DE202012100010U1 - Pressure intensifier - Google Patents

Pressure intensifier

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Publication number
DE202012100010U1
DE202012100010U1 DE202012100010U DE202012100010U DE202012100010U1 DE 202012100010 U1 DE202012100010 U1 DE 202012100010U1 DE 202012100010 U DE202012100010 U DE 202012100010U DE 202012100010 U DE202012100010 U DE 202012100010U DE 202012100010 U1 DE202012100010 U1 DE 202012100010U1
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Germany
Prior art keywords
unit
piston
position
hydraulic
channel
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DE202012100010U
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German (de)
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TKR SPEZIALWERKZEUGE GmbH
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Tkr Spezialwerkzeuge Gmbh
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Priority to DE102011052115.1A priority Critical patent/DE102011052115B4/en
Priority to DE102011052115.1 priority
Application filed by Tkr Spezialwerkzeuge Gmbh filed Critical Tkr Spezialwerkzeuge Gmbh
Priority to DE202012100010U priority patent/DE202012100010U1/en
Publication of DE202012100010U1 publication Critical patent/DE202012100010U1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=45896389&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=DE202012100010(U1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25FCOMBINATION OR MULTI-PURPOSE TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DETAILS OR COMPONENTS OF PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS NOT PARTICULARLY RELATED TO THE OPERATIONS PERFORMED AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B25F5/00Details or components of portable power-driven tools not particularly related to the operations performed and not otherwise provided for
    • B25F5/005Hydraulic driving means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/10Riveting machines
    • B21J15/16Drives for riveting machines; Transmission means therefor
    • B21J15/22Drives for riveting machines; Transmission means therefor operated by both hydraulic or liquid pressure and gas pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B11/00Servomotor systems without provision for follow-up action; Circuits therefor
    • F15B11/06Servomotor systems without provision for follow-up action; Circuits therefor involving features specific to the use of a compressible medium, e.g. air, steam
    • F15B11/072Combined pneumatic-hydraulic systems
    • F15B11/0725Combined pneumatic-hydraulic systems with the driving energy being derived from a pneumatic system, a subsequent hydraulic system displacing or controlling the output element

Abstract

Portable pressure intensifier (1) for driving interchangeable hydraulic tools (7), comprising - a pneumatic or pneumatic pressure driven unit (5), - a hydraulic unit (4) connected to the pneumatic unit (5), - a stationary (3) releasably connecting the hydraulic tool (7) to the hydraulic unit (4), wherein the pneumatic unit (5), the hydraulic unit (4) and the coupling unit (3) are combined to form an integral mobile handling unit (2).

Description

  • The invention relates to a portable pressure booster for driving replaceable hydraulic tools, with a gas or air pressure driven pneumatic unit, a connected to the pneumatic unit hydraulic unit and a coupling unit for immovable and detachable connection of the hydraulic tool to the hydraulic unit.
  • Portable pressure intensifiers can be used in industrial manufacturing for the hydraulic drive of a variety of tools, such as riveting, punching, drilling or cutting tools. To operate such pressure booster an additional power connection is required in addition to a gas or air pressure connection. The disadvantage of this is that for the operation of the pressure booster an additional voltage conversion adapted to the voltage used in this country must be made. In particular, this makes international distribution more difficult.
  • Pure gas- or air-pressure-operated push-type translators, d. H. Pressure booster without additional necessary power connection are previously known only as stationary units and thus as non-portable versions.
  • Pressure intensifiers with interchangeable tools have the problem that the connection between pressure intensifier and hydraulic tool is often not sufficiently stable to work with high forces. For this reason, pressure intensifiers designed for high forces are not designed for the interchangeable connection of hydraulic tools or are so massively shaped that the pressure intensifiers can only be operated with auxiliary devices because of their dimension and / or their weight.
  • In the case of interchangeable hydraulic tools, it is aggravating that replacement of the hydraulic tool is usually accompanied by losses of hydraulic fluid in the area of the coupling. In particular, by dripping hydraulic fluid, eg. In the industrial sector, there is a particularly high risk of occupational accidents, which can only be avoided by additional work, such as. The wiping down the dropped hydraulic fluid. However, such disruptions are unacceptable in today's industrial manufacturing.
  • It is therefore an object of the invention to provide an easily manageable, particularly compact, suitable for high workload pressure booster, which allows a more secure and fast replacement of tools.
  • This object is achieved by a portable pressure booster according to claim 1. Advantageous developments of the invention are specified in the dependent claims.
  • The inventive portable pressure booster for driving replaceable hydraulic tools has a gas or pneumatic driven pneumatic unit, a connected to the pneumatic unit hydraulic unit and a coupling unit for immovable and detachable connection of the hydraulic tool to the hydraulic unit, wherein the pneumatic unit, the hydraulic unit and the coupling unit to a one-piece, mobile handling unit are summarized.
  • The inventive pressure intensifier is particularly advantageous drivable exclusively via a gas or air pressure. The additional connection of electricity is neither necessary to operate nor to control the pressure booster, whereby the inventive pressure intensifier can be used particularly advantageous regardless of the respective prevailing voltage in all countries.
  • Due to the particularly compact summary of the pneumatic unit, hydraulic unit and coupling unit to a handling unit of the inventive pressure intensifier is particularly lightweight, has a particularly short design and is therefore easy to handle and for one person possibly one-handed wearing and / or operated.
  • The immovable and detachable connection of the hydraulic tool to the hydraulic unit also allows the use of tools in which particularly high forces must be transmitted. These include, for example, punching or riveting tools.
  • In the sense of the invention, an integrally combined handling unit can be understood to be a building body, for example a construction frame, in which at least the pneumatic, hydraulic and coupling unit are fitted and arranged in connection with one another.
  • On the other hand, the pneumatic, hydraulic and coupling unit can also form independent assemblies, which, however, are interconnected and possibly interlocked in such a way that they can not be detached from one another during operation of the pressure booster. In addition, the assembled subassemblies are, for example, so interlocked with one another that a functional capability of the one-piece handling unit is given only by the combination of the three subassemblies.
  • The integrally interconnected units / assemblies, ie the pneumatic, hydraulic and coupling unit and possibly additionally a pressure reducer, for example, screwed together, pressed or jammed. As a result, a loosening, separating or a relative movement is prevented from each other during operation, but in the case of maintenance a simple disassembly example. With the help of a disassembly tool allows.
  • An immovable connection is understood to be a connection in which, in the connected state, if necessary a rotary movement about a common axis, however, otherwise, no relative movement between the coupling unit and the hydraulic tool is possible. The connection is thus designed such that the connection between the coupling unit and the hydraulic tool is rigid and the coupling unit and the hydraulic tool are immovably connected relative to each other. The immovable connection is advantageous because it allows a particularly strong and secure bond between pressure booster and hydraulic tool, which in a particularly advantageous manner, a connection is achieved, record the particularly high workloads or can generate by the pressure booster on the hydraulic tool.
  • However, the connection between the hydraulic tool and the coupling unit and thus also the handling unit is solvable in any case, in particular easily and quickly detachable, whereby a speedy - possibly even more frequent - change of the hydraulic tool on the pressure booster is made possible.
  • According to a development of the invention, the coupling unit is adjustable between an unlocking position and a locking position, wherein in the unlocking position the hydraulic tool can be separated from or connected to the coupling unit and in the locking position the hydraulic tool is fixed relative to the coupling unit.
  • The coupling unit or individual components of the coupling unit can thus assume different relative positions (position) on the handling unit. In addition to the unlocking and locking position, this can be more layers. The adjustment can be made due to different movements. For example. sliding, latching, rotating or deflecting movements are possible for adjustment.
  • In the unlocking position, a hydraulic tool can be connected to or removed from the coupling unit. In the locking position, however, the hydraulic tool is immovably connected to the coupling unit with this. A relative movement of the hydraulic tool to the coupling unit is therefore not possible in the locking position, apart from possibly a rotational movement about a common axis.
  • For a change of the hydraulic tool, an adjustment of the coupling unit in the unlocking position is necessary. For safety reasons, the operation of the connected hydraulic tool is only possible in the locking position. As a result, the erroneous use of the unlocked hydraulic tool and an associated high risk of injury of the user is advantageously prevented.
  • Particularly preferably, the coupling unit has at least one adjustable between a release position and a locking position locking element, in particular a ball detent body and at least one adjustable between a closure position and an opening position blocking element fixing, wherein the blocking element fixing fixed in the locking position, the blocking element in the locking position and in the open position, the blocking element is adjustable between the unlocked position and the locking position.
  • The blocking element is designed to block the hydraulic tool coupled to the coupling unit. It may have any shape, for example. It may be rectangular, square, arbitrary polygonal or oval or have combinations of these forms. It is particularly preferably designed as a ball, but can also be designed as a detent, pawl, bolt or hooking.
  • The adjusting element is adjustable between at least two positions, the unlocking position and the locking position, with an adjustable preference being given to a forward and backward or backward movement of the blocking element. As a result, in particular with respect to removable or plug-in locking elements significantly higher safety and a significantly increased ease of operation is achieved.
  • The locking element fixing is designed such that it immovably fixes the blocking element in at least one position, wherein immovably a positional fixation of the blocking element with respect to the coupling unit is understood. However, embodiments (for example detent ball elements) are also possible in which a relative movement of the locking elements fixed by the blocking element fixing is possible.
  • The blocking element fixation can be designed as desired and, for example, in the blocking element engage or attack on the blocking element. The locking element fixing is as well as the locking element between at least two positions, a closure position and an open position, adjustable. The blocking element fixing can, for example, be infinitely or in stages movable.
  • According to one embodiment of the invention, the coupling unit on a Kugelverrastung. At the ball latching in particular a designed as a locking ring, adjustable between the opening position and the locking position Sperrelementfixierung and a coupling ring are arranged coaxially, wherein between an inner side of the locking ring and an outer side of the coupling ring designed for receiving the ball detent cavity is formed and the coupling ring with an opening a comparison with the ball detent element has smaller diameter and the locking ring has a recess for at least partially receiving the ball detent element, wherein the locking ring, the ball detent element and the coupling ring are matched to one another such that in the closed position the ball detent element is arranged in sections in the opening and from an inner side protruding from the coupling ring and is secured in position by the locking ring in this locking position and in the open position the ball detent displaced into the unlocking position is.
  • Under a locking ring is an annular locking element fixing understood. This may have a round cross section, but is preferably formed with a polygonal, in particular a rectangular cross section. The locking ring is preferably rotatably mounted on a coaxial path about a liquid outlet opening. For better handling, he can, for example. On on its outside z. B. grip elements or on its surface gripping structures.
  • The coupling ring is also formed concentrically to the locking ring, but preferably arranged non-rotatably on the coupling unit. In cross-section, it is like the locking ring also preferably rectangular shaped, but may also have other, especially polygonal shapes.
  • The openings in the coupling ring are adapted to the shape of the locking elements. In particular, they have a round cross section and are, for example, at least slightly conical on the outside facing the cavity. The openings are also adapted in size to the locking elements. In the case of spherical detent elements, the diameter of the openings is smaller than the diameter of the detent elements and is designed in such a way that the ball lying in the opening projects from the inside of the coupling ring opposite the outside.
  • For coupling a hydraulic tool to the coupling unit, a coupling element corresponding to the coupling unit is formed on the hydraulic tool. This is preferably also annular and has a matched to the inner diameter of the coupling ring outer diameter. Further, adapted to the locking elements openings or bulges are arranged on the coupling element.
  • The coupling unit and the coupling element corresponding thereto are thus designed and cooperating in such a way that in the closed position of the blocking element fixing the blocking elements engage through the openings of the coupling ring into the openings / protrusions of the coupling element, whereby the immovable connection of the hydraulic tool to the hydraulic unit is effected.
  • By the above-described interaction of locking ring, coupling ring and ball detent body is a particularly simple design and thus insensitive Kugelverrastung realized that produces a particularly strong and rigid connection that can accommodate high workloads and is particularly low maintenance. Furthermore, a fast and frequent tool change is made possible by the particularly simple handling of Kugelverrastung. As a result, manufacturing steps carried out in the production with the pressure intensifier can advantageously be carried out particularly quickly and particularly rationally.
  • To operate the hydraulic tool connected to the pressure booster, it is necessary to press hydraulic fluid from the pressure booster into the hydraulic tool. For this purpose, according to a development of the invention, the coupling unit has at least one liquid outlet opening which can be closed with an outlet valve and connected to a liquid channel.
  • Under a fluid channel in this sense is to be understood by the handling unit leading "way" for the liquid. D. h., The channel may be formed from a separate structure, eg. A hose or pipe and / or it is formed of successive spaces of other structures, which are liquid-tightly interconnected.
  • The fluid channel may have various configurations. For example. For example, the channel may have different cross-sections or different cross-sectional shapes over its length, such as round, oval or polygonal shapes. Also can be arranged in the liquid channel other structures, such as. Check valves or liquid reservoirs. The liquid outlet opening is preferably formed corresponding to a liquid inlet opening on the hydraulic tool. In particular, round channels or openings are arranged here.
  • At the liquid outlet opening an outlet valve is arranged. The valve is designed to close the liquid outlet opening and prevents the escape of liquid from the liquid outlet opening, for example when changing tools. The opening of the outlet valve can be done manually, for example, for test purposes or by a hydraulic ram arranged on the opening valve, which acts on the outlet valve, the outlet valve, for example, shifts and so the liquid outlet opening is free, so that the liquid from the liquid outlet opening can flow into the hydraulic tool ,
  • The outlet valve is arranged in particular in such a way that, when the hydraulic tool is not connected to the coupling unit, it prevents the liquid from escaping from the liquid outlet opening. For this purpose, for example, an outlet valve which presses the outlet valve against a closing edge of the outlet opening is arranged on the outlet valve. An unintentional leakage of the hydraulic fluid, for example. When changing tools or when storing the pressure booster can thus be prevented in an advantageous manner.
  • According to one embodiment of the invention, the hydraulic unit has at least one flexibly formed liquid reservoir and / or a pump piston working space, which is connected to the liquid reservoir via a suction valve and / or a liquid channel leading from the pump piston working chamber to the coupling unit and / or a liquid recycling unit having a liquid recycling channel having a first end connected to the liquid reservoir and a second end connected to the liquid channel and / or a movable closure body, which is adapted to redirect the liquid flow in the liquid channel in the liquid return passage on.
  • Flexible in this sense is understood to be a soft, movable, for example deformable reservoir. This can be formed, for example, from a rubber or plastic material. As a material are in particular with respect to the hydraulic fluid and in particular hydraulic oil, resistant materials.
  • The liquid reservoir is connected to a pump piston working space. The pump piston working space is designed so that the piston of a pump moves back and forth in this. During operation, the piston of the pump acts on the liquid in the working space and pushes / pumps it into the liquid channel. Between the pump piston working space and liquid channel, a check valve is also preferably arranged, which prevents the backflow of the liquid from the liquid passage into the pump piston working space during the backward movement of the pump piston.
  • In order to prevent the occurrence of a vacuum in the pump piston working space during operation by the backward movement of the pump piston, this is connected via an intake valve, which is formed, for example. As a check valve, with the liquid reservoir. The suction valve is designed such that it acts counter to the check valve. That is, as the pump piston slides out of the pump piston chamber, it allows liquid to flow in from the fluid reservoir and closes into the pump piston chamber upon retraction of the pump piston to prevent ingress of the fluid from the pump piston working space into the fluid reservoir.
  • The fluid return unit is configured to return the fluid that has entered the hydraulic tool into the fluid reservoir. In particular, before the hydraulic tool is uncoupled, the fluid in the hydraulic tool should be returned to the fluid reservoir in order to prevent the fluid from escaping from the pressure booster / hydraulic tool. The fluid recycling channel designed for this purpose can be formed and shaped as desired both in the transverse and in the longitudinal direction as well as the liquid channel.
  • The movable closure body is preferably designed such that in a first position (closure position) it closes the fluid return passage and possibly does not impair the free passage of the fluid through the fluid passage. In a second position, the closure body opens the fluid return passage. In this case, a closure rod embodied as a closure body can be designed and arranged in such a way that it enables exclusively the return of the liquid located in the hydraulic tool and / or in the area of the liquid outlet opening into the liquid reservoir. Alternatively, the closure body in its open position also allow a deflection of the liquid flow, so that both the liquid located in the hydraulic tool and in the region of the liquid outlet opening and the liquid pumped from the liquid reservoir are guided back into the liquid reservoir. As a result, it is, for example. It is possible that, even in the case of an accidentally triggered pumping movement of the pump piston, the fluid pumped thereby into the fluid channel is returned to the fluid reservoir.
  • The closure body is preferably equipped with a lever which can be manually actuated by a user of the pressure booster and which shifts the closure body from a first position (closure position) to a second position (opening position). For this purpose, the closure body can, for example, be mounted on a spring in order to return to its closing position when the lever is relieved.
  • In order to achieve a particularly secure closure of the liquid return channel, the closure body preferably has a conically shaped closure section which is designed to engage in and close an opening of the liquid return channel.
  • According to a development of the invention, the pneumatic unit has a cylinder unit with a piston working space and a piston unit, wherein the piston unit has a working piston which can be adjusted from a starting position to an end position and the working piston has at least one ventilation duct passing through the working piston and / or a spring-loaded, from a closing piston. in an open position adjustable control piston, which is designed to open the venting channel or close and / or a supply channel, which is connected at a first end to a working space of the control piston, on.
  • The piston working space is preferably formed by a cylinder housing of the cylinder unit. The piston unit is disposed in the piston working space and adapted to move back and forth between two positions, the home position and the end position. For this purpose, a motion guide of the piston unit preferably takes place on an inner wall of the cylinder housing.
  • In order to move the piston unit from a starting position to the end position, compressed air is introduced into the piston working space, for example. As a result, a displacement of the piston unit takes place in the piston working space and arises on a first side of the piston unit, a pressurized first part of the piston working space. With the reaching of the end position of the piston working space is divided into a first pressurized part and a second possibly almost unpressurized part.
  • In order to bring about a return of the piston unit to its starting position, the piston unit is pressurized by a spring. In order for the spring to push the piston back, the pressurized first part of the working space must be relieved. For this purpose, a vent channel is arranged in the piston unit, which connects the first part with the second part of the piston working space.
  • The vent channel may be formed and shaped according to the liquid channel. It is closed in the initial position of the piston unit with a first end by the spring-loaded control piston, which is adjustable between a closed or open position, on the side of the pressurized first part of the piston unit. With a second end of the vent passage is connected to the second part of the piston working space.
  • To relax the pressurized first part of the piston working space and to allow the return of the piston unit to the starting position, the control piston is opened during operation, so that the pressure in the pressurized first part can escape through the vent channel and the spring pressure loaded piston unit is pushed back to its original position ,
  • The control piston is, for example, executable as a valve, but is preferably also designed as a piston-cylinder unit. The spool is adapted to be moved back and forth in a spool work space to open or close the vent passage. Furthermore, a feed channel which opens into the control piston working space at one end is formed, which advantageously allows the inflow of a medium, for example air pressure, into the control piston working space.
  • Particularly preferably, at least one bypass channel is formed in the cylinder unit. This can be arbitrarily shaped and formed like the liquid channels, but Favor is prepared as a recess, circumferential groove or bore in a cylinder wall of the cylinder unit. The bypass passage is connected to the supply passage of the spool working space and allows, depending on the position of the piston unit in the piston working space, the inflow of, for example, compressed air from the first part of the piston working space into the control piston working space.
  • The bypass channel is preferably arranged such that it is opened to the first part of the piston working chamber only when the piston unit is at least approximately in the end position. The connection to the supply channel may be permanent or also opened depending on the position of the piston unit in the piston working space. This makes it possible in an advantageous manner to relax the pressurized first part of the working space, whereby the Piston unit can be easily returned from its final position to its original position.
  • According to a development of the invention, the pneumatic unit has a pump unit, with a connected to the piston unit, adjustable between a starting position and an end position, reaching into the hydraulic unit pump piston and connected to the pump piston compression spring, which is adapted to a pressing pressure on the piston unit exercise.
  • The connection between the pump piston and the piston unit can, for example. Force and / or positive fit. Thus, for example, it is possible that the pump piston and the piston unit are arranged with only two surfaces together. Also gears between the pump piston and piston unit are possible, which produce a composite, for example. A relatively immovable composite. Due to the bond between piston unit and pump piston, the pump piston moves with a movement of the piston unit. The pump piston is therefore adjustable as the piston unit from a starting position to an end position.
  • The pump piston can, for example, be designed as a ram. Preferably, it is adapted in shape and dimension to the inner wall of the pump piston working space and designed such that it slides back and forth in the pump piston working space.
  • The piston unit is - as already described - pressurized by a spring which allows a return of the piston unit to its original position. The compression spring can be designed such that it acts, for example, on a front side of a base plate of the pump piston, wherein the front side of the opposite rear side of the base plate is in contact with the piston unit.
  • As a result, it is structurally possible in a particularly simple manner to return both the piston unit and the pump piston to the starting position with a compression spring.
  • According to one embodiment of the invention, the pneumatic unit has at least one compressed air supply unit, the at least one for adjusting a gas or air volume flowing into the pneumatic unit formed flow control valve and / or a gas or air supply channel occlusive opening valve and / or a pressure reducer for setting a in the Pneumatic unit incoming gas or air pressure which is integrally formed with the handling device comprises.
  • For adjusting the operating speed of the pressure booster, a flow control valve is formed on the compressed air supply unit. This is adjustable, for example. Screw-arranged and can change the volume of the supplied compressed air. About the volume change of the working stroke (working speed) of the pneumatic unit is regulated. The flow control valve is, for example, designed such that it engages in the inlet opening of a gas or air supply duct and increases or reduces its cross-section.
  • The preferably arranged opening valve serves to open a gas and air supply channel and thus also to control the pressure booster. The opening valve allows the gas or air supply to be switched on or off in the pneumatic unit. The opening valve is preferably designed so that it enters the pneumatic unit in the opening position air / gas, whereby the pneumatic unit can begin its duty cycle and locked in the closed position the gas or air supply passage, so that no work is performed in the pressure booster.
  • The opening valve is preferably operable with a lever operable by the user of the pressure booster. This allows a particularly simple and manual operation of the portable pressure booster by the user.
  • The pressure reducer serves to regulate the inlet pressure of the inflowing medium into the pneumatic unit. The intensifier boosts the inlet pressure via its pneumatic-hydraulic system. For example, translations from 1:50 to 1: 100, possibly up to 1: 200, are possible. At a high input pressure, a particularly high output pressure is generated accordingly. For example. Depending on the size of the intensifier, ratios below 1:50 or above 1: 200 are possible. The efficiency of the pressure reducer is preferably between 75% to 90%, advantageously between 80% to 85%.
  • Particularly preferably, the pressure booster is operated with an inlet pressure of 2-16 bar, preferably with a working pressure of 6 bar. In order to allow the greatest possible independence of the intensifier from external devices, the pressure reducer is formed integrally with the handling unit. Integral in this sense is to be understood in accordance with the pre-defined integral nature of the handling unit.
  • According to one embodiment of the invention, the handling unit has a weight between 0.5 kg and 10 kg, preferably between 0.75 kg and 6 kg, more preferably between 1.0 kg and 4 kg, advantageously between 1.25 kg and 2.5 kg and preferably between 1.5 kg and 2.25 kg, and / or a length between 120 mm and 400 mm, preferably between 140 mm between 350 mm, more preferably between 160 mm and 300 mm, advantageously between 180 mm and 275 mm and preferably and 200 mm between 250 mm.
  • The particular advantage of the low weight and / or the short length is the special mobility and portability of the pressure booster. Due to the low weight, a single user can use the intensifier particularly easily. Possibly. even one-handed use is possible.
  • The particularly short length of the handling unit also allows the user easy handling and the use of the pressure booster or a hydraulic tool used with the pressure booster in particularly narrow areas of production.
  • Another application, which is advantageously made possible in particular due to the low weight and the short length of the handling unit, is, for example, the use of the handling unit in the field of body scissors or body splitter for rescue operations.
  • In the following, embodiments of the invention will be explained in more detail with reference to figures. In the figures show:
  • 1 a schematic cross section of an embodiment of the inventive pressure intensifier;
  • 2 a schematic cross section of a coupling unit and a liquid recycling unit 1 ;
  • 3 a schematic cross section of a handling unit 1 with a working piston in a starting position;
  • 4 a schematic cross section of a handling unit 1 with a working piston in an end position;
  • 5 a schematic cross section of a handling unit 1 , with an open control piston;
  • 6 a schematic cross section of a handling unit 1 with a working piston in a recirculating position;
  • 7 a schematically illustrated cross section through a coupling unit 1 ,
  • 1 shows an embodiment of a pressure intensifier according to the invention 1 with a handling unit 2 that consists of a coupling unit 3 , a hydraulic unit 4 and a pneumatic unit 5 consists. Furthermore, one is integral with the handling unit 2 trained pressure reducer 6 and a not connected to the pressure booster hydraulic tool 7 , the one to the coupling unit 3 corresponding coupling element 8th has shown.
  • The pressure intensifier 1 is circular in cross-section and has in common with the pressure reducer 6 a length of 275 mm +/- 10 mm and a weight of about 2 kg +/- 200 g. An alternative without pressure reducer 6 trained pressure intensifier 1 has a length of 220 mm +/- 10 mm and a weight of 1.8 kg +/- 200 g.
  • At the pressure reducer 6 is a compressed air connection 9 that with an air duct 10 is connected, trained. The air supply duct 10 leads through the pressure reducer 6 via a flow control valve 11 and via an opening valve 12 in a piston workroom 13 a cylinder unit 13a , The pressure reducer 6 , the air supply duct 10 , the flow control valve 11 and the opening valve 12 are part of the compressed air supply unit 6b ,
  • The flow control valve 11 is designed as a cylindrically shaped valve for screwing. A first end of the flow control valve 11 is designed as a handle. A second end of the flow control valve 11 is pointed and tapered and formed in a duct 15 of the air supply channel 10 arranged. By screwing in or unscrewing the flow control valve 11 is the opening cross section of the feedthrough channel 15 influenceable, which in the piston working space 13 penetrating air volume is adjustable.
  • The opening valve 12 is spring-mounted and for closing the air supply duct 10 with a conical valve seat 12a educated. About one on the opening valve 12 arranged lever 12b is the opening valve 12 displaceable against the spring force, so that the conical valve seat 12a the air supply duct 10 opens and the compressed air through the air supply duct 10 in the piston work space 13 can flow in. The lever 12b is from a safety bar 12c surrounded in order to inadvertently open the opening valve 12 to prevent.
  • The cylinder unit 13a has a cylinder housing 13b on, that the piston workspace 13 a working piston 14 encloses. The working piston 14 is in operation between a starting position and an end position back and forth movable. Shown is the working piston 14 in the final position. The piston workspace 13 is through the working piston 14 in a first part 16 into the air supply duct 10 opens and can be acted upon with compressed air and a second part 17 separated.
  • The working piston 14 is constructed of several structures and corresponds to the piston unit (not designated here). He has a work surface 18 that for the first part 16 of the piston working space 13 , and a connection surface 19 that's the second part 17 of the piston working space 13 is aligned, up. At the work surface 18 is one in the working piston 14 extending valve arranged here as a control piston 20 with a spool work space 21 executed. The control piston 20 is mounted on a compression spring and in its spool work space 21 moved back and forth. The control piston 20 closes one under the work surface 18 arranged ventilation duct 22 who is the first part 16 with the second part 17 of the piston working space 13 combines.
  • In the movement axis direction of the working piston 14 considered varies its outer diameter. While he is each in the area of the work surface 18 and the interface 19 on an inside 13c of the cylinder housing 13b is applied, the cross section is slightly smaller in an area between these contact surfaces, so that a working piston 14 Coaxially surrounding air duct 23 is trained.
  • The air duct 23 is on the one hand with a working piston 14 arranged, the air duct 23 with the spool work space 21 connecting supply channel 49 (S. 3 - 6 ) connected. The other is the air duct 23 with one in the inside 13c of the cylinder housing 13b arranged bypass channel 25 in connection. The feed channel 49 is as a bore in the working piston 14 , the bypass channel 25 as on the inside 13c of the cylinder housing 13b formed circumferential recess.
  • The bypass channel 25 is so on the inside 13c arranged that in the end position of the working piston 14 , an outer end (the work surface 18 ) of the working piston 14 , above the bypass channel 25 is arranged and the bypass channel 25 in addition to the air duct 23 with the first part 16 of the piston working space 13 connected is.
  • As a result, in the end position (or already in the area shortly before reaching the end position) of the working piston 14 a flow from the first part 16 of the piston working space 13 through the bypass channel 25 , the air duct 23 and the supply channel 49 in the spool work space 21 possible.
  • Furthermore, the shows 1 one at the interface 19 of the working piston 14 arranged pump piston 26 , The pump piston 26 has a base plate 27 on that at the interface 19 of the working piston 14 is applied.
  • The pump piston 26 is in the second part 17 of the piston working space 13 in a guided tour 28 stored. With one of the base plate 27 opposite end of the pump piston engages 26 in the hydraulic unit 4 and here in a pump-jack workroom 29 one. To the leadership 28 is a compression spring 30 arranged on the base plate 27 rests and thus a pressure on the working piston 14 exercises.
  • Further, a pump piston housing 50 holding the pump piston work space 29 encloses, arranged. The pump piston housing 50 is as a guide for the pump piston 26 educated.
  • In the hydraulic unit 4 is a liquid reservoir 32 enclosing rubber membrane 31 arranged. The liquid reservoir 32 is about one in the pump piston housing 50 arranged intake valve 33 with the pump piston workspace 29 connected.
  • From the pump piston workspace 29 leads a fluid channel 34 to the coupling unit 3 , The fluid channel 34 ends at a liquid outlet 35 passing through an exhaust valve 36 is closed.
  • Immediately after the pump piston work space 29 is the fluid channel 34 through a check valve 37 interrupted, which is the backflow of liquid from the hydraulic tool 7 / Liquid channel 34 into the pump piston workspace 29 prevented.
  • In the transition area between the hydraulic unit 4 and the coupling unit 3 is a fluid recycling unit 38 arranged. This consists of a closure body 39 that has a lever 40 is manually movable and a fluid return channel 41 , with a first end in the fluid channel 34 and a second end (not shown) in the liquid reservoir 32 ends.
  • 2 shows a section of the coupling unit 3 and the liquid recycling unit 38 out 1 , The liquid outlet opening 35 is circular in cross section and formed like a nozzle. It is made by one with a spring 42 mounted exhaust valve 36 locked. The outlet valve 36 has a sealing ring in the region of the outlet opening 43 on.
  • The illustrated coupling unit 3 shows a coupling ring 44 coaxial with the outlet opening 35 is arranged. The coupling ring 44 has openings 45 for receiving ball detents (not shown here) on.
  • The closure body 39 the liquid recycling device 38 is with a compression spring 46 in the fluid channel 34 is arranged, stored. The closure body has a trapezoidal switch 47 on, in a closed position of the closure body 39 the fluid return passage 41 closes. In the open position (not shown here) is the closure body 39 against the spring force of the compression spring 46 pressed, causing the conical switch 47 the fluid return passage 41 free and both the liquid from the liquid channel 34 as well as in the fluid channel 34 returning fluid from the hydraulic tool (not shown here) in the fluid return passage 41 deflects.
  • 3 shows the working piston 14 in the starting position, with his work surface 18 on a side wall 5a the pneumatic unit 5 is applied. The control piston 20 is in a closed position and closes the in the working piston 14 arranged ventilation duct 22 , The feed channel 49 joins the spool work space 21 with the air duct 23 ,
  • The compression spring 30 presses against the working piston 14 fitting base plate 27 the pump piston 26 , The piston workspace 13 of the working piston 14 is in the starting position exclusively by the second part 17 of the piston working space 13 educated. The second part 17 is connected to a silencer, which allows the escape of air from the second part 17 of the piston working space 13 allows.
  • The pump piston 26 is also in its starting position. The pump piston workspace 29 is filled with liquid, here hydraulic oil. The pump piston workspace 29 is through one opposite the liquid reservoir 32 enclosed housing 50 educated. In the case 50 is the intake valve 33 for sucking the liquid from the liquid reservoir 32 in the fluid workroom 29 arranged.
  • 4 shows the working piston 14 is his final position. The piston workspace 13 is through the second part 17 and the pressurized first part 16 educated. During operation, the piston working space fills up 21 of the control piston 20 over the feed channel 49 , the air duct 23 and the bypass channel 25 with compressed air from the first part 16 and pushes the spool 20 from the work surface 18 of the working piston 14 out (see 5 ).
  • As a result, the access between the compressed air filled first part 16 and the venting channel 22 open. The compressed air in the first part 16 escapes through the venting channel 22 in the second part 17 from which they go via the silencer 48 can escape.
  • Due to the decreasing pressure in the first part 16 and the one by the spring 30 on the working piston 14 acting force is the working piston 14 pushed back to its original position. This pushes the working piston 14 over the bypass channel 25 and closes this, leaving no more air from the first part 16 over the bypass channel 25 in the piston work space 21 can penetrate.
  • Just before reaching the end position of the working piston 14 becomes the control piston 20 back to the workspace 18 pushed in and the venting channel 22 closed (see 6 ).
  • As in 4 is shown in the end position of the working piston 14 also the pump piston 26 in its final position and has the hydraulic oil from the pump piston working space 29 in the fluid channel 34 and through the check valve 37 pushed.
  • With the backward movement of the working piston 14 is also the pump piston 26 moved back to its original position. This arises in the piston working space 29 a negative pressure through which the liquid from the liquid reservoir 32 through the intake valve 33 into the pump piston workspace 29 is sucked in.
  • 7 shows a cross section through a coupling unit with coaxially arranged ball detents 52 and a coupling ring 44 , The coupling ring 44 has openings 45 on that through the ball stop body 52 are closed. The ball stop body 52 and the openings 45 in the coupling ring 44 are so matched to each other, that in the openings 45 enclosed ball detent body 52 through the openings 45 through from an inside 53 of the coupling ring 44 protrude.
  • A locking ring 51 is coaxial around the coupling ring 44 arranged so that between the locking ring 51 and the coupling ring 44 a cavity 54 is formed, in which the ball detent 52 are arranged. The locking ring 51 indicates on its inner surface 56 at a distance of 45 ° to each other arranged recesses 55 on. The locking ring 51 is rotatably supported by at least 22.5 °. Alternatively, the distance of the ball detent can also be formed larger or smaller than 45 °, wherein the minimum rotation of the locking ring is adjusted accordingly.
  • 7 shows the lock ring 51 in a closed position. The inner surface 56 of the locking ring lies against the ball detents 52 and secures the position of the ball detent in the opening 45 of the coupling ring 44 , To the locking ring 51 To move it to its opening position, it is rotated by 22.5 ° counterclockwise or clockwise. In the opening position are the recesses 55 above the ball stop body 52 so that these are out of the openings 45 out into the recesses 55 are movable.

Claims (11)

  1. Portable pressure intensifier ( 1 ) for driving replaceable hydraulic tools ( 7 ), with - a gas or air pressure driven pneumatic unit ( 5 ), - one with the pneumatic unit ( 5 ) connected hydraulic unit ( 4 ), - a coupling unit ( 3 ) for immovable and detachable connection of the hydraulic tool ( 7 ) to the hydraulic unit ( 4 ), the pneumatic unit ( 5 ), the hydraulic unit ( 4 ) and the coupling unit ( 3 ) to a one-piece mobile handling unit ( 2 ) are summarized.
  2. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the coupling unit ( 3 ) is adjustable between an unlocking position and a locking position, wherein in an unlocking position the hydraulic tool ( 7 ) from the coupling unit ( 3 ) is separable or connectable with this and in the locking position the hydraulic tool ( 7 ) relative to the coupling unit ( 3 ) is fixed.
  3. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the coupling unit ( 3 ) - at least one adjustable between an unlocking position and a locking position locking element, in particular a ball detent body ( 52 ) and - has at least one adjustable between a closure position and an opening position blocking element fixing, wherein the blocking element fixation in the closed position fixes the blocking element in the locking position and in the open position the locking element between the unlocked position and the locking position is adjustable.
  4. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 3, characterized in that the coupling unit ( 3 ) has a ball lock, wherein in particular - a locking ring ( 51 ) formed between the open position and the closure position adjustable locking element fixing and a coupling ring ( 44 ) are arranged coaxially and - between an inner side of the locking ring ( 51 ) and an outer side of the coupling ring ( 44 ) a for receiving the ball detent body ( 52 ) designed cavity ( 54 ) is formed and - the coupling ring ( 44 ) an opening ( 45 ) with respect to the ball detent body ( 52 ) has smaller diameter and - the locking ring ( 51 ) a bulge for at least partially receiving the ball detent ( 52 ), wherein the locking ring ( 51 ), the ball detent body ( 52 ) and the coupling ring ( 44 ) are matched to one another in such a way that - in the closed position of the ball detent body ( 52 ) in sections in the opening ( 45 ) is arranged and from an inside ( 53 ) of the coupling ring ( 44 ) protrudes and from the locking ring ( 51 ) is positionally secured in this locking position and - in the open position of the ball detent ( 52 ) is displaceable in the unlocking position.
  5. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the coupling unit ( 3 ) at least one with an outlet valve ( 36 ) closable and with a fluid channel ( 34 ) connected to the liquid outlet opening ( 35 ) having.
  6. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the hydraulic unit ( 4 ) at least - a flexibly formed liquid reservoir ( 32 ) and / or - a pump piston work space ( 29 ), which has an intake valve ( 33 ) with the liquid reservoir ( 32 ) and / or - one of the pump piston work space ( 29 ), to the coupling unit ( 3 ) leading liquid channel ( 34 ) and / or - a liquid recycling unit ( 38 ) with a fluid return channel ( 41 ) having a first end with the liquid reservoir ( 32 ) and with a second end to the liquid channel ( 34 ) and / or - a movable closure body ( 39 ), which is adapted to the liquid flow in the liquid channel ( 34 ) into the fluid return channel ( 41 ) deflect.
  7. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the pneumatic unit ( 5 ) a cylinder unit ( 13a ) with a piston working space ( 13 ) and an adjustable from a starting position to an end position piston unit / piston ( 14 ), wherein the piston unit / piston ( 14 ) at least one of the working pistons ( 14 ) passing through the ventilation channel ( 22 ) and or A spring-mounted control piston which can be adjusted from a closure position into an open position ( 20 ), which is adapted to the venting channel ( 22 ) to open or close and / or - a supply channel ( 49 ), which has a first end with a working space ( 21 ) of the control piston ( 20 ) is connected.
  8. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 1, characterized in that in the cylinder unit ( 13a ) at least one bypass channel ( 25 ) is trained.
  9. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the pneumatic unit ( 5 ) has a pumping unit, with - one with a working piston ( 14 ), adjustable between a starting position and an end position, in the hydraulic unit ( 4 ) pumping pistons ( 26 ) and - one with the pump piston ( 26 ) connected compression spring ( 30 ) which is designed to apply a pressing pressure to the working piston ( 14 ) exercise.
  10. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the pneumatic unit ( 5 ) at least one compressed air supply unit ( 6b ) having at least - one for adjusting one in the pneumatic unit ( 5 ) inflowing gas or air volume formed flow control valve ( 11 ) and / or - an opening valve closing a gas or air supply channel ( 12 ) and / or - a pressure reducer ( 6 ) for adjusting one in the pneumatic unit ( 5 ) incoming gas or air pressure, which is integral with the handling unit ( 2 ) is formed.
  11. Portable pressure intensifier according to claim 1, characterized in that the handling unit ( 2 ) - a weight between 0.5 kg and 10 kg, preferably between 0.75 kg and 6 kg, more preferably between 1.0 kg and 4 kg, advantageously between 1.25 kg and 2.5 kg and preferably between 1, 5 kg and 2.25 kg, and / or - a length between 120 mm and 400 mm, preferably between 140 mm and 350 mm, more preferably between 160 mm and 300 mm, advantageously between 180 mm and 275 mm and preferably between 200 mm and 250 mm.
DE202012100010U 2011-07-25 2012-01-03 Pressure intensifier Active DE202012100010U1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

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DE102011052115.1A DE102011052115B4 (en) 2011-07-25 2011-07-25 Pressure intensifier
DE102011052115.1 2011-07-25
DE202012100010U DE202012100010U1 (en) 2011-07-25 2012-01-03 Pressure intensifier

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202012100010U DE202012100010U1 (en) 2011-07-25 2012-01-03 Pressure intensifier

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2564949A3 (en) * 2011-08-31 2013-08-21 WSEngineering GmbH & Co. KG Riveting device with tiltable head
DE102016116880A1 (en) 2016-09-08 2018-03-08 Tkr Spezialwerkzeuge Gmbh Stationary hydraulic tool supply unit

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102017102756A1 (en) * 2017-02-13 2018-08-16 WS Wieländer + Schill Engineering GmbH & Co. KG Pressure generator and riveting, punching, pressing or drawing tool
DE102017111657B3 (en) 2017-05-29 2018-08-02 Tkr Spezialwerkzeuge Gmbh Pressure intensifier for driving hydraulic tools
WO2019138577A1 (en) * 2018-01-15 2019-07-18 株式会社オグラ Hydraulic actuating device

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US4366673A (en) * 1980-12-23 1983-01-04 Lapp Ellsworth W Hydraulic amplifier
US4497197A (en) * 1983-02-18 1985-02-05 Chicago Pneumatic Tool Company Pneumatic hydraulic hand-held power unit
FR2554038A1 (en) * 1983-10-28 1985-05-03 Pellenc & Motte Portable hydropneumatic tools such secateurs hydropneumatic
JPH11114855A (en) * 1997-10-16 1999-04-27 Max Co Ltd Power generator for hydraulic device
JP3528576B2 (en) * 1998-03-04 2004-05-17 マックス株式会社 Hydraulic-pneumatic tools
DE102004007684C5 (en) * 2004-02-16 2010-01-07 Minibooster Hydraulics A/S Portable hydraulic tool
DE202010017206U1 (en) * 2010-01-29 2011-04-28 Rennsteig Werkzeuge Gmbh Hydraulically powered hand tool

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2564949A3 (en) * 2011-08-31 2013-08-21 WSEngineering GmbH & Co. KG Riveting device with tiltable head
EP3311935A1 (en) * 2011-08-31 2018-04-25 WS Wieländer + Schill Engineering GmbH & Co. KG Riveting device
DE102016116880A1 (en) 2016-09-08 2018-03-08 Tkr Spezialwerkzeuge Gmbh Stationary hydraulic tool supply unit
DE102016116880B4 (en) 2016-09-08 2018-03-22 Tkr Spezialwerkzeuge Gmbh Stationary hydraulic tool supply unit

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Publication number Publication date
DE102011052115A1 (en) 2013-01-31
DE102011052115B4 (en) 2015-02-19
EP2551529A3 (en) 2014-04-02
EP2551529A2 (en) 2013-01-30
EP2551529B1 (en) 2017-04-05

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