CN104972338A - Multi-degree-of-freedom machine tool provided with efficient groove-shaped workpiece clamp - Google Patents

Multi-degree-of-freedom machine tool provided with efficient groove-shaped workpiece clamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104972338A
CN104972338A CN201510420338.7A CN201510420338A CN104972338A CN 104972338 A CN104972338 A CN 104972338A CN 201510420338 A CN201510420338 A CN 201510420338A CN 104972338 A CN104972338 A CN 104972338A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
channel
shaped workpiece
lathe
clamping plate
clamping
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201510420338.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104972338B (en
Inventor
叶青健
刘世泉
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Foshan Pratic CNC Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Foshan Pratic CNC Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510420338.7A priority Critical patent/CN104972338B/en
Publication of CN104972338A publication Critical patent/CN104972338A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/04Work clamping means using fluid means or a vacuum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/10Devices for clamping workpieces of a particular form or made from a particular material

Abstract

The invention discloses a multi-degree-of-freedom machine tool provided with an efficient groove-shaped workpiece clamp. The multi-degree-of-freedom machine tool comprises a machine tool body and the groove-shaped workpiece clamp arranged on the machine tool body. The groove-shaped workpiece clamp comprises a base, two connecting plates, two fixing shafts, a plurality of clamping plates, positioning pressing blocks, clamping bolts and a push-on air cylinder. The base is fixed to a workbench. The two connecting plates are arranged on the base in parallel. The two fixing shafts are arranged between the two connecting plates in parallel. The fixing shafts are perpendicular to the connecting plates. The two ends of the clamping plates are in serial connection with the two fixing shafts in a sliding mode. The clamping plates are arranged between the two connecting plates. The front and rear side faces of the clamping plates limit the front-back movement of a groove-shaped workpiece. The positioning pressing blocks and the clamping bolts limit the vertical movement of the groove-shaped workpiece. Finally, the push-on air cylinder pushes the connecting plates together, and the left-right movement of the groove-shaped workpiece along with the connecting plates is limited. Clamping is stable, and machining is convenient.

Description

A kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fixture equipment, particularly a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp.
Background technology
Along with the development of Numeric Control Technology, the parts machining of many products is all machined by Digit Control Machine Tool, lathe generally need sectional fixture carry out clamping channel-shaped workpiece or guide cutter, its effect is by Workpiece fixing, to make channel-shaped workpiece obtain tram relative to lathe and cutter, and channel-shaped workpiece is clamped reliably.In the processing of channel-shaped workpiece, channel-shaped workpiece is generally adopt the two fixed clamp fixture of the right and left cylinder to carry out clamping, and channel-shaped workpiece carries out adding man-hour, is only subject to the radial chucking power of Y-direction, easily there is play in the axis of Z-direction in channel-shaped workpiece, the precision of impact processing.In addition, because the clamping contact surface of channel-shaped workpiece is little, if strengthen radial chucking power, channel-shaped workpiece, by there is crushing problem, makes the processing of channel-shaped workpiece inaccurate, and its product qualified rate is not high yet.
Summary of the invention
For above-mentioned defect, the object of the invention is to propose a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp.
For reaching this object, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
Configure a multiple degrees of freedom lathe for channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp, comprise lathe and be located at the channel-shaped work piece holder on lathe; Described lathe is multiple degrees of freedom lathe, comprises lathe bed, saddle, column, tool magazine, head, main shaft and workbench, and described workbench is arranged on described lathe bed along its length, and described saddle is arranged on the side of described workbench;
Column and tool magazine are arranged in described saddle, and described column is slidably arranged on described saddle by Y-axis slide rail, described tool magazine and column separate, not load-bearing mutually; Column is vertically provided with Z axis slide rail, and described head is driven along Z axis slide rail moving linearly by Z axis drive motors; Length direction along described lathe bed is provided with X-axis slide rail, described X-axis slide rail moving linearly on lathe bed;
Described channel-shaped work piece holder comprises base, connecting plate, fixed axis, clamping plate, location briquetting, fishbolt and push-tight cylinder, and described base is fixed on described workbench;
Two described connecting plates are set in parallel in described base, and two described fixed axis are set in parallel between two described connecting plates, and the position relationship between fixed axis with connecting plate is mutually vertical; The two ends of described clamping plate are slidably serially connected on two fixed axis respectively, and some described clamping plates are arranged between two connecting plates;
Described clamping plate is the platy structure with leading flank, trailing flank, left surface, right flank, upper side and downside composition, described leading flank and trailing flank are respectively equipped with groove, described groove is that the end face of described leading flank and trailing flank is along the direction perpendicular to this end face, inner recess to described clamping plate is formed, and described groove extends along the length direction of described clamping plate;
Described location briquetting is the L shape structure be made of one piece by lateral blocks and vertical block two parts, described lateral blocks is installed on described upper side and left surface, right flank and crosses the corner formed, vertical block is fitted in corresponding left surface or the right flank of described clamping plate, and described location briquetting is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank through described vertical block by fishbolt; Described push-tight cylinder by some clamping plates wherein a described connecting plate direction promote, by all clamping board clampings.
Further, be provided with fastening spring, channel-shaped workpiece is fixed after passing the side of described location briquetting and clamping plate after being sleeved on described fishbolt more successively by described fastening spring.
Further, described lateral blocks is made up of two side pawls, and described side pawl extends rear formation in the horizontal direction by the edge of described vertical plate one end, and the described lateral blocks in horizontal direction is U-shaped structure.
Further, be provided with back-moving spring between described clamping plate and clamping plate, described back-moving spring is serially connected in described fixed axis.
Further, described push-tight cylinder is located at the outside of described connecting plate, and the expansion link of push-tight cylinder enters rear flank in connecting plate through the connecting through hole of described connecting plate and is fixedly connected with nearest clamping plate.
Further, two connecting plates are connected by connecting bolt, and described connecting bolt penetrates from the outside of connecting plate, and are fixed by nut after the connecting plate being provided with described push-tight cylinder passes.
Further, described channel-shaped work piece holder is fixed on described base by rotary cylinder, time fixing, the levelling block of described rotary cylinder and the upper surface contact squeeze of described connecting plate, the length of described base is arranged according to the specification that can arrange two groups and above channel-shaped work piece holder simultaneously.
Further, when described channel-shaped work piece holder is arranged on described base, the connecting bolt being in inner side is arranged on described base by bearing block, and described rotary cylinder is arranged on the offside of described bearing block.
Further, described base is provided with through hole, and described through hole is arranged on the below of described channel-shaped work piece holder.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: channel-shaped workpiece simultaneously clamping in the upper side of clamping plate and downside, clamping is when upper side, channel-shaped workpiece is directly tipped upside down on clamping plate, the interior concave bottom surface of channel-shaped workpiece is contacted with the upper side of clamping plate, and two vertical inner wall of channel-shaped workpiece contact with trailing flank with leading flank respectively and are adjacent to; With location briquetting, the left and right sides of channel-shaped workpiece is clamped again, the outer bottom of the location lateral blocks of briquetting and the channel-shaped workpiece of back-off is adjacent to, vertical block contacts with corresponding left surface or right flank and is adjacent to, the location briquetting of L shape is installed on described upper side and left surface or right flank and crosses the corner formed, more described location briquetting is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank through described vertical block by fishbolt; The front and back sides of clamping plate limits the motion of channel-shaped workpiece at fore-and-aft direction; Location briquetting and fishbolt limit the motion of channel-shaped workpiece at vertical direction, finally by push-tight cylinder by connecting plate push-tight to together, limit connecting plate and carry the motion of channel-shaped workpiece at left and right directions, clamping is stablized, and convenient processes.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of an embodiment of channel-shaped work piece holder in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of channel-shaped workpiece and the first mounting means of clamping plate in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of channel-shaped workpiece and clamping plate the second mounting means in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged drawing of part B in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the top view of one embodiment of the present of invention.
Wherein: base 1;
Channel-shaped work piece holder 2, connecting plate 201, fixed axis 202; Clamping plate 203, leading flank 2031, right flank 2032, upper side 2033, groove 2034; Location briquetting 204, lateral blocks 2041, vertical block 2042; Fishbolt 205, push-tight cylinder 206, connecting bolt 207;
Channel-shaped workpiece 3, fastening spring 4, side pawl 5, back-moving spring 6, rotary cylinder 7, bearing block 8, through hole 9, lathe bed 10, saddle 11, column 12, tool magazine 13, head 14, main shaft 15, workbench 16, Y-axis slide rail 17, Z axis slide rail 18, X-axis slide rail 19.
Detailed description of the invention
Technical scheme of the present invention is further illustrated by detailed description of the invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 7, a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp, comprises lathe and is located at the channel-shaped work piece holder on lathe; Described lathe is multiple degrees of freedom lathe, comprises lathe bed 10, saddle 11, column 12, tool magazine 13, head 14, main shaft 15 and workbench 16, and described workbench 16 is arranged on described lathe bed 10 along its length, and described saddle 11 is arranged on the side of described workbench 16;
Column 12 and tool magazine 13 are arranged in described saddle 11, and described column 12 is slidably arranged on described saddle 11 by Y-axis slide rail 17, described tool magazine 13 and column separate, not load-bearing mutually; Column 12 is vertically provided with Z axis slide rail 18, and described head 14 is driven along Z axis slide rail 18 moving linearly by Z axis drive motors; Length direction along described lathe bed is provided with X-axis slide rail 19, described X-axis slide rail 20 moving linearly on lathe bed;
Described channel-shaped work piece holder 2 comprises base 1, channel-shaped work piece holder 2, connecting plate 201, fixed axis 202, clamping plate 203, location briquetting 204, fishbolt 205 and push-tight cylinder 206;
Two described connecting plates 201 are set in parallel in described base 1, two described fixed axis 202 and are set in parallel between two described connecting plates 201, and the position relationship between fixed axis 202 with connecting plate 201 is mutually vertical; The two ends of described clamping plate 203 are slidably serially connected on two fixed axis 202 respectively, and some described clamping plates 203 are arranged between two connecting plates 201;
As shown in Figures 5 and 6, described clamping plate 203 is for having the platy structure of leading flank 2031, trailing flank, left surface, right flank 2032, upper side 2033 and downside composition, described leading flank 2031 and trailing flank are respectively equipped with groove 2034, described groove 2034 is that the end face of described leading flank 2031 and trailing flank is along the direction perpendicular to this end face, inner recess to described clamping plate 203 is formed, and described groove 2034 extends along the length direction of described clamping plate 203;
Described location briquetting 204 is the L shape structures be made of one piece by lateral blocks 2041 and vertical block 2042 two parts, described lateral blocks 2041 is installed on described upper side 2033 and left surface, right flank 2032 and crosses the corner formed, vertical block 2042 is fitted in corresponding left surface or the right flank 2032 of described clamping plate 203, and described location briquetting 204 is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank 2032 through described vertical block 2042 by fishbolt 205; Described push-tight cylinder 206 by some clamping plates 203 wherein a described connecting plate 201 direction promote, all clamping plates 203 are clamped.
In the technical program, channel-shaped workpiece 3 has two kinds of different installation way on described clamping plate 203:
The first installation way: as shown in Figures 3 and 4, channel-shaped workpiece 3 can simultaneously clamping in the upper side 2033 of clamping plate 203 and downside, be described for the situation of clamping at upper side 2033, channel-shaped workpiece 3 is directly tipped upside down on clamping plate 203, the interior concave bottom surface of channel-shaped workpiece 3 is contacted with the upper side 2033 of clamping plate 203, and two vertical inner wall of channel-shaped workpiece 3 contact with trailing flank with leading flank 2031 respectively and are adjacent to; With location briquetting 204, the left and right sides of channel-shaped workpiece 3 is clamped again, the lateral blocks 2041 of location briquetting 204 is adjacent to the outer bottom of the channel-shaped workpiece 3 of back-off, vertical block 2042 contacts with corresponding left surface or right flank 2032 and is adjacent to, the location briquetting 204 of L shape is installed on described upper side 2033 and left surface or right flank 2032 and crosses the corner formed, then fishbolt 205 is passed described vertical block 2042 described location briquetting 204 is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank 2032; The front and back sides of clamping plate 203 limits the motion of channel-shaped workpiece 3 at fore-and-aft direction; Location briquetting 204 and fishbolt 205 limit the motion of channel-shaped workpiece 3 at vertical direction, finally by push-tight cylinder 206 by connecting plate 203 push-tight to together, limit connecting plate 203 and carry the motion of channel-shaped workpiece 3 at left and right directions.
The second installation way: as shown in Figures 5 and 6, channel-shaped workpiece 3 can simultaneously clamping in the upper side 2033 of clamping plate 203 and downside, be described the second installation way for clamping in the situation of upper side 2033---two channel-shaped workpiece 3 can simultaneously clamping in the both sides, front and back (being described for the situation of clamping at leading flank 2031) of clamping plate 203, first channel-shaped workpiece 3 is lied down placement, the interior concave bottom surface of channel-shaped workpiece 3 is made to be right against leading flank 2031, again the trough rim being in below of channel-shaped workpiece 3 is inserted in described groove 2034, the trough rim being in top is installed on upper side 2033 and leading flank 2031 and crosses the corner formed, channel-shaped workpiece 3 on trailing flank is according to same way clamping, and then with location briquetting 204, the left and right sides of channel-shaped workpiece 3 is clamped, the lateral blocks 2041 of location briquetting 204 is adjacent to the trough rim being in top of channel-shaped workpiece 3, vertical block 2042 contacts with corresponding left surface or right flank 2032 and is adjacent to, the location briquetting 204 of L shape is installed on described upper side 2033 and left surface or right flank 2032 and crosses the corner formed, then fishbolt 205 is passed described vertical block 2042 described location briquetting 204 is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank 2032, the front and back sides of clamping plate 203 limits the motion of channel-shaped workpiece 3 at fore-and-aft direction, location briquetting 204 and fishbolt 205 limit the motion of channel-shaped workpiece 3 at vertical direction, finally by push-tight cylinder 206 by connecting plate 203 push-tight to together, limit connecting plate 203 and carry the motion of channel-shaped workpiece 3 at left and right directions, use when such installation way is for processing the trough rim of channel-shaped workpiece, clamping 4 workpiece simultaneously on packaged clamping plate 203, substantially increase efficiency and the working (machining) efficiency of clamping.
X-axis drive motors (not shown) is driven saddle 11 moving linearly on X-axis slide rail 19, Y-axis drive motors (not shown) drives column 12 moving linearly on Y-axis slide rail 17, Z axis drive motors (not shown) drives head 14 moving linearly on Z axis slide rail 18, thus complete head 14 and fix a cutting tool to the accurate location of workpiece, process again, improve working (machining) efficiency; The cutter of different model is provided by tool magazine 13, and clamped one time can complete the processing of multiple kind.
Described tool magazine 13 is arranged on described saddle 11 and is positioned at the side of described column 12; Because tool magazine 13 inside is provided with tens metal knife, its volume is large, weight is large, in order to save space, tool magazine 13 is directly installed on column 12 in prior art, so will bear weight and the inertia of tool magazine 13 at process central post 12, and tool magazine 13 is necessarily arranged at the side of column 12, and column 12 has the torsion of upset, make column 12 by force unbalance, therefore the machining accuracy of column 12 has considerable influence.In order to avoid this problem, by tool magazine 13 and column 12 separate, avoiding completely by force unbalance situation of column 12, thus improve machining accuracy, extends the life-span of lathe.
The above base 1 is arranged in described workbench 16, after processing a channel-shaped workpiece 3, drives described saddle 11 to move along X-direction, processes the channel-shaped workpiece 3 of each base 1 clamping successively; The workpiece processed is laid down in time, changes new workpiece to be processed, continues processing, greatly increase operating efficiency in the process that saddle 11 back moves.
Be provided with fastening spring 4, channel-shaped workpiece 3 is fixed after passing the side of described location briquetting 204 and clamping plate 203 after being sleeved on described fishbolt 205 more successively by described fastening spring 4.
Behind the side of fishbolt 205 through location briquetting 204, clamping plate 203, fastening spring 207 is compressed between location briquetting 204 and the lid of fishbolt 205, spring is enhanced the clamping force between location briquetting 204 and clamping plate 203 by the restoring force compressing its two ends backward generation, ensures the stability of clamping.
Described lateral blocks 2041 is made up of two side pawls 5, and described side pawl 5 extends rear formation in the horizontal direction by the edge of described vertical plate 2042 one end, and the described lateral blocks 2041 in horizontal direction is U-shaped structure.
Replace the structure of entire plate with two side pawls 5, decrease lateral blocks 2041 and the contact area of channel-shaped workpiece 3, when power is suitable, add pressure, when avoiding clamping, power is to the damage on channel-shaped workpiece 3 surface simultaneously.
Be provided with back-moving spring 6 between described clamping plate 203 and clamping plate 203, described back-moving spring 6 is serially connected in described fixed axis 202.When clamping plate 203 clamps, clamping plate 203 and clamping plate 203 extrude back-moving spring therebetween, by the back-moving spring that compresses in order to recover deformation the restoring force that produces act on the clamping plate 203 of its both sides, improve stability when clamping plate 203 clamps; On the other hand, when needing unloading after channel-shaped workpiece 3 machines, after the expansion link retraction of push-tight cylinder 206, clamping plate 203 is flicked under the restoring force effect of back-moving spring, and making has matched in clearance between each clamping plate 203.
Described push-tight cylinder 206 is located at the outside of described connecting plate 201, and the expansion link of push-tight cylinder 206 enters rear flank in connecting plate 201 through the connecting through hole of described connecting plate 201 and is fixedly connected with nearest clamping plate 203.Propulsion cylinder 206 is arranged on the outside of connecting plate 201, is convenient to install, and make use of connecting plate 201 inner space more fully for arranging clamping plate 203.
Two connecting plates 201 are connected by connecting bolt 207, and described connecting bolt 207 penetrates from the outside of connecting plate 201, and are fixed by nut after the connecting plate 201 being provided with described push-tight cylinder 206 passes.
The connecting plate 201 of all clamping plates 203 to offside promotes by push-tight cylinder 206, all clamping plates 203 are clamped, this connecting plate 201 is also subject to the motive force from connecting plate 201, in the technical program, from then on bolt is held insertion, prevent final fixing nut from loosening under the effect of above-mentioned motive force or coming off, ensure the use of fixture.
Described channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is fixed on described base 1 by rotary cylinder 7, time fixing, the levelling block of described rotary cylinder 7 and the upper surface contact squeeze of described connecting plate 201, the length of described base 1 is arranged according to the specification that can arrange two groups and above channel-shaped work piece holder 2 simultaneously.
Fix channel-shaped work piece holder 2 by rotary cylinder 7, restriction channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is in the motion of vertical direction, and clamping is stablized; Direct being put on lathe by base 1 is processed workpiece again, handled easily.
When described channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is arranged on described base 1, the connecting bolt 207 being in inner side is arranged on described base 1 by bearing block 8, and described rotary cylinder 7 is arranged on the offside of described bearing block 8.
One group of channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is arranged on base 1, channel-shaped workpiece 3 is separately fixed at the upper and lower side of clamping plate 203, add man-hour, first will be in conplane channel-shaped workpiece 3 to machine, then rotary cylinder 7 will be unclamped, whole channel-shaped work piece holder 2 will be lifted, after making connecting bolt 207 rotate 180 degree around the bearing in bearing block 8, upper plane replaced by the unprocessed channel-shaped workpiece 3 being before in lower flat, can proceed processing, and the workpiece processed is in lower flat.
Described base 1 is provided with through hole 9, and described through hole 9 is arranged on the below of described channel-shaped work piece holder 2.The useless expense slag of cutting that processing produces is fallen on row's turning device of lathe by through hole 9, easy cleaning.
