CN212331538U - Plastic garbage crushing device - Google Patents

Plastic garbage crushing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212331538U
CN212331538U CN202020965566.9U CN202020965566U CN212331538U CN 212331538 U CN212331538 U CN 212331538U CN 202020965566 U CN202020965566 U CN 202020965566U CN 212331538 U CN212331538 U CN 212331538U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
roller set
box
filter
crushing roller
plastic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN202020965566.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾巧红
陈宝丰
曾映军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Baojieheng Environmental Industry Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Baojieheng Environmental Industry Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Baojieheng Environmental Industry Co ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Baojieheng Environmental Industry Co ltd
Priority to CN202020965566.9U priority Critical patent/CN212331538U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN212331538U publication Critical patent/CN212331538U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of refuse handling installation's technique and specifically relates to a plastic refuse breaker is related to. The technical key points are as follows: the plastic crushing box comprises a box body, be provided with in the box and be close to the broken roller set of coarse level of box upper end, be provided with the broken roller set of fine level in the box, the incision of the broken roller set of coarse level is greater than the incision of the broken roller set of fine level, the broken roller set of fine level is located the below of the broken roller set of coarse level, be provided with between broken roller set of coarse level and the broken roller set of fine level and be used for sieving great plastic fragment to screening structure on the incision of the broken roller set of fine level, be provided with on the box and be used for the drive the driving piece of the broken roller set of coarse level and the broken. The utility model discloses its advantage lies in can be better with the broken minimizing of plastic refuse to be convenient for transportation and post processing.

Description

Plastic garbage crushing device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of refuse handling installation's technique and specifically relates to a plastic refuse breaker is related to.
Background
With the acceleration of the pace of life of people, social life is developing towards convenience and sanitation. In order to meet such demands, disposable plastic lunch boxes, plastic bags, chopsticks, water cups, etc. have started to frequently enter people's daily lives. The appearance of the packaging materials with convenient use and low price brings great convenience to the life of people. On the other hand, these packaging materials are often discarded after use, causing "white contamination", which is a serious environmental problem, and forms an environmental hazard and needs to be broken during disposal.
At present, most of plastic recycling processing and reusing processes use a crusher, recycled plastic is thrown into the crusher and can be further processed after being crushed into small particles. The plastic crusher drives the movable cutter head to rotate at a high speed through the motor, and the movable cutter and the fixed cutter move relatively in the high-speed rotating process to form a cut for crushing and shearing plastic by utilizing the gap formed between the movable cutter and the fixed cutter, so that large plastic blocks are crushed.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: when rubbish is pulled in a breaking mode, plastic rubbish is irregular when entering the notch, and large plastic blocks inevitably exist in broken plastic rubbish, so that more space can be occupied, transportation is inconvenient, and meanwhile follow-up treatment is also inconvenient, so that improvement is needed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a plastic refuse breaker, its advantage lies in can be better with the broken minimizing of plastic refuse to be convenient for transportation and post processing.
The above technical purpose of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions: the utility model provides a plastic refuse breaker, includes the box, be provided with in the box and be close to the broken roller set of coarse level of box upper end, be provided with the broken roller set of fine level in the box, the incision of the broken roller set of coarse level is greater than the incision of the broken roller set of fine level, the broken roller set of fine level is located the below of the broken roller set of coarse level, be provided with between the broken roller set of coarse level and the broken roller set of fine level and be used for sieving great plastic fragment to reach screening structure on the incision of the broken roller set of fine level, be provided with on the box and be used for the drive the driving piece of the broken roller set of coarse level and the broken roller.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the feeder hopper is put into to the plastic refuse that will handle, start the driving piece simultaneously, plastic refuse drops on the incision of coarse level broken roller set and is smashed from the lower extreme opening of feeder hopper, the plastic fragment after the first time breakage drops on the screening structure, because plastic refuse is irregular when getting into the incision, the plastic refuse after the breakage is except there being some great plastic fragments, still there are some little plastic fragments, these little plastic fragments are filtered the bottom of box by the screening structure, and great plastic fragment is then sent to the incision top of fine level broken roller set by the screening structure, and carry out the secondary crushing, broken back plastic fragment is dropping bottom the box, so, can be better with the plastic refuse breakage minimizing, thereby be convenient for transportation and post processing.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the screening structure is including being arranged in the box slope setting downwards be used for accepting and filtering the filter of the plastics of breakage for less granule, be provided with a plurality of filtration pore on the filter, the filter is located between coarse crushing roller set and the fine crushing roller set, just the filter keep away from self with the one end of box link is located the notched top of fine crushing roller set.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, less plastic fragment directly drops to the bottom half through crossing the filtration pore after dropping on the filter plate, and great plastic fragment then falls into the broken roller set of fine level along the filter, so can carry out the filtration screening to the plastic refuse after the broken roller set of coarse level, only carries out the secondary breakage to great plastic fragment for work efficiency avoids the wasting of resources.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the filter is close to the one end of box is articulated to be set up, the filter other end is provided with rocks the spring, it keeps away from to rock the spring the one end fixed connection of filter in the inside wall of box, the lower surface of filter is provided with the vibrator.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the spring is rocked in the vibrator cooperation makes whole filter can shake to accelerate filtration efficiency and accelerate the speed of great plastics fragment landing, and then accelerate crushing efficiency.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the number of the rocking springs is two, and the rocking springs are arranged at intervals along the length direction of the side edge of the filter plate far away from the hinged end of the filter plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, two are rocked the spring and are made the filter take place to rock the time more stable, ensure that work is done.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the filter box is characterized in that a material guide plate is obliquely and downwards arranged in the box body, the material guide plate is opposite to the filter plate, and the end part of the material guide plate is positioned above the connecting position of the filter plate and the box body.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the setting of stock guide can spill the plastic fragment to the filter and keep away from the one end of smart broken roller set for the plastic fragment can stay more time on the filter, thereby carries out the filter effect better to the plastic fragment.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the box is provided with the feeder hopper of the shape of the inverted V, and the lower end opening of the feeder hopper is close to and located above the notch of the coarse crushing roller set.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the setting of the feeder hopper of the shape of falling the splayed can directly collect plastic refuse on the incision of the broken roller set of coarse level, avoids plastic refuse from both sides blanking.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the lateral wall of box is provided with the breach, it has to stretch into to slide the complex grafting in the breach the inside collecting box of box.
By adopting the technical scheme, the collection box is convenient to collect the plastic garbage fragments.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the lower extreme of collecting box is provided with a plurality of casters of stopping of taking, the outside of collecting box is provided with the handle.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the convenient collecting box that removes and change that sets up of truckle and handle are stopped in the area.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a following at least one useful technological effect:
1. the plastic garbage to be treated is placed into the feed hopper, the driving part is started at the same time, the plastic garbage falls onto the notch of the coarse-level crushing roller set from the lower end opening of the feed hopper and is crushed, plastic fragments after primary crushing fall onto the screening structure, the plastic garbage is irregular when entering the notch, the crushed plastic garbage can have small plastic fragments besides large plastic fragments, the small plastic fragments are filtered to the bottom of the box body by the screening structure, the large plastic fragments are conveyed to the upper part of the notch of the fine-level crushing roller set by the screening structure and are crushed for the second time, and the crushed plastic fragments fall onto the bottom of the box body;
2. the vibrator is matched with the shaking spring to shake the whole filter plate, so that the filtering efficiency is increased, the sliding speed of large plastic fragments is increased, and the crushing efficiency is increased.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of the embodiment of the present invention after a part of the box body is cut away;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the present invention after the protective covers on the coarse crushing roller set are hidden.
Reference numerals: 1. a box body; 11. a feed hopper; 12. a coarse crushing roller set; 121. a rotating shaft; 13. a fine crushing roller set; 14. a notch; 2. a drive member; 21. a drive motor; 22. a driving gear; 23. a driven gear; 24. a support plate; 25. a protective cover; 3. a material guide plate; 4. a filter plate; 41. shaking the spring; 42. a filtration pore; 43. a vibrator; 5. a collection box; 51. a caster with a brake; 52. a handle; 53. a hasp is provided.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, for the utility model discloses a plastic refuse breaker, including the box 1 of vertical setting, box 1 is the upper end opening setting, and the upper end opening part of box 1 is provided with the feeder hopper 11 of the splayed that falls, and feeder hopper 11 is located box 1, and the lower extreme opening of feeder hopper 11 is partial to one side of box 1. The level is provided with the broken roller set 12 of coarse level that is close to box 1 upper end in the box 1, the incision of the broken roller set 12 of coarse level is close to and is located the lower extreme open-ended below of feeder hopper 11, it is corresponding, the broken roller set 12 of coarse level is also partial to one side of box 1, it is provided with the broken roller set 13 of fine level still to level in the below of the broken roller set 12 of coarse level, and the broken roller set 13 of fine level is located same vertical plane with the broken roller set 12 of coarse level, the incision of the broken roller set 12 of coarse level is greater than the incision of the broken roller set 13 of fine. The same side of the outer side surface of the box body 1 is correspondingly provided with a driving piece 2 for driving the coarse crushing roller group 12 and the fine crushing roller group 13 respectively.
Referring to fig. 3, for the driving member 2 on the coarse crushing roller group 12, two rotating shafts 121 of the coarse crushing roller group 12 both movably penetrate through the box body 1 and extend out of the box body 1 from the same side wall of the box body 1, the driving member 2 includes a driving motor 21, an output shaft of the driving motor 21 is fixedly connected with one rotating shaft 121 in the coarse crushing roller group 12, a driving gear 22 is fixedly arranged on the rotating shaft 121, and a driven gear 23 meshed with the driving gear 22 is arranged on the other rotating shaft 121 in the coarse crushing roller group 12. Meanwhile, a support plate 24 is horizontally arranged on the outer side wall of the box body 1, the driving motor 21 is fixed on the support plate 24, and a protective cover 25 for covering the driving gear 22 and the driven gear 23 is further arranged on the support plate 24. The construction is similar for the drives 2 on the fine crushing roller set 13 and on the coarse crushing roller set 12.
Referring to fig. 2, a guide plate 3 and a filter plate 4 are obliquely and downwardly arranged inside the box body 1 between the coarse crushing roller set 12 and the fine crushing roller set 13, the guide plate 3 is arranged opposite to the filter plate 4, and the guide plate 3 is arranged above the filter plate 4. The material guide plate 3 is fixedly connected with the box body 1, the material guide plate 3 is connected with the inner wall, close to the roll surface, of the box body 1 of the coarse crushing roller group 12, and a gap for blanking is formed between the end part of the material guide plate 3 and the inner wall of the box body 1.
Referring to fig. 2, the filter 4 is used for accepting and filtering the plastics of breakage for less granule, and the one end of filter 4 is articulated with the inner wall of box 1, and the filter 4 other end is provided with rocks spring 41, and the one end that the filter 4 kept away from the hinged end is located the notched top of fine broken roller set 13, is provided with a plurality of on the filter 4 near the face of the half of hinged end and crosses filter hole 42, and the middle part position department of the lower surface of filter 4 is provided with the vibrator 43 that is used for rotating the filter plate. Rock the one end fixed connection that spring 41 kept away from filter 4 in the inside wall of box 1, rock spring 41 and upwards set up from the one end of connecting filter 4 to the other end slope, in this embodiment, rock the quantity of spring 41 and be two, rock spring 41 along the length direction interval arrangement of the side that self hinged end was kept away from to filter 4 for two.
Referring to fig. 3, in addition, the lateral wall of box 1 is provided with breach 14, breach 14 is located the same one side of box 1 with driving piece 2, the complex grafting that slides in breach 14 has the collecting box 5 that stretches into the box 1 inside, the lower extreme of collecting box 5 is provided with a plurality of casters 51 of stopping of taking, in this embodiment, the quantity of the caster 51 of stopping of taking is four, four casters 51 of stopping of taking distribute on four corners of collecting box 5, the outside of collecting box 5 is provided with handle 52, and simultaneously, be provided with hasp 53 on the lateral wall of box 1, collecting box 5 can realize fast and the locking between the box 1 through hasp 53.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: putting the plastic garbage to be treated into the feed hopper 11, starting the driving motor 21 and the vibrator 43 at the same time, dropping the plastic garbage onto the notch of the coarse crushing roller group 12 from the lower end opening of the feed hopper 11 and crushing the plastic garbage, dropping the plastic fragments after the first crushing onto the material guide plate 3 and dropping onto the filter plate along the material guide plate 3, wherein the plastic garbage is irregular when entering the notch, the crushed plastic garbage has some small plastic fragments besides some large plastic fragments, the small plastic fragments directly enter the collection box 5 through the filter holes 42 along the filter plate 4, and the large plastic fragments drop above the notch of the fine crushing roller group 13 along the filter plate 4 and are crushed for the second time, the crushed plastic fragments directly drop into the collection box 5, and when the collection box 5 is full, opening the hasp 53 and pulling out the collection box 5 through the handle 52, then the collection box 5 which is empty is replaced to continue working.
The embodiment of this specific implementation mode is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limit according to this the utility model discloses a protection scope, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the utility model are covered within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a plastic refuse breaker which characterized in that: including box (1), be provided with in box (1) and be close to coarse crushing roller set (12) of box (1) upper end, be provided with fine crushing roller set (13) in box (1), the incision of coarse crushing roller set (12) is greater than the incision of fine crushing roller set (13), fine crushing roller set (13) are located the below of coarse crushing roller set (12), be provided with between coarse crushing roller set (12) and fine crushing roller set (13) and be used for sieving great plastic fragment to screening structure on the incision of fine crushing roller set (13), be provided with on box (1) and be used for the drive driving piece (2) of coarse crushing roller set (12) and fine crushing roller set (13).
2. A plastic waste crushing apparatus according to claim 1 wherein: screening structure is including being arranged in box (1) the slope set up downwards be used for accepting and filtering filter (4) of broken plastics for less granule, be provided with a plurality of filtration pore (42) on filter (4), filter (4) are located between coarse crushing roller set (12) and fine crushing roller set (13), just filter (4) keep away from self with the one end of box (1) link is located the notched top of fine crushing roller set (13).
3. A plastic waste crushing apparatus according to claim 2 wherein: the utility model discloses a refrigerator, including box (1), filter (4), spring (41) are rocked to the filter other end, the filter (4) are close to the articulated setting of one end of box (1), the spring (41) are kept away from to rock the one end fixed connection of filter (4) in the inside wall of box (1), the lower surface of filter (4) is provided with vibrator (43).
4. A plastic waste crushing apparatus according to claim 3 wherein: the number of the shaking springs (41) is two, and the two shaking springs (41) are arranged at intervals along the length direction of the side edge of the filter plate (4) far away from the hinged end of the filter plate.
5. A plastic waste crushing apparatus according to claim 2 or 3, wherein: the filter box is characterized in that a material guide plate (3) is obliquely and downwards arranged in the box body (1), the material guide plate (3) and the filter plate (4) are oppositely arranged, and the end part of the material guide plate (3) is positioned above the connecting position of the filter plate (4) and the box body (1).
6. A plastic waste crushing apparatus according to claim 1 wherein: be provided with feeder hopper (11) of the shape of the inverted V in box (1), the lower extreme opening of feeder hopper (11) is close to and is located the notched top of coarse crushing roller set (12).
7. A plastic waste crushing apparatus according to claim 6 wherein: the side wall of the box body (1) is provided with a notch (14), and a collection box (5) extending into the box body (1) is inserted into the notch (14) in a sliding fit manner.
8. A plastic waste crushing apparatus according to claim 7 wherein: the lower end of the collection box (5) is provided with a plurality of caster wheels (51) with brakes, and the outer side of the collection box (5) is provided with a handle (52).
CN202020965566.9U 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 Plastic garbage crushing device Expired - Fee Related CN212331538U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020965566.9U CN212331538U (en) 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 Plastic garbage crushing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020965566.9U CN212331538U (en) 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 Plastic garbage crushing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212331538U true CN212331538U (en) 2021-01-12

Family

ID=74075426

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020965566.9U Expired - Fee Related CN212331538U (en) 2020-05-30 2020-05-30 Plastic garbage crushing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212331538U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20210112

Termination date: 20210530

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee