JP2007010247A5 - - Google Patents

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JP2007010247A5
JP2007010247A5 JP2005192934 JP2005192934A JP2007010247A5 JP 2007010247 A5 JP2007010247 A5 JP 2007010247A5 JP 2005192934 JP2005192934 JP 2005192934 JP 2005192934 A JP2005192934 A JP 2005192934A JP 2007010247 A5 JP2007010247 A5 JP 2007010247A5
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exhaust
exhaust air
chamber
hot air
drying
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JP2005192934
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Japanese (ja)
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JP4379388B2 (en
JP2007010247A (en
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Description

Grain dryer

  The present invention relates to a grain dryer.

Patent Document 1 describes a technique for reducing a part of exhaust air to a burner part. And when the moisture value of the grain is high, the reduction amount of the exhaust air is small, and when the moisture value of the kernel is low, the reduction amount of the exhaust air is increased, thereby reducing the drying rate with the decrease in the moisture value of the kernel. It is intended to prevent the decrease and improve the drying speed.
JP-A 61-195266

  The exhausted air that is sucked and exhausted by the exhaust fan contains the moisture removed from the grain, but the heat that is still able to absorb the moisture is released outside the machine as it is. It will be generated in vain. In Patent Document 1, exhaust air is used again for the drying operation, but its purpose is to prevent a decrease in the drying rate associated with a decrease in the moisture content of the grain, and is aimed at combustion efficiency. Is not good.

  An object of the present invention is to perform a drying operation with good combustion efficiency by effectively using exhaust air.

In order to solve the above problems, the present invention has taken the following technical means.
That is, a combustion device (4) for generating hot air for drying the kernel, a hot air chamber (13) through which the hot air generated by the combustion device (4) passes, and moisture in the kernel by drying the kernel An exhaust air chamber (15) into which the absorbed hot air flows, an exhaust air fan (7) that sucks the hot air flowing into the exhaust air chamber (15) and discharges it as exhaust air, and a control unit that controls the drying operation Is provided with a combustion device (4) on the front side of the hot air chamber (13), an exhaust fan (7) on the rear side, and an exhaust air on the discharge side of the exhaust fan (7). A reduction passage (20) through which exhaust air discharged from the fan (7) passes is provided, and the reduction passage (20) has a ratio of exhaust air discharged to the outside of the apparatus and exhaust air reduced to the hot air chamber (13). the adjusting the control valve (22) is provided, the difference between the absolute humidity of the exhaust air and the absolute humidity and the control target of the fresh air which is calculated by the control unit Al, exhausted wind calculates the amount of water absorption that can be absorbed from the grain, the calculation result with a preset that based on the dry lapse rate hot air chamber (13) so as to change the ratio of the exhaust air to be reduced to the control valve (22 ) To adjust the grain dryer.

  According to the present invention, the exhaust air exhausted from the exhaust air fan (7) is reduced again to the hot air chamber (13), so that the exhaust air having water absorption power can be used again for the drying operation. Since the amount of hot air generated by the minute combustion device (4) can be reduced and the appropriate amount of exhaust air can be reduced to the hot air chamber (13), a drying operation with good combustion efficiency can be performed.

  Further, by supplying both hot air generated in the combustion device (4) and exhaust air reduced in the reduction passage (20) to the hot air chamber (13), the increase in the temperature of the grain is promoted and high speed is achieved. While being able to perform a drying operation, by restricting the exhaust air to be reduced on the other hand, it is possible to prevent exhaust air containing excessive moisture from being reduced and difficult to remove moisture from the grain.

As one of the best modes for carrying out the present invention, a grain dryer will be described in detail.
The grain dryer includes a box 1 that contains grains, and the front side of the box 1 is a lift 2 that raises grains, a combustion burner storage chamber 5 that houses a combustion burner 4 that generates hot air, and drying. An operation panel 6 for operating the work, the ceiling side of the box body 1 is provided with a transfer device 3 for conveying the grains cerealed by the elevator 2 to the inside of the box body 1, and the rear side of the box body 1 is the box body 1. An exhaust fan 7 that sucks the hot air inside is provided, and a reduction passage 20 that connects the exhaust fan 7 and the combustion burner storage chamber 5 is provided on one side of the box 1. Moreover, the other side of the box 1 is provided with an opening / closing door 19a for opening and closing a loading port 19 for loading grains. The elevator 2 is provided with a moisture meter 9 for detecting the moisture of the grain and a grain outlet 18 for discharging the grain in the box 1 to the outside of the machine. 3 is provided with a dust collecting device 50 that collects dust and other foreign matters mixed in the grain conveyed. The operation panel 6 also includes a control unit that controls the drying operation.

In the box 1, a storage chamber 10 is provided in the upper stage, and a drying chamber 11 is provided in the lower stage.
The upper part of the storage chamber 10 is provided with diffusion blades 12 for diffusing the grains transported by the upper spiral 3a in the transport device 3 into the storage chamber 10, and the drying chamber 11 receives hot air generated by the combustion burner 4. It comprises a hot air chamber 13 that passes through, a downflow passage 14 through which the grain flows down from the storage chamber 10, and an exhaust chamber 15 that receives the suction action of the exhaust fan 7. The combustion surface 4 a of the combustion burner 4 is configured to face the hot air chamber 13. A rotary valve 16 is provided at the lower end portion of the flow-down passage 14 to feed the grains that have flowed down the flow-down passage 14 by a predetermined amount. A lower portion that conveys the grain fed out by the rotary valve 16 to the elevator 2 below the rotary valve 16. A spiral 17 is provided. And it is set as the structure which connects between the discharge side of the exhaust fan 7 and the combustion burner storage chamber 5 by the reduction | restoration channel | path 20. FIG.

The reduction passage 21 of the present embodiment is configured to be connected to the combustion burner accommodating chamber 5 on the front side from the rear side of the box body 1, and is configured to support the reduction passage 21 with a support body 25.
The reducing passage 20 is provided with an adjustment valve 22, and is configured so that the opening can be freely adjusted to the reducing passage 20 side (solid line in FIG. 1) and the external discharge passage 23 side (FIG. 1 two-dotted line). The ratio of the exhaust air discharged from the exhaust fan 7 to the outside and the reduction to the hot air chamber 13 can be adjusted.

  The reduction passage 21 is provided with an exhaust air temperature sensor 24 for detecting the temperature of the exhaust air discharged by the exhaust air fan 7 and an exhaust air humidity sensor 25 for detecting the relative humidity of the exhaust air. In the grain dryer of the present embodiment, although not shown, an outside air temperature sensor for detecting the outside air temperature and an outside humidity sensor for detecting outside air humidity are provided.

Next, the drying operation will be described.
The operator opens the opening / closing door 19 a and throws the grain into the slot 19. The input grain is supplied to the lower helix 17 and conveyed to the elevator 2, and is supplied from the elevator 2 to the storage chamber 10 through the conveying device 3. When the input of the grain to be supplied is completed, when the operator operates the operation panel 6 to operate the combustion burner 4, a flame is generated on the combustion surface 4 a and hot air is supplied to the hot air chamber 13. On the other hand, the rotary valve 16 has also started to drive, and the grains that flow down the flow-down passage 14 are sequentially fed out to the lower spiral 17. The hot air supplied to the hot air chamber 13 passes through the slits 13 b formed in the hot air chamber body 13 a forming the hot air chamber 13 and flows into the flow-down passage 14. Then, moisture in the flowing grain is taken away and flows into the exhaust chamber 15. The hot air flowing into the exhaust chamber 15 is sucked by the exhaust fan 7 and discharged to the reduction passage 20.

Next, a method for controlling the opening degree of the control valve 22 will be described.
The outside air temperature detected by the outside air temperature sensor is 20 ° C., the outside air humidity detected by the outside air humidity sensor is 70%, and the absolute humidity (Z) calculated by the control unit is 13 g / kg. The exhaust wind (Y) as a control target is, for example, the case where the exhaust air temperature is 30 ° C., the exhaust air humidity is 70%, and the absolute humidity (U) is 25 g / kg. And the air volume of the exhaust fan 7 of a present Example is 1900 kg / h, the quantity of the grain (rice cake) supplied to the grain dryer is 800 kg, and a drying rate (ratio of the moisture dried per hour) Is 1.2% / h, the rate of exhaust air to be reduced to the hot air chamber 13 is obtained from the following equation.

Absolute humidity (U)-Absolute humidity (Z) = 12 (g / kg) (B)
The amount of water that can actually be absorbed is 12 × 1900/1000 = 23 (kg) (b)
The amount of water removed from the dryer per hour is 800 (kg) × 1.2 (% / h) = 9.6 (kg / h) (C)
From the formulas (b) and (c) 23 / (9.6 + 23) = 0.71 → 71% (2)
In other words, the control valve 22 is adjusted to reduce 71% of the amount of exhaust air discharged from the exhaust fan 7 to the hot air chamber 13.

  In addition, when the control valve 22 is adjusted so as to reduce an amount larger than 71% of the exhausted air amount to the hot air chamber 13, the more water is reduced, the more water is reduced. It becomes difficult to remove. In addition, when the control valve 22 reduces an amount less than 71% of the exhausted air amount to the hot air chamber 13, the amount of heat reduced to the hot air chamber 13 decreases, so that it is difficult to increase the temperature of the grain and the drying speed is increased. Become slow.

  By adjusting the opening of the control valve 22 based on the formula of this embodiment and adjusting the ratio of reducing the exhaust air to the hot air chamber 13, the heat generated by the exhaust air discharged from the exhaust air fan 7, that is, water absorption. A drying operation with good combustion efficiency can be performed by using the force as appropriately as possible.

  Note that the absolute humidity (U) of the exhaust air (Y), which is the reference for the control target, may be configured to be arbitrarily set, or automatically by the control unit according to the progress of the drying process or the change of the outside air temperature. It is good also as a structure to change.

Further, the rate at which the exhaust air is discharged outside the apparatus and the rate at which it is returned to the hot air chamber 13 by the control valve 22 may be controlled to change depending on the outside air temperature. For example, when the outside air temperature is about 10 ° C., the control valve 22 is adjusted so that the ratio of the amount of exhaust air returned to the hot air chamber 13 is about 70%. When the outside air temperature is close to 30 ° C., most of the exhaust air is discharged outside the machine. It is set as the structure discharged | emitted out of the machine from the passage 23. According to this configuration, when the outside air temperature is low, the exhaust air can be efficiently used to perform the drying operation, but it is possible to prevent the temperature from rising to a grain temperature (for example, 35 ° C. or higher) enough to damage the grain. .

  By the way, the control valve 22 of the reduction passage 20 is set to a position on the side where the exhaust air is discharged to the outside discharge passage 23 side when the drying operation is started. That is, in the case of the combustion burner 4, exhaust air is not circulated until the combustion burner 4 rises and the combustion state is stabilized. Then, after the combustion state is stabilized, the control valve 22 is switched to reduce and circulate the exhaust air to the hot air chamber 13, so that the exhaust air when the combustion in the initial stage of drying is not stable enters the hot air chamber 13. Intrusion can be prevented.

Further, the exhaust air flowing into the side of the combustion burner storage chamber 5 from the reduction passage 20 enters the hot air chamber 13 from the front side of the combustion burner 4 together with the external air flowing in from the outside air intake 5 a provided on the front side of the combustion burner storage chamber 5. Supplied. In the case of the combustion burner 4, if exhaust air is supplied from the side of the combustion surface 4a, the combustion flame is disturbed and the combustion becomes unstable, but from the front side of the combustion burner 4, that is, in the direction opposite to the combustion surface 4a. Since the exhaust air and the outside air are supplied from above, it is possible to prevent the flame of the combustion surface 4a from being disturbed. In addition, it is possible to circulate the exhaust air while introducing a substantially constant amount of outside air without requiring a damper or the like for blocking outside air.

  Reference numeral 30 is a guide for narrowing the exhaust air, and is provided in a pre-process of the control valve 22. This guide can prevent the exhaust air from returning to the exhaust fan 7 side when the control valve 22 is actuated.

Another embodiment of the present invention will be described.
After the operation of the combustion burner 4 is started and the combustion state is stabilized, the control valve 22 is fully closed to reduce the exhaust air in the reduction passage 20 to the combustion burner housing chamber 5. When the exhaust air humidity sensor 25 detects the relative humidity of the exhaust air every predetermined time and detects that the relative humidity of the exhaust air has reached a preset upper limit relative humidity (for example, 90%), the adjustment is performed. When it is detected that the relative humidity detected by the exhaust air humidity sensor 25 has dropped to a lower limit relative humidity (for example, 70%) or less after that, the valve 22 is operated in the opening direction to exhaust the exhaust air to the outside. The control valve 22 is closed and the exhaust air is circulated. With this configuration, the exhaust air is discharged after absorbing a large amount of moisture, the exhaust air having increased humidity is discharged, the control valve 22 is closed again, and the exhaust air is circulated. Good exhaust air circulation control can be performed.

Next, another embodiment of a grain dryer capable of drying at high speed will be described with reference to FIGS.
A feature of this grain dryer is a configuration in which a plurality of frames 61 having the same height are stacked above the first drying chamber 60, and a second drying chamber 62 provided with a heating device in one of the stages. Is formed. The second drying chamber 62 uses a combustion burner or an electric heater as a heat source. By forming the frame of the second drying chamber 62 and the frame of the other step at the same height H, the second drying chamber 62 can be provided at a desired step. Further, both the first drying chamber 60 and the second drying chamber 62 are provided with exhaust fans 60a and 62a, respectively.

It should be noted that the inside of the second drying chamber 62 is configured such that the grains naturally flow down and is not provided with feeding means such as a rotary valve, so that clogging of the grains can be prevented.
According to the grain dryer of this embodiment, various drying control methods can be performed. For example, when the second drying chamber 62 is provided near the first drying chamber 60, so-called high-speed drying control is performed in which the main drying is performed in the first drying chamber 60 immediately after preheating in the second drying chamber 62. If the drying chamber 62 is arranged at a position close to the upper stage, there is a drying step by the second drying chamber 62, and then a tempering step and a drying step by the first drying chamber 60 and a two-stage drying cycle can be performed by one dryer. To do.

  Further, the first drying chamber 62 may be provided with a far-infrared drying device, and the second drying chamber may be provided with an electric heater.

  In the present embodiment, the reduction passage 20 is provided outside the box 1, but it may be configured to penetrate the inside of the box 1.

Top view of grain dryer Side view of grain dryer Front view of grain dryer Rear view of grain dryer Cross section of the grain dryer as seen from the side Cross section of the grain dryer as seen from the front Front view of a grain dryer according to another embodiment Rear view of a grain dryer according to another embodiment Side view of a grain dryer according to another embodiment

Explanation of symbols

4 Combustion device (combustion burner)
7 Exhaust fan 13 Hot air chamber 15 Exhaust chamber 20 Reduction passage 22 Control valve

Claims (1)

  1. Combustion device (4) for generating hot air for drying the grain, hot air chamber (13) through which the hot air generated by the combustion device (4) passes, and drying the kernel to absorb moisture in the kernel An exhaust chamber (15) into which hot air flows, an exhaust fan (7) for sucking hot air flowing into the exhaust chamber (15) and exhausting it as exhaust air, and a controller for controlling the drying operation are provided. In a grain dryer,
    The combustion device (4) is provided on the front side of the hot air chamber (13), the exhaust air fan (7) is provided on the rear side, and the exhaust air discharged from the exhaust air fan (7) is provided on the exhaust side of the exhaust air fan (7). A reduction passage (20) through which wind passes is provided, and the reduction passage (20) is provided with a regulating valve (22) for adjusting the ratio of the exhaust air discharged to the outside of the machine and the exhaust air reduced to the hot air chamber (13). Provided,
    From the difference between the absolute humidity of the outside air calculated by the control unit and the absolute humidity of the exhaust air as a control target, the water absorption amount that the exhaust air can absorb from the grain is calculated, and the calculation result and a preset drying rate are calculated. A grain dryer characterized in that the control valve (22) is adjusted so as to change the proportion of the exhaust air that is reduced to the hot air chamber (13).
JP2005192934A 2005-06-30 2005-06-30 Grain dryer Active JP4379388B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005192934A JP4379388B2 (en) 2005-06-30 2005-06-30 Grain dryer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2005192934A JP4379388B2 (en) 2005-06-30 2005-06-30 Grain dryer

Publications (3)

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JP2007010247A5 true JP2007010247A5 (en) 2007-01-18
JP2007010247A JP2007010247A (en) 2007-01-18
JP4379388B2 JP4379388B2 (en) 2009-12-09

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Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4992442B2 (en) * 2007-01-31 2012-08-08 井関農機株式会社 Grain dryer
JP5040384B2 (en) * 2007-03-16 2012-10-03 井関農機株式会社 Exhaust circulation type grain dryer
JP5251029B2 (en) * 2007-07-20 2013-07-31 井関農機株式会社 Kernel drying method
JP5125419B2 (en) * 2007-10-31 2013-01-23 井関農機株式会社 Drying equipment
JP5211856B2 (en) * 2008-05-29 2013-06-12 井関農機株式会社 Exhaust air circulation type grain dryer
JP5298647B2 (en) * 2008-06-02 2013-09-25 井関農機株式会社 Grain dryer
JP5422965B2 (en) * 2008-10-24 2014-02-19 井関農機株式会社 Exhaust air circulation type grain dryer
KR101261477B1 (en) * 2010-04-13 2013-05-10 김광영 Heat recovery type drying system
JP5310786B2 (en) * 2011-05-30 2013-10-09 井関農機株式会社 Dryer
JP5267634B2 (en) * 2011-10-28 2013-08-21 井関農機株式会社 Grain dryer
JP5510573B2 (en) * 2013-02-26 2014-06-04 井関農機株式会社 Exhaust air circulation type grain dryer

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