CN216807272U - Contact arrangement device - Google Patents

Contact arrangement device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN216807272U
CN216807272U CN202220363578.3U CN202220363578U CN216807272U CN 216807272 U CN216807272 U CN 216807272U CN 202220363578 U CN202220363578 U CN 202220363578U CN 216807272 U CN216807272 U CN 216807272U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
tray
contact
driving mechanism
driving
feeding
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Active
Application number
CN202220363578.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏金涛
李政一
田飞
黄坚松
戚双祥
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Ningbo Dongda Shenle Electric Alloy Co ltd
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Ningbo Dongda Shenle Electric Alloy Co ltd
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Application filed by Ningbo Dongda Shenle Electric Alloy Co ltd filed Critical Ningbo Dongda Shenle Electric Alloy Co ltd
Priority to CN202220363578.3U priority Critical patent/CN216807272U/en
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Publication of CN216807272U publication Critical patent/CN216807272U/en
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Abstract

The contact placing equipment disclosed by the utility model conveys a plurality of contacts on the material distributing channel respectively, the contact picking device moves under the driving of the transfer device, and air is extracted from the material suction pipeline through the negative pressure generating assembly to form negative pressure at the end part of the material suction pipeline, a plurality of contacts conveyed through the material distribution pipeline are sucked in batches, and the contact pads and the contacts are all arranged in the accommodating grooves of the tray, the in-process that conveys and put is difficult to the aversion, has improved the positioning accuracy of contact and soldering lug, snatchs the contact through inhaling the material pipeline, can improve and snatch efficiency, and can prevent to leak and grab.

Description

Contact arrangement device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of contact batch placement, in particular to contact placement equipment.
Background
The contact is an action point for separating and contacting each other when the switching device is opened and closed. The welding contact needs to be compounded with a welding material layer on the back of the contact, and then the welding material layer is combined with other parts such as a contact bridge and the like through a welding process to form an assembly. In the traditional processing method, the contacts are generally placed on the soldering lug manually, and then the soldering lug and the contacts are compounded through sintering, so that the labor intensity is high, and the production efficiency is low. The soldering lug is continuously conveyed through a conveying mechanism by the conventional equipment, and then a single silver contact on another conveying mechanism is grabbed onto the corresponding soldering lug through the grabbing mechanism, so that the contact is automatically placed on the soldering lug. But in the process of soldering lug conveying, grabbing the mechanism round trip movement and contact loading and unloading, there is certain waiting time, so that the efficiency of contact placement is lower.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the defects of the prior art, and the specific structure of the contact arranging device is as follows.
The utility model provides a contact placing device which comprises a tray conveying device, a contact picking device and a transferring device, wherein the tray conveying device is used for conveying a tray, a plurality of accommodating grooves are arranged on the tray at intervals and used for loading soldering lugs, the contact conveying device is positioned at the loading position of the contact picking device, the tray conveying device is positioned at the blanking position of the contact picking device, the contact conveying device comprises a plurality of distributing channels arranged corresponding to the accommodating grooves, the contact picking device comprises a negative pressure generating assembly and a plurality of material sucking channels arranged corresponding to the distributing channels, the negative pressure generating assembly or the material sucking channels are arranged on the transferring device, and the material sucking channels are connected with the air suction ends of the negative pressure generating assembly and used for sucking contacts conveyed through the distributing channels.
Further, still include stacker and tray stop device, be equipped with the tray accommodation space that is used for stacking a plurality of trays on the stacker, the bottom in tray accommodation space is equipped with the feed opening, tray conveyer sets up in the below of feed opening, install elevating gear on the stacker, the last pick-up blowing device that installs of elevating gear.
The tray limiting device comprises a first driving mechanism and a limiting plate movably arranged at the feed opening, and the output end of the first driving mechanism is matched to act on the limiting plate, so that the clamping part of the limiting plate clamps or supports the tray at the feed opening; the tray picking and placing device comprises two opposite supporting plates which are respectively positioned at two sides of the tray conveying device, and supporting parts positioned below the feed opening are arranged on the supporting plates.
Furthermore, the disk picking and placing device further comprises a second driving mechanism, the second driving mechanism is installed on the lifting device, and the two supporting plates are connected with the second driving mechanism and driven by the second driving mechanism to approach or open each other.
Preferably, the second driving mechanism comprises two driving cylinders mounted on the lifting device, and piston rods of the two driving cylinders are arranged oppositely and are respectively connected with a supporting plate.
Further, contact conveyer includes vibration dish, first vibration feeder, the vibration dish is equipped with a plurality ofly, first vibration feeder is connected with the cooperation of vibration dish, be equipped with on the first vibration feeder draw the material way and a plurality of branch material way that says the intercommunication with drawing the material.
Furthermore, the contact conveying device further comprises a first support, a plurality of feeding troughs correspondingly connected with the material distributing channels are arranged on the first support, and the discharge ends of the feeding troughs are located at the feeding positions of the material sucking pipelines.
Furthermore, the discharge end of the vibration disc is connected with a plurality of second vibration feeders, a plurality of positive and negative identification material channels are arranged on the second vibration feeders, and the feed ends of the feeding channels are connected with the positive and negative identification material channels;
and a slope or a charging chute is arranged on the positive and negative identification material channel.
Preferably, the contact pickup devices are oppositely arranged on the transfer device, and the contact pickup devices correspond to the first vibration feeders one by one.
Further, still include tray unloader, tray unloader includes that tray transfer mechanism, tray press from both sides and gets the mechanism, the tray is got the mechanism and is installed on tray transfer mechanism, the material loading department that the mechanism was got to the tray clamp is located tray conveyer's discharge end.
The stacking device comprises a third driving mechanism and a material pushing plate, the output end of the third driving mechanism is connected with the material pushing plate, and the material pushing plate is arranged at the feeding end of the stacking platform.
Further, the middle part of limiting plate articulates on the windrow frame so that the clamping part rotates and locates the feed opening, first actuating mechanism's output and limiting plate cooperation are supported and are leaned on.
Preferably, the first driving mechanism is vertically installed on the stacker, a top pressing block is installed at the output end of the first driving mechanism, a pressed portion is arranged at the upper end of the limiting plate, and a top pressing face of the top pressing block is an inclined face abutting against and contacting the pressed portion and is used for driving the limiting plate to rotate under the action of the first driving mechanism so as to clamp or release the tray.
Further, still include the frame, tray conveyer installs in the frame, tray conveyer includes fourth actuating mechanism, action wheel, follows driving wheel and conveyer belt, the action wheel, rotate from the driving wheel and install in the frame, the action wheel passes through the conveyer belt transmission with following the driving wheel and is connected, fourth actuating mechanism's output and action wheel cooperate and are connected, the conveyer belt is located the feed opening below between two backup pads.
Preferably, a plurality of limiting parts are arranged in the extending direction of the conveyor belt at intervals, and a tray released from the feed opening is placed between the corresponding limiting parts which are arranged adjacently.
Preferably, the rack is provided with guide plates positioned on two sides of the conveyor belt, and the guide plates are positioned at the outer ends of the supporting plates.
Preferably, the lower extreme of backup pad is equipped with the horizontal extension section, the supporting part sets up on the horizontal extension section and the setting of protrusion in the inside wall of horizontal extension section, the conveyer belt is protruding to be located on the frame surface.
Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme of the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
the contact placing equipment provided by the utility model conveys a plurality of contacts on the material distributing channel respectively, the contact picking device moves under the driving of the transfer device, and air is extracted from the material suction pipeline through the negative pressure generating assembly to form negative pressure at the end part of the material suction pipeline, a plurality of contacts conveyed through the material distribution pipeline are sucked in batches, and the contact pads and the contacts are all arranged in the accommodating grooves of the tray, the in-process that conveys and put is difficult to the aversion, has improved the positioning accuracy of contact and soldering lug, snatchs the contact through inhaling the material pipeline, can improve and snatch efficiency, and can prevent to leak and grab.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a contact placement device provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a contact transfer device, a contact pickup device, and a transfer device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a tray blanking device, a tray stacking platform and a material pushing device provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4a is a schematic structural diagram (one) of a stacker and a tray conveyer according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4b is a schematic structural diagram (two) of the stacker and the tray conveying device according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a stacker according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of the tray conveying apparatus provided in the embodiment of the present invention with the conveyor belt and a part of the rack removed;
fig. 7 is a front-back identification channel according to an embodiment of the present invention.
The reference numbers are as follows:
1. a stacking rack 1a, a feed opening 1b, a slot 2, a tray conveying device 21, a fourth driving mechanism 22, a driving wheel 23, a driven wheel 24, a conveying belt 25, a limiting part 26, a guide plate 27, a first bevel gear 28, a second bevel gear 3, a tray limiting device 31, a first driving mechanism 32, a limiting plate 32a, a pressure part 32b, a clamping part 33, a top pressing block 33a, a slope 4, a lifting device 41, a fifth driving mechanism 42, a lifting block 5, a tray picking and placing device 51, a second driving mechanism 511, a driving cylinder 52, a supporting plate 52, 52a supporting part 521, a horizontal extension section 6, a frame 10, a tray 10a, a containing groove 11, a contact conveying device 11a, a material separating channel 111, a vibrating tray 112, a first vibrating tray 112a, a material guiding channel 112, 113. the device comprises a first support, 113a, a feeding groove, 114, a second vibrating feeder, 114a, a positive and negative identification material channel, 114b, a gradient, 114c, a blanking groove, 115, a guide inclined plane, 12, a contact picking device, 122, a material suction channel, 13, a transfer device, 14, a tray blanking device, 141, a tray transfer mechanism, 142, a tray clamping mechanism, 1421, a driving component, 1422, a clamping block, 1423, a pressing plate, 143, a buffer mechanism, 1431, a lower buffer plate, 1432, an upper buffer plate, 15, a stacking platform, 16, a material pushing device, 161, a third driving mechanism, 162, a material pushing plate, 17, a workbench, 18, a roller, 19 and a contact.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments that can be derived by one of ordinary skill in the art from the embodiments given herein are intended to be within the scope of the present invention.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the present invention provides a contact-laying device, including a tray transfer means 2 for transferring a tray 10, the contact conveying device 11 is arranged at a feeding position of the contact picking device 12, the tray conveying device 2 is arranged at a discharging position of the contact picking device 12, the contact conveying device 11 comprises a plurality of material distribution channels 11a which are arranged corresponding to the accommodating grooves 10a, the contact picking device 12 comprises a negative pressure generating assembly (not shown in the figure) and a plurality of material suction channels 122 which are arranged corresponding to the material distribution channels 11a, the negative pressure generating assembly or the material suction channels 122 are arranged on the conveying device 13, and the material suction channels 122 are connected with an air suction end of the negative pressure generating assembly and are used for sucking the contacts 19 which are conveyed through the material distribution channels 11 a.
The accommodating groove 10a is provided with a plurality of rows in the tray 10, so that a large number of soldering lugs and contacts can be accommodated in batch conveniently, the soldering lugs placed in the previous process are placed in the accommodating groove 10a of the tray 10, the soldering lugs are silver alloy soldering lugs, and a plurality of sucked contacts are placed on the corresponding soldering lugs through the contact pickup device 12 and the transfer device 13, so that the contacts can be placed in batch.
In this embodiment, the transfer device 13 is provided with a mounting plate, a plurality of material suction pipes 122 are arranged on the mounting plate at intervals along the vertical direction, the negative pressure generating assembly is fixed on the mounting plate, and the negative pressure generating assembly is a vacuum generator.
Preferably, still include stacking frame 1 and tray stop device 3, be equipped with the tray accommodation space that is used for stacking a plurality of trays 10 on stacking frame 1, the bottom of tray accommodation space is equipped with feed opening 1a, and tray conveyer 2 sets up in the below of feed opening 1a, installs elevating gear 4 on stacking frame 1, installs on elevating gear 4 and picks up the blowing device 5.
The tray limiting device 3 comprises a first driving mechanism 31 and a limiting plate 32 movably arranged at the feed opening 1a, and the output end of the first driving mechanism 31 is matched to act on the limiting plate 32, so that the clamping part 32b of the limiting plate 32 clamps or supports the tray 10 at the feed opening 1 a; the disc picking and placing device 5 includes two support plates 52 disposed oppositely and respectively located at two sides of the tray conveying device 2, and a support portion 52a located below the feed opening 1a is disposed on the support plates 52.
Adopt the movable size that sets up in order to adjust feed opening 1a of first actuating mechanism 31 drive limiting plate 32, make limiting plate 32 press from both sides tight tray 10 or support tray 10 bottom, two backup pad 52 rebound of elevating gear 4 drive are taken one's place in feed opening 1a, make limiting plate 32 release tray 10 that drops and upper tray 10 support, resume the limiting displacement to another tray 10 when limiting plate 32, two backup pad 52 of elevating gear 4 drive move down, place tray 10 on the supporting part 52a on tray conveyer 2, carry out the material loading to tray 10 of putting the soldering lug. Because the backup pad 52 sets up in the tray conveyer 2 outside, put the dish in-process and can not interfere with it, can place tray 10 accuracy on tray conveyer 2, and the soldering lug is placed in corresponding storage tank 10a of tray 10 in batches and spaced apart, the in-process of conveying is difficult to the aversion, the positioning accuracy of soldering lug has been improved, place the contact for follow-up batch and provide preparation work, through piling up the setting with a plurality of trays 10, better realization space utilization, the realization is to the continuous pickup that has the tray of batch soldering lug.
One side of the stacking frame 1 is open, so that a material pushing mechanism in the previous process can push a plurality of stacked trays 10 to the tray accommodating space from the previous station through the connecting plate, and the tray 10 can be continuously loaded. In this embodiment, the top of the stacker 1 is open.
In order to further improve the loading efficiency, a plurality of groups of stacked trays 10 can be accommodated in the tray accommodating space, and another group of stacked trays 10 can be pushed into the tray accommodating space by the pushing mechanism in the previous process without waiting for the trays 10 in the tray accommodating space to be picked up.
The output end of the first driving mechanism 31 is matched with and acts on the limiting plate 32, which means that the output end of the first driving mechanism 31 can be directly connected with the limiting plate 32 to drive the limiting plate 32 to move, and can also abut against the limiting plate 32 to move at the feed opening 1a by driving the limiting plate 32 movably arranged on the stacker 1 or other supporting structures, so that the size of the feed opening 1a can be adjusted.
In this embodiment, the limiting plate 32 can be arranged on the side of the stacker 1 in a penetrating manner to be matched with the feed opening 1a, or the limiting plate 32 is arranged below the feed opening 1a, so that the side surface of the tray 10 can be clamped or the bottom of the tray 10 can be supported.
Specifically, the middle part of limiting plate 32 articulates on stacker 1 so that clamping part 32b rotates and locates feed opening 1a, and the output of first actuating mechanism 31 supports with limiting plate 32 cooperation and leans on.
As shown in fig. 5, preferably, the first driving mechanism 31 is vertically installed on the stacker 1, a top pressing block 33 is installed on an output end of the first driving mechanism 31, a pressed portion 32a is installed at an upper end of the limiting plate 32, and a top pressing surface of the top pressing block 33 is an inclined surface 33a which is in contact with the pressed portion 32a in an abutting manner, and is used for driving the limiting plate 32 to rotate under the action of the first driving mechanism 31 to clamp the tray 10. The installation space is saved and the tray 10 can be reliably clamped.
In this embodiment, the first driving mechanism 31 is an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder, preferably an air cylinder, so as to improve the feeding efficiency. The first driving mechanism 31 is installed on the side face of the stacking frame 1, a top pressure plate is arranged at the output end of the first driving mechanism 31, a top pressure block 33 is installed on the top pressure plate, a slot 1b connected with the discharging port 1a is formed in the side face of the stacking frame 1, the limiting plate 32 is L-shaped, a clamping portion 32b of the limiting plate 32 is located at the lower end of the limiting plate 32 and is horizontally and slidably arranged on the slot 1b to be matched and abutted with the side face of the tray 10, the first driving mechanism 31 can be arranged on one side of the stacking frame 1 or can be correspondingly arranged on two sides of the stacking frame 1, and the tray 10 can be clamped from two sides; the upper end of the limit plate 32 is provided with a through groove, and the through groove is provided with a connecting rod which is used as a pressed part 32a and is matched with and abutted against the inclined plane 33a of the top pressing block 33.
Wherein, the thickness of the top pressing block 33 is gradually reduced from top to bottom to form an inclined surface 33a on the side surface thereof.
As shown in fig. 4a, the lifting device 4 preferably includes a fifth driving mechanism 41 and a lifting block 42, the lifting block 42 is mounted on a driving portion of the fifth driving mechanism 41, and a second driving mechanism 51 is mounted on the lifting block 42.
In this embodiment, the lifting device 4 is installed on the end surface of the stacker 1. The fifth driving mechanism 41 is an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder, preferably an air cylinder.
As shown in fig. 4a and 4b, which illustrate the operation state of the pick-and-place device 5 when the tray 10 is in the release state, preferably, the pick-and-place device 5 further includes a second driving mechanism 51, the second driving mechanism 51 is installed on the lifting device 4, and the two supporting plates 52 are connected with the second driving mechanism 51 and driven by the second driving mechanism 51 to move close to or open from each other, so as to carry or release the tray 10.
Specifically, the second driving mechanism 51 includes two driving cylinders 511 mounted on the lifting device 4, and piston rods of the two driving cylinders 511 are disposed opposite to each other and are respectively connected to a supporting plate 52. Without being limited to the above structure, the second drive mechanism 51 may employ a double-headed cylinder having output shafts arranged in opposite directions.
The lifting device 4 drives the two support plates 52 to be in place below the feed opening 1a, so that the support parts 52a support the tray 10 when the limiting plate 32 releases the tray 10, the trays 10 on the two support plates 52 are placed on the tray conveying device 2 under the action of the lifting device 4, the distance between the two support plates 52 is adjusted through the second driving mechanism 51, preparation is made for the second driving mechanism 51 to drive the two support plates 52 to open and release the tray 10, meanwhile, interference to the tray 10 in the conveying process is avoided when the support plates 52 ascend to pick up the tray 10 again, the second driving mechanism 51 drives the two support plates 52 to further open, and the tray 10 is conveyed without blocking.
In order to reduce the occupied volume of the equipment, the distance between the feed opening 1a and the tray conveying mechanism 2 is smaller, so that after the tray 10 in the conveying process completely passes through the supporting plate 52, the two supporting plates 52 can be driven to approach through the second driving mechanism 51, and the lifting device 4 drives the supporting plate 52 to move upwards to prepare for picking up the tray 10 next time. In the present embodiment, the second driving mechanism 51 is an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder.
In this embodiment, the supporting plates 52 are vertically disposed, and the two driving cylinders 511 are horizontally disposed between the two supporting plates 52.
To improve the stability of the supporting plate 52 and reduce the force of the supporting plate 52 on the driving cylinder 511, it is preferable that the supporting plate 52 is slidably coupled with the elevating block 42.
As shown in fig. 2, preferably, the contact conveying device 11 includes a vibration tray 111 and a first vibration feeder 112, the vibration tray 111 is provided with a plurality of first vibration feeders 112, the first vibration feeders 112 are connected with the vibration tray 111 in a matching manner, and the first vibration feeders 112 are provided with a feeding channel 112a and a plurality of material distribution channels 11a communicated with the feeding channel 112 a.
Preferably, the connecting portions of the guiding channels 112a and the material distributing channels 11a located at the two outer sides and the feeding ends of the material distributing channels located at the middle portion are provided with guiding inclined planes 115, so as to guide the contact points entering the guiding channels 112a to enter the material distributing channels 11a quickly.
In this embodiment, the first vibrating feeder 112 is provided with track grooves respectively communicating the positive and negative identification material channel 114a and the feeding channel 113a, a plurality of material distribution strips are arranged at intervals on the discharging end of the track grooves to form a plurality of material distribution channels 11a, two sides of the feeding end of each material distribution strip are respectively provided with guiding inclined planes, wherein the cross section of the feeding end of each material distribution strip is triangular to form the guiding inclined planes on two sides.
Specifically, the contact conveying device 11 further includes a first support 113, the first support 113 is provided with a plurality of feeding troughs 113a correspondingly connected to the material distributing channel 11a, and the discharging ends of the feeding troughs 113a are located at the feeding positions of the material sucking pipelines 122. The vibrating contact is moved into the upper trough 113a, and the contact in the static state is more easily sucked by the material sucking pipe 122 moved above the first support 113, so that the sucking effect is further improved.
Specifically, the discharge end of the vibration tray 111 is connected to a second vibration feeder 114, a plurality of second vibration feeders 114 are provided, a plurality of positive and negative identification material channels 114a are provided on the second vibration feeder 114, and the feed end of the material guide channel 112a is connected to the plurality of positive and negative identification material channels 114 a. The plurality of positive and negative identification material channels 114a are arranged, so that the contacts can be rapidly separated and loaded.
Preferably, the front and back identification material channel 114a is provided with a slope 114b or a charging chute 114 c. The contact openly has the nature angle of stretching after the punching press for the terminal surface that has the nature angle of stretching sets up down the contact (the contact that the reverse side set up promptly, the contact reverse side is equipped with the line, not shown in the figure) in slope 114b or chute 114c department upset, make the terminal surface that has the nature angle of stretching up of contact up (the contact that openly sets up promptly), be convenient for carry out automatic identification to the positive and negative of contact, make the contact enter into and be openly before leading material way 112a and place, be convenient for follow-up contact correctly place on the welding lug, need not manual accent, the recognition rate has been improved.
As shown in fig. 7, in this embodiment, the feeding end of the front and back identification lane 114a is disposed obliquely, preferably obliquely to one side. The chute 114c is connected to the feed end of the chute 112 a. Two positive and negative identification material channels 114a are arranged on the second vibrating feeder 114, the feeding ends of the two positive and negative identification material channels 114a are obliquely arranged towards one side and connected, the discharging ends of the two positive and negative identification material channels 114a are parallel to the horizontal plane and are arranged in a spaced manner, the feeding end of one positive and negative identification material channel 114a is slightly higher than the feeding end of the other positive and negative identification material channel 114a, so that the contacts can be conveniently shunted, and the contacts are prevented from being gathered to the same positive and negative identification material channel 114 a; a first inclined surface inclined to one side is formed on the feeding end of the positive and negative identification material channel 114a, the discharging end is a plane, and a downward inclined surface forming slope 114b is arranged between the discharging end and the feeding end. The other front and back identification channel 114a forms a second inclined plane inclined to the same side at the feeding end, the second inclined plane is parallel to the first inclined plane, a continuous charging chute 114c is arranged at a position close to the discharging end, and the charging chute is a plane.
The contacts placed in the vibration tray 111 have three states of a front-side placement state, a back-side placement state, and a side-lying placement state, but the contacts that have entered the front-side identification lane 114a after being fed by the vibration of the vibration tray 111 have only two states of a front-side placement state and a back-side placement state.
When the front and back recognition material channel 114a is provided with the slope 114b, and the contact moves to a downward slope, when the back surface of the contact is placed on the front and back recognition material channel 114a, the natural stretching angle of the back surface of the contact is turned over when being in vibration contact with the slope 114b, so that the front surface of the contact is stably contacted with the slope 114b to be transmitted; when the front surface of the contact is placed on the positive and negative identification material channel 114a, the contact does not turn over when passing through the slope 114b, so that the front surface of the contact is kept in the current transmission state.
When the front and back recognition material channel 114a is provided with the blanking channel 114c, and the contact moves to the blanking channel 114c, when the back surface of the contact is placed on the front and back recognition material channel 114a, the natural stretching angle of the back surface of the contact is turned over when in vibration contact with the wall of the blanking channel 114c, so that the front surface of the contact falls to the bottom of the blanking channel 114c and is stably conveyed; when the front surface of the contact is placed on the front and back recognition material channel 114a, the contact does not turn over through the charging chute 114c, so that the front surface of the contact falls to the bottom of the charging chute 114c, and the current conveying state is maintained. Through discerning the material way and discerning and adjusting the contact positive and negative, compare image recognition and have low to contact surface quality requirement, can not bring the identification error because of contact surface colour difference, decorative pattern, it is high for traditional vibration dish recognition rate, reduced equipment cost simultaneously.
Preferably, the contact pick-up devices 12 are oppositely disposed on the transfer device 13, and a plurality of the contact pick-up devices 12 correspond to the first vibrating feeder 112 one by one.
Specifically, the number and the arrangement positions of the material distributing channels 11a on the two opposite first vibrating feeders 112 may be the same or different, and when the number and the arrangement positions of the material distributing channels 11a are the same, the two contact pickup devices 12 may be used simultaneously, so as to implement the contact batch placement operation on the trays 10 at two different positions in the conveying process; when the number and the arrangement position of the material distributing channels 11a are different, the two contact pickup devices 12 can be independently used, the trays 10 with the same size are matched, and the contacts with different numbers of accommodating grooves 10a are required to be placed in batches, and the material channels on the first vibrating feeder 112 are replaced, so that various placing requirements can be met, and the equipment cost is reduced.
As shown in fig. 3, it is preferable that the tray feeding device 14 is further included, the tray feeding device 14 includes a tray transfer mechanism 141 and a tray clamping mechanism 142, the tray clamping mechanism 142 is mounted on the tray transfer mechanism 141, and a loading position of the tray clamping mechanism 142 is located at a discharging end of the tray conveying device 2. The tray clamping mechanism 142 is transferred by the tray transfer mechanism 141, so that the tray 10 on which the contacts are placed on the tray transfer device 2 is clamped to the corresponding station for stacking, thereby reducing the space occupation.
Preferably, the tray clamping mechanism 142 includes a driving assembly 1421 and two clamping blocks 1422, the two clamping blocks 1422 are oppositely disposed at an output end of the driving assembly 1421, a pressing plate 1423 located between the two clamping blocks 1422 is mounted on the driving assembly 1421, clamping and releasing of the tray 10 are realized by controlling the two clamping blocks 1422, and by disposing the pressing plate 1423, when the tray 10 is placed, the solder pads and the contacts in the tray 10 are prevented from moving out of the accommodating groove 10a or entering into other accommodating grooves 10 a.
In this embodiment, the driving assembly 1421 is a double-headed cylinder, the double-headed cylinder includes two output shafts disposed in opposite directions, or the driving assembly 1421 includes two cylinders, the output shafts of the two cylinders are disposed in opposite directions.
In order to further reduce the collision force between the soldering tabs and the contacts in the accommodating groove 10a and the upper tray 10 or the pressing plate 1423 on the top when stacking the trays 10, it is preferable that a buffer mechanism 143 is further disposed between the tray transfer mechanism 141 and the tray clamping mechanism 142, the buffer mechanism 143 includes a lower buffer plate 1431 and an upper buffer plate 1432, the lower buffer plate 1431 is slidably connected to the upper buffer plate 1432, and the driving assembly 1421 is mounted on the lower buffer plate 1431.
In this embodiment, be equipped with the spout and set up the slide opening on spout both sides wall on the buffer board 1431 down, go up on buffer board 1432 slides and locates on the spout, be equipped with the bolt that slides and locate on the slide opening on the buffer board 1432.
In order to improve the cushioning performance of the cushioning mechanism 143, a cushioning spring is provided between the upper cushioning plate 1432 and the lower cushioning plate 1431.
Wherein, the transfer device 13 and the tray transfer mechanism 141 can adopt two-dimensional servo sliding tables, or can be realized by a plurality of cylinders and guide rails, or can be realized by combining the one-dimensional servo sliding tables with the cylinders, the drive contact pickup device 12 can realize batch grabbing and feeding and discharging of contacts by lifting and moving, the horizontal movement can realize batch transferring of the contacts to the tray 10, the drive tray clamping mechanism 142 can realize grabbing and discharging of the tray by lifting and moving, and the horizontal movement can realize transferring the tray to a corresponding discharging station from the tray transfer device 2.
Specifically, the stacking device further comprises a stacking platform 15 and a material pushing device 16, the stacking platform 15 is located at the discharging position of the tray clamping mechanism 142, the material pushing device 16 comprises a third driving mechanism 161 and a material pushing plate 162, the output end of the third driving mechanism 161 is connected with the material pushing plate 162, and the material pushing plate 162 is arranged at the feeding end of the stacking platform 15. It is convenient to drive the material pushing plate 162 to push the stacked trays 10 by the third driving mechanism 161, so as to stack a plurality of groups of trays 10 on the stacking platform 15, and to increase the stacking number of the trays 10.
In this embodiment, the third driving mechanism 161 is a pneumatic cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder.
As shown in fig. 6, it is preferable that the tray conveying device 2 further includes a frame 6, the tray conveying device 2 is mounted on the frame 6, the tray conveying device 2 includes a fourth driving mechanism 21, a driving wheel 22, a driven wheel 23 and a conveying belt 24, the driving wheel 22 and the driven wheel 23 are rotatably mounted on the frame 6, the driving wheel 22 is in transmission connection with the driven wheel 23 through the conveying belt 24, an output end of the fourth driving mechanism 21 is in fit connection with the driving wheel 22, and the conveying belt 24 is located below the blanking opening 1a between the two supporting plates 52. The picked trays 10 are sequentially arranged and conveyed by the tray conveying device 2, so that the trays are accurately butted with the contact picking device 12 on the conveying device 13, and the batch of contacts are accurately placed in the accommodating grooves 10a of the trays 10.
Specifically, a first bevel gear 27 is mounted on the output end of the fourth driving mechanism 21, and a second bevel gear 28 engaged with the first bevel gear 27 is mounted on the side surface of the driving wheel 22.
In this embodiment, the fourth driving mechanism 21 is a motor, two driving wheels 22 are relatively rotatably disposed on the frame 6 and connected by a connecting shaft, and one of the driving wheels 22 is provided with a second bevel gear 28.
In order to realize the uniformity of tray 10 material loading, improve the contact and put the precision, specifically, the interval is equipped with a plurality of spacing portions 25 in the extending direction of conveyer belt 24, is used for the cooperation to place the tray 10 from feed opening 1a release between the spacing portion 25 of the corresponding of adjacent setting.
In this embodiment, the limiting portion 25 is a limiting strip, and the limiting strip is disposed at intervals along the length direction of the conveyor belt 24 and extends to the outer end in the width direction of the conveyor belt 24.
Preferably, guide plates 26 are mounted on the frame 6 on both sides of the conveyor belt, the guide plates 26 being located at the outer ends of the support plates 52. The accuracy of contact placement is further improved by guiding the trays 10 placed on the conveyor belt 24 so that they can be arranged on the conveyor belt 24 in a corresponding orientation. The guide plate 26 is located at the outer end of the pick-and-place mechanism 5, so that the tray 10 can be more easily placed on the conveyor belt 24 without being blocked on both sides of the conveyor belt 24.
Not limited to the positioning accuracy that adopts above location structure to realize improving the tray 10 material loading, also can set up multiunit limit structure at the interval on conveyer belt 24, every limit structure of group includes four at least spacing portions 25 to inject the location area that is used for holding tray 10 between spacing portion 25, realize the accurate location to tray 10, need not set up deflector 26 in addition this moment.
Preferably, the lower end of the supporting plate 52 is provided with a horizontal extension 521, the supporting portion 52a is disposed on the horizontal extension 521 and protrudes from the inner sidewall of the horizontal extension 521, and the conveyor belt 24 is protruded on the surface of the frame 6. Since the support portion 52a is provided to protrude from the horizontally extending section 521, even if the tray 10 on the conveyor belt 24 does not completely pass through the support plate 52, there is no fear that the support plate 52 will hit the side of the tray 10 in conveyance when approaching, and the support operation of the support portion 52a for the tray 10 at the bottom of the feed opening 1a can be realized.
In this embodiment, the supporting portion 52a is a supporting strip protruding from the horizontal extension 521, and when the supporting plate 52 descends until the tray 10 is placed on the conveyor belt 24, the conveyor belt 24 is higher than the frames 6 on both sides of the conveyor belt 24, and the lower surface of the supporting portion 52a protruding from the horizontal extension 521 is matched and abutted with the upper surfaces of the frames 6 on both sides of the conveyor belt 24.
Preferably, the automatic feeding device further comprises a workbench 17, wherein the stacking frame 1, the tray conveying device 2, the contact conveying device 11, the transferring device 13, the tray blanking device 14, the stacking platform 15 and the pushing device 16 are mounted on the workbench 17, a pulley 18 is mounted at the bottom of the workbench 17, a controller and a display are mounted on the workbench 17, the controller controls each driving mechanism, and the display displays feeding information.
The working principle of the contact placing equipment provided by the utility model is as follows:
when it is desired to pick a tray 10 from the stack 1 and place the tray 10 on the conveyor belt 24:
the lifting device 4 drives the picking and placing device 5 to ascend to the lower portion of the feed opening 1a, and the second driving mechanism 51 controls the two supporting plates 52 to be close to each other, the output shaft of the first driving mechanism 31 drives the top pressing block 33 to move upwards, so that the pressed portion 32a of the limiting plate 32 rotates towards the direction close to the side face of the stacking frame 1, the clamping portion 32b of the limiting plate 32 rotates reversely to loosen the tray 10 at the bottom, the tray 10 at the bottom drops onto the two supporting portions 52a and props against the stacked tray 10 at the top through the supporting portions 52a, the tray 10 is prevented from falling, the output shaft of the first driving mechanism 31 drives the top pressing block 33 to move downwards, and the other tray 10 located at the bottom of the feed opening 1a is clamped through the limiting plate 32.
Lifting device 4 drives backup pad 52 and descends to the both sides of conveyer belt 24, and supporting part 52a supports and leans on in the frame 6 of conveyer belt 24 both sides, make tray 10 just place in on conveyer belt 24 between two spaced spacing portions 25, second actuating mechanism 51 controls two backup pads 52 and opens in order to release tray 10 completely, in the in-process that tray 10 conveys, crooked tray 10 is just led under deflector 78's effect, lifting device 4 drives and picks up the below that puts a tray device 5 and rise to feed opening 1a, and control two backup pads 52 through second actuating mechanism 51 and be close to and carry out the tray 10 picking up operation next time.
When it is desired to pick up and place contacts into the tray 10:
the contact points in the vibrating disc 111 enter the upper trough 113a from the material distributing channel 11a through the positive and negative identification material channel 114a and the material guiding channel 112a, the transfer device 13 drives the contact point pickup device 12 to move downwards, the negative pressure generating assembly is started, a plurality of material sucking pipelines 122 arranged at intervals absorb a corresponding number of contact points under the action of negative pressure, the transfer device 13 drives the contact point pickup device 12 to move upwards and then horizontally move to the upper side of the conveyor belt 24, when the tray 10 is conveyed to the lower side of the contact point pickup device 12, the fourth driving mechanism 21 stops working, the transfer device 13 drives the contact point pickup device 12 to move downwards, the negative pressure generating assembly is closed, the contact points in the material sucking pipelines 122 fall into the corresponding accommodating grooves 10a, the fourth driving mechanism 21 is started, and the conveyor belt 24 continues to move.
When a tray 10 needs to be picked from the conveyor belt 24 and placed on the stacker platform 15:
the tray transfer mechanism 141 drives the tray clamping mechanism 142 to move horizontally to the position above the conveyor belt 24, the fourth driving mechanism 21 stops working, the tray transfer mechanism 141 drives the tray clamping mechanism 142 to move downwards, the driving assembly 1421 drives the two clamping blocks 1422 to clamp the trays 10, the pressing plate 1423 presses all the accommodating grooves 10a, the tray transfer mechanism 141 drives the tray clamping mechanism 142 to return to the position above the stacking platform 15, then the trays 10 are placed on the stacking platform 15, the fourth driving mechanism 21 is started, the conveyor belt 24 is conveyed to the blanking station to stop, the tray transfer mechanism 141 drives the tray clamping mechanism 142 to clamp the trays 10 again and place the trays 10 on the stacking platform 15, when the trays 10 are stacked to a set number, the third driving mechanism 161 is started, and the material pushing plate 162 is driven to push the stacked tray group to a set position.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and all technical solutions belonging to the idea of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention. It should be noted that modifications and embellishments within the scope of the utility model may occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the principle of the utility model, and are considered to be within the scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a contact is put equipment which characterized in that: the device comprises a tray conveying device (2) for conveying a tray (10), a contact conveying device (11), a contact picking device (12) and a transfer device (13), wherein a plurality of accommodating grooves (10a) which are arranged at intervals and used for loading soldering lugs are formed in the tray (10), the contact conveying device (11) is positioned at the feeding position of the contact picking device (12), the tray conveying device (2) is positioned at the discharging position of the contact picking device (12), the contact conveying device (11) comprises a plurality of distributing channels (11a) which are arranged corresponding to the accommodating grooves (10a), the contact picking device (12) comprises a negative pressure generating assembly and a plurality of material pipe suction channels (122) which are arranged corresponding to the distributing channels (11a), the negative pressure generating assembly or the material suction channels (122) are arranged on the transfer device (13), and the material suction pipelines (122) are connected with the air exhaust end of the negative pressure generating assembly, for sucking up the contact (19) conveyed through the dispensing passage (11 a).
2. The contact placement device of claim 1, wherein: the stacking device comprises a stacking frame (1) and a tray limiting device (3), wherein a tray accommodating space for stacking a plurality of trays (10) is formed in the stacking frame (1), a feed opening (1a) is formed in the bottom of the tray accommodating space, a tray conveying device (2) is arranged below the feed opening (1a), a lifting device (4) is installed on the stacking frame (1), and a tray picking and placing device (5) is installed on the lifting device (4);
the tray limiting device (3) comprises a first driving mechanism (31) and a limiting plate (32) movably arranged on the feed opening (1a), and the output end of the first driving mechanism (31) is matched to act on the limiting plate (32), so that the clamping part (32b) of the limiting plate (32) clamps or supports the tray (10) on the feed opening (1 a); the disc picking and placing device (5) comprises two supporting plates (52) which are oppositely arranged and respectively located on two sides of the tray conveying device (2), and supporting portions (52a) located below the discharging opening (1a) are arranged on the supporting plates (52).
3. The contact placement device of claim 2, wherein: the disc picking and placing device (5) further comprises a second driving mechanism (51), the second driving mechanism (51) is installed on the lifting device (4), and the two supporting plates (52) are connected with the second driving mechanism (51) and driven by the second driving mechanism to approach or open each other;
the second driving mechanism (51) comprises two driving cylinders (511) arranged on the lifting device (4), and piston rods of the two driving cylinders (511) are oppositely arranged and are respectively connected with a supporting plate (52).
4. The contact placement device of claim 1, wherein: contact conveyer (11) are including vibration dish (111), first vibration feeder (112), vibration dish (111) are equipped with a plurality ofly, first vibration feeder (112) are connected with vibration dish (111) cooperation, be equipped with on first vibration feeder (112) and say (112a) and a plurality ofly say (11a) with the branch material of drawing material way (112a) intercommunication.
5. The contact placement device of claim 4, wherein: the contact transfer device (11) further comprises a first support (113), a plurality of feeding grooves (113a) correspondingly connected with the distributing channels (11a) are formed in the first support (113), and the discharging ends of the feeding grooves (113a) are located at the feeding positions of the sucking pipelines (122).
6. The contact placement device according to claim 4 or 5, wherein: the discharging end of the vibrating disc (111) is connected with a plurality of second vibrating feeders (114), a plurality of positive and negative recognition material channels (114a) are arranged on the second vibrating feeders (114), and the feeding end of the feeding channel (112a) is connected with the positive and negative recognition material channels (114 a);
a slope (114b) or a charging chute (114c) is arranged on the positive and negative identification material channel (114 a);
the contact pick-up devices (12) are oppositely arranged on the transfer device (13), and the contact pick-up devices (12) are in one-to-one correspondence with the first vibration feeders (112).
7. The contact placement device of claim 1, wherein: the tray clamping device is characterized by further comprising a tray discharging device (14), wherein the tray discharging device (14) comprises a tray transferring mechanism (141) and a tray clamping mechanism (142), the tray clamping mechanism (142) is installed on the tray transferring mechanism (141), and the feeding position of the tray clamping mechanism (142) is located at the discharging end of the tray conveying device (2).
8. The contact placement device of claim 7, wherein: the automatic feeding device is characterized by further comprising a stacking plate platform (15) and a material pushing device (16), wherein the stacking plate platform (15) is located at the discharging position of the tray clamping mechanism (142), the material pushing device (16) comprises a third driving mechanism (161) and a material pushing plate (162), the output end of the third driving mechanism (161) is connected with the material pushing plate (162), and the material pushing plate (162) is arranged at the feeding end of the stacking plate platform (15).
9. The contact placement device according to claim 2 or 3, wherein: the middle part of the limiting plate (32) is hinged to the stacking frame (1) so that the clamping part (32b) is rotatably arranged on the blanking port (1a), and the output end of the first driving mechanism (31) is matched and abutted against the limiting plate (32);
first actuating mechanism (31) are installed on stacker (1) along vertical, install top briquetting (33) on the output of first actuating mechanism (31), the upper end of limiting plate (32) is equipped with receives portion (32a), the top pressure face of top briquetting (33) is for leaning on inclined plane (33a) of contact with receiving portion (32a) counterbalance for drive limiting plate (32) under the effect of first actuating mechanism (31) and rotate in order to press from both sides tightly or release tray (10).
10. The contact placement device according to claim 2 or 3, wherein: the tray conveying device (2) is installed on the rack (6), the tray conveying device (2) comprises a fourth driving mechanism (21), a driving wheel (22), a driven wheel (23) and a conveying belt (24), the driving wheel (22) and the driven wheel (23) are rotatably installed on the rack (6), the driving wheel (22) is in transmission connection with the driven wheel (23) through the conveying belt (24), the output end of the fourth driving mechanism (21) is matched and connected with the driving wheel (22), and the conveying belt (24) is located below a discharging port (1a) between the two supporting plates (52);
a plurality of limiting parts (25) are arranged at intervals in the extending direction of the conveyor belt (24), and a tray (10) released from the feed opening (1a) is arranged between the adjacent corresponding limiting parts (25) in a matched manner;
the rack (6) is provided with guide plates (26) positioned at two sides of the conveyor belt, and the guide plates (26) are positioned at the outer ends of the support plates (52);
the lower extreme of backup pad (52) is equipped with horizontal extension section (521), supporting part (52a) set up on horizontal extension section (521) and the setting of protrusion in the inside wall of horizontal extension section (521), conveyer belt (24) protruding is located on frame (6) surface.
CN202220363578.3U 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 Contact arrangement device Active CN216807272U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220363578.3U CN216807272U (en) 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 Contact arrangement device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202220363578.3U CN216807272U (en) 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 Contact arrangement device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN216807272U true CN216807272U (en) 2022-06-24

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202220363578.3U Active CN216807272U (en) 2022-02-22 2022-02-22 Contact arrangement device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN216807272U (en)

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