EP0236152B1 - Sterile packaging of liquid and semi-liquid substances - Google Patents

Sterile packaging of liquid and semi-liquid substances Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0236152B1
EP0236152B1 EP87400072A EP87400072A EP0236152B1 EP 0236152 B1 EP0236152 B1 EP 0236152B1 EP 87400072 A EP87400072 A EP 87400072A EP 87400072 A EP87400072 A EP 87400072A EP 0236152 B1 EP0236152 B1 EP 0236152B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
characterised
package according
container
dip tube
member
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
EP87400072A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0236152A1 (en
Inventor
André Debard
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Aerosol Inventions And Development Saaid Sa
Original Assignee
Aerosol Inventions And Development Saaid Sa
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FR8600605A priority Critical patent/FR2593147B1/en
Priority to FR8600605 priority
Application filed by Aerosol Inventions And Development Saaid Sa filed Critical Aerosol Inventions And Development Saaid Sa
Publication of EP0236152A1 publication Critical patent/EP0236152A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0236152B1 publication Critical patent/EP0236152B1/en
Application status is Expired legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67BAPPLYING CLOSURE MEMBERS TO BOTTLES JARS, OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; OPENING CLOSED CONTAINERS
    • B67B7/00Hand- or power-operated devices for opening closed containers
    • B67B7/24Hole-piercing devices
    • B67B7/26Hole-piercing devices combined with spouts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B11/00Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus
    • B05B11/0005Components or details
    • B05B11/0037Containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B11/00Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus
    • B05B11/02Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus the flow being effected by a follower, e.g. membrane, floating piston, in container for liquid or other fluent material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B11/00Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus
    • B05B11/30Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus the flow being effected by a pump
    • B05B11/3001Piston pumps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B11/00Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus
    • B05B11/30Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus the flow being effected by a pump
    • B05B11/3042Components or details
    • B05B11/3043Sealing or attachment arrangements between pump and container
    • B05B11/3046Sealing or attachment arrangements between pump and container the pump chamber being arranged substantially coaxially to the neck of the container
    • B05B11/3047Sealing or attachment arrangements between pump and container the pump chamber being arranged substantially coaxially to the neck of the container the pump being preassembled as an independent unit before being mounted on the container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B11/00Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus
    • B05B11/30Single-unit, i.e. unitary, hand-held apparatus comprising a container and a discharge nozzle attached thereto, in which flow of liquid or other fluent material is produced by the muscular energy of the operator at the moment of use or by an equivalent manipulator independent from the apparatus the flow being effected by a pump
    • B05B11/3042Components or details
    • B05B11/3052Actuation means
    • B05B11/3053Actuation means combined with means, other than pressure, for automatically opening a valve during actuation; combined with means for automatically removing closures or covers from the discharge nozzle during actuation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B15/00Details of spraying plant or spraying apparatus not otherwise provided for; Accessories
    • B05B15/30Dip tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/32Dip-tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/38Details of the container body
    • B65D83/382Details of the container body with closures that must be perforated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67DDISPENSING, DELIVERING OR TRANSFERRING LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B67D7/00Apparatus or devices for transferring liquids from bulk storage containers or reservoirs into vehicles or into portable containers, e.g. for retail sale purposes
    • B67D7/02Apparatus or devices for transferring liquids from bulk storage containers or reservoirs into vehicles or into portable containers, e.g. for retail sale purposes for transferring liquids other than fuel or lubricants
    • B67D7/0238Apparatus or devices for transferring liquids from bulk storage containers or reservoirs into vehicles or into portable containers, e.g. for retail sale purposes for transferring liquids other than fuel or lubricants utilising compressed air or other gas acting directly or indirectly on liquids in storage containers
    • B67D7/0266Apparatus or devices for transferring liquids from bulk storage containers or reservoirs into vehicles or into portable containers, e.g. for retail sale purposes for transferring liquids other than fuel or lubricants utilising compressed air or other gas acting directly or indirectly on liquids in storage containers by gas acting directly on the liquid

Description

  • La présente invention concerne le conditionnement stérile de substances fluides. The present invention relates to sterile packaging of flowable substances.
  • Elle vise plus particulièrement un conditionnement permettant de conserver jusqu'au premier emploi des substances à l'abri de l'environnement et de les distribuer ensuite. It relates more particularly to a package for retaining up to the first use of substances to protect the environment and distribute them afterwards.
  • Ce type de conditionnement concerne, plus particulièrement, les produits alimentaires tels que les diverses sauces, notamment le "ketchup", la moutarde, la mayonnaise, des crèmes alimentaires et cosmétiques, des shampooings ainsi que toute autre substance d'usage divers susceptible de s'altérer au contact de l'air lors de stockages prolongés. This type of packaging concerns, in particular food products such as various sauces, including "ketchup", mustard, mayonnaise, dietary and cosmetic creams, shampoos and other substance use various likely to s altering in contact with air during prolonged storage.
  • Les conditionnements utilisés jusqu'ici pour de tels produits font appel à un scellement du récipient contenant la substance avec une pellicule telle qu'un complexe aluminium-matière plastique que l'on soude à chaud sur l'ouverture du récipient. The packages used so far for such products use a sealing of the container containing the substance with a film such as an aluminum-plastic complex material which is hot-welded to the container opening. Ce type de scellement a fait ses preuves, notamment pour les conditionnements dits "sous vide" de produits lyophilisés tels que le café en poudre. This type of seal has been proven, in particular for so-called packaging "in vacuo" lyophilized products such as coffee powder.
  • On a également utilisé un conditionnement analogue pour des produits de parfumerie mélangés à un gaz propulseur dans des flacons scellés hermétiquement par une capsule en aluminium portant un tube plongeant jusqu'au fond du récipient. We also used a similar packaging for perfumery mixed with a propellant in hermetically sealed bottles with an aluminum capsule carrying a dip tube to the bottom of the container.
  • Lors de l'utilisation, on visse sur le col du flacon une tête de distribution renfermant une valve terminée par une pointe qui vient perforer la capsule dans l'axe du tube plongeur lors de la première utilisation. In use, is screwed onto the bottle neck a dispensing head comprising a valve ending in a tip which perforates the capsule in the axis of the plunger tube at the first use.
  • Un tel dispositif présente cependant l'inconvénient qu'à chaque utilisation la pointe vient boucher, en totalité ou en partie, la première perforation de la capsule, ce qui gêne, voire même rend impossible la distribution du produit. Such a device has the drawback however that each use the tip comes butcher, in whole or in part, the first perforation of the capsule, which hinders or even makes it impossible to dispensing the product.
  • L'invention a pour but de pallier les inconvénients des dispositifs classiques précités, et de permettre de conserver après stérilisation ou préstérilisation des substances dans un récipient à l'abri de l'air jusqu'à la première utilisation sans aucune gêne tout au long d'utilisations répétées. The invention aims to overcome the disadvantages of the above conventional devices, and allow to maintain pre-sterilization after sterilization or substances in a container protected from the air until first use without any discomfort along 'repeated use.
  • L'invention a pour objet un conditionnement stérile de substances fluides liquides et semi-liquides comprenant un récipient contenant la substance à distribuer, fermé hermétiquement par un opercule frangible, jusqu'à la première utilisation, et renfermant un tube axial plongeant d'en dessous de l'opercule jusqu'au fond du récipient, ainsi qu'un bouchon distributeur assujetti sur le col du récipient et comportant un organe à commande manuelle de perforation de l'opercule et de mise en communication du tube plongeur avec un canal de distribution traversant le bouchon - conditionnement caractérisé en ce que l'organe de perforation est tubulaire, coulissant axialement et télescopiquement à une extrémité du canal de distribution, et comporte des moyens d'encliquetage coopérant, en fin de course et après perforation de l'opercule, avec des moyens d'encliquetage complémentaires portés par un élément fixe du conditionnement, pour abouter de façon étanche et définitive The invention relates to a sterile packaging of liquid fluid substances and semi-fluids comprising a container containing the substance to be dispensed hermetically sealed by a frangible seal, until first use, and comprising an axial tube extending from below of the lid to the bottom of the container, and a subject dispenser cap on the container neck and comprising a manually operable member of perforation of the cap and the plunger tube placing in communication with a dispensing channel through the plug - packaging characterized in that the perforating member is tubular, sliding axially and telescopically at one end of the distribution channel, and includes latching means cooperating, the end of travel and after perforation of the cap, with complementary locking means carried by a fixed part of the packaging, to abut sealingly and permanently l'organe de perforation avec le tube plongeur. the perforating member with the dip tube.
  • De préférence, l'aboutement de l'organe de perforation avec le tube plongeur est maintenu après encliquetage sous une pression élastique axiale exercée par déformation axiale d'une pièce annulaire de centrage et de maintien du tube prenant appui par sa périphérie sur l'intérieur du col du récipient. Preferably, the abutment of the perforating member with the dip tube is maintained after snap under axial exerted by axial elastic deformation pressure of an annular part centering and holding the bearing tube via its periphery on the inside of the container neck.
  • La pression élastique axiale peut, en variante, être exercée par flambage du tube plongeur, dont l'extrémité, non aboutée, est alors crantée et prend appui sur le fond du récipient. The axial elastic pressure can alternatively be exerted by buckling of the plunger tube, the end not abutting, is notched and then bears on the bottom of the container.
  • Suivant une autre variante , la pression élastique peut être exercée par déformation d'une partie élastique de l'organe de perforation. According to another variant, the spring pressure can be exercised by deformation of an elastic part of the perforating member.
  • Le bouchon peut renfermer une pompe à commande manuelle d'acheminement de la substance à distribuer à travers le tube plongeur et le canal de distribution. The plug may include a hand pump routing control of the substance to be dispensed through the dip tube and the dispensing channel.
  • Une telle pompe peut aspirer la substance du récipient par le tube plongeur et la refouler dans le canal de distribution. Such a pump can suck the substance from the container via the dip tube and discharging in the distribution channel.
  • Elle peut également être pneumatique et refouler de l'air sous pression à l'intérieur du récipient au dessus de la substance à distribuer. It can also be pneumatic and discharging air pressure inside the container above the material to distribute.
  • Dans un mode de réalisation, la commande de la pompe est couplée unidirectionnellement, et seulement pour le premier actionnement avec l'organe perforateur. In one embodiment, the control of the pump is coupled unidirectionally and only for the first operation with the perforating member.
  • Suivant les usages envisagés, le canal de distribution peut déboucher radialement dans la paroi latérale du bouchon et vers le fond borgne de l'organe de perforation. According to the envisaged use, the distribution channel can lead radially into the side wall of the plug and to the blind bottom of the perforating member. Le canal de distribution peut aussi prolonger axialement l'organe de perforation et déboucher axialement au sommet du bouchon. The delivery channel may also axially extend the perforating member axially and lead to the top of the cap.
  • Dans de nombreuses utilisations, il est utile que le bouchon comporte un obturateur du débouché du canal de distribution afin d'éviter tout bouchage de ce canal en cas d'inutilisation prolongé du conditionnement après emploi. In many applications, it is useful that the plug includes a closure of the outlet of the distribution channel in order to avoid clogging the channel when not in use extended packaging after use.
  • Un tel obturateur peut être actionné par la commande manuelle d'acheminement de la substance pour s'éclipser pendant la distribution de substance et revenir en place après distribution. Such a shutter may be actuated by manual routing control of the substance to slip during the substance delivery and return up after distribution.
  • L'invention sera mieux comprise à la lecture de la description détaillée qui va suivre et à l'examen des dessins annexés qui représentent, à titre d'exemples non limitatifs plusieurs modes de réalisation de l'invention. The invention will be better understood on reading the detailed description that follows and examining the accompanying drawings which illustrate, by way of non-limiting example embodiments of the invention.
  • Sur ces dessins, In these drawings,
    • - la figure 1 est une vue schématique, en coupe diamétrale axiale d'un premier mode de réalisation d'un conditionnement avant la première utilisation, - Figure 1 is a schematic view in axial diametral section of a first embodiment of a package before use,
    • - la figure 2 est une vue partielle, analogue à la figure 1, du même conditionnement, à la première utilisation, - Figure 2 is a partial view, similar to Figure 1, the same packaging, at first use,
    • - la figure 3 est une vue analogue à la figure 2 du même conditionnement revenu au repos, - Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 2 of the packaging income break,
    • - la figure 4 est une vue partielle d'une variante du conditionnement des figures 1 à 3, - Figure 4 is a partial view of a variant of the package of Figures 1 to 3,
    • - les figures 5, 6, 7 et 8 sont des vues schématiques, en coupe diamétrale, de variantes de montage de tubes plongeurs et d'opercules d'étanchéité suivant l'invention. - Figures 5, 6, 7 and 8 are schematic views, in diametral section, of dip tubes of mounting alternatives and following sealing lids to the invention.
    • - la figure 9 est une vue schématique en coupe diamétrale axiale d'une variante d'organe perforateur du conditionnement des figures 1 à 4, - Figure 9 is a schematic view in axial diametral section of a perforating member variant of the packaging of Figures 1 to 4,
    • - la figure 10 est une vue schématique, en coupe diamétrale axiale, d'un conditionnement suivant l'invention équipé d'une pompe aspirante-refoulante, avant la première utilisation, et - Figure 10 is a schematic view in axial diametral section of a packaging according to the invention equipped with a suction-pressure pump before the first use, and
    • - la figure 11 est une vue analogue à celle de la figure 10 du même conditionnement après la première utilisation. - Figure 11 is a view similar to that of Figure 10 of the same package after the first use.
  • Sur ces figures, les éléments correspondants sont désignés par les mêmes références numériques, éventuellement affectées d'un indice alphabétique. In these figures, corresponding elements are designated by the same numerals, possibly affected by an alphabetical index.
  • Le conditionnement représenté sur les figures 1 à 3 comprend essentiellement un récipient 1 renfermant la substance 2 à distribuer. The packaging shown in Figures 1 to 3 essentially comprises a container 1 containing the substance 2 to be dispensed. Un tube 4 est centré dans le col du flacon par une pièce annulaire 11 en forme de rondelle tronconique dont le centre, solidaire du tube 4, est relié par des rayons 22 à une collerette extérieure 23 en appui sur un épaulement voisin de l'ouverture du col 12 du récipient. A tube 4 is centered in the bottle neck by an annular part 11 in the form of frusto-conical washer whose center, integral with the tube 4, is connected by spokes 22 to an outer flange 23 resting on a shoulder adjacent the opening the neck 12 of the container.
  • Le col du récipient est fermé hermétiquement par un opercule 3 constitué, par exemple, par une feuille mince d'un complexe aluminium-matière plastique soudé sur la tranche du col 12 du récipient. The neck of the container is sealed by a cap 3 made of, for example, by a thin sheet of aluminum-plastic complex welded to the edge of the neck 12 of the container. Le col du récipient est coiffé par un bouchon distributeur 5 encliqueté sur un rebord extérieur 24 du col du récipient 1. Ce bouchon 5 comprend essentiellement un corps principal 25 percé d'un canal axial dans lequel coulisse un organe obturateur tubulaire borgne 6 percé d'un trou radial 26 au voisinage du fond borgne 18 qui, en position enfoncée (figure 2), débouche dans un canal radial de distribution 7 traversant le bouchon. The container neck is capped by a cap 5 snapped distributor on an outer rim 24 of the neck of the container 1. The plug 5 comprises essentially a main body 25 having an axial channel in which slides a blind tubular valve member 6 pierced with a radial hole 26 in the vicinity of the blind bottom 18, which, in the depressed position (Figure 2) opens into a radial distribution channel 7 passing through the plug.
  • Une jupe axiale 27 coopère avec une jupe coaxiale 28 du poussoir 17 pour constituer une pompe pneumatique 16 débouchant dans le fond du corps 25 par un orifice calibré 28'. An axial skirt 27 cooperates with a coaxial skirt 28 of the pusher 17 to form a pneumatic pump 16 opening into the bottom of the body 25 via a calibrated orifice 28 '. Un ressort de rappel 29 sollicite en permanence le poussoir 17 vers une position éloignée du corps 25. Le sommet du corps 17 est percé d'un trou axial 30 communiquant avec l'intérieur de la pompe 16 sous le contrôle d'un clapet anti-retour 31, logé dans un téton borgne axial 32 dont l'extrémité vient porter à l'extérieur du fond borgne 18 de l'organe perforateur 6, avant la première utilisation (figure 1). A return spring 29 permanently biases the pusher 17 towards a position away from the body 25. The top of the body 17 is pierced with an axial hole 30 communicating with the interior of the pump 16 under the control of a check valve return 31, housed in an axial blind stud 32 whose end comes to bear on the outside of the blind bottom 18 of the perforation member 6, before the first use (Figure 1).
  • La paroi extérieure du poussoir 17 est percée radialement d'un orifice 21 qui vient dans le prolongement du canal de distribution 7 lorsque le poussoir 17 est enfoncé à fond (figure 2). The outer wall of push rod 17 is pierced radially with a hole 21 which is in the extension of the distribution channel 7 when the plunger 17 is pressed fully (figure 2).
  • Au repos, le jupe extérieure 20 du corps 25 obture ce débouché 21, isolant ainsi le contenu du récipient. At rest, the outer skirt 20 of the body 25 closes this outlet 21, thereby isolating the container contents. Une rondelle annulaire 33 fixée à la base de la paroi latérale du poussoir 17 par des points frangibles porte, par son extrémité inférieure, sur un rebord 34 du corps 25, et empêche ainsi tout enfoncement prématuré du poussoir 17, garantissant ainsi l'intégrité de l'opercule 3. An annular washer 33 attached to the base of the side wall of the pusher 17 by breakable points door, by its lower end on a flange 34 of body 25 and thus prevents premature depression of the push rod 17, thus ensuring the integrity of the cap 3.
  • Un ergot 35 facilite l'arrachement de cette bague de garantie 33 avant la première utilisation. A lug 35 facilitates the tearing of the guarantee ring 33 before the first use.
  • Lors de la première utilisation (figure 2), l'organe obturateur 6, repoussé par le téton 32 perfore l'opercule 3 et vient s'emmancher élastiquement sur l'extrémité du tube 4. La pièce annulaire 11 cède élastiquement et assure un contact permanent d'étanchéité suffisant entre l'organe perforateur 6 et le tube 4. During the first use (Figure 2), the valve member 6, pushed back by the pin 32 perforates the cap 3 and is resiliently be fitted on the pipe end 4. The annular part 11 elastically gives way and ensures contact Standing sufficient seal between the perforation member 6 and the tube 4.
  • Un rebord annulaire 9 de la base de l'organe perforateur 6 vient s'encliqueter en fin de course dans un rebord annulaire 10 de forme complémentaire du corps 25. An annular flange 9 of the base of the perforation member 6 is snapped at the stroke end in an annular rim 10 of complementary shape of the body 25.
  • Dès lors, l'organe perforateur 6 est solidaire du corps 25 et reste en place lorsque le poussoir 17, refoulé par le ressort 29, remonte (figure 3). Therefore, the perforation member 6 is secured to the body 25 and remains in place when the plunger 17, pushed by the spring 29, rises (Figure 3).
  • Lorsqu'on appuie sur le poussoir 17 (figure 2), l'air comprimé dans la pompe 16 est refoulé par l'orifice calibré 28 et vient créer une pression à la surface du produit 2 à l'intérieur du récipient 1 en passant entre l'organe perforateur 6 et l'opercule déchiré 3 par la cannelure longitudinale 64 creusée dans l'organe perforateur, pour refouler la substance par le tube 4 et le canal 7. By pressing the push rod 17 (Figure 2), the compressed air in the pump 16 is discharged through the calibrated orifice 28 and comes to create a pressure at the product surface 2 within the container 1 passing between the perforation member 6 and the lid 3 torn by the longitudinal groove 64 hollowed in the perforating member, for forcing the substance through the tube 4 and the channel 7.
  • Le clapet 31 interdit toute sortie de l'air comprimé par l'orifice 30. Lorsque le poussoir 17 remonte (figure 3), l'air pénètre largement par l'orifice 30 en repoussant le clapet 31, cependant que l'orifice calibré 28' ne permet pas à l'air comprimé de revenir librement à l'intérieur de la pompe 16. The valve 31 prohibits output of the compressed air through the orifice 30. When the plunger 17 rises (Figure 3), the air enters via the orifice 30, pushing the valve 31, while the calibrated orifice 28 'does not allow compressed air to return freely inside of the pump 16.
  • Suivant la variante de la pompe 4, le canal de distribution 7a débouche en permanence à l'extérieur à travers une lumière longitudinale allongée 36 de la paroi latérale du poussoir 17. According to the variant of the pump 4, the distribution channel 7a opens permanently outside through an elongated longitudinal slot 36 of the side wall of the pusher 17.
  • Dans ce mode de réalisation, le produit stagnant dans le tube 4 et le canal 7a reste en contact avec l'air, et il peut être utile de prévoir un bouchon, comme indiqué en pointillés en 37,que l'utilisateur remettra en place après chaque utilisation. In this embodiment, the stagnant product in the tube 4 and the channel 7a remains in contact with the air, and it may be useful to provide a plug as shown in phantom at 37, the user will give up after each use.
  • Dans la variante représentée sur la figure 5, le tube plongeur 4a porte sur le fond 14 du récipient 1 par une extrémité découpée de crans 13 pour le passage de la substance à distribuer. In the variant shown in Figure 5, the plunger tube 4a covers the bottom 14 of vessel 1 through a cut end of the notches 13 for the passage of the substance to be dispensed.
  • Ce tube 4a est maintenu dans l'axe du goulot par un support annulaire 11a en forme d'étoile. The tube 4a is maintained in the axis of the neck by an annular support 11a in star shape. Lorsque l'opercule 3 est crevé par l'organe perforateur 6 d'une tête analogue à celle des figures 1 à 3, le tube 4a fléchit axialement comme indiqué en pointillés et assure par ce flambage un contact élastique étanche entre le sommet du tube 4a et l'organe perforateur 6. When the cap 3 is punctured by the piercing member 6 in an analogous head to that of Figures 1 to 3, the tube 4a axially flexes as shown in dotted lines and by this ensures a tight buckling elastic contact between the top of tube 4a and the perforation member 6.
  • Dans le mode de réalisation de la figure 6, le tube plongeur 4b est emmanché dans un téton axial d'une pièce annulaire 11b analogue à la pièce 11 des figures 1 à 3, mais dont la collerette vient en appui sur la tranche de la carnette 38 du col du récipient 1a. In the embodiment of Figure 6, the dip tube 4b is fitted into an axial nipple an annular part 11b similar to the part 11 of Figures 1 to 3 but in which the collar bears on the edge of the Carnette 38 of the neck of the container 1a. L'opercule 36 est serti en dessous de la carnette 38. The cover 36 is set below the Carnette 38.
  • Une telle variante peut être utilisée avec la tête 5 des figures 1 à 3, et de la même façon. Such a variant can be used with the head 5 of Figures 1 to 3, and in the same way.
  • Dans la variante de la figure 7, la pièce annulaire 11 est constituée par une rondelle dont la périphérie 39 est encliquetée dans une gorge 40 du col du flacon 1 b. In the variant of Figure 7, the annular part 11 is constituted by a washer whose periphery 39 is snapped into a groove 40 of the neck of the bottle 1 b. Des ailettes radiales 41 rigidifient la pièce annulaire 11c, afin de permettre l'encliquetage de l'extrémité d'un organe perforateur 6b sur un rebord annulaire 42 de l'extrémité d'un conduit annulaire axial 43 de la pièce annulaire 11c sur lequel est enfilé un tube plongeur 4c. Radial fins 41 stiffen the annular part 11c, to enable the latching of the end of a perforating member 6b to an annular flange 42 of the end of an axial annular duct 43 of the annular part 11c which is donned a dip tube 4c.
  • Dans la variante de la figure 8 une capsule en aluminium ou en matière plastique 11d est assujettie sur l'extrémité du col du récipient 1c par sertissage ou encliquetage avec interposition d'une rondelle élastique d'étanchéité 44. In the variant of Figure 8 a capsule in aluminum or plastic material 11d is secured to the end of the neck of the container 1c by crimping or snap-fastening with the interposition of a resilient washer seal 44.
  • La capsule 11d est en forme de tronc de cône et se prolonge axialement par un téton tubulaire borgne 45 autour duquel vient s'insérer un tube plongeur 4d. The cap 11d is shaped like a truncated cone and extends axially with a blind tubular spigot 45 around which is inserted a plunger tube 4d. Le fond borgne du téton 45 est avantageusement aminci, pour faciliter ce perçage par un organe perforateur 6c présentant un épaulement 46 qui vient porter de façon étanche à l'intérieur du tronc de cône de la capsule 11 d. The blind bottom of the stud 45 is preferably tapered to facilitate this bore by a perforating member 6c having a shoulder 46 which comes to bear in sealed manner inside the truncated cone of the cap 11d.
  • La figure 9 représente une variante de l'organe perforateur des figures 1 à 3. Figure 9 shows a variant of the perforating member of Figures 1 to 3.
  • Suivant cette variante, l'organe perforateur 6a présente une partie en accordéon 15 qui lui confère une élasticité axiale assurant un bon maintien axial étanche sur l'extrémité du tube plongeur 4. According to this variant, the perforating member 6a has a bellows portion 15 which gives it an axial elasticity ensuring good watertight flange rings on the end of the dip tube 4.
  • Dans le mode de réalisation décrit ci-dessus, le passage de la substance à travers le tube plongeur, l'organe perforateur et le tube de distribution est libre de toute obstruction, ce qui rend le conditionnement suivant l'invention particulièrement appréciable pour la distribution de substances renfermant des particules solides. In the embodiment described above, the passage of the substance through the plunger tube, the perforating member and the dispensing tube is unobstructed, which makes the packaging according the invention especially valuable for the distribution substances containing solid particles. De plus la substance distribuée ne risque pas d'être éventuellement altérée par contact avec des ressorts, billes ou autres organes métalliques. In addition, the distributed substance is not likely to be optionally altered by contact with springs, ball or other metallic bodies.
  • Dans la variante représentée sur les figures 10 et 11, la base d'un bouchon 47 est vissée sur le col d'un récipient 1 d. In the variant shown in Figures 10 and 11, the base of a cap 47 is screwed onto the neck of a container 1 d. Un tube plongeur 4e est fixé par son extrémité épanouie en collerette tronconique 48 sur la tranche du col du récipient 1d et est recouvert par un opercule frangible 3c. A fourth dip tube is fixed by its end blossomed frustoconical collar 48 on the edge of the neck of the container and 1d is covered by a frangible cap 3c. Le bouchon 47 est prolongé extérieurement par une partie tubulaire 49 dans laquelle coulisse le cylindre 51 d'une pompe 50 aspirante-refoulante. The plug 47 is externally extended by a tubular portion 49 which slides in the cylinder 51 of a suction-forcing pump 50. Dans le cylindre 51 coulisse un piston 52 présentant une lèvre extérieure 53 au contact de la paroi interne du cylindre 51 et une lèvre intérieure 54 de sens inverse, coulissant contre une tige axiale 55 terminée par une tête épanouie 56, contre laquelle vient buter au repos l'extrémité d'un canal de distribution 7b solidaire d'une coiffe 57, coulissant autour d'une partie tubulaire 49. La coiffe 57 sert de poussoir pour actionner le piston 52. In the cylinder 51 a piston 52 having an outer lip 53 in contact with the inner wall of cylinder 51 and an inner lip 54 of opposite direction, sliding against an axial rod 55 is completed by a blown head 56, against which abuts at rest the end of a distribution channel 7b integral with a cap 57, sliding around a tubular portion 49. the cap 57 serves as a pusher for actuating the piston 52.
  • La base de la tige 55 est fixée au sommet d'une cage 58 renfermant une bille 59 qui sert de clapet anti-retour à l'extrémité d'un prolongement tubulaire axial 60 du cylindre 51 qui sert d'organe perforateur, lors de la première utilisation de la pompe. The base of the stem 55 is fixed to the top of a cage 58 containing a ball 59 which serves as a check valve at the end of an axial tubular extension 60 of the cylinder 51 which serves as a perforating member at the first use of the pump.
  • Un ressort 61 disposé entre le piston 52 et le fond du cylindre 51 sollicite en permanence le piston 52 vers une position de repos où l'extrémité du canal 7b vient porter, de façon étanche, contre la tête 56 de la tige 55 (comme représenté en trait plein sur la figure 10 et en pointillé sur la figure 11). A spring 61 disposed between the piston 52 and the bottom of cylinder 51 constantly biases the piston 52 towards a rest position where the end 7b of the channel comes to bear sealingly against the head 56 of the rod 55 (as shown in solid lines in Figure 10 and in dashed lines in Figure 11).
  • Lors de la première utilisatin, le cylindre 51 s'enfonce dans la partie tubulaire 49. Le prolongement tubulaire 60 perfore l'opercule 3c et vient s'appliquer de façon étanche à l'intérieur de l'embout tronconique, cependant qu'un rebord annulaire 62 en bout du cylindre 51 vient s'encliqueter de façon définitive à l'intérieur d'une gorge annulaire 63 à l'extrémité de la partie tubulaire 49 (figure 11). At the first utilisatin, the cylinder 51 penetrates the tubular portion 49. The tubular extension 60 punctures the lid 3c and is applied sealingly to the interior of the tapered tip, while a flange annular end 62 of the cylinder 51 is snapped permanently within an annular groove 63 at the end of the tubular portion 49 (Figure 11).
  • La pompe 50 est alors solidaire du bouchon 47 et demeure en place losqu'on relâche la pression sur la coiffe 57 et que celle-ci est ramnée en position de repos, indiquée en pointillés sur la figure 11. The pump 50 is then secured to the plug 47 and remains in place losqu'on releases the pressure on the cap 57 and that it is Ramnee in the rest position, indicated in dashed lines in Figure 11.
  • Lorsqu'on appuie sur la coiffe 57, le piston 52 refoule la substance préalablement aspirée à l'intérieur du cylindre 51, à travers le canal de distribution 7b dont l'extrémité, ainsi éloignée de la tête 56, débouche librement à l'extérieur. When pressing the cap 57, the piston 52 displaces the substance previously drawn into the cylinder 51, through the dispensing channel 7b whose end and remote from the head 56 freely opens to the outside .
  • Bien entendu, l'invention n'est nullement limitée aux modes de réalisation décrits et représentés, elle est susceptible de nombreuses variantes accessibles à l'homme de l'art, suivant les applications envisagées et sans s'écarter pour cela du cadre de l'invention. Of course, the invention is not limited to the embodiments described and shown, it is susceptible to many variants to the man of the art, according to the applications envisaged and without departing from the scope of 'invention.

Claims (12)

1. Sterile package for liquid and semi-liquid fluids comprising a container (1) containing the product to be dispensed (2) hermetically sealed by a breakable membrane seal (3) until first use and including an axial tube (4) extending from below the seal down to the bottom of the container (1), as well as a dispensing head (5, 47) fixed onto the neck (12) of the container and comprising a manually actuated member (6, 60) for perforating the seal and for putting the dip tube into communication with a dispensing passage (7) which extends through the head the package being characterised in that the perforating member (6, 60) is tubular, sliding axially and telescopically at one end of the dispensing passage (7) and comprises snapengagement means (8, 62) co-operating, at the end of its travel and after perforation of the seal (3), with complementary snap-engagement means (10, 63) on a fixed element of the package to cause the perforating member (6, 60) to engage with the dip tube (4) in a positive sealing manner.
2. Package according to claim 1, characterised in that the engagement of the perforating member (6) with the dip tube is maintained after snap-engagement under axial elastic pressure exercised by axial deformation of an annular centering and maintaining component (11) of the tube (4) which engages through its periphery against the inside of the neck (12) of the container (1).
3. Package according to claim 1, characterised in that the engagement of the perforating member (6) with the dip tube (4) is maintained after snap-engagement under an axial elastic pressure exercised by bowing of the dip tube (4) of which the non-abutting end is notched (13) and engages the floor (14) of the container (1).
4. Package according to claim 1, characterised in that the engagement of the perforating member (6) with the dip tube (4) is maintained after snap-engagement under axial elastic pressure exercised by deformation of an elastic part (15) of the perforating member (6a) .
5. Package according to one of claims 1 to 4 characterised in that the head (5, 47) contains a manually actuated pump (16, 50) for raising the product to be dispensed (2) through the dip tube (4) and the dispensing passage (7).
6. Package according to claim 5, characterised in that the pump (50) sucks up the product (2) in the container (1) through the dip tube (4) and delivers it to the dispensing passage (7).
7. Package according to claim 5, characterised in that the pump (16) is pneumatic and delivers air under pressure into the container (1) above the product to be dispensed (2).
8. Package according to one of claims 5 to 7, characterised in that the actuation (17, 57) of the pump (16, 50) is coupled to the perforator member (6, 60) unidirectionally and only for the first operation.
9. Package according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterised in that the dispensing passage (7) opens radially into the side wall (19) of the head and towards the closed end (18) of the perforating member (6).
10. Package according to one of claims 1 to 8 characterised in that the dispensing passage (7b) extends the perforating member (60) axially and opens axially at the top of the head.
11. Package according to one of claims 1 to 10, characterised in that the head (5, 47) comprises an obturator (20, 56) at the mouth (21), of the dispensing passage (7).
12. Package according to claim 11, characterised in that the obturator (20, 56) is actuated by the manual pumping control (17, 57) for the product to move it clear during dispensing of the product and return it to its operative position after dispensing.
EP87400072A 1986-01-17 1987-01-14 Sterile packaging of liquid and semi-liquid substances Expired EP0236152B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8600605A FR2593147B1 (en) 1986-01-17 1986-01-17 sterile packaging of liquid and semi-liquid fluids.
FR8600605 1986-01-17

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0236152A1 EP0236152A1 (en) 1987-09-09
EP0236152B1 true EP0236152B1 (en) 1989-10-25

Family

ID=9331201

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP87400072A Expired EP0236152B1 (en) 1986-01-17 1987-01-14 Sterile packaging of liquid and semi-liquid substances

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US (1) US4770323A (en)
EP (1) EP0236152B1 (en)
JP (1) JPS62168865A (en)
DE (1) DE3760867D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2011638B3 (en)
FR (1) FR2593147B1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP0236152A1 (en) 1987-09-09
JPS62168865A (en) 1987-07-25
US4770323A (en) 1988-09-13
DE3760867D1 (en) 1989-11-30
FR2593147A1 (en) 1987-07-24
FR2593147B1 (en) 1988-03-18
ES2011638B3 (en) 1990-02-01

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