CN215478540U - Loading device - Google Patents

Loading device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215478540U
CN215478540U CN202120269368.3U CN202120269368U CN215478540U CN 215478540 U CN215478540 U CN 215478540U CN 202120269368 U CN202120269368 U CN 202120269368U CN 215478540 U CN215478540 U CN 215478540U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying mechanism
cargo conveying
moving trolley
driving
stacking
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CN202120269368.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏巧松
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Xiamen Woody Electronic Technology Co ltd
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Xiamen Woody Electronic Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a loading device, which comprises a cargo conveying mechanism, a stacking mechanism connected with the cargo conveying mechanism and a lifting mechanism used for erecting the cargo conveying mechanism and adjusting the height position of the cargo conveying mechanism, wherein the cargo conveying mechanism comprises a belt conveying mechanism which can be arranged in a telescopic mode so as to adjust the front and back positions of the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism, a horizontal maintaining mechanism used for adjusting the inclination angle of the stacking mechanism is arranged at the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism, the stacking mechanism comprises a first moving trolley and a second moving trolley which are used for alternately receiving packages, and the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley are both provided with rotating mechanisms used for adjusting the placing direction of the packages. The automatic stacking device is simple in structure, can transfer, stack and stack goods in layers transversely and vertically, achieves automatic loading, and effectively improves loading efficiency and stacking stability.

Description

Loading device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the field of automatic loading, in particular to a loading device.
Background
In the production fields of cement, flour, food, chemical industry and the like, bagged goods or boxed goods need to be loaded into a carriage for transporting goods for transportation. The traditional method adopts a manual carrying and stacking mode. This method needs a lot of manpower, and intensity of labour, work efficiency are low. To reduce manpower and improve efficiency, loading devices have been developed.
The existing loading device at least comprises a cargo conveyor and a stacking conveyor, so that loading and stacking are realized. But the goods conveyer and the stacking conveyor of current loading device all erect through the frame alone, and the wholeness is relatively poor to need the adjustment just can guarantee the inseparable cooperation between each device, troublesome poeration.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The problems of complex structure, low mechanical efficiency, troublesome operation and the like of the existing loading device are solved. The utility model aims to provide a novel car loading device.
In order to realize the purpose of the utility model, the technical scheme adopted by the utility model is as follows:
the utility model provides a loading device, includes goods conveying mechanism and links up goods conveying mechanism's stacking mechanism still includes and is used for erectting goods conveying mechanism and the elevating system who adjusts its high position, goods conveying mechanism includes the belt conveyor of scalable setting to adjust the front and back position of goods conveying mechanism front end, goods conveying mechanism front end is equipped with the level maintenance mechanism who is used for adjusting stacking mechanism inclination, stacking mechanism is including being used for connecing the first travelling car and the second travelling car of package in turn, first travelling car with the second travelling car all is equipped with the slewing mechanism who is used for adjusting the package orientation of putting.
Preferably, the rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism is provided with a horizontal feeding mechanism, and the front end of the horizontal feeding mechanism is rotatably connected with the rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism.
Preferably, the lifting mechanism comprises support rods arranged on two sides of the rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism and oil cylinders arranged on two sides of the middle of the cargo conveying mechanism, the top of each support rod is hinged to the rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism, and the driving ends of the oil cylinders are hinged to the middle of the cargo conveying mechanism.
Preferably, the horizontal holding mechanisms are provided with two groups, each group of horizontal holding mechanisms comprises an L-shaped frame body and a telescopic cylinder, one end of the L-shaped frame body is hinged to the side wall of the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism, the other end of the L-shaped frame body is hinged to the driving end of the telescopic cylinder, and the bottom of the telescopic cylinder is hinged to the side wall of the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism.
Preferably, slewing mechanism is equipped with the mounting bracket, be equipped with first actuating mechanism, crank, pivot and driving disc in the mounting bracket, crank one end with first actuating mechanism's drive end is articulated, the crank other end with pivot fixed connection, the driving disc is fixed to be set up the pivot bottom, driving disc and first travelling car and second travelling car top fixed connection.
