GB1290050A - - Google Patents

Info

Publication number
GB1290050A
GB1290050A GB1290050DA GB1290050A GB 1290050 A GB1290050 A GB 1290050A GB 1290050D A GB1290050D A GB 1290050DA GB 1290050 A GB1290050 A GB 1290050A
Authority
GB
United Kingdom
Prior art keywords
conduit
dimples
tubes
wall
copper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US88511669A priority Critical
Application filed filed Critical
Publication of GB1290050A publication Critical patent/GB1290050A/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F3/00Plate-like or laminated elements; Assemblies of plate-like or laminated elements
    • F28F3/02Elements or assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with recesses, with corrugations
    • F28F3/04Elements or assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with recesses, with corrugations the means being integral with the element
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/08Thin film evaporation
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D3/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium flows in a continuous film, or trickles freely, over the conduits
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/10Relating to general water supply, e.g. municipal or domestic water supply
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination
    • Y02A20/126Water desalination characterized by the method
    • Y02A20/128Evaporation methods, e.g. distillation

Abstract

1290050 Evaporators, film type; desalination of water AEROJET-GENERAL CORP 9 Oct 1970 [15 Dec 1969] 48119/70 Heading B1B [Also in Division F4] In order to increase the rate of vaporization in a distillation apparatus comprising a bundle of parallel metal tubes wherein a downflowing film of distilland is heated by heat exchange with a hot condensible vapour, the heat exchange wall 30 (Figs. 2 and 3) is provided with a plurality of dimples 31, and the wall thickness t d of the dimpled portions of the wall is less than the wall thickness t u of the undimpled portions. The dimples, which may protrude from either surface, or from both surfaces, of the wall are so disposed that the liquid flowpaths of distilland and/or heating- vapour condensate down the surface(s) are tortuous in a vertical direction. The dimples may be arranged in square-, triangular-, or diamond-shaped pattern. The apparatus shown in Fig. 1 is suitable for the production of fresh water from saline water, supplied through conduit 16. The saline water flows down the inner surfaces of tubes 19, 19a which are externally heated by steam supplied, e.g. from a turbine, through conduit 17. Dimples are provided on both surfaces of the tubes. The steam evolved from the saline water passes through conduit 21 to a condenser to give the required fresh water. Concentrated brine is discharged through conduit 20. The condensate of the heating-steam, which has flowed down the outer surface of the tubes and drips off a baffle (not shown), is discharged through conduit 18. The heat transfer material may be copper, copper-nickel alloy, copper-iron alloy, or aluminium-brass alloy.
GB1290050D 1969-12-15 1970-10-09 Expired GB1290050A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US88511669A true 1969-12-15 1969-12-15

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
GB1290050A true GB1290050A (en) 1972-09-20

Family

ID=25386171

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
GB1290050D Expired GB1290050A (en) 1969-12-15 1970-10-09

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US3664928A (en)
BE (1) BE760325A (en)
DE (1) DE2053544C3 (en)
ES (1) ES384271A1 (en)
FR (1) FR2073720A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1290050A (en)
IL (1) IL35480D0 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2247847A (en) * 1990-09-10 1992-03-18 Kamyr Inc Multi stage flash evaporator

Families Citing this family (36)

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US3901767A (en) * 1973-04-23 1975-08-26 Robert L Williams Distillation mechanism and system
DE3219387A1 (en) * 1982-05-24 1983-12-01 Dvt Deutsch Verfahrenstech evaporation method, multi-effect device for desalting seawater by the
GB8305595D0 (en) * 1983-03-01 1983-03-30 Ici Plc Evaporator
US4569391A (en) * 1984-07-16 1986-02-11 Harsco Corporation Compact heat exchanger
DE3529328A1 (en) * 1985-08-16 1987-02-26 Extraktionstechnik Gmbh liquids apparatus for the distillative separation of volatiles from
US5224538A (en) * 1991-11-01 1993-07-06 Jacoby John H Dimpled heat transfer surface and method of making same
RU2020304C1 (en) * 1992-03-31 1994-09-30 Геннадий Ираклиевич Кикнадзе Streamlined surface for forming dynamic vortex structures in boundary and wall layers of solid media flows
SE505252C2 (en) * 1992-12-15 1997-07-21 Valeo Engine Cooling Ab oil Cooler
EP1159048A4 (en) * 1999-02-18 2002-07-31 Psi Ets Water-cooled distilling apparatus
DE10127084B4 (en) * 2000-06-17 2019-05-29 Mahle International Gmbh Heat exchanger, in particular for motor vehicles
US6761031B2 (en) 2002-09-18 2004-07-13 General Electric Company Double wall combustor liner segment with enhanced cooling
US6722134B2 (en) * 2002-09-18 2004-04-20 General Electric Company Linear surface concavity enhancement
US7104067B2 (en) * 2002-10-24 2006-09-12 General Electric Company Combustor liner with inverted turbulators
US6681578B1 (en) 2002-11-22 2004-01-27 General Electric Company Combustor liner with ring turbulators and related method
AT378519T (en) * 2002-11-25 2007-11-15 Vida Nikolaus Dr Method and device for mixing fluids in a border layer
US20070193726A1 (en) * 2003-03-19 2007-08-23 Nikolaus Vida Three-dimensional surface structure for reduced friction resistance and improved heat exchange
DE10333177A1 (en) * 2003-07-22 2005-02-24 Modine Manufacturing Co., Racine Flow channel for a heat exchanger
DE10347022A1 (en) * 2003-10-07 2005-05-04 Nikolaus Vida Transportation and heat exchange device for flowing media e.g. gases, liquids, multipurpose mixture, has several dimples provided and arranged periodically on at least one surface on which media flows
US7186084B2 (en) * 2003-11-19 2007-03-06 General Electric Company Hot gas path component with mesh and dimpled cooling
US6984102B2 (en) * 2003-11-19 2006-01-10 General Electric Company Hot gas path component with mesh and turbulated cooling
EP1538415A1 (en) * 2003-12-01 2005-06-08 Balcke-Dürr GmbH Flow duct
US20050241605A1 (en) * 2004-04-29 2005-11-03 Bedwell Donald R Fluid flow surface with indentations
US20060099073A1 (en) * 2004-11-05 2006-05-11 Toufik Djeridane Aspherical dimples for heat transfer surfaces and method
JP2006214646A (en) * 2005-02-03 2006-08-17 Xenesys Inc Heat exchanging plate
WO2006098649A1 (en) * 2005-03-04 2006-09-21 Gennady Iraklievich Kiknadze Method for producing a flow which forms tornado-type jets incorporated into a stream and a surface for carrying out said method
US20060231241A1 (en) * 2005-04-18 2006-10-19 Papapanu Steven J Evaporator with aerodynamic first dimples to suppress whistling noise
KR101250771B1 (en) * 2006-09-21 2013-04-04 한라공조주식회사 A Heat Exchanger
US8128399B1 (en) * 2008-02-22 2012-03-06 Great Southern Flameless, Llc Method and apparatus for controlling gas flow patterns inside a heater chamber and equalizing radiant heat flux to a double fired coil
WO2011013144A2 (en) * 2009-07-29 2011-02-03 Thermax Limited A heat exchanger tube
DE102011013572A1 (en) * 2011-03-10 2012-09-13 Norma Germany Gmbh Flow-optimized fluid line
GB2497139B (en) * 2011-12-02 2015-11-11 Vkr Holding As Phase change material pack
US9845902B2 (en) * 2012-05-13 2017-12-19 InnerGeo LLC Conduit for improved fluid flow and heat transfer
US20140100388A1 (en) * 2012-10-05 2014-04-10 Formic Acid-Hydrogen Energy Development Corporation Formic acid producing apparatus and method for producing formic acid using the same
DK177838B1 (en) 2013-03-08 2014-09-08 Danfoss As A gasketed heat exchanger with elastically deformable dimples
DK177839B1 (en) * 2013-03-08 2014-09-08 Danfoss As Heat exchanger with dimples connected by wall sections
US20150231946A1 (en) * 2014-02-14 2015-08-20 Unique Fabricating, Inc. Noise attenuated air duct

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2445471A (en) * 1944-05-09 1948-07-20 Salem Engineering Company Heat exchanger
US3096255A (en) * 1956-05-31 1963-07-02 Wright Arnold G Method and mechanism for separation of solutes from solvents
NL267249A (en) * 1960-07-20
US3175962A (en) * 1961-02-28 1965-03-30 Gen Electric Falling film evaporator
US3282797A (en) * 1962-05-25 1966-11-01 Westinghouse Electric Corp Thin film liquid evaporator formed of a thin corrugated sheet-like member
US3244601A (en) * 1962-12-04 1966-04-05 Gen Electric Fluted tubular distillation apparatus
US3291704A (en) * 1963-06-28 1966-12-13 Gen Electric Distillation apparatus having corrugated heat transfer surfaces
GB1199154A (en) * 1966-10-19 1970-07-15 Maxwell Davidson Evaporators Improvements in or relating to Evaporators

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2247847A (en) * 1990-09-10 1992-03-18 Kamyr Inc Multi stage flash evaporator
US5133837A (en) * 1990-09-10 1992-07-28 Kamyr, Inc. Dimpled plate multi-stage flash evaporator
GB2247847B (en) * 1990-09-10 1994-05-18 Kamyr Inc Multi-stage flash evaporator

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
BE760325A (en) 1971-05-17
DE2053544C3 (en) 1981-08-20
BE760325A1 (en)
DE2053544B2 (en) 1980-11-20
ES384271A1 (en) 1973-01-16
FR2073720A5 (en) 1971-10-01
US3664928A (en) 1972-05-23
DE2053544A1 (en) 1971-06-16
IL35480D0 (en) 1970-12-24

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PS Patent sealed
PLE Entries relating assignments, transmissions, licences in the register of patents
PCNP Patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee