CN110810047A - Self-propelled fruit tree profile modeling trimming machine of track - Google Patents

Self-propelled fruit tree profile modeling trimming machine of track Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110810047A
CN110810047A CN201911206660.4A CN201911206660A CN110810047A CN 110810047 A CN110810047 A CN 110810047A CN 201911206660 A CN201911206660 A CN 201911206660A CN 110810047 A CN110810047 A CN 110810047A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
self
rotary cutter
propelled
oil cylinder
connecting frame
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Pending
Application number
CN201911206660.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周艳
何磊
蔡文龙
温相源
代亚猛
李帆
张景
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Priority to CN201911206660.4A priority Critical patent/CN110810047A/en
Publication of CN110810047A publication Critical patent/CN110810047A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G3/00Cutting implements specially adapted for horticultural purposes; Delimbing standing trees
    • A01G3/08Other tools for pruning, branching or delimbing standing trees

Abstract

The invention provides a crawler self-propelled fruit tree profiling trimmer which comprises a crawler self-propelled part, a tool rest, a driving motor, a connecting frame, a profiling mechanism, a left-right adjusting oil cylinder, a vertical adjusting oil cylinder, a rotary cutter head, a left-right moving guide rail and a chassis, wherein the crawler self-propelled part is arranged on the connecting frame; the front part of the chassis of the crawler self-walking part is provided with a left-right moving guide rail, the bottom of the connecting frame is clamped on the left-right moving guide rail through a sliding wheel, one end of a left-right adjusting oil cylinder is arranged at one end of the chassis, and the other end of the left-right adjusting oil cylinder is connected with the connecting frame. The invention is suitable for high-efficiency pruning of a dwarf close-planting orchard, solves the problems of low working efficiency and high labor intensity of manual pruning, greatly reduces the labor cost and improves the mechanized and automatic pruning level of the orchard.

Description

Self-propelled fruit tree profile modeling trimming machine of track
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery, relates to a fruit tree pruning machine, and particularly relates to a crawler self-propelled fruit tree profiling pruning machine with an auxiliary profiling function.
Background
With the adjustment of the agricultural industrial structure, the planting area of the forest and fruit industry is rapidly enlarged, and the forest and fruit have become one of the important economic sources for fruit growers; the area of the dwarf and dense planting orchard is enlarged year by year, the orchard production management always mainly adopts manual management, the working efficiency is low, the labor intensity is high, and the existing management mode seriously hinders the standardization and scale development process of the modern orchard.
The fruit tree pruning in the orchard production management still continues to use manual hand-held scissors or electric and pneumatic pruning scissors, the labor intensity is high, the labor cost is high, and the cost also tends to increase. In addition, the orchard land is complex and not smooth enough; therefore, a fruit tree pruning device which is suitable for a dwarf and close-planting orchard and meets the requirement of pruning agriculture is needed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects in the prior art, provides the crawler self-propelled fruit tree profiling trimmer, solves the problems of low working efficiency and high labor intensity of manual trimming, greatly reduces the labor cost and improves the mechanized and automatic trimming level of an orchard.
The invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a crawler self-propelled fruit tree profiling trimmer comprises a crawler self-propelled part, a tool rest, a driving motor, a connecting frame, a profiling mechanism, a left-right adjusting oil cylinder, a vertical adjusting oil cylinder, a rotary cutter head, a left-right moving guide rail and a chassis.
The front part of the chassis of the crawler self-walking part is provided with a left-right moving guide rail, the bottom of the connecting frame is clamped on the left-right moving guide rail through a sliding wheel, one end of a left-right adjusting oil cylinder is arranged at one end of the chassis, the other end of the left-right adjusting oil cylinder is connected with the connecting frame, and the chassis is also provided with an electromagnetic valve for controlling oil inlet or outlet of the oil cylinder.
One end of the profiling mechanism is hinged to the top end of the connecting rod, the end of the other end of the profiling mechanism is provided with the knife rest, the profiling mechanism is designed to be retractable according to a quadrilateral principle, one edge of the profiling mechanism is extended according to the characteristics of an orchard, the length of the rest edge of the profiling mechanism is slightly short, the edges are hinged, one end of the upper adjusting oil cylinder and the lower adjusting oil cylinder is fixed on the connecting frame, and the other end of the upper adjusting oil cylinder and the lower adjusting.
The tool rest is welded with a base at the back, the driving motor is installed on the base, a rotating shaft of the driving motor is connected with the driving rotating shaft through a coupler, the driving rotating shaft is installed on the tool rest through a bearing, a driving wheel is further installed on one side of the driving rotating shaft, and a rotary cutter head is installed on the other side of the driving rotating shaft.
The cross section of the connecting frame is larger than the cross section of the long side of the profiling mechanism.
The length of the connecting frame is 50-120 cm.
The action wheel is the band pulley, still installs the rotatory blade disc of upper side at the rotatory blade disc upside of knife rest, still installs the rotatory blade disc of lower side at rotatory blade disc downside, and the rotatory blade disc opposite side of upper side is the upside from the driving wheel, and the upside passes through the belt from the driving wheel to be connected with the action wheel, and the rotatory blade disc opposite side of downside is the downside from the driving wheel, and the downside passes through the belt from the driving wheel and links to each other with.
The distance between the rotary cutter disc and the rotary cutter disc at the lower side is smaller than 1-2 cm.
The crawler self-propelled fruit tree profiling trimmer is also provided with a controller for receiving infrared wireless signals sent by the remote controller, and the controller is connected with a driving motor for controlling the crawler self-propelled part and is used for controlling the traveling direction of the driving motor.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the invention is suitable for high-efficiency pruning of a dwarf close-planting orchard, solves the problems of low working efficiency and high labor intensity of manual pruning, greatly reduces the labor cost and improves the mechanized and automatic pruning level of the orchard.
2. The cutter frame disclosed by the invention is simple in structure, convenient in material taking, simple in overall structure of the trimmer, convenient in assembly of all parts, convenient to self-manufacture and low in cost, controls and operates agricultural machinery such as a hand tractor and the like, is low in operation difficulty, and is suitable for popularization and utilization by fruit growers.
3. The profiling mechanism provided by the invention has a plurality of different adjusting structures and modes compared with the prior art, one is to utilize the characteristic that a quadrilateral structure is easy to deform so as to meet the requirements of adjusting the angle and the length when pruning and dwarfing fruit trees, but the installation position of a tool rest can be adjusted without stopping the machine, the other is to divide the profiling mechanism into a long side as a residual short side, the long side, a connecting frame and a left and right adjusting oil cylinder form a deformable triangle, the long side of the profiling mechanism can move up and down through the change of the side length, and finally, the tool rest is installed on the short side by utilizing the characteristic that the long side is not beneficial to hanging heavy objects and the short side is.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the rear drive mechanism of the tool holder of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the connecting frame of the present invention mounted on the left and right moving guide rails.
In the figure: the device comprises a crawler self-propelled part 1, a tool rest 2, a driving motor 3, a connecting frame 4, a profiling mechanism 5, a left-right adjusting oil cylinder 6, a vertical adjusting oil cylinder 7, a rotary cutter head 8, a left-right moving guide rail 9, a chassis 10, a driving wheel 11, an upper driven wheel 12 and a lower driven wheel 13.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the present invention are described below clearly and completely, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-3, the self-propelled crawler type fruit tree profiling trimmer of the present invention comprises a self-propelled crawler component 1, a tool rest 2, a driving motor 3, a connecting frame 4, a profiling mechanism 5, a left-right adjusting cylinder 6, a vertical adjusting cylinder 7, a rotary cutter head 8, a left-right moving guide rail 9, a chassis 10, a driving wheel 11, an upper driven wheel 12 and a lower driven wheel 13.
The crawler self-propelled part 1 can be a walking tractor or an AGV trolley with a manual adjusting mechanism. A left-right moving guide rail 9 is arranged on the front portion of a chassis 10 of the crawler self-propelled component 1, the bottom of a connecting frame 4 is clamped on the left-right moving guide rail 9 through a sliding wheel, one end of a left-right adjusting oil cylinder 6 is arranged at one end of the chassis 10, the other end of the left-right adjusting oil cylinder is connected with the connecting frame 4, and an electromagnetic valve for controlling oil inlet or oil outlet of the oil cylinder is further arranged on the chassis 10. When the left and right adjusting oil cylinders 6 feed oil, the supporting rods of the oil cylinders extend out to push the connecting frame 4 to slide rightwards on the left and right moving guide rails 9, and when the left and right adjusting oil cylinders 6 discharge oil, the supporting rods of the oil cylinders retract to enable the connecting frame 4 to slide leftwards.
One end of the profiling mechanism 5 is hinged to the top end of the connecting rod 4, the end part of the other end of the profiling mechanism is provided with the tool rest 2, the profiling mechanism is designed to be retractable according to a quadrilateral principle, one edge of the profiling mechanism 5 is extended according to the characteristics of an orchard, the longer edge of the rest edge is slightly shorter than the longer edge of the rest edge and is hinged, one end of the up-down adjusting oil cylinder 7 is fixed on the connecting frame 4, and the other end of the up-down adjusting oil cylinder is fixed. When the up-down adjusting oil cylinder 7 takes oil, the supporting rod of the oil cylinder extends out, the long edge of the profiling mechanism 5 and a part of the connecting frame 4 form a triangular structure with variable edge length, the oil cylinder and the extending rod become the longest edge due to the continuous extension of the supporting rod of the oil cylinder, and the long edge of the profiling mechanism is lifted upwards, so that the tool rest is lifted. The situation of oil output of the oil cylinder is opposite to the situation.
The profiling mechanism 5 is of a deformable quadrilateral structure, so that fruit tree pruning in a certain angle and a certain range can be met, the fruit tree can be finished at one time only by properly adjusting the oil cylinder, the installation position of the cutter rest is not required to be adjusted in the pruning process, and the length of the rest edge is adjusted to be slightly shorter as the motor driven wheel and other devices are required to be installed at the position of the cutter rest 2.
The tool rest 2 can be an L-shaped channel steel, a base is welded at the back of the tool rest, the driving motor 3 is installed on the base, one side of the L-shaped channel steel is punched to install a bearing on the L-shaped channel steel, the driving rotating shaft is installed on the bearing, the rotating shaft of the driving motor 3 is connected with the driving rotating shaft through a coupler, a driving wheel 11 is installed on one side of the driving rotating shaft, and a rotary cutter head 8 is installed on the other side of the driving rotating shaft.
Similarly, the upper side of the second rotary cutter head is provided with an upper rotary cutter head and a third rotary cutter head, the lower side of the rotary cutter head is provided with the rotary cutter head, the other side of the second rotary cutter head is provided with an upper driven wheel 12, the upper driven wheel is connected with a driving wheel 11 through a belt, and the other side of the third rotary cutter head is provided with a lower driven wheel 13, which is connected with the driving wheel 11 through a belt.
Of course, a plurality of rotary cutter heads 8 or only 1 rotary cutter head 8 can be arranged according to the requirement.
The cross section of the connecting frame 4 is larger than the cross section of the long side of the profiling mechanism 5.
The length of the connecting frame 4 is 50-120 cm.
The distance between the rotary cutter head 8 and the rotary cutter head at the lower side is smaller than 1-2 cm.
The crawler self-propelled fruit tree profiling trimmer is also provided with a controller for receiving infrared wireless signals sent by the remote controller, and the controller is connected with the driving motor for controlling the crawler self-propelled part 1 and is used for controlling the traveling direction of the driving motor.
In addition, the invention can realize the pruning of the rattan-shaped branches and tendrils such as grapes by replacing the cutting rotary cutter head.
The crawler self-propelled fruit tree profiling trimmer is driven to a designated place through the remote control switch, the two adjusting oil cylinders are operated, the postures of the rotary cutter head 8 and the cutter frame 2 are adjusted to the trimming position, the driving motor 3 is started to enable the rotary cutter head to rotate, and trimming is started while walking.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A crawler self-propelled fruit tree profiling trimmer is characterized by comprising a crawler self-propelled part, a tool rest, a driving motor, a connecting frame, a profiling mechanism, a left-right adjusting oil cylinder, a vertical adjusting oil cylinder, a rotary cutter head, a left-right moving guide rail and a chassis;
a left-right moving guide rail is arranged on the front part of the chassis of the crawler self-walking part, the bottom of a connecting frame is clamped on the left-right moving guide rail through a sliding wheel, one end of a left-right adjusting oil cylinder is arranged at one end of the chassis, and the other end of the left-right adjusting oil cylinder is connected with the connecting frame;
one end of the profiling mechanism is hinged to the top end of the connecting rod, the end part of the other end of the profiling mechanism is provided with a knife rest, the profiling mechanism is designed to be retractable according to a quadrilateral principle, one side of the profiling mechanism is extended according to the characteristics of an orchard and is a long side, the length of the rest side is longer than that of the rest side, the sides are hinged, one end of the up-down adjusting oil cylinder is fixed on the connecting frame, and the other end of the up-down adjusting oil cylinder is fixed on the;
the tool rest is welded with a base at the back, the driving motor is installed on the base, a rotating shaft of the driving motor is connected with the driving rotating shaft through a coupler, the driving rotating shaft is installed on the tool rest through a bearing, a driving wheel is further installed on one side of the driving motor of the driving rotating shaft, and a rotary cutter head is installed on the other side of the driving rotating shaft.
2. The self-propelled tracked fruit tree profiling trimmer according to claim 1, wherein the cross section of the connecting frame is larger than the cross section of the long side of the profiling mechanism.
3. The self-propelled tracked fruit tree profiling trimmer according to claim 1, wherein the length of the connecting frame is 50-120 cm.
4. The self-propelled crawler-belt fruit tree profile modeling trimmer of claim 1, wherein the driving wheel is a belt wheel, the upper rotary cutter is further mounted on the upper side of the rotary cutter of the cutter frame, the lower rotary cutter is further mounted on the lower side of the rotary cutter, the upper driven wheel is arranged on the other side of the upper rotary cutter, the upper driven wheel is connected with the driving wheel through a belt, the lower driven wheel is arranged on the other side of the lower rotary cutter, and the lower driven wheel is connected with the driving wheel through a belt.
5. The self-propelled crawler-type fruit tree profiling trimmer of claim 4, wherein the distance between the rotary cutter head and the upper rotary cutter head is less than 1-2 cm.
6. The self-propelled tracked fruit tree copying and trimming machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein a controller is further installed on the self-propelled tracked fruit tree copying and trimming machine for receiving infrared wireless signals sent by the remote controller, and the controller is connected with the driving motor for controlling the self-propelled tracked part and controlling the traveling direction of the driving motor.
CN201911206660.4A 2019-11-29 2019-11-29 Self-propelled fruit tree profile modeling trimming machine of track Pending CN110810047A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112369241A (en) * 2020-10-21 2021-02-19 新疆农垦科学院 Jujube tree pruning cutter disc and three-dimensional layered profiling jujube tree pruning device formed by same
CN114175936A (en) * 2022-01-27 2022-03-15 新疆农垦科学院 Fruit tree profiling pruning device and fruit tree pruning machine comprising same

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112369241A (en) * 2020-10-21 2021-02-19 新疆农垦科学院 Jujube tree pruning cutter disc and three-dimensional layered profiling jujube tree pruning device formed by same
CN112369241B (en) * 2020-10-21 2023-08-22 新疆农垦科学院 Jujube tree pruning cutter head and three-dimensional layered profiling jujube tree pruning device formed by same
CN114175936A (en) * 2022-01-27 2022-03-15 新疆农垦科学院 Fruit tree profiling pruning device and fruit tree pruning machine comprising same

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