Preferably, the pivot top is equipped with the reinforcement dish, be equipped with the shaft hole in the reinforcement dish, be equipped with the bearing in the shaft hole, the reinforcement dish rotates to be set up the pivot top, the reinforcement dish pass through the connecting block with bottom surface fixed connection in the mounting bracket.
Preferably, the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley respectively comprise a box body, the bottom of the box body is provided with an opening, the opening is connected with the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism, the bottom of the box body is provided with a group of bottom plates which are oppositely opened and closed, and the top of the box body is provided with a second driving mechanism for opening and closing the bottom plates.
Preferably, a connecting rod is arranged between the second driving mechanism and the bottom plate, and two ends of the connecting rod are respectively hinged with the driving end of the second driving mechanism and the front end of the bottom plate.
Preferably, the horizontal holding mechanism is provided with a mounting plate for mounting the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley, and the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley are both slidably mounted on the mounting plate.
Preferably, a rack is arranged on the mounting plate, a motor is fixedly arranged on the rotating mechanism, a gear matched with the rack is arranged on an output shaft of the motor, and the gear is matched with the rack to drive the rotating mechanism to move so as to drive the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley to move.
The loading device has the following beneficial effects:
in the loading device provided by the utility model, the belt conveyor and the lifting mechanism can respectively adjust the front and back positions and the high and low positions of the goods conveying mechanism so as to realize layer-by-layer stacking; the two moving trolleys are arranged to realize alternative bag receiving; the rotating mechanism can drive the moving trolley to rotate so as to adjust the material bag placing direction to realize transverse placing or vertical placing; the horizontal keeping mechanism can keep the stacking mechanism horizontal all the time to ensure that the stacking mechanism is orderly stacked; the automatic stacking device is simple in structure, can transfer, stack and stack goods in layers transversely and vertically, achieves automatic loading, and effectively improves loading efficiency and stacking stability.
Drawings
FIG. 1: the utility model has the overall mechanism schematic diagram;
FIG. 2: the utility model is a partial structure schematic diagram;
FIG. 3: the utility model is a schematic structural diagram of the front end of a rotating mechanism and a movable trolley;
FIG. 4: the utility model is a schematic structural diagram of the rear end of a rotating mechanism and a movable trolley;
FIG. 5: the utility model relates to a schematic view of a top view structure of a rotating mechanism and a moving trolley;
in the figure: 10. a cargo conveying mechanism; 20. a stacking mechanism; 21. a box body; 22. a base plate; 23. a second drive mechanism; 24. a connecting rod; 30. a lifting mechanism; 31. a support bar; 32. an oil cylinder; 40. a horizontal holding mechanism; 41. an L-shaped frame body; 42. a telescopic cylinder; 50. a rotating mechanism; 51. a mounting frame; 511. a slider; 52. a first drive mechanism; 53. a crank; 54. a rotating shaft; 55. a drive plate; 56. reinforcing the disc; 60. a horizontal feeding mechanism; 70. mounting a plate; 71. a slide rail; 72. a rack; 80. a motor; 81. a gear.
Detailed Description
The existing loading device has the problems of complex structure, low mechanical efficiency, troublesome operation and the like. Therefore, the present invention provides a new solution, which will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings for better clarity.
Referring to fig. 1-5, a loading apparatus includes a cargo conveying mechanism 10 and a stacking mechanism 20 coupled to the cargo conveying mechanism.
The loading device further includes a lifting mechanism 30 for erecting the cargo conveying mechanism 10 and adjusting the height position thereof.
Goods conveying mechanism 10 includes the scalable belt conveyors who sets up of at least two, and this embodiment is equipped with three section belt conveyors, and wherein be equipped with telescopic machanism (not shown) between per two section belt conveyors, telescopic machanism passes through servo control, and scalable setting is in order to adjust the front and back position of goods conveying mechanism front end between the belt conveyors.
In other embodiments, the cargo conveying mechanism 10 may also adopt a single belt conveying mechanism and cooperate with a sliding rail to achieve telescopic movement so as to adjust the front and rear positions of the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10.
The front end of the goods conveying mechanism 10 is provided with a horizontal holding mechanism 40 for adjusting the inclination angle of the stacking mechanism 20. The stacking mechanism 20 comprises a first moving trolley and a second moving trolley which are used for alternately receiving the bags, and the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley are both provided with a rotating mechanism 50 which is used for adjusting the material bag placing direction. The loading device is further provided with a main control electronic box (not shown), and the cargo conveying mechanism 10, the stacking mechanism 20, the lifting mechanism 30, the horizontal holding mechanism 40 and the rotating mechanism 50 are all connected with the main control electronic box.
The rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10 is provided with a horizontal feeding mechanism 60 used for unstacking the material bags and then feeding the material bags into the conveying mechanism 10, and the front end of the horizontal feeding mechanism 60 is rotationally connected with the rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10. The horizontal feeding mechanism 60 comprises a rack and a roller arranged on the surface of the rack, so that the feeding is convenient, and the feeding is more labor-saving.
In this embodiment, the lifting mechanism 30 includes support rods 31 disposed at two sides of the rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10 and oil cylinders 32 disposed at two sides of the middle portion of the cargo conveying mechanism 10. The top of the supporting rod 31 is hinged to two sides of the rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10, and the driving end of the oil cylinder 32 is hinged to two sides of the middle of the cargo conveying mechanism 10. The oil cylinder 32 is controlled by a stay wire encoder, in the embodiment, the bottom of the support rod 31 and the bottom of the oil cylinder 32 are fixed on the ground in a screw or pouring mode, so that the whole loading device can be fixed on the ground, and corresponding device operation is stably carried out.
In other embodiments, the cargo conveying mechanism 10 may be disposed in a suspended manner, for example, a gantry frame is provided, and the lifting mechanism 30 is a retractable chain disposed on the gantry frame, the chain is fixedly connected to the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10, and the retractable chain drives the cargo conveying mechanism 10 to lift to adjust the height position thereof. It is also possible to arrange the lifting mechanism 30 directly on the ceiling and to suspend the cargo conveyor 10. The horizontal holding mechanisms 40 are arranged in two groups and are respectively arranged on two side walls of the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10, each horizontal holding mechanism 40 comprises an L-shaped frame body 41 and a telescopic cylinder 42, one end of the L-shaped frame body 41 is hinged to the side wall of the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10, the other end of the L-shaped frame body 41 is hinged to a driving end of the telescopic mechanism 42, and the bottom of the telescopic mechanism 42 is hinged to the side wall of the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10.
The rotating mechanism 50 is provided with an installation frame 51, a first driving mechanism 52, a crank 53, a rotating shaft 54 and a transmission disc 55 are arranged in the installation frame 51, one end of the crank 53 is hinged to the driving end of the first driving mechanism 52, the other end of the crank 53 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 54, the transmission disc 55 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the rotating shaft 54, and the transmission disc 55 is fixedly connected with the top of the first moving trolley and the top of the second trolley. The first drive in this embodiment is a cylinder.
The first driving mechanism 52 makes a reciprocating linear motion and drives the crank 53 to rotate so as to drive the transmission disc 55 to rotate within 0-90 degrees, so as to drive the movable trolley to rotate within 0-90 degrees, thereby realizing the transverse or vertical placement of the material bags.
The top of the rotating shaft 54 is provided with a reinforcing disc 56, a shaft hole is formed in the reinforcing disc 56, a bearing is arranged in the shaft hole, the reinforcing disc 56 is rotatably arranged at the top of the rotating shaft 54, and the reinforcing disc 56 is fixedly connected with the inner bottom surface of the mounting frame 51 through a connecting block. The reinforcing disc 56 can stabilize the rotating shaft 54, so as to ensure the rotation of the rotating shaft 54 in the vertical direction, and further ensure the stability of the rotating process of the mobile trolley.
The first moving trolley and the second moving trolley respectively comprise a box body 21 with an opening at one end, the opening is connected with the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism 10, a group of bottom plates 22 which are oppositely opened and closed are arranged at the bottom of the box body 21, and a second driving mechanism 23 for opening and closing the bottom plates 22 is arranged at the top of the box body 21. Be equipped with a plurality of cylinders on bottom plate 22, the material package can continue to carry one end distance under the inertial action when getting into the travelling car through goods conveying mechanism 10, prevents that the material package card from at the entrance to carry out the pile up smoothly behind travelling car turned angle position. The second driving mechanism 23 in this embodiment is an air cylinder.
A connecting rod 24 is arranged between the second driving mechanism 23 and the bottom plate 22, two connecting rods 24 are arranged and are respectively used for opening and closing the two bottom plates 22, and two ends of the connecting rod 24 are respectively hinged with the driving end of the second driving mechanism 23 and the front end of the bottom plate 22.
The driving end of the second driving mechanism 23 moves downward to push the connecting rod 24 to drive the bottom plate 22 to open, and the driving end of the second driving mechanism 23 moves upward to pull the connecting rod 24 to drive the bottom plate 22 to close. A drive mechanism drives two connecting rods 24 simultaneously to drive the bottom plates 22 to open and close, so that the two bottom plates 22 can be opened or closed simultaneously, the goods can fall down, and the stacking is guaranteed to be tidy.
The horizontal holding mechanism 40 is provided with a mounting plate 70 for mounting the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley, the mounting plate 70 is provided with a slide rail 71, the mounting frame 51 is provided with a slide block 511 matched with the slide rail 71, and the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley are both slidably mounted on the mounting plate 70 to realize alternate package connection.
The mounting plate 70 is provided with a rack 72, the rotating mechanism 50 is fixedly provided with a motor 80, an output shaft of the motor 80 is provided with a gear 81 matched with the rack 72, and the gear 81 is matched with the rack 72 to drive the rotating mechanism 50 to move so as to drive the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley to move.
The first moving trolley 20 and the second moving trolley can slide left and right under the driving action of the motor 80, so that openings of the two sets of moving trolleys can be aligned with the front end of the goods conveying mechanism 10, the two sets of moving trolleys can accept goods conveyed by the goods conveying mechanism 10 in turn and then stack the goods, and the loading efficiency is effectively improved.
The utility model has the following brief working flow:
the initial height position, the front and rear positions and the like of the device are set according to actual conditions. The material bags flow to the belt conveying mechanism from the horizontal conveying mechanism 60 through unstacking, the belt conveying mechanism conveys the material bags to the tail end of the third section, the two movable trolleys are connected in a cross mode under the driving of the motor and are conveyed to the designated position in a moving mode, the base plate is driven to be opened through the second driving mechanism 23 according to actual requirements and then put down (for example, the material bags at the tail 5 of the locomotive are vertical bags which do not need to rotate and are directly put down, and the material bags at each row in the middle are required to be driven to rotate by 90 degrees through the first driving mechanism 52 and then are put down). And (3) adjusting the front and back positions of the belt conveying mechanism by stacking one row of telescopic mechanisms each time until stacking is finished by one layer, adjusting the front and back positions again, lifting the oil cylinder to adjust the height position, and repeating the stacking process to stack the layers.
The automatic stacking device is simple in structure, can transfer, stack and stack goods in layers transversely and vertically, achieves automatic loading, and effectively improves loading efficiency and stacking stability.
The loading device can directly extend into the wagon box by using the stacking mechanism 20 to place corresponding goods. Therefore, the loading device is suitable for automatic loading of the van body. Of course, the loading device is also suitable for automatic loading of non-van carriages or warehouse cargo stacking.
It should be noted that, according to the structural design of the loading device of the present invention, in other working scenarios, the stacking conveyor may be set to stack the goods in a non-horizontal manner, i.e., in a manner of a certain inclination angle.
Although the present invention has been described in detail in the foregoing embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a loading device, includes goods conveying mechanism and links up goods conveying mechanism's stacking mechanism, its characterized in that: still including being used for erectting cargo conveying mechanism and the elevating system who adjusts its high position, cargo conveying mechanism includes the belt conveyor of scalable setting to adjust the front and back position of cargo conveying mechanism front end, the cargo conveying mechanism front end is equipped with the level hold mechanism who is used for adjusting stacking mechanism inclination, stacking mechanism is including being used for connecing the first travelling car and the second travelling car of package in turn, first travelling car with the second travelling car all is equipped with the slewing mechanism who is used for adjusting the material package and puts the direction.
2. A loading apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the rear end of the goods conveying mechanism is provided with a horizontal feeding mechanism, and the front end of the horizontal feeding mechanism is rotatably connected with the rear end of the goods conveying mechanism.
3. A loading apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the lifting mechanism comprises support rods arranged on two sides of the rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism and oil cylinders arranged on two sides of the middle of the cargo conveying mechanism, the top of each support rod is hinged to the rear end of the cargo conveying mechanism, and the driving ends of the oil cylinders are hinged to the middle of the cargo conveying mechanism.
4. A loading apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the horizontal holding mechanisms are provided with two groups, each group of horizontal holding mechanisms comprises an L-shaped frame body and a telescopic cylinder, one end of the L-shaped frame body is hinged to the side wall of the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism, the other end of the L-shaped frame body is hinged to the driving end of the telescopic cylinder, and the bottom of the telescopic cylinder is hinged to the side wall of the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism.
5. A loading apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: slewing mechanism is equipped with the mounting bracket, be equipped with first actuating mechanism, crank, pivot and driving disc in the mounting bracket, crank one end with first actuating mechanism's drive end is articulated, the crank other end with pivot fixed connection, the driving disc is fixed to be set up the pivot bottom, driving disc and first travelling car and second travelling car top fixed connection.
6. A loading apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the improved structure of the bearing is characterized in that a reinforcing disc is arranged at the top of the rotating shaft, a shaft hole is formed in the reinforcing disc, a bearing is arranged in the shaft hole, the reinforcing disc is rotatably arranged at the top of the rotating shaft, and the reinforcing disc is fixedly connected with the inner bottom surface of the mounting frame through a connecting block.
7. A loading apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley respectively comprise a box body, the bottom of the box body is provided with an opening, the opening is connected with the front end of the cargo conveying mechanism, the bottom of the box body is provided with a group of bottom plates which are opened and closed relatively, and the top of the box body is provided with a second driving mechanism for opening and closing the bottom plates.
8. A loading apparatus according to claim 7, wherein: and a connecting rod is arranged between the second driving mechanism and the bottom plate, and two ends of the connecting rod are respectively hinged with the driving end of the second driving mechanism and the front end of the bottom plate.
9. A loading apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the horizontal holding mechanism is provided with a mounting plate for mounting the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley, and the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley are both connected on the mounting plate in a sliding mode.
10. A loading apparatus according to claim 9, wherein: the mounting plate is provided with a rack, the rotating mechanism is fixedly provided with a motor, an output shaft of the motor is provided with a gear matched with the rack, and the gear is matched with the rack to drive the rotating mechanism to move so as to drive the first moving trolley and the second moving trolley to move.
CN202120269368.3U 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 Loading device Active CN215478540U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120269368.3U CN215478540U (en) 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 Loading device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202120269368.3U CN215478540U (en) 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 Loading device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN215478540U true CN215478540U (en) 2022-01-11

Family

ID=79761794

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202120269368.3U Active CN215478540U (en) 2021-01-29 2021-01-29 Loading device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN215478540U (en)

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