CN2586948Y - Heat and cold wind drying apparatus for farm and side line product - Google Patents

Heat and cold wind drying apparatus for farm and side line product Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2586948Y
CN2586948Y CN 02249645 CN02249645U CN2586948Y CN 2586948 Y CN2586948 Y CN 2586948Y CN 02249645 CN02249645 CN 02249645 CN 02249645 U CN02249645 U CN 02249645U CN 2586948 Y CN2586948 Y CN 2586948Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drying
hot
hot air
air chamber
dry slot
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 02249645
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶盛英
谭满成
李远志
唐志雄
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South China Agricultural University
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South China Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by South China Agricultural University filed Critical South China Agricultural University
Priority to CN 02249645 priority Critical patent/CN2586948Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2586948Y publication Critical patent/CN2586948Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a drying device for agricultural and sideline products. The utility model is composed of a drying barn, drying grooves, a hot air chamber, a cold wind generator, a hot wind stove, etc. Each drying groove is arranged in the drying barn, the hot air chamber is arranged in the inner cavity of each drying groove, and the hot air chamber is connected with a blower and the hot wind stove through a wind pipe. The cold wind generator is installed between the drying grooves, and ventilation holes are respectively arranged on the side wall of each drying groove and on the side wall of the hot air chamber. The hot air which is produced by the hot wind stove enters the hot air chamber from the wind pipe through the blower, and the hot air passes through the article-containing chamber of the drying groove from the side wall of the hot air chamber in radical direction to carry out heat exchange with materials to be dried; when the materials to be dried achieve certain water content, hot wind is closed, and the cold wind generator is started to carry out cold wind drying; when drying for the materials to be dried are finished, a movable switch plate on the bottom of the drying groove is opened, and the material which are dried are discharged from the movable switch plate. The utility model has the advantages of small power consumption and stable product quality. The utility model not only can be used for drying the agricultural and sideline products of grain classes but also can be used for drying other agricultural and sideline product classes, such as a litchi class, a longan class, an aquatic product class, etc. when hanging facilities are additionally arranged between the drying grooves to reduce the vacancy rate of the drying device.

Description

The hot cold air drying device of agricultural byproducts drying
The utility model relates to a kind of drying device, especially the agricultural byproducts drying device.
In China, after the agricultural byproducts results, mainly, restrict because of being subjected to weather by the artificial airing in threshing ground, agricultural byproducts are in the airing process, and loss late is higher.The drying equipment that is exclusively used in paddy, corn, fish had been arranged afterwards, but it is less that these equipment use in the rural area, mainly contain two reasons: one, these drying equipments all are to adopt heated-air drying, it is big to be suitable for water content, the dry materials that is difficult for thermal metamorphism, and because of its wind-warm syndrome higher, energy consumption height, product quality instability.Two, above-mentioned heated-air drying equipment all is the equipment that is exclusively used in single material, and equipment vacancy rate height not too is suitable for easy thermal metamorphism or bioactive agricultural byproducts dried material drying, and the producer is difficult to accept.
For addressing the above problem, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of agricultural byproducts drying device that is suitable for, and this device both can dry seed class agricultural byproducts, also can dry other non-seed class agricultural byproducts.This device is undertaken dry materials by hot blast and cold wind over-over mode, has lower, the product with stable quality of energy consumption, the characteristics that utilization rate is higher.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following scheme:
The hot cold air drying device that is used for the agricultural byproducts drying is characterized in that thermal-arrest wind and cold wind two kinds dehydrate technology.In dryness storehouse, be provided with hot air system, quenching system and one to multiple dry slot.There is hot air chamber at dry slot center in the dryness storehouse, and the sidewall of hot air chamber is the porous breathable sheet metal; The middle hot air chamber both sides of dry slot are the glove chamber, dry slot by screw machine from its top feed, bottom discharge.Quenching system is installed between the dry slot.
The hot cold air drying device of above-mentioned agricultural byproducts drying, when being used for seed class agricultural byproducts drying, hot-air enters hot air chamber through pipeline, sees through the passage of hot air chamber's locular wall, radially passes the thin layer seed class agricultural byproducts in the glove chamber, carry out heat exchange with seed class agricultural byproducts, seed class agricultural byproducts reach certain moisture content, close hot blast, start quenching system, carry out the lower cold air drying of energy consumption, whole dry run hot blast and cold air drying hocket.When being used for the agricultural byproducts drying of other class, between dry slot, set up hanging equipment, other class agricultural byproducts to be dried are placed on the hanging equipment, heated air source, cold wind generator that dry slot is considered as in the dryness storehouse are considered as dehumidifier and cold air drying source in the dryness storehouse, dry materials carries out in alternately at hot blast and cold wind, thereby improves drying equipment utilization rate height.
The utility model is made up of dryness storehouse, dry slot, cold wind generator, airduct, hot-blast stove, blower fan.Be provided with one to multiple seat dry slot in the dryness storehouse, the dry slot top has feed opening, the bottom is provided with the movable switch plate, the cell wall of dry slot has passage, the sidewall that is provided with glove chamber and hot air chamber, hot air chamber in the dry slot has passage, hot air chamber is connected with hot-blast stove with blower fan by airduct, is provided with the cold wind generator between the dry slot.
For the continuity convenient and that produce of working, be respectively equipped with conveying worm at dry slot top and bottom, at the other parallel installation elevator of upper and lower two conveying worms with dry slot, bottom spiral conveyer is installed in the below of dry slot movable switch plate, the discharging opening of bottom spiral conveyer and the feeding mouth of elevator join, and the charging aperture that is installed in the conveying worm at dry slot top joins with the material road that is connected on the elevator.
Now be described further in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1: structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2: structure partial enlarged drawing of the present utility model;
Fig. 3: the drying system plane that the utility model and other assemblies constitute.
The utility model is made up of dryness storehouse 1, dry slot 2, cold wind generator 3, airduct 4, blower fan 5, hot-blast stove 6.Be provided with one to multiple seat dry slot 2 in the dryness storehouse 1, the dry slot lower end is fixed on the I-steel 11,12 above the support 15, support 15, conveying worm 13 are installed on the ground, be fixed on the dry slot on the channel-section steel 9 above the dividing plate 8, have feed opening 7 on the dividing plate, conveying worm 18 is equipped with in feed opening 7 tops.Hot air chamber 16 is in the inner chamber of dry slot 2, and an end seals, and the other end is fixedlyed connected with blower fan 5 by airduct 4, and blower fan 5 is fixedlyed connected with hot-blast stove 6 by airduct 4.Dry slot 2 and hot air chamber 16 can make with sheet metal, have air vent 10 on the sidewall of dry slot and hot air chamber, and cold wind generator 3 is installed between the dry groove.Aborning, utilize conveying worm 13, conveying worm 18, elevator 21, buffering bucket 27, hopper 26 grades will be placed on seed class agricultural byproducts running to be dried in the glove chamber 17, constitute glove chamber 17 by space in the dry slot and hot air chamber's external space, its bottom is provided with movable switch plate 14, conveying worm 13 is below movable switch plate 14, the discharging opening 19 of conveying worm 13 joins with the feeding mouth 20 of elevator 21, conveying worm 18 is provided with charging aperture 28 and bottom land blanking plate 29, elevator 21 discharging openings and triple valve 26 join, triple valve 26 joins with material road 27 on one side, and material road 27 is connected with the charging aperture 28 of conveying worm 18; Triple valve 26 another sides and buffering bucket 25 join, buffering bucket 25 is installed in above the dividing plate 8, and hopper 24 is installed in below the dividing plate 8, has notch and buffering bucket 25 joins on its top, discharging opening 25 and the auxilliary road 22 of material are arranged at hopper 24 bottoms, and the auxilliary road 23 of material joins by bolt and hopper 24.
To need dry seed class agricultural byproducts to put into by the feeding mouth 20 of bucket elevator 21 during use, elevator 21 promotes material, by triple valve 26, material road 27, charging aperture 28, conveying worm 18, blanking plate 29 to 17 chargings of glove chamber.The hot blast that hot-blast stove 6 is produced, by airduct 4, blower fan 5 hot blast is sent into hot air chamber 16, the air vent 10 that hot blast radially sees through hot air chamber's sidewall enters glove chamber 17 and carries out heat exchange with seed class agricultural byproducts to be dried, and the hot-air air vent 10 of drying groove 2 cell walls is again discharged.Heated-air drying is closed hot-blast stove after a period of time, and the open cold air generator carries out dehumidifier and cold air drying, and whole dry run hot blast and cold air drying hocket, and reaches requirement until seed class agricultural byproducts moisture content.Seed class agricultural byproducts have been met the requirements of by movable switch plate 14, conveying worm 13, bucket elevator 21, triple valve 26, buffering bucket 25, hopper 24, from discharging opening 23 outputs of hopper.If dry materials is even inadequately, close hopper 24 discharging openings 23, with bolt the auxilliary road 22 of material is joined with hopper 24, material is dry again to glove chamber 17 charging again by the auxilliary road 22 of material, bucket elevator 21, triple valve 26, material road 27, charging aperture 28, conveying worm 18, blanking plate 29.When not carrying out seed class agricultural byproducts drying, between dry slot, set up hanging equipment, other agricultural byproducts to be dried are placed carry out the drying processing on the hanging equipment.
In the present embodiment, the long 32m of dryness storehouse, wide 7m, configuration 80 * 10 5Card hot-blast stove, two 1 kilowatt of cold wind generators, the dry slot of built-in 3 the long 1.9m of dryness storehouse, separation 1.6m, dry slot width 0.4m, height 2.4m, glove chamber width 0.26m, the gas permeable material that uses on the sidewall of dry slot and hot air chamber is the porous sheet metal, distance between borehole is 8mm, and the aperture is 2mm.
As previously mentioned, the utlity model has following advantage: 1. low, the product with stable quality of dry run energy consumption. When dry agricultural byproducts arrive certain water content, close hot-blast stove, stop to send hot blast, the open cold air generator Carry out dehumidifier and cold air drying, whole dry run hot blast and cold wind replace, and can save 15% above energy consumption, And prevent overdried situation to occur. 2. improved the service efficiency of drying device. Between dry slot, increase If hanging equipment, heated air source, cold wind generator that dry slot is considered as in the dryness storehouse are considered as taking out in the dryness storehouse Wet and the cold air drying source, agricultural byproducts to be dried (such as aquatic products, lichee, longan etc.) are placed to hang establish Execute and carry out the drying processing. Become single seed class agricultural byproducts drying device and be the drying of multiple agricultural byproducts Treating apparatus, the vacancy rate of reduction drying device.

Claims (2)

1. hot cold air drying device that is used for the agricultural byproducts drying, form by dryness storehouse, dry slot, cold wind generator, airduct, hot-blast stove, blower fan, be provided with one to multiple seat dry slot in the dryness storehouse, the dry slot top has feed opening, the bottom is provided with the movable switch plate, the sidewall that is provided with glove chamber and hot air chamber, hot air chamber in the dry slot has passage, hot air chamber is connected with hot-blast stove with blower fan by airduct, is provided with the cold wind generator between the dry slot.
2. hot cold air drying device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be respectively equipped with conveying worm at dry slot top and bottom, at the other parallel installation elevator of upper and lower two conveying worms with dry slot, bottom spiral conveyer is installed in the below of dry slot movable switch plate, the discharging opening of bottom spiral conveyer and the feeding mouth of elevator join, and the charging aperture that is installed in the conveying worm at dry slot top joins with the material road that is connected on the elevator.
CN 02249645 2002-11-20 2002-11-20 Heat and cold wind drying apparatus for farm and side line product Expired - Fee Related CN2586948Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02249645 CN2586948Y (en) 2002-11-20 2002-11-20 Heat and cold wind drying apparatus for farm and side line product

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02249645 CN2586948Y (en) 2002-11-20 2002-11-20 Heat and cold wind drying apparatus for farm and side line product

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2586948Y true CN2586948Y (en) 2003-11-19

Family

ID=33720032

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 02249645 Expired - Fee Related CN2586948Y (en) 2002-11-20 2002-11-20 Heat and cold wind drying apparatus for farm and side line product

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2586948Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101911964A (en) * 2010-07-01 2010-12-15 福建省南安市南金林场 Baking method of dried longans
CN103539043A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-01-29 高州市丰盛食品有限公司 Longan oven feeder
CN105861098A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-08-17 安徽新生力生物科技有限公司 Biomass drying method

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101911964A (en) * 2010-07-01 2010-12-15 福建省南安市南金林场 Baking method of dried longans
CN101911964B (en) * 2010-07-01 2012-11-07 福建省南安市南金林场 Baking method of dried longans
CN103539043A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-01-29 高州市丰盛食品有限公司 Longan oven feeder
CN103539043B (en) * 2013-10-24 2016-08-24 高州市丰盛食品有限公司 Longan oven feeder
CN105861098A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-08-17 安徽新生力生物科技有限公司 Biomass drying method

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C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee