FR3005152A1 - Glacons mold - Google Patents

Glacons mold Download PDF

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Publication number
FR3005152A1
FR3005152A1 FR1360156A FR1360156A FR3005152A1 FR 3005152 A1 FR3005152 A1 FR 3005152A1 FR 1360156 A FR1360156 A FR 1360156A FR 1360156 A FR1360156 A FR 1360156A FR 3005152 A1 FR3005152 A1 FR 3005152A1
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FR
France
Prior art keywords
bottom
cavities
ice cube
ice
cover
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
FR1360156A
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Laurent Benayoun
Original Assignee
Laurent Benayoun
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FR1300987A priority Critical patent/FR3005151A1/en
Application filed by Laurent Benayoun filed Critical Laurent Benayoun
Priority to FR1360156A priority patent/FR3005152A1/en
Publication of FR3005152A1 publication Critical patent/FR3005152A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25CPRODUCING, WORKING OR HANDLING ICE
    • F25C1/00Producing ice
    • F25C1/22Construction of moulds; Filling devices for moulds
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25CPRODUCING, WORKING OR HANDLING ICE
    • F25C2500/00Problems to be solved
    • F25C2500/06Spillage or flooding of water

Abstract

Ice-cube mold comprising a bottom (120) with cavities (121) for forming ice cubes in combination with a lid (130) placed on the bottom and having cavities (151) of shape and position complementary to those (121) of the bottom (120) to form cavities (110) for molding ice cubes. An array of channels (122) connects the cells (110) to a fill port. An expansion means (151A, 1B) associated with the cells (110) makes it possible to compensate for the change in volume of the freezing water so as to obtain a desired shape of ice (121, 1B). The bottom (120) is connected to the cover (130) by assembly means providing a sealed assembly for having ice cubes whose volume exceeds the volume of the cavities (121) of the bottom (120).

Description

Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an ice cube mold formed of a bottom with cavities for producing ice cubes and a lid applied to the bottom.

State of the art To make ice cubes, use a suitable container, fill it and insert it in the freezer. There is easy overflow and the ice cube can absorb odors and other stains because it is not well protected.

There is also the possibility of using ice packs that can only be used once, which is a source of pollution. Nowadays, to make ice cubes, we use an ice cube tray made up of a room equipped with cavities that we fill with water and that we put in the freezer. This ice cube tray may, if necessary, be provided with a flat lid, so that during maneuvers which are carried out after the filling of the mold with water, the water does not flow in the freezer if the ice bin is not held in a horizontal position, especially if the ice bin is filled with water to the brim. Then the water freezes in the cavities of the bottom. Depending on the filling level of the cavities, the ice does not overflow the cavities and ice cubes are obtained which are removed from the cavities individually. If the fill level is too high, the water overflows as it freezes over the top of the ice bin, possibly under the lid and forms a layer of ice that connects the top of the ice. These ice cube trays can be used to make ice cubes generally in the shape of pyramid trunks or even of any shape, but the top of the ice cubes is always flat. There are also single-use pouches for forming ice-cube strings that have a spherical shape or an ellipsoid shape. To unmold it is necessary to tear the bag to free the ice cubes. This disposable bag constitutes a source of pollution by the material of the bag. OBJECT OF THE INVENTION The object of the present invention is to provide an ice cube mold making it possible to obtain ice cubes of relatively any shape with a non-planar top, which is simple to use, does not produce any pollution such as that of the disposable mold or overflow of water in the freezer. DESCRIPTION AND ADVANTAGES OF THE INVENTION To this end, the subject of the present invention is an ice cube mold of the type defined above, characterized in that the lid comprises cavities of shape and position complementary to those of the bottom to form moldings. cavities for molding ice, a network of channels connecting the cells to a filling port, an expansion means for compensating the variation in volume of the water conglomerating in the cells and connecting means connecting waterproof the lid at the bottom. By convention, according to the invention, the bottom of the mold is the part by which the mold rests in the freezer while the lid is free and not subject to the weight of the mold filled with water but can unfold freely during the freezing of water. The ice cube mold according to the invention has the advantage of being of a very simple use since it is sufficient to assemble the two parts of the mold, the bottom and the lid by sealingly connecting them and then filling the mold. with water and close it to place in the freezer by weighing it on its bottom. As the mold is sealed, the water is not likely to leak from the mold and clog the freezer with ice. After freezing, the ice cubes are collected by opening the mold and separating the ice cubes from the mesh formed by the ice fillet of the channels connecting the cavities. The present invention makes ice cubes in its freezer without overflow or pollution. This invention also provides ice cubes of three-dimensional shape.

This assembly also has the advantage of being a set of ice cubes that is easy to detach for use without the risk that the ice sticks to each other as often happens when the ice cubes are removed from the mold and are placed in bulk in a container, while waiting for their use.

On the contrary, according to the invention, there is obtained a "ice cube grid" which can also be replaced as is in the freezer if for special reasons it is necessary to prepare a large quantity of ice cubes and especially a quantity greater than the number of ice cubes. - the mold. According to an advantageous characteristic, the bottom is rigid and the expansion means is integrated in the lid, which facilitates the manufacture of the mold and its use. According to an advantageous characteristic, the lid expansion means is constituted by the cavities of the lid, are expandable between a rest form for filling and a form after freezing of the water, the rest form corresponding to a filling volume and the form of freezing to the final shape of the ice cube, the sealing filling giving after expansion by freezing, the final volume by elastic deformation of the cavity to the final shape of the cell for the ice cube to obtain. The volume of each cavity is calculated so that taking into account the expansion of the ice during freezing, the final volume corresponds to the final shape of the ice cube, at least the shape that the cavity of the lid must give to the ice cube otherwise molded in the associated cavity of the bottom. The elastic deformation of the cavity is made from a form at rest which, by expansion in the three dimensions gives the desired final shape.

According to another characteristic, the lid is formed of a rigid base provided with elastically deformable cavities. The rigid base is in the plane of the lid and is preferably applied over its entire surface against the upper face of the bottom that is to say the plane of the bottom and this rigid base has at appropriate locations, cavities elastically deformable made of an elastic material and reported at the base by an assembly such as gluing, welding or also bi-injection of the base of the lid with a rigid material and the cavities being injected in a flexible material.

According to an advantageous characteristic, the channels are made in the plane of the bottom and the top covers the channels. According to one characteristic, the sealing of the mold is done by straps equipping the edge of the assembly of the bottom and the cover. These straps may be inserts such as clips or lugs integral with one or both parts of the mold which fold over the edge of the other part by tightening the two assembled parts. Advantageously, the tightness of the edge of the mold is achieved by nesting by the shape of the edge of the lid in the edge of the bottom with the event of a peripheral seal tightened by the assembly of the two parts of the mold. The mold generally has a generally rectangular shape, elongated rather than square to facilitate its filling in a vertical position and avoid trapping air in the parts of the cavities. Drawings The present invention will be described in more detail below with the aid of embodiments of ice cube molds shown in the accompanying drawings in which: - Figure 1 is a schematic plan view of an ice cube mold according to the invention. FIGS. 2A, 2B and 2C schematically show a sectional view of a cell of the ice cube mold corresponding to a cell of the mold and filling channels connected to the cell: FIG. 2A shows the first embodiment of FIG. a cell and in the filling position. - Figure 2B is a sectional view of a second embodiment of a cell in the filling position. - Figure 2C is a schematic sectional view of a cell after freezing water. - Figure 3 is an exploded view of another embodiment of an ice cube mold. Figs. 4A, 4B are two perspective views of the bottom and a lid of another embodiment of the icemaker. - Figure 5 is a plan view of an alternative embodiment of ice cube mold. DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION According to FIGS. 1, 2A-C, the subject of the invention is an ice cube mold 100, which in its plane has a rectangular shape, for example elongated. The mold 100 is composed of a bottom 120 and a cover 130 represented by transparency in order to show the internal organization of the mold 100 with a set of cells 110 having schematically a spherical ball shape or block-shaped shape. cettes, for example eight regular facets raised from the plane of Figure 1, both upwards and downwards. The cells 110 formed by the assembly of the cavities 121, 151 of the bottom 120 and the cover 130 are connected by a bundle of channels 122 themselves connected to an inlet manifold 160 for filling with a filling orifice 161 and a plug 162. The cells 110 are connected at several points to the channels 122 to allow their complete filling and prevent the air is trapped in the top of the cavities in the orientation of Figure 1, at the time of filling. Channels 122 are represented by dashed lines.

The orientation of FIG. 1 corresponds both to the filling position when the mold is vertical with its filling orifice 161 facing upwards and the horizontal position of the closed mold placed in the freezer. The channels 122 may have different dimensions, especially to favor the filling and the others to evacuate the air more easily. The shapes of the cells 110 are only given by way of example. The cover 130 is fixed to the bottom 120 by sealed connection means constituted by clips 170. The detail of a cell 110 and its channel or channels 122 is shown in "vertical" section in Figures 2A-2C. According to Figure 2A, the cell 110 is formed by the assembly of a cavity 121 of the bottom 120 and the associated cavity 151 of the cover 130. Channels 122 open into the cell 110. The bottom 120 is formed of a plane 125 in which are formed the cavities 121 and the channels 122. The bottom 120 is rigid so as not to deform under the effect of its weight and the water load when the mold is laid flat. The cover 130 is formed of a rigid base 140 provided with an opening 141 corresponding to the shape of the cavity 121 of the bottom 120 against which the cover is tightly applied by its right base 140. On its side facing the bottom cover 130 is provided with a preformed web 150 applied flat against the underside of the base 140 and having a cavity 151 shaped. At rest, that is to say before freezing, this cavity has the form 151A shown in solid lines. The increase in volume of the frozen water in the cell 110 formed by the assembly of the cavities 121, 151 is represented by a dashed line corresponding to the final shape 151B of the cavity of the lid 130. then to the desired shape of the ice cube. The expression "form correspondence" is not synonymous with form identity. The cavity 151 of the cover 130 may have a shape different from that of the cavity 121 of the bottom 120 and a final volume which may also be different. It is important that the final shape of the cell 110 exceeds the plane 125 of the bottom 120, that is to say a volume in some way above the bottom. The shape of the opening 141 and the cavity 151 may exceed the contour of the opening of the cavity 121 of the bottom to obtain an ice cube in a mushroom-shaped manner or this opening 141 and the cavity 151 may be smaller the opening 121, only on condition that the cavities 121, 151 communicate and that the forms are without undercut by the bottom 120 and the cover 130 to allow the release of the ice cube. In the current case, the contour of the cavity 121 of the bottom 120 and that of the cover 130 correspond to give an overall ice cube having a volume whatever the orientation in which the ice cube is examined and the ice cube is not limited to a top plan as the bottom 120 only was used as an ice cube mold. In a limited case, in the rest position, the cavity 151 of the cover 130 may be non-existent and it is only the increase of the volume by freezing that will give the non-planar shape cavity 151B, above the shape represented here in solid lines or in broken lines.

Figure 2B shows another ice cube mold 200 with a cell 210 according to an alternative embodiment of the lid 230, the bottom 120 being made in the same manner as above. The cover 230 consists of a base 240 made of a rigid material and the cavity 251 is made of a flexible material, deformable, shaped to take into account its increase in volume by the freezing of the ice, the cavity 251 has a at rest form 251A to arrive at the final form 251B again shown in dashed lines and which is the shape that we want to give the (x) ice cube (s).

In these two figures 2A, 2B, the cover 130, 230 is shown slightly above the plane 125 of the bottom 120 so as to facilitate the description. In fact, the cover 130, 230 is applied closely against the top of the plane 125 of the bottom 120 so as not to leave gaps with water that would freeze. The cover 130, 230 covers the channels 122 opening into the cavity 121, 231 of the bottom 120, 220 and thus into the cell 110, 210. FIG. 2C shows very schematically the final shape of a cell 110 of the mold, the shape initial cavity 151A, 251A of the cover 150, 250 being shown in phantom.

Figure 3 shows another embodiment of an ice cube maker 300 according to the invention. The mold 300 consists of a bottom 320 with a rigid plane 325 provided with cavities 321 of different shapes connected by air filling and discharge channels 322. The end of the bottom comprises the feed pipe 360 of the canals.

This bottom 320 receives a lid 330 consisting of two parts, a deformable sheet 350 provided with cavities 351 of shape and position complementary to the cavities 321 of the bottom 320 to come over the bottom. This deformable sheet 350 is covered by a rigid plate 340 with openings 341 at the location of the cavities 351 of the sheet 350 is in correspondence with the cavities 321 of the bottom 320 so that the upper plate which constitutes the rigid base 340 of the lid 330 tightly applies the surfaces of the sheet 350 between the cavities 351 against the plane 325 of the bottom 320and seals so that the cells 310 formed by the meeting cavities 321, 351 only communicate through the channels.

The rigid base 340 is provided with an edge 342 so as to complete the positioning of the sheet 350 and then wedge the cover 330 thus formed on the bottom 320. In this embodiment, the flexible sheet 350 can be secured to the base rigid 340 of the lid 330 so that the mold is composed more than two parts, the bottom 320 and the lid 330 facilitating the use to have only two parts to handle. FIGS. 4A, 4B show another embodiment of the mold 400 which differs from the embodiments by the cubic shape of the cavities 421 of the bottom 420 and that of the associated cavities 451 of the cover 430. FIG. 4B shows the channels 422 formed in the top 425 of the walls defining the cavities 421. These channels 422 are closed by the flat surface optionally provided with a complementary channel shape in the lid 430. The two tanks can be seen face to face before the closure, the seal 423 which has been drawn on the lower part, the filling orifice 461 and the channels 422 also. The sealing plug 463 is visible on the ramp of the upper tray 430. It is also possible to distinguish the cavities 410 of the lower and upper parts which face each other and which will be completed once assembled to obtain the final shape of the ice cube. FIGS. 4A, 4B show the sealing connection means 470 of the cover 430 and the bottom 420 constituted by breeches, that is to say folding flaps, connected by a hinge to the bottom material 420 or the cover 430. The front of the bottom 420 has the filling orifice 461 of the mold to which the channels 422 are connected. The lid 430 comprises a plug 462 for closing the mold 400 once filled.

The invention consists in making two rigid ice-cube trays interlocking and locking to form a sealed mold with a gasket 423 over the entire periphery. A lateral opening 461 allows the filling of the mold obtained and a network of channels 422 allows the distribution of the guidewire in all the cells 410.

A vacuum chamber 526 with flexible walls (FIG. 5) is provided to facilitate filling, in particular by expelling the air bubbles by a simple digital pressure. It will also be used to absorb the dilatation of the liquid during its freezing so that the mold does not deform. Once the mold is filled, the closure of the plug 462 will allow its complete sealing. It will then be possible to put the box in the freezer in any position without fear of overflow or pollution by contact. After freezing, it will be enough to unclip the straps 470 and dislodge the two tanks, to obtain the ice cubes. The shape of the cells that contain the ice cubes can be made in countless shapes and sizes, and this is one of the major interests of this product. Figure 5 is a plan view of another embodiment of the mold 500 showing the shape of the bottom 520, that of the lid being complementary for the arrangement and the shape of the cavities 521 making the cavities for the ice cubes. These cavities 521 are in the form of a half-sphere or a volume of rounded section communicating by different channels 522. The channel network 522 is provided with a compensation chamber 580 of the variation of volume of the water during the freezing . The bottom 520 has a filling orifice 561 connected to the inlet channels 322 acting as collectors, connected to the other channels 522 through the cavities 521. The bottom edge 520 is provided with a seal 523 and outside it assembly tabs 570 such as clamps for sealingly holding the not shown lid. In FIGS. 4A, 4B, there is an aerial view of the lower part 520 with here spherical cavities 521 which stand out from the cubic shapes of FIGS. 4A, 4B with still the set of channels 522 indispensable for filling. Several components not necessary for the manufacture of this box. It will be necessary for the bins a rigid material such as plastic or similar, for the seal 6, a plastic or a silicone and finally a flexible plastic or silicone for the vacuum chamber or expansion 526. The mold 100, 200, 300, 400 in these different embodiments is preferably made of rigid plastics for some parts and flexible and deformable for others. During the manufacture of the product it will be easier to use a bi-injection process because the natures of the components are different. This will also prevent any subsequent handling of seal assembly and the like. It would also be wise to use two distinct molds for nesting. The large will be used to inject the outer frame of the two bins with the fastening means or straps 570 and the seal, it will be invariable. The second interchangeable mold will fit in the first and define the shape of the cells, so desired ice cubes. This, in order to obtain a generous range of different products likely to appeal to and appeal to consumers and also serve as advertising or event support.

NOMENCLATURE 100, 200, 300, 400, 500 Ice cube mold 110, 210, 310 Cell 120, 220, 320, 420, 520 Bottom 121, 221, 321, 421, 521 Cavity 122, 222, 322, 422, 522 Channel 125 Rigid plane 130, 230, 330, 430 Cover 140, 240, 340 Rigid base 141, 241, 341 Opening 150, 250, 350 Ribbon 151, 251, 351, 451 Cavity 151A, 251A Shape of the cavity at the time of filling 151B, 251B Cavity shape after freezing 160, 360 Manifold 161, 461 Filling port 162, 462 Plug 170, 470, 570 Means of attachment, locking strap 423, 523 Seal 526 Expansion chamber25

Claims (8)

  1. CLAIMS1 °) Ice cube mold comprising a bottom with cavities for forming ice cubes and a lid placed on the bottom, ice cube mold characterized by - the bottom receiving a lid (130) having cavities (151) of complementary shape and position to those (121) of the bottom (120) for forming cavities (110) for molding the ice cubes; - a network of channels (122) connecting the cells (110) to a filling orifice (161); expansion (151A, 151B) to compensate for the change in volume of the water congealing in the cells (110) and - assembly means (170) sealing the cover (130) at the bottom (120).
  2. 2 °) ice cube mold according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom (120) is rigid and the expansion means is integrated in the cover (130).
  3. Ice cube mold according to claim 2, characterized in that the lid expansion means (130) is constituted by the expandable material of the cavities (151) of the lid between a rest form (151A) for filling and a form after freezing of the water (151B), the resting form (151A) corresponding to a filling volume and the freezing shape (151B), to the final shape of the cell (110) of the ice cube, the filling giving, after expansion by freezing, the final volume by elastic deformation of the cavity to the final shape of the cell for the ice cube to obtain.
  4. 4) Ice cube mold according to claim 3, characterized in that the cover (130) is composed of a rigid base (140) in a plane to cover the plane (125) of the bottom (120) and the base (140). ) is provided with elastically deformable cavities (151) between the filling shape (151A) and the final shape (151B) complementary to that of the associated cavity (121) of the bottom (120).
  5. 5 °) ice cube mold according to claim 4, characterized in that the cover (230) is made by bi-injection of a rigid material forming the base (240) and a flexible material forming the cavities (251).
  6. 6 °) ice cube mold according to claim 1, characterized in that the channels (122) are formed in the plane (125) of the bottom (120) and the top is closed by the plane (140, 240) of the cover (130). , 230).
  7. 7 °) ice cube mold according to claim 1, characterized in that the sealed closure means (170) of the mold are constituted by straps on the edges of the bottom / cover assembly and by seals 423, 523.
  8. 8 °) Ice cube mold according to claim 1, characterized in that the expansion means for compensating for the change in volume of the freezing water is constituted by an expansion chamber (526) or the collector (160). ).
FR1360156A 2013-04-24 2013-10-18 Glacons mold Pending FR3005152A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR1300987A FR3005151A1 (en) 2013-04-24 2013-04-24 The three-dimensional hermetic box
FR1360156A FR3005152A1 (en) 2013-04-24 2013-10-18 Glacons mold

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR1360156A FR3005152A1 (en) 2013-04-24 2013-10-18 Glacons mold

Publications (1)

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FR3005152A1 true FR3005152A1 (en) 2014-10-31

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FR1300987A Pending FR3005151A1 (en) 2013-04-24 2013-04-24 The three-dimensional hermetic box
FR1360156A Pending FR3005152A1 (en) 2013-04-24 2013-10-18 Glacons mold

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
FR1300987A Pending FR3005151A1 (en) 2013-04-24 2013-04-24 The three-dimensional hermetic box

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2083081A (en) * 1935-10-24 1937-06-08 Harry H Moll Freezing mold
FR1480137A (en) * 1965-10-27 1967-05-12 Device for forming and releasing ice
FR2752922A1 (en) * 1996-08-28 1998-03-06 Bouquet Brigitte Charton Ice cube tray

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2083081A (en) * 1935-10-24 1937-06-08 Harry H Moll Freezing mold
FR1480137A (en) * 1965-10-27 1967-05-12 Device for forming and releasing ice
FR2752922A1 (en) * 1996-08-28 1998-03-06 Bouquet Brigitte Charton Ice cube tray

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Publication number Publication date
FR3005151A1 (en) 2014-10-31

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