CN211755632U - Dust-proof coal gangue crushing device - Google Patents

Dust-proof coal gangue crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211755632U
CN211755632U CN201820383870.5U CN201820383870U CN211755632U CN 211755632 U CN211755632 U CN 211755632U CN 201820383870 U CN201820383870 U CN 201820383870U CN 211755632 U CN211755632 U CN 211755632U
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crushing
hopper
dust
coal gangue
hammer
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CN201820383870.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵彦超
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Henan Xichao Industrial Co ltd
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Henan Xichao Industrial Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dustproof coal gangue crushing device, which belongs to the technical field of machining and aims to solve the problems of dust pollution and poor crushing effect of the existing coal gangue crusher, and comprises a feeding device, a crushing device and a material receiving device, and is characterized in that the feeding device comprises a hopper, the cross section of the hopper is in an inverted funnel shape from top to bottom, the hopper is vertically provided with an air guide rod, a feeding spiral blade is vertically arranged in the hopper, the feeding spiral blade is arranged on a fourth rotating shaft, the fourth rotating shaft is in transmission connection with a third motor, a frame is arranged below the hopper, a crushing cavity is arranged in the frame, the inner side wall of the crushing cavity is provided with a fixed disc, the outer surface of the fixed disc is provided with crushing teeth, the upper part of the crushing cavity is provided with a water spray pipe, and the water spray pipe is embedded in the crushing teeth, the utility model has the characteristics of pollute little, the dust is little and crushing effectual.

Description

Dust-proof coal gangue crushing device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of machining, more specifically relate to a coal gangue reducing mechanism of dust-protection type.
Background
The insulating brick is a novel product capable of replacing ceramic tiles, is mainly suitable for toilets, kitchens, background walls, external walls and the like, can comprehensively replace commonly-used decorative materials such as aluminum-plastic plates, honeycomb plates, curtain walls and the like, can meet two functional requirements of heat preservation and decoration through one-time construction of multifunctional integration, and is level, smooth, attractive and strong in decoration.
The production raw materials of the insulating brick are generally added with coal gangue, the coal gangue needs to be crushed by a hammer crusher before use, then a roller is used for particle screening treatment, the subsequent further processing treatment is carried out, the coal gangue is driven by a crusher, two sets of rotors which are mutually connected in series rotate at high speed at the same time, materials are crushed by a superior rotor in an inner cavity of the machine and immediately crushed by a hammer head of a subordinate rotor which rotates at high speed, the materials in the inner cavity collide with each other at high speed to achieve the effects of powder material and material powder material, coal slag particles with the particle size of less than 3 mm are formed, the particles can completely meet the requirements of manufacturers for internal combustion brick making, but the internal structure of the existing coal gangue crushing device is not stable enough and is easy to wear, the device can generate serious noise during working, the working environment of operators is damaged, and sometimes dust generated during the working of the device can also harm human health, huge injury has been caused to human body mind and body, its crushing effect of current rubbing crusher is not ideal enough simultaneously, need smash many times, this task volume that has just increased people crushing work, and current gangue rubbing crusher is when smashing the gangue, the material adhesion takes place easily, pile up corner phenomenon, need shut down and clear up, there is the potential safety hazard, also lead to gangue rubbing crusher's work efficiency low, when smashing and accomplishing the back and unloading, often can spill the gangue after smashing subaerially, will increase the process of collecting the dust like this, be unfavorable for production efficiency's improvement, and rubbing crusher can produce a large amount of dusts at crushing gangue in-process, the dust is directly discharged in the air, cause air pollution.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to provide a: in order to solve the problem that the dust pollution and the crushing effect of the existing coal gangue crusher are poor, the dust-proof coal gangue crushing device has the characteristics of small pollution, small dust and good crushing effect.
The utility model adopts the technical scheme as follows: a dust-proof coal gangue crushing device comprises a feeding device, a crushing device and a receiving device, and is characterized in that the feeding device comprises a hopper, the cross section of the hopper is in an inverted funnel shape from top to bottom, an air guide rod is vertically arranged in the hopper, a feeding spiral blade is vertically arranged in the hopper and arranged on a fourth rotating shaft, the fourth rotating shaft is in transmission connection with a third motor, a rack is arranged below the hopper, a crushing cavity is arranged in the rack, a fixing disc is arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing cavity, crushing teeth are arranged on the outer surface of the fixing disc, a water spray pipe is arranged on the upper portion of the crushing cavity and embedded into the crushing teeth, the crushing device is arranged in the crushing cavity and comprises a crushing hammer I and a crushing hammer II, the crushing hammer I and the crushing hammer II are respectively arranged on a first rotating shaft and a second rotating shaft, the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft are in transmission connection with a first motor, the first crushing hammer and the second crushing hammer are externally sleeved with crushing teeth, the upper parts of the first crushing hammer and the second crushing hammer are provided with a horizontally arranged crushing hob I, the first horizontal hob I is provided with a crushing blade, the first crushing hob I is arranged on a third rotating shaft, the third rotating shaft is in transmission connection with a second motor, the material receiving device comprises a fixed block and a material receiving box, the fixed block is fixedly welded on a machine frame, the material receiving box is positioned between the two fixed blocks, one side of a crushing cavity is provided with an air guide channel, a screen is arranged in the air guide channel, an exhaust fan is arranged in the air guide channel, the other end of the air guide channel is communicated with a dust collection box, the upper end inside the dust collection box is provided with a spray head, a filter screen is arranged below the spray head, and a plurality of vent holes are arranged above the, the lower end of the dust collection box is provided with a water tank, and the bottom of the water tank is provided with a water outlet.
The utility model discloses a further preferred, the end of air water conservancy diversion pole is provided with the air-blast equipment, the air-blast equipment is the air-blower, the inside surface that the air water conservancy diversion pole stretched into the hopper is provided with the water conservancy diversion hole, water conservancy diversion downthehole portion is provided with the filter screen.
The utility model discloses a further preferred, smash the tooth and adopt the diamond material.
The utility model discloses a further preferred, broken tooth adopts the diamond material.
The utility model discloses a further preferred, crushing blade adopts the diamond material.
The utility model discloses a further preferred, the hopper lower extreme is provided with the guide plate, the guide plate symmetry sets up on the lower extreme lateral wall of hopper, the opening of guide plate is corresponding with the clearance of smashing hammer one and smashing hammer two.
The utility model discloses a further preferred, the position that the lateral wall of suction box corresponds the filter screen is provided with the bin outlet, just the control valve is installed to the bin outlet.
The working principle is as follows: the device of the utility model puts the coal gangue into the feeding hopper, the coal gangue in the feeding hopper slides into the hopper, and starts the third motor and drives the fourth rotating shaft to rotate, the feeding spiral blade arranged in the vertical direction performs the functions of primary crushing and downward extrusion on the coal gangue, the primarily crushed coal gangue falls into the first horizontal hob under the function of the guide plate, the second motor is started, the crushing blade arranged on the first horizontal hob crushes the coal gangue for the second time, the coal gangue after the secondary crushing falls into the crushing cavity, the first motor is started, the first motor belt drives the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft, the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft drive the first crushing hammer and the second crushing hammer, the coal gangue after the secondary crushing is decomposed under the crushing of the crushing teeth on the first crushing hammer and the second crushing hammer, and the fixing disc is also arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing cavity, the fixed disk is also provided with crushing teeth, the secondarily crushed coal gangue completes the third crushing operation under the action of the crushing teeth and the crushing teeth to completely crush the coal gangue, the crushed material passes through a discharge hole arranged at the lower end of the crushing cavity and the screw cap is opened, the completely crushed coal gangue falls into a material receiving box, the dust generated in the crushing cavity can be extracted into the dust suction box by the exhaust fan arranged in the ventilation channel, and a screen is also arranged in the dust collection box for preventing the broken stones in the crushing cavity from falling into the dust collection box, the broken stones to be splashed into the air guide channel are filtered, after dust enters the dust collection box, the spray header is opened to atomize the dust in the dust collection box and fall into the top part in the dust collection box, when the dust in the dust collection box is accumulated to a certain amount, the control valve at the discharge port at the lower part of the dust collection box is opened to discharge the dust.
To sum up, owing to adopted above-mentioned technical scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. the utility model discloses a device makes the gangue reach complete kibbling purpose through the cubic grinding to the gangue, make the gangue crushing respond well, work efficiency is improved, collect the atomizing to the dust of broken intracavity simultaneously, reach dirt-proof purpose, structural design is reasonable, reduce the dust pollution of rubbing crusher to the surrounding environment, compare with current gangue crusher, the device reaches crushing effectual and the efficient purpose of smashing through cubic grinding, and be provided with the wind-guiding passageway in one side of broken intracavity portion, at the inside air exhauster that sets up of wind-guiding passageway, inhale the suction box with the inside dust in broken intracavity portion, and atomize the dust of suction box inside through the shower head that sets up at suction box top, reach dirt-proof purpose.
2. The utility model discloses a terminal of air water conservancy diversion pole is provided with air-blast apparatus, air-blast apparatus is the air-blower, the air water conservancy diversion pole stretches into the inside partial surface of hopper and is provided with the water conservancy diversion hole, the downthehole portion of water conservancy diversion is provided with the filter screen, can prevent that the gangue from piling up at the hopper, guarantees the inside good circulation of air of hopper.
3. Smash the tooth and adopt the diamond material for smash the tooth and have good hardness, good wearability and low coefficient of friction.
4. Broken tooth adopts the diamond material for broken tooth has good hardness, good wearability and low coefficient of friction.
5. Broken tooth adopts the diamond material for crushing blade has good hardness, good wearability and low coefficient of friction.
6. The utility model discloses the guide plate that sets up in the hopper lower part can carry out effective water conservancy diversion guide effect to comminuted, and inside the guide plate can prevent that broken intracavity portion's rubble from sputtering the hopper, prevents that the material from turning over on.
7. The utility model discloses be provided with the discharge gate at the lower extreme of suction box to install the control valve at the discharge gate tip, can be in piling up of material in the suction box.
Drawings
The invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Reference numerals: 1-fixed block, 2-collecting box, 3-rotary cover, 4-crushing cavity, 5-crushing hammer I, 6-first motor, 7-crushing hob I, 8-crushing blade, 9-air guide rod, 10-hopper, 11-air blowing device, 12-feeding hopper, 13-feeding spiral blade, 14-third motor, 15-guide plate, 16-air guide channel, 17-exhaust fan, 18-second motor, 19-water collecting pipe, 20-spray head, 21-dust suction box, 22-crushing hammer II, 23-filter screen, 24-water tank, 25-fixed disk, 26-frame and 27-first rotary shaft.
Detailed Description
All of the features disclosed in this specification, or all of the steps in any method or process so disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except combinations of features and/or steps that are mutually exclusive.
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to fig. 1.
The first embodiment is as follows: a dust-proof coal gangue crushing device comprises a feeding device, a crushing device and a receiving device, and is characterized in that the feeding device comprises a hopper 10, the cross section of the hopper 10 is in an inverted hopper shape from top to bottom, a feeding hopper 12 with a funnel-shaped cross section from bottom to top is arranged above the hopper 10, an air guide rod 9 is vertically arranged on the hopper 10, a feeding spiral blade 13 is vertically arranged in the hopper 10, the feeding spiral blade 13 is arranged on a fourth rotating shaft, the fourth rotating shaft is in transmission connection with a third motor 14, a rack 26 is arranged below the hopper 10, a crushing cavity 4 is arranged in the rack 26, a fixing disc 25 is arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing cavity 4, the outer surface of the fixing disc 25 is provided with crushing teeth, the upper part of the crushing cavity 4 is provided with a water spray pipe, and the water spray pipe is embedded into the crushing teeth, the crushing device is arranged in the crushing cavity 4 and comprises a first crushing hammer 5 and a second crushing hammer 22, the first crushing hammer 5 and the second crushing hammer 22 are respectively arranged on a first rotating shaft 27 and a second rotating shaft, the first rotating shaft 27 and the second rotating shaft are in transmission connection with a first motor 6, the first crushing hammer 5 and the second crushing hammer 22 are externally sleeved with crushing teeth, a horizontally arranged crushing hob 7 is arranged on the upper portions of the first crushing hammer 5 and the second crushing hammer 22, a crushing blade 8 is arranged on the first horizontal hob, the first crushing hob 7 is arranged on a third rotating shaft, the third rotating shaft is in transmission connection with a second motor 18, the receiving device comprises a fixed block 1 and a receiving box 2, the fixed block 1 is fixedly welded on a rack 26, the receiving box 2 is positioned between the two fixed blocks 1, an air guide channel 16 is arranged on one side of the crushing cavity 4, be provided with the screen cloth in the wind-guiding passageway 16, the inside air exhauster 17 that is provided with of wind-guiding passageway 16, the other end intercommunication of wind-guiding passageway 16 has suction box 21, the inside upper end of suction box 21 is provided with shower head 20, the below of shower head 20 is provided with filter screen 23, suction box 21's top is provided with a plurality of ventilation holes, suction box 21's lower extreme is provided with basin 24, basin 24's bottom is provided with the outlet, the end of air water conservancy diversion pole 9 is provided with air-blast equipment 11, air-blast equipment 11 is the air-blower, air water conservancy diversion pole 9 stretches into the inside surface of hopper 10 and is provided with the water conservancy diversion hole, the downthehole portion of water conservancy diversion is provided with filter screen 23, crushing tooth adopts the diamond. The crushing teeth are made of diamond materials. The crushing blade 8 is made of diamond. The lower end of the hopper 10 is provided with a guide plate 15, the guide plate 15 is symmetrically arranged on the side wall of the lower end of the hopper 10, the opening of the guide plate 15 corresponds to the gap between the first crushing hammer 5 and the second crushing hammer 22, the side wall of the dust collection box 21 is provided with a discharge hole corresponding to the position of the filter screen 23, and the discharge hole is provided with a control valve, the device of the utility model puts the coal gangue into the feeding hopper 12, the coal gangue in the feeding hopper 12 slides into the hopper 10 and starts the third motor 14 and drives the fourth rotating shaft to rotate, the feeding helical blade 13 arranged in the vertical direction performs the functions of primary crushing and downward extrusion on the coal gangue, the primarily crushed coal gangue falls into the first horizontal hob under the effect of the guide plate 15, the second motor 18 is started, the crushing blade 8 arranged on the first horizontal hob performs secondary crushing on the coal gangue, the coal gangue after the secondary crushing falls into crushing chamber 4, starts first motor 6, and first motor 6 belt drives first pivot 27 and second pivot, first pivot 27 and second pivot drive quartering hammer one 5 and quartering hammer two 22, and coal gangue after the secondary crushing decomposes under the breakage of the crushing tooth on quartering hammer one 5 and quartering hammer two 22, and still is provided with fixed disk 25 on the broken chamber 4 inside wall, still be provided with broken tooth on the fixed disk 25, coal gangue after the secondary crushing accomplishes the third time crushing operation under the effect of crushing tooth and broken tooth, realizes the complete crushing to the coal gangue, and the material after the crushing is through the discharge gate that has the broken chamber 4 lower extreme to set up and open spiral cover 3, complete kibbling coal gangue crushed aggregates falls into to receiving box 2 in, the dust that produces in crushing chamber 4 can be extracted to the suction box 21 by the air exhauster 17 that sets up in the ventilation passageway, and still be provided with the screen cloth in the dust collection box 21 that falls into for the rubble that prevents in the broken chamber 4, filter the rubble that will spatter in the wind-guiding passageway 16, the dust is entering into the dust collection box 21 after, opens shower head 20, with the dust atomization in the dust collection box 21, falls into the top in the dust collection box 21, when the inside dust of dust collection box 21 accumulated a quantitative, opens the control valve of the discharge gate department of dust collection box 21 lower part, discharges the dust.
Although the invention has been described herein with reference to a number of illustrative embodiments thereof, it should be understood that numerous other modifications and embodiments can be devised by those skilled in the art that will fall within the spirit and scope of the principles of this invention. More specifically, various variations and modifications are possible in the component parts and/or arrangements of the subject combination arrangement within the scope of the disclosure and claims of this application. In addition to variations and modifications in the component parts and/or arrangements, other uses will also be apparent to those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. A dust-proof coal gangue crushing device comprises a feeding device, a crushing device and a receiving device, and is characterized in that the feeding device comprises a hopper (10), the cross section of the hopper (10) is in an inverted funnel shape from top to bottom, an air guide rod (9) is vertically arranged on the hopper (10), a feeding spiral blade (13) is vertically arranged in the hopper (10), the feeding spiral blade (13) is arranged on a fourth rotating shaft, the fourth rotating shaft is connected with a third motor (14) in a transmission manner, a rack (26) is arranged below the hopper (10), a crushing cavity (4) is arranged in the rack (26), a fixing disc (25) is arranged on the inner side wall of the crushing cavity (4), crushing teeth are arranged on the outer surface of the fixing disc (25), the crushing device is arranged in the crushing cavity (4), the crushing device comprises a crushing hammer I (5) and a crushing hammer II (22), the utility model discloses a crushing and collecting device, including smash hammer one (5) and smash hammer two (22) and set up respectively in first pivot (27) and the second pivot, first pivot (27) and second pivot transmission are connected with first motor (6), smash hammer one (5) and smash hammer two (22) outside cover and be equipped with crushing tooth, just smash hammer one (5) and smash hammer two (22) upper portion and be provided with the crushing hobbing cutter (7) that the level set up, be provided with crushing blade (8) on crushing hobbing cutter (7), crushing hobbing cutter (7) set up in the third pivot, third pivot transmission is connected with second motor (18), material collecting device includes fixed block (1) and receipts workbin (2), fixed welding is on frame (26) fixed block (1), it is located between fixed block (1) to receive workbin (2), wind-guiding passageway (16) has been seted up to one side of broken chamber (4), be provided with the screen cloth in wind-guiding passageway (16), wind-guiding passageway (16) inside is provided with air exhauster (17), the other end intercommunication of wind-guiding passageway (16) has dust collection box (21), the inside upper end of dust collection box (21) is provided with shower head (20), shower head (20) top intercommunication has collector pipe (19), the below of shower head (20) is provided with filter screen (23), the top of dust collection box (21) is provided with a plurality of ventilation holes, the lower part of dust collection box (21) is provided with the discharge gate, the lower extreme of dust collection box (21) is provided with basin (24), the bottom of basin (24) is provided with the outlet.
2. The dust-proof coal gangue crushing device according to claim 1, wherein a blowing device (11) is arranged at the tail end of the air guide rod (9), the blowing device (11) is an air blower, a guide hole is arranged on the outer surface of the air guide rod (9) extending into the hopper (10), and a filter screen (23) is arranged in the guide hole.
3. The dust-protection coal gangue crushing device of claim 1, wherein the crushing teeth are made of diamond.
4. The dust-protection coal gangue crushing device of claim 1, wherein the crushing teeth are made of diamond.
5. The dust-proof coal gangue crushing device according to claim 1, wherein the crushing blade (8) is made of diamond.
6. The dust-proof coal gangue crushing device according to claim 1, wherein a guide plate (15) is arranged at the lower end of the hopper (10), the guide plates (15) are symmetrically arranged on the side wall of the lower end of the hopper (10), and the opening of each guide plate (15) corresponds to the gap between the first crushing hammer (5) and the second crushing hammer (22).
7. The dust-proof coal gangue crushing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein a discharge port is arranged on the side wall of the dust suction box (21) corresponding to the position of the filter screen (23), and a control valve is arranged on the discharge port.
CN201820383870.5U 2018-03-20 2018-03-20 Dust-proof coal gangue crushing device Active CN211755632U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820383870.5U CN211755632U (en) 2018-03-20 2018-03-20 Dust-proof coal gangue crushing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820383870.5U CN211755632U (en) 2018-03-20 2018-03-20 Dust-proof coal gangue crushing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211755632U true CN211755632U (en) 2020-10-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820383870.5U Active CN211755632U (en) 2018-03-20 2018-03-20 Dust-proof coal gangue crushing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211755632U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113509807A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-10-19 乌拉特中旗浩通清洁能源有限公司 Dust pelletizing system is used in coal washing processing

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113509807A (en) * 2021-06-22 2021-10-19 乌拉特中旗浩通清洁能源有限公司 Dust pelletizing system is used in coal washing processing

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