CN212670151U - Superconducting magnetic suspension embedded track traffic line and train system - Google Patents

Superconducting magnetic suspension embedded track traffic line and train system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212670151U
CN212670151U CN202021276544.8U CN202021276544U CN212670151U CN 212670151 U CN212670151 U CN 212670151U CN 202021276544 U CN202021276544 U CN 202021276544U CN 212670151 U CN212670151 U CN 212670151U
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line
train
suspension
groove
superconducting magnetic
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郑欣欣
周广伟
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Jiuzhou Yuntong Beijing Superconducting New Technology Industry Development Co ltd
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Jiuzhou Yuntong Beijing Superconducting New Technology Industry Development Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an embedded track traffic route of superconductive type magnetism suspension and train system, including line system, train, running gear, power supply system, suspension guider, traction brake system and fortune accuse signal system, wherein: the line and train system adopts a superconducting magnetic suspension system; the line system comprises an overhead pier and a groove-shaped ballast bed with an upward opening and an inverted omega-shaped section; the walking device comprises a steering device, a vibration damping mechanism, a framework, a suspension frame and a skid; the suspension guide device comprises a permanent magnet track and a superconducting magnetic suspension device, the permanent magnet track is laid at the bottom of the groove-shaped track bed, and the superconducting magnetic suspension device is arranged on two sides of the bottom of the running device. The utility model discloses a line and train system have used superconductive magnetic levitation system, can realize contactless suspension, noiselessness, no frictional wear, no electromagnetic radiation, safe and steady operation.

Description

Superconducting magnetic suspension embedded track traffic line and train system
Technical Field
The utility model discloses an embedded track traffic route of superconductive type magnetism and train system belongs to magnetism and floats track traffic system, is applicable to railway trade, track traffic field.
Background
With the development of economic construction and the progress of scientific technology in China, the rail transit industry also faces the opportunity of rapid development. At present, most of rail transit lines and equipment in China are wheel-rail traffic, but the wheel-rail technology is developed to a bottleneck stage and is not stopped; in recent years, magnetic levitation track traffic lines and trains are widely concerned, but the magnetic levitation track traffic lines are all normally-conducting magnetic levitation type lines, and the normally-conducting magnetic levitation track traffic lines are all of open structures, so that the tracks are exposed, the safety protection performance is poor, the occupied area is large, the land utilization rate is low, and the normally-conducting magnetic levitation lines are large in electromagnetic noise and strong in radiation, and influence the surrounding environment.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome prior art's above-mentioned shortcoming, the utility model provides an embedded track traffic line of superconductive type magnetism and train system uses the superconductive magnetism to float the technique of novelty to adopt embedded overall structure form, compare current magnetism and float the track traffic form, the utility model relates to a brand-new track traffic theory and high-tech product, the construction is used, can solve the slow difficult problem of current stage track traffic trade technical development.
The utility model provides a technical scheme that its technical problem adopted is: a superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system comprises a line system, a train, a running device, a power supply system, a levitation guide device, a traction braking system and a running control signal system, wherein:
the line system comprises an overhead pier and a groove-shaped ballast bed with an upward opening and an inverted omega-shaped section;
the train is formed by grouping at least two vehicles through a workshop connecting device, each vehicle is provided with two sets of running devices, and each running device comprises a steering device, a vibration damping mechanism, a framework, a suspension frame and a skid;
the power supply system is laid on the inner side of the groove-shaped ballast bed along the line system and is embedded into the line system;
the suspension guide device comprises a permanent magnet track and a superconducting magnetic suspension device, the permanent magnet track is laid at the bottom of the groove-shaped track bed, and the superconducting magnetic suspension device is arranged on two sides of the bottom of the running device;
the traction braking system comprises a line stator and a vehicle-mounted rotor, wherein the line stator is continuously laid on the inner wall of the groove-shaped track bed and is embedded and hung above the inner wall of the line, the vehicle-mounted rotor is arranged on a suspension frame of a walking device, and each walking device is provided with four sets of vehicle-mounted rotors;
the operation control signal system comprises a track cable and a vehicle-mounted signal device, the track cable is embedded in the bottom of the groove-shaped track bed and is continuously laid along a line, and each vehicle is provided with one vehicle-mounted signal device.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the positive effects that:
the utility model discloses be applied to the track traffic field with most advanced superconductive magnetism and float the technique, stop traditional magnetism and float track traffic's electromagnetic radiation and noise, make "quiet track", establish harmonious traffic.
The utility model discloses a maglev train system and traffic track facility along the line etc. all embedded inside circuit main part engineering structure, the circuit appearance is succinct pleasing to the eye, and compact structure is intensive, and the windage is little, noiselessness, and area is little, and application scope is wide.
Meanwhile, compared with the existing exposed line, the embedded line structure is beneficial to protecting electromechanical facilities along the line, the system protection performance is good, the train is embedded in the groove-shaped line structure, the operation stability is good, the riding is comfortable, and the safety guarantee performance is high.
The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system of the utility model is suitable for the main line traffic, and can also be used for branch lines or special lines; can be used for transporting passengers and can also be used for logistics transportation and transportation of goods; the method is suitable for low-speed, medium-speed and high-speed full-speed area traffic.
The utility model discloses the theory is leading, and design is brief, green, economy is suitable for, safe and reliable, has increased the variety of track traffic form.
The utility model provides an embedded track traffic route of superconductive type magnetic levitation and train system, its structure, constitution, performance, outward appearance have characteristics and advantage, are applicable to the modern rail transit of full speed territory, multipurpose.
Drawings
The invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a left side view of fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the circuit system of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the vehicle according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a left side view of fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a front view of the running gear of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a top view of fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is a left side view of fig. 7.
Fig. 10 is a schematic diagram of the suspension guide device, the traction brake system and the operation control signal system according to the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of the suspension guiding system and the traction braking system of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a schematic view of the eco-friendly water supply and drainage system and the life safety channel according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system mainly comprises a line system 1, a train 2, a traveling device 3, a power supply system 4, a levitation guide device 5, a traction braking system 6, a running control signal system 7, a water supply and drainage environmental protection system 8, a maintenance channel 9, a life safety channel 10 and the like, as shown in figures 1, 2 and 3.
The line system 1 of the superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system comprises overhead piers 1.1, bridge bed supports 1.2, groove-type track beds 1.3 and the like. The elevated pier 1.1 can be a single pier or a combination of double piers in the horizontal direction of the line, the height of the pier is 5m, and road traffic is not influenced; the section of the groove-shaped ballast bed 1.3 is of an inverted omega-shaped structure, and the opening is upward; the transverse direction of the line can be a single-groove bed or a double-groove conjoined combination, and the line is connected with a viaduct pier 1.1 through a bridge bed support 1.2 which can slide longitudinally, as shown in figure 4.
The train 2 of the superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system comprises a vehicle 2.1, a workshop connecting device 2.2 and the like, wherein the vehicle 2.1 comprises a vehicle body 2.11, an in-vehicle facility 2.12, a vehicle-mounted power supply 2.13, an air-conditioning thermostat 2.14, a communication system 2.15 and the like. The in-vehicle facility 2.12 is used for arranging passengers or fixing goods; the vehicle-mounted power supply 2.13 provides electric energy for interior lighting, air conditioners, doors and windows and the like; the air conditioner constant temperature device 2.14 controls the temperature in the vehicle to be kept in a specified range; the communication system 2.15 receives the operation instruction and feeds back the real-time operation information of the vehicle 2.1; the vehicle body 2.11 carries passengers or goods and integrates the above facilities and equipment into a whole, as shown in fig. 5 and 6. The length of the vehicle 2.1 is 10-22 m, the width is 2.4-3.2 m, and the height is 2.4-3.8 m. Each vehicle can be used for containing 20-200 persons. The shop connection device 2.2 facilitates train marshalling or un-marshalling, including the windshield 2.21 and coupler connector 2.22, as shown in fig. 5. The train 2 can be marshalled into 2-8 sections or more sections according to the operation requirement.
The running gear 3 of the superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system mainly comprises a steering gear 3.1, a vibration damping mechanism 3.2, a framework 3.3, a buffer device 3.4, a suspension frame 3.5, a skid 3.6 and the like, and the components are connected and matched through bolts or pins, as shown in figures 7, 8 and 9. The steering device 3.1 can connect the vehicle 2.1 and the running device 3 into a whole and support the vehicle 2.1; the framework 3.3 is in pin joint with two or more sets of suspension frames 3.5, and the suspension frames 3.5 can horizontally and flexibly rotate relative to the framework 3.3; the vibration damping mechanism 3.2 and the steering device 3.1 play a role of bearing the vehicle 2.1 together according to an average proportion, so that the vibration in the running process of the vehicle can be reduced, and the vehicle 2.1 can run stably; the buffer device 3.4 can relieve the impact of the running device 3 in the running process and ensure the stable running of the train 2; the skid 3.6 assists the train braking in the braking process of the train 2, and the skid 3.6 which can be lifted and stretched can be used for supporting the train 2.1 when the train is in a non-suspension state. Each embedded superconducting maglev track train 2 is provided with two sets of running devices 3.
The power supply system 4 of the superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system is laid on the inner side of the groove-shaped track bed 1.3 along the line system 1 and embedded in the line system 1, and is safe and reliable, as shown in fig. 3.
The suspension guide device 5 of the superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system mainly comprises a permanent magnetic track 5.1 and a superconducting magnetic levitation device 5.2, as shown in fig. 10. The permanent magnet track 5.1 is used for generating a stable magnetic field and is continuously paved at the bottom of the groove-shaped track bed 1.3 of the line system 1 along the line. The superconducting magnetic suspension device 5.2 is arranged at two sides of the bottom of the running device 3, and when the superconducting magnetic suspension device 5.2 enters a superconducting state, the superconducting magnetic suspension device can have stable suspension and self-guiding functions by matching with the action of a magnetic field generated by the permanent magnet track 5.1. The utility model discloses a double track permanent magnetism track 5.1, the horizontal centre-to-centre spacing of magnetic track (gauge track) can be designed as 600 ~ 2400mm according to the demand. The maximum suspension force of each superconducting magnetic suspension device 5.2 on the permanent magnetic track 5.1 can be selected from 2000N to 5000N. Each vehicle can be provided with 32-64 sets of superconducting magnetic suspension devices according to the requirement.
The traction brake system 6 of the superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system is mainly divided into two parts, namely a line stator 6.1 and a vehicle-mounted rotor 6.2, as shown in fig. 10. The line stator 6.1 is continuously laid on the inner wall of the groove-shaped ballast bed 1.3 of the line system 1 and is hung above the inner wall of the line in an embedded mode. The vehicle-mounted rotors 6.2 are mounted on a suspension frame 3.5 of the traveling devices 3, and four sets of vehicle-mounted rotors 6.2 are configured on each traveling device 3. And a sliding rail 6.3 arranged at the bottom of the groove-shaped track bed 1.3 of the line system 1 is used for being matched with a skid 3.6 of the walking device 3 to assist the braking or parking of the train 2. The maximum grade of climbing of the superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system can reach 100 per thousand.
The operation control signal system 7 of the superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system controls the start, acceleration, running, braking and stopping of the train 2. The operation control signal system 7 is composed of a track cable 7.1 and a vehicle-mounted annunciator 7.2. The track cable 7.1 is embedded in the bottom of the groove-shaped track bed 1.3 of the line system 1 and is continuously laid along the line; one car annunciator 7.2 is provided for each car as shown in fig. 10. The utility model discloses a train 2 can also be by manual control according to setting for the autopilot procedure.
An inward concave groove type track bed 1.3 of the embedded superconducting magnetic suspension track traffic line system 1 needs to be provided with a drainage system 8.1; meanwhile, in order to ensure the cleanness and sanitation of the lines, trains and devices along the lines, a water supply device 8.2 is arranged for decontamination, dirt collection and green and environmental protection of the system maintenance, as shown in fig. 12.
The overhaul and maintenance channel 9 of the superconducting magnetic levitation embedded type track traffic line and train system is arranged at the bottom of an inner groove of the groove-shaped track bed 1.3, and is used for train inspection personnel and detection, maintenance and maintenance instruments or equipment to overhaul, maintain and maintain the line and accessory facilities. The maintenance channel 9 is a double channel in the groove type track bed 1.3 and is designed as a double-line four-channel in the line system 1, so that large-scale machinery and devices can pass through the maintenance channel, and complex engineering operation is completed.
The utility model provides a central authorities' life safety passageway 10.1 width is 1.2 ~ 2.4 m. The width of the independent life safety channel 10.2 is not less than 1m, and meets the requirements of the rail transit design specifications, as shown in fig. 12. In emergency, the overhaul and maintenance channel 9 can also be used as a life safety channel for evacuating passengers, and the life safety channel 10 and the overhaul and maintenance channel 9 form a 'safety double channel', so that the safety risk can be effectively reduced, and the life safety of the passengers can be ensured.
The whole line of the line and train system adopts an overhead laying and totally-enclosed structure. The line system can adopt single line or double line construction according to the requirement. The circuit system adopts a unique inverted omega-shaped or double inverted omega-shaped groove type ballast bed, and a single-groove ballast bed or a double-groove conjoined combined ballast bed can be arranged in the transverse direction of the circuit.
The utility model discloses a train is to carry on passenger, delivery luggage, also or loads the main device that bears of goods, and train and rail system and affiliated facilities contactless, frictionless, do not have wearing and tearing, and keep 10 ~ 30 mm's clearance between the two, and the windage is little, and the noiselessness accords with modern rail train's design theory.
The running device of the line and train system is a running and steering executing component of the superconducting magnetic suspension rail transit system and is used for supporting the vehicle, reducing the vibration in the running process of the vehicle and enabling the vehicle to run stably; the running device is completely embedded in the inverted omega-shaped track bed in the line, stable suspension is realized, the running is quiet, and the minimum turning radius of the embedded superconducting maglev track train can be designed to be 50m or even smaller so as to meet the application requirements of special or complex area environments.
And the power supply system of the line and train system is responsible for supplying power to the traction braking system. The utility model provides a power supply system can adopt the sectional type power supply mode, and power supply efficiency is high, the loss is little, is superior to concentrated power supply mode. The supply voltage can be selected from DC1500V or DC 750V.
The suspension guider of above-mentioned circuit and train system is suspension, the direction main part of magnetic levitation track traffic system, the utility model discloses a superconductive magnetic levitation device first-selected high temperature superconducting technology also can select low temperature superconducting technology according to the demand. The superconducting magnetic levitation technology is superior to the normal magnetic levitation, can realize the passive self-stabilization levitation and self-guidance functions, has no electromagnetic noise and no radiation, and is the first choice of the new generation of magnetic levitation track traffic. The utility model discloses a suspension guider's work suspension height D is 10 ~ 30mm, as shown in FIG. 11.
The traction braking system of the line and train system is a driving and braking part of the superconducting magnetic suspension rail transit system. The traction brake device of the utility model is distributed on both sides of the train, and has strong driving capability; meanwhile, the horizontal torque in the running process of the train can be effectively reduced, the shaking of the train is reduced, the running stability and the running quality are improved, and the method is different from a middle-set single driving mode. The utility model discloses a traction brake system's work drive clearance d is 10 ~ 30mm, as shown in FIG. 11.
The maintenance passageway of above-mentioned circuit and train system is maintained changes the maintenance mode that the magnetism floats the track and put outward in the past, the utility model discloses an overhaul and maintain the passageway and set up in the inner groovy bottom of cell type railway roadbed, conveniently examine personnel's safety, concentrate on to circuit and affiliated facilities and overhaul the operation and maintain, the staff only needs miniature maintenance equipment of operation or portable instrument, can accomplish complicated loaded down with trivial details detection repair work, need not large-scale road maintenance machinery or vehicle, the utility model discloses a technological novelty and advanced salient have embodied people oriented, economic efficient theory.
The utility model discloses a life safety passageway adopts the design mode of "dual fail-safe": the life safety channel of the double-line trough type track bed is arranged in the middle of a line and in a public area between two trough type track beds and is called as a central life safety channel; the life safety channels of the single-line trough type track bed are arranged on two sides of the line and are called independent life safety channels. Meanwhile, the overhaul and maintenance channel can also be used as a life safety channel for evacuating passengers, so that the safety risk is effectively reduced, and the personal life safety is ensured. The utility model discloses concentrate on fail safe nature and fully embodied life supreme, safe first principle.

Claims (10)

1. A superconducting magnetic suspension embedded track traffic line and train system is characterized in that: including line system, train, running gear, power supply system, suspension guider, traction braking system and fortune accuse signal system, wherein:
the line and train system adopts a superconducting magnetic suspension system;
the line system comprises an overhead pier and a groove-shaped ballast bed with an upward opening and an inverted omega-shaped section;
the train is formed by grouping at least two vehicles through a workshop connecting device, each vehicle is provided with two sets of running devices, and each running device comprises a steering device, a vibration damping mechanism, a framework, a suspension frame and a skid;
the power supply system is laid on the inner side of the groove-shaped ballast bed along the line system and is embedded into the line system;
the suspension guide device comprises a permanent magnet track and a superconducting magnetic suspension device, the permanent magnet track is laid at the bottom of the groove-shaped track bed, and the superconducting magnetic suspension device is arranged on two sides of the bottom of the running device;
the traction braking system comprises a line stator and a vehicle-mounted rotor, wherein the line stator is continuously laid on the inner wall of the groove-shaped track bed and is embedded and hung above the inner wall of the line, the vehicle-mounted rotor is arranged on a suspension frame of a walking device, and each walking device is provided with four sets of vehicle-mounted rotors;
the operation control signal system comprises a track cable and a vehicle-mounted signal device, the track cable is embedded in the bottom of the groove-shaped track bed and is continuously laid along a line, and each vehicle is provided with one vehicle-mounted signal device.
2. The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the groove-shaped ballast bed is a single groove ballast bed or a double groove connected combination and is connected with the elevated bridge pier through a bridge bed support capable of sliding longitudinally, and the height of the bridge pier is 5 m.
3. The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the running gear is completely embedded in an inverted omega-shaped ballast bed in the line.
4. The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: each section of the vehicle is 10-22 m long, 2.4-3.2 m wide, 2.4-3.8 m high, and 20-200 passengers are carried.
5. The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and a buffer device is arranged between the framework and the suspension frame.
6. The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the skid is a liftable and telescopic skid, and a sliding rail matched with the skid is arranged at the bottom of the groove-shaped ballast bed.
7. The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the permanent magnet track is a double-track permanent magnet track, the transverse center distance of the magnetic tracks is 600-2400 mm, the maximum suspension force of each set of superconducting magnetic suspension device on the permanent magnet track is 2000N-5000N, and each vehicle is provided with 32-64 sets of superconducting magnetic suspension devices.
8. The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the work suspension height of the suspension guide device is 10-30 mm, and the work driving clearance of the traction braking system is 10-30 mm.
9. The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the groove-type ballast bed is characterized in that a water supply and drainage environment-friendly system and an overhauling and maintaining channel are arranged at the bottom of an inner groove of the groove-type ballast bed, and the overhauling and maintaining channel is a bidirectional four-channel.
10. The superconducting magnetic levitation embedded track traffic line and train system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the groove type ballast bed is characterized in that a life safety channel is arranged above the groove type ballast bed and comprises a central life safety channel and independent life safety channels, wherein the central life safety channel is arranged in the middle of the groove type ballast bed and is 1.2-2.4 m in width, and the independent life safety channels are arranged on two sides of the groove type ballast bed and are 1-1.2 m in width.
CN202021276544.8U 2020-07-03 2020-07-03 Superconducting magnetic suspension embedded track traffic line and train system Active CN212670151U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111733637A (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-10-02 九洲运通(北京)超导新技术产业发展有限公司 Superconducting magnetic suspension embedded track traffic line and train system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111733637A (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-10-02 九洲运通(北京)超导新技术产业发展有限公司 Superconducting magnetic suspension embedded track traffic line and train system

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