EP1510643B1 - Profile and method of its manufacture - Google Patents

Profile and method of its manufacture Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1510643B1
EP1510643B1 EP04016906.2A EP04016906A EP1510643B1 EP 1510643 B1 EP1510643 B1 EP 1510643B1 EP 04016906 A EP04016906 A EP 04016906A EP 1510643 B1 EP1510643 B1 EP 1510643B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
profile
walls
insulation
webs
welded
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP04016906.2A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
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EP1510643A1 (en
Inventor
Jürg Egli
Michael Leitner
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FORSTER PROFILSYSTEME AG
Original Assignee
Forster Profilsysteme AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to EP03019838 priority Critical
Priority to EP03019838 priority
Application filed by Forster Profilsysteme AG filed Critical Forster Profilsysteme AG
Priority to EP04016906.2A priority patent/EP1510643B1/en
Publication of EP1510643A1 publication Critical patent/EP1510643A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1510643B1 publication Critical patent/EP1510643B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B3/2634Frames with special provision for insulation without separate insulating elements, e.g. the heat transmission being reduced by a smaller cross-section
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B3/26301Frames with special provision for insulation with prefabricated insulating strips between two metal section members
    • E06B3/26305Connection details
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B3/2632Frames with special provision for insulation with arrangements reducing the heat transmission, other than an interruption in a metal section
    • E06B2003/26321Frames with special provision for insulation with arrangements reducing the heat transmission, other than an interruption in a metal section with additional prefab insulating materials in the hollow space
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B2003/26349Details of insulating strips
    • E06B2003/26369Specific material characteristics
    • E06B2003/26376Non-plastic materials, e.g. wood, metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B2003/26349Details of insulating strips
    • E06B2003/26387Performing extra functions
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B2003/26394Strengthening arrangements in case of fire
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B2003/26396Frames with special provision for insulation specially adapted for sheet metal frames

Description

  • The invention relates to a profile for frames of wall elements, doors or windows and a method for producing the profile with the features of the preamble of the independent claims.
  • Such profiles should in particular also serve to ensure thermal insulation for the frame construction. Another application is in fire protection.
  • The EP 0 802 300 A2 shows, for example, a composite profile with two metal profiles and these connecting metal strips, whereby three inner chambers are formed. The metal strips have punched holes, which form webs, to reduce the heat flow of the composite profile. The EP 0 802 300 A2 further shows that the metal strips are positively connected with guide grooves having metal profiles. Such a composite profile is relatively difficult to manufacture and expensive by the relatively complicated construction and in particular by the nature of the connection of the central part with the two metal profiles.
  • The EP 1 024 243 A2 also shows a composite profile with two metal profiles and these connecting metal strips, which are provided with openings.
  • The DE 295 17 375 U1 also shows a composite profile with two metal profiles and these connecting insulating bars. To avoid a longitudinal displacement of the insulating webs relative to the metal profiles deformable portions are formed on the metal profiles, which are pressed for fixing in the material of the insulating strips.
  • The DE 195 26 795 describes a composite profile of two spaced metal profiles and an insulating material located between them, wherein the two profiles are each connected to the outside, approximately U-shaped profiles are connected to each other by welding metal webs on the respective side surfaces of the profiles. A metal web can also be formed as a plurality of openings having side wall. However, the metal webs or side walls must have an excess length, that is, the height of the metal webs must be greater than the distance between the two profiles. This side wall can only be attached laterally to the profiles, so that at least a part of the side wall protrudes. The handling and use of such a profile can be difficult. The outside of the side walls also has a disadvantageous effect for a cladding of the side walls. Such a composite profile is also of little optical nature for use in frames of wall elements, doors or windows.
  • It is therefore an object of the present invention to avoid the disadvantages of the known, in particular to provide a device and a method of the type mentioned, which in particular can be created in a simple manner and the production requires as few steps. The profile should on the one hand ensure the lowest possible heat conduction or good thermal insulation and on the other hand should have a high static and dynamic stability. The profile is intended to be used as a base profile for profiles and composite profiles for frames of wall elements, windows or doors of various fields of application.
  • According to the invention this object is achieved with a profile of the features of the characterizing part of the independent claim.
  • The profile essentially consists of three components: upper part, lower part and these connecting side walls. Top and bottom each contain an end wall. These components consist of metallic materials, preferably of steel, which have relatively high heat conduction.
  • The side walls have openings. On the side walls deformable cams for fixing insulating material are provided in the region of the openings inwardly. Depending on the intended use, one or a plurality of cams may be provided per opening. The shape of the cams is arbitrary, but they should be relatively easy to deform inwardly. With the help of the cam, a profile, in the chamber insulation material is arranged, characterized by an advantageous fixation of the insulation material. In particular, with respect to the longitudinal direction of the profile, the insulating material sits firmly in the chamber and slipping is impossible. By the cams and insulation material, which only partially fills the chamber of the profile and in particular is arranged centrally in the region of the side walls, are fixed in a simple manner.
  • Advantageously, the insulation material by the cam force and / or positively held in the chamber of the profile. For example, the insulating material can ring by plastic deformation of the insulating material in this. But it is also conceivable that the insulation material has preformed corresponding Ausspaarungen for receiving the inwardly deformable cams. imaginable is also that the cams additionally have inwardly directed claw-like elevations.
  • Preferably, a cam is arranged approximately centrally in the region of the base of an opening. Base forms the part of the opening, which runs in the longitudinal direction of the profile. An advantage of this arrangement of cams is that the cams are located in a statically favorable location and the cams can be pressed rationally and easily.
  • In order to reduce the heat conduction through the profile, from the upper part to the lower part, the side walls are preferably provided with obliquely extending webs. Due to the oblique arrangement of the webs, the webs are formed based on the distance from the upper part and lower part long. As a result, the heat transfer is reduced by the side walls due to heat conduction through the webs, or improves the thermal insulation of the frame. The greater the inclination or the longer the webs are formed, the higher will be the thermal insulation in principle. The side walls are welded to the upper part and / or to the lower part. The height of the side walls is less than or equal to the distance between the end walls of the upper part and lower part. Thus, a profile with good thermal insulation and good static properties is easy and inexpensive to produce. Such a profile is also characterized by the fact that it can be used for fire protection or burglary protection.
  • Particularly advantageously, the upper part and / or the lower part at least one angled parallel to a side wall extending to form a contact surface with a side wall. In the area of the contact surface, the upper part or the lower part is then welded to the side walls. Such an arrangement substantially simplifies welding. Because the bend is parallel to a side wall and rests flat on a side wall, the side walls can be easily connected by laser welding method with the upper part or lower part. The manufacturing cost of a profile can be significantly reduced. This embodiment is particularly well suited for a rational, automatic series production of a profile.
  • Preferably, the side walls are arranged inside. The upper part, the lower part and the connecting side walls form a chamber. On the inside, in this context, means that the side walls are arranged on the side facing the chamber. This has the particular advantage that the profile with respect to the side wall has no protruding parts. Since at least part of the side wall is "hidden", such a profile meets higher aesthetic requirements. In addition, a side member, such as a plastic strip or a fire protection strip, is easier to attach to the side wall, because the side wall is disposed inside the profile, e.g. Side elements are fastened flush with the bends on the side walls.
  • It is advantageous if the side walls have parallel guide grooves. A guide groove can serve as a stop for a second or adjacent profile. However, two mutually parallel guide grooves can also be used for receiving side elements, such as a plastic strip or fire bars.
  • The invention can be implemented particularly easily if at least one side wall has in each case laterally arranged, preferably U-shaped holders for receiving a side element. Such a holder can be approximately in a simple manner by bending the side wall on both sides be made such that in each case in the upper part and the lower part of the profile side facing a U-shaped bracket is formed. A recording of a page element is thus easy and cheap to produce. A web can have a running in the longitudinal direction of the web bead. In general, the bead is designed in the form of an inwardly directed indentation. It is advantageous that the profile withstands higher static requirements.
  • The webs may advantageously be formed as one or more rows of approximately V-shaped arrangements. A series of approximately V-shaped arrays of ridges are achieved, for example, by providing openings in the side walls in the form of mutually offset triangles or trapezoids. Several rows of approximately V-shaped arrays of ridges form a cross-shaped or X-shaped arrangement. However, the webs do not necessarily have to be created only by attaching openings in the side walls. So it is quite possible to weld the bars individually with the upper part and with the lower part. The basically about V-shaped arrangement of the webs has the advantage that the profile has good thermal insulation and good static properties. An additional advantage is that a significant weight saving is possible.
  • On the side walls panels may be appropriate. Such a cladding has the advantage that the side wall can be covered easily and inexpensively. Coverings can also have different colors.
  • If the upper part and the lower part have bends, it is advantageous if inwardly directed end faces are arranged on the bends at their end region. There are welded the side walls of the profile in the region of the front sides with the upper part and the lower part. The end faces are preferably provided with a stop for a side wall, which defines the end of an upper or lower part. The advantageous right-angled or approximately right-angled bends are usually mounted on both sides and run parallel to the side walls. It is important that a depression is created by the inwardly directed end faces on the profile, in which elements such as fire protection or cover strips can be attached in an advantageous manner. The profile thus generally has no laterally projecting parts. The respective opposing, preferably parallel to the bends extending stops of the end faces of an upper part and a lower part form bearing surfaces for each side wall. Further, in a simple manner in the chamber of the profile each upper part and / or in the lower part in the region defined by the end faces of thermal insulation panels, or in particular also fire protection plates are added.
  • The angle between an end face and a bend of an upper part or lower part is between 5 ° and 170 °, preferably between 5 ° and 135 °, particularly preferably between 20 ° and 90 °. Due to the preferred embodiment and in particular by the particularly preferred embodiment of 90 ° or about 90 °, an advantageous recess for receiving side panels such as cover strips or fire protection strips is created.
  • Particularly advantageous form an inwardly directed end face and a stopper a groove for receiving side elements. With upper and lower parts made of sheet metal, for example, the groove can be produced particularly easily by Abkantprozesse. The groove forms an approximately U-shaped holder for the side elements, wherein the width and depth of the groove of the respective intended use depend on the profile. If sheets of metal are used for the upper and lower part, they can be produced in a simple manner by a bending or roll forming process.
  • Particularly advantageously, the side walls are welded to the end faces of the bends. A weld can be done relatively easily from the outside.
  • Alternatively, the side walls can be welded to the preferably short parallel stops of the end faces. The stops form bearing surfaces for placing the side walls. By welding in the area of the flat bearing surface, the weld remains relatively distortion-free. Particularly advantageously, the welds are designed as stitching.
  • It is advantageous if the upper part and lower part made of steel and the side walls made of stainless steel. Due to the different types of steel, the profile has particularly good thermal insulation properties, as stainless steel conducts heat less well than ordinary steel. The profile can still be produced relatively inexpensively.
  • A web of a side wall may have a running in the longitudinal direction of the web bead. The bead is designed as a preferably inwardly directed, in cross-section approximately semicircular indentation. A profile with a bead arrangement has improved static properties.
  • Insulation material can be arranged in the region of the side walls, whereby an upper and lower chamber is formed. The insulating element is preferably approximately rectangular in cross section. These two chambers may also vary depending on the application filled with insulation material, fire protection elements or the like. The approximately central arrangement of the insulation material leads to particularly good thermal insulation properties of the profile.
  • A further aspect of the invention relates to a method for producing a profile for frames of wall elements, doors or windows with an upper part, a lower part and connecting side walls, wherein the side walls have webs for improving the thermal insulation properties of the profile and cams for fixing insulating material. For fixing the insulating material, which is arranged in the chamber of the profile, the cams are pressed inwards. This can be done by rolling, rolling and / or pressing. The inwardly deformable cams are provided in the region of the openings formed by the webs of the side walls. The described method for fixing insulation material can also be applied to profiles which have no webs or openings.
  • Preferably, the cams are pressed into the insulating material or pressed inwards in such a way that they engage in a form-fitting manner into the insulating material by plastic deformation of the insulating material. Of course, it is conceivable that - instead of insulating material - other materials or elements, such as fire protection elements are fixed in a profile by this method.
  • A further aspect of the invention relates to a method for producing a profile for frames of wall elements, doors or windows, comprising an upper part, a lower part and connecting side walls, the side walls having webs. With the help of a punching or cutting process, in particular one Laser cutting process, openings are made in the sidewalls. In the same step, the cams are punched or cut out of the side walls. Thereafter, the side walls are welded to the upper part and the lower part. Advantageously, the upper and lower parts are made of a metal sheet. By a Abkant- and / or Rollformverfahren the sheets can be easily deformed in such a way that preferably on both sides about right-angled bends and arranged thereon, inwardly directed end faces with a stop.
  • Further individual features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description of the embodiments and from the drawings. Show it:
  • FIG. 1:
    Perspective view of a profile,
    FIG. 2a:
    Cross section through a profile,
    FIG. 2b:
    Top view of a side wall, which is integrally connected to a lower part before forming to an L-profile for use for the profile according to FIG. 2a .
    FIG. 3:
    Cross section through a further embodiment of a profile,
    FIG. 4:
    Cross section through a further embodiment of a profile,
    FIG. 5:
    Cross section through a fifth embodiment of a profile,
    FIG. 6:
    Cross section through a sixth embodiment of a profile,
    FIG. 7:
    Cross section through a profile according to a seventh embodiment,
    FIG. 8a:
    View of a sidewall for a profile,
    FIG. 8b:
    View of a side wall for another profile and
    FIG. 9:
    Cross section through a profile according to another embodiment
    FIG. 10:
    Partial section from a cross section through an alternative profile,
    FIG. 11:
    Part of a cross-section through another profile,
    FIG. 12:
    Cross section through a profile according to a further embodiment,
    FIG. 13:
    Part of a cross-section through another profile,
    FIG. 14:
    Part of a cross-section through another profile,
    FIG. 15:
    Cross section through a profile according to the embodiment of FIG. 13 .
    FIG. 16:
    Top view of a side wall with cams,
    FIG. 17:
    Detail view of a cross section through a profile with inwardly depressed cam.
  • As in FIG. 1 shown, there is a generally designated 1 profile of three main components: An upper part 16, a lower part 2 and the side members 5. The components consist of metallic materials, such as steel, stainless steel or aluminum. FIG. 1 shows a cross-sectionally rectangular profile. The respective components are designed as flat profiles. Of course, the shape and geometry in the cross section of a profile 1 can be made more complicated. The individual components, that is, the upper part 16, the lower part 2 and the side walls 5 need not necessarily be formed flat, but may for example be configured even U- or T-shaped. How out Fig. 1 shows that the profile is elongated. The side walls 5 and the upper part 16 and the lower part 2 are each arranged parallel to each other. In the FIG. 1 shown side walls 5 serve as spacers for spacing the parallel upper part 16 and lower part 2. The upper part 16, the lower part 2 and the side walls formed chamber 13 may serve to accommodate insulating or fire protection material.
  • The side walls 5 are each connected by welding to the upper part 16 and to the lower part 2. The weld seam 15 extends in the longitudinal direction. Instead of a continuous seam interrupted seams (stitching) are conceivable.
  • FIG. 2 shows a profile in which the upper part 16 with the side wall 3 and the lower part 2 with the side wall 4 in one piece are connected and each having an L-shape in cross section. These two L-profiles are joined together and welded together, creating a rectangular profile. The FIG. 2b shows a plan view of a planar profile consisting of the lower part 2 and the side wall 4, which for use in the profile 1 according to FIG. 2a is provided. In this case, this profile with respect to the edge line 14 to an L-profile according FIG. 2a formed, rolled or folded.
  • The weld seam 15 is arranged in the region of the corners of the profile 1. For profiles 1, which are exposed to higher static loads, for example, a V or I seam would be provided. For this purpose, for example, the upper part 16 or the lower part 2 would have an additional bend, whereby the upper part 16 and the lower part 2 would be flush in the region of the intended seam.
  • FIG. 2b further shows the inclined webs 5, which are applied by the application of openings 11 in the side wall 4. The webs 5 are inclined relative to the longitudinal axis of the profile at an angle of 45 °. Of course, other inclination angles are conceivable, for example, inclination angle between preferably 30 ° to 90 °. Of course, the webs 5 could also be arranged perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. The webs 5 and the openings 11 are usually arranged centrally in a side wall 4. The web distance a can vary depending on the required thermal insulation or static requirement for a profile of frames for doors, windows or wall panels. The length of the webs 5 depends on the web distance a and on the inclination angle of the webs. Such an obliquely formed web 5 reduced by its length in relation to the web distance a the heat transfer due to heat conduction. If the heat conduction, for example, be small, then in particular the Stay distance a (in relation to the distance between upper part 16 and lower part 2) is selected, however, if the profile 1 is to withstand high static and possibly dynamic loads, then a smaller web distance is selected. The openings 11 are as Figure 2b shows, in the form of a trapezoid. The openings 11 are cut out, for example, by a laser cutting method.
  • FIG. 3 shows an approximately U-shaped profile consisting of the two side walls 3 and 4 and from the lower part 2. The upper part 16 is welded to the U-profile with the side walls 3 and 4. The weld 15 is formed as a fillet weld.
  • FIG. 4 indicates one FIG. 3 alternative profile. It is different from FIG. 3 the upper part 16 angled, whereby the upper part is also 16 U-shaped. Thereby, the upper part 16 can be connected to the side walls 3 and 4 via a roll seam or a row weld.
  • FIG. 5 shows another profile 1. The upper part 16 and the lower part 2 are in front of each case in relation to the side walls 3 and 4, whereby the weld seam 15 are each fillet welds. The side walls 3 and 4 serve as spacers (evidently, the height h is equal to the distance A between the upper part 16 and lower part 2) for the upper part 16 and the lower part 2. They each have two parallel guide grooves 10, between which a side member 9 is arranged is. The guide grooves 10 serve in particular also for clamping the side elements 9 to the side walls 3 and / or 4. Such a side member 9 may, for example, a fire protection element, such as a fire protection strip, a plastic cover strip for covering the webs 5 and the openings 11 or a center seal exists. Depending on the individual purpose, for example, different thickness tops 16 or bottoms 2 can be used, which, among other things, opens up a variety of applications for the profile 1.
  • Further embodiments of the profiles are in FIGS. 6 and 7 shown. These figures show side walls 3 and 4, the height h is smaller than the distance A between the upper part 16 and lower part 2.
  • The upper part 16 and the lower part 2 each have parallel to the side wall 3 and 4 extending bends 6, on which the side wall 3 and 4 abut surface. Preferably, the side walls 3 and 4 inside, like the FIGS. 6 and 7 show, attached. By the concern, a contact surface 7, whereby the side walls 3, 4 can be welded to the upper part 16 and lower part 2 in a simple manner. The welding can be done for example by a laser welding process. Of course, an external attachment of the side walls 3 and 4 is also conceivable. By attaching the side walls 3 and 4 on the inside, however, it is possible, for example, to attach side elements 9 to the side walls 3 or 5 between upper part 16 and lower part 2 in such a way that they are approximately flush with respect to the upper parts or lower parts 16 and 2 , Of course, the thickness may vary depending on the intended use of a side member 9. Possible side elements are, for example, fire protection strips, seals or fittings for windows or doors. On a side wall can continue, as in FIG. 6 shown, another panel 12 are attached. The attachment takes place for example by gluing. The lower part 2 also has a lateral part 17, for example in the form of a flap, in particular a crimp, which arises, for example, by bending and / or folding a sheet. This lateral part 17 can be used for the assembly of a frame for doors or windows as a stop element with respect to adjacent profiles, eg a sash, (not shown in the drawing).
  • How out FIG. 7 These are U-shaped and are used in particular for receiving the side member 9. For example, starting from a sheet, this formed by means of a bending process that on both sides of the sheet a U-shaped bracket 8 is formed. Preferably, the side member 9 is arranged on the sheet before bending, whereby after bending the sheet is positively secured in the U-shaped brackets 8. The resulting side wall 3 and 4 is then welded in the region of the bend 6 of the upper part 16 and the lower part 2. The side member 9 according to FIG. 7 is centrally has a T-shaped cam 18. The cam 18 is used in particular for the positive reception of fittings or center seals.
  • The FIGS. 8a and 8b show variants of arrangements of webs 5, 5 '. So shows, for example FIG. 8a in that the webs 5 and 5 'are arranged in several rows in a V-shape. As a result, the webs 5 and 5 'intersect, thereby creating an X-like course of the webs. Evidently, the openings 11 'and 11 "are designed as triangles and rhombuses FIG. 8b a hexagonal opening 11 '"is further shown.
  • FIG. 9 shows a profile 1, in which the side walls 3 and 4 are arranged offset inwards. The recess thus formed is particularly well suited for receiving side parts such as cover strips, fire protection strips or center seals. For this purpose go from the bends 6 of the upper and lower parts 16 and 2 in each case inwardly directed end faces, for example in the form of offsets. An end face 22 has as a conclusion to a stop 23, which runs parallel to the bend 6 and thus parallel to the side walls 3 or 4. The stops 23 of the end faces 22 form bearing surfaces for the side walls 3 and 4. As out FIG. 9 can be seen, the oblique end faces 22 are angled such that the angle α between the end face 22 and bend 6 is about 60 °. Preferred for angle α is a range of 20-80 °. Depending on the application, other embodiments of the end face 22 are conceivable. However, the angle α is greater than 5 ° and less than about 170 °. In FIG. 10 stand the end faces 22 at right angles (α = 90 °) from the bends. The stopper 23 is designed to be relatively short. The side walls 3 and 4 are welded in the region of the end face 22 with the upper part 16 and lower part 2. In the present embodiment, the side walls 3 and 4 by means of a fillet 15 directly welded to the oblique front side portions 22. Instead of as in FIG. 9 , in which on both sides inwardly directed end faces 22 are arranged, the profile 1 can also have end faces 22 or depressions on only one side. The other opposite side could, for example, as in the FIGS. 6 and 7 be shown shown.
  • FIG. 11 shows a variant of a profile 1 with end faces 22. The side wall 3 is bent or deep-drawn, thereby forming a further depression. How out FIG. 11 (as well as from the FIGS. 9 or 10 ), the side walls are arranged on the outside. It is also conceivable, of course, an internal arrangement of the side walls. The side walls could, for example, be connected to the sections 23 by welding by means of roll seams or row welding seams 15. At best, it would also be conceivable (not shown in a figure) that the side walls 3 and 4 would be designed in such a way that that the side walls are welded by butt joint respectively with the ends of the parallel portions 23 of the bend 21.
  • A profile 1 in fire protection execution is in FIG. 12 shown. By the end faces 22 areas are defined, in which in a simple manner fire protection elements 24 can be inserted. Of course, the chamber 13 of the profile 1 could be completely filled with fire protection materials. The fire protection elements 24 or fire protection materials consist for example of energy-consuming materials such as alum, glass wool or gypsum. The above-mentioned fire protection elements could be replaced by corresponding heat-insulating materials for profiles 1, which are provided exclusively for thermal insulation. In the recesses formed by the end faces 22 side elements 9 are arranged. The side elements 9 could be designed as a fire protection strip of heat-inflating material. A side member 9 is flat on the side walls 3 or 4 and is preferably secured by gluing. Other types of fastening, for example by means of screws, are conceivable. Due to the particular embodiment of the Abköpfungen 21 is also conceivable (in particular at a preferred angle α between 20 ° and 90 °) that side elements 9 are connected by clamping or latching with the profile 1.
  • FIGS. 13 and 14 show a profile 1, in which the inwardly directed end faces 22 and the stop 23 form a groove 25 which receives the side wall. Through the groove 25, a space can be created in which in a simple way side elements, such as cover elements for the side walls or fire protection strips can be arranged. If sheets of metal are used for the upper and lower part, the approximately U-shaped grooves 25 of the side walls 3 and 4 in a simple manner by a Abkant- or Rollformverfahren getting produced. To produce the profile 1, the preformed upper and lower parts 16 and 2 are spaced from each other in a predefined position. The side walls 3 and 4 are laterally inserted through the upper and lower grooves 25 and then welded. Next is in the FIGS. 13 and 14 recognizable that a web 5 of the side wall 3 has an inwardly directed bead 26.
  • In FIG. 13 the bends 6 of the top and bottom 16 and 2 are about the same height, the side wall 3 is arranged approximately centrally with respect to the profile 1. In FIG. 14 the side wall 3 is arranged on one side. Compared to the profile according to FIG. 13 is according to profile 1 FIG. 14 extends the side wall 3 and the bend 6 'of the lower profile shortened accordingly. This lengthens the bars and the profile 1 has a higher thermal insulation performance. Of course, the upper part 16 or both parts could be shortened accordingly.
  • FIG. 15 shows a profile 1, in which centrally in the region of the side walls 3 and 4, a rectangular cross-section insulation element 28 is fitted. The insulating material 28 is preferably fixed by cams (see below the FIGS. 16 and 17 ). Due to the central arrangement of the insulating material 28, an upper and a lower chamber 30 and 31 is formed. It is quite conceivable that in the cavities of the chambers 30 and / or 31 insulation or fire protection material may be arranged. Cables could also be routed through these chambers.
  • FIG. 16 shows a side view of a side wall (3 or 4), the inclined webs 5 are arranged in a V-shape, whereby approximately triangular openings 11 are formed. The Webs 5 also have a bead that runs in the longitudinal direction of the web. The beads 26 are preferably made by a stamping, rolling or other method. Approximately centrally with respect to an opening 11, a cam 27 is arranged on the base 29. The cam 27 is integrally connected to the side wall and is preferably made by a punching or laser cutting process. This also relatively complicated cam shapes can be produced. Evidently, the cam 27 towards the base 29 towards a taper 34, whereby the cam 27 is deformed easier and with less effort inwardly. Of course, other shapes are conceivable, for example, the cam 27 may be rectangular, triangular or trapezoidal. FIG. 17 shows a cam 27 in a pressed or deformed state. As can be seen, here the cam 27 engages in the insulating material 28 (the direction of insertion is indicated by an arrow). This ensures that the insulation material, in particular in the axial or in the longitudinal direction of the profile 1 has a tight fit.

Claims (23)

  1. Profile (1) for frames of wall elements, doors or windows, having a top part (16) and a bottom part (2) and side walls (3, 4) which connect the same and having openings (11), characterized in that on the side walls (3, 4), in the region of the openings (11), there are provided inwardly deformable cams (27) for the fixing of insulation material (28).
  2. Profile (1) according to Claim 1, characterized in that the insulation material (28) is held by the cams (27) in a non-positive and/or positive manner.
  3. Profile (1) according to Claim 1 or 2, characterized in that a cam (27) is disposed approximately centrally in the region of the base (29) of an opening (11).
  4. Profile (1) according to one of Claims 1 to 3, wherein the top part (16) and the bottom part (2) each contain an end wall (32, 33) and the side walls (3, 4) have obliquely running webs (5), characterized in that the side walls (3, 4) are welded to the top part (16) and to the bottom part, the height (h) of the side walls being less than or equal to the distance (A) between the end walls (32, 33) of the top part (16) and bottom part (2).
  5. Profile (1) according to Claim 4, characterized in that the top part (16) and/or the bottom part (2) have at least one angular deviation (6), running parallel to a side wall (3, 4), for the formation of a contact surface (7), and in that the side walls (3, 4) are welded to the top part (16) and/or the bottom part (2) in the region of the contact surface (7).
  6. Profile (1) according to Claim 4 to 5, characterized in that the side walls (3, 4) are disposed on the inner side.
  7. Profile (1) according to one or more of Claims 4 to 6, characterized in that at least one side wall (3, 4) has respectively laterally disposed, preferably U-shaped mountings (8) for the reception of a side element (9).
  8. Profile (1) according to one of Claims 4 to 7, characterized in that the side walls (3, 4) have parallel-running guide grooves (10).
  9. Profile (1) according to one or more of Claims 4 to 8, characterized in that the webs (5) are configured as a row of approximately V-shaped arrangements.
  10. Profile (1) according to one or more of Claims 4 to 9, characterized in that a lining (12) is attached to the side walls (3, 4).
  11. Profile (1) according to one or more of Claims 4 to 10, characterized in that the chamber (13) formed by the side walls (3, 4), the top part (16) and the bottom part (2) at least partially contains insulation material.
  12. Profile (1) according to one or more of Claims 4 to 11, characterized in that the top part (16) and the bottom part (2) respectively have angular deviations (6), on which there are disposed inwardly directed end faces (22) provided with a stop (23) for a side wall (3, 4).
  13. Profile (1) according to Claim 12, characterized in that the angle (α), formed by an angular deviation (6) or a stop (23) and an end face (22), lies preferably between 5° and 135°, preferentially between 20° and 90°, and especially preferentially at about 90°.
  14. Profile (1) according to Claim 13, characterized in that the inwardly directed end faces (22) and the stop (23) form a groove (25) for the reception of side walls (3, 4) and preferably of side elements (9).
  15. Profile (1) according to one of Claims 13 or 14, characterized in that the side walls (3, 4) are welded to the end faces (22).
  16. Profile (1) according to one of Claims 13 or 15, characterized in that the side walls (3, 4) are welded to the stops (23).
  17. Profile (1) according to one or more of Claims 4 to 16, characterized in that the top part (16) and bottom part (2) consist of steel and the side walls (3, 4) of a material having lower thermal conductivity than steel, especially of special steel.
  18. Profile (1) according to one or more of Claims 4 to 17, characterized in that a web (5) has a bead (26) running in the longitudinal direction of the web.
  19. Profile (1) according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the insulation material (28) is disposed in the region of the side walls (3, 4), an upper and lower chamber (30, 31) being formed.
  20. Method for producing a profile (1) according to one of Claims 1 to 19, insulation material (28) being provided between the side walls (3, 4), characterized in that insulation material is fixed in the profile (1) by deformation of the side walls (3, 4).
  21. Method according to Claim 20, characterized in that the cams (27) are pressed inwardly in order to fix the insulation material.
  22. Method according to one of Claims 20 or 21, characterized in that the cams (27) are pressed into the insulation material (28) or, through plastic deformation of the insulation material (28), engage positively in the latter.
  23. Method for producing a profile (1) according to one of Claims 4 to 19, characterized in that openings (11) for the formation of the webs (5) are made in the side walls (3, 4), and in that the side walls (3, 4) are subsequently welded to the top part (16) and the bottom part (2).
EP04016906.2A 2003-09-01 2004-07-17 Profile and method of its manufacture Active EP1510643B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP03019838 2003-09-01
EP03019838 2003-09-01
EP04016906.2A EP1510643B1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-07-17 Profile and method of its manufacture

Applications Claiming Priority (12)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP04016906.2A EP1510643B1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-07-17 Profile and method of its manufacture
PL04016906T PL1510643T3 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-07-17 Profile and method of its manufacture
EP04764314A EP1660749B1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile with welded side walls
SI200430982T SI1660749T1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile with welded side walls
RU2006110553/03A RU2351727C2 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Section and method for its manufacture
AT04764314T AT408743T (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile with welded side walls
DE502004008102T DE502004008102D1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile with welded side walls
ES04764314T ES2310747T3 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile with welded side walls.
PL04764314T PL1660749T3 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile with welded side walls
PCT/EP2004/009330 WO2005028797A1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile and method for producing a profile
US10/570,110 US20060277859A1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile and method for producing a profile
HRP20180434TT HRP20180434T1 (en) 2003-09-01 2018-03-13 Profile and method of its manufacture

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1510643A1 EP1510643A1 (en) 2005-03-02
EP1510643B1 true EP1510643B1 (en) 2017-12-13

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EP04016906.2A Active EP1510643B1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-07-17 Profile and method of its manufacture
EP04764314A Active EP1660749B1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile with welded side walls

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EP04764314A Active EP1660749B1 (en) 2003-09-01 2004-08-20 Profile with welded side walls

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US (1) US20060277859A1 (en)
EP (2) EP1510643B1 (en)
AT (1) AT408743T (en)
DE (1) DE502004008102D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2310747T3 (en)
HR (1) HRP20180434T1 (en)
PL (2) PL1510643T3 (en)
RU (1) RU2351727C2 (en)
SI (1) SI1660749T1 (en)
WO (1) WO2005028797A1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1660749A1 (en) 2006-05-31
PL1660749T3 (en) 2009-03-31
RU2006110553A (en) 2007-10-10
RU2351727C2 (en) 2009-04-10
WO2005028797A1 (en) 2005-03-31
PL1510643T3 (en) 2018-06-29
EP1510643A1 (en) 2005-03-02
US20060277859A1 (en) 2006-12-14
ES2310747T3 (en) 2009-01-16
AT408743T (en) 2008-10-15
DE502004008102D1 (en) 2008-10-30
EP1660749B1 (en) 2008-09-17
HRP20180434T1 (en) 2018-04-20
SI1660749T1 (en) 2009-02-28

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