CN220282904U - Lifting discharging stacking mechanism capable of realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging - Google Patents

Lifting discharging stacking mechanism capable of realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging Download PDF

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Publication number
CN220282904U
CN220282904U CN202321969253.0U CN202321969253U CN220282904U CN 220282904 U CN220282904 U CN 220282904U CN 202321969253 U CN202321969253 U CN 202321969253U CN 220282904 U CN220282904 U CN 220282904U
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box
lifting
linear
assembly
platform
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CN202321969253.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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张俊
余坤
周佼
罗永柱
罗跃
汪东辉
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Kunming Dingcheng Technology Co ltd
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Kunming Dingcheng Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a lifting discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging, which comprises the following components: the device comprises a receiving roller assembly, a first linear box pushing module assembly, a second linear box pushing module assembly, a chain reciprocating box pushing assembly and a stacking platform; the receiving roller assembly is used for receiving box-type materials; the first linear box pushing module assembly is used for pushing box-type materials on the material receiving roller assembly towards the stacking platform; the chain reciprocating box pushing assembly is used for pushing and arranging box-type materials on the stacking platform to two sides into rows; the second straight line pushes away case module subassembly for push out the box material of arranging into the row on the pile up neatly platform, pile up neatly in the carriage. The utility model improves the discharging efficiency and the space adaptability and improves the loading efficiency of the automatic loading device.

Description

Lifting discharging stacking mechanism capable of realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of logistics loading and unloading equipment, in particular to a lifting and discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging.
Background
With the rise of labor cost, the demand of factories for automatic loading is becoming stronger, which has spawned many companies that research automatic loading devices, and specific application products have been introduced. The stacking modes of the existing products can be roughly divided into two types: the conveyor is adopted to directly carry out the conveying and stacking mode, namely, the conveyor carries out the automatic stacking mode in a carriage for conveying the single materials one by one, after the conveyor automatically stacks one material, the conveyor needs to move to the next station to stack the second material, so that the control difficulty is high, and the efficiency is low; the other type is that a stacking mechanism is arranged on the automatic loading device, the stacking mechanism is used for pushing the whole row of materials into a carriage after arranging the box-type materials into rows, so that the stacking efficiency can be improved, but the existing stacking mechanism has the problems of discontinuous material discharge and slow stacking, namely, when the stacking mechanism is used for stacking one row of materials, the stacking mechanism needs to return to a fixed position to be removed from a new material discharge position and then stacking, and the lifting of the loading efficiency is seriously limited by the returning time of the mechanism and the time waiting for the material discharge.
There are many examples of stacking mechanisms in the existing automatic loading device, and chinese patent No. CN 215159357U discloses a stacking mechanism of an automatic loading device, which has the following drawbacks: the material taking and discharging mechanism (7) needs to move back and forth on the transverse moving mechanism (8) to receive materials, and the stacking efficiency is low.
The utility model discloses a poking car loader and a stacking device (15) of a car loading system in China patent CN209209960U, wherein a poking telescopic driving piece (121) can drive a poking piece (123) to leave a poking channel, the poking piece (123) is positioned above the stacking device (15), and the poking telescopic driving piece (121) can drive the poking piece (123) to leave the poking channel from above the stacking device (15). It has the following disadvantages: firstly, the stacking device (15) needs to receive materials back and forth, continuous discharging cannot be achieved, loading efficiency is reduced, and secondly, the toggle mechanism (12) is located above a fixed material taking position channel of the frame and cannot move along with the stacking device (15).
The loading machine and the stacking device (15) of the loading system disclosed in the Chinese patent No. CN208516520U have the following defects: firstly, the stacking device (15) needs to return to a fixed position for receiving materials after stacking one row of materials, so that the loading efficiency is affected; secondly, the width of the stacking device (15) is fixed, and the stacking device cannot adapt to carriages with different widths and can only adapt to carriages with specific widths.
The Chinese patent application CN112141728A discloses a feeding device of a stacker crane, wherein two feeding devices (1) which are symmetrically arranged left and right are arranged on the stacker crane, when the left feeding device is used for stacking, the right feeding devices are arranged in advance and alternately stacked, so that the loading efficiency is improved, but the feeding devices (1) need to return to a fixed position for receiving materials each time, and the loading efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides a lifting discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging, which aims to solve the technical problems that the stacking mechanism on an automatic loading device is discontinuous in discharging and slow in stacking, namely the loading efficiency is seriously limited by the returning time of the mechanism and the time waiting for discharging because the mechanism needs to return to a fixed position to be newly discharged after stacking a row of materials.
The technical scheme provided by the utility model is as follows:
the utility model provides a lifting discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging, which comprises: the device comprises a receiving roller assembly, a first linear box pushing module assembly, a second linear box pushing module assembly, a chain reciprocating box pushing assembly and a stacking platform;
the material receiving roller assembly is used for receiving box-type materials; the first linear pushing box module assembly is used for pushing box-type materials on the receiving roller assembly towards the stacking platform;
The conveying roller assembly is arranged between the material receiving roller assembly and the stacking platform and is used for conveying box-type materials to the stacking platform;
the chain reciprocating box pushing assembly is arranged on the stacking platform and used for pushing box-type materials on the stacking platform to two sides to be arranged in rows;
the second linear box pushing module assembly is arranged on the stacking platform and used for pushing out box-type materials arranged in rows on the stacking platform and stacking the box-type materials in a carriage.
In a preferred embodiment, the lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism further comprises a two-stage lifting assembly for lifting the palletizing platform in the vertical direction, the two-stage lifting assembly comprising a vertical column, a first lifting seat and a second lifting seat,
the first lifting seat is fixed on a travelling mechanism, and the first lifting seat is configured to: reciprocating in a vertical direction relative to the upright;
the second lifting seat is connected with the stacking platform and is configured to reciprocate in the vertical direction relative to the upright.
In a preferred embodiment, the two-stage lift assembly further comprises: the first driving motor, the first lifting gear and the first lifting rack;
The first lifting seat is fixedly provided with the first driving motor, an output shaft of the first driving motor is connected with the first lifting gear, the first lifting gear is meshed with the first lifting rack, and the first lifting rack is fixed with the upright post;
the first driving motor drives the first lifting gear to rotate, and the first lifting rack responds to the first lifting gear to reciprocate along the vertical direction.
In a preferred embodiment, the two-stage lift assembly further comprises: the device comprises a first sliding piece and a first linear sliding rail, wherein the first sliding piece is arranged on the first linear sliding rail;
the first sliding piece is fixed on the first lifting seat, and the first linear sliding rail is fixed on the upright post;
when the first lifting rack responds to the first lifting gear to reciprocate in the vertical direction, the first sliding piece reciprocates in the vertical direction on the first linear sliding rail.
In a preferred embodiment, the two-stage lift assembly further comprises: the second driving motor, the second lifting gear and the second lifting rack;
the second lifting seat is fixedly provided with the second driving motor, an output shaft of the second driving motor is connected with the second lifting gear, the second lifting gear is meshed with the second lifting rack, and the second lifting rack is fixed with the upright post;
The second lifting gear responds to the rotation of the second driving motor, reciprocates on the first lifting rack along the vertical direction, and drives the second lifting seat to reciprocate along the vertical direction.
In a preferred embodiment, the two-stage lift assembly further comprises: the second sliding piece and the second linear sliding rail are arranged on the second linear sliding rail;
the second lifting seat is fixedly provided with the second sliding piece, and the upright post is fixedly provided with the second linear sliding rail;
when the second lifting seat reciprocates along the vertical direction, the second sliding piece reciprocates along the vertical direction on the second linear sliding rail.
In a preferred embodiment, the first linear push box module assembly includes a first rod and a first linear push box module;
the first rod responds to the first linear box pushing module to push box-type materials on the material receiving roller assembly to the conveying roller assembly.
In a preferred embodiment, the lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism further comprises: the material position adjusting assembly comprises a first electric cylinder and a first push plate;
the first push plate responds to the first electric cylinder to adjust the position of the box-type material on the conveying roller assembly.
In a preferred embodiment, the lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism further comprises: a conveying roller assembly arranged between the receiving roller assembly and the stacking platform and used for conveying box-type materials from the receiving roller assembly to the stacking platform;
the conveying roller assembly comprises a linear bearing box type unit fixed on the conveying roller assembly and a guide shaft fixed on the stacking platform; the linear bearing box type unit is sleeved on the guide shaft and is configured to slide along the vertical direction relative to the guide shaft;
the stacking platform comprises a platform frame, a first support and a second support are fixed on the platform frame, and the guide shaft is fixed on the first support and the second support.
In a preferred embodiment, a chain shuttle assembly is disposed on the palletizing platform, the chain shuttle assembly comprising a second push plate, a first shaft, a second shaft, a shuttle chain and a third drive motor
The reciprocating chain is arranged between the first shaft and the second shaft, the second push plate is fixed on the reciprocating chain, the reciprocating chain responds to the third driving motor to drive the second push plate to reciprocate along the horizontal direction, and box-type materials on the stacking platform are pushed to two sides to be arranged in rows.
In a preferred embodiment, a material blocking assembly is further arranged on the stacking platform, and the material blocking assembly comprises a baffle, a lever, a hinge block and a lifting spring;
the baffle is positioned at the front end of the stacking platform, is fixed with one end of the lever, is connected with the lifting spring at the fixed end of the lever and the baffle, the hinge block is hinged with the middle part of the lever, and the other end of the lever is a free end;
when the free end of the lever moves downwards, one end of the lever, which is used for fixing the baffle, drives the baffle to lift up, so that the box-type materials are blocked from moving forwards, and are orderly arranged;
the lifting spring pulls one end of the lever fixedly connected with the baffle to move downwards to drive the baffle to reset.
In a preferred embodiment, the stacking platform is further provided with platform width adjusting components, and the platform width adjusting components are distributed on two sides of the stacking platform;
the platform width adjusting assembly comprises a third bracket, a third linear slide rail and a plurality of first widening rods, the first widening rods are vertically fixed on the third bracket, the third linear slide rail is fixed on the third bracket, a third sliding piece is arranged on the third linear slide rail, and the third sliding piece is connected with the second linear box pushing module assembly;
A fourth linear sliding rail is fixed on at least two first widening rods, and a fourth sliding piece is arranged on the fourth linear sliding rail;
a plurality of second widening rods are arranged on two sides of the platform frame, the first widening rods and the second widening rods are arranged in a crossing mode, and the fourth sliding piece is fixed on the second widening rods;
the second electric cylinder is arranged at the end part of at least one second widening rod, an output shaft of the second electric cylinder is connected with the third bracket, and when the output shaft of the second electric cylinder stretches out or retracts, the platform width adjusting assembly is pushed to be far away from or close to the platform frame, so that the width of the stacking platform is adjusted.
In a preferred embodiment, a second linear box pushing module assembly is further arranged on the stacking platform, and the second linear box pushing module assembly comprises a second rod and a second linear box pushing module;
and the second rod responds to the second linear box pushing module to push out box-type materials arranged in rows on the stacking platform and stack the box-type materials in a carriage.
In a preferred embodiment, the second linear pushing module assembly further comprises a third bar, a fourth bracket and a fifth bracket;
The second linear box pushing module is provided with a fourth bracket, a third electric cylinder is fixed on the fourth bracket, and an output shaft of the third electric cylinder is fixed with the second rod;
a fifth linear sliding rail is fixed at two ends of the second rod, a fifth sliding piece is arranged on the fifth linear sliding rail, and the fifth sliding piece is fixed on the third rod;
a sixth linear sliding rail is fixed on the fifth bracket, a sixth sliding piece is arranged on the sixth linear sliding rail, and the sixth sliding piece is fixed on the third rod; the fifth bracket is fixed with the third sliding piece;
the third electric cylinder drives the second rod to move downwards, and the second rod presses the free end of the lever to move downwards;
when the output shaft of the second electric cylinder extends or retracts to push the platform width adjusting assembly to be far away from or close to the platform frame, the third rod responds to the platform width adjusting assembly and moves back and forth on the fifth linear sliding rail along with the fifth sliding piece;
when the output shaft of the third electric cylinder extends or retracts to drive the second rod to move up and down, the third rod responds to the second rod and moves back and forth on the sixth linear sliding rail along with the sixth sliding piece.
Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme of the utility model has at least the following beneficial effects:
the utility model provides a lifting discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging, which is characterized in that the arrangement of a material receiving roller assembly realizes floating material receiving at different stacking heights, realizes efficient continuous automatic discharging, eliminates the return time and the waiting time for discharging, and greatly improves the loading efficiency.
The lifting and discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging is provided by the utility model, the material position adjusting component drives the telescopic action through the servo mechanism, so that box-type materials can be accurately guided, the accurate insertion of the last box-type material is realized, the box-type materials are arranged in rows, the whole row stacking is realized, and the loading efficiency is improved.
The utility model provides a lifting discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging, wherein a chain reciprocating box pushing assembly is driven by a servo mechanism, when the box type material arrangement position occupies a box pulling stroke, the box pulling position is accurately controlled according to the occupied width, the box type materials can be more tightly arranged in a left-right material pulling mode, the space utilization rate is improved, the dumping risk of the box type materials is reduced, and meanwhile, the discharging speed is improved.
The utility model provides a lifting discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging, which is characterized in that a platform width adjusting component is used for controlling the expansion and contraction amount through a servo, and meanwhile, position protection detection is arranged, so that the action of a width adapting mechanism can be accurately controlled, carriages with different widths are adapted, and the loading rate of the carriages is improved.
The utility model provides a lifting and discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging, wherein a second linear box pushing module assembly has lifting and forward moving functions, and the width of the second linear box pushing module assembly can be changed along with the extension and retraction of a platform width adjusting assembly, so that the whole row box pushing is realized, and the loading efficiency is improved.
The lifting discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging improves the discharging efficiency and the space adaptability as a whole, and improves the loading efficiency of an automatic loading device.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present utility model, the drawings required for the description of the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is apparent that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present utility model, and other drawings may be obtained according to these drawings without inventive effort for a person skilled in the art.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of an automatic loading device for box-type materials in a carriage.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of an automatic loading device for box-type materials.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the flow path of the lifting box material by the liftable continuous lifting mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of a high-level loading of the lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the elevating continuous lifting mechanism according to the present utility model in one view.
Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of the present utility model in which a box-type material is transported by a liftable continuous lifting mechanism to a lifting discharge palletizing mechanism.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of a two-stage lift assembly of the lift discharge palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of a receiving roller assembly, a conveying roller assembly and a first linear pushing module assembly of the lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of a palletizing platform of the lifting discharge palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of a material blocking assembly of the lift discharge palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of a chain shuttle assembly of the lift discharge palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 13 is a schematic view of a platform width adjustment assembly of the lift discharge palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 14 is a schematic view of a second linear push box module assembly of the lift discharge palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of the lifting of the transport roller assembly of the lifting discharge palletizing mechanism of the present utility model relative to the palletizing platform.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of the box material transfer to lift discharge palletizing mechanism of the present utility model.
Fig. 17 is a schematic view of the box-like materials of the present utility model arranged in rows on a palletizing platform.
Fig. 18 is a schematic view of the present utility model arranged in rows of box material pushing out of the palletizing platform.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present utility model more clear, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present utility model will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings of the embodiments of the present utility model. It will be apparent that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the utility model. All other embodiments, which can be made by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts, based on the described embodiments of the present utility model fall within the protection scope of the present utility model.
Unless defined otherwise, technical or scientific terms used herein should be given the ordinary meaning as understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this utility model belongs. The terms "first," "second," and the like, as used herein, do not denote any order, quantity, or importance, but rather are used to distinguish one element from another. Likewise, the terms "a," "an," or "the" and similar terms do not denote a limitation of quantity, but rather denote the presence of at least one. The word "comprising" or "comprises", and the like, means that elements or items preceding the word are included in the element or item listed after the word and equivalents thereof, but does not exclude other elements or items. The terms "connected" or "connected," and the like, are not limited to physical or mechanical connections, but may include electrical connections, whether direct or indirect.
It should be noted that "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", and the like are used in the present utility model only to indicate a relative positional relationship, and when the absolute position of the object to be described is changed, the relative positional relationship may be changed accordingly.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, according to an embodiment of the present utility model, a box-type material automatic loading device includes a traveling mechanism 1, a telescopic chain belt conveyor 200, and a material posture adjusting mechanism 2, a liftable continuous lifting mechanism 3, a liftable material discharging palletizing mechanism 4, a laser radar space recognition assembly 5, a control assembly 6, and a man-machine interaction assembly 7 mounted on the traveling mechanism 1. As shown in fig. 1, the automatic box-type material loading device provided by the utility model is used for conveying box-type materials 100 into a carriage along a material conveying path a for stacking.
In the embodiment of the present utility model, one side along the direction of the material conveying path a is defined as a front end, and the other side along the opposite direction of the material conveying path a is defined as a rear end.
The travelling mechanism 1 is used for driving the carried material posture adjusting mechanism 2, the liftable continuous lifting mechanism 3 and the lifting discharging stacking mechanism 4 to travel in a carriage.
The material posture adjusting mechanism 2 is arranged at the rear end of the travelling mechanism 1 and is used for adjusting the posture of the box-type material 100.
The rear end of the material posture adjusting mechanism 2 is overlapped with the telescopic chain belt conveyor 200. The telescopic chain belt conveyor 200 is used for conveying the box-type material 100 to the material posture adjusting mechanism 2.
The liftable continuous lifting mechanism 3 is arranged at the front end of the material posture adjusting mechanism 2 and is used for continuously conveying the box-type materials 100 to the lifting discharging stacking mechanism 4. As shown in fig. 3, the box-type material 100 is lifted by the lifting continuous lifting mechanism 3 along the material flow path B and then conveyed to the lifting discharge stacking mechanism 4.
The lifting discharging and stacking mechanism 4 is arranged at the front end of the lifting continuous lifting mechanism 3 and is used for arranging the box-type materials 100 into rows and stacking the box-type materials 100 arranged into rows in a carriage. When the stacking of the box-type material 100 in the carriage is completed, the lifting material discharging stacking mechanism 4 ascends to stack the next layer of box-type material, and the lifting material discharging stacking mechanism 100 of the utility model is shown in a schematic diagram of high-position loading of the carriage in fig. 4.
And the laser radar identification component 5 is used for carrying out radar identification on the environment in the carriage. And the control component 6 is used for controlling the operation of the box-type material automatic loading device. The man-machine interaction assembly 7 is used for operating the box-type material automatic loading device by workers.
In order to make the present utility model more clearly described, first, the working flow of the present utility model will be described, and with reference to fig. 1 to 4, the travelling mechanism 1 carries the material posture adjusting mechanism 2, the liftable continuous lifting mechanism 3, the lifting and discharging stacking mechanism 4, the laser radar space identifying component 5, the control component 6 and the man-machine interaction component 7 to travel into the carriage of the gooseneck wagon.
The telescopic chain belt conveyor 200 conveys the box-type material 100 from the warehouse to the material posture adjustment mechanism 2, and the material posture adjustment mechanism 2 adjusts the posture of the box-type material 100.
The lifting continuous lifting mechanism 3 continuously lifts and conveys the box-type material 100 from the tail end of the material posture adjusting mechanism 2 to the lifting discharge stacking mechanism 4.
The lifting discharging stacking mechanism 4 adjusts the positions of the box-type materials 100 and arranges the box-type materials into rows. The lifting discharging and stacking mechanism 4 pushes the box-type materials 100 arranged in rows into the carriage for stacking at one time, and the loading task is completed.
When the stacking of the box-type materials 100 in the carriage is completed, the lifting discharging stacking mechanism 4 ascends to stack the next box-type materials.
When the travelling mechanism 1 walks to the entrance of the carriage, the laser radar space recognition assembly 5 scans the whole carriage, then the scanned point cloud data are transmitted to the control assembly 6, and the control assembly 6 calculates to obtain the space information of the carriage. The control components 6 are positioned at two sides of the material posture adjusting mechanism 2, the control components 6 receive data transmitted back by each mechanism, and control instructions are generated through calculation of the data to control actions of each mechanism.
The lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism 4 of the present utility model will be described in detail below.
Referring to fig. 5, the liftable continuous lifting mechanism 3 according to the embodiment of the present utility model comprises a mounting plate assembly 301, a first circular rail 302, a second circular rail 303, a re-rail assembly 304, a carrier assembly 306, etc. The carrier assembly 306 is configured to: the reciprocating motion is cycled along the first endless rail 302, the second endless rail 303, and the compound rail assembly 304, and the carrier assembly 306 is always in a horizontal position.
As shown in fig. 6, the carrier assembly 306 of the liftable continuous lifting mechanism 3 is operated in a staggered manner with respect to the clearance between the rollers of the receiving roller assembly 402 (described below) of the lifting discharge palletizing mechanism 4, without interference. When the carrier assembly 306 is continuously lowered, the material on the carrier assembly 306 is continuously placed to the receiving roller assembly 402, and the height of the liftable continuous lifting mechanism 3 is adjustable, so that a stacking platform 410 (described below) is omitted and the loading efficiency is improved.
Referring to fig. 7 to 18, according to an embodiment of the present utility model, the elevation discharge palletizing mechanism 4 includes: the two-stage lifting assembly 401, the receiving roller assembly 402, the conveying roller assembly 405, the first linear box pushing module assembly 403, the material position adjusting assembly 404, the second linear box pushing module assembly 409, the chain reciprocating box pushing assembly 407, the material blocking assembly 406, the platform width adjusting assembly 408 and the stacking platform 410.
According to an embodiment of the utility model, the receiving roller assembly 402 is engaged with the liftable continuous lifting mechanism 3 for receiving the box-type material 100 conveyed by the liftable continuous lifting mechanism 3, as shown in fig. 6.
The first linear pushing module assembly 403 is configured to push the box-type material 100 on the receiving roller assembly 402 toward the stacking platform 410. A conveyor roller assembly 405 is disposed between the receiving roller assembly 402 and the palletizing platform 410 for conveying the box-like material 100 from the receiving roller assembly 402 to the palletizing platform 410.
The chain reciprocating box pushing assembly 407 is arranged on the stacking platform 410 and is used for pushing the box-type materials 100 on the stacking platform 410 to the two sides to be arranged in rows. The second linear box pushing module assembly 409 is arranged on the stacking platform 410 and is used for pushing out the box-type materials 100 arranged in rows on the stacking platform 410 and stacking the box-type materials in the carriage. The two-stage lifting assembly 401 is used for lifting the stacking platform 410 along the vertical direction.
As shown in fig. 8, the two-stage lift assembly 401 includes a column 40101, a first lift base 40106, a first driving motor 40104, a first lift gear (not shown), a first lift rack 40102, a first slider 40105, a first linear rail 40103, a second lift base 40108, a second driving motor 40110, a second lift gear (not shown), a second lift rack 40111, a second slider 40107, and a second linear rail 40109, according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, the first lifting seat 40106 is fixed on the running gear 1, specifically, the first lifting seat 40106 is fixed on the frame assembly 101 of the running gear 1. The first elevating seat 40106 is configured to: and reciprocates in the vertical direction with respect to the column 40101.
A second lifting mount 40108 is coupled to palletizing platform 410 (described below) and second lifting mount 40108 is configured to reciprocate in a vertical direction relative to column 40101.
Further, a first driving motor 40104 is fixed on the first lifting seat 40106, an output shaft of the first driving motor 40104 is connected with a first lifting gear, the first lifting gear is meshed with a first lifting tooth 40102, and the first lifting rack 40102 is fixed with the upright post 40101. The first slider 40105 is mounted on the first linear rail 40103, the first slider 40105 is fixed to the first lifting base 40106, and the first linear rail 40103 is fixed to the column 40101.
The first driving motor 40104 drives the first lifting gear to rotate, and the first lifting rack 40102 reciprocates in the vertical direction in response to the first lifting gear, so that the column 40101 reciprocates in the vertical direction. When the first lifting rack 40102 reciprocates in the vertical direction in response to the first lifting gear, the first slider 40105 reciprocates in the vertical direction on the first linear rail 40103.
The second lifting base 40108 is fixed with a second driving motor 40110, an output shaft of the second driving motor 40110 is connected with a second lifting gear, the second lifting gear is meshed with a second lifting rack 40111, and the second lifting rack 40111 is fixed with a column 40101. The second slider 40107 is mounted on the second linear rail 40109, the second slider 40107 is fixed to the second lifting base 40108, and the second linear rail 40109 is fixed to the column 40101.
The second lifting gear is rotated in response to the second driving motor 40110, and reciprocates on the second lifting rack 40111 in the vertical direction, so as to drive the second lifting seat 40108 to reciprocate in the vertical direction, and further drive the stacking platform 410 connected with the second lifting seat 40108 to reciprocate in the vertical direction. When the second elevating seat 40108 reciprocates in the vertical direction, the second slider 40107 reciprocates in the vertical direction on the second linear rail 40109.
When the first driving motor 40104 drives the first lifting gear to rotate on the first lifting rack 40102, the upright 40101 lifts, and the first-stage lifting action of the stacking platform 410 is achieved. When the second driving motor 40110 drives the first lifting gear to rotate on the second lifting rack 40111, the second lifting seat 40108 reciprocates along the vertical direction, so as to realize the second-stage lifting of the stacking platform 410. The two-stage lifting arrangement effectively increases the operation range of stacking.
As shown in fig. 9, the first linear tote module assembly 403 includes a first pole 40301, a mount 40302, and a first linear tote module 40303, according to an embodiment of the utility model.
The first linear pushing module 40303 and the receiving roller assembly 402 are fixed on the mounting frame 40302, and the first rod 40301 is mounted on the first linear pushing module 40303. The first bar 40301 responds to the first linear pusher module 40303 to push the box material 100 on the take-up drum assembly 402 to the transfer drum assembly 405.
The material position adjustment assembly 404 includes a first electric cylinder 40401 and a first push plate 40402. The first cylinder 40401 is secured to the mount 40302. The output shaft of the first cylinder 40401 is coupled to the first push plate 40402 and the first push plate 40402 is responsive to the first cylinder 40401 to adjust the position of the box material 100 on the conveyor roller assembly 405.
The feed roller assembly 405 includes a linear bearing box unit 40504, a first motorized roller 40501, a first driven roller 40502, and a first belt 40503 secured to the feed roller assembly 405.
The first motorized pulley 40501 drives the first driven pulley 40502 via the first belt 40503 to move the material position adjustment assembly 404 to transport the adjusted position of the box-like material 100 on the transport pulley assembly 405 to the palletizing platform 410.
As shown in fig. 10, the palletizing platform 410 includes a platform frame 41001, a second motorized pulley 41003, a second driven pulley 41002, a second belt 41004, a mounting slot 41009, and a guide shaft 41008 according to embodiments of the present utility model.
The second motorized pulley 41003 drives the second driven pulley 41002 via the second belt 41004 to move the box material 100 forward. The mounting groove 41009 is secured to the second lift foot 40108 of the two stage lift assembly 401 to connect the second lift foot 40108 to the palletizing platform 410.
The guide shaft 41008 is secured to the palletizing platform 410. Specifically, the first and second brackets 41006, 41006 'are fixed to the platform frame 41001, and the guide shafts 41008 are fixed to the first and second brackets 41006, 41006'. The linear bearing box unit 40504 of the transport cylinder assembly 405 is sleeved on the guide shaft 41008, and the linear bearing box unit 40504 is fixed on the mounting frame 40302.
The linear bearing box unit 40504 is configured to slide in a vertical direction relative to the guide shaft 41008 to effect lifting and lowering of the transport drum assembly 405 relative to the palletizing platform 410 in a vertical direction.
In a further embodiment, a bridge 41007 is provided between the first and second brackets 41006, 41006'.
Referring to fig. 10 to 14, in the embodiment of the present utility model, a chain back and forth box pushing assembly 407, a material blocking assembly 406, a platform width adjusting assembly 408, and a second linear box pushing module assembly 409 are disposed on a palletizing platform 410.
The chain shuttle assembly 407 includes a second push plate 40705, a first shaft 40704, a second shaft 40710, a shuttle chain 40701, a third drive motor 40706, a tensioning block 40707, a timing belt 40708, a timing pulley 40709, and a sprocket 40703.
The reciprocating chain 40701 is disposed between the first shaft 40704 and the second shaft 40710, the second pushing plate 40705 is fixed on the reciprocating chain 40701, and the reciprocating chain 40701 responds to the third driving motor 40706 to drive the second pushing plate 40705 to reciprocate along the horizontal direction, so as to push the box-type materials 100 on the stacking platform 410 to two sides to be arranged in rows.
Specifically, sprockets 40703 are mounted on both sides of the first shaft 40704 and the second shaft 40710, the sprockets 40703 are connected to the output shaft of the third driving motor 40706 through a timing belt 40708 and a timing pulley 40709, and a belt bearing 40702 is mounted between the timing pulley 40709 and the first shaft 40704 and the second shaft 40710. The timing belt 40708 is tensioned by the tensioning block 40707.
The material blocking assembly 406 includes a baffle 40601, a lever 40604, a hinge block 40605, a guide pin 40602, and a pull-up spring 40603.
Baffle 40601 is located pile up neatly platform 410 front end, with the one end fixed connection of lever 40604 to be connected drawing spring 40603 at the one end of lever 40604 and baffle 40601 fixed connection, articulated piece 40605 is articulated with the middle part of lever 40604, and the other end of lever 40604 is the free end. The baffle 40601 is provided with a bar-shaped groove, the guide pin 40602 is embedded into the bar-shaped groove of the baffle 40601, and the baffle 40601 can slide up and down relative to the guide pin 40602.
When the free end of the lever 40604 is forced downward (arrow a in fig. 11), one end of the lever 40604, which holds the baffle 40601, lifts the baffle 40601 (arrow b in fig. 11), blocking the forward movement of the box-shaped material 100 and aligning the box-shaped material 100.
When the force on the free end of the lever 40604 is removed, the lift spring 40603 pulls one end of the lever 40604 to fix the baffle 40601 to move downward, driving the baffle 40601 to reset. The free end force condition of the lever 40604 is provided by the second linear push box module assembly 409, as will be described in detail below.
With reference to fig. 10 and 13, the platform width adjustment assemblies 408 are distributed on both sides of the palletizing platform 410. The platform width adjustment assembly 408 includes a third bracket 40801, a third linear slide 40802, and a plurality of first widening bars 40807.
The first widening bars 40807 are vertically fixed on the third support 40801, the third linear slide rail 40802 is fixed on the third support 40801, the third sliding member 40803 is mounted on the third linear slide rail 40802, and the third sliding member 40803 is connected to the second linear box pushing module assembly 409.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, a fourth linear rail 40804 is fixed to at least two first widening bars 40807, and a fourth slider 40805 is mounted on the fourth linear rail 40804.
A plurality of second widening bars 41010 are provided at both sides of the platform frame 41001, a plurality of first widening bars 40807 are arranged to intersect the plurality of second widening bars 41010, and a fourth slider 40805 is fixed to the second widening bars 41010.
According to an embodiment of the present utility model, a second electric cylinder 41005 is provided at least at an end of one second widening bar 41010, and an output shaft of the second electric cylinder 41005 is connected to the third bracket 40801. Specifically, the third bracket 40801 is provided with a mounting hole 40808, and the output shaft of the second electric cylinder 41005 is connected to the third bracket 40801 through the mounting hole 40808.
When the output shaft of the second electric cylinder 41005 is extended or retracted, the platform width adjustment assembly 408 is pushed away from or closer to the platform frame 41001, adjusting the width of the palletizing platform 410. The present utility model accommodates cars of different widths by moving left and right through the platform width adjustment assembly 408 according to car width.
Further, the first widening bar 40807 has a plurality of first universal balls 40806 disposed on an upper surface thereof, and the second widening bar 41010 has a plurality of second universal balls 41011 disposed on an upper surface thereof, so as to facilitate the arrangement of the box-type materials 100 to both sides of the palletizing platform 410.
As shown in fig. 14, the second linear push box module assembly 409 includes a second bar 40901, a third bar 40903, a fourth bracket 40909, a fifth bracket 40907, and a second linear push box module 40910 according to an embodiment of the present utility model.
The second bar 40901 responds to the second linear pushing module 40910 to push out the rows of box-like materials 100 arranged on the palletizing platform 410 and palletize the materials in the carriage.
Specifically, according to an embodiment of the present utility model, the second linear tote module 40910 is fixed to the platform frame 41001. A fourth bracket 40909 is provided on the second linear pushing module 40910, for example, the fourth bracket 40909 is mounted on a slider of the second linear pushing module 40910. A third electric cylinder 40902 is fixed on the fourth bracket 40909, and an output shaft of the third electric cylinder 40902 is fixed to the second rod 40901.
The fifth linear rail 40904 is fixed to both ends of the second rod 40901, the fifth slider 40908 is mounted on the fifth linear rail 40904, and the fifth slider 40908 is fixed to the third rod 40903. The sixth linear rail 40906 is fixed to the fifth bracket 40907, the sixth slider 40905 is mounted to the sixth linear rail 40906, the sixth slider 40905 is fixed to the third lever 40903, and the fifth bracket 40907 is fixed to the third slider 40803.
When the output shaft of the second electric cylinder 41005 is extended or retracted to push the platform width adjustment assembly 408 away from or close to the platform frame 41001, the third rod 40903 reciprocates on the fifth linear rail 40904 with the fifth slider 40908 in response to the platform width adjustment assembly 408 (as indicated by arrow d in fig. 14), achieving adaptation of the second rod 40901 to the vehicle cabin width.
When the output shaft of the third electric cylinder 40902 is extended or retracted to drive the second rod 40901 to move up and down, the third rod 40903 reciprocates on the sixth linear slide rail 40906 with the sixth slider 40905 in response to the second rod 40901 (as indicated by arrow c in fig. 14).
Specifically, when the third cylinder 40902 drives the second rod 40901 downward, the second rod 40901 presses the free end of the lever 40604, causing the free end of the lever 40604 to move downward (as indicated by arrow a in fig. 11).
When the third electric cylinder 40902 drives the second rod 40901 to lift upwards, the force on the free end of the lever 40604 disappears, the lifting spring 40603 pulls one end of the lever 40604 to fix the baffle 40601 to move downwards, the baffle 40601 is driven to reset, the baffle 40601 does not block the box-type material 100 any more, the second linear box pushing module 40910 drives the second rod 40901, and the box-type material 100 arranged in a row on the stacking platform 410 is pushed out (as shown by arrow e in fig. 14) and stacked in the carriage.
Referring to fig. 15 to 18, after the box-type materials 100 with different postures are transferred to the receiving roller assembly 402 on the lifting and discharging stacking mechanism 4 by the lifting continuous lifting mechanism 3, the box-type materials 100 are pushed onto the conveying roller assembly 405 by the first linear box-pushing module assembly 403.
After the position of the box-type material 100 on the conveying roller assembly 405 is adjusted by the material position adjusting assembly 404, the box-type material is conveyed forward by the conveying roller assembly 405 to the material blocking assembly 406 arranged on the stacking platform 410 and then stopped on the chain reciprocating box pushing assembly 407.
The chain shuttle box assembly 407 left and right rows of box material 100 and rows. The second linear box pushing module assembly 409 pushes the box materials 100 arranged in a row to the carriage stacking position at a time, and the stacking task of the box materials 100 is completed.
With reference to fig. 15-18, in the case where the dock is above the floor of the carriage, the lift and discharge palletizer mechanism 4 may interfere with the dock when palletizing the lowermost layer of box material 100 as the box material 100 is palletized near the entrance of the carriage. According to the utility model, the linear bearing box type unit 40504 fixed on the conveying roller assembly 405 is fixed on the stacking platform 410, the guide shaft 41008 is fixed, and the conveying roller assembly 405 is lifted in the vertical direction relative to the stacking platform 410 by sliding the linear bearing box type unit 40504 relative to the guide shaft 41008 in the vertical direction, so that when the lifting discharging stacking mechanism 4 loads near a dock, the conveying roller assembly 405 is lifted on the guide shaft 41008 for a certain distance relative to the stacking platform 410 (as shown in fig. 15), the collision between the receiving roller assembly 402 and the dock is avoided, and the problem of loading at a carriage mouth is solved.
The following points need to be described:
(1) The drawings of the embodiments of the present utility model relate only to the structures related to the embodiments of the present utility model, and other structures may refer to the general designs.
(2) In the drawings for describing embodiments of the present utility model, the thickness of layers or regions is exaggerated or reduced for clarity, i.e., the drawings are not drawn to actual scale. It will be understood that when an element such as a layer, film, region or substrate is referred to as being "on" or "under" another element, it can be "directly on" or "under" the other element or intervening elements may be present.
(3) The embodiments of the utility model and the features of the embodiments can be combined with each other to give new embodiments without conflict.
The present utility model is not limited to the above embodiments, but the scope of the utility model is defined by the claims.

Claims (10)

1. Lifting and discharging stacking mechanism for realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging, and is characterized in that the lifting and discharging stacking mechanism comprises: the device comprises a receiving roller assembly, a first linear box pushing module assembly, a second linear box pushing module assembly, a chain reciprocating box pushing assembly and a stacking platform;
The material receiving roller assembly is used for receiving box-type materials; the first linear pushing box module assembly is used for pushing box-type materials on the receiving roller assembly towards the stacking platform;
the chain reciprocating box pushing assembly is arranged on the stacking platform and used for pushing box-type materials on the stacking platform to two sides to be arranged in rows;
the second linear box pushing module assembly is arranged on the stacking platform and used for pushing out box-type materials arranged in rows on the stacking platform and stacking the box-type materials in a carriage.
2. The lift and discharge palletizing mechanism according to claim 1, further comprising a two-stage lift assembly for lifting the palletizing platform in a vertical direction, the two-stage lift assembly comprising a vertical column, a first lift seat and a second lift seat,
the first lifting seat is fixed on a travelling mechanism, and the first lifting seat is configured to: reciprocating in a vertical direction relative to the upright;
the second lifting seat is connected with the stacking platform and is configured to reciprocate along the vertical direction relative to the upright post;
the two-stage lift assembly further includes: the first driving motor, the first lifting gear and the first lifting rack; the first lifting seat is fixedly provided with the first driving motor, an output shaft of the first driving motor is connected with the first lifting gear, the first lifting gear is meshed with the first lifting rack, and the first lifting rack is fixed with the upright post;
The first driving motor drives the first lifting gear to rotate, and the first lifting rack responds to the first lifting gear to reciprocate along the vertical direction;
the two-stage lift assembly further includes: the device comprises a first sliding piece and a first linear sliding rail, wherein the first sliding piece is arranged on the first linear sliding rail;
the first sliding piece is fixed on the first lifting seat, and the first linear sliding rail is fixed on the upright post;
when the first lifting rack responds to the first lifting gear to reciprocate along the vertical direction, the first sliding piece reciprocates along the vertical direction on the first linear sliding rail;
the two-stage lift assembly further includes: the second driving motor, the second lifting gear and the second lifting rack; the second lifting seat is fixedly provided with the second driving motor, an output shaft of the second driving motor is connected with the second lifting gear, the second lifting gear is meshed with the second lifting rack, and the second lifting rack is fixed with the upright post;
the second lifting gear responds to the rotation of the second driving motor and reciprocates on the second lifting rack along the vertical direction to drive the second lifting seat to reciprocate along the vertical direction;
The two-stage lift assembly further includes: the second sliding piece and the second linear sliding rail are arranged on the second linear sliding rail;
the second lifting seat is fixedly provided with the second sliding piece, and the upright post is fixedly provided with the second linear sliding rail;
when the second lifting seat reciprocates along the vertical direction, the second sliding piece reciprocates along the vertical direction on the second linear sliding rail.
3. The lift and drain palletizing mechanism of claim 1, wherein the first linear push box module assembly comprises a first rod and a first linear push box module;
the first rod responds to the first linear box pushing module to push box-type materials on the material receiving roller assembly to the conveying roller assembly.
4. The lift discharge palletizing mechanism of claim 1, further comprising: the material position adjusting assembly comprises a first electric cylinder and a first push plate;
the first push plate responds to the first electric cylinder to adjust the position of the box-type material on the conveying roller assembly.
5. The lift discharge palletizing mechanism of claim 1, further comprising: a conveying roller assembly arranged between the receiving roller assembly and the stacking platform and used for conveying box-type materials from the receiving roller assembly to the stacking platform;
The conveying roller assembly comprises a linear bearing box type unit fixed on the conveying roller assembly and a guide shaft fixed on the stacking platform; the linear bearing box type unit is sleeved on the guide shaft and is configured to slide along the vertical direction relative to the guide shaft;
the stacking platform comprises a platform frame, a first support and a second support are fixed on the platform frame, and the guide shaft is fixed on the first support and the second support.
6. The lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism according to claim 1, wherein a chain shuttle box assembly is arranged on the palletizing platform, the chain shuttle box assembly comprising a second push plate, a first shaft, a second shaft, a shuttle chain and a third driving motor;
the reciprocating chain is arranged between the first shaft and the second shaft, the second push plate is fixed on the reciprocating chain, the reciprocating chain responds to the third driving motor to drive the second push plate to reciprocate along the horizontal direction, and box-type materials on the stacking platform are pushed to two sides to be arranged in rows.
7. The lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism according to claim 1, wherein a material blocking assembly is further arranged on the palletizing platform, the material blocking assembly comprising a baffle, a lever, a hinge block and a pull-up spring;
The baffle is positioned at the front end of the stacking platform, is fixedly connected with one end of the lever, is connected with the lifting spring at one end of the lever fixedly connected with the baffle, the hinge block is hinged with the middle part of the lever, and the other end of the lever is a free end;
when the free end of the lever moves downwards, the lever drives the baffle to lift up, so that the box-type materials are blocked from moving forwards, and the box-type materials are orderly arranged;
the lifting spring pulls one end of the lever fixedly connected with the baffle to move downwards to drive the baffle to reset.
8. The lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism according to claim 5, wherein the palletizing platform is further provided with platform width adjusting assemblies, and the platform width adjusting assemblies are distributed on two sides of the palletizing platform;
the platform width adjusting assembly comprises a third bracket, a third linear slide rail and a plurality of first widening rods, the first widening rods are vertically fixed on the third bracket, the third linear slide rail is fixed on the third bracket, a third sliding piece is arranged on the third linear slide rail, and the third sliding piece is connected with the second linear box pushing module assembly;
A fourth linear sliding rail is fixed on at least two first widening rods, and a fourth sliding piece is arranged on the fourth linear sliding rail;
a plurality of second widening rods are arranged on two sides of the platform frame, the first widening rods and the second widening rods are arranged in a crossing mode, and the fourth sliding piece is fixed on the second widening rods;
the second electric cylinder is arranged at the end part of at least one second widening rod, an output shaft of the second electric cylinder is connected with the third bracket, and when the output shaft of the second electric cylinder stretches out or retracts, the platform width adjusting assembly is pushed to be far away from or close to the platform frame, so that the width of the stacking platform is adjusted.
9. The lifting and discharging palletizing mechanism according to claim 1, wherein a second linear box pushing module assembly is further arranged on the palletizing platform, the second linear box pushing module assembly comprising a second rod and a second linear box pushing module;
and the second rod responds to the second linear box pushing module to push out box-type materials arranged in rows on the stacking platform and stack the box-type materials in a carriage.
10. The lift and discharge palletizing mechanism of claim 9, wherein the second linear push box module assembly further comprises a third bar, a fourth bracket and a fifth bracket;
The second linear box pushing module is provided with a fourth bracket, a third electric cylinder is fixed on the fourth bracket, and an output shaft of the third electric cylinder is fixed with the second rod;
a fifth linear sliding rail is fixed at two ends of the second rod, a fifth sliding piece is arranged on the fifth linear sliding rail, and the fifth sliding piece is fixed on the third rod;
a sixth linear sliding rail is fixed on the fifth bracket, a sixth sliding piece is arranged on the sixth linear sliding rail, and the sixth sliding piece is fixed on the third rod; the fifth bracket is fixed with the third sliding piece;
the third electric cylinder drives the second rod to move downwards, and the second rod presses the free end of the lever to move downwards;
when the output shaft of the second electric cylinder extends or retracts to push the platform width adjusting assembly to be far away from or close to the platform frame, the third rod responds to the platform width adjusting assembly and moves back and forth on the fifth linear sliding rail along with the fifth sliding piece;
when the output shaft of the third electric cylinder extends or retracts to drive the second rod to move up and down, the third rod responds to the second rod and moves back and forth on the sixth linear sliding rail along with the sixth sliding piece.
CN202321969253.0U 2023-07-25 2023-07-25 Lifting discharging stacking mechanism capable of realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging Active CN220282904U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321969253.0U CN220282904U (en) 2023-07-25 2023-07-25 Lifting discharging stacking mechanism capable of realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202321969253.0U CN220282904U (en) 2023-07-25 2023-07-25 Lifting discharging stacking mechanism capable of realizing efficient continuous automatic discharging

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117886061A (en) * 2024-03-15 2024-04-16 邳州市小河科技发展有限公司 Fodder package pile up neatly equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117886061A (en) * 2024-03-15 2024-04-16 邳州市小河科技发展有限公司 Fodder package pile up neatly equipment

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