CN215269599U - Self-propelled layering jujube tree trimming machine - Google Patents

Self-propelled layering jujube tree trimming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN215269599U
CN215269599U CN202120981890.4U CN202120981890U CN215269599U CN 215269599 U CN215269599 U CN 215269599U CN 202120981890 U CN202120981890 U CN 202120981890U CN 215269599 U CN215269599 U CN 215269599U
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China
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waistband
seat
pruning
branch
oil cylinder
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沈从举
付威
代亚猛
李帆
张鑫
谭新赞
周艳
孟祥金
张斌
金新文
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G3/00Cutting implements specially adapted for horticultural purposes; Delimbing standing trees
    • A01G3/08Other tools for pruning, branching or delimbing standing trees
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model discloses a self-propelled layering jujube tree trimming machine, including running gear, running gear is from locomotive (9), be the gantry structure of "door" type from locomotive (9), be equipped with two sets of pruning device (1) on from locomotive (9), be equipped with jujube tree pruning blade disc on the pruning device at least, jujube tree pruning blade disc contains annular waistband and saw bit, the surface of waistband is equipped with the clearance, and annular waistband and the coaxial setting of saw bit, be equipped with the pivot on the saw bit, drive the pivot through actuating mechanism and drive the saw bit and use the pivot to rotate as the centre of a circle, the waistband surface is equipped with the branch broach, the branch broach contains comb handle and branch tooth, the one end of comb handle is fixed in the outside of waistband, and the branch tooth is fixed on the comb handle, and is equipped with the branch broach of symmetry in the both sides in clearance.

Description

Self-propelled layering jujube tree trimming machine
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the garden machine field, concretely relates to front suspension type jujube tree trimming machine for pruning jujube tree branch.
Background
"world red date is in China, and Chinese red date sees Xinjiang". The planting area and the yield of Chinese red dates are the first in the world, the red dates serve as one of special Xinjiang forest fruits, and Xinjiang is the largest high-quality red date planting base in China. According to the latest new year book of Xinjiang and military grouping statistics, the method comprises the following steps: the planting area of Xinjiang red dates in 2017 is 714.4 ten thousand mu, the yield is 347 ten thousand tons, the army is 161.3 ten thousand mu, and the yield is 182 ten thousand tons. The yield of the southern Xinjiang red dates accounts for about 97% of the total yield of the whole Xinjiang, so the red date industry is an important support industry for the development of southern Xinjiang agriculture.
The dwarf dense planting trunk shape is the current planting mode of main pushing of the war group red dates. The pruning of the jujube trees is a key link of the standardized management of the jujube garden, and the seasonality is strong. Traditional artifical pruning wastes time and energy, inefficiency, can not satisfy the production requirement that the red date scale was planted, moreover because the problem that the labour is in short supply and leads to manufacturing cost to be high is outstanding day by day, red date economic benefits continuously descends, awaits urgently to research and develop the pruning mechanical equipment of jujube garden and replace manual work.
Because the texture density of red date branch is high, hardness is big, current fruit tree trimming machine (reciprocating type, rotary knife formula) mainly is applicable to fruit tree pruning such as grape and prunes the operation, is difficult to satisfy the requirement of jujube tree pruning, and present trimming machine is not applicable to the pruning of jujube branch, and the main problem lies in: firstly, the branch can not be effectively cut off (the branch is continuously easy to pull and damage), and secondly, the tree crown three-dimensional profiling layered pruning can not be realized.
Aiming at the whole-course operation machine tool of the red dates, no mature machine tool can be introduced and imitated abroad, relevant machines for harvesting, spraying, fertilizing and the like of the red dates are trial-produced in relevant colleges and universities and research units at home, but the relevant research on the mechanical trimming of the red dates is less. With the rapid development of standardization, scale and industrialization of a newly-built jujube garden, the whole-course mechanical management of the jujube garden is imperative, manual pruning and the existing pruning equipment cannot meet the technical requirements of the standardized garden building, and efficient, universal and high-degree pruning equipment is urgently needed to replace the traditional operation equipment.
Therefore, there is a need in the market for a self-propelled layered jujube tree trimmer that can be applied to pruning jujube trees.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model provides a simple structure can prune the operation in succession, has profile modeling function and layering pruning function, and the effectual self-propelled layering jujube tree trimmer of actual work pruning.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
the utility model provides a self-propelled layering jujube tree trimming machine, includes running gear, its characterized in that: the travelling mechanism is a self-travelling locomotive (9), the self-travelling locomotive (9) is of a portal structure in a shape of a door, two groups of pruning devices (1) are arranged on the self-travelling locomotive (9),
the pruning device (1) comprises an upper fixing seat (1-3), a lower fixing seat (1-7) and a pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8), the upper fixing seat (1-3) and the lower fixing seat (1-7) are respectively arranged at two ends of the pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8), hinged seats A (1-9) are respectively arranged on the upper fixing seat (1-3) and the lower fixing seat (1-7), the hinged seats A (1-9) are respectively hinged on an upper connecting seat (1-5) and a lower connecting seat (1-6),
a profiling wheel (1-1) is arranged below the lower fixed seat (1-7), the profiling wheel (1-1) can rotate,
the upper fixed seat (1-3) or the lower fixed seat (1-7) is provided with an oil cylinder seat,
a jujube tree pruning cutter is arranged on a pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8) and comprises an annular waistband (1-2-7) and a saw blade (1-2-3), a gap (1-2-6) is arranged on the surface of the waistband (1-2-7), the annular waistband (1-2-7) and the saw blade (1-2-3) are coaxially arranged, a rotating shaft (1-2-4) is arranged on the saw blade (1-2-3), the rotating shaft (1-2-4) is driven by a driving mechanism to drive the saw blade (1-2-3) to rotate by taking the rotating shaft (1-2-4) as the center of a circle,
the outer surface of the waistband (1-2-7) is provided with branch comb teeth, the branch comb teeth comprise comb handles (1-2-1) and branch teeth (1-2-2), one end of each comb handle (1-2-1) is fixed on the outer side of the waistband (1-2-7), the branch teeth (1-2-2) are fixed on the comb handles (1-2-1), and symmetrical branch comb teeth are arranged on two sides of the gap (1-2-6);
an included angle is formed between the comb handle (1-2-1) and the waistband (1-2-7) in the radial direction and is 0-50 degrees;
an included angle formed between the branch teeth (1-2-2) and the comb handle (1-2-1) is 30-60 degrees;
the rotating shaft (1-2-4) of the driving saw blade (1-2-3) is superposed or not superposed with the axes of the waistband (1-2-7) and the saw blade (1-2-3);
the upper connecting seat (1-5) and the lower connecting seat (1-6) are fixed on a self-walking locomotive (9) through a connecting mechanism, and the connecting mechanism comprises: the lower mounting assembly (7) and the upper mounting assembly (8), the lower mounting assembly (7) and the upper mounting assembly (8) are fixed on the self-walking locomotive (9), the lower connecting seats (1-6) are fixed on the lower mounting assembly (7), and the upper connecting seats (1-5) are fixed on the upper mounting assembly (8).
The self-walking locomotive (9) comprises a main frame (9-6) and an auxiliary frame (9-7), the main frame (9-6) and the auxiliary frame (9-7) are mutually inserted, an amplitude modulation oil cylinder (9-5) is arranged between the main frame and the auxiliary frame, walking wheels (9-1) are arranged on the auxiliary frame (9-7), the wheel pitch of the walking wheels (9-1) on two sides can be adjusted through the telescopic amplitude modulation oil cylinder (9-5), a steering oil cylinder (9-4) is further arranged, the steering oil cylinder (9-4) is connected with a steering connecting handle (9-3), the steering connecting handle (9-3) drives the walking wheels (9-1) to rotate, and the lower mounting assembly (7) and the upper mounting assembly (8) are both mounted on the auxiliary frame (9-7). The walking wheels (9-1) are provided with power devices, the walking wheels are driven to rotate through the power devices, and each walking wheel is independently provided with a power device. A profiling mechanism (2-9) is arranged between the pruning device (1) and the auxiliary machine frame (9-7).
The utility model provides a three-dimensional layering profile modeling jujube tree trimming means, includes running gear, running gear is traction engine (5), its characterized in that:
the traction locomotive (5) is provided with a pruning device (1), the pruning device (1) is connected with the traction locomotive (5) through a connecting mechanism,
the pruning device (1) has the following structure: comprises an upper fixed seat (1-3), a lower fixed seat (1-7) and a pruning mechanism fixed mount (1-8), wherein the upper fixed seat (1-3) and the lower fixed seat (1-7) are respectively arranged at two ends of the pruning mechanism fixed mount (1-8), the upper fixed seat (1-3) is connected with an upper connecting seat (1-5) through a hinged seat A (1-9), the lower fixed seat (1-7) is connected with a lower connecting seat (1-6) through a hinged seat A (1-9), a profiling wheel (1-1) is arranged below the lower fixed seat (1-7), the profiling wheel (1-1) can rotate,
the upper fixed seat (1-3) or the lower fixed seat (1-7) is provided with an oil cylinder seat,
a pruning mechanism (1-2) is arranged on the pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8),
the pruning mechanism (1-2) comprises an annular waistband (1-2-7) and a saw blade (1-2-3), a gap (1-2-6) is formed in the surface of the waistband (1-2-7), the annular waistband (1-2-7) and the saw blade (1-2-3) are coaxially arranged, a rotating shaft (1-2-4) is arranged on the saw blade (1-2-3), the rotating shaft (1-2-4) is driven by a driving mechanism to drive the saw blade (1-2-3) to rotate by taking the rotating shaft (1-2-4) as a circle center, the gap (1-2-6) of the waistband (1-2-7) is communicated with the inside and the outside of the ring, namely the saw blade (1-2-3) can penetrate out of the gap of the waistband (1-2-7),
the outer surface of the waistband (1-2-7) is provided with branch comb teeth, the branch comb teeth comprise comb handles (1-2-1) and branch teeth (1-2-2), one end of each comb handle (1-2-1) is fixed on the outer side of the waistband (1-2-7), the branch teeth (1-2-2) are fixed on the comb handles (1-2-1), and the two sides of the gap (1-2-6) are provided with symmetrical branch comb teeth.
The comb handle (1-2-1) and the waistband (1-2-7) form an included angle in the radial direction, and the included angle is 0-50 degrees.
An included angle formed between the branch teeth (1-2-2) and the comb handle (1-2-1) is 30-60 degrees.
The rotating shaft (1-2-4) of the driving saw blade (1-2-3) is coincident with or not coincident with the axes of the waistband (1-2-7) and the saw blade (1-2-3).
The rotation direction of the saw blade (1-2-3) is a forward direction or a reverse direction, the forward direction refers to the direction of the saw blade along the branch teeth (1-2-2), and the reverse direction refers to the direction of the saw blade opposite to the direction of the branch teeth (1-2-2).
The connecting mechanism includes: a hanging mechanism (3), a fixing mechanism (2) and a connecting frame (4),
the connecting frame (4) is provided with an inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder hinged part B (4-1), a tractor connecting part (4-2) and a suspension mechanism hinged seat (4-3), the tractor connecting part (4-2) is connected on a traction locomotive (5),
the suspension mechanism (3) comprises: a lifting rod (3-9) and a lifting rod sleeve (3-11), wherein one end of the lifting rod sleeve (3-11) is provided with a fixed frame articulated part (3-13), the lifting rod (3-9) and the lifting rod sleeve (3-11) are mutually inserted and can relatively move, the fixed frame articulated part (3-13) can be articulated on a suspension mechanism articulated seat (4-3), the lifting rod (3-9) is provided with a lifting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-8), the lifting rod sleeve (3-11) is provided with an inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-10) and a lifting oil cylinder articulated part B (3-12), an oil cylinder is arranged between the inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-10) and the inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder articulated part B (4-1), and an oil cylinder is arranged between the lifting oil cylinder articulated part B (3-12) and the lifting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-8),
a left and a right adjusting rod sleeve (3-4) are arranged on the lifting rod (3-9), a left and a right adjusting rod (3-3) are inserted in the left and the right adjusting rod sleeve (3-4), an angle adjusting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-6) is arranged on the left and the right adjusting rod (3-3), a telescopic rod oil cylinder articulated part B (3-5) is arranged on the left and the right adjusting rod sleeve (3-4), a telescopic rod oil cylinder articulated part A (3-2) is arranged on the left and the right adjusting rod (3-3), an oil cylinder is arranged between the telescopic rod oil cylinder articulated part B (3-5) and the telescopic rod oil cylinder articulated part A (3-2),
the other end of the left and right adjusting rod (3-3) is hinged with a balance seat (3-14), a cross rod (3-1) can be inserted into the balance seat (3-14), the cross rod (3-1) can freely move on the balance seat (3-14), an angle adjusting oil cylinder hinged part B (3-7) is arranged on the cross rod (3-1), an angle adjusting oil cylinder hinged part A (3-6) is arranged on the balance seat (3-14), and an oil cylinder is arranged between the angle adjusting oil cylinder hinged part B (3-7) and the angle adjusting oil cylinder hinged part A (3-6);
the fixing mechanism (2) comprises: the device comprises a vertical column (2-2) and a height adjusting rod (2-6), wherein one end of the vertical column (2-2) is provided with a cross rod sleeve (2-1), the cross rod sleeve (2-1) can be sleeved on a cross rod (3-1) and can freely move on the cross rod (3-1),
the upright post (2-2) is provided with a resetting mechanism hinged seat (2-3) and a height adjusting sleeve (2-5), an oil cylinder is arranged between the resetting mechanism hinged seat (2-3) and the oil cylinder seat, the oil cylinder seat is an oil cylinder seat arranged on the upper fixed seat (1-3) or the lower fixed seat (1-7),
the height adjusting rod (2-6) can move in the height adjusting sleeve (2-5) and is fixed in position, an upper hinging seat (2-8) of the trimming mechanism and a lower hinging seat (2-4) of the trimming mechanism are arranged on the height adjusting rod (2-6), the upper hinging seat (2-8) of the trimming mechanism and the lower hinging seat (2-4) of the trimming mechanism are respectively connected with hinging seats A (1-9) of an upper fixing seat (1-3) and a lower fixing seat (1-7), namely the upper connecting seat (1-5) is equivalent to the upper hinging seat (2-8) of the trimming mechanism, and the lower connecting seat (1-6) is equivalent to the lower hinging seat (2-4) of the trimming mechanism. Namely, the hinged seats A (1-9) can be connected to the upper hinged seat (2-8) of the trimming mechanism and the lower hinged seat (2-4) of the trimming mechanism.
The branch trimmer specially used for pruning the jujube trees has the advantages of simple structure, capability of continuously trimming, profiling function, layered trimming function and good actual operation pruning effect.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of simple structure can prune the operation in succession, has profile modeling function and layering pruning function, and the actual work pruning is effectual.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a pruning device.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of a fixing frame of the pruning mechanism.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the pruning mechanism.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a belt structure of the pruning mechanism.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the blade of the pruning mechanism.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of a saw blade structure with an eccentric configuration of the drive shaft.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a pruning mechanism with an eccentric driving shaft.
Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of a belt structure of the pruning mechanism with an eccentric driving shaft.
Fig. 9 is a schematic mechanism diagram of the traction type jujube tree pruning machine.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the pruning device connecting frame.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of the suspension mechanism of the pruning device.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of the fixing mechanism of the pruning device.
Fig. 13 is a schematic view of the structure of the self-walking trimmer.
Fig. 14 is a side view schematic of fig. 13.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of the construction of the lower connecting means of the pruning means of the self-propelled trimmer.
FIG. 16 is a schematic view showing the structure of the connecting means of the pruning means of the self-propelled trimmer.
Fig. 17 is a schematic top view of the pruning device.
Fig. 18 is a schematic view of the opening structure of the pruning device in the pruning state.
Fig. 19 is a schematic structural view II of a profiling mechanism of the pruning mechanism.
Fig. 20 is a perspective view of the self-walking trimmer.
Fig. 21 is a schematic top view of fig. 14.
Shown in the figure:
1 is a pruning device, 1-1 is a profiling wheel,
1-2 is a pruning mechanism, 1-2-1 is a comb handle, 1-2-2 is branch teeth, 1-2-3 is a saw blade, 1-2-4 is a rotating shaft, 1-2-5 is a fixed end, 1-2-6 is a gap, 1-2-7 is a waistband, 1-2-8 is saw teeth,
1-3 is an upper fixed seat, 1-4 is a driving mechanism, 1-5 is an upper connecting seat, 1-6 is a lower connecting seat, 1-7 is a lower fixed seat, 1-8 is a pruning mechanism fixing frame, 1-9 is a hinged seat A,
2 is a fixing mechanism, 2-1 is a cross bar sleeve, 2-2 is an upright post, 2-3 is a resetting mechanism hinged seat, 2-4 is a trimming mechanism lower hinged seat, 2-5 is a height adjusting sleeve, 2-6 is a height adjusting rod, 2-7 is an adjusting pin hole, 2-8 is a trimming mechanism upper hinged seat, 2-9 is a profiling mechanism,
3 is a hanging mechanism, 3-1 is a cross bar, 3-2 is a telescopic rod oil cylinder hinge part A, 3-3 is a left and right adjusting rod, 3-4 is a left and right adjusting rod sleeve, 3-5 is a telescopic rod oil cylinder hinge part B, 3-6 is an angle adjusting oil cylinder hinge part A, 3-7 is an angle adjusting oil cylinder hinge part B, 3-8 is a lifting oil cylinder hinge part A, 3-9 is a lifting rod, 3-10 is an inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder hinge part A, 3-11 is a lifting rod sleeve, 3-12 is a lifting oil cylinder hinge part B, 3-13 is a fixed frame hinge part, 3-14 is a balance seat,
4 is a connecting frame, 4-1 is a hinged part B of an inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder, 4-2 is a tractor connecting part, 4-3 is a hinged seat of a suspension mechanism,
5 is a traction locomotive, 6 is an oil cylinder, 7 is a lower mounting assembly, 8 is an upper mounting assembly, 9 is a self-walking locomotive, 9-1 is a walking wheel, 9-2 is a power device, 9-3 is a steering connecting handle, 9-4 is a steering oil cylinder, 9-5 is an amplitude modulation oil cylinder, 9-6 is a main frame, and 9-7 is an auxiliary frame.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail below.
Example 1: the embodiment discloses preceding suspension type jujube tree trimming machine, including running gear, its characterized in that:
the running mechanism is a traction locomotive (5), the traction locomotive (5) can run by itself, a suspension bracket is arranged on the traction locomotive (5),
the traction locomotive (5) is provided with a pruning device (1), the pruning device (1) is connected with the traveling mechanism through a connecting mechanism, namely the pruning device (1) is arranged on a suspension bracket of the traction locomotive (5) through the connecting mechanism,
the pruning device (1) has the following structure:
comprises an upper fixed seat (1-3), a lower fixed seat (1-7) and a pruning mechanism fixed mount (1-8), wherein the upper fixed seat (1-3) and the lower fixed seat (1-7) are respectively arranged at two ends of the pruning mechanism fixed mount (1-8), the upper fixed seat (1-3) is connected with an upper connecting seat (1-5) through a hinged seat A (1-9), the lower fixed seat (1-7) is connected with a lower connecting seat (1-6) through a hinged seat A (1-9),
the upper fixing seat (1-3) or the lower fixing seat (1-7) is provided with an oil cylinder seat, the oil cylinder seat is connected with an oil cylinder or an elastic mechanism, the other end of the oil cylinder or the elastic mechanism is fixedly connected, the pruning device can swing through a hinged seat when the pruning device needs to swing through the extension and contraction of the oil cylinder or the elasticity of the elastic mechanism,
a plurality of pruning mechanisms (1-2) are arranged on the pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8), the pruning mechanisms (1-2) are sequentially arranged on the pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8) from top to bottom, namely different pruning mechanisms (1-2) are arranged on different horizontal layers of the pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8),
the pruning mechanism (1-2) comprises an annular waistband (1-2-7) and a saw blade (1-2-3), a gap (1-2-6) is arranged on the surface of the waistband (1-2-7), the waistband (1-2-7) is in a sheet shape, the gap (1-2-6) is a hollow groove body and can communicate the two sides of the waistband (1-2-7), the sheet-shaped waistband (1-2-7) is bent, closed and connected to form the annular waistband (1-2-7), the saw blade (1-2-3) is arranged in an annular area surrounded by the waistband (1-2-7), and a rotating shaft (1-2-4) is arranged on the saw blade (1-2-3), the driving mechanism drives the rotating shaft (1-2-4) to drive the saw blade (1-2-3) to rotate by taking the rotating shaft (1-2-4) as the center of a circle,
the outer surface of the waistband (1-2-7) is provided with branch comb teeth, the branch comb teeth are arranged on two sides of the gap (1-2-6), the branch comb teeth comprise comb handles (1-2-1) and branch teeth (1-2-2), one end of each comb handle (1-2-1) is fixed on the outer side of the waistband (1-2-7), and a plurality of branch teeth (1-2-2) are fixed on the comb handles (1-2-1).
The comb handle (1-2-1) and the waistband (1-2-7) form an included angle in the radial direction, and the included angle is 0-50 degrees.
An included angle formed between the branch teeth (1-2-2) and the comb handle (1-2-1) is 30-60 degrees.
The rotating shaft (1-2-4) of the driving saw blade (1-2-3) is overlapped or not overlapped with the axle center of the waistband (1-2-7).
The rotating shaft (1-2-4) of the driving saw blade (1-2-3) is overlapped or not overlapped with the axle center of the saw blade (1-2-3).
The connecting mechanism includes: a hanging mechanism (3), a fixing mechanism (2) and a connecting frame (4),
the connecting frame (4) is provided with an inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder hinged part B (4-1), a tractor connecting part (4-2) and a suspension mechanism hinged seat (4-3), the tractor connecting part (4-2) is connected on a traction locomotive (5),
the suspension mechanism (3) comprises: a lifting rod (3-9) and a lifting rod sleeve (3-11), wherein one end of the lifting rod sleeve (3-11) is provided with a fixed frame articulated part (3-13), the lifting rod (3-9) and the lifting rod sleeve (3-11) are mutually inserted and can relatively move, the fixed frame articulated part (3-13) can be articulated on a suspension mechanism articulated seat (4-3), the lifting rod (3-9) is provided with a lifting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-8), the lifting rod sleeve (3-11) is provided with an inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-10) and a lifting oil cylinder articulated part B (3-12), an oil cylinder is arranged between the inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-10) and the inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder articulated part B (4-1), and an oil cylinder is arranged between the lifting oil cylinder articulated part B (3-12) and the lifting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-8),
a left and a right adjusting rod sleeve (3-4) are arranged on the lifting rod (3-9), a left and a right adjusting rod (3-3) and an angle adjusting oil cylinder articulated part A (3-6) are inserted in the left and the right adjusting rod sleeve (3-4), a telescopic rod oil cylinder articulated part B (3-5) is arranged on the left and the right adjusting rod sleeve (3-4), a telescopic rod oil cylinder articulated part A (3-2) is arranged on the left and the right adjusting rod (3-3), an oil cylinder is arranged between the telescopic rod oil cylinder articulated part B (3-5) and the telescopic rod oil cylinder articulated part A (3-2),
the other end of the left and right adjusting rod (3-3) is hinged with a balance seat (3-14), a cross rod (3-1) can be inserted into the balance seat (3-14) and the cross rod (3-1) can move freely on the balance seat (3-14), an angle adjusting oil cylinder hinged part B (3-7) is arranged on the cross rod (3-1), and an oil cylinder is arranged between the angle adjusting oil cylinder hinged part B (3-7) and the angle adjusting oil cylinder hinged part A (3-6);
the fixing mechanism (2) comprises: (2-2) and a height adjusting rod (2-6), wherein one end of the (2-2) is provided with a cross rod sleeve (2-1), the cross rod sleeve (2-1) can be sleeved on the cross rod (3-1) and can freely move on the cross rod (3-1),
the (2-2) is provided with a resetting mechanism hinged seat (2-3) and a height adjusting sleeve (2-5), an oil cylinder is arranged between the resetting mechanism hinged seat (2-3) and the oil cylinder seat,
the height adjusting rod (2-6) can move in the height adjusting sleeve (2-5) and is fixed in position, an upper hinging seat (2-8) of the trimming mechanism and a lower hinging seat (2-4) of the trimming mechanism are arranged on the height adjusting rod (2-6), and the upper hinging seat (2-8) of the trimming mechanism and the lower hinging seat (2-4) of the trimming mechanism are respectively connected with an upper fixing seat (1-3) and a lower fixing seat (1-7).
In actual use: the position and the angle of the fixing mechanism (2) can be adjusted by controlling the oil cylinder through adjusting the oil cylinder between the lifting oil cylinder hinge part A (3-8) and the lifting oil cylinder hinge part B (3-12), the oil cylinder between the inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder hinge part A (3-10) and the inclination angle adjusting oil cylinder hinge part B (4-1) and the oil cylinder between the angle adjusting oil cylinder hinge part A (3-6) and the angle adjusting oil cylinder hinge part B (3-7), so that the branch pruning is realized.
When the pruning machine works, the saw blade of the pruning mechanism rotates, the branches are gathered between the branch teeth by the comb handle and the branch teeth, and the branches between the branch teeth are cut off by the saw blade.
Example 2: the utility model provides a self-propelled layering jujube tree trimming machine which characterized in that: comprises an upper fixed seat (1-3), a lower fixed seat (1-7) and a pruning mechanism fixed mount (1-8), wherein the upper fixed seat (1-3) and the lower fixed seat (1-7) are respectively arranged at two ends of the pruning mechanism fixed mount (1-8), the upper fixed seat (1-3) is connected with an upper connecting seat (1-5) through a hinged seat A (1-9), the lower fixed seat (1-7) is connected with a lower connecting seat (1-6) through a hinged seat A (1-9),
the upper fixing seat (1-3) or the lower fixing seat (1-7) is provided with an oil cylinder seat, the oil cylinder seat is connected with an oil cylinder or an elastic mechanism, the other end of the oil cylinder or the elastic mechanism is fixedly connected, the pruning device can swing through a hinged seat when the pruning device needs to swing through the extension and contraction of the oil cylinder or the elasticity of the elastic mechanism,
a plurality of pruning mechanisms (1-2) are arranged on the pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8), the pruning mechanisms (1-2) are sequentially arranged on the pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8) from top to bottom, namely different pruning mechanisms (1-2) are arranged on different horizontal layers of the pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8),
the pruning mechanism (1-2) comprises an annular waistband (1-2-7) and a saw blade (1-2-3), a gap (1-2-6) is arranged on the surface of the waistband (1-2-7), the waistband (1-2-7) is in a sheet shape, the gap (1-2-6) is a hollow groove body and can communicate the two sides of the waistband (1-2-7), the sheet-shaped waistband (1-2-7) is bent, closed and connected to form the annular waistband (1-2-7), the saw blade (1-2-3) is arranged in an annular area surrounded by the waistband (1-2-7), and a rotating shaft (1-2-4) is arranged on the saw blade (1-2-3), the driving mechanism drives the rotating shaft (1-2-4) to drive the saw blade (1-2-3) to rotate by taking the rotating shaft (1-2-4) as the center of a circle,
the outer surface of the waistband (1-2-7) is provided with branch comb teeth, the branch comb teeth are arranged on two sides of the gap (1-2-6), the branch comb teeth comprise comb handles (1-2-1) and branch teeth (1-2-2), one end of each comb handle (1-2-1) is fixed on the outer side of the waistband (1-2-7), and a plurality of branch teeth (1-2-2) are fixed on the comb handles (1-2-1).
The comb handle (1-2-1) and the waistband (1-2-7) form an included angle in the radial direction, and the included angle is 0-50 degrees.
An included angle formed between the branch teeth (1-2-2) and the comb handle (1-2-1) is 30-60 degrees.
The rotating shaft (1-2-4) of the driving saw blade (1-2-3) is overlapped or not overlapped with the axle center of the waistband (1-2-7).
The rotating shaft (1-2-4) of the driving saw blade (1-2-3) is overlapped or not overlapped with the axle center of the saw blade (1-2-3).
Example 3: the utility model provides a jujube tree pruning blade disc which characterized in that: the waistband comprises an annular waistband (1-2-7) and a saw blade (1-2-3), wherein a gap (1-2-6) is arranged on the surface of the waistband (1-2-7), the waistband (1-2-7) is in a sheet shape, the gap (1-2-6) is a hollow groove body and can communicate the two sides of the waistband (1-2-7), the sheet-shaped waistband (1-2-7) is bent, closed and connected to form the annular waistband (1-2-7), the saw blade (1-2-3) is arranged in an annular area surrounded by the waistband (1-2-7), a rotating shaft (1-2-4) is arranged on the saw blade (1-2-3), and the rotating shaft (1-2-4) is driven by a driving mechanism to drive the saw blade (1-2-3) to use the rotating shaft (1) 2-4) rotating by taking the center of a circle,
the outer surface of the waistband (1-2-7) is provided with branch comb teeth, the branch comb teeth are arranged on two sides of the gap (1-2-6), the branch comb teeth comprise comb handles (1-2-1) and branch teeth (1-2-2), one end of each comb handle (1-2-1) is fixed on the outer side of the waistband (1-2-7), and a plurality of branch teeth (1-2-2) are fixed on the comb handles (1-2-1).
The comb handle (1-2-1) and the waistband (1-2-7) form an included angle in the radial direction, and the included angle is 0-50 degrees.
An included angle formed between the branch teeth (1-2-2) and the comb handle (1-2-1) is 30-60 degrees.
The rotating shaft (1-2-4) of the driving saw blade (1-2-3) is overlapped or not overlapped with the axle center of the waistband (1-2-7).
The rotating shaft (1-2-4) of the driving saw blade (1-2-3) is overlapped or not overlapped with the axle center of the saw blade (1-2-3).
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, many changes and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, and these are all within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a self-propelled layering jujube tree trimming machine, includes running gear, its characterized in that: the self-walking mechanism is a self-walking locomotive (9), the self-walking locomotive (9) is of a door-shaped gantry structure, two groups of pruning devices (1) are arranged on the self-walking locomotive (9), each pruning device (1) comprises an upper fixing seat (1-3), a lower fixing seat (1-7) and a pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8), the upper fixing seats (1-3) and the lower fixing seats (1-7) are respectively arranged at two ends of the pruning mechanism fixing frames (1-8), hinged seats A (1-9) are respectively arranged on the upper fixing seats (1-3) and the lower fixing seats (1-7), the hinged seats A (1-9) are respectively hinged on the upper connecting seats (1-5) and the lower connecting seats (1-6),
a profiling wheel (1-1) is arranged below the lower fixed seat (1-7), the profiling wheel (1-1) can rotate,
the upper fixed seat (1-3) or the lower fixed seat (1-7) is provided with an oil cylinder seat,
a jujube tree pruning cutter is arranged on a pruning mechanism fixing frame (1-8) and comprises an annular waistband (1-2-7) and a saw blade (1-2-3), a gap (1-2-6) is arranged on the surface of the waistband (1-2-7), the annular waistband (1-2-7) and the saw blade (1-2-3) are coaxially arranged, a rotating shaft (1-2-4) is arranged on the saw blade (1-2-3), the rotating shaft (1-2-4) is driven by a driving mechanism to drive the saw blade (1-2-3) to rotate by taking the rotating shaft (1-2-4) as the center of a circle,
the outer surface of the waistband (1-2-7) is provided with branch comb teeth, the branch comb teeth comprise comb handles (1-2-1) and branch teeth (1-2-2), one end of each comb handle (1-2-1) is fixed on the outer side of the waistband (1-2-7), the branch teeth (1-2-2) are fixed on the comb handles (1-2-1), and symmetrical branch comb teeth are arranged on two sides of the gap (1-2-6);
an included angle is formed between the comb handle (1-2-1) and the waistband (1-2-7) in the radial direction and is 0-50 degrees;
an included angle formed between the branch teeth (1-2-2) and the comb handle (1-2-1) is 30-60 degrees;
the rotating shaft (1-2-4) of the driving saw blade (1-2-3) is superposed or not superposed with the axes of the waistband (1-2-7) and the saw blade (1-2-3);
the upper connecting seat (1-5) and the lower connecting seat (1-6) are fixed on a self-walking locomotive (9) through a connecting mechanism, and the connecting mechanism comprises: the lower mounting assembly (7) and the upper mounting assembly (8), the lower mounting assembly (7) and the upper mounting assembly (8) are fixed on the self-walking locomotive (9), the lower connecting seats (1-6) are fixed on the lower mounting assembly (7), and the upper connecting seats (1-5) are fixed on the upper mounting assembly (8).
CN202120981890.4U 2020-10-21 2021-05-08 Self-propelled layering jujube tree trimming machine Active CN215269599U (en)

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CN202011323441.7A Active CN112369241B (en) 2020-10-21 2020-11-23 Jujube tree pruning cutter head and three-dimensional layered profiling jujube tree pruning device formed by same
CN202011322007.7A Pending CN112314225A (en) 2020-10-21 2020-11-23 Special suspension type jujube tree trimmer before jujube tree branch is pruned
CN202022733503.3U Active CN214070760U (en) 2020-10-21 2020-11-23 Jujube tree pruning blade disc
CN202022752778.1U Active CN213907609U (en) 2020-10-21 2020-11-23 Special suspension type jujube tree trimmer before jujube tree branch is pruned
CN202022738679.8U Active CN214046757U (en) 2020-10-21 2020-11-23 Three-dimensional layering profile modeling jujube tree trimming means
CN202120981890.4U Active CN215269599U (en) 2020-10-21 2021-05-08 Self-propelled layering jujube tree trimming machine
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CN202011322007.7A Pending CN112314225A (en) 2020-10-21 2020-11-23 Special suspension type jujube tree trimmer before jujube tree branch is pruned
CN202022733503.3U Active CN214070760U (en) 2020-10-21 2020-11-23 Jujube tree pruning blade disc
CN202022752778.1U Active CN213907609U (en) 2020-10-21 2020-11-23 Special suspension type jujube tree trimmer before jujube tree branch is pruned
CN202022738679.8U Active CN214046757U (en) 2020-10-21 2020-11-23 Three-dimensional layering profile modeling jujube tree trimming means

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CN112369241B (en) * 2020-10-21 2023-08-22 新疆农垦科学院 Jujube tree pruning cutter head and three-dimensional layered profiling jujube tree pruning device formed by same

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EP2596699B1 (en) * 2011-11-22 2014-07-02 Yamabiko Corporation Apparatus for tree pruning
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CN112369241B (en) * 2020-10-21 2023-08-22 新疆农垦科学院 Jujube tree pruning cutter head and three-dimensional layered profiling jujube tree pruning device formed by same

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114651620A (en) * 2022-04-09 2022-06-24 江西贝加尔河生态农业发展有限公司 Pruning device and method for fruit tree branches

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CN112369241A (en) 2021-02-19
CN112314225A (en) 2021-02-05
CN213907609U (en) 2021-08-10
CN214070760U (en) 2021-08-31
CN112369241B (en) 2023-08-22
CN214046757U (en) 2021-08-27

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