CN212305805U - Full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit board - Google Patents

Full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212305805U
CN212305805U CN202021037352.1U CN202021037352U CN212305805U CN 212305805 U CN212305805 U CN 212305805U CN 202021037352 U CN202021037352 U CN 202021037352U CN 212305805 U CN212305805 U CN 212305805U
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vacuum suction
circuit board
conveying track
mechanical arm
conveying
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CN202021037352.1U
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田江峰
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Suzhou Tonghou Electronic Technology Co ltd
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Suzhou Tonghou Electronic Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards, which comprises a frame, wherein the upper part of the frame is provided with a working platform, the working platform is sequentially provided with a raw material plate placing platform, a first industrial camera, a first conveying track, a second industrial camera, a second mechanical arm and a third conveying track from one side to the other side, the working platforms at the two sides of the first conveying track are provided with a first mechanical arm corresponding to the raw material plate placing platform and the second mechanical arm, the working platform is also provided with an automatic circuit board carrier clamping device corresponding to the first conveying track, the second conveying track and the third conveying track respectively, wherein, the semi-product circuit boards which are subjected to one-time reflow soldering and are subjected to surface mounting at one time are turned over through the cooperation of the first mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm, so that the staff required by a circuit board production line is reduced, the workload of workers is reduced, the conveying speed and the turnover speed in the whole process are fixed, and the production efficiency is improved.

Description

Full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit board
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a corollary equipment for circuit board surface mounting, concretely relates to a full-automatic flitch machine for circuit board surface mounting.
Background
When the traditional circuit board surface mounting equipment is used for producing a double-sided circuit board, a circuit board to be mounted needs to be manually loaded into an auxiliary carrier and then loaded onto an A-side mounting transmission rail, after the mounting is completed on one side of the circuit board, the circuit board with one side being mounted is conveyed into a reflow soldering furnace, after the circuit board with one side being mounted is subjected to reflow soldering, the circuit board with one side being mounted needs to be manually disassembled from the auxiliary carrier, then the circuit board is manually turned over, the circuit board with one side being mounted and the other side being mounted is loaded into the auxiliary carrier (wherein, the side to be mounted faces upwards), and then the circuit board with the other side being mounted is conveyed into the reflow soldering furnace, the assembly and mounting of the two sides of the double-sided circuit board are completed, a large number of workers are needed in the whole production process, and the workload of the worker is large, the speed of assembling and mounting the two surfaces of the double-sided circuit board corresponds to the working efficiency and state of the worker, and the production efficiency is reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the technical problem, we propose a full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of a circuit board, which aims to: the circuit board production line has the advantages that the number of required workers is reduced, the workload of the workers is reduced, and the production efficiency is improved.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
a full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of a circuit board comprises a rack, wherein a working platform is arranged at the upper part of the rack, a raw material plate placing platform, a first industrial camera, a first conveying rail, a second industrial camera, a second manipulator and a third conveying rail are sequentially arranged on the working platform from one side to the other side, and first manipulators corresponding to the raw material plate placing platform and the second manipulator are arranged on the working platforms at the two sides of the first conveying rail;
the first conveying rail, the second conveying rail and the third conveying rail respectively comprise a width adjusting mechanism arranged on the working platform, two mutually parallel and symmetrical conveying belt supports are arranged on the width adjusting mechanism, conveying belts are rotatably sleeved on the conveying belt supports, a driving motor for driving the conveying belts to transmit is arranged on the side portions of the conveying belt supports, and automatic circuit board carrier clamping devices are arranged on the working platform between the two conveying belt supports of the first conveying rail, the second conveying rail and the third conveying rail;
the first mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm both comprise four-axis mechanical arms, a vacuum suction frame is arranged on a telescopic working rod of each four-axis mechanical arm, at least one vacuum suction device is rotationally arranged on the vacuum suction frame, a servo motor for driving the at least one vacuum suction device to rotate is further arranged on the vacuum suction frame, and at least two laser ranging sensors are further arranged on the four-axis mechanical arms;
an electric control box which is electrically connected with the width adjusting mechanism, the first industrial camera, the second industrial camera, the driving motor, the automatic clamping device of the circuit board carrier, the vacuumizing device of the vacuum suction device, the servo motor and the at least two laser ranging sensors is arranged in the machine frame below the working platform.
Preferably, the vacuum suction device has two rows of mutually symmetrical vacuum suction heads.
Preferably, the number of laser ranging sensors is two.
According to another embodiment of the present invention, the number of the vacuum suction devices of the first robot and the second robot is one.
According to the utility model discloses a quantity is two for the vacuum suction device of first manipulator, and the orientation direction mutually perpendicular of two vacuum suction devices of first manipulator, and the quantity of the vacuum suction device of second manipulator is one.
According to the technical scheme, the second conveying rail conveys the raw material plates to the surface A mounting transmission rail and receives the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting, the third conveying rail conveys the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting to the surface B mounting transmission rail, and the circuit board carrier automatic clamping device can control whether the second conveying rail and the third conveying rail are in contact with each other or not and can clamp and release the spring assembly of the spring hook of the carrier, so that the actions of manually loading and unloading the circuit board and collecting the carrier are replaced; the side surface of the circuit board can be accurately adsorbed by the vacuum suction device, the circuit board can be moved by the first mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm, the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to reflow soldering once and is pasted by one side can be turned by the cooperation of the first mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm, the raw material board is placed in the raw material board placing platform only by manpower, the number of workers required by a circuit board production line is reduced, the workload of the workers is reduced, the conveying speed and the turning speed in the whole process are fixed, the interference of human factors is reduced, the production efficiency is improved, wherein at least two laser ranging sensors are further arranged on the four-axis mechanical arm, the at least two laser ranging sensors detect the raw material board or the matching condition between the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to reflow soldering once and is pasted by one side and a carrier, and a detection result is sent to the next process, need not artifical proofreading raw materials board or through a reflow soldering and the cooperation condition between semi-manufactured goods circuit board that the dress was accomplished to one side and the carrier, further reduced staff's work load.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a full-automatic board pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic front view of a full-automatic board pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards according to embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic bottom view of a combination of a vacuum suction frame and a vacuum suction device of a full-automatic board pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards according to embodiment 2 of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a combined vacuum suction frame and vacuum suction device of a full-automatic board pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards according to embodiment 2 of the present invention;
the corresponding part names indicated by the numbers and letters in the drawings:
1. the automatic clamping device comprises a rack 11, a working platform 21, a raw material plate placing platform 22, a first industrial camera 25, a second industrial camera 31, a width adjusting mechanism 32, a conveying belt bracket 33, a driving motor 34, an automatic circuit board carrier clamping device 41, a four-shaft manipulator 42, a vacuum suction frame 43, a vacuum suction device 44, a servo motor 5 and an electric control box.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The following describes the embodiments of the present invention in further detail with reference to the schematic drawings.
Example 1.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards comprises a frame 1, wherein a working platform 11 is arranged on the upper portion of the frame 1, a raw material plate placing platform 21, a first industrial camera 22, a first conveying rail, a second industrial camera 25, a second manipulator and a third conveying rail are sequentially arranged on the working platform 11 from one side to the other side, and the first manipulator corresponding to the raw material plate placing platform 21 and the second manipulator is arranged on the working platform 11 on the two sides of the first conveying rail.
First delivery track, second delivery track and third delivery track are all including installing accent wide mechanism 31 on work platform 11, transfer and are equipped with two conveyer belt support 32 that are parallel to each other and symmetry on the wide mechanism 31, and the conveyer belt has all been cup jointed in the rotation on conveyer belt support 32, and the lateral part of conveyer belt support 32 is equipped with drive conveyer belt driven driving motor 33, work platform 11 between two conveyer belt support 32 of first delivery track, second delivery track and third delivery track all is equipped with circuit board carrier automatic clamping device 34.
First manipulator and second manipulator all include four-axis manipulator 41, are equipped with vacuum suction frame 42 on four-axis manipulator 41's the flexible working beam, and vacuum suction frame 42 is rotatory to be equipped with a vacuum suction device 43, and vacuum suction frame 42 still is equipped with the rotatory servo motor 44 of drive vacuum suction device 43, still is equipped with two laser rangefinder sensors on the four-axis manipulator 41, constitutes a two laser rangefinder through two laser rangefinder sensors, and range finding data is more accurate.
An electric control box 5 which is electrically connected with the width adjusting mechanism 31, the first industrial camera 22, the second industrial camera 25, the driving motor 33, the automatic circuit board carrier clamping device 34, the vacuumizing device of the vacuum suction device 43, the servo motor 44 and the two laser ranging sensors is arranged in the machine frame 1 below the working platform 11, and setting and control of workers are facilitated.
The vacuum suction device 43 has two rows of vacuum suction heads which are symmetrical to each other, and ensures balance in suction.
The basic working principle of the full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of the circuit board is as follows: the second conveying track conveys the raw material plates to the surface A mounting transmission track and receives the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting, the third conveying track conveys the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting to the surface B mounting transmission track, and the circuit board carrier automatic clamping device 34 can control whether the second conveying track and the third conveying track are in contact or not and can clamp and release the spring assembly of the spring hook of the carrier, so that the actions of manually loading and unloading the circuit board and collecting the carrier are replaced; the side surface of the circuit board can be accurately adsorbed by the vacuum suction device 43, and then the first mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm move, and the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to reflow soldering and is pasted with the surface can be turned over by the cooperation of the first mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm, only the raw material plate needs to be manually placed in the raw material plate placing platform 21, so that the number of workers required by a circuit board production line is reduced, the workload of the workers is reduced, the conveying speed and the turning speed in the whole process are fixed, the interference of human factors is reduced, the production efficiency is improved, wherein at least two laser ranging sensors are further arranged on the four-axis mechanical arm, the at least two laser ranging sensors detect the matching condition between the raw material plate or the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to reflow soldering and is pasted with the carrier, and a detection result is sent to the next process, need not artifical proofreading raw materials board or through a reflow soldering and the cooperation condition between semi-manufactured goods circuit board that the dress was accomplished to one side and the carrier, further reduced staff's work load.
The specific working process of the full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of the circuit board is as follows:
A. resetting the first manipulator and the second manipulator;
B. the servo motor 44 of the first manipulator adjusts the orientation of the vacuum suction device 43, the first manipulator pushes the vacuum suction device 43 to be tightly attached to the raw material plate and sucks the raw material plate, and the servo motor 44 of the second manipulator adjusts the orientation of the vacuum suction device 43 to the first manipulator;
C. the first manipulator moves the raw material plate to the first industrial camera 22, shooting and data verification are carried out on the raw material plate through the first industrial camera 22, and the second manipulator is in standby;
D. jacking the carrier and clamping a spring assembly of a spring hook of the carrier by a circuit board carrier automatic clamping device 34 of a second conveying track, then placing the raw material plate in the carrier on a conveying belt bracket 32 of the second conveying track by a first manipulator according to data verification of a first industrial camera 22, then loosening the spring assembly of the spring hook of the carrier by the circuit board carrier automatic clamping device 34 of the second conveying track, pulling the raw material plate by the spring hook and fixing the raw material plate, then detecting the matching condition between the raw material plate and the carrier by two laser ranging sensors of the first manipulator, signaling the detection result to the next process, finally conveying the carrier provided with the raw material plate to an A-side attaching transmission track by the second conveying track through a conveying belt, and waiting by the second manipulator;
E. the conveyor belt of the second conveying track receives a carrier loaded with a semi-product circuit board which is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting, the carrier is jacked up through the automatic circuit board carrier clamping device 34 and a spring assembly of a spring hook of the carrier is clamped, the spring hook loosens the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting, the vacuum suction device 43 is pushed by the first manipulator to cling to the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting, the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting is sucked, and the servo motor 44 of the first manipulator adjusts the orientation of the vacuum suction device 43 towards the;
F. the vacuum suction device 43 of the second manipulator sucks the surface of the semi-product circuit board which is sucked on the vacuum suction device 43 of the first manipulator and is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting, which is not finished, of the semi-product circuit board, and at the moment, the vacuum suction device 43 of the first manipulator loosens the surface of the semi-product circuit board which is sucked and is subjected to one-time reflow soldering and one-side mounting, which is finished;
G. the servo motor 44 of the second manipulator adjusts the orientation of the vacuum suction device 43, shooting and data verification are carried out on the surface, which is not finished with the mounting, of the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to the reflow soldering once and is subjected to the mounting on one surface through the second industrial camera 25, and the first manipulator repeats corresponding actions in the steps B and C;
H. the automatic circuit board carrier clamping device 34 of the third conveying track lifts the carrier and clamps the spring assembly of the spring hook of the carrier, then according to the data check of the first industrial camera 25, the first mechanical hand places the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to reflow soldering once and is pasted on one side in the carrier on the conveying belt bracket 32 of the third conveying track, then the automatic circuit board carrier clamping device 34 of the third conveying track loosens the spring assembly of the spring hook of the carrier, the spring hook pulls the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to reflow soldering once and is pasted on one side and fixes the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to reflow soldering once and is pasted on one side, then the two laser ranging sensors of the second mechanical hand detect the matching condition between the semi-product circuit board which is subjected to reflow soldering once and is pasted on one side and the carrier, and sends the detection result to the next process, and finally, the third conveying track conveys the carrier provided with the raw material plate to the B-side attaching transmission track through a conveying belt, and the first mechanical arm repeats corresponding actions in the steps D and E.
The process is a working process of the full-automatic plate sticking machine for surface mounting of the circuit board, and the actions from the step A to the step H are repeated every time the full-automatic plate sticking machine for surface mounting of the circuit board works.
The structure characteristics and the specific working process of the full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of the circuit board have the advantages that: the circuit board production line has the advantages that the number of required workers is reduced, the workload of the workers is reduced, the conveying speed and the turnover speed in the whole process are fixed, the interference of human factors is reduced, and the production efficiency is improved.
Example 2.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, compared with embodiment 1, a full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards is different in that the number of the vacuum suction devices 43 of the first robot is two, the facing directions of the two vacuum suction devices 43 of the first robot are perpendicular to each other, the number of the vacuum suction devices 43 of the second robot is one, the number of times of turning over the vacuum suction frame 42 of the first robot when the vacuum suction devices 43 suck the circuit boards is reduced, the sucking efficiency of the vacuum suction devices 43 is increased, the production efficiency is further improved, the other points are the same as embodiment 1, the basic working principle and the specific working process are the same as those of embodiment 1, and the basic working principle and the specific working process of the full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards are omitted.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, many modifications and improvements can be made without departing from the inventive concept, and all of them belong to the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The full-automatic board pasting machine for surface mounting of the circuit board is characterized by comprising a rack (1), wherein a working platform (11) is arranged at the upper part of the rack (1), a raw material board placing platform (21), a first industrial camera (22), a first conveying track, a second industrial camera (25), a second mechanical arm and a third conveying track are sequentially arranged on the working platform (11) from one side to the other side, and first mechanical arms corresponding to the raw material board placing platform (21) and the second mechanical arm are arranged on the working platform (11) at the two sides of the first conveying track;
the first conveying track, the second conveying track and the third conveying track are all arranged on a working platform (11), two mutually parallel and symmetrical conveying belt supports (32) are arranged on the width adjusting mechanism (31), conveying belts are sleeved on the conveying belt supports (32) in a rotating mode, a driving motor (33) for driving the conveying belt of the width adjusting mechanism (31) to drive is arranged on the side portion of each conveying belt support (32), and automatic circuit board carrier clamping devices (34) are arranged on the working platform (11) among the two conveying belt supports (32) of the first conveying track, the second conveying track and the third conveying track;
the first mechanical arm and the second mechanical arm respectively comprise four-shaft mechanical arms (41), a vacuum suction frame (42) is arranged on a telescopic working rod of each four-shaft mechanical arm (41), at least one vacuum suction device (43) is rotatably arranged on each vacuum suction frame (42), a servo motor (44) for driving the at least one vacuum suction device (43) to rotate is further arranged on each vacuum suction frame (42), and at least two laser ranging sensors are further arranged on each four-shaft mechanical arm (41);
an electric control box (5) which is electrically connected with the width adjusting mechanism (31), the first industrial camera (22), the second industrial camera (25), the driving motor (33), the automatic circuit board carrier clamping device (34), the vacuumizing device of the vacuum suction device (43), the servo motor (44) and at least two laser ranging sensors is arranged in the rack (1) below the working platform (11).
2. A fully automatic plate pasting machine for circuit board surface mounting according to claim 1, characterized in that the vacuum suction means (43) has two rows of mutually symmetrical vacuum suction heads.
3. The full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards as claimed in claim 1, wherein the number of the laser ranging sensors is two.
4. The full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards as claimed in claim 1, wherein the number of vacuum suction devices (43) of the first robot and the second robot is one.
5. The full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit boards as claimed in claim 1, wherein the number of vacuum suction devices (43) of the first robot is two, the facing directions of the two vacuum suction devices (43) of the first robot are perpendicular to each other, and the number of vacuum suction devices (43) of the second robot is one.
CN202021037352.1U 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit board Active CN212305805U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021037352.1U CN212305805U (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit board

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202021037352.1U CN212305805U (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit board

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CN212305805U true CN212305805U (en) 2021-01-05

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CN202021037352.1U Active CN212305805U (en) 2020-06-08 2020-06-08 Full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit board

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111511127A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-08-07 苏州同厚电子科技有限公司 Full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit board

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111511127A (en) * 2020-06-08 2020-08-07 苏州同厚电子科技有限公司 Full-automatic plate pasting machine for surface mounting of circuit board
CN111511127B (en) * 2020-06-08 2024-05-10 苏州同厚电子科技有限公司 Full-automatic board pasting machine for surface pasting of circuit board

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