CN213032716U - Carbon anode scrap crushing device - Google Patents

Carbon anode scrap crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN213032716U
CN213032716U CN202021741211.8U CN202021741211U CN213032716U CN 213032716 U CN213032716 U CN 213032716U CN 202021741211 U CN202021741211 U CN 202021741211U CN 213032716 U CN213032716 U CN 213032716U
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China
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crushing
materials
impact
crusher
frame body
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CN202021741211.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王凯
张利
王召贤
姚元林
张世顺
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Jiangsu Jianglong New Material Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Jianglong New Material Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a carbon residual anode crushing device, which comprises a frame body; a feed inlet, a first crushing chamber and a second crushing chamber are arranged in the frame body; a first crusher and a first bin wall are arranged in the first crushing chamber; the first crusher comprises an impact head and an impact oil cylinder for driving the impact head to reciprocate; a second crusher and a second bin wall are arranged in the second crushing chamber; the second crusher comprises a grinding table and a driving motor connected to the frame body and used for driving the grinding table to rotate; the wall of the second bin is provided with a concave-convex surface matched with the grinding table; an output shaft of the driving motor is sequentially connected with a grinding table and a differential mechanism from bottom to top; the bottom of the side wall of the frame body is provided with an opening and closing door for conveying the crushed objects. The utility model has the advantages of reasonable design, carry out multistage impact through the hard shell to the residual anode and break and roll the grinding to broken material, the effectual separation efficiency who improves residual anode carbon and crust to through the effectual impact crushing efficiency who improves the material as the impact head with the multistage frustum of axle center.

Description

Carbon anode scrap crushing device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the plain processing equipment of charcoal and specifically relates to a plain anode scrap breaker of charcoal.
Background
During the service life of the anode carbon block, when the anode carbon block is used for a certain time, the carbon block becomes very thin, and in order to prevent the anode steel claw from being melted by electrolyte, a new anode carbon block group is needed to be replaced. These residual carbon blocks are taken out and called anode scrap. The anode scrap is in contact with the electrolyte for a long time, contains a high electrolyte component, and is often accompanied by a crust formed by the electrolyte. Chinese patent document No. CN101347754B discloses a residual anode extrusion crusher. The structure is as follows: feed mechanism and hydro-cylinder device install on the organism, and feed mechanism's inboard is equipped with fixed tooth plate, and fixed tooth plate installs on the organism, and hydro-cylinder device's inboard is connected with the adjustable tooth plate, and the check sieve is installed on the organism, and the check sieve setting is between fixed tooth plate and adjustable tooth plate, fixed tooth plate and adjustable tooth plate phase-match. The invention has simple structure, safe and convenient use, sensitive response and easy realization, improves the crushing efficiency, improves the production environment and reduces the labor intensity of workers. However, most of the existing crushing devices only adopt impact crushing as crushing equipment, but the crushing efficiency is low, the failure rate is high, and the crushing is small.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a carbon residual anode breaker for solve the problem that current breaker crushing efficiency is low, breakage ratio is little.
In order to solve the problems, the utility model provides a carbon anode scrap crushing device, which comprises a frame body; a feed inlet for feeding materials, a first crushing chamber for primarily crushing the materials and a second crushing chamber for further finely crushing the materials are sequentially arranged in the frame body from top to bottom; a first crusher for primarily crushing materials and a first bin wall which is matched with the first crusher and guides the materials to gather and fall are arranged in the first crushing chamber; the first crusher comprises an impact head for impacting and crushing materials and an impact oil cylinder which is fixed on the frame body and drives the impact head to reciprocate; a second crusher and a second bin wall matched with the second crusher for crushing materials are arranged in the second crushing chamber; the second crusher comprises a grinding table for rotatably grinding crushed materials and a driving motor connected to the frame body and driving the grinding table to rotate; the wall of the second bin is provided with a concave-convex surface matched with the grinding table; an output shaft of the driving motor is sequentially connected with the grinding table and the differential mechanism from bottom to top; the bottom of the side wall of the frame body is provided with an opening and closing door for conveying the crushed objects.
The utility model provides a carbon residual anode breaker still has following technical characteristic:
furthermore, an openable cover plate is hinged to the feed inlet.
Furthermore, the impact head is provided with a first frustum which is close to the direction of the impact oil cylinder and is reduced in sequence, and a coaxial multi-stage frustum which is reduced in sequence and reduces the gap between the impact oil cylinder and the first bin wall in sequence and is far away from the direction of the impact oil cylinder.
Furthermore, the bottom of the first crushing chamber is provided with a grid plate for bearing and stopping the primarily broken materials from impacting the grinding table.
Further, the differential mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the grating plate and is connected with a cleaning plate which penetrates through the grating plate and is arranged in the first crushing chamber.
Furthermore, a guide rod which guides the impact head to reciprocate and is fixed on the frame body is arranged in the first crushing chamber; and a blind road matched with the guide rod is arranged at the bottom of the impact head.
Furthermore, a conical shunting table for guiding shunted materials is arranged on the grinding table.
The utility model discloses following beneficial effect has: the utility model has the advantages of reasonable design, simple structure, through assaulting crushing equipment and rolling crushing equipment and combining, carry out multistage impact to the hard shell of residual anode and break and roll the grinding to broken material, the effectual separation efficiency who improves residual anode carbon and crust to through the effectual impact crushing efficiency who improves the material of impact head with the multistage frustum of axle center, and very big improvement the broken ratio of residual anode, the later stage of being convenient for is to the collection processing of material.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural section view of an embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: 1-frame body, 11-opening and closing door, 2-feeding hole, 21-cover plate, 3-first crushing chamber, 31-first bin wall, 32-grid plate, 33-guide rod, 4-second crushing chamber, 41-second bin wall, 42-concave-convex surface, 5-first crusher, 51-impact head, 511-first cone, 52-impact oil cylinder, 53-blind road, 6-second crusher, 61-driving motor, 62-grinding table, 621-conical flow dividing table, 63-differential mechanism and 64-cleaning plate.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with embodiments. It should be noted that, in the present invention, the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
Fig. 1 and 2 show an embodiment of a carbon anode scrap crushing device according to the present invention, which comprises a frame body 1; a feed inlet 2 for materials to enter, a first crushing chamber 3 for primarily crushing the materials and a second crushing chamber 4 for further finely crushing the materials are sequentially arranged in the frame body 1 from top to bottom; a first crusher 5 for primarily crushing materials and a first bin wall 31 which is matched with the first crusher 5 and guides the materials to gather and fall are arranged in the first crushing chamber 3; the first crusher 5 comprises an impact head 51 for impacting and crushing materials and an impact oil cylinder 52 which is fixed on the frame body 1 and drives the impact head 51 to reciprocate; a second crusher 6 and a second bin wall 41 matched with the second crusher 6 for crushing materials are arranged in the second crushing chamber 4; the second crusher 6 comprises a grinding table 62 for rotatably grinding and crushing materials and a driving motor 61 connected to the frame body 1 for driving the grinding table 62 to rotate; the second bin wall 41 is provided with a concave-convex surface 42 matched with the grinding table 62; an output shaft of the driving motor 61 is sequentially connected with a grinding table 62 and a differential 63 from bottom to top; the bottom of the side wall of the frame body 1 is provided with an opening and closing door 11 for conveying broken objects. Impact breaker through designing vertical direction material rolls the breakage with rotatory platform of rolling, carries out the stage crush to the material, directly strikes broken back with the outside hard shell of anode scrap material, adopts rotatory platform of rolling to further separate the crust in the tiny piece of inside with inside carbon, further improves the broken ratio and the crushing efficiency of anode scrap, guarantees the abundant breakage of material.
Specifically, an openable/closable cover plate 21 is hinged to the feed port 2. Through the openable cover plate, the feeding of the frame body is ensured to be smooth, and meanwhile, the dust pollution caused by the scattering of chips in the crushing process is also avoided.
Specifically, the impact head 51 is provided with a first frustum 511 which is tapered toward the impact cylinder 52 in the direction away from the impact cylinder 52, and a coaxial multistage frustum which is tapered toward the impact cylinder 52 in the direction away from the impact cylinder 52 and has a gap with the first bulkhead 31 in the order of decreasing. Through shunting the first frustum to the material and guiding to first bulkhead to through designing into the design of multistage frustum impact head that piles up, form obvious ladder nature interval with first bulkhead, realized the multistage stage breakage to the material, carry out fracturing breakage effectual realization to the separation processing of carbon with the crust of anode scrap, be convenient for to the collection processing of anode scrap.
Specifically, the bottom of the first crushing chamber 3 is provided with a grating 32 for receiving and blocking the impact of the primarily fractured material on the grinding table 62. The material that breaks away from first bulkhead is blocked through designing the check board, and the effectual direct impact who reduces the material heap and grind the platform reduces the loss of equipment.
Specifically, the differential 63 is provided at the bottom of the grating 32, and a cleaning plate 64 provided in the first crushing chamber 3 through the grating 32 is connected thereto. The cleaning plate is effectively cleaned by the differential mechanism connection control, so that the sufficient flowing of materials is guaranteed, and the sufficient crushing of the materials is guaranteed.
Specifically, a guide rod 33 which guides the impact head 51 to reciprocate and is fixed on the frame body 1 is arranged in the first crushing chamber 3; the bottom of the impact head 51 is provided with a blind passage 53 matched with the guide rod 33. The guide rod is designed to guide the impact head, so that the moving direction of the impact head in the impact process is effectively ensured, the smooth impact and crushing of materials are ensured, and the impact equipment is prevented from deviating.
Specifically, a conical diversion table 621 for guiding the diverted material is arranged on the grinding table 62.
The working principle is as follows: an operator opens the cover plate 21 to open the feeding hole 2, after the impact oil cylinder 52 is started, anode scrap materials are released through the feeding hole 2 to enter the first crushing chamber 3, are gathered on the first bin wall 31 under the guide of the first frustum 511, form fine fragments with the particle diameter smaller than the aperture of the grating 32 to move downwards under the impact crushing of the impact head 51 combined by the multistage frustums, weaken the impact damage of the small crushed materials on the second crusher 6 under the cleaning action of the primary blocking and cleaning plate 64 of the grating 32, shunt and gather on the second bin wall 41 through the tapered shunt table 621 after the materials fall through the grating 32, further crush and grind the materials in gaps gradually reduced from top to bottom through the second bin wall 41 of the shunt table 62 under the action of the rolling table 62 driven by the driving motor 61, collect and clean the materials through the opening and closing door 11 after further crush and grind the materials, further improve the crushing efficiency of material, the effectual crushing ratio that improves the material to the separation of carbon and crust has effectively been realized.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention in its corresponding aspects.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a broken extremely breaker of carbon which characterized in that: comprises a frame body (1); a feed inlet (2) for feeding materials, a first crushing chamber (3) for primarily crushing the materials and a second crushing chamber (4) for further finely crushing the materials are sequentially arranged in the frame body (1) from top to bottom; a first crusher (5) for primarily crushing materials and a first bin wall (31) which is matched with the first crusher (5) and guides the materials to gather and fall are arranged in the first crushing chamber (3); the first crusher (5) comprises an impact head (51) for impacting and crushing materials and an impact oil cylinder (52) which is fixed on the frame body (1) and drives the impact head (51) to reciprocate; a second crusher (6) and a second bin wall (41) matched with the second crusher (6) for crushing materials are arranged in the second crushing chamber (4); the second crusher (6) comprises a grinding table (62) for rotatably grinding and crushing materials and a driving motor (61) which is connected to the frame body (1) and drives the grinding table (62) to rotate; the second bin wall (41) is provided with a concave-convex surface (42) matched with the grinding table (62); an output shaft of the driving motor (61) is sequentially connected with the grinding table (62) and the differential (63) from bottom to top; the bottom of the side wall of the frame body (1) is provided with an opening and closing door (11) for conveying the crushed objects.
2. The carbon anode scrap crushing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the feed inlet (2) is hinged with an openable cover plate (21).
3. The carbon anode scrap crushing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: impact head (51) are along keeping away from the direction of assaulting hydro-cylinder (52) is equipped with in proper order to being close to first frustum (511), keeping away from that the impact hydro-cylinder (52) direction reduces in proper order and with the multistage frustum of axle center that the clearance of first bulkhead (31) reduces in proper order.
4. The carbon anode scrap crushing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: and a grid plate (32) for bearing and stopping the impact of the primarily broken materials on the grinding table (62) is arranged at the bottom of the first crushing chamber (3).
5. The carbon anode scrap crushing apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: the differential (63) is arranged at the bottom of the grid plate (32) and is connected with a cleaning plate (64) which penetrates through the grid plate (32) and is arranged in the first crushing chamber (3).
6. The carbon anode scrap crushing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: a guide rod (33) which guides the impact head (51) to reciprocate and is fixed on the frame body (1) is arranged in the first crushing chamber (3); the bottom of the impact head (51) is provided with a blind road (53) matched with the guide rod (33).
7. The carbon anode scrap crushing apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: and a conical flow distribution table (621) for guiding and distributing materials is arranged on the grinding table (62).
CN202021741211.8U 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 Carbon anode scrap crushing device Active CN213032716U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021741211.8U CN213032716U (en) 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 Carbon anode scrap crushing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021741211.8U CN213032716U (en) 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 Carbon anode scrap crushing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN213032716U true CN213032716U (en) 2021-04-23

Family

ID=75532089

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202021741211.8U Active CN213032716U (en) 2020-08-19 2020-08-19 Carbon anode scrap crushing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN213032716U (en)

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