GB356408A - Manufacture of highly viscous solutions from polyvinyl alcohols - Google Patents

Manufacture of highly viscous solutions from polyvinyl alcohols

Info

Publication number
GB356408A
GB356408A GB22862/30A GB2286230A GB356408A GB 356408 A GB356408 A GB 356408A GB 22862/30 A GB22862/30 A GB 22862/30A GB 2286230 A GB2286230 A GB 2286230A GB 356408 A GB356408 A GB 356408A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
solution
treated
polyvinyl alcohol
aldehyde
aqueous
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
GB22862/30A
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
IG Farbenindustrie AG
Original Assignee
IG Farbenindustrie AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE356408X priority Critical
Application filed by IG Farbenindustrie AG filed Critical IG Farbenindustrie AG
Publication of GB356408A publication Critical patent/GB356408A/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR TOOLS FOR ARTISTIC WORK, e.g. FOR SCULPTURING, GUILLOCHING, CARVING, BRANDING, INLAYING
    • B44B5/00Machines or apparatus for embossing decorations or marks, e.g. embossing coins
    • B44B5/02Dies; Accessories
    • B44B5/026Dies
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08FMACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS OBTAINED BY REACTIONS ONLY INVOLVING CARBON-TO-CARBON UNSATURATED BONDS
    • C08F8/00Chemical modification by after-treatment
    • C08F8/48Isomerisation; Cyclisation
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/19Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D06M15/21Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M15/347Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds of unsaturated ethers, acetals, hemiacetals, ketones or aldehydes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS, OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2200/00Functionality of the treatment composition and/or properties imparted to the textile material
    • D06M2200/40Reduced friction resistance, lubricant properties; Sizing compositions

Abstract

Highly viscous solutions useful for making emulsions are prepared by treating aqueous solutions of polyvinyl alcohols with an aldehyde, or an agent yielding an aldehyde, under such mild conditions that products insoluble in water are not formed. A small amount of an acid catalyst, e.g. lactic, phosphoric, or hydrochloric acid may be added, but the catalyst should be eliminated, e.g. by neutralization, when the reaction has proceeded to the desired stage. Any excess of aldehyde is preferably eliminated also, e.g. by addition of ammonia. According to the examples, (1) an aqueous polyvinyl alcohol solution, obtained by saponifying a polyvinyl acetate, is treated with formaldehyde solution at 60-65 DEG C.; a viscous solution suitable for making emulsions of insoluble dyes is obtained; the solute may be isolated by precipitation with alcohol; (2) a viscous polyvinyl acetate, prepared by polymerizing vinyl acetate in the presence of paraformaldehyde, is saponified and the polyvinyl alcohol so obtained is dissolved in water; the solution is treated at 60-65 DEG C., with paraformaldehyde, and then diluted and treated with sufficient ammonia to eliminate the excess of aldehyde; (3) an aqueous polyvinyl alcohol solution is treated at 70-80 DEG C. with a glyoxal solution containing oxalic acid; (4) an aqueous polyvinyl alcohol solution obtained by saponifying vinyl chloracetate is warmed with acetaldehyde and a little hydrochloric acid, which is neutralized when the desired increase in viscosity has been attained; (5) an aqueous solution of a partly saponified polyvinyl acetate is treated at 80-85 DEG C. with aldol and lactic acid, the latter being afterwards neutralized; (6) an aqueous solution of a viscous polyvinyl alcohol is warmed with benzaldehyde; (7) an aqueous solution of a low-polymerized polyvinyl alcohol is treated with adol at 80-85 DEG C.; (8) an aqueous solution of a low-polymerized polyvinyl alcohol is treated with glucose and glycollic acid, and the product is neutralized and rendered fluid by dilution with water. The use of chloral or butyraldehyde as the aldehyde is referred to. The Specification as open to inspection under Sect. 91 (3) (a) states that the solution used in example 5 is an alcoholic solution. This subject-matter does not appear in the Specification as accepted.ALSO:Highly viscous solutions useful for making emulsions and printing pastes and for sizing textile fibres, are prepared by treating aqueous solutions of polyvinyl alcohols with an aldehyde, or an agent yielding an aldehyde, under such mild conditions that products insoluble in water are not formed. A small amount of an acid catalyst, e.g. lactic, phosphoric, or hydrochloric acid may be added, but the catalyst should be eliminated, e.g. by neutralization, when the reaction has proceeded to the desired stage. Any excess of aldehyde is preferably eliminated also, e.g. by addition of ammonia. According to the examples, (1) an aqueous polyvinyl alcohol solution, obtained by saponifying a polyvinyl acetate with sulphuric acid, is treated with formaldehyde solution at 60-65 DEG C.; a viscous solution suitable for making emulsions of insoluble dyes or for sizing, dressing or printing is obtained; the solute may be isolated by precipitation with alcohol; (2) a viscous polyvinyl acetate, prepared by polymerizing vinyl acetate in the presence of paraformaldehyde, is saponified with an aromatic sulphonic acid, and the polyvinyl alcohol so obtained is dissolved in water; the solution is treated at 60-65 DEG C. with paraformaldehyde, and then diluted and treated with sufficient ammonia to eliminate the excess of aldehyde; (3) an aqueous polyvinyl alcohol solution is treated at 70-80 DEG C. with a glyoxal solution containing oxalic acid; (4) an aqueous polyvinyl alcohol solution obtained by saponifying vinyl chloracetate is warmed with acetaldehyde and a little hydrochloric acid, which is neutralized when the desired increase in viscosity has been attained; (5) an aqueous solution of a partly saponified polyvinyl acetate is treated at 80-85 DEG C. with aldol and lactic acid, the latter being afterwards neutralized; (6) an aqueous solution of a viscous polyvinyl alcohol is warmed with benzaldehyde; (7) an aqueous solution of a low-polymerized polyvinyl alcohol is treated with aldol at 80-85 DEG C.; (8) an aqueous solution of a low-polymerized polyvinyl alcohol is treated with glucose and glycollic acid, and the product is neutralized and rendered fluid by dilution with water. The use of chloral or butyraldehyde as the aldehyde is referred to. The Specification as open to inspection under Sect. 91 (3) (a) states that the solution used in example (5) is an alcoholic solution. This subject-matter does not appear in the Specification as accepted.ALSO:Highly viscous solutions useful for sizing textile fibres are prepared by treating aqueous solutions of polyvinyl alcohols with an aldehyde, or an agent yielding an aldehyde, under such mild conditions that products insoluble in water are not formed. A small amount of an acid catalyst, e.g. lactic, phosphoric, or hydrochloric acid may be added, but the catalyst should be eliminated, e.g. by neutralization, when the reaction has proceeded to the desired stage. Any excess of aldehyde is preferably eliminated also, e.g. by addition of ammonia. According to the examples, (1) an aqueous polyvinyl alcohol solution, obtained by saponifying a polyvinyl acetate, is treated with formaldehyde solution at 60-65 DEG C.; a viscous solution suitable for sizing is obtained; the solute may be isolated by precipitation with alcohol; (2) a viscous polyvinyl acetate, prepared by polymerizing vinyl acetate in the presence of paraformaldehyde, is saponified and the polyvinyl alcohol so obtained is dissolved in water; the solution is treated at 60-65 DEG C. with paraformaldehyde, and then diluted and treated with sufficient ammonia to eliminate the excess of aldehyde; (3) an aqueous polyvinyl alcohol solution is treated at 70-80 DEG C. with a glyoxal solution containing oxalic acid; (4) an aqueous polyvinyl alcohol solution obtained by saponifying vinyl chloracetate is warmed with acetaldehyde and a little hydrochloric acid, which is neutralized when the desired increase in viscosity has been attained; (5) an aqueous solution of a partly saponified polyvinyl acetate is treated at 80-85 DEG C. with aldol and lactic acid, the latter being afterwards neutralized; (6) an aqueous solution of a viscous polyvinyl alcohol is warmed with benzaldehyde; (7) an aqueous solution of a low-polymerized polyvinyl alcohol is treated with aldol at 80-85 DEG C.; (8) an aqueous solution of a low-polymerized polyvinyl alcohol is treated with glucose and glycollic acid, and the product is neutralized and rendered fluid by dilution with water. The use of chloral or butyraldehyde as the aldehyde is referred to. The Specification as open to inspection under Sect. 91 (3) (a) states that the solution used in example 5 is an alcoholic solution. This subject-matter does not appear in the Specification as accepted.
GB22862/30A 1929-07-29 1930-07-29 Manufacture of highly viscous solutions from polyvinyl alcohols Expired GB356408A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE356408X 1929-07-29

