JP2007273390A - Manufacturing method of electrode - Google Patents

Manufacturing method of electrode Download PDF

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JP2007273390A
JP2007273390A JP2006100219A JP2006100219A JP2007273390A JP 2007273390 A JP2007273390 A JP 2007273390A JP 2006100219 A JP2006100219 A JP 2006100219A JP 2006100219 A JP2006100219 A JP 2006100219A JP 2007273390 A JP2007273390 A JP 2007273390A
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electrode
uncoated
current collector
coated
annealing
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JP4954585B2 (en
Inventor
Kazuo Ikuta
Katsuki Itagaki
Keiji Kawamura
Toshihide Miyake
Akio Mizuguchi
Keisuke Omori
Hiroshi Uejima
利秀 三宅
啓史 上嶋
敬介 大森
恵次 川村
勝樹 板垣
暁夫 水口
和雄 生田
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Denso Corp
Toyota Motor Corp
トヨタ自動車株式会社
株式会社デンソー
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Abstract

<P>PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a manufacturing method of an electrode capable of suppressing the occurrence of distortions. <P>SOLUTION: The manufacturing method of an electrode comprises an electrode mix layer formation process for forming an electrode composite layer by applying an active substance paste to the surface of a coated section, for drying excluding a non-coated section provided at one end in the widthwise direction to a strip of collector; a press process for press-working an electrode mix layer along with the collector; and an annealing process for annealing the collector at the non-coated section by heating it locally before the press process. By annealing the non-coated section, the non-coated section becomes a state where it can be extended easily. Even if the pressure of presswork is not fully applied to the non-coated section, stretch on the same level as that of the coated section can be secured, thus the occurrence of distortions is restrained. <P>COPYRIGHT: (C)2008,JPO&INPIT

Description

  The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing an electrode, and more particularly, to a method for manufacturing an electrode having an applied portion and an uncoated portion on which an electrode mixture layer is formed.

  In recent years, lithium batteries having a high mass energy density are becoming mainstream as power sources for electric devices such as mobile phones and portable video cameras. This lithium battery has a configuration in which an electrode body in which an electrode including a positive electrode having a positive electrode active material and a negative electrode having a negative electrode active material is superimposed via a separator is immersed in a non-aqueous electrolyte.

  The positive electrode active material is a substance that can release lithium as lithium ions during charging and occlude lithium ions during discharging. The negative electrode active material is a substance that can occlude lithium ions during charging and release lithium ions during discharging. A non-aqueous electrolyte is an electrolyte in which a supporting salt containing lithium in an organic solvent is dissolved.

  Also, in order to improve the mass energy density of such a lithium battery, the positive electrode and the negative electrode are formed in a sheet shape, and the sheet-like positive electrode and the negative electrode are wound or separated via a separator formed in the same sheet shape. In a stacked state, it is housed in a case. The sheet-like positive electrode and negative electrode have a structure in which an electrode mixture layer containing an active material is formed on the surface of a metal foil serving as a current collector.

  Such a sheet-like electrode is prepared by preparing an active material paste in which a positive or negative active material is dispersed, and applying and drying the active material paste on the surface of a current collector to form an electrode mixture layer. It is manufactured by pressing the electrode mixture layer to increase the density of the electrode mixture layer.

  Usually, a sheet-like electrode has an uncoated portion where a current collector on which no electrode mixture layer is formed is exposed. It is electrically connected to the external terminal of the battery through this uncoated portion. The uncoated portion can be manufactured by scraping the electrode mixture layer from the electrode plate, but due to problems such as an increase in the number of manufacturing steps, the active material is formed in the portion that becomes the uncoated portion when the electrode electrode mixture layer is formed. Adopting a method of forming without applying paste is aimed at.

  Here, in order to increase the density of the electrode / electrode mixture layer, when the sheet-like current collector is pressed, the surface of the electrode may be wavy, curved, or distorted. When such a phenomenon occurs, when a positive electrode sheet and a negative electrode sheet are spirally wound through a separator to produce an electrode body, sufficient battery output may not be obtained due to the occurrence of winding deviation, In some cases, while charging and discharging were repeated, problems such as dendrite precipitation of metallic lithium due to concentration of current at the shift portion of the coated portion where the active material was coated, causing an internal short circuit occurred. For this reason, a process using a heating furnace and a tension device is performed as a general process for removing distortion.

  However, in the treatment using a heating furnace, since it takes time to raise the current collector, the thermal efficiency is low and the furnace length is long. Thereby, there existed a problem that the whole physique became large and cost also took very much.

  For such problems, it has been devised to process the current collector itself (see Patent Document 1). In Patent Document 1, a number of discontinuous linear cuts are made in advance on the surface of the current collector sheet before press molding so that the current collector sheet follows the elongation of the active material layer during pressing. It is disclosed that a flat sheet-like electrode with little distortion can be produced.

Further, it has been devised that the problem of Patent Document 1 can be solved by causing the uncoated portion of the current collector to generate heat by induction heating. (See Patent Document 2) In Patent Document 2, a flat sheet-like electrode can be manufactured by applying heat to an uncoated portion by induction heating while flowing at a flow rate of 10 m / min and applying a tension of 35 MPa. It is disclosed.
JP-A-7-192726 JP 2004-335374 A

  However, in the method described in Patent Document 1, the current collector itself is damaged by providing a cut in the current collector. As a result, there is a problem that the mechanical strength of the current collector is lowered and the electrode durability is lowered. Furthermore, there is a problem that the uniformity of the charge / discharge characteristics of the battery is reduced due to innumerable cuts.

  In addition, since the method described in Patent Document 2 is a process of correcting distortion after the pressing process, the processing speed cannot be increased in a state where there is a large distortion (for example, when the distortion is 10 mm or more). It is difficult to apply a processing speed exceeding 10 m / min), and there is a limit to improving productivity.

  The present invention has been completed in view of the above circumstances, and solves the problem of providing an electrode manufacturing method capable of suppressing the occurrence of distortion of a current collector by low-cost processing without deteriorating battery characteristics. It should be a challenge.

The electrode manufacturing method of the present invention that solves the above-described problem is a coated portion excluding an uncoated portion provided at least at one end in the width direction of the strip-shaped current collector with respect to a metal and strip-shaped current collector. An electrode mixture layer forming step of forming an electrode mixture layer by applying and drying an active material paste on the surface of
Pressing the electrode mixture layer together with the current collector, and
Before the pressing step, an annealing step of locally heating and annealing the current collector in the uncoated portion is provided.

  That is, in order to reduce the occurrence of the difference in elongation between the coated part and the non-coated part, which is a cause of distortion caused by pressing the electrode mixture layer, the non-coated part is annealed. The uncoated portion was made easy to extend by performing the above.

  In other words, the elongation percentage of the current collector in the uncoated portion and the coated portion is essentially not different, but in the coated portion, pressure is easily applied during the pressing process by the thickness of the electrode mixture layer formed on the surface. Further, when the current collector in the application part is applied with a larger pressure than that in the non-application part, further stretching proceeds.

  As explained above, when the electrode mixture layer is pressed, it is difficult to apply the press pressure to the uncoated part, so the current collector in the coated part is stretched more than the uncoated part, causing distortion. By improving the easiness of elongation of the uncoated part by pre-annealing the uncoated part in advance, the same degree of elongation as the coated part can be achieved even if the pressure of the press process is not sufficiently applied. We succeeded in suppressing the occurrence of distortion by ensuring it.

  In particular, the annealing step is preferably a step of performing an annealing process until the uncoated portion is more easily stretched than the coated portion. For example, by employing a process performed by induction heating, it becomes easy to locally heat the uncoated part. Moreover, it becomes possible to perform an annealing process more effectively by employ | adopting 250 degreeC or more and melting | fusing point or less as a heating temperature of the said uncoated part in the said annealing process.

  Further, for the purpose of preventing the heating / annealing process from proceeding with respect to the coated portion, the annealing step is preferably a step of heating the uncoated portion while cooling the coated portion.

  The electrode manufacturing method of the present invention exhibits the following effects by having the above configuration. That is, in the electrode manufacturing method of the present invention, the uncoated portion is easily stretched by performing an annealing treatment, and even if the pressure applied to the uncoated portion during pressing is smaller than that of the coated portion, the same as the coated portion. It becomes possible to extend to a certain extent, and the occurrence of distortion and the like can be suppressed.

  That is, it is possible to reduce the occurrence of distortion while maintaining high durability as compared with the conventional technique in which a notch or the like is made in an uncoated portion. In addition, since the current collector is subjected to an annealing process in a state where the strength is high before the distortion occurs, a more effective heat treatment can be easily performed as compared with the conventional technique in which heating is performed after the distortion occurs. Can do.

  The electrode manufacturing method of the present invention will be described in detail below based on the embodiment. The manufacturing method of the electrode of this embodiment has an electrode compound-material layer formation process, an annealing process, and a press process. In the prior art, the occurrence of distortion can be suppressed by performing an annealing process in which an annealing process is performed before the pressing process, which is a process in which distortion has occurred.

  The electrode mixture layer forming step is a step of forming an electrode mixture layer on the surface of the current collector. The electrode mixture layer is provided on the application part of the current collector. The current collector is a metal and strip-shaped member. The current collector is a plate-like or thin-film-like member that can be composed of metal foil, punching metal, net, foam metal, or the like. The current collector on the positive electrode side is generally composed of aluminum or stainless steel, and the current collector on the negative electrode side is generally composed of copper or nickel.

  The surface of the current collector is divided into an application part and an unapplied part, and the unapplied part is provided continuously at least at one end in the width direction of the belt-like current collector. An active material paste is applied and dried on the application portion to form an electrode mixture layer. Here, in order to improve the density of the formed electrode mixture layer, compression is performed by a subsequent pressing step. The active material paste is obtained by dissolving or dispersing an active material in an appropriate liquid together with a binder and a conductive agent added as necessary.

The active material of the positive electrode is not particularly limited by the type of the active material, and a known active material can be used. For example, TiS 2, TiS 3, MoS 3, FeS 2, Li (1-X) MnO 2, Li (1-X) Mn 2 O 4, Li (1-X) CoO 2, Li (1-X) NiO 2 , compounds such as V 2 O 5 can be exemplified. Here, x shows 0-1. Moreover, you may use the mixture of these compounds as a positive electrode active material. Furthermore, Li 1-X Mn 2 + X O 4, LiNi 1-X Co X O 2 at least one or more other transition metal elements some of transition metal elements of LiMn 2 O 4, LiMn 2 O 2 , such as Or what was replaced by Li is good also as a positive electrode active material.

As the positive electrode active material, composite oxides of lithium and transition metals such as LiMn 2 O 4 , LiMn 2 O 2 , and LiNiO 2 are more preferable. That is, since it has excellent performance as an active material such as excellent diffusion performance of electrons and lithium ions, a battery having high charge / discharge efficiency and good cycle characteristics can be obtained. Further, LiMn 4 is preferably used as the positive electrode active material because of low material cost.

  The binder has an action of holding the active material particles. As the binder, an organic binder or an inorganic binder can be used, and examples thereof include compounds such as polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), polyvinylidene chloride, and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Can do.

  The conductive agent has an action of ensuring the electrical conductivity of the positive electrode. Examples of the conductive agent include one or a mixture of two or more carbon materials such as carbon black, acetylene black, and graphite.

  The active material for the negative electrode is not particularly limited, and a known active material can be used. For example, carbon materials such as highly crystalline natural graphite and artificial graphite, metallic materials such as metallic lithium, lithium alloys, and tin compounds, conductive polymers, and the like can be given.

  The binder has an action of holding the active material particles. As the binder, an organic binder or an inorganic binder can be used, and compounds such as PVDF, polyvinylidene chloride, and PTFE can be exemplified as in the case of the positive electrode.

  An annealing process is performed before the press process mentioned later. The annealing step is a step of performing annealing by locally heating the uncoated portion. Although it does not specifically limit as a heating method, When induction heating is employ | adopted, there exists an advantage which can control the site | part to heat easily and can also simplify an installation.

  The induction heating is preferably performed by concentrating the magnetic flux on the uncoated portion. By concentrating the magnetic flux on the uncoated part, only the uncoated part can be heated without heating the coated part. As a result, damage to the electrode mixture layer due to heating of the application part is suppressed, and a decrease in battery performance of the electrode is suppressed. The method for concentrating the magnetic flux on the uncoated portion is not particularly limited. For example, a method of directly bringing the induction coil close to the uncoated portion, and a method of placing the core made of a soft magnetic material on the induction coil and bringing the core close to the uncoated portion can be exemplified.

  The appropriate heating temperature varies depending on the material constituting the current collector, but it is desirable to heat at a temperature of about 250 ° C. or higher in order to exhibit a sufficient annealing effect. It is also desirable to set the temperature below the melting point.

  Moreover, it is desirable to apply this process, cooling about the application part so that heating may not advance. For example, by applying this process while being sandwiched or brought into contact with a metal roll or heat radiating member having high thermal conductivity and a large heat capacity, it is possible to prevent the coating part from being heated and becoming easy to stretch. it can.

  A press process is a process of improving the density of an electrode compound-material layer by applying a pressure with respect to the electrode compound-material layer provided in the application part of a collector. In this step, by applying pressure to the electrode mixture layer, pressure is also applied to the current collector in the coating portion, and stretching is performed. Here, since the current collector in the uncoated part is more easily stretched by application of the annealing process than the current collector in the coated part, even if the pressure applied by the pressing process is different (the uncoated part is more The same degree of elongation can be realized, and the occurrence of distortion can be suppressed.

  Hereinafter, the present invention will be described using examples.

(Manufacture of sheet-like positive electrode)
First, 85 parts by mass of lithium nickelate as the positive electrode active material, 10 parts by mass of acetylene black as the conductive agent, 3 parts by mass and 2 parts by mass of PTFE and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) as the binder, respectively. Was uniformly dispersed in 100 parts by mass of water to prepare an active material paste.

The active material paste is applied to both sides of a current collector made of a hard aluminum foil (A1N30-H18) having a width of 180 mm and a thickness of 15 μm, and a coating width of 82 mm (at least 20 mm away from the end in the width direction of the belt-shaped current collector). In this state, the total of unapplied parts was 40 mm or more). At this time, the application part 41 to which the active material paste was applied and the uncoated part 42 where the active material paste on both sides in the width direction of the application part 41 was not applied and the current collector surface was exposed were formed. The active material paste was applied so that the basis weight per side after drying was 14.9 mg / cm 2 . Further, the thickness of the electrode mixture layer made of the active material paste in the coated part after drying was 82.5 μm.

  Subsequently, the current collector coated with the active material paste was introduced into a drying furnace, and the electrode mixture layer was dried. In this example, it was introduced into a hot air drying furnace and dried.

  Thereafter, the uncoated portion 42 was cut to a width of 100 mm. At this time, it cut | disconnected so that the width | variety of the non-application part 42 of the both sides of the application part 41 might be set to 2 mm and 16 mm. Specifically, in the width direction, a 2 mm uncoated portion 42 b, a 82 mm wide coated portion 41, and a 16 mm wide uncoated portion 42 a are arranged.

  The structure of the current collector coated with the electrode mixture layer formed by cutting is shown in FIG. An uncoated portion was heated in an annealing furnace and annealed (annealing step), and then pressed to compress the electrode mixture layer portion to a thickness of 76 μm to obtain an electrode. The length of this electrode was cut into 5.5 m to obtain a sheet-like positive electrode 4.

  The amount of bending of the obtained sheet-like positive electrode was measured by calculating the difference between the length of the uncoated portion 42a having a width of 16 mm and the length of the uncoated portion 42b having a width of 2 mm.

(Annealing furnace and press equipment)
An example will be described below as an apparatus for realizing the electrode manufacturing method of this embodiment. This apparatus includes an induction heating apparatus 2 that performs an annealing furnace and a press apparatus 101.

  The conveyance condition was 40 m / min, and the apparatus of Document 2 was used under the condition that the current collector was broken. The press apparatus 101 was pressed using a commercially available roll press so that the total thickness became 76 μm.

  The induction heating device 2 includes a power source 21 that supplies power, a resonance frequency automatic regulator 22 that converts the current from the power source 21 into alternating current to generate an induced current, a transformer 23 that adjusts the induced current, and induction heating. An induction coil 24 to be performed and a core 25 made of a soft magnetic material inserted into the induction coil 24 are configured. The main structure of this induction heating apparatus 2 is shown in FIGS.

  The power source 21 is an AC 200 V, 14 KVA power source, and outputs a maximum of 10 KW direct current.

  The resonance frequency automatic adjuster 22 includes an IH inverter unit that converts electric power supplied from the power source 21 into an alternating current, and an IH inverter unit so that the frequency of the alternating current supplied from the IH inverter unit is 10 KHz or more. And an induction current supplied to the induction coil 24 is adjusted. Further, the control unit performs control so that the current value is minimized.

  The transformer 23 adjusts the voltage of the induced current to bring the induced current within a predetermined range.

  The induction coil 24 is formed of a conductive wire. As shown in FIG. 5, the conductive wire constituting the induction coil 24 includes a pair of straight portions 241 arranged to face the uncoated portion of the current collector and a pair of connecting portions 242 connecting the pair of straight portions. It is configured. The induction heating device 2 generates magnetic flux by causing an induction current to flow through the induction coil 24, and heats an uncoated portion of the current collector facing the induction coil 24. The induction heating device 2 can arbitrarily set the length of the linear portion 241 of the induction coil 24 and the distance from the uncoated portion.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the induction coil 24 is provided with a core 25 made of a ferrite core that concentrates the generated magnetic flux in the linear portion 241. The core 25 is a member having a substantially C-shaped cross section, and accommodates the straight portion 241 in the indented portion 251 that is depressed from the surface. Further, in this embodiment, the core 25 is arranged in a state where the opening surface 25a of the fitting portion 251 faces the uncoated portion, but the surface 25b facing away from the opening surface 25a faces the uncoated portion. It may be arranged in a state. By disposing the core 25, the magnetic flux generated in the induction coil 24 can be concentrated on the uncoated portion of the opposing current collector, and energy loss can be suppressed.

  As an example of the present invention, the induction heating device 2 was operated under the conditions shown in Table 1, and the sheet-like positive electrodes of Examples 1 to 5 were manufactured.

Example 1
In the induction heating device 2, the length of the linear portion 241 of the induction coil 24 is 0.3 m, and the linear portion 241 is disposed at a position 22.5 mm from the current collector. A core 25 is installed on the straight portion 241 of the induction coil 24. The distance between the opening surface 25a of the core 25 and the current collector was 15 mm.

  In a state where the drive roll 33 flows at a flow rate of 60 m / min and a tension of 10 MPa is applied, a current of 50 A is passed through the induction coil 24 to heat the uncoated portion 42a.

  In this example, the temperature of the coated part was increased to 115 ° C. and the temperature of the uncoated part was increased to 250 ° C. by induction heating. Moreover, when the distortion of the manufactured positive electrode was measured and the amount of distortion and peeling strength were calculated | required, the amount of distortion was 15 mm and peeling strength was 48 mN / 6mm.

(Example 2)
In the induction heating device 2, the length of the linear portion 241 of the induction coil 24 is 0.3 m, and the linear portion 241 is disposed at a position 22.5 mm from the current collector. A core 25 is installed on the straight portion 241 of the induction coil 24. The distance between the opening surface 25a of the core 25 and the current collector was 15 mm.

  In a state where a flow rate of 60 m / min and a tension of 10 MPa were applied by the driving roll 33, a current of 55 A was passed through the induction coil 24 to heat the uncoated portion.

  In this example, the temperature of the coated part was increased to 168 ° C. and the temperature of the uncoated part was increased to 370 ° C. by induction heating. Moreover, when the distortion of the manufactured positive electrode was measured and the amount of distortion and peeling strength were calculated | required, the amount of distortion was 10 mm and peeling strength was 52 mN / 6mm.

(Example 3)
In the induction heating device 2, the length of the linear portion 241 of the induction coil 24 is 0.3 m, and the linear portion 241 is disposed at a position 22.5 mm from the current collector. A core 25 is installed on the straight portion 241 of the induction coil 24. The distance between the opening surface 25a of the core 25 and the current collector was 15 mm.

  In a state where a flow of 60 m / min and a tension of 10 MPa were applied by the driving roll 33, a current of 60 A was passed through the induction coil 24 to heat the uncoated portion.

  In this example, the temperature of the coated part was increased to 215 ° C. and the temperature of the uncoated part was increased to 450 ° C. by induction heating. Moreover, when the distortion of the manufactured positive electrode was measured and the amount of distortion and peeling strength were calculated | required, the amount of distortion was 7 mm and peeling strength was 47 mN / 6mm.

Example 4
In the induction heating device 2, the length of the linear portion 241 of the induction coil 24 is 0.3 m, and the linear portion 241 is disposed at a position 22.5 mm from the current collector. A core 25 is installed on the straight portion 241 of the induction coil 24. The distance between the opening surface 25a of the core 25 and the current collector was 15 mm.

  In a state where a flow rate of 60 m / min and a tension of 10 MPa were applied by the drive roll 33, a current of 65 A was passed through the induction coil 24 to heat the uncoated portion.

  In this example, the temperature of the coated part was increased to 215 ° C. and the temperature of the uncoated part was increased to 490 ° C. by induction heating. Moreover, when the distortion of the manufactured positive electrode was measured and the amount of distortion and peeling strength were calculated | required, the amount of distortion was 2 mm and peeling strength was 43 mN / 6mm.

(Example 5)
Example 5 is the same as Example 1 except that a metal suction table for cooling as shown in FIG. 7 is provided in the application part where the electrode active material paste is applied to cool the electrode active material. Similarly, the positive electrode was manufactured.

  In a state where a flow of 60 m / min and a tension of 10 MPa were applied by the driving roll 33, a current of 70 A was passed through the induction coil 24 to heat the uncoated portion.

  In this example, the temperature of the coated part was increased to 105 ° C. and the uncoated part was heated to 550 ° C. by induction heating. Moreover, when the distortion of the manufactured positive electrode was measured and the amount of distortion and peeling strength were calculated | required, the amount of distortion was 0 mm and peeling strength was 57 mN / 6mm.

(Comparative Example 1)
In this comparative example, a positive electrode was produced in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the induction heating device 2 was removed from the curvature correcting device 1.

  In this comparative example, the flow rate of the positive electrode was 10 m / min, and the tension applied by the drive roll 33 and the powder brake 34 was 10 MPa.

  The distortion of the manufactured positive electrode was measured and the amount of strain and peel strength were determined. The amount of strain was 80 mm and the peel strength was 51 mN / 6 mm.

(Comparative Example 2)
In this comparative example, a positive electrode was manufactured in the same manner as in Example 1 except that a hot air generator was installed in the curving straightening device 1 instead of the induction heating device 2. That is, the uncoated portion was heated by blowing hot air.

  The hot air generator raised the temperature of the uncoated part by blowing hot air of 300 ± 5 ° C. onto the uncoated part from a blower opening opened at a position facing the uncoated part of the current collector.

  In this comparative example, the flow rate was 0.2 m / min at a speed at which the uncoated portion of the positive electrode reached 300 ° C., and the tension applied by the drive roll 33 and the powder brake 34 was 10 MPa.

  In this comparative example, the temperature of the uncoated part was increased to 297 ° C. by blowing hot air. Further, the amount of strain of the manufactured positive electrode was measured, and the amount of strain and peel strength were determined. The amount of strain was 5 mm, and the peel strength was 6 mN / 6 mm. Therefore, the battery cannot be evaluated.

  From Examples 1 to 4 and the comparative example, by heating the unapplied part by induction heating, the unapplied part is quickly heated, so that the distortion can be corrected with a larger correction amount.

  Each example flows at a higher flow rate than the comparative example. That is, by using induction heating to correct the distortion of the unapplied portion, correcting a larger amount of the positive electrode in a short time has the effect of reducing the size of the entire curvature correcting device.

  In the above example, a sheet-like positive electrode was manufactured, but a sheet-like negative electrode can also be manufactured in the same manner.

(Manufacture of sheet-like negative electrode)
First, 92.5 parts by mass of carbon as a negative electrode active material and 7.5 parts by mass of polyvinylidene fluoride as a binder were uniformly dispersed in 100 parts by mass of water to prepare an active material paste.

The active material paste is applied on both sides of a current collector made of copper foil having a width of 180 mm and a thickness of 10 μm to a coating width of 82 mm (at least 20 mm away from the end in the width direction of the strip-shaped current collector) The total was 40 mm or more). At this time, an application portion where the active material paste was applied and an uncoated portion where the active material paste was not applied and the current collector surface was exposed on both sides of the application portion were formed on the current collector. The active material paste is applied so that the basis weight per side after drying is 14.9 mg / cm 2 . Moreover, the thickness of the active material paste of the application part after drying became 82.5 micrometers.

  Thereafter, the uncoated portion was cut in the same manner as the positive electrode described above, and after being compressed by a roll press, it was cut to a length of 5.5 m.

  The cut sheet-shaped negative electrode had a curved shape in which the length of the uncoated portion having a width of 16 mm was significantly shorter than the length of the uncoated portion having a width of 2 mm. Specifically, the uncoated portion with a width of 16 mm was curved so that the central portion in the length direction was positioned 40 mm or more away from the line connecting both ends.

  Thereafter, as in the case of the positive electrode described above, an annealing treatment was performed in a nitrogen atmosphere using a curvature correcting device to correct the distortion, whereby a flat and distortion-free sheet-shaped negative electrode was produced.

  That is, the curvature correction apparatus 1 exhibited the same effect as in the case of the sheet-like positive electrode in the production of the sheet-like negative electrode.

(Manufacture of lithium secondary batteries)
The electrode manufactured in the above embodiment can be used for manufacturing a lithium secondary battery. A lithium secondary battery is shown in FIG.

  Between the sheet-like positive electrode 4 and the sheet-like negative electrode 5, the separator 6 having a thickness of 25 μm that is cut so as not to be in direct contact with the positive electrode 4 and the negative electrode 5 is interposed and wound in a spiral shape. A wound electrode body was produced.

  Subsequently, after the uncoated portion 42 and the positive electrode terminal portion 7 of the sheet-like positive electrode 4 and the uncoated portion 42 and the negative electrode terminal portion 8 of the sheet-like negative electrode 5 are joined to each other by an ultrasonic welding method, the battery case 9 The case main body 91 was accommodated, and the positive electrode terminal portion 7 and the cover plate 92 and the negative electrode terminal portion 8 and the case main body were joined by a laser welding method under welding conditions that kept airtightness and liquid tightness. Thereafter, an electrolytic solution was injected into the inside from a liquid injection port 93 opened in the lid plate 92 and sealed with a sealing lid 94. The lithium secondary battery was able to be manufactured by the above procedure.

It is the schematic explaining the distortion which generate | occur | produces in an electrode. It is a schematic circuit diagram of the annealing furnace used in the example. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the relationship between the annealing process furnace and electrode which were used in the Example. It is the schematic of the manufacturing apparatus which implement | achieves the manufacturing method of the electrode of an Example. It is the schematic of the induction coil at the time of employ | adopting induction heating for the annealing treatment furnace of an Example. It is a partial cutaway perspective view of the square battery created in the present Example. It is the schematic of the annealing furnace used in the Example.

Explanation of symbols

2 ... Annealing furnace 4 ... Current collector 41 ... Application part 42, 42a, 42b ... Unapplied part 100, 101 ... Press device

Claims (5)

  1. An active material paste is applied and dried on the surface of the coated part excluding the uncoated part provided at least at one end in the width direction of the band-shaped current collector on the metal and band-shaped current collector. An electrode mixture layer forming step for forming a material layer;
    Pressing the electrode mixture layer together with the current collector, and
    An electrode manufacturing method comprising an annealing step of locally heating and annealing the current collector in the uncoated portion before the pressing step.
  2.   The method for manufacturing an electrode according to claim 1, wherein the annealing step is performed by induction heating.
  3.   The method for manufacturing an electrode according to claim 1, wherein a heating temperature of the uncoated portion in the annealing step is 250 ° C. or higher and a melting point or lower.
  4.   The method for manufacturing an electrode according to claim 1, wherein the annealing step is a step of heating the uncoated portion while cooling the coated portion.
  5.   5. The electrode manufacturing method according to claim 1, wherein the annealing step is a step of performing an annealing process until the uncoated portion is more easily stretched than the coated portion.
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US10050255B2 (en) 2012-03-08 2018-08-14 Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd. Rechargeable battery and method of manufacturing the same
JP2014053134A (en) * 2012-09-06 2014-03-20 Sony Corp Secondary battery, process of manufacturing the same, battery pack, and electric vehicle
CN103928656A (en) * 2013-01-11 2014-07-16 株式会社杰士汤浅国际 Electric Storage Device, Electric Storage System, And Manufacturing Method Thereof
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JP2014029880A (en) * 2013-11-13 2014-02-13 Gs Yuasa Corp Battery
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