EP2057683A4 - Memory elements and cross point switches and arrays of same using nonvolatile nanotube blocks - Google Patents

Memory elements and cross point switches and arrays of same using nonvolatile nanotube blocks

Info

Publication number
EP2057683A4
EP2057683A4 EP07840799A EP07840799A EP2057683A4 EP 2057683 A4 EP2057683 A4 EP 2057683A4 EP 07840799 A EP07840799 A EP 07840799A EP 07840799 A EP07840799 A EP 07840799A EP 2057683 A4 EP2057683 A4 EP 2057683A4
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
arrays
same
memory elements
cross point
nonvolatile nanotube
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP07840799A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP2057683A2 (en
Inventor
Claude L Bertin
X M Henry Huang
Thomas Rueckes
Ramesh Sivarajan
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nantero Inc
Original Assignee
Nantero Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US83643706P priority Critical
Priority to US83634306P priority
Priority to US84058606P priority
Priority to US85510906P priority
Priority to US91838807P priority
Application filed by Nantero Inc filed Critical Nantero Inc
Priority to PCT/US2007/075520 priority patent/WO2008021911A2/en
Publication of EP2057683A2 publication Critical patent/EP2057683A2/en
Publication of EP2057683A4 publication Critical patent/EP2057683A4/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/05Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential- jump barrier or surface barrier multistep processes for their manufacture
    • H01L51/0575Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential- jump barrier or surface barrier multistep processes for their manufacture the devices being controllable only by variation of the electric current supplied or the electric potential applied, to one or more of the electrodes carrying the current to be rectified, amplified, oscillated or switched, e.g. two-terminal devices
    • H01L51/0587Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof specially adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential- jump barrier or surface barrier multistep processes for their manufacture the devices being controllable only by variation of the electric current supplied or the electric potential applied, to one or more of the electrodes carrying the current to be rectified, amplified, oscillated or switched, e.g. two-terminal devices comprising an organic/inorganic hetero-junction, e.g. hetero-junction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B82NANOTECHNOLOGY
    • B82YSPECIFIC USES OR APPLICATIONS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MEASUREMENT OR ANALYSIS OF NANOSTRUCTURES; MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT OF NANOSTRUCTURES
    • B82Y10/00Nanotechnology for information processing, storage or transmission, e.g. quantum computing or single electron logic
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C11/00Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor
    • G11C11/56Digital stores characterised by the use of particular electric or magnetic storage elements; Storage elements therefor using storage elements with more than two stable states represented by steps, e.g. of voltage, current, phase, frequency
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C13/00Digital stores characterised by the use of storage elements not covered by groups G11C11/00, G11C23/00 - G11C25/00
    • G11C13/0002Digital stores characterised by the use of storage elements not covered by groups G11C11/00, G11C23/00 - G11C25/00 using resistive RAM [RRAM] elements
    • G11C13/0021Auxiliary circuits
    • G11C13/0064Verifying circuits or methods
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C13/00Digital stores characterised by the use of storage elements not covered by groups G11C11/00, G11C23/00 - G11C25/00
    • G11C13/0002Digital stores characterised by the use of storage elements not covered by groups G11C11/00, G11C23/00 - G11C25/00 using resistive RAM [RRAM] elements
    • G11C13/0021Auxiliary circuits
    • G11C13/0069Writing or programming circuits or methods
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C13/00Digital stores characterised by the use of storage elements not covered by groups G11C11/00, G11C23/00 - G11C25/00
    • G11C13/02Digital stores characterised by the use of storage elements not covered by groups G11C11/00, G11C23/00 - G11C25/00 using elements whose operation depends upon chemical change
    • G11C13/025Digital stores characterised by the use of storage elements not covered by groups G11C11/00, G11C23/00 - G11C25/00 using elements whose operation depends upon chemical change using fullerenes, e.g. C60, or nanotubes, e.g. carbon or silicon nanotubes
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C14/00Digital stores characterised by arrangements of cells having volatile and non-volatile storage properties for back-up when the power is down
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C17/00Read-only memories programmable only once; Semi-permanent stores, e.g. manually-replaceable information cards
    • G11C17/14Read-only memories programmable only once; Semi-permanent stores, e.g. manually-replaceable information cards in which contents are determined by selectively establishing, breaking or modifying connecting links by permanently altering the state of coupling elements, e.g. PROM
    • G11C17/16Read-only memories programmable only once; Semi-permanent stores, e.g. manually-replaceable information cards in which contents are determined by selectively establishing, breaking or modifying connecting links by permanently altering the state of coupling elements, e.g. PROM using electrically-fusible links
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C29/00Checking stores for correct operation ; Subsequent repair; Testing stores during standby or offline operation
    • G11C29/70Masking faults in memories by using spares or by reconfiguring
    • G11C29/86Masking faults in memories by using spares or by reconfiguring in serial access memories, e.g. shift registers, CCDs, bubble memories
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L27/00Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
    • H01L27/02Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier
    • H01L27/04Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body
    • H01L27/10Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration
    • H01L27/101Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration including resistors or capacitors only
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L29/00Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L29/02Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L29/06Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions
    • H01L29/0657Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions characterised by the shape of the body
    • H01L29/0665Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions characterised by the shape of the body the shape of the body defining a nanostructure
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L29/00Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L29/02Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L29/06Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions
    • H01L29/0657Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions characterised by the shape of the body
    • H01L29/0665Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions characterised by the shape of the body the shape of the body defining a nanostructure
    • H01L29/0669Nanowires or nanotubes
    • H01L29/0673Nanowires or nanotubes oriented parallel to a substrate
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L29/00Semiconductor devices adapted for rectifying, amplifying, oscillating or switching, or capacitors or resistors with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier, e.g. PN junction depletion layer or carrier concentration layer; Details of semiconductor bodies or of electrodes thereof; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L29/02Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor
    • H01L29/06Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions
    • H01L29/0657Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions characterised by the shape of the body
    • H01L29/0665Semiconductor bodies ; Multistep manufacturing processes therefor characterised by their shape; characterised by the shapes, relative sizes, or dispositions of the semiconductor regions ; characterised by the concentration or distribution of impurities within semiconductor regions characterised by the shape of the body the shape of the body defining a nanostructure
    • H01L29/0669Nanowires or nanotubes
    • H01L29/0676Nanowires or nanotubes oriented perpendicular or at an angle to a substrate
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C13/00Digital stores characterised by the use of storage elements not covered by groups G11C11/00, G11C23/00 - G11C25/00
    • G11C13/0002Digital stores characterised by the use of storage elements not covered by groups G11C11/00, G11C23/00 - G11C25/00 using resistive RAM [RRAM] elements
    • G11C13/0021Auxiliary circuits
    • G11C13/0069Writing or programming circuits or methods
    • G11C2013/0076Write operation performed depending on read result
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C2213/00Indexing scheme relating to G11C13/00 for features not covered by this group
    • G11C2213/10Resistive cells; Technology aspects
    • G11C2213/19Memory cell comprising at least a nanowire and only two terminals
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C2213/00Indexing scheme relating to G11C13/00 for features not covered by this group
    • G11C2213/70Resistive array aspects
    • G11C2213/71Three dimensional array
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11CSTATIC STORES
    • G11C2213/00Indexing scheme relating to G11C13/00 for features not covered by this group
    • G11C2213/70Resistive array aspects
    • G11C2213/72Array wherein the access device being a diode
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L27/00Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate
    • H01L27/02Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier
    • H01L27/04Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body
    • H01L27/10Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration
    • H01L27/102Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration including bipolar components
    • H01L27/1021Devices consisting of a plurality of semiconductor or other solid-state components formed in or on a common substrate including semiconductor components specially adapted for rectifying, oscillating, amplifying or switching and having at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier; including integrated passive circuit elements with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier the substrate being a semiconductor body including a plurality of individual components in a repetitive configuration including bipolar components including diodes only
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L51/00Solid state devices using organic materials as the active part, or using a combination of organic materials with other materials as the active part; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of such devices, or of parts thereof
    • H01L51/0032Selection of organic semiconducting materials, e.g. organic light sensitive or organic light emitting materials
    • H01L51/0045Carbon containing materials, e.g. carbon nanotubes, fullerenes
    • H01L51/0048Carbon nanotubes
EP07840799A 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Memory elements and cross point switches and arrays of same using nonvolatile nanotube blocks Withdrawn EP2057683A4 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US83643706P true 2006-08-08 2006-08-08
US83634306P true 2006-08-08 2006-08-08
US84058606P true 2006-08-28 2006-08-28
US85510906P true 2006-10-27 2006-10-27
US91838807P true 2007-03-16 2007-03-16
PCT/US2007/075520 WO2008021911A2 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Memory elements and cross point switches and arrays of same using nonvolatile nanotube blocks

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP2057683A2 EP2057683A2 (en) 2009-05-13
EP2057683A4 true EP2057683A4 (en) 2010-03-10

Family

ID=39082936

Family Applications (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20070840788 Active EP2057633B1 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Nonvolatile nanotube diodes and nonvolatile nanotube blocks and systems using same and methods of making same
EP07840799A Withdrawn EP2057683A4 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Memory elements and cross point switches and arrays of same using nonvolatile nanotube blocks
EP09159271A Withdrawn EP2104108A1 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Nonvolatile resistive memories, latch circuits, and operation circuits having scalable two-terminal nanotube switches
EP07840800A Withdrawn EP2070088A4 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Nonvolatile resistive memories, latch circuits, and operation circuits having scalable two-terminal nanotube switches
EP09159276A Withdrawn EP2104109A1 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Nonvolatile resistive memories, latch circuits, and operation circuits having scalable two-terminal nanotube switches

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20070840788 Active EP2057633B1 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Nonvolatile nanotube diodes and nonvolatile nanotube blocks and systems using same and methods of making same

Family Applications After (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP09159271A Withdrawn EP2104108A1 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Nonvolatile resistive memories, latch circuits, and operation circuits having scalable two-terminal nanotube switches
EP07840800A Withdrawn EP2070088A4 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Nonvolatile resistive memories, latch circuits, and operation circuits having scalable two-terminal nanotube switches
EP09159276A Withdrawn EP2104109A1 (en) 2006-08-08 2007-08-08 Nonvolatile resistive memories, latch circuits, and operation circuits having scalable two-terminal nanotube switches

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (5) EP2057633B1 (en)
JP (4) JP5410974B2 (en)
KR (3) KR101169499B1 (en)
HK (2) HK1137163A1 (en)
TW (3) TWI463673B (en)
WO (3) WO2008021912A2 (en)

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US9911743B2 (en) 2005-05-09 2018-03-06 Nantero, Inc. Nonvolatile nanotube diodes and nonvolatile nanotube blocks and systems using same and methods of making same
US7667999B2 (en) 2007-03-27 2010-02-23 Sandisk 3D Llc Method to program a memory cell comprising a carbon nanotube fabric and a steering element
US7982209B2 (en) 2007-03-27 2011-07-19 Sandisk 3D Llc Memory cell comprising a carbon nanotube fabric element and a steering element
WO2008118486A1 (en) * 2007-03-27 2008-10-02 Sandisk 3D, Llc Memory cell comprising a carbon nanotube fabric element and a steering element and methods of forming the same
JP5274799B2 (en) * 2007-08-22 2013-08-28 ルネサスエレクトロニクス株式会社 Semiconductor memory device
US8236623B2 (en) 2007-12-31 2012-08-07 Sandisk 3D Llc Memory cell that employs a selectively fabricated carbon nano-tube reversible resistance-switching element and methods of forming the same
US8878235B2 (en) 2007-12-31 2014-11-04 Sandisk 3D Llc Memory cell that employs a selectively fabricated carbon nano-tube reversible resistance-switching element and methods of forming the same
US20090166610A1 (en) * 2007-12-31 2009-07-02 April Schricker Memory cell with planarized carbon nanotube layer and methods of forming the same
US8558220B2 (en) 2007-12-31 2013-10-15 Sandisk 3D Llc Memory cell that employs a selectively fabricated carbon nano-tube reversible resistance-switching element formed over a bottom conductor and methods of forming the same
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KR101537518B1 (en) * 2008-04-11 2015-07-17 쌘디스크 3디 엘엘씨 Memory cell that includes a carbon nano-tube reversible resistance-switching element and methods of forming the same
US8110476B2 (en) 2008-04-11 2012-02-07 Sandisk 3D Llc Memory cell that includes a carbon-based memory element and methods of forming the same
US8304284B2 (en) 2008-04-11 2012-11-06 Sandisk 3D Llc Memory cell that employs a selectively fabricated carbon nano-tube reversible resistance-switching element, and methods of forming the same
US8467224B2 (en) 2008-04-11 2013-06-18 Sandisk 3D Llc Damascene integration methods for graphitic films in three-dimensional memories and memories formed therefrom
US8530318B2 (en) 2008-04-11 2013-09-10 Sandisk 3D Llc Memory cell that employs a selectively fabricated carbon nano-tube reversible resistance-switching element formed over a bottom conductor and methods of forming the same
US8569730B2 (en) 2008-07-08 2013-10-29 Sandisk 3D Llc Carbon-based interface layer for a memory device and methods of forming the same
US8309407B2 (en) * 2008-07-15 2012-11-13 Sandisk 3D Llc Electronic devices including carbon-based films having sidewall liners, and methods of forming such devices
WO2010009364A1 (en) * 2008-07-18 2010-01-21 Sandisk 3D, Llc Carbon-based resistivity-switching materials and methods of forming the same
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US8421050B2 (en) 2008-10-30 2013-04-16 Sandisk 3D Llc Electronic devices including carbon nano-tube films having carbon-based liners, and methods of forming the same
US8835892B2 (en) 2008-10-30 2014-09-16 Sandisk 3D Llc Electronic devices including carbon nano-tube films having boron nitride-based liners, and methods of forming the same
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US8183121B2 (en) * 2009-03-31 2012-05-22 Sandisk 3D Llc Carbon-based films, and methods of forming the same, having dielectric filler material and exhibiting reduced thermal resistance
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