EP1967436B1 - Rail convoy for transporting passengers - Google Patents

Rail convoy for transporting passengers Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1967436B1
EP1967436B1 EP08102387.1A EP08102387A EP1967436B1 EP 1967436 B1 EP1967436 B1 EP 1967436B1 EP 08102387 A EP08102387 A EP 08102387A EP 1967436 B1 EP1967436 B1 EP 1967436B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
rake
modules
carrier
module
sub
Prior art date
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Application number
EP08102387.1A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP1967436A1 (en
Inventor
Patrick Hermant
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Alstom Transport Technologies SAS
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Alstom Transport Technologies SAS
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Publication date
Priority to FR0753731A priority Critical patent/FR2913391B1/en
Application filed by Alstom Transport Technologies SAS filed Critical Alstom Transport Technologies SAS
Publication of EP1967436A1 publication Critical patent/EP1967436A1/en
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Publication of EP1967436B1 publication Critical patent/EP1967436B1/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D13/00Tramway vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/10Articulated vehicles

Description

  • The present invention relates to a rail train for passenger transport, and in particular a tramway train or a peri-urban vehicle, of the type comprising:
    • train modules defining passenger compartments arranged in a line along a longitudinal line, the modules including carrier modules each provided with a support and guide assembly in a railway track, and
    • connecting devices each connecting two adjacent modules, comprising single-hinge connection devices each allowing a relative rotation of the modules which it connects around an axis substantially perpendicular to the running surface of the train, and at least one double-joint connection allowing relative rotation of the modules which it connects around two axes substantially perpendicular to the rolling plane of the train and spaced longitudinally,
    the train comprising at least two subsets of modules, the modules of the same subset being interconnected by single-articulation connecting devices, each subset being connected to the or each adjacent subset by a double joint connection device connecting adjacent carrier modules of these two subassemblies.
  • A tramway of this type, marketed by the company SIEMENS under the name "Combino Plus", is known, each subset of which consists of two load-bearing modules having a box and a bogie for support and guidance disposed longitudinally substantially in the center of the module. .
  • The presence of a double-joint connection device between two module subassemblies increases the number of degrees of freedom between the two subassemblies and makes it possible to limit the transverse forces supported by the railway in the curves, in particular in low radius curves, such as in cities or peri-urban areas. This limits the wear of the wheels and ensures a good stability of the train.
  • However, the long boxes increase the kinematic grip (ream-swept surface area) of the curving train, which hinders its insertion into urban traffic. For boxes of large width, of the order of 2.6 m, it is necessary to reduce the width of the box at the longitudinal ends thereof to comply with the template.
  • This architecture does not offer a satisfactory dynamic behavior in the curves, and it was necessary to provide in the "Combino Plus" hydraulic systems to assist the movements of the boxes of modules relative to the bogies.
  • In addition, the bogies are remote from the ends of the boxes of the modules, between which are arranged the connecting devices. This can lead to the risk of unloading bogie wheels and stability problems.
  • FR 686 770 and US 5,372,073 as well as DE 295 18 297 U1 disclose railway assemblies comprising a module carried suspended between two end-bearing modules.
  • An object of the invention is to provide a train passenger rail train having improved dynamic behavior curve and having a limited kinematic grip.
  • For this purpose, the invention proposes a rail train for passenger transport according to claim 1.
  • According to other embodiments, the train comprises one or more of the following characteristics, taken individually or in any technically possible combination:
    • the train consists of subassemblies formed of a module carried suspended between two carrier modules;
    • the or each double-jointed connecting device is formed by a drawbar connected to each module by an articulation axis of one of the axes of the double-joint connection device;
    • each articulation uses means forming a ball joint type;
    • each support and guide assembly has a single bogie;
    • the bogie of each carrier module is substantially fixed in rotation relative to a box of the carrier module about an axis substantially perpendicular to the running surface of the train;
    • the bogie of each carrier module is rotatable relative to a box of the carrier module about an axis substantially perpendicular to the running surface of the train by means of a pivot connection between the bogie and the body or the fact of a secondary suspension;
    • each module carried has at least one side access door;
    • the train comprises two carrier modules each disposed at one end of the train and provided on one or each of their side faces of an access side door;
    • the train comprises two carrier modules each arranged at one end of the train and without an access side door;
    • the train comprises at least three subassemblies;
    • the length of each carrier module is between 3 m and 7 m, preferably between 4 m and 6 m;
    • the length of each module carried is between 3 m and 9 m, preferably between 6 m and 8 m;
    • the longitudinal distance between a body end of each module carried and the body end of the adjacent carrier module is between 0.5 m and 1 m;
    • the distance between the body ends of two modules connected by a double-joint connection device is between 1 m and 3 m, preferably between 1 m and 2 m;
    • the center distance between the axes of each double-hinge connecting device is between 1 m and 2 m, and is preferably about 1.5 m; and
    • the train comprises an interconnection between the carrier modules and the connected modules connected by a single articulation link device.
  • The invention and its advantages will be better understood on reading the description which follows, given solely by way of example, and with reference to the appended drawings, in which:
    • the figure 1 is a side view of a tramway according to the invention;
    • the figure 2 is a top view of the tramway from the figure 1 showing an interior layout;
    • the Figures 3 and 4 are enlarged views of the sections delimited by zones III and IV on the figure 1 ; and
    • the Figures 5 and 6 are schematic top views of the sections of Figures 3 and 4 respectively, curved.
  • As shown on the Figures 1 and 2 , the tramway 2 is formed of modules 4, 6 arranged in line along a longitudinal line L of the tramway 2.
  • The modules 4, 6 are interconnected in an articulated manner so that the line L follows the path on which the streetcar 2 runs. In straight lines, the line L is straight, and in turns, the line L is curved.
  • Each module 4, 6 defines a traveler compartment.
  • The modules 4, 6 comprise carrier modules 4 and mounted modules 6.
  • Each carrier module 4 has a box 8 and a set 10 for supporting and guiding the box 8 of the carrier module 4 in a railway, for example a bogie with two axles.
  • Each mounted module 6 has a box 12 and does not have a support and guide assembly. Each mounted module 6 is intended to be suspended in a manner known per se between two carrier modules 4.
  • In known manner, each box 8, 12 has a frame, a roof, and two side faces.
  • The tramway 2 furthermore comprises two piloting cabins 14, each fixed to a carrier module 4 situated at one longitudinal end of the tramway 2. In a variant, the tramway has a single cabin 14.
  • The two end load bearing modules 4 are, for example, longer than the intermediate carrier modules 4, and each have, for example, on each of their two lateral faces, a lateral door arranged longitudinally between the bogie 10 and the cab. 14 As a variant, the end-bearing modules 4 have the same length as the intermediate carrier modules 4.
  • A side door allows passengers to embark or disembark from or in the tram.
  • The other carrier modules 4, located intermediate position in the tramway 2, have no side door. In another embodiment, the carrier modules 4 are provided with at least one access door on at least one of the lateral faces.
  • Each mounted module 6 has, on one or both of its two lateral faces, two doors spaced longitudinally from one another. In another embodiment, each mounted module 6 has, on one or both of its two lateral faces, an access door. The modules 4, 6 are divided into three subsets 20 of modules.
  • Each subassembly 20 comprises three modules, namely two carrier modules 4 and a mounted module 6 interposed between the carrier modules 4 and suspended therebetween.
  • The tramway 2 has connecting devices 22, 24 for connecting the modules 4, 6, each connecting device 22, 24 connecting two modules 4, 6 adjacent.
  • Each connecting device 22, 24 allows the relative rotation of the two modules 4, 6 which it connects around at least one main axis substantially perpendicular to the plane tramway 2 on a railway line, to allow the passage of curves of the railway.
  • Tramway 2's working plan is the support plan for bogie wheels 10 on the rails of a railway line. The work schedule coincides with the plan of the railway when tram 2 is based on it.
  • The main axes of rotation of the connecting devices 22, 24 are not necessarily strictly perpendicular to the running surface due to the small, possible rotations of the boxes 8, 12 with respect to the bogies 10, especially in the curves, because of the deflections suspensions interposed in known manner between the boxes 8 and their bogies 10.
  • As shown on the figure 3 , in each subassembly 20, the mounted module 6 is connected to each carrier module 4 by a connection device 22 with a single articulation having a single main axis A of rotation substantially perpendicular to the rolling plane.
  • Each connecting device 22 is for example made by two ball joints 25 aligned along the axis A, thus defining a pivot axis A. A ball 25 connects the box frames 8, 12 of the modules 4, 6, and a ball joint 25 connects the pavilions of the boxes 8, 12. In a variant, the ball joints are replaced by any means making it possible to produce between the boxes 8, 12 a pivot connection with a degree of freedom, in rotation about the axis A.
  • Each connecting device 22 preferably has, in a manner known per se, connecting members limiting and / or damping the relative angular movements of the modules 4, 6.
  • In each subassembly 20, a gangway 23, for example a bellows gangway, is interposed between the mounted module 6 and each carrier module 4 to allow the passengers to move between the modules 4, 6.
  • As shown on the figure 4 each subassembly 20 is connected to the or each adjacent subassembly 20 by a connecting device 24 with a double articulation, connecting the adjacent carrier modules 4 of the two subassemblies 20.
  • Each connecting device 24 has two main axes B1, B2 of rotation substantially perpendicular to the rolling plane and spaced longitudinally.
  • Each connecting device 24 comprises for example a drawbar 26 connected at each of its ends by a ball joint 28 to the frame of one of the two carrier modules 4 connected by this connecting device 24. The axes B1 and B2 each go through the center of a ball joint 28.
  • Each connecting device 24 also allows rotations between the carrier modules 4 about longitudinal axes and transverse axis passing through the centers of the ball joints 28, which facilitates the entry into curves and the passages of the hollows and bumps.
  • Alternatively the ball joints are replaced by any means for making between the boxes of the carrier modules 4 of the ball joint type with 3 degrees of freedom in rotation.
  • The connection by the drawbar at the bottom (between the chassis) is for example completed, in known manner, in the lower or upper part (between the flags) by connecting members limiting and / or damping the angular deflections of the carrier modules 4 between them.
  • A gangway 30, for example a bellows gangway, is interposed between the adjacent carrier modules 4 of each pair of adjacent subassemblies 20, to allow passengers to move between these carrier modules 4.
  • The interconnections 23 and 30 allow a movement of passengers inside the tramway 2 along its entire length.
  • The figure 5 represents a subset 20 in top view in a curve, and the figure 6 represents two adjacent carrier modules 4 of two different subsets 20 in top view in a curve.
  • In curve, two carrier modules 4 connected by a connection device 24 with a double articulation ( figure 6 ) can rotate in the running plan of the tramway (plan of the figure 6 ) by ensuring a good stability of tramway 2.
  • The double-joint connection devices 24 disposed between the subassemblies 20 comprising a greater number of degrees of freedom than the connecting devices 22 allow more free movements and reduce the dynamic problems of long-length trains.
  • In addition, the flexibility in the running surface of each subassembly 20 is improved by the fact that a mounted module 6 devoid of bogie is interposed between two carrier modules 4.
  • In addition, it is possible to provide in each sub-assembly 20 short carrier modules 4, especially shorter than the mounted module 6, which limits the cinematic footprint of the tramway 2, ensures a better inscription of the tram 2 curve , and avoids the use of hydraulic systems to control the relative movements between the body and the bogie of each carrier module 4.
  • In each subassembly 20, the bogies 10 are arranged at the ends of the subassembly 20, under the modules 4 of limited length, so that a greater weight is exerted on each bogie 10, which limits the risks of unloading. wheels and derailment, and improves the stability of the train.
  • As is visible on the figure 2 , the box 8 of each carrier module 4 is provided in a manner known per se of receiving boxes of the bogie wheels carrying the body, on which it is possible to fix seats.
  • In contrast, each module 6 is devoid of bogie. It is therefore not necessary to provide such boxes, and the box 12 of each module carried 6 can therefore be provided with a substantially flat floor, devoid of step and possibly having a ramp with a slope of less than 10%, and wide width. This facilitates access for passengers, provides areas for wheelchairs and provides significant passenger capacity for each subassembly.
  • It is possible to provide a sufficiently long tram, with a large passenger capacity, while limiting the length of each module, which reduces the cinematic footprint of the tramway 2.
  • Advantageously, the modules 4, 6 and the connecting devices 22, 24 respect one or more of the following dimensions:
    • the length l1 ( figure 4 ) of each carrier module 4 is between 3 m and 7 m, and preferably between 4 m and 6 m;
    • the length 12 ( figure 3 ) of each module carried 6 is between 3 m and 9 m, preferably between 6 m and 8 m;
    • the distance 13 ( figure 3 ) between a body end of each module carried 6 and the body end of the adjacent carrier module 4 is between 0.5 m and 1 m;
    • the distance l4 ( figure 4 ) between the body ends of two modules 4 connected by a connecting device 24 with double articulation is between 1 m and 3 m, preferably between 1 m and 2m; and
    • the center distance el ( figure 4 ) between the axes B1 and B2 of each connecting device 24 is between 1 m and 2 m, and is preferably about 1.5 m.
  • The respect of these dimensions ensures insertion in an easy curve, a dynamic behavior in a satisfactory curve, and avoids the unloading of the wheels of the axles.
  • Furthermore, it is possible to provide non-orientable bogies 10, that is to say substantially fixed in rotation relative to the body 8 of the carrier module 4 that it supports, around the direction perpendicular to the running surface of tram 2 on a railway line. The secondary suspension disposed in known manner between the bogie and the body will nevertheless allow a slight angular movement of the body relative to the bogie, about an axis perpendicular to the running surface, and also about a longitudinal axis and / or a transverse axis. However, these angular deflections are limited, and in particular the angular displacement around the axis perpendicular to the running surface is for example between 1 ° and 3 ° on each side of a rest position, and preferably between 1 ° and 2 ° on each side of the rest position.
  • The use of non-steerable bogies simplifies the design of the tramway, and reduces its cost of manufacture.
  • In another embodiment, steerable bogies 10 are provided, each bogie 10 being connected to the corresponding box 8 by a pivot connection of ave perpendicular to the rolling surface so as to be rotatable about the axis of the pivot connection and perpendicular to the plane. However, the angular deflections around the axis formed by the pivot are limited and included for example between 1 ° and 3 ° on each side of a rest position, and preferably between 1 ° and 2 ° on each side of the rest position.
  • The tramway length is chosen by selecting a number of corresponding subsets 20.
  • A long tramway, for example longer than 40 m, for example substantially equal to 50 m, can be obtained while limiting the transverse forces supported by the railroad curve, obtaining a dynamic behavior in a satisfactory curve, and limiting the risks of unloading the wheels.
  • The invention applies to streetcars intended to circulate in the city, and also to the rail train called "tram-train", intended to circulate in city and in peri-urban area by passing from an urban railway line to an interurban railway interconnected between they.

Claims (18)

  1. Rake of rail cars for passenger transport, of the type comprising:
    - rake modules (4, 6) which define passenger compartments and which are arranged in a row in a longitudinal line (L), the modules (4, 6) comprising carrier modules (4) which are each provided with an assembly (10) for support and guiding in a rail track, and
    - connection devices (22, 24) which each connect two adjacent modules (4, 6) and which comprise single-articulation connection devices (22) which each allow relative rotation of the modules (4, 6) which it connects about one axis (A) which is substantially perpendicular relative to the travel plane of the rake, and at least one dual-articulation connection device (24) which allows relative rotation of the modules which it connects about two axes (B1, B2) which are substantially perpendicular relative to the travel plane of the rake and which are spaced-apart in a longitudinal manner,
    the rake comprising at least two sub-assemblies (20) of modules (4, 6), the modules (4, 6) of the same sub-assembly (20) being mutually connected by means of single-articulation connection devices (22), each sub-assembly (20) being connected to the or each adjacent sub-assembly (20) by means of a dual-articulation connection device (24) which connects adjacent carrier modules (4) of these two sub-assemblies (20),
    characterised in that it comprises at least one sub-assembly (20) of modules comprising two carrier modules (4) and a carried module (6) which has no supporting and guiding assembly and which is suspended between the carrier modules (4) and in that it comprises a passage (30) between each pair of adjacent carrier modules (4) which are connected by means of a dual-articulation connection device (24).
  2. Rake according to claim 1, characterised in that it is constituted by sub-assemblies (20) which are formed by a carried module (6) which is suspended between two carrier modules (4).
  3. Rake according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the or each dual-articulation connection device (24) is formed by a coupling bar (28) which is connected to each module by means of an articulation (26) having an axis of one of the axes (B1, B2) of the dual-articulation connection device (24).
  4. Rake according to claim 3, characterised in that each articulation (26) uses means which form an articulation of the ball and socket type.
  5. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that each supporting and guiding assembly has a single bogie (10).
  6. Rake according to claim 5, characterised in that the bogie (10) of each carrier module (4) is substantially fixed in terms of rotation relative to a body (8) of the carrier module (4) about an axis which is substantially perpendicular relative to the travel plane of the rake.
  7. Rake according to claim 5, characterised in that the bogie (10) of each carrier module (4) can be moved in terms of rotation relative to a body (8) of the carrier module (4) about an axis which is substantially perpendicular relative to the travel plane of the rake by means of a pivot-type connection between the bogie (10) and the body (8) or by means of a secondary suspension.
  8. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that each carried module (6) has at least one lateral access door.
  9. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that it comprises two carrier modules (4) which are each arranged at one end of the rake and which are provided, at one or each of their lateral faces, with a lateral access door.
  10. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that it comprises two carrier modules (4) which are each arranged at one end of the rake and which have no lateral access door.
  11. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that it comprises at least three sub-assemblies (20).
  12. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the length (l1) of each carrier module (4) is between 3m and 7m, preferably between 4m and 6m.
  13. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the length (l2) of each carried module (6) is between 3m and 9m, preferably between 6m and 8m.
  14. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the longitudinal distance (l3) between a body end of each carried module (6) and the body end of the adjacent carrier module (4) is between 0.5m and 1m.
  15. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the distance (14) between the body ends of two modules (4) which are connected by means of a dual-articulation connection device (24) is between 1m and 3m, preferably between 1m and 2m.
  16. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the axial spacing (e1) between the two axes (B1, B2) substantially perpendicular relative to the travel plane of the rake of each dual-articulation connection device (24) is between 1m and 2m, and is preferably approximately 1.5 m.
  17. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that it comprises a passage (23) between the carrier modules (4) and the carried modules (6) which are connected by means of a single-articulation connection device (22).
  18. Rake according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that, in the or each sub-assembly (20) of modules comprising two carrier modules (4) and a carried module (6) suspended between the carrier modules (4), the carrier modules (4) are shorter than the carried module (6).
EP08102387.1A 2007-03-08 2008-03-07 Rail convoy for transporting passengers Active EP1967436B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR0753731A FR2913391B1 (en) 2007-03-08 2007-03-08 Rail transport rail of travelers

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PL08102387T PL1967436T3 (en) 2007-03-08 2008-03-07 Rail convoy for transporting passengers

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1967436A1 EP1967436A1 (en) 2008-09-10
EP1967436B1 true EP1967436B1 (en) 2018-11-21

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP08102387.1A Active EP1967436B1 (en) 2007-03-08 2008-03-07 Rail convoy for transporting passengers

Country Status (8)

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US (1) US7814841B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1967436B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2008222213A (en)
CN (1) CN101259848B (en)
AU (1) AU2008201109B2 (en)
ES (1) ES2711902T3 (en)
FR (1) FR2913391B1 (en)
PL (1) PL1967436T3 (en)

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EP2335993B1 (en) 2009-12-18 2017-03-01 Bombardier Transportation GmbH High capacity passenger train set
DE102013204483A1 (en) * 2013-03-14 2014-09-18 Bombardier Transportation Gmbh Modular rail vehicle with modules of different widths
DE102013208849A1 (en) * 2013-05-14 2014-11-20 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Chassis-free vehicle bridge box
CN104527667A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-04-22 常熟市常宝电动过跨平车厂 Turning saddle linkage type electric flat cars
CN104553645B (en) * 2014-12-29 2017-04-05 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Urban rail transit vehicles
CN104925074B (en) * 2015-06-25 2017-07-28 施曼特意大利有限责任公司 A kind of compartment connection system that can carry out soft or hard regulation
CN105416320B (en) * 2015-12-09 2018-08-03 南车株洲电力机车有限公司 A kind of lightweight tramcar body construction, vehicle group and manufacturing method
RU2635721C1 (en) * 2016-06-28 2017-11-15 Юрий Михайлович Ермаков Flexible train
AT518631B1 (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-12-15 Siemens Ag Österreich articulated vehicle
FR3077259A1 (en) * 2018-02-01 2019-08-02 Alstom Transport Technologies Modular railway rail and railway vehicle with variable length
FR3083196A1 (en) * 2018-06-29 2020-01-03 Alstom Transport Technologies Rail vehicle with stationary recharge system
JP6480070B1 (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-03-06 株式会社トミーテック Model energizing coupler, model train and model energizing unit

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DE4130609A1 (en) * 1991-09-14 1993-03-18 Abb Henschel Waggon Union Low-floor city car
GB9410479D0 (en) * 1994-05-25 1994-07-13 Abb Transportation Ltd Rail vehicle bogies
DE9409044U1 (en) * 1994-06-03 1995-09-28 Bergische Stahlindustrie Low-floor articulated railcars, especially for passenger traffic on inner-city rail networks
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2008222213A (en) 2008-09-25
ES2711902T3 (en) 2019-05-08
AU2008201109A1 (en) 2008-09-25
US20080216703A1 (en) 2008-09-11
CN101259848A (en) 2008-09-10
CN101259848B (en) 2012-02-22
FR2913391B1 (en) 2016-11-25
AU2008201109B2 (en) 2013-08-15
FR2913391A1 (en) 2008-09-12
EP1967436A1 (en) 2008-09-10
US7814841B2 (en) 2010-10-19
PL1967436T3 (en) 2019-05-31

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