Below know-why of the present invention is described in conjunction with specific embodiments.These describe just in order to explain principle of the present invention, and can not be interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention by any way.Based on explanation herein, those skilled in the art does not need to pay performing creative labour can associate other detailed description of the invention of the present invention, and these modes all will fall within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. one kind configures the multiple degrees of freedom lathe of channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp, comprise lathe and be located at the channel-shaped work piece holder on lathe, it is characterized in that: described lathe is multiple degrees of freedom lathe, comprise lathe bed, saddle, column, tool magazine, head, main shaft and workbench, described workbench is arranged on described lathe bed along its length, and described saddle is arranged on the side of described workbench;
Column and tool magazine are arranged in described saddle, and described column is slidably arranged on described saddle by Y-axis slide rail, described tool magazine and column separate, not load-bearing mutually; Column is vertically provided with Z axis slide rail, and described head is driven along Z axis slide rail moving linearly by Z axis drive motors; Length direction along described lathe bed is provided with X-axis slide rail, described X-axis slide rail moving linearly on lathe bed;
Described channel-shaped work piece holder comprises base, connecting plate, fixed axis, clamping plate, location briquetting, fishbolt and push-tight cylinder, and described base is fixed on described workbench;
Two described connecting plates are set in parallel in described base, and two described fixed axis are set in parallel between two described connecting plates, and the position relationship between fixed axis with connecting plate is mutually vertical; The two ends of described clamping plate are slidably serially connected on two fixed axis respectively, and some described clamping plates are arranged between two connecting plates;
Described clamping plate is the platy structure with leading flank, trailing flank, left surface, right flank, upper side and downside composition, described leading flank and trailing flank are respectively equipped with groove, described groove is that the end face of described leading flank and trailing flank is along the direction perpendicular to this end face, inner recess to described clamping plate is formed, and described groove extends along the length direction of described clamping plate;
Described location briquetting is the L shape structure be made of one piece by lateral blocks and vertical block two parts, described lateral blocks is installed on described upper side and left surface, right flank and crosses the corner formed, vertical block is fitted in corresponding left surface or the right flank of described clamping plate, and described location briquetting is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank through described vertical block by fishbolt; Described push-tight cylinder by some clamping plates wherein a described connecting plate direction promote, by all clamping board clampings.
2. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with fastening spring, channel-shaped workpiece is fixed after passing the side of described location briquetting and clamping plate after being sleeved on described fishbolt more successively by described fastening spring.
3. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lateral blocks is made up of two side pawls, described side pawl extends rear formation in the horizontal direction by the edge of described vertical plate one end, and the described lateral blocks in horizontal direction is U-shaped structure.
4. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with back-moving spring between described clamping plate and clamping plate, described back-moving spring is serially connected in described fixed axis.
5. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described push-tight cylinder is located at the outside of described connecting plate, the expansion link of push-tight cylinder enters rear flank in connecting plate through the connecting through hole of described connecting plate and is fixedly connected with nearest clamping plate.
6. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: two connecting plates are connected by connecting bolt, described connecting bolt penetrates from the outside of connecting plate, and is fixed by nut after the connecting plate being provided with described push-tight cylinder passes.
7. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described channel-shaped work piece holder is fixed on described base by rotary cylinder, time fixing, the levelling block of described rotary cylinder and the upper surface contact squeeze of described connecting plate, the length of described base is arranged according to the specification that can arrange two groups and above channel-shaped work piece holder simultaneously.
8. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: when described channel-shaped work piece holder is arranged on described base, the connecting bolt being in inner side is arranged on described base by bearing block, and described rotary cylinder is arranged on the offside of described bearing block.
9. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1 or 7, it is characterized in that: described base is provided with through hole, described through hole is arranged on the below of described channel-shaped work piece holder.
CN201510420338.7A 2015-07-16 2015-07-16 A kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp Active CN104972338B (en)

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CN110394680A (en) * 2019-08-20 2019-11-01 重庆理工大学 Marine diesel box parts adaptive machining device
CN110529889A (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-12-03 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Glass panel of stove component adhesive tool
CN112454212A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-03-09 常州盾嘉精密机械有限公司 Gear chamber cover tool

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CN202219412U (en) * 2011-09-06 2012-05-16 江苏弘鼎汽车零部件有限公司 Multipurpose horizontal fixture for hydraulic milling machine
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CN106736872A (en) * 2017-03-13 2017-05-31 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 A kind of whole machine of angle steel fixture
CN109210582A (en) * 2017-06-29 2019-01-15 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Stove panel assembly tooling
CN110529889A (en) * 2018-05-24 2019-12-03 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Glass panel of stove component adhesive tool
CN110529889B (en) * 2018-05-24 2020-11-24 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Tool for gluing glass panel component of kitchen range
CN110394680A (en) * 2019-08-20 2019-11-01 重庆理工大学 Marine diesel box parts adaptive machining device
CN110394680B (en) * 2019-08-20 2023-12-15 重庆理工大学 Self-adaptive processing device for box parts of marine diesel engine
CN112454212A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-03-09 常州盾嘉精密机械有限公司 Gear chamber cover tool

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