CN211889072U - Double-station processing mechanism of numerical control drilling machine - Google Patents

Double-station processing mechanism of numerical control drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211889072U
CN211889072U CN202020581066.5U CN202020581066U CN211889072U CN 211889072 U CN211889072 U CN 211889072U CN 202020581066 U CN202020581066 U CN 202020581066U CN 211889072 U CN211889072 U CN 211889072U
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China
Prior art keywords
linear module
axis linear
servo motor
workpiece
plate
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202020581066.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周建勋
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Dongguan Taijie Machinery Equipment Co ltd
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Dongguan Taijie Machinery Equipment Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a double-station processing mechanism of a numerical control drilling machine, which comprises a base, a Z-axis linear module, a working head power assembly, a Y-axis linear module, an X-axis linear module, a workpiece jig mounting plate and a workpiece jig; the base is provided with the Z-axis linear module which drives the working head power assembly to move up and down; the base is further provided with the Y-axis linear module, the Y-axis linear module drives the X-axis linear module to move longitudinally, the X-axis linear module drives the workpiece jig mounting plate to move transversely, and the two ends of the workpiece jig mounting plate are respectively provided with the workpiece jig matched with the working head power assembly. The utility model discloses can advance simultaneously and go up the unloading operation and the operation of punching, production efficiency is higher.

Description

Double-station processing mechanism of numerical control drilling machine
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of drilling equipment technique and specifically relates to a duplex position processing agency of numerical control drilling machine.
Background
The numerical control drilling machine is mainly used for processing drilling, reaming, chamfering and the like, is mainly applied to the industries of automobiles, molds, shipbuilding, aerospace and engineering machinery, and is particularly suitable for processing a plurality of holes on some hardware workpieces.
The existing numerical control drilling machine is mainly provided with a workpiece jig on a drilling station, and a drilling working head is arranged above the workpiece jig; the production process comprises the following steps: the feeding and discharging operation and the drilling operation head are carried out on the workpiece fixture to carry out the drilling operation on the workpiece fixture; however, the operation mode that one workpiece fixture is matched with one drilling working head has the characteristic that the feeding and discharging operation and the drilling operation need to be performed alternately, and the feeding and discharging operation and the drilling operation cannot be performed simultaneously, so that the production efficiency is low.
Thus, the prior art is subject to improvement and advancement.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a technical problem to the problem among the above-mentioned prior art, provide a duplex position processing agency of numerical control drilling machine, this processing agency has the characteristics that can go on simultaneously going up unloading operation and the operation of punching.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model adopts a technical scheme that the double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control drilling machine comprises a base, a Z-axis linear module, a working head power assembly, a Y-axis linear module, an X-axis linear module, a workpiece jig mounting plate and a workpiece jig; the base is provided with the Z-axis linear module which drives the working head power assembly to move up and down; the base is also provided with the Y-axis linear module which drives the X-axis linear module to move longitudinally, the X-axis linear module drives the workpiece jig mounting plate to move transversely, and two ends of the workpiece jig mounting plate are respectively provided with the workpiece jig matched with the working head power assembly; the workpiece fixture comprises a fixed plate, a vertical plate, a material tray, a clamping assembly and a cylinder; the fixing plate is fixedly connected with the workpiece jig mounting plate; the two vertical plates are arranged on the fixing plate; two ends of the material tray are erected on the two vertical plates; the material tray is provided with a plurality of through holes for the bosses at the bottom of the workpiece to pass through; the vertical plate is also provided with the clamping component clamped with the boss at the bottom of the workpiece in a penetrating way; the fixed plate is also provided with an air cylinder for driving the clamping assembly.
As a further elaboration of the above technical solution:
in the technical scheme, the Y-axis linear module comprises a first sliding plate, a first servo motor and a first screw rod pair; the base is provided with the first sliding plate in a sliding mode, the base is further provided with the first servo motor, and the first servo motor drives the first sliding plate to longitudinally slide through the first screw rod pair.
In the technical scheme, the X-axis linear module comprises a second servo motor and a second screw rod pair; the workpiece jig mounting plate is slidably mounted on the first sliding plate; the second servo motor is arranged on the workpiece jig mounting plate; and the second servo motor drives the workpiece jig mounting plate to slide through the second screw rod pair.
In the technical scheme, the Z-axis linear module comprises an upright post, a third servo motor, a fixed block and a third screw rod pair; the upright post is fixedly connected with the base; the third servo motor is installed at the top of the upright post, the fixed block is slidably installed on the upright post, and the third servo motor drives the fixed block to slide up and down through the third screw rod pair.
In the technical scheme, the working head power assembly comprises a fourth servo motor, a rotating shaft, a driving belt wheel, a driven belt wheel and a synchronous belt; the fourth servo motor is arranged on the fixed block; the fixed block is further rotatably provided with the rotating shaft, and a driving belt wheel arranged on an output shaft of the fourth servo motor is in power connection with a driven belt wheel arranged on the rotating shaft through a synchronous belt.
In the technical scheme, the clamping assembly comprises a connecting plate and two moving rods, and a piston rod of the air cylinder is fixedly connected with the connecting plate; two ends of the connecting plate are respectively fixedly connected with one moving rod; each moving rod penetrates through the vertical plate, and a plurality of buckles clamped with the bosses at the bottom of the workpiece are arranged on the moving rods.
In the technical scheme, the fixed plate is relatively provided with two air cylinders, each air cylinder drives one group of the clamping assembly, one group of the moving rod of the clamping assembly is located on the other group of the moving rod between the two moving rods of the clamping assembly.
The utility model has the advantages that one of the two-axis linkage of the new workpiece fixture can be realized through the Y-axis linear module and the X-axis linear module, namely, the two-axis linkage of the workpiece is realized, meanwhile, the working head power assembly is driven to move up and down through the Z-axis linear module, and the external drilling working head is arranged on the working head power assembly, so that the punching operation of the workpiece can be realized; and secondly, two groups of workpiece fixtures are matched with a working head power assembly, when one workpiece fixture carries out loading and unloading operation, workpieces on the other fixture can simultaneously carry out punching operation, and further the production efficiency is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the workpiece fixture of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the X-axis linear module and the Y-axis linear module of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The embodiments described by referring to the drawings are exemplary and intended to be used for explaining the present application and are not to be construed as limiting the present application. In the description of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "center," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the present application and for simplicity in description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated in a particular manner, and thus should not be considered limiting. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present application, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise. In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can include, for example, fixed connections, removable connections, or integral connections; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate. In this application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may comprise direct contact of the first and second features, or may comprise contact of the first and second features not directly but through another feature in between. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly above and obliquely above the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser level than the second feature.
Fig. 1-3 illustrate a specific embodiment of the double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control drilling machine of the present invention, referring to fig. 1-3, the double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control drilling machine comprises a base 1, a Z-axis linear module 2, a working head power assembly 3, a Y-axis linear module 4, an X-axis linear module 5, a workpiece fixture mounting plate 6 and a workpiece fixture 7; the base 1 is provided with the Z-axis linear module 2, and the Z-axis linear module 2 drives the working head power assembly 3 to move up and down; the base 1 is also provided with the Y-axis linear module 4, the Y-axis linear module 4 drives the X-axis linear module 5 to move longitudinally, the X-axis linear module 5 drives the workpiece jig mounting plate 6 to move transversely, and two ends of the workpiece jig mounting plate 6 are respectively provided with the workpiece jig 7 matched with the working head power assembly 3; the workpiece fixture 7 comprises a fixed plate 8, a vertical plate 9, a material tray 10, a clamping component 11 and an air cylinder 12; the fixing plate 8 is fixedly connected with the workpiece jig mounting plate 6; the two vertical plates 9 are arranged on the fixed plate 8; two ends of the material tray 10 are erected on the two vertical plates 9; a plurality of through holes 13 for the bottom bosses of the workpieces to pass through are formed in the material tray 10; the vertical plate 9 is also provided with the clamping component 11 clamped with a boss at the bottom of the workpiece in a penetrating way; the fixed plate 8 is also provided with the air cylinder 12 for driving the clamping assembly 11.
Further, the Y-axis linear module 4 includes a first sliding plate 14, a first servo motor 15 and a first screw rod pair 16; the first sliding plate 14 is slidably mounted on the base 1 through a first guide rail pair 17, specifically, a guide rail of the first guide rail pair 17 is fixedly mounted on an upper portion of the base 1, and a sliding block of the first guide rail pair 17 is fixedly mounted on a lower portion of the first sliding plate 14. The base 1 is further provided with the first servo motor 15, the first servo motor 15 drives the first sliding plate 14 to longitudinally slide through the first screw pair 16, specifically, an output shaft of the first servo motor 15 is fixedly connected with a screw rod of the first screw pair 16, and a screw rod nut of the first screw pair 16 is fixedly connected with the first sliding plate 14; when the first servo motor 15 is connected to an external power source and starts to rotate forwards or backwards, the first servo motor 15 drives the first sliding plate 14 to slide longitudinally relative to the base 1 in a screw rod transmission mode.
Further, the X-axis linear module 5 includes a second servo motor 18 and a second screw pair 19. The workpiece fixture mounting plate 6 is slidably mounted on the first sliding plate 14 through a second guide rail pair 20, specifically, a guide rail of the second guide rail pair 20 is mounted on the lower portion of the workpiece fixture mounting plate 6, and a slider of the second guide rail pair 20 is mounted on the upper portion of the first sliding plate 14. A first motor base is arranged at one end of the workpiece jig mounting plate 6 in the length direction, and the second servo motor 18 is fixedly mounted on the workpiece jig mounting plate 6 through the first motor base; an output shaft of the second servo motor 18 is connected with a screw rod of the second screw rod pair 19, and a screw rod nut of the second screw rod pair 19 is fixedly connected with the first sliding plate 14. When the second servo motor 18 is connected to an external power supply to start forward rotation or reverse rotation, the workpiece fixture mounting plate 6 slides transversely relative to the first sliding plate 14.
Further, the Z-axis linear module 2 includes an upright post 21, a third servo motor 22, a fixed block 23, and a third screw pair 24; the upright post 21 is fixedly connected with the base 1; the third servo motor 22 is fixedly connected with a second motor base arranged at the top of the upright post 21. The fixed block 23 is slidably mounted on the upright post 21 through a third guide rail pair 25; specifically, the guide rail of the third guide rail pair 25 is vertically disposed on the upright post 21, and the slider of the third guide rail pair 25 is fixedly connected to the fixing block 23. The third servo motor 22 drives the fixed block 23 to slide up and down through the third screw rod pair 24; specifically, an output shaft of the third servo motor 22 is connected to a lead screw of the third lead screw pair 24, a lead screw nut of the third lead screw pair 24 is fixedly connected to the fixed block 23, and when the third servo motor 22 is connected to an external power source and starts to rotate forward or backward, the third servo motor 22 drives the fixed block 23 to slide up and down relative to the upright post 21 in a lead screw transmission manner.
Further, the working head power assembly 3 comprises a fourth servo motor 26, a rotating shaft 27, a driving pulley 28, a driven pulley 29 and a synchronous belt 30; the fourth servo motor 26 is mounted on the fixed block 23; the fixed block 23 is further rotatably provided with the rotating shaft 27, and a driving pulley 28 mounted on an output shaft of the fourth servo motor 26 is in power connection with a driven pulley 29 mounted on the rotating shaft 27 through a synchronous belt 30.
Further, the clamping assembly 11 includes a connecting plate 31 and two moving rods 32, and a piston rod of the cylinder 12 is fixedly connected to the middle of the connecting plate 31; two ends of the connecting plate 31 are respectively fixedly connected with one moving rod 32; each moving rod 32 penetrates through the vertical plate 9, and a plurality of buckles 33 which are clamped with the bosses at the bottom of the workpiece are arranged on the moving rods 32. In actual operation, the work piece main part is arranged in back on the charging tray 10, the boss of work piece bottom passes be located behind the through-hole 13 the downside of charging tray 10, at this moment, cylinder 12 drive buckle 33 is gone into the clamping that realizes the work piece in the knot position that corresponds on the boss of work piece bottom from the side card is fixed, otherwise cylinder 12 drive buckle 33 can take out the work piece after breaking away from the knot position on the boss of work piece bottom.
Furthermore, the fixed plate 8 is relatively provided with two air cylinders 12, each air cylinder 12 drives one set of the clamping assembly 11, one moving rod 32 of one set of the clamping assembly 11 is located between two moving rods 32 of the other set of the clamping assembly 11.
In the assembly line production of the work piece, the corresponding equipment operation time of various technological processes of the work piece is different, in order to coordinate the production of various equipments of the whole production line in order to reach the highest production efficiency, the left and right sides of the double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control hole turning machine of the utility model are respectively provided with a feeding and discharging manipulator; when the drilling machine works, drilling working heads with different specifications are installed at the lower end of the rotating shaft 27 according to the drilling process requirements, and the working principle is as follows:
in the first step, the workpiece fixture 7 on the right side is located right below the drilling working head, the feeding and discharging manipulator on the left side performs feeding operation on the workpiece fixture 7 on the left side at the moment, and then the workpiece fixture 7 on the left side clamps a workpiece to be drilled.
Secondly, firstly, the X-axis linear module 5 drives the workpiece jig mounting plate 6 to move right until the workpiece jig 7 on the left side moves to a position right below the drilling working head; then, the Z-axis linear module 5 drives the drilling working head to move downwards to complete the punching operation and then reset, at the moment, after the workpiece to be punched is placed on the workpiece fixture 7 on the right side by the feeding and discharging mechanical arm on the right side, the workpiece fixture 7 on the right side clamps the workpiece to be punched.
Thirdly, firstly, the X-axis linear module 5 drives the workpiece jig mounting plate 6 to move left until the workpiece jig 7 on the right side moves to a position right below the drilling working head; then, the Z-axis linear module 5 drives the drilling working head to move downwards to complete the punching operation and then reset, and at the moment, the feeding and discharging manipulator on the left side performs feeding operation on the workpiece on the left side 7 which is subjected to the punching operation.
To sum up, the circulation carries out first step to third step operation, can guarantee the utility model discloses the duplex position processing agency of numerical control commentaries on classics hole machine can go on simultaneously go up unloading operation and the operation of punching, and is further, wherein one side the work piece of clamping on the work piece tool 7 when punching the operation, can by X axle sharp module 5 with the 4 diaxon interlocks of Y axle sharp module, and then the position of work piece on the adjustment this work piece tool 7 realizes the operation of punching to a plurality of positions of this work piece.
The above is not intended to limit the technical scope of the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent changes and modifications made to the above embodiments according to the technical spirit of the present invention are all within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A double-station processing mechanism of a numerical control drilling machine is characterized by comprising a base, a Z-axis linear module, a working head power assembly, a Y-axis linear module, an X-axis linear module, a workpiece jig mounting plate and a workpiece jig; the base is provided with the Z-axis linear module which drives the working head power assembly to move up and down; the base is also provided with the Y-axis linear module which drives the X-axis linear module to move longitudinally, the X-axis linear module drives the workpiece jig mounting plate to move transversely, and two ends of the workpiece jig mounting plate are respectively provided with the workpiece jig matched with the working head power assembly; the workpiece fixture comprises a fixed plate, a vertical plate, a material tray, a clamping assembly and a cylinder; the fixing plate is fixedly connected with the workpiece jig mounting plate; the two vertical plates are arranged on the fixing plate; two ends of the material tray are erected on the two vertical plates; the material tray is provided with a plurality of through holes for the bosses at the bottom of the workpiece to pass through; the vertical plate is also provided with the clamping component clamped with the boss at the bottom of the workpiece in a penetrating way; the cylinder is arranged on the fixing plate and drives the clamping component.
2. The double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control drilling machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the Y-axis linear module comprises a first sliding plate, a first servo motor and a first screw pair; the base is provided with the first sliding plate in a sliding mode, the base is further provided with the first servo motor, and the first servo motor drives the first sliding plate to longitudinally slide through the first screw rod pair.
3. The double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control drilling machine as claimed in claim 2, wherein the X-axis linear module comprises a second servo motor and a second screw pair; the workpiece jig mounting plate is slidably mounted on the first sliding plate; the second servo motor is arranged on the workpiece jig mounting plate; and the second servo motor drives the workpiece jig mounting plate to slide through the second screw rod pair.
4. The double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control drilling machine according to claim 1, wherein the Z-axis linear module comprises an upright column, a third servo motor, a fixed block and a third screw rod pair; the upright post is fixedly connected with the base; the third servo motor is installed at the top of the upright post, the fixed block is slidably installed on the upright post, and the third servo motor drives the fixed block to slide up and down through the third screw rod pair.
5. The double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control drilling machine as claimed in claim 4, wherein the working head power assembly comprises a fourth servo motor, a rotating shaft, a driving pulley, a driven pulley and a synchronous belt; the fourth servo motor is arranged on the fixed block; the fixed block is further rotatably provided with the rotating shaft, and a driving belt wheel arranged on an output shaft of the fourth servo motor is in power connection with a driven belt wheel arranged on the rotating shaft through a synchronous belt.
6. The double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control drilling machine as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the clamping assembly comprises a connecting plate and two moving rods, and the middle part of the connecting plate is fixedly connected with a piston rod of the cylinder; two ends of the connecting plate are respectively fixedly connected with one moving rod; each moving rod penetrates through the vertical plate, and a plurality of buckles clamped with the bosses at the bottom of the workpiece are arranged on the moving rods.
7. The double-station processing mechanism of the numerical control drilling machine as claimed in claim 6, wherein two air cylinders are oppositely arranged on the fixing plate, each air cylinder drives one clamping assembly, and one moving rod of one clamping assembly is located between two moving rods of the other clamping assembly.
CN202020581066.5U 2020-04-18 2020-04-18 Double-station processing mechanism of numerical control drilling machine Expired - Fee Related CN211889072U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020581066.5U CN211889072U (en) 2020-04-18 2020-04-18 Double-station processing mechanism of numerical control drilling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020581066.5U CN211889072U (en) 2020-04-18 2020-04-18 Double-station processing mechanism of numerical control drilling machine

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113400035A (en) * 2021-06-02 2021-09-17 苏州鑫槟美精密机械有限公司 Multi-station multi-shaft numerical control CNC machining center for hardware machining

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113400035A (en) * 2021-06-02 2021-09-17 苏州鑫槟美精密机械有限公司 Multi-station multi-shaft numerical control CNC machining center for hardware machining

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Granted publication date: 20201110