CN210187273U - Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection - Google Patents

Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210187273U
CN210187273U CN201921095233.9U CN201921095233U CN210187273U CN 210187273 U CN210187273 U CN 210187273U CN 201921095233 U CN201921095233 U CN 201921095233U CN 210187273 U CN210187273 U CN 210187273U
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China
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box
extrusion
crushing
cavity
push rod
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CN201921095233.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Yujiao Hu
胡玉娇
Congge Wen
温丛格
Man Wang
王曼
Pan Liang
梁盼
Xiaoyan Zheng
郑小燕
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Zhengzhou University of Science and Technology
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Zhengzhou University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an environment-friendly civil engineering building material recovery device in the technical field of building material treatment, which comprises a crushing box, a storage box and an extrusion box, the utility model can carry out primary crushing on building garbage through the arranged crushing box and an internal crushing roller piece thereof, can continuously carry out hammering operation on the primarily crushed building garbage through the arranged extrusion box and an internal extrusion crushing mechanism thereof, thus leading the building garbage to be further crushed, can automatically push the fully crushed building garbage out of a box body for collection through the action of two groups of push rods, push plates and baffles, can absorb and purify dust gas generated in the crushing process for discharge through an arranged waste gas purification and discharge device, avoids the problem of occupational disease caused by the suction of a large amount of workers, and realizes the treatment and recovery of the building garbage through a mechanical structure, the treatment effect is good, the treatment speed is high, time and labor are saved, and the labor is liberated.

Description

Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building material handles technical field, specifically is a civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection.
Background
In the engineering of dismantling and refitting buildings, a large amount of waste materials are discarded, wherein the proportion of wall bodies, bricks and other materials is the largest, and the materials are very good raw materials for making bricks and foundations, so that the direct discarding of the materials not only wastes resources, but also causes pollution to the environment; the building material recovery device prepares waste building materials such as walls, bricks and the like into new raw materials through processes such as crushing, metal removal and the like, effectively improves the utilization rate of resources and reduces environmental pollution.
The tradition relies on the manual work to handle abandonment building material to building rubbish, and this kind of treatment method treatment effect is not good, the processing speed is slow, waste time and energy, and the processing procedure produces more dust, and the workman inhales the dust for a long time and can lead to all kinds of occupational diseases.
Based on this, the utility model designs a civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection to solve above-mentioned problem.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection to solve the problem in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: an environment-friendly civil engineering building material recovery device comprises a crushing box, a storage box and an extrusion box, wherein the crushing box is arranged on the right side of the top end of the storage box, the extrusion box is abutted against the right wall of the storage box, the right wall of the crushing box is tightly attached to the left wall of the extrusion box, a support leg is arranged at the bottom end of the extrusion box, a feed inlet is formed in the middle of the top end of the crushing box, crushing roller parts are symmetrically arranged on the upper portion of an inner cavity of the crushing box in a left-right mode, a discharging block is arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the crushing box, a first through hole is formed in the lower portion of the right wall of the crushing box, the discharging block is abutted against the bottom end of the first through hole in a short edge, a second through hole is formed in the middle of the left wall of the extrusion box, the second through hole covers the area, the left end of the push plate is provided with a first push rod, the left end of the first push rod is fixedly connected with the left side wall of the inner cavity of the extrusion box, the right end of the first push rod is arranged on the inner side of the bottom cavity of the unloading inclined plate, a baffle is arranged in the cavity of the bottom side of the unloading inclined plate in a sliding mode, the right end of the baffle is provided with a second push rod, the right end of the second push rod is fixedly connected with the right side wall of the inner cavity of the extrusion box, a discharge port is formed in the right side of the bottom end of the extrusion box, the discharge port is located below the right side unloading inclined plate, the discharge port.
Preferably, the crushing mechanism of extrusion is including the crank pivot, inner wall rotation is connected about crank pivot both ends and the safety cover, crank pivot right-hand member runs through the safety cover and is connected with driving motor, crank pivot crank section rotates and is connected with the push rod, the push rod bottom articulates there is the connection montant, be slip through connection between connection montant and the safety cover diapire, it is connected with the briquetting to connect the montant bottom.
Preferably, a dust cover is arranged on the outer side of the driving motor, and the extrusion box is provided with heat dissipation air holes corresponding to the driving motor.
Preferably, exhaust purification discharging equipment is including air purifier, the air purifier bottom is provided with the backup pad, backup pad rigid coupling extrusion case right side wall, air purifier left side air inlet end is connected with dust absorption pipeline, the dust absorption pipeline left end runs through extrusion case lateral wall intercommunication inner chamber, the dust absorption pipeline entry end is provided with the metal mesh, be provided with the fan of bleeding in the dust absorption pipeline.
Preferably, the push plate is of an L-shaped plate structure.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the utility model discloses a broken case and inside broken roller spare that set up, can carry out preliminary breakage to building rubbish, through the extrusion case that sets up and the broken mechanism of inside extrusion, can be in succession hammer the operation to preliminary broken building rubbish, this makes building rubbish further broken, more do benefit to follow-up recycle, through two sets of push rods that set up, the effect of push pedal and baffle, can release the box with broken abundant building rubbish automatically and collect, through the exhaust-gas purification discharging equipment who sets up, can absorb the dust gas that produces among the crushing process and purify the back and discharge, avoided the workman to inhale in a large number and leaded to the problem of occupational disease, this device realizes the processing recovery to building rubbish through mechanical structure, the treatment effect is good, the processing speed is fast, time saving and labor saving, the labour has been liberated.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the crushing mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the exhaust emission control device of the present invention.
In the drawings, the components represented by the respective reference numerals are listed below:
1-crushing box, 2-storage box, 3-extrusion box, 4-support leg, 5-feed inlet, 6-crushing roller, 7-discharging block, 8-first through opening, 9-second through opening, 10-discharging inclined plate, 11-extrusion cavity, 12-push plate, 13-first push rod, 14-baffle, 15-second push rod, 16-discharging opening, 17-discharging inclined tube, 18-protective cover, 19-extrusion crushing mechanism, 20-waste gas purification and discharge device, 21-dust cover, 22-radiating air hole, 191-crank rotating shaft, 192-driving motor, 193-push rod, 194-connecting vertical rod, 195-press block, 201-supporting plate, 202-air purifier, 203-dust-absorbing pipeline, 204-metal mesh, 205-suction fan.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present invention provides a technical solution: an environment-friendly civil engineering building material recovery device comprises a crushing box 1, a storage box 2 and an extrusion box 3, wherein the crushing box 1 is arranged on the right side of the top end of the storage box 2, the extrusion box 3 is abutted against the right wall of the storage box 2, the right wall of the crushing box 1 is tightly attached to the left side wall of the extrusion box 3, a support leg 4 is arranged at the bottom end of the extrusion box 3, a feed inlet 5 is formed in the middle of the top end of the crushing box 1, crushing roller pieces 6 are symmetrically arranged on the upper portion of an inner cavity of the crushing box 1 in a bilateral mode, a discharging piece 7 is arranged at the bottom of the inner cavity of the crushing box 1, a first through hole 8 is formed in the lower portion of the right side wall of the crushing box 1, the short side of the discharging piece 7 is abutted against the bottom end of the first through hole 8, a second through hole 9 is formed in the middle of, left side swash plate 10 bottom side cavity of unloading slides and is provided with push pedal 12, the 12 left ends of push pedal are provided with first push rod 13, the 3 inner chamber left side walls of extrusion case of first push rod 13 left end fixed connection, the slide is provided with baffle 14 in the 10 bottom side cavity of right side swash plate 10 of unloading, baffle 14 right-hand member is provided with second push rod 15, the 15 right-hand member rigid coupling extrusion case 3 inner chamber right side walls of second push rod, discharge gate 16 has been seted up on 3 bottom right sides of extrusion case, discharge gate 16 is located the right side swash plate 10 below of unloading, the 16 downside of discharge gate is provided with ejection of compact pipe 17, 3 roof bottom middle parts of extrusion case are fixed and are provided with safety cover 18, be provided with extrusion crushing.
Further, the extrusion crushing mechanism 19 comprises a crank rotating shaft 191, the two ends of the crank rotating shaft 191 are rotatably connected with the left inner wall and the right inner wall of the protective cover 18, the right end of the crank rotating shaft 191 penetrates through the protective cover 18 and is connected with a driving motor 192, the crank section of the crank rotating shaft 191 is rotatably connected with a push rod 193, the bottom end of the push rod 193 is hinged with a connecting vertical rod 194, the connecting vertical rod 194 and the bottom wall of the protective cover 18 are connected in a sliding penetrating mode, and the bottom end of.
Furthermore, a dust cover 21 is disposed outside the driving motor 192, and a heat dissipation air hole 22 is disposed at a position of the squeeze box 3 corresponding to the driving motor 192.
Further, exhaust purification discharging equipment 20 is including air purifier 202, and air purifier 202 bottom is provided with backup pad 201, backup pad 201 rigid coupling extrusion case 3 right side wall, and air purifier 202 left side air inlet end is connected with dust absorption pipeline 203, and dust absorption pipeline 203 left end runs through extrusion case 3 lateral wall intercommunication inner chamber, and dust absorption pipeline 203 entry end is provided with metal mesh 204, is provided with extraction fan 205 in the dust absorption pipeline 203.
Further, the push plate 12 has an L-shaped plate structure.
One specific application of this embodiment is: this device is the civil engineering building material recovery unit of an environmental protection, and electrical part all passes through external control switch and external power electric connection in this device, and crushing roller 6 is common broken structure in the scheme, should understand that crushing roller 6 should contain the driver part, because it is common technique, does not describe again in the article about its rotation direction rotational speed etc.. The use principle of the device is as follows:
the storage box 2 can be used for storing construction waste to be treated, when the garbage bin is used, the garbage in the storage box 2 is shoveled out, a proper amount of garbage is poured into the crushing box 1 through the feeding hole 5, the garbage is crushed by the crushing roller 6 after entering the box body and then falls onto the discharging block 7, and then under the guiding action of the discharging block 7, the primarily crushed garbage enters the extrusion box 3 through the first through hole 8 and the second through hole 9, slides along the discharging inclined plate 10 and falls into the extrusion cavity 11 (at this time, the push plate 12 and the baffle plate 14 are positioned at the bottom end of the short edge of the discharging inclined plate 10, so that the garbage is positioned below the pressing block 11);
then driving motor 192 starts, drives crank pivot 191 rotatory, and crank pivot 191 drives the push rod 193 reciprocating motion from top to bottom of rotating the connection, and then push rod 193 effect connection montant 194, drives and connects montant 194 up-and-down motion, and is final under the effect of self gravity and promotion member, and then realizes the hammering effect of briquetting 195, and briquetting 195 hammering makes the construction waste further broken abundant.
After a period of time, the construction waste is sufficiently crushed, at the moment, the driving motor 192 stops, the pressing block 195 is positioned at a high position, at the moment, the first push rod 13 starts to extend, the push plate 12 is pushed to move rightwards, meanwhile, the second push rod 15 starts to shorten, the baffle 14 is driven to move rightwards, the waste is pushed to move rightwards under the action of the push plate 12, the baffle 14 moves rightwards to expose the discharge hole 16, and the waste is finally discharged through the discharge inclined pipe 17; wherein baffle 12 is the L template, can avoid the remaining rubbish in upper portion to fall into first push rod 13 and place the intracavity.
In the using process of the device, the suction fan 205 is kept started, dust gas generated in the crushing process is sucked into the air purifier 202, and the dust gas is purified and then discharged.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention disclosed above are intended only to help illustrate the present invention. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical applications, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best understand the invention for and utilize the invention. The present invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection, including broken case (1), bin (2) and extrusion case (3), its characterized in that: the crushing box (1) is arranged on the right side of the top end of the storage box (2), the extrusion box (3) is abutted to the right wall of the storage box (2), the crushing box (1) is tightly attached to the right wall of the extrusion box (3), the bottom end of the extrusion box (3) is provided with the supporting leg (4), the middle part of the top end of the crushing box (1) is provided with the feeding port (5), the upper part of the inner cavity of the crushing box (1) is bilaterally symmetrically provided with the crushing roller (6), the bottom of the inner cavity of the crushing box (1) is provided with the unloading block (7), the lower part of the right side wall of the crushing box (1) is provided with the first through port (8), the short edge of the unloading block (7) is abutted to the bottom end of the first through port (8), the middle part of the left side wall of the extrusion box (3) is provided with the second through port (9), the area where the first through port (8, an extrusion cavity (11) is arranged between the two groups of discharging inclined plates (10), a push plate (12) is arranged in a cavity at the bottom side of the discharging inclined plates (10) on the left side in a sliding manner, a first push rod (13) is arranged at the left end of the push plate (12), the left end of the first push rod (13) is fixedly connected with the left side wall of the inner cavity of the extrusion box (3), a baffle (14) is arranged in the cavity at the bottom side of the discharging inclined plates (10) on the right side in a sliding manner, a second push rod (15) is arranged at the right end of the baffle (14), the right end of the second push rod (15) is fixedly connected with the right side wall of the inner cavity of the extrusion box (3), a discharge port (16) is formed in the right side of the bottom end of the extrusion box (3), the discharge port (16) is positioned below the discharging, be provided with extrusion crushing mechanism (19) in safety cover (18), extrusion case (3) right side wall middle part is provided with exhaust purification discharging equipment (20).
2. An environment-friendly civil engineering and construction material recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: crushing mechanism (19) are including crank pivot (191), inner wall rotation is connected about crank pivot (191) both ends and safety cover (18), crank pivot (191) right-hand member runs through safety cover (18) and is connected with driving motor (192), crank pivot (191) crank section rotation is connected with push rod (193), push rod (193) bottom articulates there is connection montant (194), be the slip through connection between connection montant (194) and safety cover (18) diapire, it is connected with briquetting (195) to connect montant (193) bottom.
3. An environment-friendly civil engineering and construction material recycling apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: the outer side of the driving motor (192) is provided with a dust cover (21), and the position of the extrusion box (3) corresponding to the driving motor (192) is provided with a heat dissipation air hole (22).
4. An environment-friendly civil engineering and construction material recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: exhaust purification discharging equipment (20) is including air purifier (202), air purifier (202) bottom is provided with backup pad (201), backup pad (201) rigid coupling extrusion case (3) right side wall, air purifier (202) left side inlet end is connected with dust absorption pipeline (203), dust absorption pipeline (203) left end runs through extrusion case (3) lateral wall intercommunication inner chamber, dust absorption pipeline (203) entry end is provided with metal mesh (204), be provided with aspirating fan (205) in dust absorption pipeline (203).
5. An environment-friendly civil engineering and construction material recycling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the push plate (12) is of an L-shaped plate-shaped structure.
CN201921095233.9U 2019-07-14 2019-07-14 Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection Active CN210187273U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921095233.9U CN210187273U (en) 2019-07-14 2019-07-14 Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921095233.9U CN210187273U (en) 2019-07-14 2019-07-14 Civil engineering building material recovery unit of environmental protection

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210187273U true CN210187273U (en) 2020-03-27

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111298876A (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-06-19 刘玲玲 Limestone pulverizing, crushing, grinding and dispersing system
CN111482232A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-08-04 中青建安建设集团有限公司 Broken recovery unit of building waste brick
CN112122302A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-12-25 王占石 Garbage disposal device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111298876A (en) * 2020-04-01 2020-06-19 刘玲玲 Limestone pulverizing, crushing, grinding and dispersing system
CN111482232A (en) * 2020-04-24 2020-08-04 中青建安建设集团有限公司 Broken recovery unit of building waste brick
CN112122302A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-12-25 王占石 Garbage disposal device

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