ES2391014B1 - Light structure for industrialized housing construction - Google Patents

Light structure for industrialized housing construction Download PDF

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Publication number
ES2391014B1
ES2391014B1 ES201031976A ES201031976A ES2391014B1 ES 2391014 B1 ES2391014 B1 ES 2391014B1 ES 201031976 A ES201031976 A ES 201031976A ES 201031976 A ES201031976 A ES 201031976A ES 2391014 B1 ES2391014 B1 ES 2391014B1
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ES
Spain
Prior art keywords
omega
profiles
hollow
construction
light
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
ES201031976A
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Spanish (es)
Other versions
ES2391014A1 (en
Inventor
Javier GARCIA-NIETO CONDE
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ELEA INNOVA SL
Original Assignee
ELEA INNOVA SL
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to ES201031976A priority Critical patent/ES2391014B1/en
Publication of ES2391014A1 publication Critical patent/ES2391014A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of ES2391014B1 publication Critical patent/ES2391014B1/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/343Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport
    • E04B1/34315Structures characterised by movable, separable, or collapsible parts, e.g. for transport characterised by separable parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/58Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of metal

Abstract

Light structure for industrialized housing construction comprising some? Omega? Profiles (1) Longitudinal, cross section in? U? with lateral wings (1a) in cantilever, and hollow lugs (2) protuberant fixed to the central upper part of the? U ?, distributed along its length, said profiles? omega? (1) in the form of? U? oriented downwards and said hollow lugs (2) upwards, in which hollow pillars (3) are inserted at one of its ends which at its other end are housed within the? U? from another profile? omega? 14 at the upper level. L-shaped, L-shaped, or cross-shaped knots are also used for connection (4) between the upper ends of some of the? Omega? Profiles. (1) acting as beams and the joints are obtained by means of self-tapping pins or screws (5), dry.

Description

LIGHT STRUCTURE FOR INDUSTRIALIZED CONSTRUCTION OF
HOUSEHOLDS
Field of the Invention
5
The present invention refers to a lightweight construction structure
industrialized housing, composed of a series of elements of supports and beams
joined together by simple elements, without welding to form a framework to the
which are fixed prefabricated panels for floor and ceiling formation as well as
cover elements with the particularity that for all elements
1O
employees do not need auxiliary or lifting means and are 1 00% dry.
Background of the invention
The GB647330 patent discloses a structure for a home comprising
a series of interlocking columns with longitudinal beams at the time of
fifteen
construction In general, precast reinforced concrete units are proposed
that impose transport and handling conditions that require the use of
Machinery and special handling units.
In the W091 / 19871 patent application, structures for the
housing formation where beam trusses are used that are coupled
twenty
each other to form at least one bearing structure. A similar solution appears.
described in German patent DE 3442761 (see Fig. 1 of his drawings).
Patent application W097 / 1392 describes a construction framework with
beams that intersect and have coupling configurations.
A similar solution is described in US 5285612.
25
US 4344262 describes a structural framework that integrates some
structural units comprising longitudinal members and beams
transversal that form some basic units to constitute a structure
complex.
WO 95/02097 describes a structure for a dwelling formed to
30
from frame sections with panels, prefabricated, including some
wall, floor and ceiling frames.
In none of these antecedents a structure of
lightweight condition designed to allow industrialized housing construction
(a minimum number of parts and standardized assembly procedures)
35
according to the characteristics of the present invention, which will be described below, in
Its main aspects.
Brief exposition of the invention
The present invention proposes as a basic unit or cell a light structure that makes possible an industrialized construction (considerably reducing the execution time and costs of obtaining) housing, composed of a series of support elements and beams joined together by means of pins or either self-tapping screws or stems to form a frame to which prefabricated steel and rock wool panels are fixed for floor and ceiling and wall formation as well as cover elements. In accordance with the proposal of this invention all the elements used can be easily manipulated without requiring auxiliary means or elevation and are 100% dry.
According to a preferred embodiment of the invention said support elements comprise:
-
"omega" profiles (named for the characteristic shape that they have, in cross-section) longitudinal, depending on beam, which have a "U" shaped cross section topped by cantilever side wings, and a series of studs protuberant gaps fixed to the central upper part of said "U" shape and distributed along its length, said "omega" profiles being arranged in an operative situation with the "U" shape facing down and said hollow studs facing up ;
-
a plurality of pillars, of cross-section adapted for plug-in coupling, by a first end portion, in said hollow lugs of the "omega" profiles and for tight insertion, of a second end portion within the recess of said shape of " U "of another" omega "profile resting on said pillars;
-
L, T, or cross-shaped knots for connection (4) between the upper ends of some of the "omega" profiles acting as beams; Y
-
self-tapping pins or members to establish an assembly between said connection nodes and the "omega" profiles through respective aligned holes.
In fact, the said pillars are anchored by means of pins or self-tapping members to the referred omega profiles, constituting the same rigid knots.

