa · s is preferably 1700 ° C. or lower, 1600 ° C. or lower, 1560 ° C. or lower, 1500 ° C. or lower, 1450 ° C. or lower, 1420 ° C. or lower, particularly 1400 ° C. or lower. The lower the temperature at 10 2.5 dPa · s, the smaller the load on glass manufacturing equipment such as a melting kiln, and the higher the bubble quality. Furthermore, the lower the temperature at 10 2.5 dPa · s, the more the glass can be melted at a lower temperature. The temperature at 10 2.5 dPa · s corresponds to the melting temperature. Therefore, the tempered glass sheet can be manufactured at a lower cost as the temperature at 10 2.5 dPa · s is lower. Here, “temperature at 10 2.5 dPa · s” refers to a value measured by a platinum ball pulling method.

  In the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention, the Young's modulus is preferably 67 GPa or more, 68 GPa or more, 70 GPa or more, 71 GPa or more, particularly 73 GPa or more. The higher the Young's modulus, the more difficult it is for the tempered glass plate to bend.Therefore, when the display is pressed with a pen or the like in a device such as a touch panel display, it becomes difficult to press the liquid crystal element inside the device, resulting in display defects. It becomes difficult. On the other hand, if the Young's modulus is too high, when the tempered glass plate is deformed by being pushed with a pen or the like, the stress generated by the deformation tends to be high, and this tendency is particularly noticeable when the plate thickness is small. Therefore, the Young's modulus is preferably 100 GPa or less, 95 GPa or less, 90 GPa or less, 85 GPa or less, 80 GPa or less, particularly 78 GPa or less. The “Young's modulus” can be measured by a resonance method or the like.

In the tempered glass sheet according to the present invention, the specific Young's modulus is 27 GPa / (g / cm 3 ) or more, 28 GPa / (g / cm 3 ) or more, 29 GPa / (g / cm 3 ) or more, particularly 30 GPa / (g / cm). 3 ) or more is preferable. The higher the specific Young's modulus, the harder the glass plate bends due to its own weight, so when storing the tempered glass plate in a cassette or the like during the manufacturing process, it becomes possible to store the tempered glass plate with a reduced clearance between the tempered glass plates. As a result, the productivity of the tempered glass sheet is improved.

The tempered glass sheet according to the present invention is preferably formed by an overflow downdraw method. In this way, a glass plate that is unpolished and has good surface quality can be produced. The reason is that, in the case of the overflow downdraw method, the surface to be the surface of the glass plate is not in contact with the bowl-like refractory and is molded in a free surface state. The structure and material of the bowl-shaped structure are not particularly limited as long as desired dimensions and surface quality can be realized. Moreover, in order to perform the downward extending | stretching shaping | molding, the method of applying force with respect to a glass plate will not be specifically limited if a desired dimension and surface quality are realizable. For example, a method of rotating and stretching a heat-resistant roll having a sufficiently large width in contact with the glass plate may be adopted, or a plurality of pairs of heat-resistant rolls may be used only in the vicinity of the end face of the glass plate. You may employ | adopt the method of making it contact and extending | stretching. In addition, it becomes easy to shape | mold a glass plate by the overflow down draw method, so that liquid phase temperature is low and liquid phase viscosity is high. If the liquid phase temperature is 1300 ° C. or lower and the liquid phase viscosity is 10 4.0 dPa · s or higher, molding can be performed by an overflow down draw method.

  The tempered glass sheet according to the present invention can be formed by, for example, a float method, a slot-down method, a redraw method, a roll-out method, a press method, etc. in addition to the overflow down-draw method.

  In the laminated glass of the present invention, various materials can be used as the unstrengthened glass plate. For example, silicate glass, borosilicate glass, alkali-free glass, or the like can be used. Here, “non-alkali glass” refers to a glass having an alkali metal oxide content in the glass composition of 1000 ppm (mass) or less, preferably 500 ppm (mass) or less.

  In the laminated glass of the present invention, it is preferable to use glass having the same composition as the tempered glass plate (glass before tempering treatment) as the untempered glass plate. If it does in this way, it will become easy to match | combine the glass characteristic (thermal expansion coefficient etc.) of a tempered glass board and a non-tempered glass board, and the manufacturing cost of a laminated glass can be reduced.

  The unstrengthened glass plate according to the present invention is preferably formed by an overflow downdraw method. In this way, it is possible to produce a glass plate having a small plate thickness and an unpolished and good surface quality. The unstrengthened glass plate according to the present invention can be formed by, for example, a float method, a slot-down method, a redraw method, a roll-out method, a press method, etc. in addition to the overflow down-draw method.

  The laminated glass of the present invention is preferably used for a display, and more preferably used for a touch panel display. The touch panel display is mounted on a mobile phone, a digital camera, a PDA or the like. There is a strong demand for lighter, thinner, and higher strength touch panel displays for mobile applications. Although the laminated glass of the present invention is thin and has high mechanical strength, it is suitable for this application because it is difficult for glass pieces to scatter even if it self-destructs due to internal tensile stress. The laminated glass of the present invention is also suitable for a cover glass for protecting a liquid crystal display or the like mounted on a mobile phone, a digital camera or the like.

  Hereinafter, the present invention will be described based on examples.

  Tables 1 to 3 show tempered glass plates (sample Nos. 1 to 17) according to the present invention.

  Each sample was produced as follows. First, glass raw materials were prepared so as to have the glass composition described in the table, and melted at 1600 ° C. for 8 hours using a platinum pot. Thereafter, the molten glass was poured onto a carbon plate and formed into a plate shape. Various characteristics were evaluated about the obtained glass plate.

  The density is a value measured by a well-known Archimedes method.

  The strain point Ps and the annealing point Ta are values measured based on the method of ASTM C336.

  The softening point Ts is a value measured based on the method of ASTM C338.

The temperatures at 10 4.0 dPa · s, 10 3.0 dPa · s, and 10 2.5 dPa · s are values measured by a platinum ball pulling method.

  Thermal expansion coefficient (alpha) is the value which measured the average thermal expansion coefficient in 30-380 degreeC using the dilatometer.

  The liquidus temperature passes through a standard sieve 30 mesh (500 μm sieve opening), the glass powder remaining in 50 mesh (300 μm sieve opening) is placed in a platinum boat, and kept in a temperature gradient furnace for 24 hours. It is the value which measured the temperature which precipitates.

  The liquid phase viscosity is a value obtained by measuring the viscosity of glass at the liquid phase temperature by a platinum ball pulling method.

  The Young's modulus is a value measured by a resonance method.

As is apparent from Tables 1 to 3, sample No. 1 to 17 have a density of 2.8 g / cm 3 or less, a temperature at 10 2.5 dPa · s of 1650 ° C. or less, a thermal expansion coefficient of 44 to 100 × 10 −7 / ° C., and a liquid phase viscosity of 10 3. It was 7 dPa · s or more and Young's modulus was 67 GPa or more. In addition, although the glass composition of the surface layer is microscopically different before and after the ion exchange treatment, when viewed as a whole, the glass composition is not substantially different. Therefore, characteristic values such as density, viscosity, Young's modulus, etc. are not substantially different depending on the presence or absence of ion exchange.

Subsequently, after both surfaces of each sample were optically polished, an ion exchange treatment was performed. The ion exchange treatment was performed by immersing in KNO 3 molten salt at 410 ° C. for 4 hours or in KNO 3 molten salt at 440 ° C. for 6 hours. Finally, after cleaning the surface of each sample, using a surface stress meter (FSM-6000 manufactured by Toshiba Corporation), the compressive stress value and depth ( Thickness) was calculated. In the measurement, the refractive index was 1.52, and the photoelastic constant was 28 [(nm / cm) / MPa]. As a result, sample no. In Nos. 1 to 16, the compressive stress value of the compressive stress layer was 300 MPa or more and the depth was 5 μm or more.

  In addition, when manufacturing a tempered glass board on an industrial scale, after forming a glass board by the overflow down draw method etc., it is desirable to perform an ion exchange process in the state where both surfaces are unpolished.

In addition, sample No. A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 9 is put into a continuous melting furnace, this glass raw material is heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by the overflow down draw method, and is 40 mm × 80 mm × A 0.5 mm thick glass plate (Ra = 2 mm) was produced. Then, the glass plate was immersed in KNO 3 molten salt, ion exchange treatment under the conditions of 6 hours at 440 ° C., to produce a tempered glass. In addition, sample No. A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 9 was put into a continuous melting furnace, this glass raw material was heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by the overflow down draw method, 39.99 mm × An unstrengthened glass plate (Ra = 2Å) having a thickness of 79.99 mm × 0.05 mm was produced. Finally, a tempered glass plate and an unreinforced glass plate were bonded with an ultraviolet curable resin to produce a laminated glass. Sample No. Laminated glass was similarly prepared for 7, 8, and 10 to 16 (tempered glass plate).

In addition, sample No. A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 9 is put into a continuous melting furnace, this glass raw material is heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by the overflow down draw method, and is 40 mm × 80 mm × A 0.5 mm thick glass plate (Ra = 2 mm) was produced. Then, the glass plate was immersed in KNO 3 molten salt, ion exchange treatment under the conditions of 6 hours at 440 ° C., to produce a tempered glass. In addition, as an untempered glass plate, the sample Nos. A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 18 was put into a continuous melting furnace, this glass raw material was heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by an overflow down draw method. An unstrengthened glass plate (non-alkali glass, Ra = 2Å) having a thickness of 79.99 mm × 50 μm was produced. Finally, a tempered glass plate and an unreinforced glass plate were bonded with an ultraviolet curable resin to produce a laminated glass. In addition, sample no. 18 glass properties were measured. Sample No. Laminated glass was similarly prepared for 7, 8, and 10 to 16 (tempered glass plate).

In addition, sample No. A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 9 is put into a continuous melting furnace, this glass raw material is heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by the overflow down draw method, and is 40 mm × 80 mm × A 0.7 mm thick glass plate (Ra = 2 mm) was produced. Then, the glass plate was immersed in KNO 3 molten salt, ion exchange treatment under the conditions of 6 hours at 440 ° C., to produce a tempered glass. In addition, sample No. A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 19 was put into a continuous melting furnace, the glass raw material was heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by the overflow down draw method, 39.99 mm × An unstrengthened glass plate (Ra = 2 ガ ラ ス) having a thickness of 79.99 mm × 0.2 mm was produced. Finally, a tempered glass plate and an unreinforced glass plate were bonded with an ultraviolet curable resin to produce a laminated glass. Sample No. Laminated glass was similarly prepared for 7, 8, and 10 to 16 (tempered glass plate).

In addition, sample No. A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 9 is put into a continuous melting furnace, this glass raw material is heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by the overflow down draw method, and is 40 mm × 80 mm × A 0.7 mm thick glass plate (Ra = 2 mm) was produced. Then, the glass plate was immersed in KNO 3 molten salt, ion exchange treatment under the conditions of 6 hours at 440 ° C., to produce a tempered glass. In addition, as an untempered glass plate, the sample Nos. A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 18 was put into a continuous melting furnace, this glass raw material was heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by an overflow down draw method. An unstrengthened glass plate (non-alkali glass, Ra = 2Å) having a thickness of 79.99 mm × 145 μm was produced. Finally, a tempered glass plate and an unreinforced glass plate were bonded with an ultraviolet curable resin to produce a laminated glass. In addition, sample no. 18 glass properties were measured. Sample No. Laminated glass was similarly prepared for 7, 8, and 10 to 16 (tempered glass plate).

Sample No. described in Table 2 A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 9 is put into a continuous melting furnace, this glass raw material is heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by the overflow down draw method, and is 40 mm × 80 mm × A 0.7 mm thick glass plate (Ra = 2 mm) was produced. Then, the glass plate was immersed in KNO 3 molten salt, ion exchange treatment under the conditions of 6 hours at 440 ° C., to produce a tempered glass. In addition, as an untempered glass plate, the sample Nos. A glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 19 was put into a continuous melting furnace, the glass raw material was heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by the overflow down draw method, 39.99 mm × An unreinforced glass plate (non-alkali glass plate, Ra = 2 、) having a thickness of 79.99 mm × 200 μm was produced. Finally, a tempered glass plate and an unreinforced glass plate were bonded with an ultraviolet curable resin to produce a laminated glass. In addition, sample no. 19 glass properties were measured. Sample No. Laminated glass was similarly prepared for 7, 8, and 10 to 16 (tempered glass plate).

  Tables 5 to 7 show the laminated glasses (samples B to E, G to J, L to O) of the present invention. Samples A, F, and K are only tempered glass plates, and the unstrengthened glass plates are not pasted together.

Each sample was produced as follows. Sample No. described in Table 2 The glass raw material prepared so as to have a glass composition of 9 is put into a continuous melting furnace, this glass raw material is heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, then molded by the overflow down draw method, and described in the table The glass plate of the dimension of was produced. Then, the glass plate was immersed in KNO 3 molten salt, ion exchange treatment under the conditions of 6 hours at 440 ° C., to produce a tempered glass. In addition, as an untempered glass plate, the sample Nos. The glass raw materials prepared so as to have a glass composition of 18 and 19 were put into a continuous melting furnace, the glass raw materials were heated and melted at 1500 to 1600 ° C., clarified, and then molded by the overflow down draw method. An unstrengthened glass plate having the dimensions described in 1. was prepared. Finally, a tempered glass plate and an unreinforced glass plate were bonded with an ultraviolet curable resin to produce a laminated glass. For samples C, E, H, J, M, and O, the outer dimensions of the untempered glass plate are made slightly smaller than the outer dimensions of the tempered glass plate, and the four peripheral ends of the untempered glass plate are the outer periphery of the tempered glass plate. Lamination was done so as not to go out of the side.

  A four-point bending test was performed on samples A to E. First, samples A to E were placed on two cylindrical bars (R = 2.0 mm) separated by 50 mm. Next, samples A to E were pressurized from above using a cylindrical rod (R = 2.0 mm). Specific conditions are as follows: Weight meter: Strength tester manufactured by Shimadzu Corporation, Load speed: 5 mm / min, Upper pushing width: 25 mm, Lower receiving width: 50 mm, Push position: Center, Push side: Long side, Sample B to E were arranged with the unstrengthened glass plate facing upward. As a result of the four-point bending test, there was no significant difference in the fracture strengths of Samples A to E. Sample A was destroyed to 50 pieces or more (size of about 5 mm square or less) and the small pieces were scattered in various directions, but Samples B to E were not broken into small pieces and were not scattered at all. .

  A ring-on-ring test was performed on samples F to J. First, samples F to J were placed on a ring-shaped jig having a diameter of 25 mm. Next, samples F to J were pressurized from above using a jig having a diameter of 12.5 mm. Specific conditions were a weight meter: a strength tester manufactured by Shimadzu Corporation, a load speed: 0.5 mm / min, a pressing position: the center, and samples G to J were arranged with the untempered glass plate facing upward. As a result of the ring-on-ring test, the fracture strengths of the samples F to J were not significantly different. Sample F was destroyed to 50 pieces or more (size of about 5 mm square or less) and the small pieces were scattered in various directions, but Samples G to J were not broken into small pieces and were not scattered at all. .

  A hard ball drop test was performed on the samples K to O. A hard sphere having a mass of 38.5 g was dropped freely on the sample. In addition, it started from 50 cm in height, and dropped height was raised gradually until it cracked. Further, the outer peripheral portion 3 mm of the glass plate was received by an acrylic jig, and the samples L to O were arranged with the unreinforced glass plate facing upward. As a result of the hard ball drop test, the sample K was broken to 50 pieces (size of about 5 mm square or less) or more by free fall from a height of about 180 cm, and the small pieces were scattered in various directions. On the other hand, Samples L to O were not broken even by free fall from a height of 300 cm.

  The laminated glass of the present invention is suitable as a protective plate for a mobile phone, a digital camera, a touch panel display such as a PDA, or a cover glass. In addition to these uses, the laminated glass of the present invention is used for applications that require high mechanical strength, such as window glass, magnetic disk substrates, cover glass for solar cells, cover glass for solid-state image sensors, and tableware. Application can be expected.

Claims (15)

  1.   A laminated glass comprising a tempered glass plate having a compressive stress layer on its surface and an untempered glass plate not having a compressive stress layer on its surface, the tempered glass plate having a thickness of 2.0 mm or less and unstrengthened A laminated glass, wherein the glass plate has a thickness of 500 μm or less.
  2.   The laminated glass according to claim 1, wherein the tempered glass sheet has a surface roughness (Ra) of 10 mm or less, and the unreinforced glass sheet has a surface roughness (Ra) of 10 mm or less.
  3.   The laminated glass according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the tempered glass plate and the non-tempered glass plate are bonded with a resin.
  4.   The laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein an outer dimension of the untempered glass plate is equal to or smaller than an outer dimension of the tempered glass plate.
  5. The laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein a difference in thermal expansion coefficient between the tempered glass plate and the untempered glass plate is 50 x 10 -7 / ° C or less.
  6.   The laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein a compressive stress value of the compressive stress layer of the tempered glass plate is 50 MPa or more, and a thickness of the compressive stress layer is 20 µm or more.
  7. Tempered glass plate, as a glass composition, in mass%, SiO 2 45~75%, Al 2 O 3 1~25%, Li 2 O 0~9%, Na 2 O 0~20%, K 2 O 0~ containing 8%, substantially as 2 O 3, F, laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that do not contain PbO.
  8.   The laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the tempered glass plate is formed by a downdraw method.
  9. The laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein a liquid phase viscosity of the tempered glass plate is 10 4.0 dPa · s or more.
  10.   The laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the tempered glass plate has a Young's modulus of 67 GPa or more.
  11.   The laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein an internal tensile stress of the tempered glass plate is 20 MPa or more.
  12.   The laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the unreinforced glass plate has a thickness of 200 µm or less.
  13.   The laminated glass according to any one of claims 1 to 12, wherein the unstrengthened glass plate is formed by a downdraw method.
  14.   It is used for a display, The laminated glass in any one of Claims 1-13 characterized by the above-mentioned.
  15.   It is used for the protection member of a touch panel display, The laminated glass in any one of Claims 1-14 characterized by the above-mentioned.
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