CN2804228Y - New structural building blocks - Google Patents

New structural building blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2804228Y
CN2804228Y CN 200520023069 CN200520023069U CN2804228Y CN 2804228 Y CN2804228 Y CN 2804228Y CN 200520023069 CN200520023069 CN 200520023069 CN 200520023069 U CN200520023069 U CN 200520023069U CN 2804228 Y CN2804228 Y CN 2804228Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
building block
new
building
depression
projection
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200520023069
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
乌兰
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乌兰
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Priority to CN 200520023069 priority Critical patent/CN2804228Y/en
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Publication of CN2804228Y publication Critical patent/CN2804228Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model provides a building block which is in a novel structure. The utility model can realize rapid masonry and can ensure the intensity and the performance for resisting shear of a masonry object. The utility model is characterized in that both sides of the building block are respectively provided with an embedding type connection structure; a plurality of pore canals are arranged in the building block. The utility model has the functions of simple and reasonable structure, rapid and exact stacking, neat appearance of a wall which is built, good intensity and rigidity of the wall, heat preservation and sound deadening.

Description

The building block of new structure

Technical field

The utility model provides a kind of building block, but a kind of building block with fast placing of new structure particularly is provided.

Background technology

For a long time, building all is to adopt the loam brick masonry technology.But for the purpose of protection land resources, energy-saving and environmental protection, the production and the application of loam brick at present is greatly limited.And, the building that the use loam brick is built by laying bricks or stones is owing to be subjected to the influence of loam brick self mechanical performance, all there are very big hidden danger in its security performance and shock resistance, in addition, its insulation of body of wall and the decorate properties that adopt loam brick to build by laying bricks or stones are relatively poor, need set up insulation layer and architectural surface, especially in the construction of exterior wall, insulation and decorative effect are even more important, and this makes that not only the construction period is tediously long, and building costs also increases greatly.

Building operations at present generally all is to adopt the concreting structural framing, separates architectural space with various light materials or prefabricated plate again.In the concrete block masonry made from light material during exterior wall, its construction technology and traditional loam brick do not have substantive difference, and it is poor still to exist anti-shear performance, insulation and ornamental bad, need set up insulation layer and architectural surface in addition, make the construction period prolong simultaneously and the construction cost increasing.

The utility model content

In order to overcome deficiency and the defective that exists in the existing construction technology, the utility model provides a kind of not only can realizing fast placing but also guaranteeing to build by laying bricks or stones the building block of thing intensity and anti-shear performance of new structure that have.

The utility model also provides a kind of body of wall that adopts above-mentioned building block to construct.

Technical conceive of the present utility model is as follows: by offering through hole at the building block middle part, and be provided with in the both sides of building block can be chimeric tenon groove structure, in building process, laterally interconnect by tenon groove structure between the building block, the through hole that distributes simultaneously thereon is vertically corresponding mutually, piles up to finish placing of concrete mortar in the corresponding mutually through hole in building block when body of wall or cylinder, wait to water concrete mortar final set wherein, body of wall or column structure are promptly constructed and are finished.

The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:

A kind of building block of new structure is characterized in that: described building block both sides are provided with the mosaic syndeton, also are provided with a plurality of ducts in the described building block.

At least have two through holes in the described duct and also be distributed in the building block two ends respectively in order to the concrete perfusion mortar.

Described syndeton is that adjacent two building blocks have suitable depression or projection respectively.

Described depression that is positioned at building block one side or projection can be one or several.

Described several depressions or the projection that is positioned at building block the same side can be depression and protruding any permutation and combination.

Described depression or projection are swallow-tail form tenon groove structure or circular arc tenon groove structure.

Described building block inside is provided with insulation layer and wire gauze.

Described insulation layer is that rock wool or polyphenyl material are made, and described wire gauze is a stainless steel cloth.

Described building block is that all kinds of cement, magnesite material and modified composite material thereof or other suitable molded building structural materials are made.

A kind of body of wall that adopts building block as claimed in claim 1 to construct, described body of wall is made up of building block basic and that build by laying bricks or stones above this basis, it is characterized in that: described building block takes the mode of interfolded to be provided with, and the building block that is positioned at layer links to each other by the mosaic syndeton of its both sides is chimeric successively respectively, the pouring of each layer building block communicates in vertical direction successively with through hole, be provided with steel pipe or reinforcing bar in the through hole, described steel pipe or reinforcing bar link to each other with basic fixed, are provided with in the described through hole through the made concrete column of placing of concrete mortar.

The utility model is owing to adopt the building block both sides that syndeton is set, particularly adopt swallow-tail form tenon groove structure or circular arc tenon groove structure, when piling up building block, syndeton can guarantee that not only each adjacent block can firmly connect, but also can play quick positioning action, conveniently piles up construction, make that pile up operation becomes simple and the adjacent position stacks accurately, can effectively improve efficiency of construction, guarantee institute's masonry panel or cylinder flat appearance, reduce the workload that it repairs metope or cylinder.

In addition owing in the building block of the present utility model, be provided with a plurality of ducts, wherein have at least two lay respectively at the building block two ends, in order to the through hole of placing of concrete mortar.Such structure can alleviate the weight of building block itself effectively on the one hand and strengthen the rigidity and the anti-shear performance of building block; On the other hand, because the building block two ends are respectively arranged with the through hole in order to the placing of concrete mortar, can be when piling up building block, adopt the building block of levels to be staggeredly placed respectively, and make its pouring through hole all be on the same straight line and up/down perforation, can once water multi-layer building block simultaneously during the placing of concrete mortar, improve efficiency of construction widely, and through concrete mortar pouring and solidify, greatly improve intensity and rigidity and the antidetonation and the anti-shear performance of masonry panel or cylinder.

For the intensity that further improves masonry panel or cylinder and rigidity with and anti-shearing and anti-seismic performance, preset in advance steel pipe on the ground of body of wall or cylinder, the position of default steel pipe should be consistent with the pouring through hole in the building block, to guarantee in the building process, steel pipe can accurately pass through hole, when build by laying bricks or stones finish after, by placing of concrete mortar in through hole, make concrete and default steel pipe strong bonded after solidifying, can improve intensity and the rigidity and the anti-shearing and anti-seismic performance of masonry panel or cylinder better.

In the building block of the present utility model, owing to be provided with a plurality of ducts, wherein the part duct is in building construction, do not need placing of concrete, so just can guarantee that body of wall or cylinder have under the situation of enough mechanical performances, effectively alleviate the weight of building back wall or cylinder by laying bricks or stones, on this structure weight to alleviate for the security performance of improving building be very useful, particularly in highrise building, the good effect that it brought is more obvious, can also reduce simultaneously and remove transhipment defeated expense and intensity.

In the utility model scheme, because building block inside also is provided with insulation layer, when blockwork, heat insulating material such as rock wool or polyphenyl plate are laid wherein in advance, after building block was molded and shaped, the solid Liu Qinei of heat insulating material formed insulation layer.This not only can improve heat-insulating property of the present utility model, and this insulation layer also has good performance muffler simultaneously.So the body of wall or the cylinder that use the utility model to build by laying bricks or stones, naturally have good insulation and performance muffler, under some particular cases, body of wall or the heat insulation effect of cylinder and the performance indications that performance muffler can reach its requirement fully of using this concrete block masonry to form can be incubated in addition with noise reduction and handle.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation when the utlity model has the swallow-tail form syndeton;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation when the utlity model has the circular arc syndeton;

Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation that the utlity model has combined connecting structure;

Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation that the utlity model has combined connecting structure;

Fig. 5 is a kind of structural representation that the utlity model has combined connecting structure;

Fig. 6 is a kind of structural representation that the utlity model has combined connecting structure;

Fig. 7 is the generalized section of Fig. 1;

Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram that adopts the body of wall that the utility model building block constructs.

Reference numeral lists as follows:

The 1-building block, 2-fill orifice, 3-dovetail, 4-dovetail groove, 5-duct, 6-circular arc tenon, 7-arc groove, 8-insulation layer, 9-gauze wire cloth, 10-steel pipe, 11-basis.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is further described.

As shown in Figure 1, building block 1 is a rectangular structure, but it is not limited to cuboid, also can or have the curved surface block of radian for square.Curved building block 1 is mainly used to the curved walls of building cylinder by laying bricks or stones or having radian.

Building block 1 is evenly distributed with three cylindrical bore along its length, is respectively the duct 5 that is positioned at building block 1 middle part, and duct 5 bilateral symmetry are distributed with fill orifice 2.Duct 5 and fill orifice 2 also can be made polygon or oval duct.5 both sides, duct also can be provided with plural fill orifice 2 respectively, and each fill orifice 2 that is positioned at homonymy is symmetrically distributed all to be axle apart from these side 1/4th length places.

The two sides of building block 1 are respectively arranged with dovetail 3 and dovetail groove 4, dovetail 3 and dovetail groove 4 have adaptive cross sectional shape mutually, when masonry panel or cylinder, between each building block 1 by dovetail 3 and dovetail groove 4 chimeric successively mutually be connected in aggregates, and the building block 1 of upper and lower layer is alternately staggered, and its fill orifice 2 in correspondence with each other.

Syndeton in order to joint block 1 can also be the tenon groove structure of circular arc, as shown in Figure 2.The both sides of building block 1 are respectively arranged with circular arc tenon 6 and arc groove 7, and circular arc tenon 6 and arc groove 7 have adaptive former arc section mutually, and its job practices is identical with building block 1 shown in Figure 1.

The side of building block 1 also can be provided with two or more syndetons, and the form of its syndeton can be any combination of dovetail 3, dovetail groove 4, circular arc tenon 6 and arc groove 7, as Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6.

Fig. 7 is the generalized section of building block 1.Inside in building block 1, be provided with insulation layer 8, insulation layer 8 general rock wool or the polyphenyl plate of adopting are made, in order to improve because building block 1 intensity that insulation layer 8 brought and the reduction of rigidity are set, the one or both sides of insulation layer 8 are provided with gauze wire cloth 9, gauze wire cloth 9 also can be made by other metal material, gets rusty or corrodes and cause losing efficacy for fear of gauze wire cloth 9, and gauze wire cloth 9 can adopt stainless steel to make.

Fig. 8 is the body of wall schematic diagram that adopts the utility model building block to construct.Its structure comprises basis 11, stackedly is arranged at the building block 1 on this basis and is preset in steel pipe 10 on this basis, and steel pipe 10 also can be replaced by reinforcing bar.Its construction process is as follows: treating place, walling body position, construct basis 11 earlier, embedded steel tube 10 on basis 1, the position of steel pipe 10 and quantity are by the size and the quantity decision of building block 1, the fill orifice 2 of building block 1 is inserted in steel pipe 10, and tenon, the groove of adjacent block 1 plugged together, after one deck building block 1 combination is finished, carry out second layer operation again, up to reaching the height that body of wall is set, then concrete mortar is poured into by the upper end while stirring along each fill orifice 2, after the concrete mortar perfusion is full, treat to get final product after it solidifies fully.

For constructing of cylinder, adopt circular arc building block 1, carry out constructing operation according to above-mentioned wall constructed job practices.

The above only is a preferred implementation of the present utility model.Should be pointed out that for a person skilled in the art,, can also make a lot of distortion and improvement, but these distortion and improvement all will fall into protection domain of the present utility model according to invention spirit of the present utility model and essence.

Claims (10)

1. the building block of a new structure is characterized in that: described building block both sides are provided with the mosaic syndeton, also are provided with a plurality of ducts in the described building block.
2. the building block of a kind of new structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: have two through holes in order to the concrete perfusion mortar in the described duct at least and also be distributed in the building block two ends respectively.
3. the building block of a kind of new structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described syndeton is that adjacent two building blocks have suitable depression or projection respectively.
4. the building block of a kind of new structure as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that: described depression that is positioned at building block one side or projection can be one or several.
5. the building block of a kind of new structure as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that: described several depressions or the projection that is positioned at building block the same side can be depression and protruding any permutation and combination.
6. as the building block of the described any new structure of claim 3-5, it is characterized in that: described depression or projection are swallow tail shaped slot tenon structure or circular arc tenon groove structure.
7. the building block of a kind of new structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described building block inside is provided with insulation layer and wire gauze.
8. the building block of a kind of new structure as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: described insulation layer is that rock wool or polyphenyl material are made, and described wire gauze is a stainless steel cloth.
9. the building block of a kind of new structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described building block is all kinds of cement, magnesite material and modified composite material thereof or other suitable molded building structural materials.
10. body of wall that adopts building block as claimed in claim 1 to construct, described body of wall is made up of building block basic and that build by laying bricks or stones above this basis, it is characterized in that: described building block takes the mode of interfolded to be provided with, and the building block that is positioned at layer links to each other by the mosaic syndeton of its both sides is chimeric successively respectively, the pouring of each layer building block communicates in vertical direction successively with through hole, be provided with steel pipe or reinforcing bar in the through hole, described steel pipe or reinforcing bar link to each other with basic fixed, are provided with in the described through hole through the made concrete column of placing of concrete mortar.
CN 200520023069 2005-07-04 2005-07-04 New structural building blocks CN2804228Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520023069 CN2804228Y (en) 2005-07-04 2005-07-04 New structural building blocks

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200520023069 CN2804228Y (en) 2005-07-04 2005-07-04 New structural building blocks

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2804228Y true CN2804228Y (en) 2006-08-09

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102407563A (en) * 2010-09-21 2012-04-11 武汉德欣兴建材有限公司 Double-bar horizontal-hole small-sized concrete hollow block forming machine
CN102912925A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-02-06 沈阳建筑大学 Heat bridge-free self-insulation building block
CN102995812A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-03-27 梁发长 Novel mesh-added light building block
CN103114675A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-22 樊荣 Nested combination brick
CN103255871A (en) * 2012-02-15 2013-08-21 天津三春科技有限公司 Manufacturing technology of plant stem, hull, particle concrete masonry block and wallboard
CN104563376A (en) * 2015-01-04 2015-04-29 温岭市华广建设有限公司 Heat-insulating soundproof brick
CN105133775A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-09 成都市凤庭环能科技有限公司 Hollow brick structure
CN105544841A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-05-04 天津城建大学 High-shear-resistance concrete building block and forming and construction method thereof

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102407563A (en) * 2010-09-21 2012-04-11 武汉德欣兴建材有限公司 Double-bar horizontal-hole small-sized concrete hollow block forming machine
CN103255871A (en) * 2012-02-15 2013-08-21 天津三春科技有限公司 Manufacturing technology of plant stem, hull, particle concrete masonry block and wallboard
CN102995812A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-03-27 梁发长 Novel mesh-added light building block
CN102912925A (en) * 2012-11-06 2013-02-06 沈阳建筑大学 Heat bridge-free self-insulation building block
CN102912925B (en) * 2012-11-06 2016-07-13 沈阳建筑大学 Heat insulation building block without heat bridge
CN103114675A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-22 樊荣 Nested combination brick
CN104563376A (en) * 2015-01-04 2015-04-29 温岭市华广建设有限公司 Heat-insulating soundproof brick
CN105133775A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-09 成都市凤庭环能科技有限公司 Hollow brick structure
CN105544841A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-05-04 天津城建大学 High-shear-resistance concrete building block and forming and construction method thereof
CN105544841B (en) * 2016-01-27 2017-12-22 天津城建大学 High shear resistant concrete building block and its molding construction method

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CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address of the patentee after: 100010, room 71, 901, back street, Dongcheng District Art Museum, Beijing

Address of the patentee before: 100044 Beijing Haidian District Zizhuyuan Road No. 1 Building No. 1 room 1604 renjishanzhuang

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee