CN111688000A - Forming and cutting method and device for perforated building blocks - Google Patents

Forming and cutting method and device for perforated building blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN111688000A
CN111688000A CN202010625367.8A CN202010625367A CN111688000A CN 111688000 A CN111688000 A CN 111688000A CN 202010625367 A CN202010625367 A CN 202010625367A CN 111688000 A CN111688000 A CN 111688000A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
forming
frame
blocks
lifting
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Pending
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CN202010625367.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙明生
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202010625367.8A priority Critical patent/CN111688000A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/16Moulds for making shaped articles with cavities or holes open to the surface, e.g. with blind holes
    • B28B7/18Moulds for making shaped articles with cavities or holes open to the surface, e.g. with blind holes the holes passing completely through the article
    • B28B7/183Moulds for making shaped articles with cavities or holes open to the surface, e.g. with blind holes the holes passing completely through the article for building blocks or similar block-shaped objects
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/10Moulds with means incorporated therein, or carried thereby, for ejecting or detaching the moulded article
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B7/00Moulds; Cores; Mandrels
    • B28B7/14Moulds with means incorporated therein, or carried thereby, for cutting the moulded article into parts

Abstract

The forming and cutting method and device for the perforated building block comprise the following steps: and distributing hole forming blocks in the mold frame, pouring slurry into the mold frame, after initial setting, lifting the hole forming blocks out of the mold frame and cutting the whole building blocks in the mold frame. The integral block cutting specifically comprises the following steps: and cutting according to the length and the width of the single building block in the mold frame to realize the division of the length and the width. The blocks can then be pushed out upwards from the bottom of the mould frame and cut transversely according to the height. The device comprises a die frame, a lifting mechanism and a forming and cutting mechanism, wherein the lifting mechanism is arranged above the forming and cutting mechanism and is connected with the forming and cutting mechanism; the forming and cutting mechanism comprises a lifting frame, and hole forming blocks and cutters extending into the die frame are distributed at the bottom of the lifting frame. When the slurry in the die frame is initially shaped and can not be cut before being hardened, the cavity is formed during cutting, only the cutter needs to be lifted in the whole cutting process, power is not needed for the cutter, and dust is not generated.

Description

Forming and cutting method and device for perforated building blocks
Technical Field
The invention relates to a method and a device for forming a single block in the production process of the block, belonging to the technical field of production of building blocks for buildings.
Background
The building blocks for building non-bearing walls in buildings are various, and are divided into the building blocks such as concrete, cement mortar, aerated concrete, fly ash silicate, coal gangue, artificial ceramsite, slag waste and the like according to the materials, and are divided into dense and hollow blocks according to the structural structure. No matter what kind of material or the building block of structure, present production process all is earlier the ground paste pouring shaping in the framed, takes out or takes off framed with fashioned whole building block again, cuts into the monomer building block that accords with the specification requirement of size.
Some blocks are heat-insulating composite blocks, and holes are arranged in the single blocks, and are filled with heat-insulating materials as shown in figure 1. The forming process of the hole is as follows: before the slurry is poured into the mould frame, a forming block with the shape and the position consistent with the cross section shape and the position of the hole is firstly placed into the mould frame, then the slurry is poured into the mould frame, the slurry is initially cured, and the forming block is pulled out after the slurry is initially set.
At present, although building block cutting devices with various structures exist, the building block cutting devices are used for cutting after hole forming and mold frame stripping are carried out, and forming, initial curing and cutting are finished at different stations, for example, a cutting device in 'a hollow aerated brick forming production line' disclosed by CN104325552A, so that not only are a plurality of blank transferring procedures consumed, a large amount of manpower and material resources are consumed, the cost is high, but also the transverse cutting and longitudinal cutting surfaces are smooth, ash is not easy to hang when a wall body is plastered at the later stage of building, and the adhesion is not good.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the existing aerated brick production technology, the invention provides a forming and cutting method of a perforated building block and a forming and cutting device thereof, wherein the forming and cutting are finished at the same station, and the manufacturing cost is reduced.
The invention relates to a forming and cutting method of a perforated building block, which comprises the following steps: and distributing hole forming blocks in the mold frame, pouring slurry into the mold frame, after initial setting, lifting the hole forming blocks out of the mold frame and cutting the whole building blocks in the mold frame.
The integral block cutting specifically comprises the following steps: and cutting according to the length and the width of the single building block in the mold frame to realize the division of the length and the width. The blocks can then be pushed out upwards from the bottom of the mould frame and cut transversely according to the height.
And the length and width cutting is to distribute the cutting tools at the bottom of the die frame according to the length and width of the monomer building blocks before slurry pouring, and to pull the cutting tools out of the die frame to realize the length and width division. The cutting tool is a cotton rope, fine ripples appear on a cutting surface and become rough due to the fact that the cutting tool is pulled and pulled through the cotton rope, the effect of hanging ash when a wall body is plastered is very facilitated, and the adhesion is improved.
The device for realizing the method adopts the following technical scheme:
the device comprises a die frame, a lifting mechanism and a forming and cutting mechanism, wherein the lifting mechanism is arranged above the forming and cutting mechanism and is connected with the forming and cutting mechanism; the forming and cutting mechanism comprises a lifting frame, and hole forming blocks and cutters extending into the die frame are distributed at the bottom of the lifting frame. The cross section shape and size of the hole forming block are consistent with those of the hole in the building block. If a plurality of holes are formed, a plurality of forming blocks are correspondingly formed, one forming block corresponds to one hole, and the relative position of each forming block is consistent with that of each hole.
The lifting mechanisms are hydraulic cylinders or electric cylinders.
A guide device is arranged between the lifting frame and the die frame, the guide device can be that a guide wheel is arranged on the lifting frame, and a guide block corresponding to the guide wheel is arranged on the outer side of the die frame.
The cutting tool is a thread rope. The rope is connected with the tensioning mechanism, and the tensioning mechanism is arranged on the lifting frame. The tensioning mechanism can be a worm gear and worm mechanism, one end of the rope is fixed, the other end of the rope is wound on a worm gear shaft, and the worm drives the worm gear to rotate, so that the rope is tensioned and self-locked.
The cutter may also be a cutting plate.
A movable push plate is arranged in the mold frame, and an ejection mechanism is arranged below the mold frame. The ejection mechanism pushes the movable push plate to push the cut building block out of the mold frame.
Initially, the form cutting mechanism is placed in a mold frame and the hole forming block and the cutter are attached to a bottom plate of the mold frame. After slurry is injected into the mold frame for preliminary shaping (similar to bean curd shape), the lifting mechanism drives the shaping cutting mechanism to lift upwards, so that the whole building block for preliminary shaping is divided, and the length and the width meet the specification requirement.
When the slurry in the die frame is initially shaped and can be cut before being hardened, the slurry is directly cut into monomers in the die frame of the original station, and cavities are formed during cutting instead of being moved out of the die frame to be cut at other stations.
When the slurry in the die frame is initially shaped and can be cut before being hardened, the slurry is directly cut in the die frame of the original station and a cavity is formed instead of being removed from the die frame to be cut in other stations, the cutter does not need power, dust is not generated, the ash hanging effect of a cutting surface is improved, and the production cost is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a perforated block.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of an integrated device for cutting and forming cavities of the building block.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the form cutting mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a die frame, 2 parts of an ejection mechanism, 3 parts of a lifting mechanism, 4 parts of a forming and cutting mechanism, 5 parts of a transverse cutting mechanism, 6 parts of a bottom plate, 7 parts of a travelling guide rail, 8 parts of a connecting beam, 9 parts of a width cord, 10 parts of a cutting plate, 11 parts of a guide seat, 12 parts of a hole forming block, 13 parts of a push hole, 14 parts of a lifting frame, 15 parts of a guide wheel and 16 parts of a pull rod.
Detailed Description
As shown in figure 2, the forming and cutting device for the perforated building block comprises a mould frame 1, a lifting mechanism 3 and a forming and cutting mechanism 4, the mould frame 1 with any existing structure can be adopted, and the device can be an open-close type or a box body with an upper opening.
If high cutting is required, a movable push plate 6 is arranged at the bottom of the die frame 1, and an ejection mechanism 2 is required to be arranged below the die frame 1. And a push hole 13 is provided on the bottom surface of the mold frame 1 so that the ejector mechanism 2 can be brought into contact with the movable push plate 6. The ejection mechanism 2 is arranged below the mold frame 1, adopts a hydraulic cylinder or an electric cylinder, can be fixedly arranged in a pit below the mold frame 1, has a piston rod aligned with the push hole 13, and pushes the movable push plate 6 to move upwards in the mold frame 1 after extending out, so that the building block can be pushed out of the mold frame 1. The transverse cutting mechanism 5 arranged on the guide rail 7 at the outer side of the die frame 1 carries out transverse cutting, and the transverse cutting mechanism 5 can move along the guide rail 7 to complete the transverse cutting by adopting the prior art.
The lifting mechanism 3 is a hydraulic cylinder or an electric cylinder, is fixedly arranged above the forming and cutting mechanism 4 through a support, and a piston rod of the lifting mechanism is connected with the forming and cutting mechanism 4 to drive the forming and cutting mechanism 4 to extend into the die frame 1 or lift the forming and cutting mechanism 4 upwards.
As shown in fig. 3, the forming and cutting mechanism 4 includes a lifting frame 14, the lifting frame 14 is fixedly connected with hole forming blocks 12 through a connecting beam 8, the number of the hole forming blocks 12 is determined according to holes on the building block (one hole forming block is shown in fig. 2), and the cross-sectional shape and size of the hole forming block 12 are consistent with those of the holes in the building block. If a plurality of holes are formed, a plurality of forming blocks are correspondingly formed, one forming block corresponds to one hole, and the relative position of each forming block is consistent with that of each hole.
Symmetrical pull rods 16 are distributed on the outer side of the bottom of the lifting frame 14 along two sides of the length direction, the center distance between every two adjacent pull rods 16 is consistent with the width of the single building block, and a width cord 9 is connected between the pull rods 16 corresponding to the two sides of the length for cutting the width of the building block. Symmetrical pull rods can also be distributed at the bottom of the lifting frame 14 along the two sides of the width direction, and length ropes are connected between the corresponding pull rods and used for cutting the length of the building block. In fig. 3, a cutting plate 10 is provided between both sides of the bottom of the lifting frame 14 in the width direction, and the slurry in the module is divided by the length of the single block by the cutting plate 10.
In addition, a guide mechanism is arranged on the outer side of the lifting frame 14, two groups are arranged on each side, guide wheels 15 are arranged on the guide seat 11, each guide wheel 15 is positioned in a guide groove on the outer side of the die frame 1, and the guide of the lifting frame 14 during lifting is realized through the matching of the guide wheels 15 and the guide grooves.
In order to maintain the tension state of the width cord 9, the cords may be connected to tension mechanisms (not shown) disposed on the lifting frame 14. The tensioning mechanism can be a worm gear and worm mechanism, one end of the rope is fixed, the other end of the rope is wound on a worm gear shaft, and the worm drives the worm gear to rotate, so that the rope is tensioned and self-locked.
The operation process of the device is as follows:
before slurry is poured, the hole forming block 12 at the lower part of the lifting frame 14, the pull rods 16 at two sides, the width wire rope 9 between the pull rods 16 and the cutting plate 10 are arranged in the mold frame 1 and attached to the bottom surface (or the movable push plate 6) of the mold frame 1, and the wire rope is in a tensioning state.
After injecting the material slurry into the mould frame 1 for preliminary shaping (similar to bean curd shape), when the material slurry is not hardened yet but can be cut by the thread rope, the lifting mechanism 3 drives the lifting frame 14 to lift upwards, the hole forming block 12, the width thread rope 9 and the cutting plate 10 are lifted out of the mould frame 1 at the same time, so that the whole building block in the mould frame 1 is divided, the length and the width meet the specification requirements, and the hole is taken out at the same time.

Claims (10)

1. A forming and cutting method of a perforated building block is characterized by comprising the following steps: and distributing hole forming blocks in the mold frame, pouring slurry into the mold frame, after initial setting, lifting the hole forming blocks out of the mold frame and cutting the whole building blocks in the mold frame.
2. The method of form cutting perforated blocks as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the integral building block is cut into the following concrete steps: and cutting according to the length and the width of the single building block in the mold frame to realize the division of the length and the width.
3. The method of form cutting perforated blocks as claimed in claim 2, wherein: and the length and width cutting is to distribute the cutting tools at the bottom of the die frame according to the length and width of the monomer building blocks before slurry pouring, and to pull the cutting tools out of the die frame to realize the length and width division.
4. The utility model provides a shaping cutting device of foraminiferous building block, characterized by: the device comprises a die frame, a lifting mechanism and a forming and cutting mechanism, wherein the lifting mechanism is arranged above the forming and cutting mechanism and is connected with the forming and cutting mechanism; the forming and cutting mechanism comprises a lifting frame, and hole forming blocks and cutters extending into the die frame are distributed at the bottom of the lifting frame.
5. The apparatus for forming and cutting perforated blocks as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the lifting mechanism adopts a hydraulic cylinder or an electric cylinder.
6. The apparatus for forming and cutting perforated blocks as claimed in claim 4, wherein: a guide device is arranged between the lifting frame and the die frame, the guide device can be that a guide wheel is arranged on the lifting frame, and a guide block corresponding to the guide wheel is arranged on the outer side of the die frame.
7. The apparatus for forming and cutting perforated blocks as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the cutting tool is a thread rope.
8. The apparatus for forming and cutting perforated blocks as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the rope is connected with the tensioning mechanism, and the tensioning mechanism is arranged on the lifting frame.
9. The apparatus for forming and cutting perforated blocks as claimed in claim 8, wherein: the tensioning mechanism is a worm gear mechanism, one end of a rope is fixed, and the other end of the rope is wound on a worm gear shaft.
10. The apparatus for forming and cutting perforated blocks as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the cutter is a cutting plate.
CN202010625367.8A 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Forming and cutting method and device for perforated building blocks Pending CN111688000A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010625367.8A CN111688000A (en) 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Forming and cutting method and device for perforated building blocks

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010625367.8A CN111688000A (en) 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Forming and cutting method and device for perforated building blocks

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN111688000A true CN111688000A (en) 2020-09-22

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CN202010625367.8A Pending CN111688000A (en) 2020-07-01 2020-07-01 Forming and cutting method and device for perforated building blocks

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113263607A (en) * 2021-05-20 2021-08-17 郑州意合达建筑科技研究院 Green building hollow brick forming device

Citations (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1491786A (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-04-28 天津师范大学 Air-entraniing concrete mould for simultaneously completing casting and cutting and use
RS20070502A (en) * 2007-12-25 2009-11-10 Milan Jevtić Tool for production of ceramic little channel and hollow block of monoblock product in brick factories
CN102806596A (en) * 2011-05-29 2012-12-05 王进录 New method for autoclaved aerated concrete block cutting technology
CN103741859A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-04-23 高唐县成宇机械制造有限公司 Hollow air-added brick and forming method and forming device thereof
CN103950093A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-07-30 刘发清 Gypsum block integral casting block cutting forming equipment
CN205552818U (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-07 宿迁市天尚新型建材有限公司 String is surely from carrying formula cutting machine
CN109591167A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-04-09 安徽绿风环保节能材料有限公司 A kind of concrete segment transverse cutting device
CN209755582U (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-12-10 清远市恒建环保建材有限公司 Aerated building block mould convenient to connect
CN110815523A (en) * 2019-12-12 2020-02-21 舟山弘业环保材料有限公司 Cutting machine for concrete building blocks
CN210616868U (en) * 2019-07-09 2020-05-26 滕州市隆发新型建材有限公司 Forming die is used in production of heat preservation porous brick

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1491786A (en) * 2003-06-06 2004-04-28 天津师范大学 Air-entraniing concrete mould for simultaneously completing casting and cutting and use
RS20070502A (en) * 2007-12-25 2009-11-10 Milan Jevtić Tool for production of ceramic little channel and hollow block of monoblock product in brick factories
CN102806596A (en) * 2011-05-29 2012-12-05 王进录 New method for autoclaved aerated concrete block cutting technology
CN103741859A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-04-23 高唐县成宇机械制造有限公司 Hollow air-added brick and forming method and forming device thereof
CN103950093A (en) * 2014-05-15 2014-07-30 刘发清 Gypsum block integral casting block cutting forming equipment
CN205552818U (en) * 2016-04-29 2016-09-07 宿迁市天尚新型建材有限公司 String is surely from carrying formula cutting machine
CN209755582U (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-12-10 清远市恒建环保建材有限公司 Aerated building block mould convenient to connect
CN109591167A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-04-09 安徽绿风环保节能材料有限公司 A kind of concrete segment transverse cutting device
CN210616868U (en) * 2019-07-09 2020-05-26 滕州市隆发新型建材有限公司 Forming die is used in production of heat preservation porous brick
CN110815523A (en) * 2019-12-12 2020-02-21 舟山弘业环保材料有限公司 Cutting machine for concrete building blocks

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113263607A (en) * 2021-05-20 2021-08-17 郑州意合达建筑科技研究院 Green building hollow brick forming device

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Application publication date: 20200922