The pillars used are hollow (in general they will be made from tubular elements) and have a square and uniform cross-section, which allows any bolt to be inserted into its breast.
The referred "omega" profiles are made of elements standardized to
from bent sheet metal joined together by pin or member systems
self-tapping, no welding.
Some of the aforementioned "omega" profiles, which constitute a basis, are
5
they rest on sleepers supported in turn by piles driven into the
ground.
The mentioned hollow lugs distributed along the central branch of the
"omega" profiles are separated from each other by a minimum distance of at least 70
cm and maximum of 120 cm allowing to define a passage opening between pillars (3)
1O
coupled to them.
Meanwhile, the side wings of the "omega" profiles provide some
support seats for said prefabricated floor or ceiling panels of the
structure.
From the structure explained the housing will be completed by means of
fifteen
prefabricated wall panels that are fixed to hollow pillars by profiles
Omega seen or hidden, screwed or riveted.
In accordance with the principles of this invention the weight of any of said
"omega" profiles (1) and hollow pillars (3) is less than 60 Kg in order to facilitate its
transport and assembly by one or two people, thus enabling an implementation
twenty
general of the invention for the construction of houses with very simple means and
with a very economical cost, in any environment and with a minimum of infrastructure
of departure.
Thus, in an exemplary embodiment the weight of a hollow pillar (3) is less than 70
kilos
25
Brief explanation of the drawings
In order to facilitate the understanding of the description that follows, they are attached to
non-limiting example title, some sheets of drawings where:
Figure 1 is an exploded perspective view of the basic elements that
30
they make up the structure for light housing that is proposed, appreciating the
functional interrelation between them,
Figure 2 represents an expanded view, also in perspective, of a certain
type of housing built from the elements of the invention.
and Figure 3 is another perspective view illustrating an assembled floor and a
35
   distribution of walls for a house according to the invention, in which the distribution of
Walls have been raised from the floor for better viewing.
Detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention
According to the aforementioned figures, the light structure for housing construction is of the type that is composed of a series of support elements and beams joined together by means of pins or self-tapping screws to form a frame to which prefabricated panels of steel and rock wool for the formation of floors and ceilings 8,9 and walls 1 O, as well as cover elements 11, which support elements comprise:
a) Some longitudinal "omega" profiles, depending on the beam, which have an inverted "U" shaped cross section topped by lateral wings 1 a cantilevered, and a series of protruding hollow lugs 2, fixed to the part upper center of said "U" shape and distributed along its length, said "omega" profiles 1 being in an operative situation with the "U" shape facing down and said hollow lugs 2 facing up. Such "omega" 1 profiles are made of standard elements from bent sheet, joined together by means of self-tapping pin or screw systems, without welding.
b) A plurality of pillars 3, of cross-section adapted for plug-in coupling, by a first (lower) end portion, in said hollow lugs 2 of the "omega" 1 profiles and for tight insertion, of a second (upper) upper portion ) within the recess of said "U" shape of an "omega" profile resting on said pillars 3, said components being secured by means of suitable fixing elements to achieve a firm connection. Said pillars 3 will be hollow and have a square and uniform cross section, allowing the arrangement in any stud. Also said hollow pillars 3 will preferably be made from tubular elements. In order to facilitate its transport and assembly on site by one or two people, the weight of any of said "omega" profiles 1 and hollow pillars 3 will be less than 60 kg. Eventually, the weight of a hollow pillar 3 will be less than 70 kg.

e) Metal knots 4, preferably of steel, for connection between the upper ends of some of the "omega" profiles 1 acting as beams, which connection nodes 4 comprise a central body 4a configured to receive the upper end of the plug a hollow pillar 3, and some branches 4b that can be in number of two, three and even four configuring an L, a T and even a cross
specialized. It should be noted that in general all joints are made dry without using mortars or similar media.
A person skilled in the art could introduce changes and modifications in the
described embodiment, without departing from the scope of the invention, according to

is defined in the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1.-Light structure for industrialized housing construction, composed of a series of elements of supports and beams joined together by means of pins or self-tapping to form a frame to which prefabricated panels of steel and rock wool are fixed
5 for floor and ceiling formation (8), (9) and wall (10) as well as cover elements (11) where said support elements comprise:
-
longitudinal "omega" profiles (1), depending on the beam, which have a "U" shaped cross section topped by cantilever side wings (1 a), and a series of protruding hollow lugs (2) fixed to central upper part of said "U" shape and
10 distributed along its length, said "omega" profiles (1) in operative situation with the "U" shape facing down and said hollow lugs (2) facing up;
-
a plurality of pillars (3), of cross section adapted for plug-in coupling, by a first end portion, in said hollow lugs (2) of the profiles
15 "omega" (1) And for tight insertion, of a second end portion within the recess of said "U" shape of an "omega" profile resting on said pillars; said elements are anchored by pins or self-tapping, the same knots being rigid;
-
L, T, or cross-shaped knots for connection (4) between the upper ends of some of the "omega" profiles (1) acting as beams; Y
-
pins or self-tapping (5) to establish an assembly between said connection nodes (4) and the "omega" profiles (1) through respective aligned holes
so that each of the elements used does not require auxiliary means of handling or lifting and the structure is 100% dry.
25 said light structure for construction being characterized in that some of said "omega" profiles (1), which constitute a base, rest on sleepers (6) supported in turn by piles (7) driven into the ground.
2. Light construction structure, according to claim 1, characterized in that said hollow lugs (2) distributed along said central branch of the "omega" profiles (1) are separated from each other by a minimum distance of at minus 70 cm and
maximum of 120 cm allowing to define a passage opening between pillars (3) coupled to them.
3. - Light construction structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said side wings (1a) of the "omega" profiles (1) provide support seats 5 for said prefabricated floor or ceiling panels (8, 9) of the structure.
4. Light construction structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said prefabricated wall panels (10) are fixed to the hollow pillars (3) by means of exposed or hidden omegas, screwed or riveted.
5. Light structure for construction, according to claim 1, characterized in that the 10 "omega" profiles (1) are made of standard elements from bent sheet joined together by means of pin or self-tapping systems, without welding.
6. Light construction structure, according to claim 1, characterized in that said pillars (3) are hollow and have a square and uniform cross-section, which allow the arrangement in any stud.
7. Light construction structure according to claim 1 or 6, characterized in that said hollow pillars (3) are made of tubular elements.
8. Lightweight construction structure according to claim 6, characterized in that the weight of any of said "omega" profiles (1) and hollow pillars (3) is less than 60 Kg in order to facilitate its transport and assembly by a or two people
9. Light construction structure according to claim 8, characterized in that the weight of a hollow pillar (3) is less than 70 kilos.
10. Lightweight construction structure according to claim 1, characterized in that said connection nodes (4) comprise a central body (4a) configured to receive the upper end of a hollow pillar (3), and at least two branches (4b) that is
25 extend from said central body (4a), said branches (4b) being configured to be inserted tightly at one end of the "U" shape of corresponding "omega" profiles (1). The resulting knot with the appropriate pins will configure a rigid knot.
11. Light construction structure according to claim 10, characterized in that
said branches (4b) of the connection nodes (4) comprise transverse holes (12), which in operative situation are aligned with corresponding transverse holes (13) formed in the "omega" profiles (1) for installation of said pins (5).
12. 12. Light construction structure according to claim 10 or 11, characterized because at least one of the connection nodes (4) further comprises a hollow stud of knot (4c) extending upward from the central body (4a), said stud being knot hole (4c) configured for plug-in connection to the lower end of a pillar hollow (3).
13. Lightweight construction structure according to claim 10, 11 or 12, characterized in that the connection nodes (4) are made of steel.
ES201031976A 2010-12-28 2010-12-28 Light structure for industrialized housing construction Active ES2391014B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES201031976A ES2391014B1 (en) 2010-12-28 2010-12-28 Light structure for industrialized housing construction

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES201031976A ES2391014B1 (en) 2010-12-28 2010-12-28 Light structure for industrialized housing construction

Publications (2)

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ES2391014A1 ES2391014A1 (en) 2012-11-20
ES2391014B1 true ES2391014B1 (en) 2013-09-20

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102995790B (en) * 2012-12-07 2015-05-27 武汉理工大学 Capped steel keel and light concrete combined wall
CN103821235B (en) * 2014-03-24 2016-09-07 江苏中宝钢构有限公司 U-shaped steel-concrete composite beam and the node component of rectangular steel-tube concrete column
CN105507428B (en) * 2015-11-26 2018-05-08 山东双得利建设科技有限公司 The house and assemble method of pluggable assembling
CN105863081B (en) * 2016-05-20 2018-07-10 西安建筑科技大学 Multi-cavity steel tube concrete coupled column and girder steel bolt connection node and assembly method
CN106939646A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-07-11 国住人居工程顾问有限公司 The steel construction integrated house building system and assembly method of a kind of repeatable dismounting

Family Cites Families (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB662208A (en) * 1949-08-19 1951-12-05 Sandvikens Jernverks Ab Improvements in arrangements of walls, consisting of prefabricated blocks
GB821712A (en) * 1956-03-07 1959-10-14 Ferdinand Fillod Improvements in or relating to building structures
US2936530A (en) * 1958-10-17 1960-05-17 Hardy J Bowen Industrial building model
AU1560766A (en) * 1966-12-21 1969-06-26 Stanley Hodgens Howard Improved building construction
US3939618A (en) * 1971-07-06 1976-02-24 Vercon Products, Inc. Foundation assemblies for building structures
IT1256180B (en) * 1992-12-01 1995-11-29 Edoardo Zanoni Set of metal profiles suitable for the construction of movable walls and relative movable wall.
FR2834741B1 (en) * 2002-01-15 2005-01-07 Profil Futur SUPPORT STRUCTURE IN PROFILE ELEMENTS
CN101654930B (en) * 2008-08-19 2011-06-08 茂地(上海)建筑工程咨询有限公司 Beam frame structure of combined type house and assembly method thereof

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Publication number Publication date
ES2391014A1 (en) 2012-11-20

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