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB356408A true GB356408A (en) 1931-09-10

Family

ID=6290271

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB22862/30A Expired GB356408A (en) 1929-07-29 1930-07-29 Manufacture of highly viscous solutions from polyvinyl alcohols

Country Status (2)

Country Link
FR (2) FR356408A (en)
GB (1) GB356408A (en)

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2415319A (en) * 1943-04-08 1947-02-04 Monsanto Chemicals Vinyl resin molding composition
US2422646A (en) * 1938-01-20 1947-06-17 Starck Werner Aqueous emulsions and a process of preparing them
US2485239A (en) * 1945-03-06 1949-10-18 Du Pont Polymers containing recurring aldehyde groups and derivatives thereof and process for preparing same
US2487223A (en) * 1944-12-20 1949-11-08 Du Pont Adhesive compositions
US2510257A (en) * 1946-04-27 1950-06-06 Du Pont Polyvinyl acetate emulsions containing glyoxal
US2556902A (en) * 1949-04-16 1951-06-12 Dick Co Ab Stencil duplicating inks
US2595276A (en) * 1948-03-29 1952-05-06 Lowry Milton Lester Polyvinyl alcohol lucrose hemostat
US3166497A (en) * 1961-05-27 1965-01-19 Kurashiki Rayon Co Clarification of aqueous suspensions with polyvinyl alcohol-amino aldehyde reaction product
US3170869A (en) * 1961-04-08 1965-02-23 Kurashiki Rayon Co Clarification of aqueous suspensions with acetalized polyvinyl alcohol
US4349443A (en) * 1980-07-17 1982-09-14 W. R. Grace & Co. Viscosifier and fluid loss control system
US4353804A (en) * 1980-07-17 1982-10-12 W. R. Grace & Co. Improved fluid loss control system
US4389319A (en) * 1981-04-24 1983-06-21 W. R. Grace & Co. High temperature stable viscosifier and fluid loss control system
US4411800A (en) * 1981-04-24 1983-10-25 W. R. Grace & Co. High temperature stable fluid loss control system
US4473480A (en) * 1981-04-24 1984-09-25 W. R. Grace & Co. High temperature stable fluid loss control system
USRE31748E (en) * 1980-07-17 1984-11-27 W. R. Grace & Co. Viscosifier and fluid loss control system
US4486318A (en) * 1981-04-24 1984-12-04 W. R. Grace & Co. High temperature stable viscosifier and fluid loss control system
WO1986000330A1 (en) * 1984-06-25 1986-01-16 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel and process for retarding fluid flow
US4643255A (en) * 1984-06-25 1987-02-17 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel and process for preventing loss of circulation, and combination process for enhanced recovery
US4664194A (en) * 1983-07-18 1987-05-12 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel for retarding water flow
US4665987A (en) * 1984-06-25 1987-05-19 Cities Serice Oil And Gas Corporation Prepartially crosslinked gel for retarding fluid flow
US4666957A (en) * 1983-07-18 1987-05-19 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel for retarding water flow
US4673038A (en) * 1984-06-25 1987-06-16 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel and process for preventing carbon dioxide break through
US4796700A (en) * 1984-06-25 1989-01-10 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Process for retarding fluid flow
US4939203A (en) * 1983-07-18 1990-07-03 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel for retarding water flow
NL9301996A (en) * 1993-11-18 1995-06-16 Rudolph Arthur Marinus Kooijma Biodegradable fiber product, process for the preparation thereof, and products obtained, which are formed from this fiber product.

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE953274C (en) * 1937-08-31 1956-11-29 Aeg A method for electrical insulation of a conductor

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2422646A (en) * 1938-01-20 1947-06-17 Starck Werner Aqueous emulsions and a process of preparing them
US2415319A (en) * 1943-04-08 1947-02-04 Monsanto Chemicals Vinyl resin molding composition
US2487223A (en) * 1944-12-20 1949-11-08 Du Pont Adhesive compositions
US2485239A (en) * 1945-03-06 1949-10-18 Du Pont Polymers containing recurring aldehyde groups and derivatives thereof and process for preparing same
US2510257A (en) * 1946-04-27 1950-06-06 Du Pont Polyvinyl acetate emulsions containing glyoxal
US2595276A (en) * 1948-03-29 1952-05-06 Lowry Milton Lester Polyvinyl alcohol lucrose hemostat
US2556902A (en) * 1949-04-16 1951-06-12 Dick Co Ab Stencil duplicating inks
US3170869A (en) * 1961-04-08 1965-02-23 Kurashiki Rayon Co Clarification of aqueous suspensions with acetalized polyvinyl alcohol
US3166497A (en) * 1961-05-27 1965-01-19 Kurashiki Rayon Co Clarification of aqueous suspensions with polyvinyl alcohol-amino aldehyde reaction product
USRE31748E (en) * 1980-07-17 1984-11-27 W. R. Grace & Co. Viscosifier and fluid loss control system
US4353804A (en) * 1980-07-17 1982-10-12 W. R. Grace & Co. Improved fluid loss control system
US4349443A (en) * 1980-07-17 1982-09-14 W. R. Grace & Co. Viscosifier and fluid loss control system
US4389319A (en) * 1981-04-24 1983-06-21 W. R. Grace & Co. High temperature stable viscosifier and fluid loss control system
US4473480A (en) * 1981-04-24 1984-09-25 W. R. Grace & Co. High temperature stable fluid loss control system
US4486318A (en) * 1981-04-24 1984-12-04 W. R. Grace & Co. High temperature stable viscosifier and fluid loss control system
US4411800A (en) * 1981-04-24 1983-10-25 W. R. Grace & Co. High temperature stable fluid loss control system
US4939203A (en) * 1983-07-18 1990-07-03 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel for retarding water flow
US4664194A (en) * 1983-07-18 1987-05-12 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel for retarding water flow
US4666957A (en) * 1983-07-18 1987-05-19 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel for retarding water flow
WO1986000330A1 (en) * 1984-06-25 1986-01-16 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel and process for retarding fluid flow
US4665987A (en) * 1984-06-25 1987-05-19 Cities Serice Oil And Gas Corporation Prepartially crosslinked gel for retarding fluid flow
US4673038A (en) * 1984-06-25 1987-06-16 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel and process for preventing carbon dioxide break through
US4796700A (en) * 1984-06-25 1989-01-10 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Process for retarding fluid flow
US4643255A (en) * 1984-06-25 1987-02-17 Cities Service Oil And Gas Corporation Gel and process for preventing loss of circulation, and combination process for enhanced recovery
NL9301996A (en) * 1993-11-18 1995-06-16 Rudolph Arthur Marinus Kooijma Biodegradable fiber product, process for the preparation thereof, and products obtained, which are formed from this fiber product.

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR699676A (en) 1931-02-18
FR356408A (en) 1905-11-29

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