CN213996061U - Metal recovery device for construction waste treatment - Google Patents

Metal recovery device for construction waste treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213996061U
CN213996061U CN202022756484.6U CN202022756484U CN213996061U CN 213996061 U CN213996061 U CN 213996061U CN 202022756484 U CN202022756484 U CN 202022756484U CN 213996061 U CN213996061 U CN 213996061U
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bin
pushing
metal
electric push
push rod
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CN202022756484.6U
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Chinese (zh)
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韩勇
郝力亭
王政
张雯华
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Shanxi Eighth Construction Group Co Ltd
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Shanxi Eighth Construction Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a construction waste handles technical field, specifically is a metal recovery unit for construction waste handles, aims at solving the technical problem that current construction metal waste recovery handles waste time and energy. The following technical scheme is adopted: be equipped with crushed aggregates mechanism, pushing equipment, swager constructs and discharge mechanism, the metal waste that the construction produced at first smashes into tiny granule through crushed aggregates mechanism and falls to pushing equipment in the storehouse, push away the metal waste after smashing to the pressure feed box in through pushing equipment again, the metal waste in the pressure feed box is pressed into fixed shape to the clamp plate, discharge mechanism pushes out the metal waste at last and carries out follow-up collection, a whole set of structure mutually supports like this and can realize that building metal waste is by the automated processing of irregular bulk material to fixed shape, for current manual collection operation, not only the manpower has been saved greatly, and also improved building metal waste's recovery efficiency greatly.

Description

Metal recovery device for construction waste treatment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a construction waste handles technical field, specifically is a metal recovery unit for construction waste handles.
Background
The metal material for construction is one of four main types of materials (steel, cement concrete, wood, plastics) constituting the basis of civil engineering materials, including ferrous metals (metals and alloys thereof containing iron as a main component, such as nonferrous metals including iron, steel, alloy steel, etc.), nonferrous metals (metals and alloys thereof containing other metal elements as a main component, such as copper, zinc, lead, etc.), and composite materials composed of them and other materials. However, in the working process of building construction, a large amount of building metal waste is generated, and if the metal waste is not recycled, the energy consumption is increased, and the waste of resources is caused. The existing method generally collects metal garbage in a manual mode, consumes time and labor, and dust generated in the metal treatment process can also be diffused into the air to cause pollution to the working environment.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses aim at solving current building metal waste recovery processing technical problem that wastes time and energy.
The utility model provides a technical scheme that its technical problem adopted is:
a metal recovery device for building garbage disposal comprises a crushing mechanism, a material pushing mechanism, a material pressing mechanism and a discharging mechanism which are sequentially arranged according to the direction of metal; the pushing mechanism comprises a barrel-shaped pushing bin which is supported and fixed, the axis of the pushing bin is horizontally arranged, a first electric push rod is coaxially arranged in the pushing bin, a shell of the first electric push rod is fixed at the bottom of the pushing bin, the telescopic end of the first electric push rod faces to the opening of the pushing bin and is fixedly connected with a push plate, the opening of the pushing bin is hinged with a stop door which can be opened and closed, a hinged shaft is horizontally arranged at the lowest position of the edge of the opening, and the stop door is connected with a first motor which drives the stop door to rotate around the hinged shaft; the crushing mechanism comprises a collecting bin fixed right above the material pushing bin, the collecting bin is of a barrel-shaped structure, the axis of the collecting bin is vertically arranged, the upper end of the collecting bin is provided with an opening, two groups of guide plates which are vertically distributed are arranged in the collecting bin, a crushing roller is arranged between the two groups of guide plates, and the crushing roller is connected with a second motor for driving the crushing roller to rotate; a first opening is formed in the position, opposite to the crushing roller, of the bottom of the collecting bin, and a second opening is formed in the position, corresponding to the first opening, of the upper surface of the pushing bin; the pressing mechanism comprises a pressing box, the pressing box is of a cylindrical structure, the lower end of the retaining door is positioned right above the pressing box when the retaining door is driven to rotate to the lower limit position, the pressing mechanism further comprises a support frame, and a pressing plate which is positioned right above the pressing box and can move up and down is mounted on the support frame; the discharging mechanism comprises a hydraulic lifting rod and a second electric push rod, the hydraulic lifting rod is vertically arranged, the telescopic end of the hydraulic lifting rod is fixedly connected with the side wall of the material pressing box, and the second electric push rod is horizontally arranged, the telescopic end of the second electric push rod faces the side wall of the material pressing box, which is not connected with the hydraulic lifting rod.
Furthermore, the dust collection device further comprises a dust collection mechanism, the dust collection mechanism comprises a collection box and a suction fan, the collection box is fixedly arranged, the upper end of the collection box is communicated with the output end of the suction fan, a dust collection window is arranged on the side wall of the collection bin, and the dust collection window is communicated with the suction end of the suction fan in a sealing mode.
Furthermore, the device also comprises a feeding mechanism, the feeding mechanism comprises a conveying belt and a third motor for driving the conveying belt to move, and the tail end of the conveying belt is positioned right above the collecting bin.
Furthermore, the material pushing bin is of a square barrel-shaped structure, the lower surface of the material pushing bin is horizontally arranged, an installation barrel is fixed to the lower edge of an opening of the material pushing bin, a rotating shaft is fixed to the lower edge of a stop door, the rotating shaft is rotatably inserted into the installation barrel, a first gear is fixed to the rotating shaft, a second gear is fixed to an output shaft of a first motor, and the first gear is meshed with the second gear.
Furthermore, the lower end of the material pushing bin is provided with a supporting leg.
Furthermore, the material pressing box is in a square barrel shape, two side walls of the material pressing box in the direction of the first electric push rod are fixedly connected with hydraulic lifting rods, and the second electric push rod is perpendicular to one of the other two side walls of the material pressing box.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model provides a metal recovery unit for building garbage disposal, be equipped with crushed aggregates mechanism, pushing equipment, swager constructs and discharge mechanism, the metal waste that the construction produced at first smashes into tiny granule through crushed aggregates mechanism and falls to pushing the feed bin in, the metal waste after will smashing through pushing equipment pushes away to press the workbin again, the metal waste of clamp plate in with the workbin suppresses fixed shape, discharge mechanism releases metal waste at last and carries out follow-up collection, such whole set of structure is mutually supported and can be realized building metal waste by the automation treatment of irregular bulk to fixed shape, collect the operation for current manual work, not only save the manpower greatly, and also improved building metal waste's recovery efficiency greatly.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present application or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the discharging mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a partially enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 1.
In the figure:
1 ┄ pushing bin; 2 ┄ a first electric push rod; 3 ┄ push plate; 4 ┄ stop door; 5 ┄ collecting bin; 6 ┄ a baffle; 7 ┄ crushing roller; 8 ┄ pressure material box; 9 ┄ supporting frame; 10 ┄ press plates; 11 ┄ hydraulic lifting rod; 12 ┄ second electric push rod; 13 ┄ collecting box; 14 ┄ suction fan; 15 ┄ conveyor belt; 16 ┄ a third motor; 17 ┄ support legs.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present application more apparent, the present application is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present application and are not intended to limit the present application.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the metal recovery device for treating construction waste of the present invention comprises a material crushing mechanism, a material pushing mechanism, a material pressing mechanism and a material discharging mechanism, which are arranged in sequence according to the direction of metal; the pushing mechanism comprises a barrel-shaped pushing bin 1 which is supported and fixed, the axis of the pushing bin 1 is horizontally arranged, a first electric push rod 2 is coaxially arranged in the pushing bin 1, a shell of the first electric push rod 2 is fixed at the bottom of the pushing bin 1, the telescopic end of the first electric push rod 2 faces to an opening of the pushing bin 1 and is fixedly connected with a push plate 3, the opening of the pushing bin 1 is hinged with a shutter 4 which can be opened and closed, a hinged shaft is horizontally arranged at the lowest position of the edge of the opening, and the shutter 4 is connected with a first motor which drives the shutter to rotate around the hinged shaft; the crushing mechanism comprises a collecting bin 5 fixed right above the material pushing bin 1, the collecting bin 5 is of a barrel-shaped structure, the axis of the collecting bin is vertically arranged, the upper end of the collecting bin 5 is provided with an opening, two groups of guide plates 6 which are vertically distributed are arranged inside the collecting bin 5, a crushing roller 7 is arranged between the two groups of guide plates 6, and the crushing roller 7 is connected with a second motor for driving the crushing roller to rotate; a first opening is formed in the position, opposite to the crushing roller 7, of the bottom of the collecting bin 5, and a second opening is formed in the position, corresponding to the first opening, of the upper surface of the pushing bin 1; the pressing mechanism comprises a pressing box 8, the pressing box 8 is of a cylindrical structure, the lower end of the retaining door 4 is positioned right above the pressing box 8 when the retaining door is driven to rotate to the lower limit position, the pressing mechanism further comprises a supporting frame 9, a pressing plate 10 which is positioned right above the pressing box 8 and can move up and down is mounted on the supporting frame 9, and the pressing plate 10 can move up and down and can be realized by a cylinder, an electric push rod, a linear motor and other common linear driving pairs; discharge mechanism includes hydraulic lifting rod 11 and second electric putter 12, and hydraulic lifting rod 11 is vertical arranges and flexible end links firmly with the lateral wall of pressing workbin 8, and second electric putter 12 level is arranged and flexible end and is pressed the lateral wall not connected with hydraulic lifting rod 11 of workbin 8, and the flexible end of second electric putter 12 can link firmly the push pedal in order to increase promotion area during concrete implementation, reduces pressure, avoids damaging the shaping metal lump material. When the device is used, the bin gate is opened, metal waste is poured into the collection bin 5 from the top opening of the collection bin 5, the metal waste firstly enters the crushing roller 7 through the upper group of guide plates 6, is crushed by the crushing roller 7 and then falls to the lower group of guide plates 6, then sequentially falls into the material pushing bin 1 through the first opening and the second opening, the baffle gate 4 rotates to the lower limit position under the driving of the first motor, the push plate 3 moves towards the opening close to the material pushing bin 1 under the thrust action of the first electric push rod 2 to push the metal waste out of the opening, the first electric push rod 2 and the baffle gate 4 reset, the metal waste falls into the material pressing bin 8 under the drainage action of the baffle gate 4, at the moment, the pressure plate 10 is driven to fall into the material pressing bin 8 to compact the metal waste, the metal waste is formed into a fixed-shaped structure, then the pressure plate 10 resets, the material pressing bin 8 rises under the action of the hydraulic lifting rod 11 to separate from the formed metal block, the finally formed metal blocks are pushed out for subsequent collection under the action of a second electric push rod 12.
In order to solve the dust problem when metal garbage is smashed, the dust collecting device further comprises a dust collecting mechanism, the dust collecting mechanism comprises a collecting box 13 and a suction fan 14, the collecting box 13 is fixedly arranged, the upper end of the collecting box is communicated with the output end of the suction fan 14, a dust collecting window is arranged on the side wall of the collecting bin 5, and the dust collecting window is communicated with the suction end of the suction fan 14 in a sealing mode. When metal is crushed, the suction fan 14 is started, dust in the collection bin 5 is sucked into the collection bin 13 under the action of the suction fan 14, dust entering the material pushing bin 1 can be greatly reduced, and dust pollution is avoided.
In order to improve the adaptability of the device and enable the device to be suitable for the metal garbage with various discharging modes, the device further comprises a feeding mechanism, the feeding mechanism comprises a conveying belt 15 and a third motor 16 for driving the conveying belt 15 to move, and the tail end of the conveying belt 15 is positioned right above the collecting bin 5. When concrete implementation, correspond feed mechanism and set up in metal waste production department, metal waste falls to conveyer belt 15, gets into under the transport effect of conveyer belt 15 and collects 5 in the storehouse, and it is more convenient to use.
As an optimal structure of the pushing mechanism, the pushing bin 1 is of a square barrel-shaped structure, the lower surface of the pushing bin 1 is horizontally arranged, an installation cylinder is fixed on the lower edge of an opening of the pushing bin 1, a rotating shaft is fixed on the lower edge of the shutter 4, the rotating shaft is rotatably inserted into the installation cylinder, a first gear is fixed on the rotating shaft, a second gear is fixed on an output shaft of a first motor, and the first gear is meshed with the second gear. During the use, first motor rotates and drives the rotation of second gear, and first gear is followed the synchronous revolution of second gear to make the pivot rotate, finally make shutter 4 rotatory open or close. The structure has strong controllability, simple and reliable structure and convenient operation.
As an optimal supporting mode of the material pushing bin 1, the lower end of the material pushing bin 1 is provided with a supporting leg 17. When in use, the supporting legs 17 are supported on the ground to realize the supported fixation of the material pushing bin 1. In other embodiments, the pushing bin 1 may be clamped on a wall or fixed in other ways.
As a preferred arrangement mode of the discharging mechanism, the material pressing box 8 is in a square tube shape, two side walls of the material pressing box 8 in the direction of the first electric push rod 2 are fixedly connected with the hydraulic lifting rod 11, and the second electric push rod 12 is perpendicular to one of the other two side walls of the material pressing box 8. The mechanism is reasonable in arrangement, the hydraulic lifting rod 11 can lift the material pressing box 8 more stably, and structural interference cannot exist between the second electric push rod 12 and the hydraulic lifting rod 11.
The same or similar reference numerals in the drawings of the embodiments correspond to the same or similar components; in the description of the present application, it is to be understood that if there is an orientation or positional relationship indicated by the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", etc. based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, it is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but it is not intended to indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and therefore, the terms describing the positional relationship in the drawings are only for illustrative purposes and are not to be construed as limitations of the present patent, and specific meanings of the above terms may be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
The above description is only exemplary of the present application and should not be taken as limiting the present application, as any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present application should be included in the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a construction is metal recovery unit for refuse treatment which characterized in that: comprises a crushing mechanism, a material pushing mechanism, a material pressing mechanism and a discharging mechanism which are arranged in sequence according to the direction of metal; the pushing mechanism comprises a barrel-shaped pushing bin (1) which is supported and fixed, the axis of the pushing bin (1) is horizontally arranged, a first electric push rod (2) is coaxially arranged in the pushing bin (1), a shell of the first electric push rod (2) is fixed at the bottom of the pushing bin (1), the telescopic end of the first electric push rod (2) faces to an opening of the pushing bin (1) and is fixedly connected with a push plate (3), an opening of the pushing bin (1) is hinged with a shutter (4) which can be opened and closed, the hinged shaft is horizontally arranged at the lowest position of the edge of the opening, and the shutter (4) is connected with a first motor which drives the shutter to rotate around the hinged shaft; the crushing mechanism comprises a collecting bin (5) fixed right above a material pushing bin (1), the collecting bin (5) is of a barrel-shaped structure, the axis of the collecting bin is vertically arranged, the upper end of the collecting bin (5) is provided with an opening, two groups of guide plates (6) which are distributed up and down are arranged in the collecting bin (5), a crushing roller (7) is arranged between the two groups of guide plates (6), and the crushing roller (7) is connected with a second motor for driving the crushing roller to rotate; a first opening is formed in the position, right opposite to the crushing roller (7), of the bottom of the collecting bin (5), and a second opening is formed in the position, corresponding to the first opening, of the upper surface of the pushing bin (1); the pressing mechanism comprises a pressing box (8), the pressing box (8) is of a cylindrical structure, the lower end of the retaining door (4) is located right above the pressing box (8) when the retaining door is driven to rotate to the lower limit position, the pressing mechanism further comprises a supporting frame (9), and a pressing plate (10) which is located right above the pressing box (8) and can move up and down is mounted on the supporting frame (9); the discharging mechanism comprises a hydraulic lifting rod (11) and a second electric push rod (12), the hydraulic lifting rod (11) is vertically arranged, the telescopic end of the hydraulic lifting rod is fixedly connected with the side wall of the material pressing box (8), and the second electric push rod (12) is horizontally arranged, the telescopic end of the second electric push rod faces the side wall, not connected with the hydraulic lifting rod (11), of the material pressing box (8).
2. The metal recycling device for building rubbish disposal according to claim 1, wherein: still include the dust collection mechanism, the dust collection mechanism includes collecting box (13) and suction fan (14), and collecting box (13) are fixed to be set up and the output intercommunication of upper end and suction fan (14), and the lateral wall of collecting storehouse (5) is equipped with the dust absorption window, and the dust absorption window is with the sealed intercommunication of suction end of suction fan (14).
3. The construction waste disposal metal recovery device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein: the device also comprises a feeding mechanism, the feeding mechanism comprises a conveying belt (15) and a third motor (16) for driving the conveying belt (15) to move, and the tail end of the conveying belt (15) is positioned right above the collecting bin (5).
4. The metal recycling device for building rubbish disposal according to claim 3, wherein: push away feed bin (1) and arrange for square barrel column structure and lower surface level, push away feed bin (1) open-ended lower limb and be fixed with the installation section of thick bamboo, shutter (4) lower limb is fixed with the pivot, and the pivot rotates the cartridge in the installation section of thick bamboo, is fixed with first gear in the pivot, is fixed with the second gear on the output shaft of first motor, first gear and second gear meshing.
5. The metal recycling device for building rubbish disposal according to claim 4, wherein: the lower end of the material pushing bin (1) is provided with a supporting leg (17).
6. The metal recycling device for building rubbish disposal according to claim 3, wherein: the material pressing box (8) is in a square tube shape, two side walls of the material pressing box (8) in the direction of a first electric push rod (2) are fixedly connected with a hydraulic lifting rod (11), and a second electric push rod (12) is perpendicular to one of the other two side walls of the material pressing box (8).
CN202022756484.6U 2020-11-25 2020-11-25 Metal recovery device for construction waste treatment Active CN213996061U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022756484.6U CN213996061U (en) 2020-11-25 2020-11-25 Metal recovery device for construction waste treatment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202022756484.6U CN213996061U (en) 2020-11-25 2020-11-25 Metal recovery device for construction waste treatment

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CN213996061U true CN213996061U (en) 2021-08-20

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114670484A (en) * 2022-03-17 2022-06-28 井冈山北新建材有限公司 Card formula fossil fragments punching device with garbage collection function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114670484A (en) * 2022-03-17 2022-06-28 井冈山北新建材有限公司 Card formula fossil fragments punching device with garbage collection function

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