CN2164474Y - Numerical controlled oil pump combined use with well extracting frame - Google Patents

Numerical controlled oil pump combined use with well extracting frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2164474Y
CN2164474Y CN 93217225 CN93217225U CN2164474Y CN 2164474 Y CN2164474 Y CN 2164474Y CN 93217225 CN93217225 CN 93217225 CN 93217225 U CN93217225 U CN 93217225U CN 2164474 Y CN2164474 Y CN 2164474Y
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China
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oil
derrick
counterweight
utility
model
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Expired - Lifetime
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CN 93217225
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Chinese (zh)
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石行
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Xicheng Xinkai General Testing Factory Beijing City
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Xicheng Xinkai General Testing Factory Beijing City
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a numerical controlled oil pumping machine combined with an oil derrick, an operating oil derrick of an existing oil well is used as frame, and a winding engine is driven by a full-speed rare-earth synchronous machine used for feeding power to an inverse power supply with variable frequency. The utility model is provided with assistant universal components, such as a fixed pulley block, a balance weight, a wire rope, an oil pumping well cylinder, a piston, a polished rod, etc., and the utility model is also matched with a pressure sensor, a position sensor and a programmable controller. The numerical controlled oil pumping machine combined with an oil derrick makes full use of the existing oil derrick to realize the optimum control of varying duty randomly and obtain the optimum oil production efficiency with high yield and low consumption, and the numerical controlled oil pumping machine combined with an oil derrick having simple structure and strong versatility is electromechanically integrative novel mechanical equipment for oil exploitation.

Description

Numerical controlled oil pump combined use with well extracting frame
The utility model relates to a kind of pumping unit of novel structure, promptly with the numerically controlled beam-pumping unit of production derrick coupling, belongs to the petroleum production field of mechanical technique of electromechanical integration.
China's employed pumping unit that recovers the oil in the oil field, normally by comprising principal post, walking beam, rope, oil pumping tube, speed reducer, motor, the mechanical transmission of formations such as crank-linkage type driving mechanism and cast iron equilibrium block is formed, complex structure, energy consumption height, complex operation, transmission part serious wear.Add that viscous crude and deep mining task are heavy day by day in China oil field, prior mechanical pumping unit disadvantage is more apparent outstanding; Because of using common motor to drive, its rotating speed and technology can not be adjusted in real time, and the movement velocity of swabs can only the problem of finding time can occur by the solid mechanical rule operation of driving mechanism; For thick oil well, because of the crude oil viscosity of every mouthful of well alters a great deal, even in the production process of same oil well, the oil viscosity also can change, so pumping unit moment variations in the course of the work is very big, and rotation speed change is less relatively, and this dynamic property is difficult to find a kind of mechanical transmission mechanism to be complementary with it.So the mechanical pumping unit of existing various models is for the bad adaptability of domestic these oil wells, productivity and capacity usage ratio are all very low, although the power of actual consumption was much bigger when the drive motor rated power that is equipped with was than oil pumping sometimes, but during heavy crude producing, still can be short of power or attack the not good enough predicament of effect.
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of novel numerical control pumping unit that utilizes existing production derrick and general electromechanical equipment to constitute, to replace the pumping unit of present mechanical transmission structure.
The utility model includes production derrick, oil pumping pit shaft, swabs, wire rope, winch, motor, counterweight, it is characterized in that:
(1) with production derrick as frame, one end of the balance rope that twines on the both sides pulley of the static pulley group on its top is connected with swabs by the polished rod clamp, the other end is serially connected with counterweight, and through the lower tumbler of frame downside and be wrapped in cylinder one side of numerical control winch, the opposite side of this cylinder be wound with balance rope around to opposite haulage cable, one end of haulage cable is packed on the cylinder, and the other end then is fixed on the top of counterweight after the intermediate pulley guiding of static pulley group; Position transducer is equipped with in both sides up and down in frame, and the sender magnetic patch corresponding with the operation stroke is housed in counterweight;
(2) motor is a numerical control full speed rare-earth synchronous motor, its input end is connected to adjustable frequency inverter power, the programmable controller that the oil outlet of pumping well is equipped with pressure transducer and adjustable frequency inverter power is controlled, the output terminal of pressure transducer and position transducer all links to each other with the input end of programmable controller.
The utility model has been done the improvement of two aspects to traditional mechanical pumping unit: the one, select numerical control rare-earth synchronous motor for use based on Numeric Control Technology and rare earth new material, the numerical control variable ratio frequency changer inverter supporting with it, industrial control unit (ICU) able to programme and sensing means constitute novel electromechanical incorporate numerical control Electric Traction equipment and technology (number of patent application: CN92100001.4), this is a kind of novel electric power driving style that can adjust its operating mode in real time, broken through the out-moded convention of traditional mechanical oil production equipment: must be by various complicated mechanical parts, structure just can be finished the various machinery actions of designing institute regulation, thereby the mechanical transmission structure of invention is greatly simplified, and energy consumption descend, oil output rises and improves its economic benefit.The 2nd, the metal machine frame and the structure member of numerically controlled beam-pumping unit are simplified, make full use of oil producing operation derrick that present existing production well self possesses as frame, be aided with standard equipment and universal accessories again and constitute mechanical structure of the present utility model, make it structure and more become reasonable, easy, be easy to install, use and keep in repair, and reduce its manufacture cost greatly.According to measuring and calculating, mechanical structure part of the present utility model descended for about 20% (comparing with traditional pumping unit) its cost of production because of utilizing original workover derrick.In a word, the utility model is that a kind of mechanical structure is simple, makes full use of existing workover derrick, and reliable performance is stable, is convenient to the electromechanical integration nonpetroleum exploitation equipment of control and management.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, specifically introduce the utility model.
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is a wire rope rope transmission schematic representation of the present utility model.
Referring to Fig. 1: the 1st, the oil producing operation derrick, the utility model had both been saved steel and fabricating cost in order to as frame, was convenient to promote the utility model again on existing production well and underwent technological transformation.The 2nd, static pulley group, the overhead traveling crane on its just original production derrick.The both sides pulley 21(of static pulley group 2 is referring to Fig. 2) what twine is balance rope 3, the one end is connected with the polished rod 15 of swabs by polished rod clamp 4, the inter-burst of the other end is connected to counterweight 5, be wrapped in cylinder 72 1 sides of numerical control winch 7 again through the lower tumbler 6 of frame downside, the static load load of counterweight 5 and polished rod clamp 4 should be a basis equalization.The opposite side of cylinder 72 be wound with balance rope 3 around to opposite haulage cable 13, on cylinder 72, the other end then is fixed on the top of counterweight 5 to an end of haulage cable 13 after intermediate pulley 22 guiding of static pulley group 2 around solid.In counterweight 5, be equipped with and the corresponding sender magnetic patch 10,11 of operation stroke, and position transducer 9,8 is housed respectively in the upper and lower side of frame, by changing position transducer 9,8 and, can regulating the working stroke and the spatial position thereof of the utility model swabs to its riding position of sending the sender magnetic patch 10,11 of magnetosensitive signal.The drive motor 71 of numerical control winch 7 is a numerical control full speed rare-earth synchronous motor, its input end is connected to adjustable frequency inverter power 19, the programmable controller 18 that pressure transducer 17 is housed and adjustable frequency inverter power 19 is controlled at the oil outlet place of pumping well 16, the output terminal of pressure transducer 17 and position transducer 8,9 all links to each other with the input end of programmable controller.At the two ends of balance rope 3 two spacing insurance crossbeams 12,14 that have buffer stopper are housed respectively, its effect is that the travel position of pumping unit is limited in the length range of permission work.
Working principle of the present utility model and conventional pumping unit are essentially identical, and promptly the cylinder 72 that drives winchs 7 with motor 71 is executed commentaries on classics, wire rope on the cylinder are wound or release and moving linearly.Wherein the top of haulage cable 13 1 ends and counterweight 5 is affixed, the other end through upper block 22 guiding back around a side of consolidating at cylinder 72, this cylinder opposite side oppositely is wound with balance rope, so during the cylinder rotation, haulage cable rises counterweight, when swabs descended, the opposite side cylinder then discharged the balance rope of reverse winding on it gradually.As long as forward and reverse rotation of control break motor 71 just can make haulage cable 13 reciprocating, drive swabs and move up and down, finish the oil pumping action.Because the utility model adopts the NC full-speed synchronous machine (patent No.: the CN91203427.0) machine that is used as power of claimant's development, its input end is connected to the adjustable inverter 19 of numerical control, control by programmable controller 18, can change output voltage, power frequency and the phase place of adjustable frequency inverter power 19, make motor 71 rotating speed, turn to moment of torsion and can control in real time, thereby can change the moving direction and the speed of the swabs of pumping unit at any time.Resistance and position in the time of can measuring the piston oil pumping by pressure transducer 17 and position transducer 8.9, and be input to simultaneously in the industrial control unit (ICU) 18 able to programme, make comparisons according to the running state of input and the optimised process Operational Limits of setting by industrial control unit (ICU) 18, carry out digital control to adjustable frequency inverter power 19, pumping unit is moved under optimum condition, avoided the generation of vaccuum phenomenon automatically.Because the polished rod clamp peace weighing apparatus counterweight that static load equates substantially is housed respectively at the two ends of balance rope, make it cooperate with moving elements such as swabss, dynamic load when the output torque of motor 71 only bears oil pumping, this is again for prolonging the working life of this equipment, and reducing impulsive load and wearing and tearing provides condition.
The motor that the utility model is selected for use is the numerical control full speed rare-earth synchronous motor that has obtained patent.This motor adopts rare-earth permanent magnet to do rotor, supporting with DCPS digitally controlled power source, can on a large scale, steadily regulate rotating speed and irrelevant substantially with the load size, mechanical property is good, and detent torque is big, and rotary inertia is little, can be according to real time altering rotating speeds such as power supply frequency, pulsewidth, phase places, energy consumption is low, and is simple in structure, and this load characteristic of suitable especially pumping unit changes violent working machine and makes driving force.When rotating speed changes when violent from low speed to high speed, its output torque is still kept almost constant, facilitate the variable working condition driving of realization like this to pumping unit, the complex situations that can adapt to that depths, stratum geological condition difference is big, parameters such as the oil storage degree of depth, oil viscosity and water content differ fundamentally solve the traditional mechanical pumping unit and can only finish the stiff and hard nut to crack of poor efficiency of fixing oil extraction operation circulation according to changeless transmission rule.Various process parameters can have been surveyed in advance, pack into 18 li of industrial control unit (ICU)s able to programme of establishment dynamic Characteristic Data of optimum condition and software, sending command adapted thereto by it presents to 19 li of the reversible power supplys of numerical control, output frequency, pulsewidth, amplitude, the full speed rare-earth synchronous motor excitation is given in the pulse that phase place is all adjustable, realization is to rotating speed of motor, turn to and moment of torsion, the control of stroke, simultaneously at any time by pressure transducer 17 and position transducer 8,9 grasp the oil recovery operating mode, and make comparisons with optimal processing parameter, regulate in real time, can make the utility model adapt to the variation of oil viscosity and water content in the oil well all the time voluntarily, make pumping unit operate in optimum Working, and have higher productivity and capacity usage ratio.
The numerical control full speed rare-earth synchronous motor that the utility model uses, adjustable frequency inverter power etc. all are the novel universal equipment of electromechanical integration, the former existing factory produces in trial-production, the latter can select claimant's CN90202757 or CN90203323 patent for use, also can select the G7 series inverter of Japanese fuji company for use, need not specially reequip, programmable controller can be general industry process controller or industrial control computer.Static pulley group, cylinder, steady counterweight and wire rope etc. are the conventional machinery accessory.In a word, the utility model is that machinery, driving power, sensing means and the pumping well ground formed an organic whole by real-time control technique, make full use of inside, stratum and accumulate the energy that closes, the motive force that is aided with the electrical network supply again is as the driving source that recovers the oil and promote, make that equipment energy consumption is low, work efficiency is high, easy and simple to handle, long service life.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of numerically controlled beam-pumping unit of and production derrick coupling includes production derrick, oil pumping pit shaft, swabs, wire rope, winch, motor, counterweight, it is characterized in that:
(1) with production derrick as frame, one end of the balance rope that twines on the both sides pulley of the static pulley group on its top is connected with swabs by the polished rod clamp, the other end is serially connected with counterweight, and through the lower tumbler of frame downside and be wrapped in cylinder one side of numerical control winch, the opposite side of this cylinder be wound with balance rope around to opposite haulage cable, one end of haulage cable is packed on the cylinder, and the other end then is fixed on the top of counterweight after the intermediate pulley guiding of static pulley group; Position transducer is equipped with in both sides up and down in frame, and the sender magnetic patch corresponding with the operation stroke is housed in counterweight;
(2) motor is a numerical control full speed rare-earth synchronous motor, its input end is connected to adjustable frequency inverter power, the programmable controller that the oil outlet of pumping well is equipped with pressure transducer and adjustable frequency inverter power is controlled, the output terminal of pressure transducer and position transducer all links to each other with the input end of programmable controller.
2, the numerically controlled beam-pumping unit of as claimed in claim 1 and production derrick coupling is characterized in that: the spacing insurance crossbeam that the band buffer stopper is housed respectively at the two ends of balance rope.
CN 93217225 1993-06-30 1993-06-30 Numerical controlled oil pump combined use with well extracting frame Expired - Lifetime CN2164474Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93217225 CN2164474Y (en) 1993-06-30 1993-06-30 Numerical controlled oil pump combined use with well extracting frame

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 93217225 CN2164474Y (en) 1993-06-30 1993-06-30 Numerical controlled oil pump combined use with well extracting frame

Publications (1)

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CN2164474Y true CN2164474Y (en) 1994-05-11

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CN 93217225 Expired - Lifetime CN2164474Y (en) 1993-06-30 1993-06-30 Numerical controlled oil pump combined use with well extracting frame

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105484706A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-13 胜利油田新大管业科技发展有限责任公司 Crank pulley steel wire rope reversing oil pumping unit and method
CN106761571A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-31 东北石油大学 Locked coil wire rope numerical control elevator oil pumper

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105484706A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-13 胜利油田新大管业科技发展有限责任公司 Crank pulley steel wire rope reversing oil pumping unit and method
CN106761571A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-31 东北石油大学 Locked coil wire rope numerical control elevator oil pumper

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