CN2803998Y - Logistic work training system - Google Patents

Logistic work training system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2803998Y
CN2803998Y CN 200520026633 CN200520026633U CN2803998Y CN 2803998 Y CN2803998 Y CN 2803998Y CN 200520026633 CN200520026633 CN 200520026633 CN 200520026633 U CN200520026633 U CN 200520026633U CN 2803998 Y CN2803998 Y CN 2803998Y
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CN
China
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unit
goods
substrate holder
fixed
parallel
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CN 200520026633
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李全利
张学武
方强
王岳军
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天津市源峰科技发展公司
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Priority to CN 200520026633 priority Critical patent/CN2803998Y/en
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Publication of CN2803998Y publication Critical patent/CN2803998Y/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a training system for logistics operation, which comprises a mechanical hand assembly and transportation operation unit, a goods automatic recognition buffering operation unit, a stacking operation unit, an automation warehouse operation unit, a vision inspection operation unit, a number marking operation unit, a goods flow direction control operation unit and a container loading operation unit, wherein each operation unit is provided with an SCM circuit and a module type interface of a logic circuit to be used as an electrical wire connection port. Different unit combination is selected, which can realize step configuration. The utility model is suitable for various teaching and training modes, with the advantages of reasonable design, precise structure, easy manufacture and convenient operation. Each system unit goes the whole length to avoid repeating technology, and adds new technology and new content, contains teaching content which relates to the integration of machines, electricity and gas. Due to the adoption of actual industrial components, the gap between a training course and the actual production course can be shortened, and the students' ability of the integrated application of the professional knowledge of multiple subjects can be improved.

Description

Logistics operation training system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of automatic industrial production logistics process teaching apparatus, relates in particular to a kind of logistics operation training system.
Background technology
Tasks such as transportation, storage, loading and unloading material are undertaken in production logistics, traditional production logistics, and facilities and administration is very backward, lacks integrated and systematization.And the modern production logistics system is the comprehensive system of a complexity, and it combines technology such as machinery, electronics, automation, computing machine, management, system analysis.At present, nearly 300 tiered warehouse facility that China has built up has only 30 tiered warehouse facilities to realize full-automation, what adopt substantially is automatic material flow, form automation system by automatic storage system, automatic guided vehicle, electronic scanner and bar code etc., and with robot finish the stacking of material and pack, supervision logistics progress and carry out some process.Automatically conveyor system provides the carrying of material and instrument, has accelerated transporting velocity, has improved logistic efficiency greatly.But also there are many weak points in the production logistics system of China, for example lacks the identification of image graphics identification and literal and color in the checking system.Have again exactly and should set up the container packing system, logistics system and manufacturing system are combined together, make it to form complete production system.Along with the development need of the existing logistics system of China, will require more and more highlyer to the modern logistics talent's demand and level, this will seek advice, and educate must be in advance, and standing in the breach, what will solve is exactly the training means of production logistics system.Developed country is the training aid function singleness of the Fei Situo company of Germany for example, and the price comparison costliness is unsuitable for China's national situation.If directly adopt on-site training, drawback is more, at first is that the every complete equipment floor area of modern production logistics system will reach 1000~3000m 2, the training scene is unsuitable for training too greatly, and training adopts the physical device of tens million of units that training cost is improved greatly.In training process, can't guarantee the safety of the person and equipment.All can cause damage equipment because slip up, influence actual production, even cause start-up's casualty accident in case the parameter setting of equipment made mistakes or in debug.
Summary of the invention
Main purpose of the present utility model is to solve the problem that exists in the automated production logistics teaching, provides a kind of and be fit to various mode of teaching training, shortens gap, the raising student's of training process and actual production process the logistics operation training system of comprehensive application ability of multidisciplinary expertise.
The relation of the logistics system and the manufacturing, as the relation of blood circulation system in the human body and internal organs, logistics system is to manufacture the tie of an organic whole of each link composition, is again the basis that production process is kept continuity.
The technical scheme that its technical matters that solves the utility model adopts is:
Comprise manipulator assembling transport operation unit, goods is discerned the buffering operation unit automatically, the stacking operation unit, the Automatic Warehouse operation unit, the vision-based detection operation unit, beat the sign indicating number operation unit, freight traffic direction control operation unit and filling unit, at least more than one operation unit fabrication process training system, the bottom of each operation unit is provided with the operation unit pedestal, fixedly install the operation unit control panel on the operation unit pedestal, the top of operation unit pedestal is provided with different operation units, captive joint with bolt of rear end plate between operation unit and the operation unit, the actuating unit in the operation unit comprises servomotor, alternating current dynamo, DC machine, stepping motor and cylinder.
The utility model is the physical prototype of logistics operation training, is the equipment of production logistics operation training, is the teaching means of logistics operation training.Each operation unit is made up of different functional modules, and each operation unit can work independently, and is reconfigurable again. and multiple different teaching, training device can be constituted, the step configuration can be carried out as required.
But 8 operation unit isolated operations also can constitute different combinations, the different work unit constitute different training systems, can finish different training contents.The user can select different operation unit combinations according to actual needs voluntarily, carries out the step configuration.
Each operation unit is provided with the electrical wiring mouth of the modular interface of single chip circuit and decision circuit as each device separately, comprising that PLC output is main makes signal and the required line of sensor all directly be connected with switching interface, and the flow direction that flows according to signal information is connected the signal orientation of PLC, sensor and actr with terminal interface.
Design with various interface circuit of intelligent diagnostics function; both simplify wiring, saved the space; brought convenience for again the debugging and the maintenance of system; increased the insulation blocking function of hardware; test function is connected and translation function with signal, is convenient to the setting of various faults, finishes the training of various trouble-shootings; simultaneously the unit formed of each module has the hardware protection function, as the position limitation protection function etc.Once error staties such as logic error, overload, short circuit occur, intelligent protection module can pin output information data, makes the actuating unit of operation training system out of service in operation training system operational process.
The standard interface of each operation unit can dock with industrial computer I/O capture card or PLC or micro controller system or embedded computer and constitute control system, selects different operation units to be combined into the operation training system, carries out step and disposes.
Each system element adopts PLC control respectively, uses PC-LINK network and PROFIBUS fieldbus and realizes entire job training system control and computer management and monitoring.Can finish the overall process such as vanning, carrying, detection, classification, identification, transmission, storage, management, shipping of goods.And can combine with the INTEGRATED LOGISTICS system software, the storage of overall processes such as third-party logistics, materials circulation, commercial logistics, dispensing, transportation, goods loan etc. are carried out Whole Course Management, business operation, role's simulation, optimization etc.
Manipulator assembles the transport operation unit, realizes automatic storage, the automatic assembly of parts, and finished product is passed through belt conveyor, sends into assigned address.By manipulator goods is sent into the vision-based detection operation unit, goods is carried out the identification of figure, image, finished product and waste product by vision detection system, by belt conveyor detected goods is sent into a dozen sign indicating number operation unit, finished product in the various goods and waste product are identified.By belt conveyor it is sent into goods and discerns the buffering operation unit automatically, finished product in the goods and waste product are sent into respectively in the different buffer pools, whenever any one buffer pool wherein, fill 10 after outbound at once.Send into the stacking operation unit by belt conveyor, in the intended manner goods is piled up on pallet, send into the Automatic Warehouse operation unit, by lane formula hoisting crane different goods is put into different three-dimensional storehouses again by chain gear.When goods needs outbound, take out from three-dimensional storehouse by lane formula hoisting crane, by roller chain drives goods is sent into freight traffic direction control operation unit.The lifting mechanism of freight traffic direction control operation unit commutates goods in the intended manner, by roller chain drives goods is sent into the container operation unit again, by the goods propulsive mechanism goods is admitted in the freight container, after freight container is filled goods, transport, place new freight container, circulation repeats operation process.
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit is provided with goods displacement rotating disk mechanism, goods material ejecting mechanism, goods material parallel moving mechanism, container ejecting mechanism, four-axle linked manipulator mechanism and connecting gear.
Side opposing parallel along manipulator assembling transport operation unit fixedly installs connecting gear, one side of one end of connecting gear is provided with goods displacement rotating disk mechanism, the bottom of goods displacement rotating disk mechanism is provided with substrate holder, the bottom of substrate holder is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit, the top of substrate holder is provided with the rotating disk pedestal, the both sides of rotating disk pedestal are oppositely arranged alignment sensor, the top of rotating disk pedestal is provided with rotating disk, the top of rotating disk relatively equidistantly is provided with position, at least four above goods holes, the goods detecting sensor that puts in place respectively is set in the position, goods hole, one side opposing parallel of rotating disk pedestal is provided with positioning cylinder, and the end of positioning cylinder is corresponding with the position, goods hole of rotating disk.
Adopt top rotary table and lower rotary table double-layer structure, spherical guide is set on the lower rotary table, top rotary table is connected by flat key with transmission shaft, drives the top rotary table rotation by motor by gear transmission.Rotation drive goods by top rotary table is done moving of circular path along spherical guide, makes goods along with position, goods hole enters different assembly stations.Change the number of position, top rotary table goods hole, reach the number of required station.The position, goods hole of top rotary table is a through hole, has improved process industrial art performance greatly.Lower rotary table adopts the spherical guide structure, has reduced the friction force between goods and the static load body.
One side of goods displacement rotating disk mechanism is provided with goods material ejecting mechanism, goods material parallel moving mechanism and container ejecting mechanism, the bottom of goods material ejecting mechanism is provided with substrate holder, and the bottom of substrate holder is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit with fixed mechanism.
The upper end warehousing material tower of substrate holder, the bottom of warehousing material tower fixedly installs the goods material and releases positioning table, the goods material is released in the positioning table detecting sensor is set, the sidepiece opposing parallel that the goods material is released positioning table fixedly installs the release cylinder, and an end of releasing cylinder is corresponding with goods material release positioning table.The substrate holder of goods material parallel moving mechanism bottom is fixedly installed on the goods displacement rotating disk mechanism by fixed mechanism, the top opposing parallel of substrate holder is provided with the translation straight line cylinder, the relative vertical fixing in one end of translation straight line cylinder is provided with the goods material and promotes cylinder, and the end that the goods material promotes cylinder is provided with sucker.
Adopt cylinder that prime power is provided, goods in the Multi-layer material-storing cabinet is released, and make goods slip in the position, goods hole of rotating disk mechanism along the chute that has the angle of inclination, for goods is entered in the predetermined position, rotating disk goods hole accurately, must guarantee that goods should be less than position, rotating disk goods hole and goods minimum clearance 0.8 times along the maximum clearance of runner movement, and the angle of inclination of chute must guarantee goods dynamically balanced stability in the downslide process, and goods is slipped in the position, goods hole of rotating disk mechanism assembly station smoothly.
The substrate holder of container ejecting mechanism bottom is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit by fixed mechanism, the top of substrate holder is provided with the warehousing tower, one side opposing parallel of warehousing tower fixedly installs container and releases cylinder, the opposite side of warehousing tower fixedly installs chute, and the warehousing tower is corresponding with chute.
The substrate holder of four-axle linked manipulator mechanism bottom is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit, the top of substrate holder fixedly installs rotating disk mechanism, the relative vertical fixing in rotating disk mechanism top is provided with the moving device of y-axis shift, one end and the rotating disk mechanism of the moving device of y-axis shift are connected to a fixed, the other end of the moving device of y-axis shift fixedly installs stepping motor, the middle part opposing parallel of the moving device of y-axis shift is provided with the X-axis mobile device, the X-axis mobile device is along the moving device vertical shifting of y-axis shift, one end of X-axis mobile device fixedly installs stepping motor, the relative vertical fixing in the other end of X-axis mobile device is provided with the gas control manipulator, the gas control manipulator is along with X-axis mobile device parallel motion, and four-axle linked manipulator mechanism is corresponding with the operation unit output port of manipulator assembling transport operation unit; The bottom of connecting gear fixedly installs substrate holder, the bottom of substrate holder is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit, the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder fixedly installs parallel band, one end of parallel band is provided with tension-regulator, the other end of parallel band is provided with transmission shaft, the bottom of connecting gear fixedly installs alternating current dynamo, the mouth of alternating current dynamo and transmission shaft is linked the rotation of synchrodrive parallel band with being with synchronously.
In the warehousing tower of container ejecting mechanism, put into container, drive cylinder and do action, container is released, make it slip into 3 Kong Weizhong of rotating disk clock coordinates system, 90 ° of rotating disk left-hand revolutions, detect container by the rotating disk alignment sensor, and accurately locate by positioning cylinder, the position, 3 holes of rotating disk is vacated, and the cylinder of warehousing material tower is released container once more, and rotating disk is half-twist once more, accurately locate by cylinder, when this moment, first container was moved to 9 positions of rotating disk clock coordinates system, the container detecting sensor under the rotating disk detected container, then entered the second step course of action.
Put into the goods material in the Multi-layer material-storing cabinet of goods material ejecting mechanism, behind the sensor arrival material in the Multi-layer material-storing cabinet, cylinder is done action, and the goods material is pushed goods material positioning table, and cylinder resets.Behind the sensor arrival material in the goods material positioning table, the goods material promotes cylinder and does action downwards, hold the goods material by vacuum cup, promoting cylinder mentions the goods material, and the goods material is moved to position, container first hole top in 9 position square holes of rotating disk clock by the translation straight line cylinder, the action that cylinder carries out the mating holes position and puts into the position, hole, sucker discharges, and the goods material is put into position, container first hole.The lifting cylinder resets, and the straight line cylinder of translation simultaneously returns, and waits for that next goods material is placed on the goods material and releases on the positioning table, and rotating disk also rotates about 29 ° an of angle simultaneously, makes the position, second hole on the container occupy the first hole bit position, changes the 3rd step course of action over to.
When second goods material appeared at the goods material and release on the positioning table, the goods material promoted cylinder, sucker and translation straight line cylinder etc. and begins the repetition action in second step, and second goods material put into second Kong Weizhong of container, changed the action of the 4th step over to.
After two Kong Weizhong of container all were placed into the goods material, rotating disk is half-twist-29 ° once more, and at the place, position, 6 holes of rotating disk clock coordinates system, goods falls on the belt conveyor, by belt conveyor goods is sent to the manipulator work area, changes the action of the 5th step manipulator over to.
Manipulator moves to the top of goods on the belt conveyor, manipulator opens, move down, manipulator clamps goods, and manipulator rises, the rotation of four-axle linked manipulator chassis, manipulator is at the effect lower edge of leading screw X, Y-axis straight-line motion simultaneously, manipulator is placed on goods on the preposition, and goods enters the operation unit input port of next operation unit, as shown in Figure 8.
Goods is discerned the connecting gear that the setting of buffering operation unit is stocked up automatically, the connecting gear of several sorting buffer pools and shipment, the bottom of the connecting gear of stocking up fixedly installs substrate holder, the bottom of substrate holder along goods discern automatically the buffering operation unit the relative horizontal fixed of a sidepiece be arranged on goods discern automatically the buffering operation unit on, the bottom of the connecting gear of stocking up fixedly installs substrate holder, the bottom of substrate holder is fixedly installed on goods and discerns automatically on the buffering operation unit, the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder fixedly installs parallel band, one end of parallel band is provided with tension-regulator, the other end of parallel band is provided with transmission shaft, the bottom of the connecting gear of stocking up fixedly installs alternating current dynamo, the mouth transmission shaft of alternating current dynamo is linked the synchrodrive parallel band with synchronous band.The top of the parallel band of the connecting gear of stocking up fixedly installs opto-electronic pickup, capacitive transducer, color sensor and idle capacity sensor along parallel band, and a side of capacitive transducer, color sensor and idle capacity sensor fixedly installs the cylinder fixed support.The connecting gear opposing parallel of stocking up runs through the inboard of a side of sorting buffer pool, and an end of the parallel band of the connecting gear of stocking up is corresponding with the operation unit input port.
The main body of sorting buffer pool is that substrate holder is rectangular, along substrate holder double endless roller chain is set in the rectangle substrate holder, along substrate holder several bucket type pallets are set equidistantly in the rectangle substrate holder, the both ends of bucket type pallet are fixedly connected with double endless roller chain opposing parallel separately, double endless roller chain drives the bucket type pallet and moves along the loading of rectangle substrate holder, one side of bucket type pallet is set with no container sensor, rectangle substrate holder top one side fixedly installs alternating current dynamo, drive double endless roller chain along the operation of rectangle substrate holder, the opposite side of rectangle substrate holder bottom fixedly installs the locate chain sensor.
The bucket type pallet is fixed on two parallel main driven roller chains, and is connected with the roller follower chain by the attitude retainer.Main driven roller chain and roller follower chain are driven by imput shaft and driven shaft respectively, and imput shaft and driven shaft by the chain driven in synchronism, make the bucket type pallet remain horizontality by motor in the rotary course of complete cycle.Therefore goods remains same attitude in the operational process of complete cycle.The accuracy and the stability of goods operation have been improved.Adopt main driven roller chain and roller follower chain that the bucket type pallet directly is fixed on the chain, the degree of tightness of roller chain can be regulated by the slide block that is embedded in the section bar groove.
Automatically discern the connecting gear that the relative horizontal fixed of opposite side that cushions operation unit is provided with shipment along goods, the bottom of the connecting gear of shipment fixedly installs substrate holder, the bottom of substrate holder is fixedly installed on goods and discerns automatically on the buffering operation unit, the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder fixedly installs parallel band, one end of parallel band is provided with tension-regulator, the other end of parallel band is provided with transmission shaft, the bottom of the connecting gear of shipment fixedly installs alternating current dynamo, the mouth transmission shaft of alternating current dynamo is linked the synchrodrive parallel band with synchronous band.One end of the parallel band of the connecting gear of shipment is corresponding with the operation unit input port, and the other end of parallel band is corresponding with the operation unit output port that goods is discerned the buffering operation unit automatically.
Send on the parallel band of the connecting gear of stocking up by the operation unit input port that the goods material of the operation unit output port of last operation unit output is discerned the buffering operation unit automatically by goods, parallel band is transported to bucket type sorting work district with the goods material, through color sensor, capacitive transducer, devices such as idle capacity sensor are sent the goods go-on-go and by cylinder into corresponding bucket type sorting buffer pool, when the goods of depositing in the buffer pool reaches 10, then goods is released buffer pool, drive the connecting gear that shipment sent into goods by bucket type goods material support by roller chain, by parallel band goods is sent into the operation unit input port of next operation unit, as shown in figure 12.
The stacking operation unit is provided with supply tray mechanism, the connecting gear of pallet, freight lifting mechanism, the connecting gear of goods propulsive mechanism and goods, the main body of supply tray mechanism is a substrate holder, substrate holder is fixedly installed on the stacking operation unit, the both sides of substrate holder fixedly install places the pallet cylinder, along parallel band roller supporting mechanism is set in the substrate holder, parallel band roller supporting mechanism is connected with double transmission parallel band, the both ends of well formula pallet deposit mechanism are connected with double transmission parallel band, bottom one side of substrate holder fixedly installs DC machine, and DC machine drives double transmission parallel band and drives the connecting gear that well formula pallet deposit mechanism sends into pallet on pallet.The bottom of the connecting gear of pallet fixedly installs substrate holder, the bottom of substrate holder is fixedly installed on the stacking operation unit, the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder fixedly installs the drive balls chain, the bottom of the connecting gear of pallet fixedly installs alternating current dynamo, with synchronous band the mouth of alternating current dynamo and imput shaft are linked, drive the operation of drive balls chain.
In well formula pallet storage rack, depositing several pallets, well formula pallet storage rack has been installed antifriction-bearing box, bearing is embedded in the groove of section bar column, well formula pallet storage rack and timing belt are fixed together, motor-driven is the rotation of band synchronously, and well formula pallet storage rack is slided up and down along the section bar groove.On two linkage air cylinder intervention is housed, the interlock by two cylinders realizes the automatic supply to pallet.
The main body of freight lifting mechanism is a substrate holder, be vertically connected relative with the stacking operation unit of the bottom of substrate holder connects, opposing parallel is provided with the freight lifting frame on the substrate holder, the goods conveying mechanism is set on the freight lifting frame, the upper end of substrate holder and bottom respectively are provided with rising limit sensors and decline limit sensors, the stroke of control freight lifting frame, one side of substrate holder is provided with roller chain along the substrate holder opposing parallel, one side of the bottom of substrate holder fixedly installs DC machine, the mouth and the roller chain of DC machine link, and DC machine driven roller chain drive freight lifting frame promotes between rising limit sensors and decline limit sensors and goods is piled up in decline.
The main body of goods propulsive mechanism is a substrate holder, opposing parallel is provided with loading platform in the substrate holder of goods propulsive mechanism, one side on the top of substrate holder fixedly installs several limit sensors along the substrate holder opposing parallel, one side of the bottom of substrate holder fixedly installs DC machine, along the substrate holder opposing parallel double transmission flute profile band is set in the substrate holder of goods propulsive mechanism, opposing parallel is provided with the feeding baffle plate in the substrate holder of goods propulsive mechanism, and the both ends of feeding baffle plate and double transmission flute profile band link.DC machine drives double transmission flute profile band and the feeding baffle plate is sent into freight lifting mechanism to the goods material on the loading platform: the bottom of the connecting gear of goods fixedly installs substrate holder, the bottom of substrate holder is fixedly installed on the stacking operation unit, the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder fixedly installs parallel band, one end of parallel band is provided with tension-regulator, the other end of parallel band is provided with transmission shaft, the bottom of the connecting gear of goods fixedly installs alternating current dynamo, the mouth transmission shaft of alternating current dynamo is linked the synchrodrive parallel band with synchronous band.The top of the parallel band of connecting gear fixedly installs the goods locating part along parallel band, and the other end of parallel band is corresponding with the operation unit output port.One end of the connecting gear of goods is corresponding with the operation unit input port of stacking operation unit, and the other end of the connecting gear of goods and goods propulsive mechanism link.One end and the supply tray mechanism of the connecting gear of pallet link, and the other end of the connecting gear of pallet and freight lifting mechanism link, and the top ends of the other end of connecting gear is corresponding with the operation unit output port of stacking operation unit.
Send into by the operation unit input port of stacking operation unit by the goods material of the operation unit output port of last operation unit output on the parallel band of connecting gear of goods, make goods enter the goods propulsive mechanism, behind the goods number that reaches regulation, the goods of goods propulsive mechanism advances baffle plate to do the loading platform that freight lifting mechanism is sent into goods in action, the goods propulsive mechanism is placed on goods on the tray exactly, goods is piled two-layer back (or several layers on the tray, determine as required), tray delivery mechanism is sent into goods on the roller chain of loading platform, action is done by supply tray mechanism, pallet is sent on the roller chain of tray delivery mechanism, drive pallet it is sent into the pallet work area of freight lifting mechanism, the circulation of stacking operation unit repeats the stacking operation process, as shown in figure 18.
The Automatic Warehouse operation unit is provided with the loading platform of loading platform, several warehouses, lane formula hoisting crane and the shipment of warehouse-in, the bottom of loading platform main body is provided with the chassis pedestal, the bottom of chassis pedestal is fixedly installed on the Automatic Warehouse operation unit, the top of chassis pedestal fixedly installs runner, the top of runner is provided with rotating disk, one side of rotating disk fixedly installs DC machine, the top of rotating disk fixedly installs the loading platform main body, one side on loading platform main body top fixedly installs sensor, detects the goods material on the loading platform.The top opposing parallel of loading platform main body is provided with chain wheel driving mechanism, duplex chain is set on the chain wheel driving mechanism, loading platform main body internal fixation is provided with DC machine, by roller chain the mouth of DC machine and chain wheel driving mechanism are linked, DC machine drives duplex chain by roller chain and chain wheel driving mechanism the goods material that detected is sent into lane formula hoisting crane.
Loading platform and rotating disk are fixed, and gear and chassis are fixed, and by gear transmission, make the rotating disk rotation by motor, thereby realize the rotation of loading platform.Loading platform is made of chain conveyor, when loading platform rotates to the position of getting goods, chain conveyor rotation on the driven by motor loading platform, make goods be admitted to loading platform, when loading platform rotated to the position of outbound, the motor rotation made the goods on the chain conveyor send into next operation unit by the operation unit output port.The main body of warehouse is a substrate holder, is separated into several rectangular frames, on the frame wall of substrate holder in twos opposing parallel goods deposit platform is set, the top of the goods deposit platform of substrate holder one side is provided with detecting sensor.
The middle part opposing parallel of Automatic Warehouse operation unit is provided with lane formula hoisting crane, formula hoisting crane lower base upper edge, lane Automatic Warehouse operation unit opposing parallel is provided with the walking guide rail, photoelectric encoder is set in one end of lane formula hoisting crane pedestal and goods mechanism is got in storage, the other end of lane formula hoisting crane pedestal is provided with DC machine, DC machine driving storage is got goods mechanism and is followed away the guide rail parallel motion, the top that goods mechanism is got in storage is provided with the leading screw drive stepping motor, the goods device is got in leading screw and storage, the bottom of leading screw drive stepping motor is provided with leading screw, storage is set on the leading screw gets the goods device, the bottom of leading screw and storage are got goods mechanism and are linked, and leading screw drive stepping motor driving leading screw drive storage is got the goods device and moved up and down.Lane formula hoisting crane adopts ball-screw as lift system, and with the accurate accuracy that has guaranteed goods warehousing and outbound position that cooperates of stepping motor, guaranteed the stability of goods in lifting process simultaneously.Leading screw is fixed on the storage that has linear bearing and gets in the goods mechanism (being slide block), storage is got goods mechanism and is horizontally slipped on the walking guide rail, synchronous band is got goods mechanism with storage and is connected, and gets the sway that goods mechanism realizes the lift system horizontal direction by the motor-driven storage.
Enter the loading platform of the warehouse-in of Automatic Warehouse operation unit by the operation unit input port of Automatic Warehouse operation unit by the goods material of the operation unit output port of last operation unit output, detecting sensor detects the goods material, drive lane formula hoisting crane and do action, get goods mechanism by storage goods is sent into predetermined warehouse warehouse exactly, get goods mechanism by the storage of lane formula hoisting crane again goods is taken out the loading platform of putting into outbound from tiered warehouse facility, the goods that is extracted, enter next operation unit, as shown in figure 22.
The vision-based detection operation unit is provided with conveyer mechanism, figure, display plotter and the image processor of vision detection system, goods, the conveyer mechanism of goods is horizontally set on a side of vision-based detection operation unit relatively along the vision-based detection operation unit, and an end of the connecting gear of goods is provided with detecting sensor.The opposite side of vision-based detection operation unit is provided with figure, display plotter and image processor, the middle part of the connecting gear of goods is provided with vision detection system, the bottom of the connecting gear of goods fixedly installs substrate holder, the bottom of substrate holder is fixedly installed on the vision-based detection operation unit, the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder fixedly installs parallel band, one end of parallel band is provided with tension-regulator, the other end of parallel band is provided with transmission shaft, the bottom of the connecting gear of goods fixedly installs alternating current dynamo, the mouth transmission shaft of alternating current dynamo is linked the synchrodrive parallel band with synchronous band.Goods conveyer mechanism opposing parallel runs through vision detection system, the main body of vision detection system is the vision-based detection shield bracket, the vision-based detection shield bracket is on the connecting gear of goods, one side of vision-based detection shield bracket is provided with the vision light source, vision-based detection shield bracket top is provided with the vision column, on the vision column vision camera is set.
Enter the connecting gear of goods by the operation unit input port of vision-based detection operation unit by the goods material of the operation unit output port of last operation unit output, photoelectric testing sensor detects goods, the connecting gear of goods is started working, and goods is sent into visual detection unit.In visual detection unit, when detecting sensor has detected goods and has entered the vision detection system unit, the annular LED light source starts, the CCD camera is taken pictures, by the color image processor unit, data are sent among the PLC and go, and can observe the image that the CCD vision camera photographs simultaneously on figure, display plotter.PLC classifies goods according to the data of image processing, stores goods information simultaneously, relevant data is delivered in the next operation unit gone, as shown in figure 25.
Beat connecting gear and code printing mechanism that the sign indicating number operation unit is provided with goods, the connecting gear of goods is arranged on dozen sign indicating number operation unit along beating sign indicating number operation unit opposing parallel, one side of the connecting gear of goods is provided with put in place detecting sensor and beat sign indicating number and arrive level sensor of goods, and a side at the middle part of the connecting gear of goods is provided with code printing mechanism.The bottom of the connecting gear of goods fixedly installs substrate holder, the bottom of substrate holder is fixedly installed on to be beaten on the sign indicating number operation unit, the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder fixedly installs parallel band, one end of parallel band is provided with tension-regulator, the other end of parallel band is provided with transmission shaft, the bottom of the connecting gear of goods fixedly installs alternating current dynamo, the mouth transmission shaft of alternating current dynamo is linked the synchrodrive parallel band with being with synchronously.
The goods material of being exported by the operation unit output port of a last operation unit enters the connecting gear of beating the sign indicating number operation unit by the operation unit input port of beating the sign indicating number operation unit, when the detecting sensor that puts in place detects the goods arrival, code printer is started working, belt conveyor transmits the conveyor belt rests that puts in place with the goods material and ends operation, PLC prints to system's canned data on the goods by code printer, after code printer is finished and is played the sign indicating number operation, belt conveyor brings into operation, the goods material is sent into next operation unit, as shown in figure 28.
Freight traffic direction control operation unit is provided with monitor display, vertical conveyer chain mechanism, alongside transfer chain mechanism and lifting mechanism, the middle part of freight traffic direction control operation unit is provided with monitor display, freight traffic direction control operation unit one side is provided with the alongside transfer chain mechanism along freight traffic direction control operation unit opposing parallel, one end of alongside transfer chain mechanism is corresponding with the operation unit input port, the other end and the lifting mechanism of alongside transfer chain mechanism link, the section bar conveyor line body of alongside transfer chain mechanism is horizontally set on a side of freight traffic direction control operation unit relatively along freight traffic direction control operation unit, be horizontally disposed with the chain stay bearing plate relatively along section bar conveyor line body between the section bar conveyor line body, one end of chain stay bearing plate is provided with driven shaft, the other end of chain stay bearing plate is provided with imput shaft and alternating current dynamo, and alternating current dynamo drives imput shaft and drives the roller chain that is supported on the chain stay bearing plate.Freight traffic direction control operation unit one side relatively vertically is provided with vertical conveyer chain mechanism along freight traffic direction control operation unit, vertically an end and the lifting mechanism of conveyer chain mechanism link, the other end of alongside transfer chain mechanism is corresponding with the operation unit output port, vertically the section bar conveyor line body of conveyer chain mechanism is horizontally set on a side of freight traffic direction control operation unit relatively along freight traffic direction control operation unit, be horizontally disposed with the chain stay bearing plate relatively along section bar conveyor line body between the section bar conveyor line body, one end of chain stay bearing plate is provided with driven shaft, the other end of chain stay bearing plate is provided with imput shaft and alternating current dynamo, and alternating current dynamo drives imput shaft and drives the roller chain that is supported on the chain stay bearing plate.
When goods enters horizontal chain delivery line, the lifting loading platform is raised, roll-type transport sector on the loading platform is realized rotation synchronously simultaneously, goods is sent into the lifting loading platform, the lifting loading platform descends simultaneously, goods on the lifting loading platform is sent into vertical chain delivery line, be transported to next operation unit by vertical chain delivery bundle of lines goods.
The bottom of lifting mechanism is provided with the lifting base plate, the top of lifting base plate fixedly installs cylinder, the guide pin bushing of cylinder and the top of guide pillar are provided with plate in the lifting, the top of plate fixedly installs several six box type columns in the lifting, the top of six box type columns fixedly installs the lifting upper plate, between six box type columns DC machine is set, the top opposing parallel of lifting upper plate is provided with rollers, and several roll shafts are set on the rollers.The DC machine drive roller shaft realizes entering after 90 ° the commutation vertical conveyer chain mechanism by roll shaft after goods enters the alongside transfer chain mechanism from the operation unit input port, exported by the operation unit output port.
Loading platform is made up of the roll-type transport sector, and the transmission rod is connected by O type band, and motor-driven O type band rotates roller synchronously, and goods is sent into loading platform.Live roll is connected with upper plate, and upper plate is connected with middle plate by column, and on the plate, the crank motion of cylinder drove loading platform along the guide pillar integral elevating during guide pin bushing was fixed in, and for overcoming the impact of cylinder, adopts flow regulating valve to make goods realize steady lifting in the gas circuit.
Enter the alongside transfer chain mechanism of freight traffic direction control operation unit by the operation unit input port of beating yard operation unit by the goods material of the operation unit output port of last operation unit output, when goods arrives the turning, detect the signal that puts in place of goods, lifting mechanism begins to do action, freight lifting, simultaneously cylinder is done action, goods is sent into the belt conveyor entrance of vertical conveyer chain mechanism.Vertically the belt conveyor of conveyer chain mechanism detects putting in place during signal of goods, and lifting mechanism descends, and vertically belt conveyor begins to do action simultaneously, and 90 ° that finish goods turn to.As shown in figure 31.
The filling unit is provided with the connecting gear of vanning, boxing mechanism and the vanning of several trim sets, the bottom substrate holder of the connecting gear of vanning, the bottom of substrate holder and filling unit are connected to a fixed, the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder is provided with crossbeam, the both ends of crossbeam respectively are provided with transmission shaft and tension-regulator, between transmission shaft and the tension-regulator roller chain is set, one end of the connecting gear of vanning is corresponding with the operation unit input port of filling unit, the bottom of crossbeam is provided with DC machine, the goods roof support, lift cylinder, feed rod guide rail and slide block, goods roof support one end is connected with the mouth of DC machine by slide block, the bottom of goods roof support fixedly installs lift cylinder, drive DC machine drive goods roof support and move, drive lift cylinder drive goods roof support and rise and descend along the feed rod guide rail.
Linear bearing is housed in the slide block, and slide block is connected with synchronous band, is with synchronously by the rotation drive of motor, and slide block is horizontally slipped along the feed rod guide rail.Fixedly cylinder lifting pushing hands on the slide block when pneumatic pushing hands is pushed time-out, pushes freight container with goods under the drive of motor.
The other end of the connecting gear of vanning is provided with boxing mechanism, the relative horizontal fixed in the bottom of boxing mechanism is provided with fixed base plate, fixed base plate and filling unit are connected to a fixed, relative vertical fixing is provided with hydraulic actuating cylinder and guide pillar on the fixed base plate, guide pillar is arranged on the both sides of hydraulic actuating cylinder, the relative horizontal fixed in the top of hydraulic actuating cylinder and guide pillar is provided with lifting tray, and a side of lifting tray fixedly installs the full sensor of goods, and freight container is placed on the top of lifting tray.The opposite side of filling unit is placed several trim set vannings.
Have four knock holees on the lifting tray, the setting circle taper pin is installed on the freight container, freight container is put on the lifting tray, can realize the replacing of freight container easily by the setting circle taper pin.Lifting tray is connected with guide pin bushing, and the lifting by cylinder makes lifting tray realize lifting up and down along guide pillar, finishes the lifting of freight container.
Enter connecting gear by the goods material of the operation unit output port of the last operation unit output operation unit input port by the filling unit, after detecting goods and putting in place, when delivering to the freight container entrance, lift cylinder begins to promote automatically, and goods is sent in the freight container.
Goods is filled (delelivered payload capability of freight container is 3 pallets) in freight container, and lift cylinder mechanism can put goods automatically sequentially from inside to outside.When outnumbering of goods the delelivered payload capability of maximum of freight container, then closure set vanning, the freight container that more renews, as shown in figure 34.
Several operation units are realized communication between each operation unit PLC by the PC-LINK communication network, constitute the PLC control system, (-) terminal of the transmission line of terminal and E terminal short circuit, its network body structure is a three-decker, wherein Physical layer and data link layer are towards communicating by letter, the application layer user oriented provides service, shared storage communication in the serial communication, to all marking a memory space in each station communication unit, the memory space all occupies identical address number space at each station, shared storage is the LINK district, and LINK district common share communication mode only is applicable to the token mode exchange message between PLC and the PLC, is N:N communication.
Actuating unit in the operation unit is connected with intelligent protection module, and the sensor in the operation unit is connected with intelligent protection module with standard interface B.Standard interface all has input terminal and lead-out terminal; the input terminal of standard interface and the corresponding connection of the lead-out terminal of another standard interface; standard interface A is fixedly installed on the control panel; fixing just the loading in each operation unit of mark interface B; and by the servomotor in intelligent object and the operation unit; alternating current dynamo; DC machine; stepping motor is connected with cylinder; being arranged on the on-site signal that various sensors produce in the operation unit is connected with intelligent protection module with standard interface B by circuit; power supply is imported by standard interface A; B provides power supply to actuating unit by standard interface; the lead-out terminal of standard interface A is connected with the input port of PLC, and the input terminal of standard interface A is connected with the output port of PLC.Sensor in the input terminal of standard interface B and the operation unit is connected; the lead-out terminal of standard interface B is connected with the input port of intelligent protection module; the output interface of intelligent protection module is connected with actuating unit, and the sensor of operation unit is connected with the input interface of intelligent protection module.The master makes signal be connected with the output interface of standard interface A, the master makes signal be connected with the input interface of switching interface, the output interface of switching interface is connected with the input interface of standard interface A, the output interface of PLC is connected with switching interface, the output interface of PLC is connected with the input interface of standard interface A, as Figure 35, shown in Figure 36.
The single chip circuit that is arranged in the operation unit comprises that enhancement mode LPC900 series monolithic or ARM32 position are controller or PIC micro controller system or DSP micro controller system, and the decision circuit that is arranged in the operation unit comprises programmable logic device (PLD) (PLD) or matrix circuit.
Application of Interface between PLC and actr (as various types of motors, contactless switch, cylinder, electromagnetic valve etc.), usually only need an open contact function, carry out the type output interface and form by the 5mm pedestal of band screw or spring connection mode and plug type miniature relay or optocoupler.In the interface between the PLC actr (as position control system robot, high-speed pulse etc.) is answered, need sometimes manually and automatic switchover, the manually operated high-speed pulse is directly produced by the pulse switching interface and need do not exported by PLC.PLC actr interface inside is provided with single chip circuit, can produce pulse, sends pulse by PLC when automated system operation, in case system sends pulse by the micro controller system in the interface manually the time, each interface can produce 2 tunnel pulses, and impulse speed is 1.5K.PLC actr interface is connected by spring connection mode terminal.All actrs comprise that PLC output master makes signal, and the required line of sensor all is directly connected on the pulse switching interface.Have the pulse switching interface of integrated interface function, do not need additional terminal again.Save feed-in terminal separated and loop line terminal, adopted the spring connection mode to reduce line.At PLC and sensor (near switch, limit switch etc.) and with the line interface of the signal orientation of actr, in the ordinary course of things the signal of sensor and actuator at the scene, and control far away from the scene, need concentrate on one to many signals from one cable routing.
In operational process, when if load overload or interface occurring and makeing mistakes, can switch to manually by automatic transmission, press the various buttons on the guidance panel, can be checked through the running state in each step of operating system, the adjustment of the cellular system that promptly can easily trouble-shooting can fulfil assignment again.Be provided with in the hardware of each operation unit simultaneously and have creepage protection function, short-circuit protection function, suddenly stop defencive function, intelligent diagnostics function and various position limitation protection function, thereby guarantee the person in each operation unit operational process and the safety of equipment.
The top of the parallel band of connecting gear fixedly installs opto-electronic pickup, capacitive transducer, color sensor and idle capacity sensor along parallel band, and a side of capacitive transducer, color sensor and idle capacity sensor fixedly installs the cylinder fixed support.The top of the parallel band of connecting gear fixedly installs the goods locating part along parallel band, and the other end of parallel band is corresponding with the operation unit output port.
Adopt section bar to make rectangle operation unit pedestal, the top of operation unit pedestal fixedly installs the operation unit control panel, and the top of operation unit pedestal fixedly installs manipulator assembling transport operation unit respectively separately, goods is discerned buffering operation unit, stacking operation unit, Automatic Warehouse operation unit, vision-based detection operation unit automatically, beaten sign indicating number operation unit, freight traffic direction control operation unit and filling unit.Corresponding apparatus for work is set respectively on different operation units, each operation unit is provided with the electrical wiring mouth of the modular interface of single chip circuit and decision circuit as each device separately, comprising that PLC output is main makes signal and the required line of sensor all be directly connected on the switching interface, according to the flow direction of flow of information the signal orientation of PLC, sensor and actr is connected terminal interface.Select different operation units to be combined into the operation training system, carry out step configuration, the standard interface of each operation unit and industrial computer I/O capture card or PLC or micro controller system or embedded computer dock the formation control system.
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit internal fixation is provided with goods displacement rotating disk mechanism, goods material ejecting mechanism, goods material parallel moving mechanism, container ejecting mechanism, four-axle linked manipulator mechanism and connecting gear.Goods is discerned the connecting gear of connecting gear, several sorting buffer pools and shipment that the setting of buffering operation unit internal fixation stocks up automatically.Stacking operation unit internal fixation is provided with the connecting gear of connecting gear, freight lifting mechanism, goods propulsive mechanism and the goods of supply tray mechanism, pallet.Automatic Warehouse operation unit internal fixation is provided with the loading platform of warehouse-in loading platform, several warehouses, lane formula hoisting crane and shipment.Vision-based detection operation unit internal fixation is provided with vision detection system, goods conveyer mechanism, figure, display plotter and image processor.Beat connecting gear and thermoprint code printing mechanism that sign indicating number operation unit internal fixation is provided with goods.Freight traffic direction control operation unit internal fixation is provided with monitor display, vertical conveyer chain mechanism, alongside transfer chain mechanism and lifting mechanism.Filling unit internal fixation is provided with connecting gear, boxing mechanism and the vanning of several trim sets of vanning.
The utility model is a logistics operation training system, and is reasonable in design, of a tightly knit structure, makes simply, easy to use, is fit to various mode of teaching training.Imperfection part at the perfect production logistics training set of production logistics system, form by eight unit, in the vision detection system unit, be provided with the identification of goods image graphics, the measuring ability of literal and color identification, set up freight traffic direction control system unit and container packing system element, make accumulating containerzation, freight container can directly be delivered to each operation station in the production, can significantly reduce the carrying number of times of product, reduce the damaged expense of product, reduce industrial refuse, improved the imperfection part of production logistics system.Each unit adopts PLC control respectively, uses PC-LINK network and PROFIBUS fieldbus and realizes total system control and computer management and monitoring.Can finish the process such as vanning, carrying, detection, classification, identification, transmission, storage, management, shipping of goods, combine with the INTEGRATED LOGISTICS system software and can realize overall process storages such as third-party logistics, materials circulation, commercial logistics, dispensing, transportation, goods loan etc. are carried out process management, business operation, role's simulation, optimization etc., make modern production systematization and flexibility more, raise labour productivity greatly.The logistics training device is the best teaching platform of the integrated training of electrical-mechanical and the ideal equipment of production logistics training as the physical prototype of training.Logistics training plant area area is less, is applicable to concentrate the actv. training, helps the student and learns various expertises in the logistics system, with to adopt actual logistics system training to compare result of training better.It is cheap to adopt the logistics training device to carry out trainings such as graduation field work, graduation project, Course Exercise, skill training, and the cultivation student grasps expertise and played the effect of getting twice the result with half the effort.In a single day be provided with earth leakage protective, short-circuit protection in the production logistics training set, suddenly stop various defencive functions such as protection, insulation blocking, intelligent protection, break down in the operational process, system can stop in automatic diagnosis, can guarantee the safety of the person and equipment.Modular construction can constitute various mode of teaching training flexibly, each system element is made up of different functional modules, promptly can work independently, reconfigurable again, every kind of configuration all has the up-to-date technology fresh content, the user can carry out the step configuration according to the needs of oneself, constitutes multiple different teaching, training device, has demonstrated fully advance and variety as teaching, training training technique that platform is contained.Each system element is avoided repeat techniques as far as possible, set up the up-to-date technology fresh content, contain technology such as the integrated related physical construction of electrical-mechanical, sensor, motor (alternating current dynamo, DC machine, stepping motor, servomotor) drive controlling, PROFIBUS fieldbus, computer management and monitoring, PC-LINK network, helped the training of the integrated multi-subject knowledge of electrical-mechanical.Because what adopt all is actual industrial components and parts, can shorten the gap of training process and actual production process, improves the comprehensive application ability of student's multidisciplinary expertise.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is described in detail.
Front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Fig. 1 manipulator assembling transport operation block construction
Front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Fig. 2 goods displacement rotating disk mechanism
The structural representation of Fig. 3 goods material ejecting mechanism
The structural representation of Fig. 4 goods material parallel moving mechanism
The structural representation of Fig. 5 container ejecting mechanism
The structural representation of the four-axle linked manipulator mechanism of Fig. 6
The structural representation of the connecting gear of Fig. 7 goods
The operation process chart of Fig. 8 manipulator transport operation unit
Fig. 9 goods is discerned front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of buffering operation unit structure automatically
The stock up structural representation of connecting gear of Figure 10
The structural representation of Figure 11 sorting buffer pool
Figure 12 goods is discerned the operation process chart of buffering operation unit automatically
Front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Figure 13 stacking operation unit structure
Front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Figure 14 supply tray mechanism structure
The structural front view of the connecting gear of Figure 15 pallet (A) birds-eye view (B)
The structural representation of Figure 16 freight lifting mechanism
Structural front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Figure 17 goods propulsive mechanism
The operation process chart of Figure 18 stacking operation unit
Structural front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Figure 19 Automatic Warehouse operation unit
The structural front view of Figure 20 loading platform (A) birds-eye view (B)
Front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Figure 21 lane formula crane structure
The operation process chart of Figure 22 Automatic Warehouse operation unit
Structural front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Figure 23 vision-based detection operation unit
The scheme drawing of Figure 24 vision-based detection structure
The operation process chart of Figure 25 vision-based detection operation unit
Figure 26 beats structural front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of yard operation unit
Figure 27 beats the structural representation of sign indicating number and connecting gear
Figure 28 beats the operation process chart of yard operation unit
Structural front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Figure 29 freight traffic direction control operation unit
The structural front view of Figure 30 lifting mechanism (A) birds-eye view (B)
The operation process chart of Figure 31 freight traffic direction control operation unit
Structural front view (A) birds-eye view (B) of Figure 32 filling unit
Figure 33 chain connecting gear structural representation
The structural representation of Figure 34 boxing mechanism
The electrical wiring block diagram of each operation unit of Figure 35
Figure 36 intelligent protection module block diagram
Figure 37 PC-LINK network system block diagram
The hardware connection figure of Figure 38 PC-LINK
The scheme drawing of two kinds of operation unit combinations of Figure 39
The scheme drawing of two kinds of operation unit combinations of Figure 40
The scheme drawing of three kinds of operation unit combinations of Figure 41
The scheme drawing of four kinds of operation unit combinations of Figure 42
The scheme drawing of six kinds of operation unit combinations of Figure 43
The scheme drawing of six kinds of operation unit combinations of Figure 44
The scheme drawing of eight kinds of operation unit combinations of Figure 45
1 manipulator assembling transport operation unit, 2 goods are discerned the buffering operation unit automatically, 3 stacking operation units, 4 Automatic Warehouse operation units, 5 vision-based detection operation units, 6 dozens of sign indicating number operation units, 7 freight traffic direction control operation unit, 8 filling unit, 9 substrate holders, 10 fixed mechanisms, 11 standard interfaces, 12 communication cables, 13 operation unit pedestals, 14 operation unit control panels, position, 15 goods hole, 16 DC machine, 17 alternating current dynamos, 18 connecting gears, 19 stepping motors, 1-1 goods displacement rotating disk mechanism, 1-1-1 rotating disk, 1-1-2 positioning cylinder, 1-1-3 rotating disk pedestal, the 1-1-5 goods detecting sensor that puts in place, 1-1-6 alignment sensor, 1-2 goods material ejecting mechanism, 1-2-1 warehousing material tower, 1-2-2 releases cylinder, and 1-2-3 goods material is released positioning table, 1-2-6 detecting sensor, 1-3 goods material parallel moving mechanism, 1-3-1 translation straight line cylinder, 1-3-2 goods material promotes cylinder, 1-3-3 sucker, 1-4 container ejecting mechanism, 1-4-1 warehousing tower, the 1-4-2 container is released cylinder, 1-4-3 chute, the four-axle linked manipulator mechanism of 1-5,1-5-1 gas control manipulator, 1-5-2Y shaft moving device, 1-5-3 rotating disk mechanism, the 1-5-4X shaft moving device, the 1-6-1 parallel band, the 1-6-2 transmission shaft, 1-6-3 is with synchronously, the 1-6-4 tension-regulator, the 2-1-1 capacitive transducer, 2-1-2 color sensor, 2-1-3 idle capacity sensor, 2-1-4 cylinder fixed support, the 2-1-5 opto-electronic pickup, 2-2 sorting buffer pool, 2-2-2 roller chain, 2-2-3 bucket type pallet, 2-2-5 has or not the container sensor, 2-2-6 locate chain sensor, 2-5-2 goods locating part, 3-1 supply tray mechanism, 3-1-3 parallel band roller supporting mechanism, 3-1-4 transmits parallel band, 3-1-5 well formula pallet deposit mechanism, 3-1-6 places the pallet cylinder, 3-3 freight lifting mechanism, 3-3-3 goods conveying mechanism, 3-3-4 freight lifting frame, 3-3-6 rising limit sensors, 3-3-7 decline limit sensors, 3-4 goods propulsive mechanism, 3-4-1 feeding baffle plate, the 3-4-2 limit sensors, the 3-4-3 loading platform, 3-4-4 transmission flute profile band, 4-1 loading platform, 4-1-2 chassis pedestal, the 4-1-3 chain wheel driving mechanism, 4-1-4 runner, 4-1-5 sensor, the 4-1-6 rotating disk, the 4-2 warehouse, 4-3 lane formula hoisting crane, 4-3-1 leading screw drive stepping motor, the 4-3-2 leading screw, the 4-3-3 guide rail of walking, the goods device is got in the 4-3-4 storage, and goods mechanism is got in the 4-3-5 storage, the 4-3-6 photoelectric encoder, 4-4-1 goods deposit platform, 4-4-2 detecting sensor, 4-5 outbound loading platform, the 5-1 vision detection system, 5-1-1 goods conveyer mechanism, 5-1-2 detecting sensor, 5-1-3 vision light source, 5-1-4 vision-based detection shield bracket, 5-1-5 vision column, 5-1-6 vision camera, 5-2 figure, display plotter, the 5-3 image processor, the 6-1-1 goods detecting sensor that puts in place, 6-1-2 beats sign indicating number to level sensor, 6-2 code printing mechanism, the 7-1 monitor display, the vertical conveyer chain of 7-2 mechanism, 7-3 alongside transfer chain mechanism, 7-4 lifting mechanism, the 7-2-1 imput shaft, 7-2-2 section bar conveyor line body, 7-2-3 chain stay bearing plate, 7-3-1 driven shaft, 7-4-1 lifting base plate, the 7-4-2 cylinder, plate in the 7-4-3 lifting, 7-4-4 six box type columns, 7-4-5 lifting upper plate, the 7-4-6 rollers, 7-4-7 roll shaft, 7-4-9 guide pin bushing, the 7-4-10 guide pillar, the 8-1-1 crossbeam, 8-1-4 goods roof support, 8-1-5 hydraulic actuating cylinder, 8-1-6 feed rod guide rail, the 8-1-7 slide block, the vanning of 8-2 trim set, 8-2-1 lifting tray, the 8-2-2 fixed base plate, the 8-2-3 freight container, the full sensor of 8-2-4 goods, 8-3 boxing mechanism
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit (1) is provided with goods displacement rotating disk mechanism (1-1), goods material ejecting mechanism (1-2), goods material parallel moving mechanism (1-3), container ejecting mechanism (1-4), four-axle linked manipulator mechanism (1-5) and connecting gear (18).
Side opposing parallel along manipulator assembling transport operation unit (1) fixedly installs connecting gear (18), one side of one end of connecting gear (18) is provided with goods displacement rotating disk mechanism (1-1), the bottom of goods displacement rotating disk mechanism (1-1) is provided with substrate holder (9), the bottom of substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit (1), the top of substrate holder (9) is provided with rotating disk pedestal (1-1-3), the both sides of rotating disk pedestal (1-1-3) are oppositely arranged alignment sensor (1-1-6), the top of rotating disk pedestal (1-1-3) is provided with rotating disk (1-1-1), the top of rotating disk (1-1-1) relatively equidistantly is provided with position, at least four above goods holes (15), the goods detecting sensor (1-1-5) that puts in place respectively is set in the position, goods hole (15), one side opposing parallel of rotating disk pedestal (1-1-3) is provided with positioning cylinder (1-1-2), and the end of positioning cylinder (1-1-2) is corresponding with the position, goods hole (15) of rotating disk (1-1-1).
One side of goods displacement rotating disk mechanism (1-1) is provided with goods material ejecting mechanism (1-2), goods material parallel moving mechanism (1-3) and container ejecting mechanism (1-4), the bottom of goods material ejecting mechanism (1-2) is provided with substrate holder (9), and the bottom of substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit (1) with fixed mechanism (10).
The upper end warehousing material tower (1-2-1) of substrate holder (9), the bottom of warehousing material tower (1-2-1) fixedly installs the goods material and releases positioning table (1-2-3), the goods material is released in the positioning table (1-2-3) detecting sensor (1-2-6) is set, the sidepiece opposing parallel that the goods material is released positioning table (1-2-3) fixedly installs release cylinder (1-2-2), and an end of releasing cylinder (1-2-2) is corresponding with goods material release positioning table (1-2-3).The substrate holder (9) of goods material parallel moving mechanism (1-3) bottom is fixedly installed on the goods displacement rotating disk mechanism (1-1) by fixed mechanism (10), the top opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) is provided with translation straight line cylinder (1-3-1), the relative vertical fixing in one end of translation straight line cylinder (1-3-1) is provided with the goods material and promotes cylinder (1-3-2), and the end that the goods material promotes cylinder (1-3-2) is provided with sucker (1-3-3).
The substrate holder (9) of container ejecting mechanism (1-4) bottom is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit (1) by fixed mechanism (10), the top of substrate holder (9) is provided with warehousing tower (1-4-1), one side opposing parallel of warehousing tower (1-4-1) fixedly installs container and releases cylinder (1-4-2), the opposite side of warehousing tower (1-4-1) fixedly installs chute (1-4-3), and warehousing tower (1-4-1) is corresponding with chute (1-4-3).
The substrate holder (9) of four-axle linked manipulator mechanism (1-5) bottom is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit (1), the top of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs rotating disk mechanism (1-5-3), the relative vertical fixing in rotating disk mechanism (1-5-3) top is provided with the moving device (1-5-2) of y-axis shift, an end and rotating disk mechanism (1-5-3) that y-axis shift moves device (1-5-2) are connected to a fixed, the other end that y-axis shift moves device (1-5-2) fixedly installs stepping motor (19), the middle part opposing parallel that y-axis shift moves device (1-5-2) is provided with X-axis mobile device (1-5-4), X-axis mobile device (1-5-4) is along moving device (1-5-2) vertical shifting of y-axis shift, one end of X-axis mobile device (1-5-4) fixedly installs DC machine (16), the relative vertical fixing in the other end of X-axis mobile device (1-5-4) is provided with gas control manipulator (1-5-1), gas control manipulator (1-5-1) is along with X-axis mobile device (1-5-4) parallel motion, and four-axle linked manipulator mechanism (1-5) is corresponding with the operation unit output port of manipulator assembling transport operation unit (1).The bottom of connecting gear (18) fixedly installs substrate holder (9), the bottom of substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on the manipulator assembling transport operation unit (1), the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs parallel band (1-6-1), one end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with tension-regulator (1-6-4), the other end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with transmission shaft (1-6-2), the bottom of connecting gear (18) fixedly installs alternating current dynamo (17), with synchronous band (1-6-3) mouth of alternating current dynamo (17) and transmission shaft (1-6-2) are linked, synchrodrive parallel band (1-6-1) rotation is as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, shown in Figure 7.
Embodiment 2
Goods is discerned the connecting gear (18) that buffering operation unit (2) setting is stocked up automatically, the connecting gear (18) of several sorting buffer pools (2-2) and shipment, the bottom of the connecting gear of stocking up (18) fixedly installs substrate holder (9), the relative horizontal fixed of a sidepiece that buffering operation unit (2) is discerned automatically along goods in the bottom of substrate holder (9) is arranged on goods and discerns automatically on buffering operation unit (2), the bottom of the connecting gear of stocking up (18) fixedly installs substrate holder (9), the bottom of substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on goods and discerns automatically on the buffering operation unit (2), the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs parallel band (1-6-1), one end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with tension-regulator (1-6-4), the other end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with transmission shaft (1-6-2), the bottom of the connecting gear of stocking up (18) fixedly installs alternating current dynamo (17), the mouth transmission shaft (1-6-2) of alternating current dynamo (17) is linked synchrodrive parallel band (1-6-1) with synchronous band (1-6-3).The top of the parallel band (1-6-1) of the connecting gear of stocking up (18) fixedly installs opto-electronic pickup (2-1-5), capacitive transducer (2-1-1), color sensor (2-1-2) and idle capacity sensor (2-1-3) along parallel band (1-6-1), and a side of capacitive transducer (2-1-1), color sensor (2-1-2) and idle capacity sensor (2-1-3) fixedly installs cylinder fixed support (2-1-4).The connecting gear of stocking up (18) opposing parallel runs through the inboard of a side of sorting buffer pool (2-2), and an end of the parallel band (1-6-1) of the connecting gear of stocking up (18) is corresponding with the operation unit input port.
The main body of sorting buffer pool (2-2) is that substrate holder (9) is rectangular, along substrate holder (9) double endless roller chain (2-2-2) is set in the rectangle substrate holder (9), along substrate holder (9) several bucket type pallets (2-2-3) are set equidistantly in the rectangle substrate holder (9), the both ends of bucket type pallet (2-2-3) are fixedly connected with double endless roller chain (2-2-2) opposing parallel separately, double endless roller chain (2-2-2) drives bucket type pallet (2-2-3) and moves along rectangle substrate holder (9) loading, one side of bucket type pallet (2-2-3) is set with no container sensor (2-2-5), rectangle substrate holder (9) top one side fixedly installs alternating current dynamo (17), drive double endless roller chain (2-2-2) along rectangle substrate holder (9) operation, the opposite side of rectangle substrate holder (9) bottom fixedly installs locate chain sensor (2-2-6).
Automatically discern the connecting gear (18) that the relative horizontal fixed of opposite side that cushions operation unit (2) is provided with shipment along goods, the bottom of the connecting gear of shipment (18) fixedly installs substrate holder (9), the bottom of substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on goods and discerns automatically on the buffering operation unit (2), the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs parallel band (1-6-1), one end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with tension-regulator (1-6-4), the other end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with transmission shaft (1-6-2), the bottom of the connecting gear of shipment (18) fixedly installs alternating current dynamo (17), the mouth transmission shaft (1-6-2) of alternating current dynamo (17) is linked synchrodrive parallel band (1-6-1) with synchronous band (1-6-3).One end of the parallel band (1-6-1) of the connecting gear of shipment (18) is corresponding with the operation unit input port, the other end of parallel band (1-6-1) is corresponding with the operation unit output port that goods is discerned buffering operation unit (2) automatically, as Fig. 9, Figure 10, shown in Figure 11.
Embodiment 3
Stacking operation unit (3) is provided with supply tray mechanism (3-1), the connecting gear of pallet (18), freight lifting mechanism (3-3), the connecting gear (18) of goods propulsive mechanism (3-4) and goods, the main body of supply tray mechanism (3-1) is substrate holder (9), substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on the stacking operation unit (3), the both sides of substrate holder (9) fixedly install places pallet cylinder (3-1-6), along parallel band roller supporting mechanism (3-1-3) is set in the substrate holder (9), parallel band roller supporting mechanism (3-1-3) is connected with double transmission parallel band (3-1-4), the both ends of well formula pallet deposit mechanism (3-1-5) are connected with double transmission parallel band (3-1-4), bottom one side of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs DC machine (16), and DC machine (16) drives double transmission parallel band (3-1-4) and drives the connecting gear (18) that well formula pallet deposit mechanism (3-1-5) sends into pallet on pallet.The bottom of the connecting gear of pallet (18) fixedly installs substrate holder (9), the bottom of substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on the stacking operation unit (3), the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs drive balls chain (2-2-2), the bottom of the connecting gear of pallet (18) fixedly installs alternating current dynamo (17), with synchronous band (1-6-3) mouth of alternating current dynamo (17) and imput shaft (3-2-1) are linked, drive drive balls chain (2-2-2) OK.
The main body of freight lifting mechanism (3-3) is substrate holder (9), the bottom of substrate holder (9) connects with relative being vertically connected of stacking operation unit (3), substrate holder (9) is gone up opposing parallel freight lifting frame (3-3-4) is set, goods conveying mechanism (3-3-3) is set on the freight lifting frame (3-3-4), the upper end of substrate holder (9) and bottom respectively are provided with rising limit sensors (3-3-6) and decline limit sensors (3-3-7), the stroke of control freight lifting frame (3-3-4), one side of substrate holder (9) is provided with roller chain (2-2-2) along substrate holder (9) opposing parallel, one side of the bottom of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs DC machine (16), the mouth of DC machine (16) and roller chain (2-2-2) link, and DC machine (16) driven roller chain (2-2-2) drive freight lifting frame (3-3-4) promotes between rising limit sensors (3-3-6) and decline limit sensors (3-3-7) and goods is piled up in decline.
The main body of goods propulsive mechanism (3-4) is substrate holder (9), the interior opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) of goods propulsive mechanism (3-4) is provided with loading platform (3-4-3), one side on the top of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs several limit sensors (3-4-2) along substrate holder (9) opposing parallel, one side of the bottom of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs DC machine (16), along substrate holder (9) opposing parallel double transmission flute profile band (3-4-4) is set in the substrate holder (9) of goods propulsive mechanism (3-4), the interior opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) of goods propulsive mechanism (3-4) is provided with feeding baffle plate (3-4-1), and the both ends of feeding baffle plate (3-4-1) and double transmission flute profile band (3-4-4) link.DC machine (16) drives double transmission flute profile band (3-4-4) and feeding baffle plate (3-4-1) is sent into freight lifting mechanism (3-3) to the goods material on the loading platform (3-4-3).The bottom of the connecting gear of goods (18) fixedly installs substrate holder (9), the bottom of substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on the stacking operation unit (3), the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs parallel band (1-6-1), one end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with tension-regulator (1-6-4), the other end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with transmission shaft (1-6-2), the bottom of the connecting gear of goods (18) fixedly installs alternating current dynamo (17), the mouth transmission shaft (1-6-2) of alternating current dynamo (17) is linked synchrodrive parallel band (1-6-1) with synchronous band (1-6-3).The top of the parallel band (1-6-1) of connecting gear (18) fixedly installs goods locating part (2-5-2) along parallel band (1-6-1), and the other end of parallel band (1-6-1) is corresponding with the operation unit output port.One end of the connecting gear of goods (18) is corresponding with the operation unit input port of stacking operation unit (3), the other end of the connecting gear of goods (18) and goods propulsive mechanism (3-4) link: an end of the connecting gear of pallet (18) and supply tray mechanism (3-1) link, the other end of the connecting gear of pallet (18) and freight lifting mechanism (3-3) link, the top ends of the other end of connecting gear (18) is corresponding with the operation unit output port of stacking operation unit (3), as Figure 13, Figure 14, Figure 15, Figure 16, shown in Figure 17.
Embodiment 4
Automatic Warehouse operation unit (4) is provided with the loading platform (4-1) of warehouse-in, several warehouses (4-2), the loading platform (4-1) of lane formula hoisting crane (4-3) and shipment, the bottom of loading platform (4-1) main body is provided with chassis pedestal (4-1-2), the bottom of chassis pedestal (4-1-2) is fixedly installed on the Automatic Warehouse operation unit (4), the top of chassis pedestal (4-1-2) fixedly installs runner (4-1-4), the top of runner (4-1-4) is provided with rotating disk (4-1-6), one side of rotating disk (4-1-6) fixedly installs DC machine (16), the top of rotating disk (4-1-6) fixedly installs loading platform (4-1) main body, one side on loading platform (4-1) main body top fixedly installs sensor (4-1-5), detects the goods material on the loading platform (4-1).The top opposing parallel of loading platform (4-1) main body is provided with chain wheel driving mechanism (4-1-3), duplex chain (2-2-2) is set on the chain wheel driving mechanism (4-1-3), loading platform (4-1) main body internal fixation is provided with DC machine (16), by roller chain (2-2-2) mouth of DC machine (16) and chain wheel driving mechanism (4-1-3) are linked, DC machine (16) drives duplex chain (2-2-2) by roller chain (2-2-2) and chain wheel driving mechanism (4-1-3) the goods material that detected is sent into lane formula hoisting crane (4-3).
The main body of warehouse (4-2) is substrate holder (9), be separated into several rectangular frames, on the frame wall of substrate holder (9) in twos opposing parallel goods deposit platform (4-4-1) is set, the top of the goods deposit platform (4-4-1) of substrate holder (9) one sides is provided with detecting sensor (4-4-2).
The middle part opposing parallel of Automatic Warehouse operation unit (4) is provided with lane formula hoisting crane (4-3), lane formula hoisting crane (4-3) lower base upper edge Automatic Warehouse operation unit (4) opposing parallel is provided with walking guide rail (4-3-3), photoelectric encoder (4-3-6) is set in one end of lane formula hoisting crane (4-3) pedestal and goods mechanism (4-3-5) is got in storage, the other end of lane formula hoisting crane (4-3) pedestal is provided with DC machine (16), DC machine (16) driving storage is got goods mechanism (4-3-5) and is followed away guide rail (4-3-3) parallel motion, the top that goods mechanism (4-3-5) is got in storage is provided with leading screw drive stepping motor (19), goods device (4-3-4) is got in leading screw (4-3-2) and storage, the bottom of leading screw drive stepping motor (19) is provided with leading screw (4-3-2), storage is set on the leading screw (4-3-2) gets goods device (4-3-4), the bottom of leading screw (4-3-2) and storage are got goods mechanism (4-3-5) and are linked, leading screw drive stepping motor (19) driving leading screw (4-3-2) drive storage is got goods device (4-3-4) and is moved up and down, as Figure 19, Figure 20, shown in Figure 21.
Embodiment 5
Vision-based detection operation unit (5) is provided with conveyer mechanism (18), figure, display plotter (5-2) and the image processor (5-3) of vision detection system (5-1), goods, the conveyer mechanism of goods (18) is horizontally set on a side of vision-based detection operation unit (5) relatively along vision-based detection operation unit (5), and an end of the conveyer mechanism of goods (18) is provided with detecting sensor (5-1-2).The opposite side of vision-based detection operation unit (5) is provided with figure, display plotter (5-2) and image processor (5-3), the middle part of the conveyer mechanism of goods (18) is provided with vision detection system (5-1), the bottom of the connecting gear of goods (18) fixedly installs substrate holder (9), the bottom of substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on the vision-based detection operation unit (5), the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs parallel band (1-6-1), one end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with tension-regulator (1-6-4), the other end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with transmission shaft (1-6-2), the bottom of the connecting gear of goods (18) fixedly installs alternating current dynamo (17), the mouth transmission shaft (1-6-2) of alternating current dynamo (17) is linked synchrodrive parallel band (1-6-1) with synchronous band (1-6-3).Goods conveyer mechanism (5-1-1) opposing parallel runs through vision detection system (5-1), the main body of vision detection system (5-1) is vision-based detection shield bracket (5-1-4), vision-based detection shield bracket (5-1-4) is on the connecting gear (18) of goods, one side of vision-based detection shield bracket (5-1-4) is provided with vision light source (5-1-3), vision-based detection shield bracket (5-1-4) top is provided with vision column (5-1-5), vision camera (5-1-6) is set, as Figure 23, shown in Figure 24 on the vision column (5-1-5).
Embodiment 6
Beat connecting gear (18) and thermoprint code printing mechanism (6-2) that sign indicating number operation unit (6) is provided with goods, the connecting gear of goods (18) is arranged on a dozen sign indicating number operation unit (6) along beating sign indicating number operation unit (6) opposing parallel, one side of the connecting gear of goods (18) is provided with put in place detecting sensor (6-1-1) and beat sign indicating number to level sensor (6-1-2) of goods, and a side at the middle part of the connecting gear of goods (18) is provided with thermoprint code printing mechanism (6-2).The bottom of the connecting gear of goods (18) fixedly installs substrate holder (9), the bottom of substrate holder (9) is fixedly installed on to be beaten on the sign indicating number operation unit (6), the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) fixedly installs parallel band (1-6-1), one end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with tension-regulator (1-6-4), the other end of parallel band (1-6-1) is provided with transmission shaft (1-6-2), the bottom of the connecting gear of goods (18) fixedly installs alternating current dynamo (17), with synchronous band (1-6-3) mouth of alternating current dynamo (17) and transmission shaft (1-6-2) are linked, synchrodrive parallel band (1-6-1) is as Figure 26, shown in Figure 27.
Embodiment 7
Freight traffic direction control operation unit (7) is provided with monitor display (7-1), vertical conveyer chain mechanism (7-2), alongside transfer chain mechanism (7-3) and lifting mechanism (7-4), the middle part of freight traffic direction control operation unit (7) is provided with monitor display (7-1), freight traffic direction control operation unit (7) one sides are provided with alongside transfer chain mechanism (7-3) along freight traffic direction control operation unit (7) opposing parallel, one end of alongside transfer chain mechanism (7-3) is corresponding with the operation unit input port, the other end of alongside transfer chain mechanism (7-3) and lifting mechanism (7-4) link, the section bar conveyor line body (7-2-2) of alongside transfer chain mechanism (7-3) is horizontally set on a side of freight traffic direction control operation unit (7) relatively along freight traffic direction control operation unit (7), be horizontally disposed with chain stay bearing plate (7-2-3) relatively along section bar conveyor line body (7-2-2) between the section bar conveyor line body (7-2-2), one end of chain stay bearing plate (7-2-3) is provided with driven shaft (7-3-1), the other end of chain stay bearing plate (7-2-3) is provided with imput shaft (7-2-1) and alternating current dynamo (17), and alternating current dynamo (17) drives imput shaft (7-2-1) and drives the roller chain (2-2-2) that is supported on the chain stay bearing plate (7-2-3).Freight traffic direction control operation unit (7) one sides relatively vertically are provided with vertical conveyer chain mechanism (7-2) along freight traffic direction control operation unit (7), vertically an end and the lifting mechanism (7-4) of conveyer chain mechanism (7-2) link, the other end of alongside transfer chain mechanism (7-3) is corresponding with the operation unit output port, vertically the section bar conveyor line body (7-2-2) of conveyer chain mechanism (7-2) is horizontally set on a side of freight traffic direction control operation unit (7) relatively along freight traffic direction control operation unit (7), be horizontally disposed with chain stay bearing plate (7-2-3) relatively along section bar conveyor line body (7-2-2) between the section bar conveyor line body (7-2-2), one end of chain stay bearing plate (7-2-3) is provided with driven shaft (7-3-1), the other end of chain stay bearing plate (7-2-3) is provided with imput shaft (7-2-1) and alternating current dynamo (17), and alternating current dynamo (17) drives imput shaft (7-2-1) and drives the roller chain (2-2-2) that is supported on the chain stay bearing plate (7-2-3).
The bottom of lifting mechanism (7-4) is provided with lifting base plate (7-4-1), the top of lifting base plate (7-4-1) fixedly installs cylinder (7-4-2), the guide pin bushing (7-4-9) of cylinder (7-4-2) and the top of guide pillar (7-4-10) are provided with plate in the lifting (7-4-3), the top of plate in the lifting (7-4-3) fixedly installs several six box type columns (7-4-4), the top of six box type columns (7-4-4) fixedly installs lifting upper plate (7-4-5), DC machine (16) is set between six box type columns (7-4-4), the top opposing parallel of lifting upper plate (7-4-5) is provided with rollers (7-4-6), and several roll shafts (7-4-7) are set on the rollers (7-4-6).DC machine (16) drive roller shaft (7-4-7) is after goods enters alongside transfer chain mechanism (7-3) from the operation unit input port, enter vertical conveyer chain mechanism (7-2) after the commutation by 90 ° of roll shaft (7-4-7) realizations, by the output of operation unit output port, as Figure 29, shown in Figure 30.
Embodiment 8
Filling unit (8) is provided with the connecting gear (18) of vanning, boxing mechanism (8-3) and several trim sets vanning (8-2), the bottom substrate holder (9) of the connecting gear (18) of vanning, the bottom of substrate holder (9) and filling unit (8) are connected to a fixed, the upper end opposing parallel of substrate holder (9) is provided with crossbeam (8-1-1), the both ends of crossbeam (8-1-1) respectively are provided with transmission shaft (1-6-2) and tension-regulator (1-6-4), between transmission shaft (1-6-2) and the tension-regulator (1-6-4) roller chain (2-2-2) is set, one end of the connecting gear (18) of vanning is corresponding with the operation unit input port of filling unit (8), the bottom of crossbeam (8-1-1) is provided with DC machine (16), goods roof support (8-1-4), lift cylinder (7-4-2), feed rod guide rail (8-1-6) and slide block (8-1-7), goods roof support (8-1-4) end is connected by the mouth of slide block (8-1-7) with DC machine (16), the bottom of goods roof support (8-1-4) fixedly installs lift cylinder (8-1-5), drive DC machine (16) drive goods roof support (8-1-4) and move along feed rod guide rail (8-1-6), driving lift cylinder (7-4-2) drive goods roof support (8-1-4) rises and decline.
The other end of the connecting gear (18) of vanning is provided with boxing mechanism (8-3), the relative horizontal fixed in bottom of boxing mechanism (8-3) is provided with fixed base plate (8-2-2), fixed base plate (8-2-2) is connected to a fixed with filling unit (8), fixed base plate (8-2-2) is gone up relative vertical fixing hydraulic actuating cylinder (8-1-5) and guide pillar (7-4-10) is set, guide pillar (7-4-10) is arranged on the both sides of hydraulic actuating cylinder (8-1-5), the relative horizontal fixed in top of hydraulic actuating cylinder (8-1-5) and guide pillar (7-4-10) is provided with lifting tray (8-2-1), one side of lifting tray (8-2-1) fixedly installs the full sensor (8-2-4) of goods, and freight container (8-2-3) is placed on the top of lifting tray (8-2-1); The opposite side of filling unit (8) is placed several trim set vannings (8-2), as Figure 32, shown in Figure 33.
Embodiment 9
Comprise manipulator assembling transport operation unit (1), goods is discerned buffering operation unit (2) automatically, stacking operation unit (3), Automatic Warehouse operation unit (4), vision-based detection operation unit (5), beat sign indicating number operation unit (6), freight traffic direction control operation unit (7) and filling unit (8), at least more than one operation unit fabrication process training system, the bottom of each operation unit is provided with operation unit pedestal (13), fixedly install operation unit control panel (14) on the operation unit pedestal (13), the top of operation unit pedestal (13) is provided with different operation units, captive joint with bolt of rear end plate between operation unit and the operation unit, the actuating unit in the operation unit comprises servomotor, alternating current dynamo, DC machine, stepping motor and cylinder.
Each operation unit is provided with the electrical wiring mouth of the modular interface of single chip circuit and decision circuit as each device separately, comprising that PLC output is main makes signal and the required line of sensor all directly be connected with switching interface, and the flow direction that flows according to signal information is connected the signal orientation of PLC, sensor and actr with terminal interface.
The standard interface of each operation unit can dock with industrial computer I/O capture card or PLC or micro controller system or embedded computer and constitute control system, selects different operation units to be combined into the operation training system, carries out step and disposes.
Several operation units are realized communication between each operation unit PLC by the PC-LINK communication network, constitute the PLC control system, (-) terminal of the transmission line of terminal and E terminal short circuit, its network body structure is a three-decker, wherein Physical layer and data link layer are towards communicating by letter, the application layer user oriented provides service, shared storage communication in the serial communication, to all marking a memory space in each station communication unit, the memory space all occupies identical address number space at each station, and shared storage is the LINK district, and LINK district common share communication mode only is applicable to the token mode exchange message between PLC and the PLC, be N:N communication, as Figure 35, Figure 36, Figure 37, shown in Figure 38.
Actuating unit in the operation unit is connected with intelligent protection module, and the sensor in the operation unit is connected with intelligent protection module with standard interface B.Standard interface all has input terminal and lead-out terminal; the input terminal of standard interface and the corresponding connection of the lead-out terminal of another standard interface; standard interface A is fixedly installed on the control panel (14); fixing just the loading in each operation unit of mark interface B; and by the servomotor in intelligent object and the operation unit; alternating current dynamo; DC machine; stepping motor is connected with cylinder; being arranged on the on-site signal that various sensors produce in the operation unit is connected with intelligent protection module with standard interface B by circuit; power supply is imported by standard interface A; B provides power supply to actuating unit by standard interface; the lead-out terminal of standard interface A is connected with the input port of PLC, and the input terminal of standard interface A is connected with the output port of PLC.Sensor in the input terminal of standard interface B and the operation unit is connected; the lead-out terminal of standard interface B is connected with the input port of intelligent protection module; the output interface of intelligent protection module is connected with actuating unit, and the sensor of operation unit is connected with the input interface of intelligent protection module.The master makes signal be connected with the output interface of standard interface A, the master makes signal be connected with the input interface of switching interface, the output interface of switching interface is connected with the input interface of standard interface A, the output interface of PLC is connected with switching interface, the output interface of PLC is connected with the input interface of standard interface A, as Figure 35, shown in Figure 36.
The single chip circuit that is arranged in the operation unit comprises that enhancement mode LPC900 series monolithic or ARM32 position are controller or PIC micro controller system or DSP micro controller system, and the decision circuit that is arranged in the operation unit comprises programmable logic device (PLD) (PLD) or matrix circuit.
Embodiment 10
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit and goods are discerned buffering operation unit fabrication process training system automatically, the bottom of each operation unit is provided with operation unit pedestal (13), fixedly install operation unit control panel (14) on the operation unit pedestal (13), the top of operation unit pedestal (13) is provided with different operation units, captive joint with bolt of rear end plate between operation unit and the operation unit, as shown in figure 39.
Embodiment 11
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit and Automatic Warehouse operation unit fabrication process training system, the bottom of each operation unit is provided with operation unit pedestal (13), fixedly install operation unit control panel (14) on the operation unit pedestal (13), the top of operation unit pedestal (13) is provided with different operation units, captive joint with bolt of rear end plate between operation unit and the operation unit, as shown in figure 40.
Embodiment 12
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit, stacking operation unit and Automatic Warehouse operation unit fabrication process training system, the bottom of each operation unit is provided with operation unit pedestal (13), fixedly install operation unit control panel (14) on the operation unit pedestal (13), the top of operation unit pedestal (13) is provided with different operation units, captive joint with bolt of rear end plate between operation unit and the operation unit, as shown in figure 41.
Embodiment 13
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit, goods are discerned buffering operation unit, stacking operation unit and Automatic Warehouse operation unit fabrication process training system automatically, the bottom of each operation unit is provided with operation unit pedestal (13), fixedly install operation unit control panel (14) on the operation unit pedestal (13), the top of operation unit pedestal (13) is provided with different operation units, captive joint with bolt of rear end plate between operation unit and the operation unit, as shown in figure 42.
Embodiment 14
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit, vision-based detection operation unit, beat a sign indicating number operation unit, goods is discerned automatically and is cushioned operation unit, stacking operation unit and Automatic Warehouse operation unit fabrication process training system, the bottom of each operation unit is provided with operation unit pedestal (13), fixedly install operation unit control panel (14) on the operation unit pedestal (13), the top of operation unit pedestal (13) is provided with different operation units, captive joint with bolt of rear end plate between operation unit and the operation unit, as shown in figure 43.
Embodiment 15
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit, goods are discerned buffering operation unit, stacking operation unit, Automatic Warehouse operation unit, freight traffic direction control operation unit and filling unit fabrication process training system automatically, the bottom of each operation unit is provided with operation unit pedestal (13), fixedly install operation unit control panel (14) on the operation unit pedestal (13), the top of operation unit pedestal (13) is provided with different operation units, captive joint with bolt of rear end plate between operation unit and the operation unit, as shown in figure 44.
Embodiment 16
Manipulator assembling transport operation unit, the vision-based detection operation unit, beat the sign indicating number operation unit, goods is discerned the buffering operation unit automatically, the stacking operation unit, the Automatic Warehouse operation unit, freight traffic direction control operation unit and filling unit fabrication process training system, the bottom of each operation unit is provided with operation unit pedestal (13), fixedly install operation unit control panel (14) on the operation unit pedestal (13), the top of operation unit pedestal (13) is provided with different operation units, captive joint with bolt of rear end plate between operation unit and the operation unit, as shown in figure 45.

Claims (5)

1, of a logistics operation training system, which comprises robotic assembly handling operations unit (1), the goods automatically Identification buffer operation unit (2), stacking operations unit (3), automated warehouse operation unit (4), visual inspection worksheets Element (5), play yards operating unit (6), cargo flow control operations unit (7) and container packing operation unit (8); At least more than one operating unit structure operating training system, the lower portion of each operating unit operating unit base (13), Operating unit base (13) is fixedly arranged on the control panel operation unit (14), the operating unit base (13) of the upper set Set different operating units, between the working unit and the operating unit is fixedly connected with the fixing bolts; standard for each operating unit IPC interface with I / O capture card or PLC or microcontroller or embedded computer docking constitute a control system; choose different Operating units combined into a job training system for cascade configuration; robotic assembly handling operations unit (1) of cargo Dislodged turntable mechanism (1-1), material goods ejection mechanism (1-2), material goods translational mechanism (1-3), container ejection mechanism (1-4), Axis robot mechanism (1-5) and transfer means (18); along the manipulator assembly handling operations unit (1) with a side Parallel to the fixed setting of the transfer mechanism (18), the transmission mechanism (18) side of one end portion of turntable cargo shifting mechanism (1-1), cargo shifting rotary body (1-1) of the lower portion of the substrate holder (9), the substrate holder (9) of the lower end portion of the solid Be provided in the robot assembly handling operations unit (1), the substrate body holder (9) of the upper portion of the wheel base (1-1-3), Wheel base (1-1-3) positioned opposite sides of the sensor (1-1-6), rotary base (1-1-3) The upper portion of the transfer Plate (1-1-1), dial (1-1-1) opposite the upper part of at least four equally spaced holes above items (15), the goods holes (15) Set within the cargo in place detection sensor (1-1-5), turntable base (1-1-3) side opposite parallel positioning cylinder (1-1-2), positioning cylinder (1-1-2) of the end portion of the turntable (1-1-1) of cargo holes (15) corresponding to; cargo shifting Turntable mechanism (1-1) of the side of material goods ejection mechanism (1-2), material goods translational mechanism (1-3) and ejection mechanism carton (1-4), material goods push-out mechanism (1-2) a lower end portion of the substrate holder (9), the substrate holder (9) with the lower end portion of the solid Fixed means (10) fixed to the robot assembly handling operations unit (1) on; substrate holder (9) of the upper end portion of cargo storage Feed tower (1-2-1), reservoir material goods Tower (1-2-1) lower fixed setting material goods introduced localizer (1-2-3), material goods launch scheduled Bit units (1-2-3) set within detection sensor (1-2-6), material goods introduced positioning units (1-2-3) parallel to one side of a relatively solid Schedule Set launch cylinder (1-2-2), the introduction of the cylinder (1-2-2) with one end portion of material goods introduced positioning units (1-2-3) corresponds; Material goods translational mechanism (1-3) lower substrate holder (9) by fixing means (10) fixed to the cargo shifting turntable Means (1-1) on the substrate holder (9) parallel to the upper part of the relative translational linear drive (1-3-1), the gas line translational Cylinder (1-3-1) one end fixed to material goods relative vertical lift cylinder (1-3-2), material goods lift cylinder (1-3-2) of Suction end portion (1-3-3); container ejection mechanism (1-4) lower substrate holder (9) by fixing means (10) Assembly fixed to handling operations of the robot unit (1), the substrate body holder (9) of the upper portion of the cargo storage tower (1-4-1), Cargo storage tower (1-4-1) parallel to the side opposite the cylinder fixed to launch cargo box (1-4-2), cargo storage tower (1-4-1), another Side fixed setting chute (1-4-3), cargo storage tower (1-4-1) and slide (1-4-3) corresponds; Axis Manipulator institutions (1-5) The lower substrate holder (9) fixed to the robot assembly handling operations unit (1), the substrate holder (9) Upper fixed setting dial mechanism (1-5-3), rotary mechanism (1-5-3) set the upper relative to the vertical Y axis fixed mounted Set (1-5-2), Y-axis moving means (1-5-2) end portion of the turntable means (1-5-3) is connected to a fixed, Y-axis Means (1-5-2) fixed to the other end of the stepping motor (19), Y-axis moving means (1-5-2) relatively flat in the middle Line set the X-axis moving means (1-5-4), X-axis moving means (1-5-4) in the Y-axis moving means (1-5-2) vertical movement, X-axis moving means (1-5-4) fixed to one end of the stepping motor (19), X-axis moving means (1-5-4) to another Opposite ends of the vertical fixed set gas control robot (1-5-1), gas control robot (1-5-1) as the X-axis moving means (1-5-4) Horizontal movement, the robot axis linkage mechanism (1-5) with the robot assembly handling operations unit (1) operating unit outputs Corresponds to the port; transfer means (18) fixed to the lower portion of the substrate holder (9), the substrate holder (9) of the lower end portion of the solid Be provided in the robot assembly handling operations unit (1), the substrate body holder (9) opposite the upper end portion fixed to flat parallel Line with the (1-6-1), in parallel with the (1-6-1) of the end portion of the tension adjuster (1-6-4), in parallel with the (1-6-1) on the other One end portion of the drive shaft (1-6-2), the transmission mechanism (18) fixed to the lower portion of the AC motor (17), a belt (1-6-3) The AC motor (17) and the output shaft (1-6-2) coupled, synchronous parallel transmission belt (1-6-1) rotation; goods Operating unit automatically recognizes the buffer material (2) Set stocking transport mechanism (18), a number of sorting buffer libraries (2-2) and the Article transfer means (18), arrival transfer means (18) fixed to the lower part of the base holder (9), the base body holder (9) The lower end portion in the automatic identification of goods buffer operation unit (2) is fixed to one side of the relative levels of automatic identification of the goods Buffer operation unit (2), the arrival of the transport mechanism (18) through the opposite, parallel, Library sorting buffer (2-2) in the side Inside arrival transfer means (18) parallel with the (1-6-1) and the end portion of the input operation unit corresponds to the port; stars Select Buffers (2-2) is the mainstay of the substrate holder (9) rectangular, rectangular base bracket (9) along the substrate holder (9) Set double ring roller chain (2-2-2), a rectangular matrix bracket (9) along the substrate holder (9) equally spaced several bucket Style storage shelves (2-2-3), bucket storage shelves (2-2-3) ends of each roller chain with double ring (2-2-2) is relatively flat Fixed line connection, double ring roller chain (2-2-2) led bucket storage shelves (2-2-3) along the rectangular base bracket (9) contained Goods movement, bucket storage shelves (2-2-3) on one side of a fixed set without cargo tank sensor (2-2-5), a rectangular matrix bracket (9) Fixed to the upper side of the DC motor (16) for driving the ring double roller chains (2-2-2) edge of the rectangular base frame (9) chasing Rows of the rectangular base frame (9) fixed to the other side of the lower chain positioning sensor (2-2-6); along the slow automatic identification of goods Punch operation unit (2) is fixed to the other side of the ship opposite horizontal transfer means (18), ship transfer means (18) Parallel with the (1-6-1) and the end portion of the input operation unit corresponds to the port, parallel strips (1-6-1) and the other end portion of the goods Automatic buffer recognition was working unit (2) of the operating unit corresponding to the output port; stacking operation unit (3) for supplying Tray means (3-1), the tray transfer mechanism (18), the goods lifting mechanism (3-3), the goods advancing mechanism (3-4) and Goods transport mechanism (18), supply tray means (3-1) is the main substrate holder (9), the base body holder (9) fixed Provided in the stacking operation unit (3), the substrate holder (9) placed on both sides of the tray fixed to the cylinder (3-1-6), along Substrate holder (9) set within parallel with roller support mechanism (3-1-3), parallel with roller support mechanism (3-1-3) with double Send parallel strips (3-1-4) is connected to the tray pit reserve mechanism (3-1-5) Both ends of the parallel strips double transfer (3-1-4) Connected to the substrate holder (9) fixed to the lower side of the DC motor (16), DC motor (16) driving double pass Send parallel strips (3-1-4) led Pit tray Reserve Agency (3-1-5) the tray into the tray transport mechanism (18); goods Was lifting mechanism (3-3) is the main substrate holder (9), the base body holder (9) and the stacking operation the lower end section (3) Stationary relative to the vertical is connected to the substrate holder (9) on the lift frame opposite parallel goods (3-3-4), cargo lifting frame (3-3-4) Conveying means provided on the goods (3-3-3), the base body holder (9) of the upper portion and the lower portion of the set up limit sensor (3-3-6) and fall limit sensor (3-3-7), control of the goods lifting frame (3-3-4) of the trip, the substrate holder (9) Along one side of the substrate holder (9) opposite parallel roller chains (2-2-2), the substrate holder (9) fixed on one side of the lower end portion DC specific settings (16) Motor (16) the output end of roller chains (2-2-2) is coupled, the DC motor (16) Drive roller chains (2-2-2) led cargo lifting frame (3-3-4) on the rise limit sensor (3-3-6) and fall limit transmission Sensors (3-3-7) laying between lifting and lowering a cargo; cargo advance mechanism (3-4) is the main substrate holder (9), Cargo advance mechanism (3-4) a substrate holder (9) of opposite parallel cargo units (3-4-3), the substrate holder (9), Along the upper side of the substrate holder (9) fixed to a plurality of parallel opposite limit sensors (3-4-2), the substrate holder (9) Fixed to the lower side of the DC motor (16), the goods advancing mechanism (3-4) a substrate holder (9) along the base support Frame (9) opposite parallel double toothed drive belt (3-4-4), the goods advancing mechanism (3-4) a substrate holder (9) of Feeding opposite parallel baffle (3-4-1), the feed plate (3-4-1) Both ends of the double toothed drive belt (3-4-4) Coupled; DC motor (16) driving double drive toothed belt (3-4-4) and feeding baffle (3-4-1) of the cargo units (3-4-3) Material into the goods on the goods lift mechanism (3-3); cargo transfer means (18) one end portion of stacking operation unit (3) The input port of the corresponding working unit, cargo transfer means (18) The other end portion of the goods advance mechanism (3-4) Phase Coupling; tray transfer mechanism (18) one end of the tray with the supply means (3-1) coupled, the tray transfer mechanism (18) The other end portion of the goods lifting mechanism (3-3) is coupled, the transmission mechanism (18) of the tip portion of the other end of the stacking operation Unit (3) operating unit corresponding output port; automated warehouse operations unit (4) to set storage cargo units (4-1), Several repository (4-2), Lane cranes (4-3) and shipping cargo units (4-1), cargo units (4-1) under the subject Portion of the chassis base (4-1-2), the chassis base (4-1-2) is set in an automated warehouse operations fixed unit (4) on the bottom Reel base (4-1-2) fixed to an upper runner (4-1-4), runner (4-1-4) The upper portion of the turntable (4-1-6), Dial (4-1-6) fixed to one side of the DC motor (16), wheel (4-1-6) fixed to the upper part of the cargo platform (4-1) Subject, laden Taiwan (4-1) on one side of the upper body fixed setting sensor (4-1-5), the detection laden Taiwan (4-1) on the goods Material; laden Taiwan (4-1) are arranged in parallel relative to the upper part of the body sprocket drive mechanism (4-1-3), sprocket drive mechanism (4-1-3) Set on a double roller chain (2-2-2), cargo units (4-1) within the body fixed setting DC motor (16), through the roller chain (2-2-2) of the DC motor (16) output terminal and sprocket drive mechanism (4-1-3) is coupled, the DC motor (16) through Over Roller Chain (2-2-2) and sprocket drive mechanism (4-1-3) drive double roller chain (2-2-2) to send TESTED material goods Lane into crane (4-3); repository (4-2) is the main substrate holder (9), divided into a number of rectangular frame, the base Body holder (9) of the frame wall of the goods in pairs parallel to reserve units (4-4-1), the substrate holder (9) side of the pallet Stockpile units (4-4-1) of the upper portion of the sensor (4-4-2); automated warehouse operations unit (4) relative to the middle Parallel lane cranes (4-3), Lane cranes (4-3) along the lower part of the base unit automated warehouse operations (4) Relatively parallel running rail (4-3-3), Lane cranes (4-3) to set the base end portion of the optical encoder (4-3-6) Taking goods and reservoir means (4-3-5), lane crane (4-3) the base end portion of the other DC motor (16), DC Motor (16) driving Chu to take cargo agency (4-3-5) along the running rail (4-3-3) horizontal movement, storage of goods taking institutions (4-3-5) The upper portion of the screw driving a stepping motor (19), screw (4-3-2), and to erase the cargo unit (4-3-4), screw drive step Into the motor (19) of the lower portion of the screw (4-3-2), screw (4-3-2) is provided to take the goods storage means (4-3-4), silk Bar (4-3-2) to take the lower end portion of goods with the reservoir means (4-3-5) is coupled, the stepper motor (19) driving the screw (4-3-2) Take driven cargo storage device (4-3-4) moved up and down; visual inspection operations unit (5) set the visual detection system (5-1), Cargo conveyor mechanism (18), graphics, an image display (5-2) and an image processor (5-3), the goods conveyor Institutions (18) along the visual inspection operations unit (5) to set the relative level jobs in the visual detection unit (5) on one side, cargo Matter belt mechanism (18) for detecting one end of the sensor (5-1-2); visual inspection operation unit (5) to another Side graphics, an image display (5-2) and an image processor (5-3), cargo conveyor mechanism (18) located in the middle Visual inspection system set (5-1), cargo conveyor mechanism (18) opposite, parallel, through visual inspection system (5-1), depending on Sleep detection system (5-1) is the main visual inspection shield bracket (5-1-4), visual inspection shield bracket (5-1-4) across the Cargo conveyor mechanism (18), the visual inspection shield support (5-1-4) of the side of the visual light (5-1-3), Visual inspection shield bracket (5-1-4) set the visual upper column (5-1-5), the visual column (5-1-5) set the visual camera As the first (5-1-6); coding operation unit (6) is set cargo transfer means (18) and coding structure (6-2), the goods Transfer means (18) along the coding operation unit (6) disposed on opposite parallel coding operation unit (6), the transfer of goods Institutions (18) of the side of cargo in place detection sensor (6-1-1) and a code in place sensor (6-1-2), goods Transfer mechanism (18) in the middle of one side coder structure (6-2); goods flow control operations unit (7) Set the monitoring Display (7-1), the longitudinal conveyor chain mechanism (7-2), transverse conveyor chain mechanism (7-3) and a lifting mechanism (7-4), the goods Flow control operation unit (7) is set in the middle monitor display (7-1), the goods flow control operations unit (7) side Controlling the flow of goods along the working unit (7) disposed in parallel to opposite lateral conveyance chain mechanism (7-3), transverse conveyor chain mechanism (7-3) One end portion and the operating unit corresponding to the input port, the lateral transfer chain mechanism (7-3) in the other end portion of the elevating mechanism (7-4) Coupled, horizontal conveyor chain mechanism (7-3) profiles transmission line body (7-2-2) controlled the flow of goods along the working unit (7) Set in the flow of goods relative level of control operations unit (7) side of the transmission line sections body (7-2-2) along the profiles between Transmission line body (7-2-2) horizontally relative to the chain support (7-2-3), the chain support (7-2-3) of the end portion Driven shaft (7-3-1), the chain support (7-2-3) of the other end portion of the drive shaft (7-2-1) and AC motor (17), AC motor (17) drives the driving shaft (7-2-1) led support plate supporting the chain (7-2-3) on the roller chain (2-2-2); Goods flow control operations unit (7) along the side of the flow of goods control operations unit (7) relative to the vertical longitudinal conveyor chain set Means (7-2), the longitudinal conveyor chain mechanism (7-2) end portion of the elevating mechanism (7-4) is coupled, the lateral conveyor chain drive Structure (7-3) and the other end portion of the output port corresponding to the operating unit, the longitudinal conveyor chain mechanism (7-2) of the transmission line sections Body (7-2-2) controlled the flow of goods along the working unit (7) disposed in the flow of goods relative levels of job control unit (7) of the Side of the body of the transmission line sections (7-2-2) profiles along the transmission line between the body (7-2-2) set the relative levels of the chain support plate (7-2-3), Chain supporting plate (7-2-3) of the end portion of the driven shaft (7-3-1), the chain support (7-2-3) of the other end portion of the Drive shaft (7-2-1) and AC motor (17), AC motor (17) drives the driving shaft (7-2-1) led the chain support Support plate (7-2-3) on the roller chain (2-2-2); lifting mechanism (7-4) disposed below the lifting plate (7-4-1), up Descending plate (7-4-1) set an upper fixed cylinder (7-4-2), cylinder (7-4-2) of the guide sleeve (7-4-9) and the guide post (7-4-10) Lifting the upper portion of the plate (7-4-3), lifting plate (7-4-3) set an upper fixed number of hexagonal columns (7-4-4), Hexagonal column (7-4-4) is set down on the upper part of the fixed plate (7-4-5) in the hexagonal column (7-4-4) set between DC Motor (16), lift the upper plate (7-4-5) parallel to the upper part of the relative roller bracket (7-4-6), the roller shaft holder (7-4-6) Set on a number of rollers (7-4-7); DC motor (16) driving roller shaft (7-4-7) in the cargo terminal from the operating unit input Port into the transverse conveyor chain mechanism (7-3), through the roller shaft (7-4-7) to achieve conversion of 90 ° back into the vertical conveyor chain Means (7-2) by the operating unit output port; container packing operation unit (8) to set the transfer packing mechanism (18), Packing means (8-3) and a number of spare containers (8-2), packing the transfer mechanism (18) of the lower substrate holder (9), The substrate holder (9) of the lower portion of the container packing operation unit (8) is fixed connected to the substrate holder (9) of the upper Ministry relatively parallel beams (8-1-1), beam (8-1-1) set both ends of each shaft (1-6-2) and tension adjustment Device (1-6-4), shaft (1-6-2) and the tension adjuster (1-6-4) between the roller chain (2-2-2), packing the mass Transfer means (18) one end of the container packing operation unit (8) of the operating element corresponds to the input port, the beam (8-1-1) The lower portion of the DC motor (16), promoting the goods stand (8-1-4), lifting cylinder (7-4-2), light bar rail (8-1-6) And slider (8-1-7), cargo promote bracket (8-1-4) through the slider end portion (8-1-7) and the DC motor (16) the output of Connect the terminal of the goods to promote bracket (8-1-4) of the lower fixed settings lifting cylinder (8-1-5), the drive DC motor (16) Driven cargo promote bracket (8-1-4) along the optical bar rails (8-1-6) move, driven lift cylinder (7-4-2) led the goods Promote bracket (8-1-4) up and down; boxed transfer mechanism (18) The other end portion of the container body (8-3), Packing mechanism (8-3) the relative level of the lower fixed plate fixed setting (8-2-2), the fixed plate (8-2-2) and container Packing operation unit (8) is fixed connected to the fixed plate (8-2-2) fixed to the hydraulic cylinder relative to the vertical (8-1-5) And guide posts (7-4-10), guide posts (7-4-10) is set in the hydraulic cylinder (8-1-5) on both sides of the hydraulic cylinder (8-1-5) and the guide post (7-4-10) the relative level of the upper part of a fixed set down the tray (8-2-1), lift the tray (8-2-1) on one side of a fixed set Home goods full sensor (8-2-4), lift the tray (8-2-1) placed on the upper part of the container (8-2-3); container packing operations Unit (8) placed on the other side of the plurality of spare containers (8-2). ...
2, logistics operation training system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described several operation units realize communication between each operation unit PLC by the PC-LINK communication network, constitute the PLC control system, (-) terminal of the transmission line of terminal and E terminal short circuit, its network body structure is a three-decker, wherein Physical layer and data link layer are towards communicating by letter, the application layer user oriented provides service, shared storage communication in the serial communication, to all marking a memory space in each station communication unit, the memory space all occupies identical address number space at each station, shared storage is the LINK district, LINK district common share communication mode only is applicable to the token mode exchange message between PLC and the PLC, is N:N communication, and the actuating unit in the operation unit comprises servomotor, alternating current dynamo, DC machine, stepping motor and cylinder; Each operation unit is provided with the electrical wiring mouth of the modular interface of single chip circuit and decision circuit as each device separately, comprising that PLC output is main makes signal and the required line of sensor all directly be connected with switching interface, and the flow direction that flows according to signal information is connected the signal orientation of PLC, sensor and actr with terminal interface.
3, logistics operation training system according to claim 1 is characterized in that the actuating unit in the described operation unit is connected with intelligent protection module, and the sensor in the operation unit is connected with intelligent protection module with standard interface B; Standard interface all has input terminal and lead-out terminal, the input terminal of standard interface and the corresponding connection of the lead-out terminal of another standard interface, standard interface A is fixedly installed on the control panel (14), fixing just the loading in each operation unit of mark interface B, and by the servomotor in intelligent object and the operation unit, alternating current dynamo, DC machine, stepping motor is connected with cylinder, being arranged on the on-site signal that various sensors produce in the operation unit is connected with intelligent protection module with standard interface B by circuit, power supply is imported by standard interface A, B provides power supply to actuating unit by standard interface, the lead-out terminal of standard interface A is connected with the input port of PLC, and the input terminal of standard interface A is connected with the output port of PLC; Sensor in the input terminal of standard interface B and the operation unit is connected, the lead-out terminal of standard interface B is connected with the input port of intelligent protection module, the output interface of intelligent protection module is connected with actuating unit, and the sensor of operation unit is connected with the input interface of intelligent protection module; The master makes signal be connected with the output interface of standard interface A, the master makes signal be connected with the input interface of switching interface, the output interface of switching interface is connected with the input interface of standard interface A, the output interface of PLC is connected with switching interface, and the output interface of PLC is connected with the input interface of standard interface A.
4, logistics operation training system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the described single chip circuit that is arranged in the operation unit comprises that enhancement mode LPC900 series monolithic or ARM32 position are controller or PIC micro controller system or DSP micro controller system, the decision circuit that is arranged in the operation unit comprises programmable logic device (PLD) (PLD) or matrix circuit.
5, logistics operation training system according to claim 1, the top that it is characterized in that the parallel band (1-6-1) of described connecting gear (18) fixedly installs opto-electronic pickup (2-1-5), capacitive transducer (2-1-1), color sensor (2-1-2) and idle capacity sensor (2-1-3) along parallel band (1-6-1), and a side of capacitive transducer (2-1-1), color sensor (2-1-2) and idle capacity sensor (2-1-3) fixedly installs cylinder fixed support (2-1-4); The top of the parallel band (1-6-1) of connecting gear (18) fixedly installs goods locating part (2-5-2) along parallel band (1-6-1), and the other end of parallel band (1-6-1) is corresponding with the operation unit output port.
CN 200520026633 2005-07-11 2005-07-11 Logistic work training system CN2803998Y (en)

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CN104627591A (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-05-20 苏州得尔达国际物流有限公司 Intelligent warehousing ex-warehouse risk control system
CN104627591B (en) * 2015-02-05 2017-09-29 苏州得尔达国际物流有限公司 Intelligent storage outbound risk control system
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