CN213137201U - Monomer building block cutting forming device - Google Patents

Monomer building block cutting forming device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN213137201U
CN213137201U CN202021271616.XU CN202021271616U CN213137201U CN 213137201 U CN213137201 U CN 213137201U CN 202021271616 U CN202021271616 U CN 202021271616U CN 213137201 U CN213137201 U CN 213137201U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
frame
transverse
vertical
vertical cutting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202021271616.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙明生
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN202021271616.XU priority Critical patent/CN213137201U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN213137201U publication Critical patent/CN213137201U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Landscapes

  • Devices For Post-Treatments, Processing, Supply, Discharge, And Other Processes (AREA)

Abstract

A monomer building block cutting forming device, said method comprises pouring the slurry into the mould frame, the whole building block after the initial curing is stereotyped is cut into the monomer in the mould frame directly; the device comprises a die frame, an ejection mechanism, a lifting mechanism, a vertical cutting mechanism and a transverse cutting mechanism, wherein a movable push plate is arranged at the bottom of the die frame, and the ejection mechanism is arranged below the die frame; the lifting mechanism is arranged above the vertical cutting mechanism and is connected with the vertical cutting mechanism; the vertical cutting mechanism comprises a vertical cutting frame, and the bottom of the vertical cutting frame is connected with a length cutter and/or a width cutter; the transverse cutting mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame, a transverse cutting tool is connected to the transverse cutting frame, and the transverse cutting frame is arranged on the traveling guide rail and connected with the transverse moving mechanism. The utility model discloses a when the ground paste in the framed tentatively stereotypes not hardening can cut, directly cut into the monomer in the framed of former station, rather than shift out the framed cutting at other stations, can not produce the dust, improved the grey effect of hanging of cutting plane, reduced manufacturing cost.

Description

Monomer building block cutting forming device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a be used for building block production in-process to cut into monomeric device with whole building block belongs to building block production technical field.
Background
The building blocks for building non-bearing walls in buildings are various, and are divided into the building blocks such as concrete, cement mortar, aerated concrete, fly ash silicate, coal gangue, artificial ceramsite, slag waste and the like according to the materials, and are divided into dense and hollow blocks according to the structural structure. No matter what kind of material or the building block of structure, present production process all is earlier the ground paste pouring shaping in the framed, takes out or takes off framed with fashioned whole building block again, cuts into the monomer building block that accords with the specification requirement of size. And the subsequent steam curing is required for some, such as aerated building blocks.
The aerated building block is a light heat-insulating material containing a large number of closed air holes, and is a porous silicate product prepared by using siliceous materials (sand, fly ash, silicon-containing tailings and the like) and calcareous materials (lime, cement) as main raw materials, adding an air forming agent (aluminum powder), adding water, stirring, forming pores through chemical reaction, and performing casting molding, precuring cutting, autoclaved curing and other processes. The composite board has the characteristics of light weight, good heat insulation performance, low heat conductivity coefficient, strong shock resistance, good processability, good sound insulation performance, strong pressure resistance and the like, so that the composite board is widely applied.
The concrete preparation process of the aerated building block comprises the steps of crushing and mixing various components according to the proportion to prepare slurry, wherein the slurry can reach the process requirement of about 45 ℃ before pouring, if the temperature is not enough, steam can be introduced into a slurry metering tank for heating, and the aluminum powder suspension is added 0.5-1 minute before pouring. And pouring the slurry into a mold, pushing the mold into a primary curing chamber for gas generation and primary setting, wherein the room temperature is 48-68 ℃, the primary curing time is 1.5-2 hours, and static oxygen foaming and curing. After initial curing, the die frame and the blank are hung on a cutting table with a pre-placed kettle bottom plate, the die frame is removed, the cutting machine carries out transverse cutting, longitudinal cutting and face milling head on the blank, the die frame is hung back to a die carrier to be manually cleaned and degreased, and then the die frame is hung on the die carrier to be assembled into a die for next pouring. The cut blank body and the kettle bottom plate are hung on a kettle vehicle and transported to a still kettle to be cured under the steam action of certain pressure and temperature, wherein the pressure is generally 1Mpa-1.3Mpa, and the temperature is generally 180 plus 210 ℃.
In the process of the aerated building block technology, the mold frame is moved on the cutting table from the initial position, and after the mold frame is removed, transverse cutting, longitudinal cutting and face milling head (end part) are carried out, so that the single aerated brick which finally meets the requirements and specifications can be formed.
At present, although building block cutting devices with various structures exist, cutting is carried out after a mold frame is removed, and primary curing and cutting are finished at different stations, for example, a cutting device in a hollow aerated brick molding production line disclosed in CN104325552A, so that not only are a plurality of green body transferring procedures required, a large amount of manpower and material resources are consumed, the cost is high, but also the transverse cutting and the longitudinal cutting are smooth, ash is not easy to hang when a wall body is plastered at the later stage of building, and the adhesion is poor.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses to the not enough of cutting technique existence in the current building block production process, provide a design and cut accomplish, reduce manufacturing cost's monomer building block cutting forming device at same station.
The utility model discloses a monomer building block cutting forming device adopts following technical scheme:
the device comprises a die frame, an ejection mechanism, a lifting mechanism, a vertical cutting mechanism and a transverse cutting mechanism, wherein a movable push plate is arranged at the bottom of the die frame, and the ejection mechanism is arranged below the die frame; the lifting mechanism is arranged above the vertical cutting mechanism and is connected with the vertical cutting mechanism; the vertical cutting mechanism comprises a vertical cutting frame, and the bottom of the vertical cutting frame is connected with a length cutter and/or a width cutter; the transverse cutting mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame, a transverse cutting tool is connected to the transverse cutting frame, and the transverse cutting frame is arranged on the traveling guide rail and connected with the transverse moving mechanism.
The ejection mechanism and the lifting mechanism both adopt hydraulic cylinders or electric cylinders.
A guide device is arranged between the vertical cutting frame and the die frame, the guide device can be that a guide wheel is arranged on the vertical cutting frame, and a guide block corresponding to the guide wheel is arranged on the outer side of the die frame.
The cutting tool is a thread rope. The rope is connected with a tensioning mechanism, and the tensioning mechanism is arranged on the vertical cutting frame. The tensioning mechanism can be a worm gear and worm mechanism, one end of the rope is fixed, the other end of the rope is wound on a worm gear shaft, and the worm drives the worm gear to rotate, so that the rope is tensioned and self-locked.
The cutter may also be a cutting plate.
The transverse moving mechanism adopts a gear and rack mechanism, a gear is installed on a motor shaft, a motor is fixedly installed on the transverse cutting frame, a rack is fixedly installed on the traveling guide rail, and the gear is meshed with the rack.
Initially, the vertical cutting mechanism is placed in a mold frame and the cutting tool is attached to a movable push plate at the bottom of the mold frame. After slurry is injected into the mold frame for primary shaping (similar to bean curd shape), the lifting mechanism drives the vertical cutting mechanism to lift upwards, so that the primary shaped integral building block is firstly cut, and the length and the width meet the specification requirement. Then the ejection mechanism ejects upwards the bottom plate in the die frame, the first-time segmented building blocks are ejected upwards, and then the transverse cutting mechanism performs high transverse cutting, so that the single building blocks with the length, width and height meeting the requirements are cut.
The utility model discloses a when the ground paste in the framed tentatively stereotypes not hardening can the cutting, directly cuts into the monomer in the framed of former station, rather than shifting out the framed cutting at other stations, whole cutting process only need carry the drawing cutting tool, and cutting tool self need not power, can not produce the dust, has improved the ash effect of hanging of cutting plane simultaneously, has reduced manufacturing cost.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a general structure schematic diagram of the single block cutting and forming device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the middle movable push plate of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the middle vertical cutting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the middle transverse cutting mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a die frame, 2 parts of an ejection mechanism, 3 parts of a lifting mechanism, 4 parts of a vertical cutting mechanism, 5 parts of a transverse cutting mechanism, 6 parts of a bottom plate, 7 parts of a traveling guide rail, 8 parts of a hole, 9 parts of a width cord, 10 parts of a cutting plate, 11 parts of a guide seat, 12 parts of a lug, 13 parts of a push hole, 14 parts of a vertical cutting frame, 15 parts of a guide wheel, 16 parts of a pull rod, 17 parts of a rack, 18 parts of a gear, 19 parts of a portal frame, 20 parts of a motor and 21 parts of a transverse cutting cord.
Detailed Description
As fig. 1, the utility model provides a monomer building block cutting forming device, including framed 1, ejection mechanism 2, carry and draw mechanism 3, erect and cut mechanism 4 and violently cut mechanism 5, can adopt framed 1 of any current structure, be provided with movable push pedal 6 in framed 1's bottom, if framed 1's bottom surface is provided with the lug 12 that makes the building block produce the hole, also have correspondingly on the push pedal 6 of so activity and distribute unanimous hole 8 with lug cross sectional shape and distribution, as shown in fig. 2 to guarantee that movable push pedal 6 reciprocates unaffected. And a push hole 13 is provided on the bottom surface of the mold frame 1 so that the ejector mechanism 2 can be brought into contact with the movable push plate 6.
The ejection mechanism 2 is arranged below the mold frame 1, adopts a hydraulic cylinder or an electric cylinder, can be fixedly arranged in a pit below the mold frame 1, has a piston rod aligned with the push hole 13, and pushes the movable push plate 6 to move upwards in the mold frame 1 after extending out. The lifting mechanism 3 is a hydraulic cylinder or an electric cylinder, is fixedly arranged above the vertical cutting mechanism 4 through a support, and a piston rod of the lifting mechanism is connected with the vertical cutting mechanism 4 to drive the vertical cutting mechanism 4 to extend into the mold frame 1 or lift the vertical cutting mechanism 4 upwards.
As shown in fig. 3, the vertical cutting mechanism 4 includes a vertical cutting frame 14, symmetrical pull rods 16 are distributed at two sides of the bottom of the vertical cutting frame 14 along the length direction, the center distance between adjacent pull rods 16 at each side is consistent with the width of a single block, and a width cord 9 is connected between the pull rods 16 corresponding to the two sides of the length for cutting the width of the block. Symmetrical pull rods can also be distributed at the bottom of the vertical cutting frame 14 along the two sides of the width direction, and length ropes are connected between the corresponding pull rods and used for cutting the length of the building block. In fig. 3, a cutting plate 10 is arranged between two sides of the bottom of a vertical cutting frame 14 in the width direction, and slurry in a module is separated according to the length of a single block through the cutting plate 10.
In addition, the outer side of the vertical cutting frame 14 is also provided with a guide mechanism, two groups are arranged on each side, guide wheels 15 are arranged on the guide seat 11, each guide wheel 15 is positioned in a guide groove on the outer side of the die frame 1, and the guide during lifting of the vertical cutting frame 14 is realized through the matching of the guide wheels 15 and the guide grooves.
The transverse cutting mechanism 5 is arranged on one side of the mold frame 1, and as shown in fig. 4, the structure of the transverse cutting mechanism comprises a portal frame 19, the portal frame 19 is arranged on the traveling guide rails 7, two rows of the traveling guide rails 7 are positioned on the outer side of the mold frame 1, the upper part of the portal frame 19 is connected with transverse cutting ropes 21, and the distance between every two adjacent transverse cutting ropes 21 is the height of a single block. The lower part of the portal frame 19 is provided with a traveling mechanism which is composed of a motor 20, a rack 17 and a gear 18, the motor 15 is fixedly arranged on the portal frame 19, the gear 18 is arranged on a main shaft of the motor 20, and the rack 17 is connected to the traveling guide rail 7 on one side or fixed on a foundation between two rows of the traveling guide rails 7.
In order to maintain the tension state of the width cord 9, the cords at various positions may be connected to a tension mechanism (not shown) provided on the vertical cutting frame 14. The tensioning mechanism can be a worm gear and worm mechanism, one end of the rope is fixed, the other end of the rope is wound on a worm gear shaft, and the worm drives the worm gear to rotate, so that the rope is tensioned and self-locked.
The operation process of the device is as follows:
before slurry is poured, pull rods 16 on two sides of a vertical cutting frame 14, a width cord 9 between the pull rods 16 and a cutting plate 10 are arranged in a mold frame 1, and the cord is attached to the bottom surface of a movable push plate 6 and is in a tensioning state.
After the mold frame 1 is injected with the material slurry for preliminary shaping (similar to bean curd shape), and is not hardened yet but can be cut by the thread rope, the lifting mechanism 3 drives the vertical cutting frame 14 to lift upwards, the width thread rope 9 and the cutting plate 10 are lifted out of the mold frame 1, so that the whole building block in the mold frame 1 is divided, and the length and the width meet the specification requirements.
And then the ejection mechanism 2 is started to push the movable push plate 6 in the die frame 1 upwards, the movable push plate 6 ejects the first divided building block upwards, and the ejection height is determined according to the height of the single building block and the height of the transverse cutting wire rope 21 in the transverse cutting mechanism 5. The motor 20 is started, the portal frame 19 and the transverse cutting rope 21 move through gear and rack transmission, the transverse cutting rope 21 transversely cuts the raised building blocks after penetrating through the frame body 1, and the building blocks are cut according to the required height, so that the single building blocks with the length, the width and the height meeting the requirements are cut.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a monomer building block cutting forming device which characterized by: the cutting device comprises a die frame, an ejection mechanism, a lifting mechanism, a vertical cutting mechanism and a transverse cutting mechanism, wherein a movable push plate is arranged at the bottom of the die frame, and the ejection mechanism is arranged below the die frame; the lifting mechanism is arranged above the vertical cutting mechanism and is connected with the vertical cutting mechanism; the vertical cutting mechanism comprises a vertical cutting frame, and the bottom of the vertical cutting frame is connected with a length cutter and/or a width cutter; the transverse cutting mechanism comprises a transverse cutting frame, a transverse cutting tool is connected to the transverse cutting frame, and the transverse cutting frame is arranged on the traveling guide rail and connected with the transverse moving mechanism.
2. The apparatus for cutting and forming a monolithic block as defined in claim 1, wherein: the ejection mechanism and the lifting mechanism both adopt hydraulic cylinders or electric cylinders.
3. The apparatus for cutting and forming a monolithic block as defined in claim 1, wherein: a guide device is arranged between the vertical cutting frame and the die frame, the guide device is characterized in that a guide rod is arranged on the vertical cutting frame, and a guide groove corresponding to the guide rod is arranged on the inner wall of the die frame.
4. The apparatus for cutting and forming a monolithic block as defined in claim 1, wherein: the cutting tool is a thread rope.
5. The apparatus for cutting and forming a monolithic block as defined in claim 4, wherein: the rope is connected with a tensioning mechanism, and the tensioning mechanism is arranged on the vertical cutting frame.
6. The apparatus for cutting and forming a monolithic block as defined in claim 5, wherein: the tensioning mechanism is a worm gear mechanism, one end of a rope is fixed, and the other end of the rope is wound on a worm gear shaft.
CN202021271616.XU 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Monomer building block cutting forming device Active CN213137201U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021271616.XU CN213137201U (en) 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Monomer building block cutting forming device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021271616.XU CN213137201U (en) 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Monomer building block cutting forming device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213137201U true CN213137201U (en) 2021-05-07

Family

ID=75730318

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021271616.XU Active CN213137201U (en) 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Monomer building block cutting forming device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213137201U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN1657251A (en) Automatic shaping method and equipment for load-bearing hollow brick
CN107283615B (en) Steel drill plug process line for aerated concrete
CN207206694U (en) Building materials are molded moulding box
CN211104585U (en) Forming equipment of imitative stone material type curb of cement base
CN107162630A (en) High-performance foam concrete self-insulating brick and its production technology and device
CN207415642U (en) A kind of lightweight wall plate molding machine
CN213137201U (en) Monomer building block cutting forming device
CN109133889A (en) A kind of moulding process of spontaneous glaze ceramic bottle
CN213055306U (en) Integral building block cutting device
CN111716504A (en) Method and device for forming building blocks by single body
CN111688000A (en) Forming and cutting method and device for perforated building blocks
CN108162137B (en) Method and device for producing core-pulling hollow slab under vertical mold
CN113211602B (en) Autoclaved aerated concrete block manufacturing equipment and manufacturing process thereof
CN213055307U (en) Building block cutting and hole forming integrated device
CN114800846A (en) Preparation method of ultra-wide ALC (alcohol-ceramic) board
CN211104590U (en) Forming equipment is used in aerated concrete block production
CN117124430B (en) Prefabricated equipment is used in processing of haydite concrete prefabricated wallboard
CN111152341A (en) One-mold multi-block prefabricated staircase mold
CN202292996U (en) Die for manufacturing combined cavity member by using machine
CN112606180B (en) Preparation process of heat-insulating wall for passive house
CN211415575U (en) Forming device is used in production of hollow aerated brick
CN2080450U (en) Hydraulic moulding machine for making hollow brick by semidry method
CN219095434U (en) Novel PC component die
CN212445682U (en) Quick forming device of compound air entrainment brick
CN216831481U (en) Dry method gypsum block production mould

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant