JP2007209199A - Motor - Google Patents

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Publication number
JP2007209199A
JP2007209199A JP2007128114A JP2007128114A JP2007209199A JP 2007209199 A JP2007209199 A JP 2007209199A JP 2007128114 A JP2007128114 A JP 2007128114A JP 2007128114 A JP2007128114 A JP 2007128114A JP 2007209199 A JP2007209199 A JP 2007209199A
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Japan
Prior art keywords
stator
rotor
winding
teeth
yoke
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
JP2007128114A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP4499764B2 (en
Inventor
Yukio Honda
Hisakazu Kataoka
Naoaki Morino
Hiroshi Murakami
Masayuki Shindo
Toshiyuki Tamamura
幸夫 本田
浩 村上
修明 森野
久和 片岡
俊幸 玉村
正行 神藤
Original Assignee
Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
松下電器産業株式会社
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Priority to JP20863099A priority Critical patent/JP3983423B2/en
Application filed by Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd, 松下電器産業株式会社 filed Critical Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd
Priority to JP2007128114A priority patent/JP4499764B2/en
Publication of JP2007209199A publication Critical patent/JP2007209199A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4499764B2 publication Critical patent/JP4499764B2/en
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

PROBLEM TO BE SOLVED: To provide a small size, high efficiency, low vibration motor.
An annular yoke portion 113, a plurality of inner teeth portions 112 provided on an inner diameter portion of the yoke portion 113, and an outer diameter portion of the yoke portion 113 at the same circumferential position as the inner teeth portion 112, respectively. A plurality of outer teeth portions 117 provided on the inner portion, a plurality of coil portions 6 in which the yoke portion 113 is toroidally wound, an inner loader 24 corresponding to the inner teeth portion 112, and an outer loader corresponding to the outer teeth portion 117. The plurality of coil portions 6 are connected in a three-phase star or delta shape, and the inner loader 24 is an embedded magnet type rotor.
[Selection] FIG.

Description

  The present invention includes a stator in which individual slots are provided in each slot portion of a stator core, and windings in each slot portion are wound in a direction surrounding a stator yoke to form a coil, and each coil has three phases. An electric motor wired in a star or delta shape.

  FIG. 13 is an external view of a typical conventional stator, and FIG. 14 is a connection diagram of the stator. In FIG. 13, 11 is a stator core and 12 is a winding. The winding method of the stator having this configuration is generally called distributed winding. As shown in FIG. 14, the coils wound in the slots are connected in a three-phase star shape or a delta shape, and the electrical angle is 120 degrees in phase. A rotating magnetic field is generated by causing the shifted current to flow through each phase, and the rotating magnetic field is generated by the rotating magnetic field in the rotor inside the stator. Since the conventional distributed winding stator shown in FIG. 13 generates an ideal rotating magnetic field, the rotor can be smoothly rotated, and a motor with low vibration and low noise can be configured.

  The stator structure according to the above prior art is characterized by generating an ideal rotating magnetic field, but has a drawback that the volume of the coil end portion shown in 13 of FIG. 13 becomes very large. Since the current flowing through the coil end portion does not contribute to the torque generation of the motor, the copper loss generated in that portion increases and the motor efficiency is lowered. Further, since the coil material is copper, the material cost increases as the volume of the coil end increases. Thus, since the volume of the coil end becomes large, the distributed winding stator has a problem that it is difficult to miniaturize the motor, the material cost is expensive, and the motor efficiency is reduced due to an increase in copper loss.

  On the other hand, in order to solve such problems, there is a concentrated winding stator. FIG. 15 is an external view of the concentrated winding stator, and FIG. 16 is a winding diagram. As shown in FIG. 16, the stator having the concentrated winding structure is such that windings are provided in a direction surrounding each tooth portion 2 of the stator, and these coils are three-phase delta and star-connected. By connecting in this way, the concentrated winding stator has a smaller coil end volume as shown at 13 in FIG. 15, and therefore the motor can be made smaller than the distributed winding. However, the magnetic field distribution generated by the concentrated winding structure is not an ideal uniform rotating magnetic field as in the distributed winding. 17 and 18 show the flow of magnetic flux in the distributed winding and concentrated winding. FIG. 17 shows the flow of magnetic flux when a 4-pole embedded magnet type rotor is incorporated in a 4-pole distributed winding stator, and FIG. 18 shows the case where the same rotor as FIG. 17 is incorporated in a 4-pole concentrated winding stator. The flow of magnetic flux is shown. As shown in FIG. 17, the magnetic field generated by the distributed winding stator has N and S poles distributed every 90 degrees. However, in the concentrated winding stator, the magnetic field generated by the current flowing through the winding is 90 degrees as shown in FIG. Not uniform every time. As described above, the concentrated winding stator can reduce the coil end, but has a drawback that vibration noise increases because the generated magnetic field becomes non-uniform. In the concentrated winding, the angle per winding coil of the stator is smaller than the angle per rotor pole. For example, in the example of FIG. 18, since the rotor has four poles, it is 90 degrees per pole, but it is 60 degrees per phase of the winding wound around the stator teeth. As a result, since the effective utilization rate of the windings is worse than that of the distributed windings, there is a disadvantage that the current consumption increases.

  In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides an annular yoke portion, a plurality of inner teeth portions provided on the inner diameter portion of the yoke portion, and the same circumferential direction as each of the inner teeth portions on the outer diameter portion of the yoke portion. A plurality of outer teeth portions provided at positions; an inner rotor corresponding to the inner teeth portion; an outer rotor corresponding to the outer teeth portion; and a plurality of coil portions subjected to toroidal winding on the yoke portion; The plurality of coil portions are connected in a three-phase star or delta shape, and the inner rotor relates to an electric motor that is an embedded magnet type rotor.

  According to the present invention, since the inner rotor is an embedded magnet type rotor, the inner rotor can be rotationally driven by a total torque mainly composed of magnet torque and supplemented by reluctance torque, and the inner side of the coil portion wound toroidally around the yoke portion. Because the current flows through the inner teeth portion, the inner rotor rotates through the inner teeth, and the inner rotor rotates, and the current flowing outside the coil portions applies the magnetic force to the outer rotor through the outer teeth, thereby rotating the outer rotor. In addition, a high-efficiency motor with low copper loss can be realized, and a small, low-vibration, and low-noise motor can be realized by adopting a toroidal coil portion.

  BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION The best mode for carrying out the present invention will be specifically described based on the following reference examples and examples.

(Reference Example 1)
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a first reference example. In FIG. 1, 1 is a stator core, 2 is a teeth portion of the stator core, 3 is a yoke portion, and 4 is a slot portion. In each slot portion, a coil 6 having windings formed in a toroidal shape is arranged and connected in a three-phase manner. Reference numeral 5 denotes a spacer portion made of a non-magnetic material, and is provided in the yoke portion 3 so that the coil 6 does not contact the coil 6 adjacent to another portion. FIG. 2 shows a winding connection diagram of the stator shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the volume of the coil end can be made much smaller than that of the distributed winding by winding around the yoke portion of the stator core. FIG. 3 is a diagram showing the flow of magnetic flux generated when a current is passed through the stator of this reference example. In the stator of this reference example, the magnetic flux distribution of the distributed winding of FIG. 20 shown in the conventional example is exactly the same. Therefore, unlike the concentrated winding stator described in the conventional example, the distribution of magnetic flux generated by the current flowing through the winding does not become non-uniform, so that vibration and noise can be kept at a very small level even if the size is reduced. Is possible.

  FIG. 4 is a diagram showing current-torque characteristics when a permanent magnet rotor is incorporated in the stator of this reference example. This figure also shows the characteristics of the distributed winding stator and the concentrated winding stator when the same rotor is incorporated.

  In the stator of this reference example, the distribution of the magnetic flux generated by the winding is the same as that of the distributed winding, so the torque constant is also exactly the same as that of the distributed winding. There is no decline. Table 1 shows a comparison of stator heights when the thicknesses of the stator of this reference example, the conventional distributed winding stator, and the concentrated winding stator are the same. From Table 1, the stator height can be reduced to the same size as concentrated winding. As described above, the stator of this reference example can reduce the volume of the coil end without reducing the torque constant, and at the same time, can realize a motor with low vibration and noise. The great effect which can solve the subject of a stator can be acquired.

FIG. 5 is a graph showing the relationship between the resistances of the windings with respect to the ratio of the outer diameter R and the thickness L of the stator. In the figure, a comparison between the stator of this reference example and the distributed winding stator is shown. In the stator of this reference example, when the ratio of the outer diameter R of the stator to the stacking thickness L, L / R is 0.5 or less, the line resistance of the winding is smaller than that of the distributed winding stator. Since the copper loss generated by the flow of the current can be reduced, a motor that is small and at the same time highly efficient can be realized. Thus, when L / R is 0.5 or less, the effect of the present reference example is most apparent.

(Reference Example 2)
FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a second reference example. FIG. 6 shows a permanent magnet type synchronous motor in which a permanent magnet rotor is incorporated in the stator shown in the first reference example. By incorporating a permanent magnet rotor into the stator of this reference example, torque can be generated by the magnetic flux of the permanent magnet, so that a small, high torque and high efficiency motor can be realized at the same time as the winding resistance is small. Further, as shown in FIG. 7, by using an embedded magnet rotor as the rotor, a reluctance torque can be effectively used in addition to a magnet torque, so that a permanent magnet synchronous motor with a smaller copper loss can be realized.

(Reference Example 3)
FIG. 8 shows a third reference example. In FIG. 8, 111 is a stator core, 112 is an inner tooth portion, 113 is a yoke portion, 114 is an inner slot portion, 117 is an outer tooth portion, and 118 is an outer slot portion. FIG. 9 shows a stator core having a structure in which outer teeth 117 are also formed on the outer diameter side of the stator shown in the first reference example.

  In the first reference example shown in FIG. 1, the coil 6 on the outer diameter side of the stator does not contribute to the torque generation of the motor at all. However, by providing the outer teeth 117 outside the stator as shown in FIG. Since the coil on the outer diameter side can also generate a magnetic field for generating torque, it is possible to generate twice the torque with the same current.

(Reference Example 4)
FIG. 9 is a diagram showing a fourth reference example. This reference example is an example in which a surface magnet type rotor is incorporated in the inner rotor and the outer rotor in the stator of the third reference example shown in FIG. With this configuration, torque is generated in the inner rotor 20 by the current flowing through the winding in the inner slot portion 114, and torque is generated in the outer rotor 21 by the current flowing in the outer slot portion 118. Twice as much torque is generated by this current, and a small, large torque, high efficiency motor can be obtained.

  FIG. 10 shows the position of the boundary between the magnetic poles of the outer rotor 23 and the inner rotor 22, which is a motor in which the position of the magnetic boundary between the outer rotor and the inner rotor of the motor shown in FIG. By shifting the angle arbitrarily, the cogging torque can be reduced and a motor with lower noise can be obtained.

(Example)
FIG. 11 is a diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention. This embodiment is a permanent magnet type synchronous motor in which an embedded magnet type rotor is incorporated in the inner rotor and a surface magnet type rotor is incorporated in the outer rotor. Thus, the motor of the present invention can constitute different types of rotors for the inner rotor 24 and the outer rotor 25. The surface magnet type synchronous motor and the embedded magnet type synchronous motor have different current phases when the torque generated with the same current reaches the maximum value.

  Therefore, as shown in FIG. 11, the torque generated by each rotor can be maximized by shifting the position of the boundary between the magnetic poles of the inner rotor 24 and the outer rotor 25 by an arbitrary angle β. An efficient motor can be realized. The stator shown in FIG. 11 has the same configuration as that shown in FIGS.

  The stator core 111 can be manufactured using a manufacturing method as shown in FIG. That is, the stator core is divided into a plurality of blocks in the circumferential direction, individual windings are performed on the yoke portions of the respective divided blocks, and the divided blocks are combined after the winding, and each winding is connected to a three-phase star or delta connection. Can be done. FIG. 12 shows an example in which the stator core is divided into two parts. By dividing the stator in this way, the winding process is simplified, and the effect of enabling a high space factor winding is obtained rather than winding with a single core. In FIG. 12, winding is individually performed on the yoke portion of each divided block, the AA ′ surface and the BB ′ surface of the divided block are combined, and combined by means such as welding, and then, each yoke portion is combined. The stator is completed by performing three-phase star or delta connection on the wound coil.

The figure which showed the 1st reference example. The stator winding connection diagram showing the first reference example. The figure which showed magnetic flux distribution by the stator of a 1st reference example. The figure which compared the torque constant of the stator of a 1st reference example, and the conventional type stator. The figure which compared the line resistance of the stator conventional type stator of the 1st reference example. The figure which showed the 2nd reference example. The figure which showed the other example of the 2nd reference example. The figure which showed the 3rd reference example. The figure which showed the 4th reference example. The figure which showed the other example of the 4th reference example. The figure which showed the Example of this invention. The figure which showed the other example of the Example of this invention. The figure which shows the external appearance of the conventional distributed winding stator. The figure which shows the coil | winding figure of the conventional distributed winding stator. The figure which shows the external appearance of the conventional concentrated winding stator. The figure which shows the winding diagram of the conventional concentrated winding stator. The figure which showed the magnetic flux distribution by the conventional distributed winding stator. The figure which showed the magnetic flux distribution by the conventional concentrated winding stator.

Explanation of symbols

6 Coil 24 Inner rotor 25 Outer rotor 111 Stator core 112 Inner teeth portion 113 Yoke portion 114 Inner slot portion 117 Outer teeth portion 118 Outer slot portion

Claims (3)

  1. An annular yoke portion;
    A plurality of inner teeth provided on the inner diameter of the yoke,
    A plurality of outer teeth provided on the outer diameter of the yoke at the same circumferential position as each of the inner teeth;
    An inner rotor corresponding to the inner teeth portion;
    An outer rotor corresponding to the outer teeth portion;
    A plurality of coil portions having a toroidal winding on the yoke portion;
    The plurality of coil portions are connected in a three-phase star or delta shape,
    The electric motor, wherein the inner rotor is an embedded magnet type rotor.
  2.   The electric motor according to claim 1, wherein the outer rotor is a surface magnet type rotor.
  3.   The electric motor according to claim 2, wherein a position of a boundary between magnetic poles of the inner rotor and the outer rotor is shifted by an arbitrary angle.
JP2007128114A 1999-07-23 2007-05-14 electric motor Expired - Lifetime JP4499764B2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP20863099A JP3983423B2 (en) 1999-07-23 1999-07-23 Electric motor
JP2007128114A JP4499764B2 (en) 1999-07-23 2007-05-14 electric motor

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP20863099A JP3983423B2 (en) 1999-07-23 1999-07-23 Electric motor
JP2007128114A JP4499764B2 (en) 1999-07-23 2007-05-14 electric motor

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JP2007209199A true JP2007209199A (en) 2007-08-16
JP4499764B2 JP4499764B2 (en) 2010-07-07

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JP2007128114A Expired - Lifetime JP4499764B2 (en) 1999-07-23 2007-05-14 electric motor

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Cited By (10)

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WO2011016235A1 (en) * 2009-08-06 2011-02-10 パナソニック株式会社 Synchronous motor and system for driving synchronous motor
WO2011146051A1 (en) * 2010-05-18 2011-11-24 Eric Quere Composite electromechanical machines with controller
CN102664504A (en) * 2012-05-09 2012-09-12 哈尔滨工业大学 Polyphase permanent magnet motor with leakage reactance adjustable structure
CN102801268A (en) * 2012-07-31 2012-11-28 哈尔滨工业大学 Low-inductance low loss PMSM
JP2013240179A (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-11-28 Asmo Co Ltd Brushless motor
WO2014095768A3 (en) * 2012-12-20 2015-03-26 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method for producing a synchronous motor
WO2017182912A1 (en) * 2016-04-18 2017-10-26 The Trustees For The Time-Being Of The Kmn Fulfilment Trust A generator having unlike magnetic poles radially aligned
JP2018042328A (en) * 2016-09-05 2018-03-15 株式会社豊田中央研究所 Polyphase winding and rotary electric machine
EP3322074A1 (en) * 2016-11-10 2018-05-16 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation High voltage direct current system for a vehicle
US10122306B2 (en) 2017-03-08 2018-11-06 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Electric power generating system with a permanent magnet generator and combination of active and passive rectifiers

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US9093874B2 (en) 2004-10-25 2015-07-28 Novatorque, Inc. Sculpted field pole members and methods of forming the same for electrodynamic machines
JP4657820B2 (en) * 2005-06-10 2011-03-23 三菱電機株式会社 Annular winding motor
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JPWO2007010640A1 (en) * 2005-07-20 2009-01-29 パナソニック株式会社 Twin rotor type motor
US7443066B2 (en) * 2005-07-29 2008-10-28 General Electric Company Methods and apparatus for cooling wind turbine generators
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US8552609B2 (en) 2009-08-06 2013-10-08 Panasonic Corporation Synchronous motor and system for driving synchronous motor
JP4828666B2 (en) * 2009-08-06 2011-11-30 パナソニック株式会社 Synchronous motor and synchronous motor drive system
CN102498645A (en) * 2009-08-06 2012-06-13 松下电器产业株式会社 Synchronous motor and system for driving synchronous motor
WO2011016235A1 (en) * 2009-08-06 2011-02-10 パナソニック株式会社 Synchronous motor and system for driving synchronous motor
WO2011146051A1 (en) * 2010-05-18 2011-11-24 Eric Quere Composite electromechanical machines with controller
CN102664504A (en) * 2012-05-09 2012-09-12 哈尔滨工业大学 Polyphase permanent magnet motor with leakage reactance adjustable structure
JP2013240179A (en) * 2012-05-14 2013-11-28 Asmo Co Ltd Brushless motor
CN102801268A (en) * 2012-07-31 2012-11-28 哈尔滨工业大学 Low-inductance low loss PMSM
WO2014095768A3 (en) * 2012-12-20 2015-03-26 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method for producing a synchronous motor
WO2017182912A1 (en) * 2016-04-18 2017-10-26 The Trustees For The Time-Being Of The Kmn Fulfilment Trust A generator having unlike magnetic poles radially aligned
JP2018042328A (en) * 2016-09-05 2018-03-15 株式会社豊田中央研究所 Polyphase winding and rotary electric machine
EP3322074A1 (en) * 2016-11-10 2018-05-16 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation High voltage direct current system for a vehicle
US10498274B2 (en) 2016-11-10 2019-12-03 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation High voltage direct current system for a vehicle
US10122306B2 (en) 2017-03-08 2018-11-06 Hamilton Sundstrand Corporation Electric power generating system with a permanent magnet generator and combination of active and passive rectifiers

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JP2001037133A (en) 2001-02-09
JP3983423B2 (en) 2007-09-26
JP4499764B2 (en) 2010-07-07

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